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2013

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156865/antibacterial-resistance-patterns-and-incidence-of-hospital-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-a-tertiary-care-educational-hospital-in-turkey-a-perspective-from-2001-to-2013
#1
Oğuz Reşat Sipahi, Serhat Uysal, Sabire Şöhret Aydemir, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Meltem Taşbakan, Alper Tünger, Fatma Feriha Çilli, Tansu Yamazhan, Bilgin Arda, Hilal Sipahi, Sercan Ulusoy
Background/aim: Staphylococcus aureus is an important nosocomial pathogen and a successful antimicrobial-resistance developer. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the resistance patterns and incidence of microbiologically confirmed nosocomial bacteremia (MCNB) related S. aureus strains between 2001 and 2013. Materials and methods: Any patient in whom S. aureus was isolated in at least one set of blood cultures (sent to the bacteriology laboratory 72 h after hospital admission) was considered to have MCNB...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156856/clinical-and-surgical-outcomes-of-upper-lumbar-disc-herniations-a-retrospective-study
#2
Burak Karaaslan, Ayfer Aslan, Alp Özgün Börcek, Memduh Kaymaz
Background/aim: Upper lumbar disc herniation (LDH), generally involving L1?L2 and L2?L3 level herniation, is less common than lower LDH and, in this retrospective study, the clinical and radiological findings of patients who suffered from upper LDH and were operated on due to this pathology were reviewed. Materials and methods: Data regarding neurological and radiological findings of patients operated on between January 2005 and December 2013 were retrospectively collected. During this period, 3494 patients had surgery for LDH, and 129 of these patients had disc herniation at the upper levels...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156851/cartilage-reinforcement-graft-versus-fascia-graft-in-tympanoplasty
#3
Emre Ocak, Süha Beton, Vedat Taş, Cem Meço
Background/aim: The purpose of this study was to compare cartilage reinforcement graft results with temporalis fascia graft alone in terms of hearing and anatomical outcomes in tympanoplasty. Materials and methods: Patients who underwent tympanoplasty with/without ossiculoplasty and/or mastoidectomy at a university hospital from 2006 through 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into those grafted with temporalis muscle fascia alone and with fascia reinforced with cartilage. The postoperative air bone gap, gain in hearing thresholds, and graft status were evaluated for each group...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156816/mixed-subtype-thyroid-cancer-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-database-analysis
#4
Chunping Liu, Qiuyang Zhao, Zhi Li, Shuntao Wang, Yiquan Xiong, Zeming Liu, Tao Huang
The prognosis of patients with mixed subtype thyroid cancer (MSTC) is unclear. The present study compared the prognoses of MSTC, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) to provide a new perspective regarding the treatment guidelines for these diseases. We evaluated data from patients with thyroid cancer who were included in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2004 and 2013. Patient mortality was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses and Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank tests...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156784/marital-status-and-survival-of-patients-with-kidney-cancer
#5
Tingru Miao, Yufeng Li, Xiaoli Sheng, Dingguo Yao
Background: The relationship between marital status and prognosis of kidney cancer has not been explored in detail. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of marital status on survival outcomes in kidney cancer. Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program to identify 112860 patients with kidney cancer diagnosed in 2004 through 2013. Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariable Cox regression models were used to analyze the influence of marital status on overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156687/distribution-of-lymph-node-metastasis-from-lymphoepithelial-like-carcinoma-of-the-parotid
#6
LiNa Yin, Xue Huang, XiaoLan Liu, YongChun Zhang, Xiaoshen Wang
Purpose: To explore the distribution of node spread from lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LELC) of the parotid gland based on the 2013 updated guidelines for neck node levels. Results: 42 (58.3%) cases had metastatic nodes, all were localized at the ipsilateral neck. The detailed distribution was: level Ia 0, level Ib 6(14.3%), level II 34 (80.1%), level III 16 (38.1%), level IV 9 (21.4%), level V 7 (16.7%), level VI 0, level VII 0, level VIII 37 (88.1%), level IX 0, level Xa 2 (4...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156439/air-pollution-over-the-north-china-plain-and-its-implication-of-regional-transport-a-new-sight-from-the-observed-evidences
#7
Baozhu Ge, Zifa Wang, Weili Lin, Xiaobin Xu, Jie Li, Dongshen Ji, Zhiqiang Ma
High concentrations of the fine particles (PM2.5) are frequently observed during all seasons over the North China Plain (NCP) region in recent years. In NCP, the contributions of regional transports to certain area, e.g. Beijing city, are often discussed and estimated by models when considering an effective air pollution controlling strategy. In this study, we selected three sites from southwest to northeast in NCP, in which the concentrations of air pollutants displayed a multi-step decreasing trend in space...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156310/context-and-characteristics-of-illicit-drug-use-in-coastal-and-interior-tanzania
#8
Jenny Tiberio, Yovin Ivo Laurent, Joel Ndayongeje, Amani Msami, Susie Welty, Alois Ngonyani, Syangu Mwankemwa, Moza Makumbuli, Willi McFarland, Meghan D Morris
BACKGROUND: An increase in heroin seizures in East Africa may signal wider local consumption of illicit drugs. Most information about drug use in Tanzania is from the economic capital, Dar es Salaam, and well-travelled Zanzibar. More data are needed on the extent, trends, and characteristics of illicit drug use in the vast coast and interior of the country. METHODS: The study was a rapid assessment, triangulating data from in-depth interviews of primary key informants (people who use drugs [PWUD]), secondary informants (police, community members, service providers), and ethnographic mapping of hotspots in 12 regions of Tanzania...
