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Compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716928/support-for-redistribution-is-shaped-by-compassion-envy-and-self-interest-but-not-a-taste-for-fairness
#1
Daniel Sznycer, Maria Florencia Lopez Seal, Aaron Sell, Julian Lim, Roni Porat, Shaul Shalvi, Eran Halperin, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
Why do people support economic redistribution? Hypotheses include inequity aversion, a moral sense that inequality is intrinsically unfair, and cultural explanations such as exposure to and assimilation of culturally transmitted ideologies. However, humans have been interacting with worse-off and better-off individuals over evolutionary time, and our motivational systems may have been naturally selected to navigate the opportunities and challenges posed by such recurrent interactions. We hypothesize that modern redistribution is perceived as an ancestral scene involving three notional players: the needy other, the better-off other, and the actor herself...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716014/the-comprehensive-post-acute-stroke-services-compass-study-design-and-methods-for-a-cluster-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#2
Pamela W Duncan, Cheryl D Bushnell, Wayne D Rosamond, Sara B Jones Berkeley, Sabina B Gesell, Ralph B D'Agostino, Walter T Ambrosius, Blair Barton-Percival, Janet Prvu Bettger, Sylvia W Coleman, Doyle M Cummings, Janet K Freburger, Jacqueline Halladay, Anna M Johnson, Anna M Kucharska-Newton, Gladys Lundy-Lamm, Barbara J Lutz, Laurie H Mettam, Amy M Pastva, Mysha E Sissine, Betsy Vetter
BACKGROUND: Patients discharged home after stroke face significant challenges managing residual neurological deficits, secondary prevention, and pre-existing chronic conditions. Post-discharge care is often fragmented leading to increased healthcare costs, readmissions, and sub-optimal utilization of rehabilitation and community services. The COMprehensive Post-Acute Stroke Services (COMPASS) Study is an ongoing cluster-randomized pragmatic trial to assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive, evidence-based, post-acute care model on patient-centered outcomes...
July 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711397/birth-stories-from-south-africa-voices-unheard
#3
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Anna G W Nolte, Annie Temane
BACKGROUND: The manner that birth events unfold can have a lasting impact on women. Giving voice to women's experiences is key in the creation of care that embodies humanistic, family-centred service. AIM: The aim of this research was to describe the experiences of women receiving care during childbirth. METHODS: The design was qualitative and descriptive using thematic analysis to analyse women's birth stories. A purposive sample of women (N=12) who had recently given birth in South Africa was selected...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708744/experiences-of-compassion-fatigue-in-direct-care-nurses-a-qualitative-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Erin Salmond, Margaret Ames, Mary Kamienski, Ann V Watkins, Cheryl Holly
The objective of this qualitative systematic review is to examine available evidence on the experiences of direct care nurses of compassion fatigue (CF) within any nursing specialty or care setting. Specifically, this review will identify evidence on the following.
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708743/strategies-that-reduce-compassion-fatigue-and-increase-compassion-satisfaction-in-nurses-a-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Margaret Ames, Erin Salmond, Cheryl Holly, Mary Kamienski
The objective of this quantitative systematic review is to determine effective strategies to reduce compassion fatigue and improve compassion satisfaction among nurses.
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707631/-in-our-own-words-defining-medical-professionalism-from-a-latin-american-perspective
#6
Klaus Puschel, Paula Repetto, Margarita Bernales, Jorge Barros, Ivan Perez, Linda Snell
BACKGROUND: Latin America has experienced a tremendous growth in a number of medical schools, and there are concerns about their quality of training in critical areas such as professionalism. Medical professionalism is a cultural construct. The aim of the study was to compare published definitions of medical professionalism from Latin American and non-Latin American regions and to design an original and culturally sound definition. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used with three phases...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707484/autoregressive-modeling-of-drift-and-random-error-to-characterize-a-continuous-intravascular-glucose-monitoring-sensor
#7
Tony Zhou, Jennifer L Dickson, J Geoffrey Chase
BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices have been effective in managing diabetes and offer potential benefits for use in the intensive care unit (ICU). Use of CGM devices in the ICU has been limited, primarily due to the higher point accuracy errors over currently used traditional intermittent blood glucose (BG) measures. General models of CGM errors, including drift and random errors, are lacking, but would enable better design of protocols to utilize these devices. This article presents an autoregressive (AR) based modeling method that separately characterizes the drift and random noise of the GlySure CGM sensor (GlySure Limited, Oxfordshire, UK)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700305/the-opioid-crisis-and-the-need-for-compassion-in-pain-management
#8
Mark A Rothstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699835/professional-quality-of-life-of-adult-protective-service-workers
#9
Angela Ghesquiere, Stacey B Plichta, Caitlin McAfee, Geoff Rogers
Adult Protective Services (APS) workers are exposed to substantial occupational hazards and job stress, but these stressors are underdocumented. Therefore, we sought to describe APS workers' work environments and responses to occupational hazards and stressors, including compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress. Survey data were gathered with closed-ended questionnaires administered to APS workers in an urban setting. Virtually all workers (97%) reported exposure to one or more environmental hazards in their work, and 80% reported hazard exposure in past month...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695618/quality-predictors-of-parental-satisfaction-after-birth-of-infants-with-life-limiting-conditions
#10
Charlotte Wool, Victoria J Kain, Joana Mendes, Brian S Carter
AIM: This study examines parental satisfaction with care received in the context of a life-limiting fetal diagnosis and subsequent birth. METHODS: Survey methods were utilized to embed the Quality Indicators (QI) and Parental Satisfaction of Perinatal Palliative Care Instrument in a survey: "The Voice of Parents". RESULTS: The web-based survey had a final sample of N=405 parent responders. Overall, parents reported satisfaction with care (80...
