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Jochen Steppan, Dan E Berkowitz, Daniel Nyhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0366-6999.213967].
March 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Jun Kobayashi, Isamu Murata
Crush syndrome is characterized by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). The protective effect of nitrite on experimentally induced IRI has been demonstrated in the heart, kidney, liver, and skeletal muscle. IRI in tissues and systemic organs occurs due to the massive generation of reactive oxygen species and subsequent systemic inflammation. Therefore, ischemic pre and postconditioning are performed in clinical practice. Intravenous administration of nitrite inhibits IRI through nitric oxide-mediated mechanisms...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Hong Yu, Qi Li, Chan Chen, Tao Li, Ji-Yue Xiong, Zhen Qin, Ming Luo, Zhao-Xia Tan, Ting Liu, Hui Yu, Xiao-Rong Yin, Hai Yu, Rong-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of intralipid postconditioning (ILPC) on myocardial damage in patients undergoing valve replacement surgery with concomitant radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Randomized patient and assessor-blind controlled trial conducted in adult patients undergoing valve replacement surgery with concomitant RFA. Sixty-nine patients were randomly assigned to ILPC group (n = 34) or control group (n = 35): ILPC group received an intravenous infusion of 20% intralipid (2 mL/kg) just 10 minutes before aortic cross-unclamping, and control group received an equivalent volume of normal saline...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bangming Cao, Chi Zhang, Haipeng Wang, Ming Xia, Xiangjun Yang
Background: Whether upper arm remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) exerts protection to kidney in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) remains unknown. Methods: Sixty-four patients with STEMI were randomized to PPCI + RIPostC (n=29) and PPCI (n=35) groups. RIPostC consisting of 4 cycles of 5 minutes occlusion/reperfusion by cuff inflation/deflation of the upper arm was started within 1 minute after the first balloon dilatation...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Hans Erik Botker, Thomas Ravn Lassen, Nichlas Riise Jespersen
Rapid admission and acute interventional treatment combined with modern antithrombotic pharmacologic therapy have improved outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The next major target to further improve outcome, seems to be ischemia reperfusion injury, which may contribute significantly to the final infarct size and hence mortality and post-infarction heart failure. Mechanical conditioning strategies including local and remote ischemic pre-, per- and postconditioning have demonstrated consistent cardioprotective capacities in experimental models of acute IR injury...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Baohui Lou, Yadong Cui, Haiyang Gao, Min Chen
In this meta-analysis, we assessed cardiac magnetic resonance imaging data to determine the effects of local and remote ischemic postconditioning (LPoC and RPoC, respectively) on structural pathology in ST-segmentel elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). We searched the Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases up to May 2017 and included 12 randomized controlled trials (10 LPoC and 2 RPoC)containing 1069 study subjects with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade 0~1. Weighed mean difference (WMD), standardized mean difference (SMD), and odds ratio (OR) were used for the pooled analysis...
January 30, 2018: Oncotarget
Gangling Chen, Mrugesh Thakkar, Christopher Robinson, Sylvain Doré
Novel and innovative approaches are essential in developing new treatments and improving clinical outcomes in patients with ischemic stroke. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a series of mechanical interruptions in blood flow of a distal organ, following end organ reperfusion, shown to significantly reduce infarct size through inhibition of oxidation and inflammation. Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is what ultimately leads to the irreversible brain damage and clinical picture seen in stroke patients. There have been several reports and reviews about the potential of RIC in acute ischemic stroke; however, the focus here is a comprehensive look at the differences in the three types of RIC (remote pre-, per-, and postconditioning)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Mónica Miró, Leandre Farran, Fernando Estremiana, Jordi Miquel, Elena Escalante, Humberto Aranda, Carla Bettonica, Maica Galán
INTRODUCTION: Oesophageal reconstruction by gastroplasty with cervical anastomosis has a higher incidence of dehiscence. The aim of the study is to analyse the incidence of anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing gastroplasty with cervical anastomosis following angiographic ischaemic conditioning of the gastric conduit. METHODS: Prospective analysis of patients who underwent gastric conditioning two weeks prior to oesophageal reconstruction, from January 2001 to January 2014...
February 16, 2018: Cirugía Española
Bangming Cao, Haipeng Wang, Chi Zhang, Ming Xia, Xiangjun Yang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPC) of the upper arm on protection from cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty patients with STEMI were randomized into two groups: primary PCI (N=44) and primary PCI+RIPC (N=36). RIPC consisted of four cycles of 5 minutes of occlusion and five minutes of reperfusion by cuff inflation and deflation of the upper arm, commencing within one minute of the first PCI balloon dilatation...
February 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Hao Guo, Lei Zhao, Bodong Wang, Xia Li, Hao Bai, Haixiao Liu, Liang Yue, Wei Guo, Zhenyuan Bian, Li Gao, Dayun Feng, Yan Qu
Remote limb ischemic postconditioning (RIPoC) is a promising adjunct treatment for cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated yet. The present study aims to investigate potential involvement and regulatory mechanisms of autophagy in RIPoC treatment against cerebral IR injury in mice. Mice were subjected to 2 h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) then treated with vehicle, 3-methyladenine (3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor), or compound C (an AMPK inhibitor) at the onset of reperfusion...
