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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319016/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-kinetics-in-pregnancy-and-post-partum-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Sarah McCredie, William Ledger, Christos A Venetis
The aim of this systematic review is to critically appraise the available evidence regarding the kinetics of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) during pregnancy and post-partum. A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, Scopus and Web of Science on 14 December 2015, aiming to identify studies providing data on the serum concentration of AMH in women at various stages of gestation and post-partum. There was a total of 1719 participants across eight studies. Seven out of the eight studies reported a decline in serum AMH concentration with advancing gestational age...
February 24, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317421/a-prospective-cohort-study-evaluating-the-cost-effectiveness-of-carbetocin-for-prevention-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-in-caesarean-sections
#2
Yasmin Luni, Aditya Borakati, Arti Matah, Katie Skeats, Padma Eedarapalli
Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Prophylaxis with oxytocic medication is recommended by the WHO to prevent its occurrence. Carbetocin is a newer oxytocic, with potential to lower PPH rates, reduce the total use of oxytocic drugs and lead to financial savings. Meta-analyses have confirmed a reduction in the use of additional oxytocic medication with the use of carbetocin compared to oxytocin. However, there are few studies evaluating the costs of carbetocin prophylaxis...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316944/human-amnion-membrane-potential-applications-in-oral-and-periodontal-field
#3
REVIEW
Ranjana Mohan, Aashima Bajaj, Mohan Gundappa
Human amniotic membrane (HAM) is derived from the fetal membranes which consist of the inner amniotic membrane made of single layer of amnion cells fixed to collagen-rich mesenchyme attached to chorion. HAM has low immunogenicity, anti-inflammatory properties and their cells can be isolated without the sacrifice of human embryos. Amniotic membrane has biological properties which are important for the experimental and clinical applications in managing patients of various medical specialties. Abundant, natural and wonderful biomembrane not only protects the foetus but also has various clinical applications in the field of dermatology, ophthalmology, ENT surgery, orthopedics and dental surgery...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315416/predictors-of-maternal-trust-in-doctors-about-advice-on-infant-care-practices-the-safe-study
#4
Sunah S Hwang, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy C Heeren, Eve R Colson, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictors of maternal trust in doctors about advice on infant care practices. METHODS: Using probability sampling methods, we recruited mothers from 32 U.S. maternity hospitals. Mothers completed a survey 2-6 months post-partum that included questions about maternal trust in doctors regarding six infant care practices and physician characteristics (doctor asked mother's opinion, doctor is qualified, infant sees one main doctor who is/is not of the same ethnicity/race)...
March 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300619/brain-neurotransmitters-in-an-animal-model-with-postpartum-depressive-like-behavior
#5
Y Avraham, Y Hants, L Vorobeiv, M Premishlano, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, D Mankuta, E Galun, S Arbel-Alon
Post-Partum Depression (PPD) occurs in 15% of pregnancies and its patho-physiology is not known. We studied female BALB/c ("depressive") and C57BL/6 (control) mice as a model for PPD and assessed their behavior and correlates with brain neurotransmitters (NTs) - norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin and intermediates, during the pre-pregnancy (PREP), pregnancy (PREG) and post-Partum (PP) periods. Depressive-like behavior was evaluated by the Open Field (OFT), Tail Suspension (TST) and Forced Swim (FST) tests...
March 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295465/quantification-of-piritramide-in-human-colostrum
#6
A Van Eeckhaut, P Vanfleteren, J Van Schoors, Y Van Wanseele, J Poelaert, Y Michotte
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In our university hospital (UZBrussel), one of the options to control post-operative pain after a Caesarean section under general anaesthesia is to administer piritramide by patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). As no information is available about the possible transfer of this synthetic narcotic analgesic into breastmilk, women are frequently advised not to breastfeed their newborn. A sensitive liquid chromatographic (LC) method coupled with UV detection will therefore be developed and validated for the quantification of piritramide in colostrum samples to evaluate the presence of the analgesic in the first milk...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294426/polymorphism-in-5-untranslated-region-of-heat-shock-protein-70-gene-as-marker-of-post-partum-anoestrus-in-murrah-buffaloes
#7
R Kumar, M Ghosh, N Kumar, A K Balhara, M Gupta, R K Sharma, I Singh
The enormous production potential of buffaloes has never been accomplished due to various reproductive insufficiencies. Among them, post-partum anoestrus, a multifactorial disorder, is predominant but any genetic association is yet to be established. This study focused to identify novel polymorphisms in heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene and its possible association with post-partum anoestrus in Murrah buffaloes. A 579-bp fragment from 5' untranslated region of HSP70 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction from blood genomic DNA of 614 animals maintained under similar management conditions...
