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Compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926579/cervical-screening-with-primary-hpv-testing-or-cytology-in-a-population-of-women-in-which-those-aged-33-years-or-younger-had-previously-been-offered-hpv-vaccination-results-of-the-compass-pilot-randomised-trial
#1
Karen Canfell, Michael Caruana, Val Gebski, Jessica Darlington-Brown, Stella Heley, Julia Brotherton, Dorota Gertig, Chloe J Jennett, Annabelle Farnsworth, Jeffrey Tan, C David Wrede, Philip E Castle, Marion Saville
BACKGROUND: Using primary human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for cervical screening increases detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplastic lesions and invasive cancer (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ [CIN2+]) compared to cytology, but no evaluation has been conducted in a population previously offered HPV vaccination. We aimed to assess colposcopy referral and CIN2+ detection rates for HPV-screened versus cytology-screened women in Australia's HPV-vaccinated population (by 2014, resident women ≤33 years had been age-eligible for HPV vaccination, with 3-dose uptake across age cohorts being about 50%-77%)...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926501/moral-distress-and-associated-factors-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-multisite-descriptive-study
#2
Lorretta Krautscheid, Deborah A DeMeester, Valorie Orton, Austin Smith, Conor Livingston, Susan M McLennon
AIM: The three study aims were to assess moral distress among senior baccalaureate nursing students, describe ethical dilemmas contributing to their moral distress in practice settings, and identify reasons for inaction when encountering dilemmas. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have linked postlicensure nurses' moral distress to compassion fatigue, frustration, and turnover. Little is known about this phenomenon in students. METHOD: This study employed a descriptive cross-sectional survey design to measure moral distress and reasons for not taking action across three academic sites (N = 267)...
September 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923185/sleep-duration-trends-and-trajectories-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#3
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: Limited Canadian studies have examined youth sleep over time. This study explored sleep duration over recent years among youth, patterns over the course of secondary school, and subgroups at greater risk of sleep deprivation and problematic trajectories. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Secondary school students in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. MEASURES AND ANALYSES: In cross-sectional analyses, student-reported sleep duration was analyzed in three waves of the COMPASS study (Y2: 2013/2014, Y3: 2014/2015, Y4: 2015/2016), and differences by student-level (race/ethnicity, grade, sex) and school-level (urbanicity, median household income) variables were tested in the most recent wave...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922294/health-professionals-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-end-of-life-care
#4
Juan P Linzitto, Gladys Grance
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Palliative care professionals are frequently exposed to stressful and demanding situations in the assistance of patients and their families, therefore research related to their quality of life is a relevant topic to provide evidence on interventions oriented to professional self-care. RECENT FINDINGS: Research about professionals' quality of life is having a profuse development with core concepts being under review. SUMMARY: Currently, burnout syndrome and compassion fatigue are considered relevant determinants of professionals' quality of life...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922007/attachment-based-family-therapy-and-individual-emotion-focused-therapy-for-unresolved-anger-qualitative-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-and-change-processes
#5
Ravit Steinmann, Inbal Gat, Ofir Nir-Gottlieb, Ben Shahar, Gary M Diamond
Twenty-six clients who received 10 sessions of either attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) or individual emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for unresolved anger toward a parent were interviewed 6 months after completing treatment. Interviews were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research approach. Clients in both conditions reported improved relationships with parents, gaining a new perspective of their parent, increased compassion toward parent, less reactivity to anger, feeling cleaned-out, and acquiring new coping strategies...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919155/context-sensitive-regulation-of-pain-and-emotion-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-context-insensitive-avoidance
#6