November 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156256/effects-of-ambient-temperature-on-lung-function-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-time-series-panel-study
#9
Zhijing Lin, Yutong Gu, Cong Liu, Yuanlin Song, Chunxue Bai, Renjie Chen, Shujing Chen, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence concerns the associations between ambient temperature and lung function and the results are mixed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between temperature variations and daily fluctuations in pulmonary function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: We designed a time-series panel study of 28 male urban COPD patients with repeated daily lung function measurements from December 2012 to May 2013 in Shanghai, China...
November 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156250/fear-family-and-the-placing-of-emotion-black-women-s-responses-to-a-breast-cancer-awareness-intervention
#10
Tim Brown, Isabel Dyck, Beth Greenhough, Menah Raven-Ellison, Melanie Dembinsky, Mark Ornstein, Stephen W Duffy
This paper is based upon findings from the qualitative element of a mixed-methods study on the response of Black women aged 25-50 to a public health intervention related to breast cancer. The focus groups were conducted in the London Borough of Hackney, UK between 2013 and 2016, and were part of an evaluation of the effectiveness of a breast awareness DVD. While the content of the DVD was generally well-received by the participants, the focus group discussions revealed a complex and, at times, contradictory response to the women's construction as an 'at risk' community...
November 17, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156249/changing-experience-of-adverse-medical-events-in-the-national-health-service-comparison-of-two-population-surveys-in-2001-and-2013
#11
Alastair M Gray, Paul Fenn, Neil Rickman, Dev Vencappa
Care quality is important to patients and providers, but is hard to measure. This study aimed to examine changes in the frequency and severity of one quality measure - adverse events associated with medical care - in Great Britain over a 12-year period when available resources initially expanded and were subsequently constrained. Data on perceived adverse events, collected from two representative population surveys in 2001 and 2013, were analysed and compared. The samples consisted of 8202 adults aged 15 and over in 2001 and 19,746 adults aged 15 and over in 2013...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156248/the-symbolic-violence-of-outbreak-a-mixed-methods-quasi-experimental-impact-evaluation-of-social-protection-on-ebola-survivor-wellbeing
#12
Eugene T Richardson, J Daniel Kelly, Osman Sesay, Michael D Drasher, Ishaan K Desai, Raphael Frankfurter, Paul E Farmer, Mohamed Bailor Barrie
Despite over 28,000 reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the 2013-16 outbreak in West Africa, we are only beginning to trace the complex biosocial processes that have promoted its spread. Important questions remain, including the effects on survivors of clinical sequelae, loss of family and livelihood, and other psychological and social trauma. Another poorly understood question is what effect social protection and job creation programs have had on survivors' wellbeing. Several clinical and social protection programs have been developed to respond to the needs of EVD survivors; however, little in the way of impact evaluation has taken place...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156147/electromagnetic-navigational-bronchoscopy-versus-ct-guided-percutaneous-sampling-of-peripheral-indeterminate-pulmonary-nodules-a-cohort-study
#13
Kavita M Bhatt, Yasmeen K Tandon, Ruffin Graham, Charles T Lau, Jason K Lempel, Joseph T Azok, Peter J Mazzone, Erika Schneider, Nancy A Obuchowski, Michael A Bolen
Purpose To compare the diagnostic yield and complication rates of electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopic (ENB)-guided and computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous tissue sampling of lung nodules. Materials and Methods Retrospectively identified were 149 patients sampled percutaneously with CT guidance and 146 patients who underwent ENB with transbronchial biopsy of a lung lesion between 2013 and 2015. Clinical data, incidence of complications, and nodule pathologic analyses were assessed through electronic medical record review...
