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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430756/does-pregnancy-influence-melanoma-prognosis-a-meta-analysis
#1
Athanassios Kyrgidis, Aimilios Lallas, Elvira Moscarella, Caterina Longo, Roberto Alfano, Giuseppe Argenziano
The literature has not been able to conclude whether pregnancy influences the prognosis of melanoma. The aim of this study was to explore the prognosis of melanoma diagnosed during pregnancy or post partum [pregnancy-associated melanoma (PAM)] compared with melanoma in female patients who were not pregnant. We systematically searched for studies of female patients with melanoma that reported outcomes related to survival. Fifteen eligible studies were found. Overall, PAM was associated with a 17% higher mortality compared with melanoma diagnosed in female patients who were not pregnant (hazard ratio=1...
April 20, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429514/maternal-metabolic-adaptations-to-pregnancy-among-young-women-in-cebu-philippines
#2
Ruby L Fried, Nanette L Mayol, Thom W McDade, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: Evidence that fetal development has long-term impacts on health has increased interest in maternal-fetal nutrient exchange. Although maternal metabolism is known to change during gestation to accommodate fetal nutrient demands, little is known about these modifications outside of a Western, clinical context. This study characterizes maternal metabolic adaptations to pregnancy, and their associations with offspring birth weight (BW), among women living in the Philippines. METHODS: Fasting glucose, triglycerides, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin were assessed in 808 participants in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines)...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425124/is-pyridoxine-effective-and-safe-for-post-partum-lactation-inhibition-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
D AlSaad, A Awaisu, S Elsalem, P V Abdulrouf, B Thomas, M AlHail
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that pyridoxine has an antilactogenic effect. Studies of the efficacy of pyridoxine in suppressing lactation have reported conflicting results. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of high-dose pyridoxine in post-partum lactation inhibition. METHODS: This systematic review included published trials that compared the efficacy and/or safety of pyridoxine to placebo or to other pharmacological agents for the inhibition of post-partum lactation...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424314/muscle-biochemistry-of-a-pelagic-delphinid-stenella-longirostris-longirostris-insight-into-fishery-induced-separation-of-mothers-and-calves
#4
Shawn R Noren, Kristi West
The length of time required for postnatal maturation of the locomotor muscle (longissimus dorsi) biochemistry [myoglobin (Mb) content and buffering capacity] in marine mammals typically varies with nursing duration, but it can be accelerated by species-specific behavioral demands, such as deep-diving and sub-ice transit. We examined how the swimming demands of a pelagic lifestyle influence postnatal maturation of Mb and buffering capacity in spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris longirostris). Mb content of newborn (1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423981/post-partum-follow-up-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-effectiveness-determinants-and-barriers
#5
Saleha Aziz, Tazeen Fatima Munim, Syeda Sadia Fatima
BACKGROUND: Despite the recommendations for postpartum blood glucose monitoring post gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); scientific evidence reveals that these recommendations may not be fully complied to. This study aimed to follow-up women up to two years post-delivery with pregnancies complicated by GDM and healthy controls to assess this fact. METHODS: Women with GDM (n = 78) and normal glucose tolerant (n = 89) delivered in 2014 were followed up for two years...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422356/bilateral-femoral-neck-fractures-resulting-from-pregnancy-associated-osteoporosis-showed-bone-marrow-edema-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Kyoko Kasahara, Nobuyuki Kita, Taku Kawasaki, Shinsuke Morisaki, Hiroko Yomo, Takashi Murakami
Femoral neck fractures resulting from pregnancy-associated osteoporosis is a rare condition. Herein, we report an undoubted case of pregnancy-associated osteoporosis in a 38-year-old primiparous patient with pre-existing anorexia nervosa who suffered bilateral femoral neck fractures in the third trimester and early post-partum period. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed femoral neck fractures as well as diffuse marrow edema involving both femoral heads, which are considered under ordinary circumstances as characteristic imaging findings of transient osteoporosis of the hip...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420911/comparison-of-foeto-maternal-outcome-in-pregnant-women-with-hepatitis-e-a-review-of-12-years