Ida K Flink, Ester Klein-Strandberg, Steven J Linton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Context insensitivity has been put forward as a potential mechanism explaining the high co-occurrence of pain and emotional distress. In the pain literature, the concept has only been introduced at a theoretical level and an assessment tool for exploring its impact is lacking. In an interpersonal setting, a core aspect of context sensitivity and insensitivity concerns when to disclose and when to avoid expressing pain and related distress. Both context insensitive disclosure and context insensitive avoidance may hamper interpersonal support and fuel the problem...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916581/optimising-impact-and-sustainability-a-qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-complex-intervention-targeted-at-compassionate-care
#7
Jackie Bridges, Carl May, Alison Fuller, Peter Griffiths, Wendy Wigley, Lisa Gould, Hannah Barker, Paula Libberton
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about the degree of compassion in contemporary healthcare, there is a dearth of evidence for health service managers about how to promote compassionate healthcare. This paper reports on the implementation of the Creating Learning Environments for Compassionate Care (CLECC) intervention by four hospital ward nursing teams. CLECC is a workplace educational intervention focused on developing sustainable leadership and work-team practices designed to support team relational capacity and compassionate care delivery...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915973/compassionomics-hypothesis-and-experimental-approach
#8
Stephen Trzeciak, Brian W Roberts, Anthony J Mazzarelli
Recent reports indicate that healthcare is experiencing a compassion crisis - an absence of (or inconsistency in) compassionate patient care. It is currently unclear if, or to what extent, this exerts significant effects on health and healthcare. Experimental data are few, and this represents a critical knowledge gap for all health sciences. We hypothesize that compassionate care is beneficial for patients (better outcomes), healthcare systems and payers (lower costs), and healthcare providers (lower burnout)...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914099/integrating-social-class-and-privilege-in-the-community-medicine-curriculum
#9
Christopher Haymaker, Amber Cadick, Allison Seavey
Social class and privilege are hidden variables that impact the physician-patient relationship and health outcomes. This article presents a sample of activities from three programs utilized in the community health curriculum to teach resident physicians about patients within context, including how social class and privilege impact physician-patient relationships and patient health. These activities address resident physicians' resistance to discussion of privilege, social class, and race by emphasizing direct experience and active learning rather than traditional didactic sessions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912470/the-sensitivity-of-a-radical-pair-compass-magnetoreceptor-can-be-significantly-amplified-by-radical-scavengers
#10
Daniel R Kattnig, P J Hore
Birds have a remarkable ability to obtain navigational information from the Earth's magnetic field. The primary detection mechanism of this compass sense is uncertain but appears to involve the quantum spin dynamics of radical pairs formed transiently in cryptochrome proteins. We propose here a new version of the current model in which spin-selective recombination of the radical pair is not essential. One of the two radicals is imagined to react with a paramagnetic scavenger via spin-selective electron transfer...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905863/antithrombotic-therapy-compass-points-to-low-dose-rivaroxaban-and-aspirin-for-secondary-prevention
#11
Gregory B Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895112/external-validation-of-the-prognostic-nomogram-compass-for-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#12
Karel Demey, Albert Wolthuis, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Steffen Fieuws, Vincent Vandecaveye, Eric Van Cutsem, André D'Hoore
BACKGROUND: To optimize outcome, selection of patients for cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is critical. Recently, Simkens et al.7 evaluated the peritoneal surface disease severity score (PSDSS) and suggested a new prognostic nomogram, the colorectal peritoneal metastases prognostic surgical score (COMPASS) based on age, peritoneal carcinomatosis index score, locoregional lymph node status, and signet ring cell histology. This COMPASS nomogram had better discriminative ability according to the Harrell c-index than PSDSS (c = 0...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893255/oncologist-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-investigating-time-pressure-at-work-as-a-predictor-and-the-mediating-role-of-work-family-conflict
#13
Sibyl Kleiner, Jean E Wallace
BACKGROUND: Oncologists are at high risk of poor mental health. Prior research has focused on burnout, and has identified heavy workload as a key predictor. Compassion fatigue among physicians has generally received less attention, although medical specialties such as oncology may be especially at risk of compassion fatigue. We contribute to research by identifying predictors of both burnout and compassion fatigue among oncologists. In doing so, we distinguish between quantitative workload (e...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888505/mindfulness-for-novice-pediatric-nurses-smartphone-application-versus-traditional-intervention
#14
