keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Empathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092119/preserved-affective-sharing-but-impaired-decoding-of-contextual-complex-emotions-in-alcohol-dependence
#1
Delphine Grynberg, Pierre Maurage, Jean-Louis Nandrino
BACKGROUND: Prior research has repeatedly shown that alcohol dependence is associated with a large range of impairments in psychological processes, which could lead to interpersonal deficits. Specifically, it has been suggested that these interpersonal difficulties are underpinned by reduced recognition and sharing of others' emotional states. However, this pattern of deficits remains to be clarified. The present study thus aimed to investigate whether alcohol dependence is associated with impaired abilities in decoding contextual complex emotions and with altered sharing of others' emotions...
January 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089310/take-the-heat-a-pilot-study-on-improving-communication-with-angry-families
#2
Nicolas Delacruz, Suzanne Reed, Ansley Splinter, Amy Brown, Stacy Flowers, Nicole Verbeck, Debbie Turpening, John D Mahan
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the utility of an educational program consisting of a workshop based on the Take the HEAT communication strategy, designed specifically for addressing patients who are angry, using a novel tool to evaluate residents' skills in employing this method. METHODS: 33 first-year pediatric and internal medicine-pediatrics residents participated in the study. The workshop presented the Take the HEAT (Hear, Empathize, Apologize, Take action) strategy of communication...
December 19, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081330/experiential-avoidance-empathy-and-anger-related-attitudesin-antisocial-personality-disorder
#3
Kaasım Fatih Yavuz, Oktay Şahin, Sevinç Ulusoy, Okan Ufuk İpek, Erhan Kurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: In prevailing opinion, a strong relation exists between lack of empathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). However, recent data fail to wholly clarify this relation, especially in consideration of empathy dimensions. In this study our aim was to address ASPD and social functionality from a contextual behavioral science viewpoint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted with a sample of 34 individuals with ASPD and 32 healthy individuals as the control group...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080083/the-empathy-impulse-a-multinomial-model-of-intentional-and-unintentional-empathy-for-pain
#4
C Daryl Cameron, Victoria L Spring, Andrew R Todd
Empathy for pain is often described as automatic. Here, we used implicit measurement and multinomial modeling to formally quantify unintentional empathy for pain: empathy that occurs despite intentions to the contrary. We developed the pain identification task (PIT), a sequential priming task wherein participants judge the painfulness of target experiences while trying to avoid the influence of prime experiences. Using multinomial modeling, we distinguished 3 component processes underlying PIT performance: empathy toward target stimuli (Intentional Empathy), empathy toward prime stimuli (Unintentional Empathy), and bias to judge target stimuli as painful (Response Bias)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077965/distinct-profiles-of-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-in-adolescents-associations-with-cognitive-and-affective-empathy
#5
Felix Euler, Célia Steinlin, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: Aggression comprises a heterogeneous set of behavioral patterns that aim to harm and hurt others. Empathy represents a potential mechanism that inhibits aggressive conduct and enhances prosocial behavior. Nevertheless, research results on the relationship between empathy and aggression are mixed. Subtypes of aggressive behavior, such as reactive and proactive aggression might be differently related to empathy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the interrelations of cognitive and affective empathy with reactive and proactive aggression...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076965/predictors-of-burnout-and-health-status-in-samaritans-listening-volunteers
#6
Adeline Roche, Jane Ogden
Samaritan listening volunteers provide emotional support to people in distress or suicidal. Samaritans' has high volunteer turnover, which may be due to burnout. This study evaluated the role of demographic and psychosocial factors in predicting Samaritans listening volunteers' burnout and health status. Samaritans' listening volunteers (n = 216) from seven branches across UK completed an online survey to assess their levels of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment), subjective health status, coping, empathy and social support...
January 11, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076406/the-development-and-validation-of-the-empathy-components-questionnaire-ecq
#7
Laurie Batchelder, Mark Brosnan, Chris Ashwin
Key research suggests that empathy is a multidimensional construct comprising of both cognitive and affective components. More recent theories and research suggest even further factors within these components of empathy, including the ability to empathize with others versus the drive towards empathizing with others. While numerous self-report measures have been developed to examine empathy, none of them currently index all of these wider components together. The aim of the present research was to develop and validate the Empathy Components Questionnaire (ECQ) to measure cognitive and affective components, as well as ability and drive components within each...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075109/patient-centered-communication-basic-skills
#8
M Jawad Hashim
Communication skills needed for patient-centered care include eliciting the patient's agenda with open-ended questions, especially early on; not interrupting the patient; and engaging in focused active listening. Understanding the patient's perspective of the illness and expressing empathy are key features of patient-centered communication. Understanding the patient's perspective entails exploring the patient's feelings, ideas, concerns, and experience regarding the impact of the illness, as well as what the patient expects from the physician...
January 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074570/development-of-the-sbirt-checklist-for-observation-in-real-time-score
#9
Janice A Vendetti, Bonnie G McRee, Frances K Del Boca
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs have been implemented widely in medical settings, with little attention focused on how well providers adhere to evidence-based service delivery in everyday practice. The purposes of this paper were to: (1) introduce a flexible, relatively simple methodology, the SBIRT Checklist for Observation in Real-time (SCORe), to assess adherence to evidence-based practice and provide preliminary evidence supporting its criterion validity; and (2) illustrate the feasibility and potential utility of the SCORe by analyzing observations of providers within four large-scale SBIRT programs in the United States...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#10
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074038/iconic-photographs-and-the-ebb-and-flow-of-empathic-response-to-humanitarian-disasters
#11
Paul Slovic, Daniel Västfjäll, Arvid Erlandsson, Robin Gregory
The power of visual imagery is well known, enshrined in such familiar sayings as "seeing is believing" and "a picture is worth a thousand words." Iconic photos stir our emotions and transform our perspectives about life and the world in which we live. On September 2, 2015, photographs of a young Syrian child, Aylan Kurdi, lying face-down on a Turkish beach, filled the front pages of newspapers worldwide. These images brought much-needed attention to the Syrian war that had resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths and created millions of refugees...
