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2013

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786851/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-ii-recent-changes-in-prostate-cancer-trends-and-disease-characteristics
#1
Serban Negoita, Eric J Feuer, Angela Mariotto, Kathleen A Cronin, Valentina I Petkov, Sarah K Hussey, Vicki Benard, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Stacey Fedewa, Recinda L Sherman, Betsy A Kohler, Barbara J Dearmon, Andrew J Lake, Jiemin Ma, Lisa C Richardson, Ahmedin Jemal, Lynne Penberthy
BACKGROUND: Temporal trends in prostate cancer incidence and death rates have been attributed to changing patterns of screening and improved treatment (mortality only), among other factors. This study evaluated contemporary national-level trends and their relations with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing prevalence and explored trends in incidence according to disease characteristics with stage-specific, delay-adjusted rates. METHODS: Joinpoint regression was used to examine changes in delay-adjusted prostate cancer incidence rates from population-based US cancer registries from 2000 to 2014 by age categories, race, and disease characteristics, including stage, PSA, Gleason score, and clinical extension...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#2
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786822/volar-locking-plate-versus-k-wire-supported-external-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-ao-asif-type-c-distal-radius-fractures-a-comparison-of-functional-and-radiological-outcomes
#3
Altuğ Duramaz, Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili, Evren Karaali, Berhan Bayram, Nezih Ziroğlu, Cemal Kural
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of K-wire-supported bridging external fixation (KW-EF) and volar locking plate (VLP) in the treatment of comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures. METHODS: Patients treated for complex intra-articular distal radius fractures between February 2010 and April 2013 were retrospectively investigated. A total of 114 patients (42 females and 72 males) with a mean age of 44...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786717/comparison-of-hydroxycarboxylato-imidazole-molybdenum-iv-complexes-and-nitrogenase-protein-structures-indirect-evidence-for-the-protonation-of-homocitrato-femo-cofactors
#4
Si-Yuan Wang, Wan-Ting Jin, Hong-Bin Chen, Zhao-Hui Zhou
Glycolato and R,S-lactato imidazole molybdenum(iv) complexes [Mo3SO3(glyc)2(im)5]·im·H2O (1), Na2[Mo3SO3(R,S-lact)3(im)3]·10H2O (2), and [Mo6O10(R,S-lact)2(im)10]·16H2O (3) have been isolated and characterized (H2glyc = glycolic acid, H2lact = lactic acid, im = imidazole). α-Alkoxy coordination with molybdenum [Mo-Oα-alkoxy 1.993(7)av Å] in 1 and 2 showed obvious differences to their counterpart with α-hydroxy coordination [MoIV3S4(PPh3)3(Hlact)2(lact)] [2.204(4)av Å] as shown in M. N. Sokolov, S. A...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786654/a-comparative-study-of-oral-health-status-between-international-and-japanese-university-student-patients-in-japan
#5
Ai Ohsato, Masanobu Abe, Kazumi Ohkubo, Hidemi Yoshimasu, Liang Zong, Kazuto Hoshi, Tsuyoshi Takato, Shintaro Yanagimoto, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
Background: The number of international students enrolled in universities in Japan is increasing. To provide better oral care services for international students, we have to understand their oral environment and dental health behaviors. However, few studies have investigated the oral health status of international university students. The object of the present study was to clarify the current oral status of international university students. Methods: The subjects were students who visited the dental department at the University of Tokyo's Health Services Center between April 2012 and March 2013...
May 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786616/derivation-of-new-diagnostic-reference-levels-for-neuro-paediatric-computed-tomography-examinations-in-switzerland
#6
Franca Wagner, Julie Bize, Damien Racine, Regis Le Coultre, Verdun Francis, Philipp Trueb, Reto Treier
Definition of new national diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) and dose length product (DLP) for neuro-paediatric CT examinations depending on the medical indication.