#7
Tahira Naru, Farheen Yousuf, Ayesha Malik, Sumaira Naz, Humera Ismail
OBJECTIVE: To compare adverse maternal and foetal outcome in pregnant women with hepatitis E immunoglobulin M reactive versus non-reactive. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised records of pregnant patients at any gestational age with clinical and biochemical evidence of hepatitis E from January 2002 and December 2014. . Maternal and perinatal outcome of the subjects were analysed. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419277/prevention-of-tb-using-rifampicin-plus-isoniazid-reduces-nevirapine-concentrations-in-hiv-exposed-infants
#8
Helen McIlleron, Paolo Denti, Silvia Cohn, Fildah Mashabela, Jennifer D Hoffmann, Saba Shembe, Regina Msandiwa, Lubbe Wiesner, Sithembiso Velaphi, Sanjay G Lala, Richard E Chaisson, Neil Martinson, Kelly E Dooley
Background: Newborns of HIV-infected mothers are given daily doses of nevirapine to prevent HIV-1 acquisition. Infants born to mothers with TB should also receive TB preventive therapy. TB preventive regimens include isoniazid for 6 months or rifampicin plus isoniazid for 3 months (RH preventive therapy). The effect of concomitant RH preventive therapy on nevirapine concentrations in infants is unknown. Patients and methods: Tshepiso was a prospective case-control cohort study of pregnant HIV-infected women with and without TB whose newborn infants received standard doses of nevirapine for HIV prophylaxis...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416051/-mirror-syndrome-is-a-rare-complication-in-pregnancy-characterized-by-oedema-and-hydrops-fetalis
#9
Signe Eiland, Eleonora Cvetanovska, Anne Høyrup Bjerre, Henrik Nyholm, Karin Sundberg, Lone Nikoline Nørgaard
We describe a case of mirror syndrome. A 41-year-old woman, para 4, was referred to hospital at 32 weeks of gestational age with excessive oedema. She developed oliguria, mild hypertension and proteinuria. Fetal ultrasound confirmed severe hydrops fetalis. Intrauterine pleural drainage was performed without improvement of the condition. Since maternal symptoms worsened, a caesarean section was performed at 34 weeks with delivery of a live hydropic girl who died after 17 hours. Maternal symptoms decreased four days after delivery with full recovery two weeks post-partum...
April 10, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414682/a-left-main-coronary-artery-thrombus-presenting-as-a-non-st-elevation-mi
#10
U Ezema, D Daberkow, T Delord, L Guidry, N R Sells
INTRODUCTION: Left main coronary artery (LMCA); thrombus with an acute myocardial infarction identified with coronary angiography is a clinically rare condition with an extremely high mortality rate. We present a case of LMCA thrombus that presented as a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI);. CASE: A 45-year-old woman with a history of tobacco use and hyperlipidemia presented with a complaint of 10/10 "hard pain" across her chest radiating to her left shoulder and breast which woke her from sleep...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411530/the-influence-of-intrapartum-opioid-use-on-breastfeeding-experience-at-6-weeks-post-partum-a-secondary-analysis
#11
Julie-Anne Fleet, Meril Jones, Ingrid Belan
OBJECTIVE: To examine breastfeeding experiences up to 6 weeks postpartum for mothers administered intranasal fentanyl, subcutaneous fentanyl or intramuscular pethidine for intrapartum analgesia. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was undertaken using the per-protocol dataset to examine the third phase of a larger randomised controlled trial. This phase of the study examined breastfeeding intention and experience from the first hour of birth to 6 weeks postpartum. Medical records were audited and women were contacted at 6 weeks postpartum to complete a telephone questionnaire...
April 3, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407452/uptake-and-performance-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-and-early-infant-diagnosis-in-pregnant-hiv-infected-women-and-their-exposed-infants-at-seven-health-centres-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#12
Marshet Girma, Rahel Wendaferash, Hailu Shibru, Yemane Berhane, Michael Hoelscher, Arne Kroidl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the uptake of WHO-recommended PMTCT procedures in Ethiopia's health services. METHODS: Prospective observational study of HIV-positive pregnant mothers and their newborns attending PMTCT services at seven health centres in Addis Ababa. Women were recruited during antenatal care and followed-up with their newborns at delivery, day 6 and week 6 postpartum. Retention to PMCTC procedures, self-reported ART adherence, and HIV infant outcome were assessed...