January 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072647/tools-for-practical-psychotherapy-a-transtheoretical-collection-or-interventions-which-have-at-least-worked-for-us
#12
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Regardless of their historical and theoretical roots, strategies, tactics, and techniques used in everyday psychotherapy across diverse theoretical schools contain common factors and methods from other specific psychotherapeutic modalities that contribute substantially to psychotherapy outcomes. Common factors include alliance, empathy, goal consensus/collaboration, positive regard/affirmation, and congruence/genuineness, among others. All therapies also recognize that factors specific to therapists impact treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072586/assessing-the-quality-of-services-provided-in-the-teaching-hospitals-a-case-study-of-iran
#13
Ramin Ravangard, Payam Farhadi, Nasrin Shokrpour, Maryam Niyas, Zahra Sajjadnia
Service quality is the most important factor in the success of health care organizations; because of their vital and important services, even very small errors can be followed by great and irreparable harm and damage. This study aimed to assess the quality of services provided in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2015. This is an applied, cross-sectional, and descriptive-analytical study conducted in 2015 in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences...
January 10, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069095/deficits-in-social-cognition-an-unveiled-signature-of-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, representing the primary cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. Cognitive dysfunction can affect patients at any time during the disease process and might alter the six core functional domains. Social cognition is a multi-component construct that includes the theory of mind, empathy and social perception of emotions from facial, bodily and vocal cues...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068502/-our-time-is-up-a-relational-perspective-on-the-ending-of-a-single-psychotherapy-session
#16
Jerome S Gans
This paper, written from a relational perspective, examines the final minutes of an individual psychotherapy session, and is organized around the topics of boundary negotiation, unwitting self-disclosures, visual challenges, and countertransference. Attending to session-ending material is important because the separation involved lends heightened emotional intensity to the oftensignificant material that appears in the final minutes. This material often serves as a bridge to the psychotherapeutic work to be taken up in subsequent sessions...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067083/-examination-of-psychomotor-development-in-relation-to-social-environmental-factors-in-preterm-children-at-2-years-old
#17
Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The development of children born prematurely is an important aspect in public health, because preterm birth rates are not decreasing with the development of medical sciences. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children related to potentially influencing environmental factors. METHOD: Children born below 2.500 grams at the age of two (n = 75). Psychomotor development, quality of home environment, socio-demographic background were measured...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065848/viewing-socio-affective-stimuli-increases-connectivity-within-an-extended-default-mode-network
#18
Martin Göttlich, Zheng Ye, Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells, Thomas F Münte, Ulrike M Krämer
Empathy is an essential ability for prosocial behavior. Previous imaging studies identified a number of brain regions implicated in affective and cognitive aspects of empathy. In this study, we investigated the neural correlates of empathy from a network perspective using graph theory and beta-series correlations. Two independent data sets were acquired using the same paradigm that elicited empathic responses to socio-affective stimuli. One data set was used to define the network nodes and modular structure, the other data set was used to investigate the effects of emotional versus neutral stimuli on network connectivity...
January 5, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062944/what-pauline-doesn-t-know-using-guided-fiction-writing-to-educate-health-professionals-about-cultural-competence
#19
Lise Saffran
Research linking reading literary fiction to empathy supports health humanities programs in which reflective writing accompanies close readings of texts, both to explore principles of storytelling (narrative arc and concrete language) and to promote an examination of biases in care. Little attention has been paid to the possible contribution of guided fiction-writing in health humanities curricula toward enhancing cultural competence among health professionals, both clinical and community-based. Through an analysis of the short story "Pie Dance" by Molly Giles, juxtaposed with descriptions of specific writing exercises, this paper explains how the demands of writing fiction promote cultural competency...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062515/joint-attention-and-brain-functional-connectivity-in-infants-and-toddlers
#20
Adam T Eggebrecht, Jed T Elison, Eric Feczko, Alexandre Todorov, Jason J Wolff, Sridhar Kandala, Chloe M Adams, Abraham Z Snyder, John D Lewis, Annette M Estes, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Kelly N Botteron, Robert C McKinstry, John N Constantino, Alan Evans, Heather C Hazlett, Stephen Dager, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Guido Gerig, Samir Das, Penelope Kostopoulos, Bradley L Schlaggar, Steven E Petersen, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett
Initiating joint attention (IJA), the behavioral instigation of coordinated focus of 2 people on an object, emerges over the first 2 years of life and supports social-communicative functioning related to the healthy development of aspects of language, empathy, and theory of mind. Deficits in IJA provide strong early indicators for autism spectrum disorder, and therapies targeting joint attention have shown tremendous promise. However, the brain systems underlying IJA in early childhood are poorly understood, due in part to significant methodological challenges in imaging localized brain function that supports social behaviors during the first 2 years of life...
January 6, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
keyword
keyword
1331
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"