March 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290763/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-treatment-of-new-onset-and-recurrent-depression-during-the-post-partum-period
#8
Pirjo Kettunen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: When developing maternity care services, it is important to know how psychosocial factors affect the course of post-partum depression (PPD), and how depressed mothers are treated. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess how adverse childhood experiences, poor present support and violence, and low socioeconomic status (SES) associate with PPD, specifically in new onset and recurrent post-partum depression. The second aim is to assess the treatment received for PPD...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290237/multiple-nutritional-factors-and-the-risk-of-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#9
Shiqian Hu, Margaret P Rayman
Background Hashimoto's Thyroiditis (HT) is considered to be the most common autoimmune disease. It is currently accepted that genetic susceptibility, environmental factors and immune disorders contribute to its development. Regarding nutritional factors, evidence implicates high iodine intake, deficiencies of selenium and iron with a potential relevance of vitamin D status. To elucidate the role of nutritional factors in the risk, pathogenesis and treatment of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis (HT), PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched for publications on iodine, iron, selenium and vitamin D and risk/treatment of HT...
March 14, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287490/correlations-between-maternal-breast-milk-and-infant-vitamin-b12-concentrations-among-mother-infant-dyads-in-vancouver-canada-and-prey-veng-cambodia-an-exploratory-analysis
#10
Philip Chebaya, Crystal D Karakochuk, Kaitlin M March, Nancy N Chen, Rosemary A Stamm, Hou Kroeun, Prak Sophonneary, Mam Borath, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Daniela Hampel, Susan I Barr, Yvonne Lamers, Lisa A Houghton, Lindsay H Allen, Tim J Green, Kyly C Whitfield
Vitamin B12 plays an essential role in fetal and infant development. In regions where animal source food consumption is low and perinatal supplementation is uncommon, infants are at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. In this secondary analysis, we measured total vitamin B12 concentrations in maternal and infant serum/plasma and breast milk among two samples of mother-infant dyads in Canada (assessed at 8 weeks post-partum) and in Cambodia (assessed between 3-27 weeks post-partum). Canadian mothers (n = 124) consumed a daily vitamin B12-containing multiple micronutrient supplement throughout pregnancy and lactation; Cambodian mothers (n = 69) were unsupplemented...
March 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285396/pelvic-organ-support-several-years-after-a-first-birth
#11
Caroline W S Ferreira, Ixora K Atan, Andrew Martin, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female pelvic organ prolapse is highly prevalent and childbirth has been shown to be an important risk factor. The study was carried out to observe if pelvic organ support deteriorates over time following a first birth. METHODS: This is a retrospective review using archived data sets of women seen in the context of two prospective perinatal imaging studies. All subjects had undergone a standardised interview, a clinical examination and 4D translabial ultrasound, 3 months and 2-5 years post-partum...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283918/at-the-heart-of-the-pregnancy-what-prenatal-and-cardiovascular-genetic-counselors-need-to-know-about-maternal-heart-disease
#12
REVIEW
Ana Morales, Dawn C Allain, Patricia Arscott, Emily James, Gretchen MacCarrick, Brittney Murray, Crystal Tichnell, Amy R Shikany, Sara Spencer, Sara M Fitzgerald-Butt, Jessica D Kushner, Christi Munn, Emily Smith, Katherine G Spoonamore, Harikrishna S Tandri, W Aaron Kay
In the last decade, an increasing number of cardiac conditions have been shown to have a genetic basis. Cardiovascular genetic counseling has emerged as a subspecialty aiming to identify unaffected at-risk individuals. An important sector of this at-risk population also includes expectant mothers, in whom unique clinical challenges may arise. Genetic counselors, especially those in cardiovascular and prenatal settings, have an opportunity to identify and assist women who may benefit from cardiovascular care during pregnancy...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283284/mri-in-the-evaluation-of-obstructive-reproductive-tract-anomalies-in-paediatric-patients
#13
H Zhang, H Qu, G Ning, B Cheng, F Jia, X Li, X Chen
AIM: To outline the anatomical variations of obstructive reproductive tract anomalies (ORTA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its role in preoperative evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI and treatment of 21 paediatric patients with ORTA were reviewed and analysed. MRI findings were correlated with ultrasound and surgical findings. RESULTS: Patients presented in two distinct ways: primary amenorrhoea with cyclic pelvic pain, or progressive dysmenorrhoea...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282707/post-partum-depression-effect-on-child-health-and-development
#14
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Farideh Rezai Abhari, Mehran Zarghami
While studies have shown the disastrous effects of post-partum depression (PPD) on children's behaviors, there is relatively lack of reliable data in Asian countries. This study examined the relative significance of maternal PPD in children's developmental disabilities at age four. In a longitudinal study design (2009), 1801 pregnant women attending in primary health centers of Mazandaran province in the north of Iran provided self-reports of depression from two to twelve postpartum weeks using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281775/epidemiology-and-effect-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-on-dairy-goats-in-argentina
#15
Victor H Suarez, Gabriela M Martínez, Alberto E Viñabal, José R Alfaro
The aim of this work was to study the epidemiology and harmful effects of gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) on dairy goats maintained in an intensive system. Two groups of goats were studied: untreated group (UG) (subdivided into UGjun goats that kidded in June, and UGjul goats that kidded in July) and treated group (TG) (with no subgroups, treated with monepantel: 3.75 mg/kg, orally, monthly). Eggs per gram (epg) in faeces were counted, faecal culture was performed to differentiate nematode genera and milk production was measured...