February 13, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Xiaorong Yang, Liang-Jun Yan
We previously reported that 5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (MICA) could induce preconditioning effect in the ischemic brain of rat. In the present study, we addressed the question of whether MICA could also trigger a postconditioning effect in ischemic stroke. To this end, MICA (100mgkg body weight) was injected intraperitoneally at the onset of 24 h reperfusion following 1 h ischemia in rat brain. Results indicate that stroked animals treated with MICA showed less brain infarction volume than that of vehicle-treated animals...
February 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Feyzizadeh Saeid, Javadi Aniseh, Badalzadeh Reza, Vafaee S Manouchehr
Ischaemic heart diseases are one of the major causes of death in the world. In most patients, ischaemic heart disease is coincident with other risk factors such as diabetes. Patients with diabetes are more prone to cardiac ischaemic dysfunctions including ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Ischaemic preconditioning, postconditioning and remote conditionings are reliable interventions to protect the myocardium against ischaemia-reperfusion injuries through activating various signaling pathways and intracellular mediators...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Sandra Frankenreiter, Dieter Groneberg, Anna Kuret, Thomas Krieg, Peter Ruth, Andreas Friebe, Robert Lukowski
Aims: It has been suggested that the nitric oxide-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC)/cGMP-dependent signaling pathway affords protection against cardiac damage during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It is, however, not clear whether the NO-GC/cGMP system confers its favorable effects through a mechanism located in cardiomyocytes (CMs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the infarct-limiting effects of the endogenous NO-GC in CMs in vivo. Methods and Results: Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury was evaluated in mice with a cardiomyocyte-specific deletion of NO-GC (CM NO-GC KO) and in control siblings (CM NO-GC CTR) subjected to an in vivo model of AMI...
February 9, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Jian-Hui Li, Jun-Jun Jia, Wen Shen, Sha-Sha Chen, Li Jiang, Hai-Yang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shu-Sen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) causes postoperative complications and influences the outcome of the patients undergoing liver surgery and transplantation. Postconditioning (PostC) is a known manual conditioning to decrease the hepatic IRI. Here we aimed to optimize the applicable PostC protocols and investigate the potential protective mechanism. METHODS: Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: the sham group (n = 5), standard orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT, n = 5), PostC group (OLT followed by clamping and re-opening the portal vein for different time intervals, n = 20)...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Yanqun Chang, Qingqing Deng, Xiaomao Cheng, Xingang Luo, Jing Zhang, Xiaoyuan Tang
RATIONALE: Mild hypoxia conditioning induced by repeated episodes of transient ischemia is a clinically applicable method for protecting the brain against injury after hypoxia-ischemic brain damage. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of repeated mild hypoxia postconditioning on brain damage and long-term neural functional recovery after hypoxia-ischemic brain damage. METHODS: and Results Rats received different protocols of repeated mild hypoxia postconditioning...
February 6, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Qiming Duan, Yunhui Xu, Pauline V Marck, Jennifer Kalisz, Eric E Morgan, Sandrine V Pierre
Ouabain preconditioning (OPC) initiated by low concentrations of the cardiac glycoside (CG) ouabain binding to Na/K-ATPase is relayed by a unique intracellular signaling and protects cardiac myocytes against ischemia/reperfusion injury. To explore more clinically applicable protocols based on CG properties, we tested whether the FDA-approved CG digoxin could trigger cardioprotective effects comparable with those of ouabain using PC, preconditioning and PostC, postconditioning protocols in the Langendorff-perfused mouse heart subjected to global ischemia and reperfusion...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Caio Maximino, Daniele L Meinerz, Barbara D Fontana, Nathana J Mezzomo, Flavia V Stefanello, Alessandro de S Prestes, Cibele B Batista, Maribel A Rubin, Nilda V Barbosa, João Batista T Rocha, Monica G Lima, Denis B Rosemberg
Anxiety, trauma- and stressor-related disorders are severe psychiatric conditions that affect human population worldwide. Given their genetic tractability, evolutionarily conserved neurotransmitter systems, and extensive behavioral repertoire, zebrafish have become an emergent model organism in translational neuroscience. Here, we investigate whether a single exposure to conspecific alarm substance (CAS) produces fear conditioning in zebrafish using a conditioned place aversion (CPA) paradigm, as well as the persistence of aversive responses at different time intervals...
February 2, 2018: Behavioural Processes
Fawzi Babiker, Aisha Al-Kouh, Narayana Kilarkaje
Disrupting role of lead toxicity in heart functions and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases is not well known. This study investigated the interference of lead in heart functions and pacing postconditioning-mediated protection to the heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury. Lead exposure decreased the body weight and increased the heart weight in male rats (p < 0.001). Long-term lead exposure (45 days exposure to lead) increased total oxidant levels (p < 0.001) in the heart. Furthermore, lead exposure abrogated the pacing postconditioning-mediated protection from ischemia-reperfusion injury...
February 5, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
Dan Liang, Xi-Biao He, Zheng Wang, Ce Li, Bei-Yao Gao, Jun-Fa Wu, Yu-Long Bai
AIMS: Remote ischemic conditionings, such as pre- and per-conditioning, are known to provide cardioprotection in animal models of ischemia. However, little is known about the neuroprotection effect of postconditioning after cerebral ischemia. In this study, we aim to evaluate the motor function rescuing effect of remote limb ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) in a rat model of acute cerebral stroke. METHODS: Left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was performed to generate the rat model of ischemic stroke, followed by daily RIPostC treatment for maximum 21 days...
February 4, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
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