 Methods: Paediatric cranial CT data sets acquired between January 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively collected between July 2016 and March 2017 from the eight largest university and cantonal hospitals that perform most of the neuro-paediatric CTs in Switzerland. A consensus review of CTDIvol and DLP was undertaken for the three defined anatomical regions: brain, facial bone and petrous bone; each with and without contrast medium application...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786585/hygienic-assessment-of-the-effects-of-pesticides-application-on-adult-population-morbidity-with-thyroid-gland-diseases
#7
Anna M Antonenko, Olena P Vavrinevych, Maria M Korshun, Sergiy T Omelchuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: It is proved that some groups of fungicides and herbicides are capable of affecting the thyroid gland, provoking its growth, leading to a compensatory change in the activity of the hormones synthesis. Therefore, the presence of their residual amounts in plant may affect the level of thyroid gland pathology. The aim of the work was to analyze the influence of pesticide application on the Ukrainian adult population morbidity with thyroid diseases in the period from 2001 to 2014...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786525/on-farm-mortality-and-related-risk-factors-in-estonian-dairy-cows
#8
Kaari Reimus, Toomas Orro, Ulf Emanuelson, Arvo Viltrop, Kerli Mõtus
Mortality (unassisted death and euthanasia) reflects the health and welfare state of the cows and is associated with undesirable financial consequences for the farmer. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to identify risk factors associated with on-farm mortality in dairy cows. Data for a study period between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015 were retrieved from the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board and Estonian Livestock Performance Recording, Ltd. Cows from milk-recording herds with ≥20 cow-years were included...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786411/bad-transmission-and-sad-distribution-a-new-scenario-for-critical-limb-ischemia
#9
Roberto Ferraresi, Giovanni Mauri, Fabrizio Losurdo, Nicola Troisi, Diego Brancaccio, Carlo M Caravaggi, Luca Neri
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies on peripheral artery disease (PAD) focused on above-the-ankle artery disease, while less is known about foot artery disease. We hypothesize a scenario were two different diseases can be present in PAD patients, big artery disease (BAD) and small artery disease (SAD), overlapping at the foot level; the aim of this study is to evaluate their prevalence and their correlation with risk factors and critical limb ischemia (CLI) in a large cohort of patients with symptomatic PAD...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786189/-renal-infarction-multicentric-cases-in-piedmont
#10
Daria Motta, Andrea Airoldi, Serena Bainotti, Manuel Burdese, Andrea Campo, Luigia Costantini, Raffaella Cravero, Paola Mesiano, Giorgina B Piccoli, Olga Randone, Andrea Serra, Patrizia Vio, Roberto Boero
We describe factors associated to renal infarction, clinical, instrumental and laboratoristic features, and therapeutic strategies too. This is an observational, review and polycentric study of cases in Nephrologic Units in Piedmont during 2013-2015, with diagnosis of renal infarction by Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). We collected 48 cases (25 M, age 57±16i; 23 F age 70±18, p = 0.007), subdivided in 3 groups based on etiology: group 1: cardio-embolic (n=19) ; group 2: coagulation abnormalities (n= 9); group 3: other causes or idiopathic (n=20)...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786145/pilot-study-demonstrates-that-placental-histology-can-provide-an-additional-tool-for-diagnosing-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#11
J M A Ykema, E J D'Haens, M Havenith, J van Eyck, R A van Lingen, M A C Hemels
AIM: We explored whether placental histology could help to diagnose early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS), guide clinical decision-making 48 hours after birth and reduce antibiotic use. METHODS: This study comprised 109 infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestation, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Isala, Zwolle, The Netherlands, between January 2013 and December 2013. EONS was defined as clinical symptoms plus raised serial C-reactive protein >10 mg/L and a positive (proven EONS) or a negative (suspected EONS) blood culture...
May 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786128/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sentinel-node-navigation-surgery-in-early-gastric-cancer-a-single-center-single-arm-phase-ii-trial
#12
Do Joong Park, Young Suk Park, Sang Yong Son, Ju-Hee Lee, Hye Seung Lee, Young Soo Park, Kyoung Ho Lee, Young Hoon Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Won Woo Lee, Soyeon Ahn, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) in early gastric cancer (EGC) is technically feasible according to previous literature, however its long-term oncologic safety has not been reported. METHODS: A single-center, single-arm, phase II trial was conducted to determine the oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic sentinel node (SN) biopsy in clinical stage T1N0M0 gastric cancer patients. Cases with positive SNs on intraoperative pathologic examination underwent conventional gastrectomy with radical lymphadenectomy (SN-positive group), whereas those with negative SNs underwent laparoendoscopic-limited gastric resections without further lymph node dissections (SN-negative group)...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786065/real-time-precise-point-positioning-based-zenith-tropospheric-delay-for-precipitation-forecasting
#13
Qingzhi Zhao, Yibin Yao, Wanqiang Yao, Zufeng Li