July 11, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694675/changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-after-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Renee J Hill, Lindsey C McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A Coronado
Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University's Osher Center for Integrative Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694253/implementing-the-compassion-intervention-a-model-for-integrated-care-for-people-with-advanced-dementia-towards-the-end-of-life-in-nursing-homes-a-naturalistic-feasibility-study
#12
Kirsten J Moore, Bridget Candy, Sarah Davis, Anna Gola, Jane Harrington, Nuriye Kupeli, Victoria Vickerstaff, Michael King, Gerard Leavey, Irwin Nazareth, Rumana Z Omar, Louise Jones, Elizabeth L Sampson
BACKGROUND: Many people with dementia die in nursing homes, but quality of care may be suboptimal. We developed the theory-driven 'Compassion Intervention' to enhance end-of-life care in advanced dementia. OBJECTIVES: To (1) understand how the Intervention operated in nursing homes in different health economies; (2) collect preliminary outcome data and costs of an interdisciplinary care leader (ICL) to facilitate the Intervention; (3) check the Intervention caused no harm...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692614/keeping-your-compass-pointed-north
#13
Cynthia Blank-Reid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691637/sociodemographic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-adolescents-in-canada-and-guatemala-results-from-the-compass-system
#14
Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Valerie Carson
This study was to compare the levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) between Canadian and Guatemalan adolescents, and to examine associations of sociodemographic variables with PA and screen time among adolescents in Canada and Guatemala. Self-reported, cross-sectional data from students in grades 9-12 who participated in the 2015 COMPASS study (Canada; n = 39,817; mean age = 15.6 years) and COMPASS-Guatemala ( n = 1,221; mean age = 15.1 years) were used. Sociodemographic variables included age, gender, ethnicity (exclusively among Canadians), and weekly money allowance...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689104/-fitspo-or-loveyourself-the-impact-of-fitspiration-and-self-compassion-instagram-images-on-women-s-body-image-self-compassion-and-mood
#15
Amy Slater, Neesha Varsani, Phillippa C Diedrichs
This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women's body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N=160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images...
July 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687433/responsibility-and-compassion-in-prehospital-support-to-survivors-of-suicide-victim-professionals-experiences
#16
Christina Nilsson, Anders Bremer, Karin Blomberg, Mia Svantesson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686512/tracking-patients-in-community-based-palliative-care-through-the-centers-for-medicare-and-medicaid-services-healthcare-innovation-project
#17
Janet Bull, Arif H Kamal, Matthew Harker, Lindsay Bonsignore, John Morris, Lisa Massie, Parampal Singh Bhullar, Mark Hendrix, Deeana Bennett, Don Taylor
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the evidence base for Community Based Palliative Care (CBPC) has shown that it improves patient health outcomes, increases satisfaction, and decreases cost. Minimal data exist comparing points of entry into palliative care and patient transition outcomes. OBJECTIVES: In 2014, Four Seasons Compassion for Life was awarded a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Healthcare Innovation Award to expand an existing CBPC model into additional counties and to propose a new payment approach...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686133/rethinking-compassion-fatigue
#18
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to argue for a revision of the concept of compassion fatigue in light of both its history and psychodynamics. Design/methodology/approach This paper calls into question conventional interpretations of compassion fatigue and the assumptions underlying them. As an alternative, a psychoanalytic interpretation is offered that sheds light on the phenomenon's unconscious and organizational dynamics. This interpretation also aligns with the concept's historical use in media and politics...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685971/self-compassion-moderates-the-predictive-effects-of-implicit-cognitions-on-subjective-well-being
#19
Wendy J Phillips, Donald W Hine, Anthony D G Marks
This study examined whether self-compassion may regulate the effects of implicit cognitions (automatic and preconscious responses) on the subjective well-being of Australian adults (N = 132). As hypothesized, self-compassion moderated the predictive effects of 2 implicit cognitions (positive attention bias and implicit self-esteem) on 2 indicators of subjective well-being (life satisfaction and depressive symptoms). Low implicit self-esteem and weak positive attention bias predicted more depressive symptoms and lower life satisfaction only for participants who were low in self-compassion...
July 6, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685634/compression-for-clinicians-a-compass-for-hearing-aid-fittings
#20
Lorienne M Jenstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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