Chelsey Morrison Wylde, Nicole E Mahrer, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: The current study compares the effects of a traditionally delivered mindfulness (TDM) intervention to a smartphone delivered mindfulness (SDM) intervention, Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, in a group of novice nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Novice nurses participating in a pediatric nurse residency program were asked to participate in either a TDM or SDM intervention. Participants (N=95) completed self-administered pencil and paper questionnaires measuring mindfulness skills, and risk and protective factors at the start of their residency and three months after entering the program...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887491/the-aging-of-the-social-mind-differential-effects-on-components-of-social-understanding
#15
Andrea M F Reiter, Philipp Kanske, Ben Eppinger, Shu-Chen Li
Research in younger adults dissociates cognitive from affective facets of social information processing, rather than promoting a monolithic view of social intelligence. An influential theory on adult development suggests differential effects of aging on cognitive and affective functions. However, this dissociation has not been directly tested in the social domain. Employing a newly developed naturalistic paradigm that disentangles facets of the social mind within an individual, we show multi-directionality of age-related differences...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887269/which-physicians-behaviors-on-death-pronouncement-affect-family-perceived-physician-compassion-a-randomized-scripted-video-vignette-study
#16
Masanori Mori, Maiko Fujimori, Jun Hamano, Akemi Shirado Naito, Tatsuya Morita
CONTEXT: Although the death of a loved one is a devastating family event, little is known about which behaviors positively affect families' perceptions on death pronouncements. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a compassionate death pronouncement on participant-perceived physician compassion, trust in physicians, and emotions. METHODS: In this randomized, video-vignette study, 92 people (≥50 years) in Tokyo metropolitan area viewed two videos of death pronouncements by an on-call physician with or without compassion-enhanced behaviors, including 5 components: waiting until the families calm themselves down; explaining that the physician has received a sign-out about information of the patient's condition; performing examination respectfully; ascertaining the time of death with a wristwatch (vs...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886675/self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#17
Huaiyu Zhang, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Sara E Pollard, Delishia M Pittman, Dorian A Lamis, Nicole L Fischer, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
Self-compassion is gaining recognition as a resilience factor with implications for positive mental health. This study investigated the role of self-compassion in alleviating the effect of self-criticism on depressive symptoms. Participants were 147 urban, low-income African Americans with a recent suicide attempt. They were administered measures of self-criticism, depressive symptoms, and self-compassion. Results from this cross-sectional investigation showed that self-criticism was positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with self-compassion, and self-compassion was negatively associated with depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885523/debrief-in-emergency-departments-to-improve-compassion-fatigue-and-promote-resiliency
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885522/debrief-in-emergency-departments-to-improve-compassion-fatigue-and-promote-resiliency
#19
Madeline Schmidt, Kristin Haglund
The purpose of this case study was to describe compassion fatigue using one nurse's experience as an example and to present the process of Personal Reflective Debrief as an intervention to prevent compassion fatigue in emergency department (ED) nurses. Debriefing after adverse outcomes using a structured model has been used in health care as a nonthreatening and relatively low-cost way to discuss unanticipated outcomes, identify opportunities for improvement, and heal as a group. There are many methods of debrief tailored to specific timing around events, specific populations of health care workers, and amount of time for debriefing...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881460/endogenous-oxytocin-is-associated-with-the-experience-of-compassion-and-recalled-upbringing-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
Andreas Ebert, Marc-Andreas Edel, Paul Gilbert, Martin Brüne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The role of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is poorly understood. It is particularly unknown how early experiences with caregivers moderate the action of OT in BPD. Here, we examined the association of plasma OT levels in BPD patients with the experience of compassion and recalled parental behavior during childhood. METHODS: Fifty-seven BPD patients and 43 healthy controls participated in the study. OT plasma levels were analyzed by radioimmunoassay...
September 7, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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