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Compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351403/project-on-the-good-physician-further-evidence-for-the-validity-of-a-moral-intuitionist-model-of-virtuous-caring
#1
G Michael Leffel, Ross A Oakes Mueller, Sandra A Ham, Kyle E Karches, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
THEORY: In the Project on the Good Physician, the authors propose a moral intuitionist model of virtuous caring that places the virtues of Mindfulness, Empathic Compassion, and Generosity at the heart of medical character education. HYPOTHESES: Hypothesis 1a: The virtues of Mindfulness, Empathic Compassion, and Generosity will be positively associated with one another (convergent validity). Hypothesis 1b: The virtues of Mindfulness and Empathic Compassion will explain variance in the action-related virtue of Generosity beyond that predicted by Big Five personality traits alone (discriminant validity)...
January 19, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349593/bodimojo-efficacy-of-a-mobile-based-intervention-in-improving-body-image-and-self-compassion-among-adolescents
#2
Rachel F Rodgers, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S Lowy, Debra L Franko
Mobile interventions promoting positive body image are lacking. This study presents a randomized controlled evaluation of BodiMojo, a mobile application (app) intervention grounded in self-compassion to promote positive body image. A sample of 274 adolescents, mean (SD) age = 18.36 (1.34) years, 74% female, were allocated to a control group or used BodiMojo for 6 weeks. Appearance esteem, body image flexibility, appearance comparison, mood, and self-compassion were assessed at baseline, 6, and 12 weeks...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346751/the-brain-compass-a-perspective-on-how-self-motion-updates-the-head-direction-cell-attractor
#3
REVIEW
Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
Head direction cells form an internal compass signaling head azimuth orientation even without visual landmarks. This property is generated by a neuronal ring attractor that is updated using rotation velocity cues. The properties and origin of this velocity drive remain, however, unknown. We propose a quantitative framework whereby this drive represents a multisensory self-motion estimate computed through an internal model that uses sensory prediction errors of vestibular, visual, and somatosensory cues to improve on-line motor drive...
January 17, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346354/compassion-from-a-palliative-care-perspective
#4
Antonio Fernando, Conor Rea, Phillipa J Malpas
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core virtue in medicine and lies at the heart of good medical care. It connects us to each other and reflects our need for relationships with others. AIM: Our aim is to explore how palliative care patients perceive, understand and experience compassion from health professionals, and to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Seven hospice managers in the North Island of New Zealand were contacted and invited to join the study...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346352/compassion-defined-it-s-time-for-doctors-to-step-up
#5
EDITORIAL
Kate Grundy, Amanda Landers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345070/following-one-s-scientific-compass
#7
EDITORIAL
M F Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344459/module-for-interns-in-medical-ethics-a-developmental-diegesis
#8
Rajiv Mahajan, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Tanvir Kaur Sidhu, Upinder Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Vitull Gupta
Background: Media report is rife with incidences of doctor-patients' conflict, and this partly is due to communication gap and unethical practices being adopted by the doctors. Our regular curriculum fails to impart any training in ethical issues in patient care. Imparting training to students in these soft-skills is the need of the hour. Aim and Objectives: To develop a module for interns in medical ethics (MIME) in patient care, validate it and pilot run the module for standardization...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344359/group-schema-therapy-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol
#9
Fiona Calvert, Evelyn Smith, Rob Brockman, Susan Simpson
Background: The treatment of eating disorders is a difficult endeavor, with only a relatively small proportion of clients responding to and completing standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Given the prevalence of co-morbidity and complex personality traits in this population, Schema Therapy has been identified as a potentially viable treatment option. A case series of Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders (ST-E-g) yielded positive findings and the study protocol outlined in this article aims to extend upon these preliminary findings to evaluate group Schema Therapy for eating disorders in a larger sample (n = 40)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339774/erratum-sensory-augmentation-integration-of-an-auditory-compass-signal-into-human-perception-of-space
#10
Frank Schumann, J Kevin O'Regan
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep42197.
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337074/in-situ-clock-shift-reveals-that-the-sun-compass-contributes-to-orientation-in-a-pelagic-seabird
#11
Oliver Padget, Sarah L Bond, Marwa M Kavelaars, Emiel van Loon, Mark Bolton, Annette L Fayet, Martyna Syposz, Stephen Roberts, Tim Guilford
Compass orientation is central to the control of animal movement from the scale of local food-caching movements around a familiar area in parids [1] and corvids [2, 3] to the first autumn vector navigation of songbirds embarking on long-distance migration [4-6]. In the study of diurnal birds, where the homing pigeon, Columba livia, has been the main model, a time-compensated sun compass [7] is central to the two-step map-and-compass process of navigation from unfamiliar places, as well as guiding movement via a representation of familiar area landmarks [8-12]...