February 28, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278020/maternal-mind-mindedness-as-a-linking-mechanism-between-childbirth-related-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-parenting-stress
#16
Elena Camisasca, Rossella Procaccia, Sarah Miragoli, Giovanni Giulio Valtolina, Paola Di Blasio
The researchers of this study have two aims: The first one is to verify whether PTS symptoms, evaluated at 87 hours and at 3 months post-partum, are associated with MM and parenting stress, measured at 17 months post-partum. The second purpose is to investigate, at 17 months, the predictive effects of PTS symptoms on the dimensions of parenting stress and to explore whether MM mediates these associations. 41 mother-infant dyads participated in the study. The results show that, at 17 months, hyper-arousal symptoms predicted both MM and parenting stress...
February 19, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276579/glucose-homeostasis-beta-cell-function-and-insulin-resistance-in-relation-to-vitamin-d-status-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Nael Shaat, Claes Ignell, Anastasia Katsarou, Kerstin Berntorp
INTRODUCTION: We wanted to determine vitamin D status after gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to evaluate whether levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3 ) are associated with beta cell function, insulin resistance, or a diagnosis of diabetes after GDM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Glucose homeostasis was assessed during a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test 1-2 years after delivery in 376 women with previous GDM (287 European and 78 non-European, including 33 Arab and 35 Asian women)...
March 9, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276107/prenatal-antibiotics-and-atopic-dermatitis-among-18-month-old-children-in-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#18
Signe Timm, Vivi Schlünssen, Jørn Olsen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research, the aetiology of atopic dermatitis remains largely unknown, but reduced intestinal microbiota diversity in neonates has been linked to subsequent atopic dermatitis. Consequently, postnatal antibiotics have been proposed as a risk factor, but a potential association between prenatal antibiotics and atopic dermatitis is not well studied. Overall, the current evidence suggests a positive association between exposure to prenatal antibiotics and atopic dermatitis...
March 9, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274173/bakri-balloon-versus-condom-loaded-foley-s-catheter-for-treatment-of-atonic-postpartum-hemorrhage-secondary-to-vaginal-delivery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Atef M Darwish, Mohamed M Abdallah, Omar M Shaaban, Mohammed K Ali, Mohamed Khalaf, Ali Mohamed A Sabra
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of condom-loaded Foley's catheter versus Bakri Balloon in the management of primary atonic post partum hemorrhage (PPH) secondary to vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This study was single blinded randomized controlled trial conducted at Assiut Woman's Health Hospital, Egypt in the period between October 2014 and December 2015. It Comprised 66 women with primary atonic PPH following vaginal delivery. Eligible participants were randomly assigned to Bakri balloon (group A) or condom-loaded Foley's catheter (group B)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271625/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-from-the-worldwide-registry-on-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-ppcm-eurobservational-research-programme-in-conjunction-with-the-heart-failure-association-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-study-group-on-ppcm
#20
Karen Sliwa, Alexandre Mebazaa, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Mark C Petrie, Aldo P Maggioni, Cecile Laroche, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek, Maria Schaufelberger, Luigi Tavazzi, Peter van der Meer, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Petar Seferovic, Karin van Spandonck-Zwarts, Amam Mbakwem, Michael Böhm, Frederic Mouquet, Burkert Pieske, Roger Hall, Piotre Ponikowski, Johann Bauersachs
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to describe disease presentation, co-morbidities, diagnosis and initial therapeutic management of patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) living in countries belonging to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) vs. non-ESC countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 500 patients with PPCM entered by 31 March 2016, we report on data of the first 411 patients with completed case record forms (from 43 countries) entered into this ongoing registry...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
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