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Compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445613/neuronal-distribution-of-tyramine-and-the-tyramine-receptor-amtar1-in-the-honeybee-brain
#1
Markus Thamm, Christina Scholl, Tina Reim, Kornelia Grübel, Karin Möller, Wolfgang Rössler, Ricarda Scheiner
Tyramine is an important neurotransmitter, neuromodulator, and neurohormone in insects. In honeybees, it is assumed to have functions in modulating sensory responsiveness and controlling motor behavior. Tyramine can bind to two characterized receptors in honeybees, both of which are coupled to intracellular cAMP pathways. How tyramine acts on neuronal, cellular and circuit levels is unclear. We investigated the spatial brain expression of the tyramine receptor AmTAR1 using a specific antibody. This antibody detects a membrane protein of the expected molecular weight in Western blot analysis...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441196/losing-our-compassion
#2
Sarah Andela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434315/diflunisal-compassive-use-in-transthyretin-hereditary-amyloid-polyneuropathy-report-of-a-first-spanish-experience
#3
Sebastián Ernesto Azorín, Christopher Elliot Cabib, Josep Maria Campistol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#4
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430569/courage-and-compassion-virtues-in-caring-for-so-called-difficult-patients
#5
Michael Hawking, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
What, if anything, can medical ethics offer to assist in the care of the "difficult" patient? We begin with a discussion of virtue theory and its application to medical ethics. We conceptualize the "difficult" patient as an example of a "moral stress test" that especially challenges the physician's character, requiring the good physician to display the virtues of courage and compassion. We then consider two clinical vignettes to flesh out how these virtues might come into play in the care of "difficult" patients, and we conclude with a brief proposal for how medical educators might cultivate these essential character traits in physicians-in-training...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430534/chronobiological-factors-for-compassion-satisfaction-and-fatigue-among-ambulatory-oncology-caregivers
#6
Daniela Bellicoso, Maureen Trudeau, Margaret I Fitch, Martin R Ralph
Primary caregivers for victims of chronic illness and or trauma experience both positive and negative emotional consequences. These are broadly classified as compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue (CF). Because one of the components of CF, burnout, varies with chronotype and sleep quality, we assessed the influence of chronobiological features on the broader constructs of CS and CF. Responses from primary ambulatory care oncology staff working dayshifts were assessed for potential relationships of chronotype and sleep quality with CS and CF using the professional quality of life scale...
April 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427350/evaluation-of-a-modified-version-of-the-posttraumatic-growth-inventory-short-form
#7
Navjot Kaur, Ben Porter, Cynthia A LeardMann, Laura E Tobin, Hector Lemus, David D Luxton
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth is the positive change resulting from traumatic experiences and is typically assessed with retrospective measures like the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). The PTGI was designed to include reference to a specific traumatic event, making it difficult to implement, without change, in prospective survey studies. Thus, a modified Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form (PTGI-SF) was included in a large prospective study of current and former U.S. military personnel...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426495/biomarkers-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-diseases-looking-for-a-compass
#8
Demetrios Moris, Alexandra K Tsaroucha, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Ioannis S Papanikolaou, Dimitrios Schizas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426395/compassion-fatigue-and-compassion-satisfaction-in-hospice-social-work
#9
Sally B Pelon
As part of the interprofessional team of hospice caregivers, social workers are exposed to multiple stressors, both in their work with dying patients and their families and in functioning as professionals within rapidly changing health care organizations. Ongoing exposure to such stressors prompts concern about the emotional and psychological effect working with people who are dying may have on those who do it. Further, an understanding is needed regarding how hospice social workers interpret the costs and benefits of their work and how they cope with the dying and loss that pervade their everyday work lives...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425898/compliance-with-school-nutrition-policies-in-ontario-and-alberta-an-assessment-of-secondary-school-vending-machine-data-from-the-compass-study
#10
Michelle M Vine, Daniel W Harrington, Alexandra Butler, Karen Patte, Katelyn Godin, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the extent to which a sample of Ontario and Alberta secondary schools are being compliant with their respective provincial nutrition policies, in terms of the food and beverages sold in vending machines. METHODS: This observational study used objective data on drinks and snacks from vending machines, collected over three years of the COMPASS study (2012/2013-2014/2015 school years). Drink (e.g., sugar-containing carbonated/non-carbonated soft drinks, sports drinks, etc...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421951/mindfulness
