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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806742/dissociating-maternal-responses-to-sad-and-happy-facial-expressions-of-their-own-child-an-fmri-study
#1
Dorothea Kluczniok, Catherine Hindi Attar, Jenny Stein, Sina Poppinga, Thomas Fydrich, Charlotte Jaite, Viola Kappel, Romuald Brunner, Sabine C Herpertz, Katja Boedeker, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Maternal sensitive behavior depends on recognizing one's own child's affective states. The present study investigated distinct and overlapping neural responses of mothers to sad and happy facial expressions of their own child (in comparison to facial expressions of an unfamiliar child). METHODS: We used functional MRI to measure dissociable and overlapping activation patterns in 27 healthy mothers in response to happy, neutral and sad facial expressions of their own school-aged child and a gender- and age-matched unfamiliar child...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805987/the-case-for-empathy-researchers-differ-on-the-finer-points-but-largely-agree-that-stronger-skills-in-empathy-are-needed-for-effective-patient-care
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805438/situational-and-structural-variation-in-youth-perceptions-of-maternal-guilt-induction
#3
Wendy M Rote, Judith G Smetana
Parental induction of empathy-related guilt plays an important role in children's moral development. However, guilt induction can also be psychologically controlling and detrimental for youth adjustment. This study provided a more nuanced view of parental guilt induction by examining how the nature of a child's misdeed and the structure and content of the parental guilt inductive statement impact children's perceptions of it. Using hypothetical vignettes, this study experimentally examined the impact of the type (domain) of child behavior, highlighted victim, and focus of parental criticism on 156 children's and early and middle adolescents' (age: Ms = 8...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805316/promoting-empathy-using-video-based-teaching
#4
Kieran Sweeney, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Empathy is fundamental to patient-centred care. It has been shown to improve patient satisfaction and therapeutic outcomes. The success of educational interventions in enhancing students' empathy has been mixed, however, and a consensus on the most effective approach is lacking. METHODS: Patients were videoed discussing their hospital experiences and interactions with clinicians. These videos were shown to groups of medical students, who then took part in a facilitated discussion around themes of health care communication and patient experience...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804582/how-do-patients-perceive-and-expect-quality-of-surgery-diagnostics-and-emergency-services-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-an-evidence-of-gap-analysis-from-pakistan
#5
Iram Fatima, Ayesha Humayun, Muhammad Imran Anwar, Adil Iftikhar, Muhammad Aslam, Muhammad Shafiq
OBJECTIVES: Service quality is one of the important gears to appraise services and determine the gray areas that need improvement. In countries with a resource-poor health system, the first step of measuring quality is yet to be taken. This study seeks to inform policy makers in developing contextual service quality models by identifying service quality gaps in tertiary care teaching hospitals using patients' perspective. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using multistage cluster sampling, and a modified version of the SERVQUAL (SERV-service, QUAL-quality) instrument was administered to determine patient's expectations and perceptions...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#6
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803221/reflective-student-narratives-honing-professionalism-and-empathy
#7
Upreet Dhaliwal, Satendra Singh, Navjeevan Singh
The affective domain is not explicitly targeted during medical studies and poor skills in this domain may lead to conflict when dealing with patients. Reflective narratives are said to promote humanitarianism and professional development. We aimed to examine reflective narratives written by medical students in our institution for content relating to ethical and professional Attitude and Behaviour, Communication, respect for Diversity and Disability, and Empathy (the ABCDE paradigm). We were also interested in understanding how far the students enjoyed learning through the writing of narratives and in determining their perceived learning from the exercise...
July 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799961/nurses-perceptions-of-psychosocial-care-and-barriers-to-its-provision-a-qualitative-study
#8
Cassandra Siyun Chen, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Moon Fai Chan, Suk Foon Yap, Wenru Wang, Yanika Kowitlawakul
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care is the culturally sensitive provision of psychological, social, and spiritual care through therapeutic communication. Current evidence suggests that effective psychosocial care improves patients' health outcomes and quality of life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions and experiences in providing psychosocial care to patients and to identify the related barriers and challenges. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design using semistructured, individual, face-to-face interviews was adopted...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799479/mothers-decisions-to-disclose-or-conceal-their-child-s-mental-health-disorder
#9
Kim Eaton, Jeneva L Ohan, Werner G K Stritzke, Hannah M Courtauld, Patrick W Corrigan
Parents of children with mental health disorders are often faced with the dilemma of disclosing or concealing their child's disorder. These decisions have important implications for both child and parent. Our aim is to describe mothers' experiences with the disclosure dilemma; specifically, we describe what is disclosed (or concealed), how, and why, as well as the consequences of these decisions. Data from interviews with 11 mothers of children (aged 5-13 years) with mental health disorders, and a participatory action research group (four mothers) were thematically analyzed...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#10
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796067/factors-associated-with-bystander-behaviors-of-korean-youth-in-school-bullying-situations-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Seung Ae Yang, Dong Hee Kim
The behaviors of bystanders can have important effects on their peers. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial and contextual factors associated with 3 types of bystander behavior (bully followers, outsiders, and defenders of victims) among Korean youth. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 7th and 8th-grade students from 1 middle school in Korea. The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Korean version of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory, and measurements of relationships with friends and teachers, empathy, concerns about being bullied, attitudes toward bullying, and bystander behaviors were all used in the assessment...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795904/evaluation-of-fourth-year-veterinary-students-client-communication-skills-recommendations-for-scaffolded-instruction-and-practice