GPS-based Zenith Tropospheric Delay (ZTD) estimation should be easily obtained in a cost-effective way, however, the most previous studies focus on post-processed ZTD estimates using satellite orbit and clock products with at least 3-9 hours latency provided by International GNSS Service (IGS), which limits the GNSS meteorological application for nowcasting. With the development of IGS's real-time pilot project (RTPP), this limitation was removed by April, 2013 as real-time satellite orbit and clock products can be obtained on-line...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786023/near-peer-assisted-learning-to-improve-confidence-for-medical-students-situational-judgment-tests
#14
Naomi Gostelow, Germander Soothill, Seema Vawda, David Annan
Background: The situational judgment test (SJT) was introduced for all graduating United Kingdom medical students in 2013. Students have anxiety over time pressures and heavy weighting of a single examination. Aims: This study aimed to examine formal SJT preparation available, perceptions of a near peer-delivered course, and to measure improvement in students' confidence. Innovation: Foundation doctors ( first 2 years of postgraduate training) produced a "Situational Judgment Test Preparation Course" in November 2015...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786020/use-of-international-foundations-of-medicine-clinical-sciences-examination-to-evaluate-students-performance-in-the-local-examination-at-the-university-of-sharjah-united-arab-emirates
#15
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Mohamed Elhassan Abdalla, Amal Hussein
Background: Several medical schools around the world are moving away from isolated, locally developed in-house assessments to the introduction of external examinations into their curriculum. Although the objective varies, it is typically done to evaluate, audit, and compare students' performance to international standards. Similarly, the International Foundations of Medicine-Clinical Sciences Examination (IFOM-CSE) was introduced in the College of Medicine at the University of Sharjah as an external assessment criterion in addition to the existing in-house assessments...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785926/intramedullary-nail-fixation-versus-locking-plate-fixation-for-adults-with-a-fracture-of-the-distal-tibia-the-uk-fixdt-rct
#16
Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, Susie Hennings, Nafisa Boota, James Griffin, Stavros Petrou, Mandy Maredza, Melina Dritsaki, Thomas Wood, James Masters, Ian Pallister, Sarah E Lamb, Nick R Parsons
BACKGROUND: The best treatment for fractures of the distal tibia remains controversial. Most of these fractures require surgical fixation, but the outcomes are unpredictable and complications are common. OBJECTIVES: To assess disability, quality of life, complications and resource use in patients treated with intramedullary (IM) nail fixation versus locking plate fixation in the 12 months following a fracture of the distal tibia. DESIGN: This was a multicentre randomised trial...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785694/surgical-capacity-at-district-hospitals-in-zambia-from-2012-to-2016
#17
Mweene Cheelo, Ruairi Brugha, Leon Bijlmakers, John Kachimba, Tracey McCauley, Jakub Gajewski
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest burdens of surgically treatable conditions in the world and the highest unmet need, especially in rural areas. Zambia is one of the countries in the region taking steps to improve surgical care for its rural populations. AIM: To demonstrate changes in surgical capacity in Zambia's district hospitals over a 3-year period and to provide a baseline from which future interventions in surgical care can be assessed...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785683/targeted-therapies-and-adverse-drug-reactions-in-oncology-the-role-of-clinical-pharmacist-in-pharmacovigilance
#18
G Fornasier, M Taborelli, S Francescon, J Polesel, M Aliberti, P De Paoli, P Baldo
Background The majority of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported in the summary of product characteristics (SPCs) are based on pivotal clinical trials, performed under controlled conditions and with selected patients. Objectives (1) to observe ADRs in the real-world setting and to evaluate if the supervision of the pharmacist impacts on the management of ADRs and on the satisfaction of patients; (2) to sensitise health professionals and patients on the need to increase the reporting of ADRs, in compliance with Pharmacovigilance...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785658/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-positive-urine-culture-at-the-time-of-pediatric-urologic-surgery
#19
Michael A Maccini, David J Chalmers, Vijaya M Vemulakonda, Jeffrey B Campbell
PURPOSE: Urinary tract infections are relatively common in pediatric patients. Unrecognized bacteriuria at the time of urologic surgery puts patients at increased risk for perioperative complications. Many pediatric urologists obtain preoperative or intraoperative urine cultures prior to surgery, but data are lacking regarding rates and risk factors for positive intraoperative urine cultures. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing pediatric urologic surgery to examine factors associated with positive intraoperative urine cultures...
May 21, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785620/how-asymptomatic-are-early-cancer-patients-of-five-organs-based-on-registry-data-in-japan
#20
Narue Nakabayashi, Masahiro Hirose, Ritsuro Suzuki, Junji Suzumiya, Mikio Igawa
BACKGROUND: One reason for the low cancer screening rate in Japan is that people are not concerned about cancer if they do not have symptoms. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 18,405 cancer patients using hospital-based cancer registry data collected between 2007 and 2013 at the 13 hospitals of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. The symptomatic rates of five cancers (stomach, colorectal, lung, breast, and cervix) at each stage and the time of early diagnosis were investigated...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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