April 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406596/improving-early-identification-of-hiv-infected-neonates-with-birth-pcr-testing-in-a-large-urban-hospital-in-johannesburg-south-africa-successes-and-challenges
#13
Karl-Günter Technau, Louise Kuhn, Ashraf Coovadia, Sergio Carmona, Gayle Sherman
INTRODUCTION: Timely diagnosis is necessary to avert early death in HIV-infected neonates. Birth PCR testing may improve early identification and facilitate access to care. We implemented a birth HIV diagnosis programme in Johannesburg, South Africa and present successes and challenges of the first two and a half years of operation. METHODS: Between June 2014 and December 2016, we sought to identify all HIV-exposed births and offer newborn HIV PCR testing before discharge after delivery...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406532/endometrial-gene-expression-in-primiparous-dairy-cows-at-the-end-of-the-voluntary-waiting-period-is-affected-by-nutrition-total-mixed-ration-vs-increasing-levels-of-herbage-allowance
#14
A L Astessiano, M Carriquiry, D A Mattiauda, M L Adrien, P Chilibroste, A Meikle
The study postulated that differential nutritional management during the early lactation period would be reflected in endometrial expression of genes related to embryo growth at the end of the voluntary waiting period. Thus, the effect of the combined use of total mixed ration (TMR) and grazing under different herbage allowances during the first 75 days post-partum (DPP) on endometrial gene expression was evaluated in primiparous dairy cows. Cows were blocked by body weight, age and body condition score and randomly assigned to three grazing treatments: high (HA, 30 kg DM per cow per day), medium (MA, 15 kg DM per cow per day) and low (LA, 7...
April 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406353/the-effect-of-the-mindfulness-based-transition-to-motherhood-programme-in-pregnant-women-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#15
Oznur Korukcu, Kamile Kukulu
The purpose of the researchers is to determine the effect of a mindfulness programme on readiness for motherhood, the level of maternal attachment, and on post-partum self-evaluation. We used the quasi-experimental design. Researchers applied the mindfulness-based Transition to Motherhood programme to the treatment group for seven days. Data was collected between December 2012 and June 2014 in Turkey. At the end of the study, the treatment group showed improvement in measures of acceptance of pregnancy, level of readiness to give birth, the level of maternal attachment and the level of competence in the role of motherhood...
April 13, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405125/panicker-s-vacuum-suction-haemostatic-device-for-treating-post-partum-haemorrhage
#16
REVIEW
T N Vasudeva Panicker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403868/the-use-of-viscoelastic-haemostatic-assays-in-goal-directing-treatment-with-allogeneic-blood-products-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mathilde Fahrendorff, Roberto S Oliveri, Pär I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Management of the critically bleeding patient can be encountered in many medical and surgical settings. Common for these patients is a high risk of dying from exsanguination secondary to developing coagulopathy. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to systematically review and assess randomised controlled trials (RCTs) performed on patients in acute need for blood transfusions due to bleeding to evaluate the effect of viscoelastic haemostatic assay (VHA) guidance on bleeding, transfusion requirements and mortality...
April 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403813/beliefs-and-practices-during-pregnancy-post-partum-and-in-the-first-days-of-an-infant-s-life-in-rural-cambodia
#18
Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P J Day, Michael Parker, Patricia Kingori
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant's life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine beneficial community interventions to improve early neonatal health. METHODS: Qualitative study design with data generated from semi structured interviews (SSI) and focus group discussions (FGD). Data were analysed by thematic content analysis, with an a priori coding structure developed using available relevant literature...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403314/implementation-of-care-practices-to-prevent-and-repair-perineal-trauma-in-childbirth
#19
Rafael Cleison Silva Dos Santos, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
Objective: To implement care practices for perineal trauma prevention and repairing in normal birth. Method: Quasi-experimental study conducted at Hospital da Mulher Mãe-Luzia, in Macapá, AP, Brazil. Seventy-four (74) nurses and obstetricians and 70 post-partum women were interviewed and the records of 555 patients were analyzed. The study was conducted in three stages: pre-audit and baseline audit (phase 1); educational intervention and implementation of best practices (phase 2); post-implementation audit (phase 3)...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402512/defective-trophoblast-invasion-underlies-fetal-growth-restriction-and-pre-eclampsia-like-symptoms-in-the-stroke-prone-spontaneously-hypertensive-rat
#20
G Barrientos, M Pussetto, M Rose, A C Staff, S M Blois, J E Toblli
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of chronic hypertension on placental development, fetal growth and maternal outcome in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: SHRSP showed an impaired remodeling of the spiral arteries and abnormal pattern of trophoblast invasion during placentation, which were associated with subsequent maternal glomerular injury and increased baseline hypertension as well as placental insufficiency and asymmetric fetal growth restriction...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
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