#12
Brenda J Stevens, April A Kedrowicz
Effective client communication is important for success in veterinary practice. The purpose of this project was to describe one approach to communication training and explore fourth-year veterinary students' communication skills through an evaluation of their interactions with clients during a general practice rotation. Two raters coded 20 random videotaped interactions simultaneously to assess students' communication, including their ability to initiate the session, incorporate open-ended questions, listen reflectively, express empathy, incorporate appropriate nonverbal communication, and attend to organization and sequencing...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795604/-lonely-within-the-mother-an-exploratory-study-of-first-time-mothers-experiences-of-loneliness
#13
Katharine Lee, Konstantina Vasileiou, Julie Barnett
Loneliness is associated with life transitions such as new motherhood, yet there are few studies investigating the issue in this population. Using data from semi-structured interviews and an interpretative phenomenological analysis, this exploratory study sought to understand seven new mothers' experiences of loneliness. Experiences were organised around three themes, reflecting loneliness arising from making unfavourable self-comparisons with perceived mothering 'norms', from reduced social contact and relationships lacking in empathy...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793125/clinical-simulation-with-dramatization-gains-perceived-by-students-and-health-professionals
#14
Elaine Cristina Negri, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Gerson Alves Pereira, Rodrigo Guimarães Dos Santos Almeida, César Eduardo Pedersoli
Objective: to identify in the literature the gains health students and professionals perceive when using clinical simulation with dramatization resources. Method: integrative literature review, using the method proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). A search was undertaken in the following databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793122/scenario-approximation-in-a-phenomenological-study-in-mexico-experience-report
#15
Raúl Fernando Guerrero-Castañeda, Tânia Maria de Oliva Menezes, Ma Guadalupe Ojeda Vargas
Objective: To report our experience using scenario approximation in a phenomenological study of nursing in Mexico. Method: Experience report on scenario approximation to coexist with elderly in order to select the participants of a phenomenological study. Results: During a four-month period in 2016, visits were carried out two groups of elderly individuals where several activities were carried out. Coexistence with the elderly throughout accompaniment in the groups' activities together with joint dialogue allowed selection of those who corresponded to the characteristics of the study objective...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793115/geriatric-care-ways-and-means-of-providing-comfort
#16
Patricia Cruz Pontifice Sousa Valente Ribeiro, Rita Margarida Dourado Marques, Marta Pontifice Ribeiro
Objective: To know the ways and means of comfort perceived by the older adults hospitalized in a medical service. Method: Ethnographic study with a qualitative approach. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 older adults and participant observation of care situations. Results: The ways and means of providing comfort are centered on strategies for promoting care mobilized by nurses and recognized by patients(clarifying/informing, positive interaction/communication, music therapy, touch, smile, unconditional presence, empathy/proximity relationship, integrating the older adult or the family as partner in the care, relief of discomfort through massage/mobilization/therapy) and on particular moments of comfort (the first contact, the moment of personal hygiene, and the visit of the family), which constitute the foundation of care/comfort...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792155/altered-functional-connectivity-of-the-default-mode-network-in-low-empathy-subjects
#17
Seung Jun Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Hyo Eun Kim, Kiwan Han, Bumseok Jeong, Jae Jin Kim, Kee Namkoong, Ji Woong Kim
Empathy is the ability to identify with or make a vicariously experience of another person's feelings or thoughts based on memory and/or self-referential mental simulation. The default mode network in particular is related to self-referential empathy. In order to elucidate the possible neural mechanisms underlying empathy, we investigated the functional connectivity of the default mode network in subjects from a general population. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 19 low-empathy subjects and 18 medium-empathy subjects...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789745/evaluation-of-nurse-empathy-perceived-by-the-standardized-patient-in-simulation-a-french-validation-of-the-jefferson-scale-of-patient-perceptions-of-physician-empathy
#18
Emilie Gosselin, Emilie Paul-Savoie, Stephan Lavoie, Patricia Bourgault
PURPOSE: The aim is to validate a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (F-JSPPPE). METHODS: Twenty-six intensive care nurses took part in a standardized clinical simulation (SCS). For each nurse, a standardized simulated patient completed the F-JSPPPE and three observers filled the French version of the Reynolds Empathy Scale (F-RES). RESULTS: The expert committee concluded that the F-JSPPPE has a good content validity...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774223/age-related-differences-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-self-report-and-performance-based-evidence
#19
Binghai Sun, Zhenbing Luo, Wenwen Zhang, Weijian Li, Xinyu Li
The correlation between age and empathy is not clear, with prior findings yielding mixed and inconsistent results. Here, we distinguished between two aspects of empathy and respectively investigated the effects of age on the affective and cognitive facets of empathy using a self-report measure (interpersonal reactivity index, IRI) and performance-based tasks (viewing films). The results showed that older adults manifested age-related deficits in both trait and state cognitive empathy, with the latter being positively associated with memory...
August 4, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768444/a-swedish-version-of-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-care-measure
#20
K Crosta Ahlforn, E Bojner Horwitz, W Osika
OBJECTIVE: A validated measure to gather patient feedback on physicians' empathy is not available in Swedish. The objective for this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of a Swedish version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure (widely used in English). DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: The CARE measure was translated into Swedish and tested on 554 unselected patients visiting physicians in two primary care clinics in northwestern Stockholm, Sweden...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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