#11
Toni McIntosh
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The CPD article discussed mindfulness and self-compassion, and how these concepts can improve nurses' well-being and their ability to provide compassionate care.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420563/compassion-mindfulness-and-the-happiness-of-healthcare-workers
#12
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Carlie Nelson
CONTEXT: Decreased well-being of healthcare workers expressed as stress and decreased job satisfaction influences patient safety, patient satisfaction, and cost containment. Self-compassion has garnered recent attention due to its positive association with well-being and happiness. Discovering novel pathways to increase the well-being of healthcare workers is essential. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the influence of self-compassion on employee happiness in healthcare professionals...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416119/the-head-direction-signal-plays-a-functional-role-as-a-neural-compass-during-navigation
#13
William N Butler, Kyle S Smith, Matthijs A A van der Meer, Jeffrey S Taube
The rat limbic system contains head direction (HD) cells that fire according to heading in the horizontal plane, and these cells are thought to provide animals with an internal compass. Previous work has found that HD cell tuning correlates with behavior on navigational tasks, but a direct, causal link between HD cells and navigation has not been demonstrated. Here, we show that pathway-specific optogenetic inhibition of the nucleus prepositus caused HD cells to become directionally unstable under dark conditions without affecting the animals' locomotion...
April 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#14
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#15
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411669/-acting-with-compassion-designing-care-together
#16
Pauline Bégué, Zona Zaric
Making care and compassion a central concern in the hospital, and more widely within the community, is essential. This means reflecting on the existential questioning imposed by illness, on the key role of the nursing function and the need to act with compassion, as well as on the awareness of our common vulnerability and the need to support it.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410972/fostering-resilience-among-mothers-under-stress-authentic%C3%A2-connections-groups-for-medical-professionals
#17
Suniya S Luthar, Alexandria Curlee, Susannah J Tye, Judith C Engelman, Cynthia M Stonnington
BACKGROUND: We report on effects of an intervention to foster resilience among professional women at high risk for stress and burnout: health care providers (physicians, PhD clinicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who are mothers. METHODS: Between February and November 2015, 40 mothers on staff at the Mayo Clinic, Arizona, were assigned randomly to either 1) 12 weekly 1-hour sessions of a structured, relational supportive intervention, the Authentic Connections Groups (n = 21) with protected time to attend sessions or to 2) 12 weekly hours of protected time to be used as desired (controls; n = 19)...
April 7, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410704/resident-doctors-attitudes-toward-tuberculosis-patients
#18
Geeta S Pardeshi, Dileep Kadam, Ajay Chandanwale, Robert Bollinger, Andrea Deluca
BACKGROUND: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. AIMS: To assess the attitudes of resident medical doctors toward TB patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postgraduate resident medical doctors at B.J. Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune in September 2014...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406430/palliative-care-and-the-family-caregiver-trading-mutual-pretense-empathy-for-a-sustained-gaze-compassion
#19
Joy Goldsmith, Sandra L Ragan
In this conceptual piece, we survey the progress of palliative care communication and reflect back on a chapter we wrote a decade ago, which featured the communication concept of mutual pretense, first described by Glaser and Strauss (1965). This work will include an update on family caregivers and their role in cancer caregiving as well as a review of current palliative care communication curriculum available for providers. And finally, we will spotlight the conversation and research going forward on the subject of health literacy for all stakeholders; patients, families, providers, and systems...
April 13, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404828/interaction-of-compass-sensing-and-object-motion-detection-in-the-locust-central-complex
#20
Tobias Bockhorst, Uwe Homberg
Goal-directed behavior is often complicated by unpredictable events, such as the appearance of a predator during directed locomotion. This situation requires adaptive responses like evasive maneuvers followed by subsequent reorientation and course correction. Here we study the possible neural underpinnings of such a situation in an insect, the desert locust. As in other insects, its sense of spatial orientation strongly relies on the central complex, a group of midline brain neuropils. The central complex houses sky compass cells that signal the polarization plane of skylight and thus indicate the animal's steering direction relative to the sun...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
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