November 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156100/doctoral-training-in-clinical-psychology-across-23-years-continuity-and-change
#14
John C Norcross, Michael A Sayette, Andrew M Pomerantz
OBJECTIVE: Doctoral training in clinical psychology has undergone substantial changes in recent decades, especially with the increasing heterogeneity of training models and graduate students. To document these changes, we analyzed program, student, and faculty characteristics of American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited clinical psychology programs over a 23-year span. METHOD: We surveyed directors of clinical training about their doctoral programs every 2 years from 1991 to 2013, securing 90%-98% response rates...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156007/desmoplastic-nodular-medulloblastoma-in-young-children-a-management-dilemma
#15
Mohamed S AbdelBaki, Daniel R Boué, Jonathan L Finlay, Mark W Kieran
Background: Children with desmoplastic nodular medulloblastoma (DNMB) have excellent survival, leading multiple groups globally to attempt reduction of treatment-related morbidity. In 2013, the Children's Oncology Group began a clinical trial (ACNS1221) eliminating both radiation therapy (RT) and intraventricular methotrexate for children under 3 years of age with localized DNMB, aiming to build upon the excellent outcomes of the German (HIT) trials. ACNS1221 has recently closed due to increased incidence of recurrences noted at the 2-year interim analysis, raising important questions regarding optimal therapy for DNMB...
November 15, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156003/chronic-respiratory-disease-an-unrecognized-risk-factor-in-dialysis
#16
Cécile Couchoud, Clémence Béchade, Abdelkader Bemrah, Jean-Christophe Delarozière, Guillaume Jean
Background: Few studies have analysed the impact of chronic respiratory disease (CRD) on outcomes in dialysis. We therefore sought to describe patients with CRD and end-stage renal disease and their outcomes after dialysis start, compared with patients without CRD, focusing especially on causes of death, access to renal transplantation and causes of hospital admissions. Methods: The study included 52 797 adults aged 18 years and older who began dialysis from 2008 to 2013 and are recorded in the French national REIN registry...
May 30, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155998/limited-impact-of-adolescent-meningococcal-acwy-vaccination-on-group-w-carriage-in-university-students
#17
Neil J Oldfield, Luke R Green, Julian Parkhill, Christopher D Bayliss, David P J Turner
Background: In the UK rising disease levels due to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W clonal complex ST-11 (MenW:cc11) strains led to introduction of conjugate MenACWY vaccination for teenagers. We investigated the impact of immunization on carriage of targeted meningococci by whole genome sequencing of isolates recovered from a cohort of vaccinated university students. Methods: Strain designation data were extracted from whole genome sequence data. Genomes from carried and invasive MenW:cc11 were compared using a gene-by-gene approach...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155982/economic-and-survival-burden-of-dysphagia-among-inpatients-in-the-united-states
#18
D A Patel, S Krishnaswami, E Steger, E Conover, M F Vaezi, M R Ciucci, D O Francis
The inpatient burden of dysphagia has primarily been evaluated in patients with stroke. It is unclear whether dysphagia, irrespective of cause, is associated with worse clinical outcomes and higher costs compared to inpatients with similar demographic, hospital, and clinical characteristics without dysphagia. The aim of this study is to assess how a dysphagia diagnosis affects length of hospital stay (LOS), costs, discharge disposition, and in-hospital mortality among adult US inpatients. Annual and overall dysphagia prevalence, LOS, hospital charges, inpatient care costs, discharge disposition, and in-hospital mortality were measured using the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) National Inpatient Sample (2009-2013)...
November 16, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155863/molecular-detection-of-tick-borne-pathogens-in-cattle-from-southwestern-ethiopia
#19
Zerihun Hailemariam, Jürgen Krücken, Maximilian Baumann, Jabbar S Ahmed, Peter-Henning Clausen, Ard M Nijhof
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) cause significant losses among livestock and impact the livelihoods of resource-poor farming communities worldwide. In Ethiopia, detailed studies on the epidemiology of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) in cattle using sensitive molecular detection methods are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and species composition of bovine TBPs of veterinary significance in local cattle populations. A comprehensive cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted in cattle populations of Illubabor zone in Southwestern Ethiopia from June to August 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155840/indications-and-determinants-of-caesarean-section-delivery-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-matlab-bangladesh
#20
Tahmina Begum, Aminur Rahman, Herfina Nababan, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al Fazal Khan, Taslim Ali, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Caesarean section (C-section) is a major obstetric intervention for saving lives of women and their newborns from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Un-necessary C-sections may have adverse impact upon maternal and neonatal outcomes. In Bangladesh there is paucity of data on clinical indication of C-section at population level. We conducted a retrospective study in icddr,b Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area of Matlab to look into the indications and determinants of C-sections...
2017: PloS One
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