January 5, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#12
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328351/mindful-self-compassion-how-it-can-enhance-resilience
#13
EDITORIAL
Mona Shattell, Angela Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324653/surgical-dynamometer-to-simultaneously-measure-the-tension-forces-and-the-distance-between-wound-edges-during-the-closure-of-a-laparotomy
#14
Joan Roca, Miquel Nogués, Rafael Villalobos, María Carmen Mías, Martí Comellas, Cristina Gas, Jorge Juan Olsina
The closure of the abdominal wall after making a laparotomy is a major challenge for surgeons, since a significant percentage of closures fail and incisional hernias rise. The suture has to withstand the forces required to close the incision, while not hindering the adequate wound healing progression. Currently, there is no surgical measuring device that could be used to determine the required closing forces, which can be very different depending on the patient. This paper presents a dynamometer to measure the tension forces to be applied while closing a surgical incision, and it simultaneously measures the distance between wound edges...
January 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321254/surgical-mortality-and-race-as-a-risk-factor-a-compass-not-a-destination
#15
Nia Heard-Garris, Ekene Onwuka, Matthew M Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321240/pigment-dispersing-factor-expressing-neurons-convey-circadian-information-in-the-honey-bee-brain
#16
Katharina Beer, Esther Kolbe, Noa B Kahana, Nadav Yayon, Ron Weiss, Pamela Menegazzi, Guy Bloch, Charlotte Helfrich-Förster
Pigment-Dispersing Factor (PDF) is an important neuropeptide in the brain circadian network of Drosophila and other insects, but its role in bees in which the circadian clock influences complex behaviour is not well understood. We combined high-resolution neuroanatomical characterizations, quantification of PDF levels over the day and brain injections of synthetic PDF peptide to study the role of PDF in the honey bee Apis mellifera We show that PDF co-localizes with the clock protein Period (PER) in a cluster of laterally located neurons and that the widespread arborizations of these PER/PDF neurons are in close vicinity to other PER-positive cells (neurons and glia)...
January 2018: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320417/social-support-religious-endorsement-and-career-commitment-a-study-on-saudi-nurses
#17
Mohammad T Azim, Mazharul M Islam
The present study investigates the effect of perceived social support (PSS) and perceived religious endorsement (PRE) on career commitment (CC) of Saudi nurses. The investigation also extends to the moderating role of different demographic and organizational factors in the extent of PSS, and career commitment these nurses report. Data required for meeting these study objectives were collected from male and female Saudi nurses through a structured questionnaire. Multiple regressions using Partial Least Squares based Structural Equation Model, Smart-PLS version 3...
January 10, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316294/the-effects-of-sun-compass-error-on-spatial-search-by-clark-s-nutcrackers
#18
Debbie M Kelly, Ken Cheng, Russell Balda, Alan C Kamil
Animals employ compasses during navigation, but little attention has been paid to how accuracy is maintained in the face of compass error, inevitable in biological systems. The use of multiple landmarks may minimize the effect of compass error. We allowed Clark's nutcrackers to cache seeds in an outdoor aviary with either one or four landmarks present, and subsequently subjected them to small clock-shifts mimicking the effects of compass error. As predicted, results showed a significant decrease in search accuracy following the clock-shift when one landmark was present but not when four landmarks were present...
January 9, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312833/geo-referencing-bird-window-collisions-for-targeted-mitigation
#19
R Scott Winton, Natalia Ocampo-Peñuela, Nicolette Cagle
Bird collisions with windows are an important conservation concern. Efficient mitigation efforts should prioritize retrofitting sections of glass exhibiting the highest mortality of birds. Most collision studies, however, record location meta-data at a spatial scale too coarse (i.e., compass direction of facing façade) to be useful for large buildings with complex geometries. Through spatial analysis of three seasons of survey data at a large building at a university campus, we found that GPS data were able to identify collision hotspots while compass directions could not...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307554/double-cone-localization-and-seasonal-expression-pattern-suggest-a-role-in-magnetoreception-for-european-robin-cryptochrome-4
#20
Anja Günther, Angelika Einwich, Emil Sjulstok, Regina Feederle, Petra Bolte, Karl-Wilhelm Koch, Ilia A Solov'yov, Henrik Mouritsen
Birds seem to use a light-dependent, radical-pair-based magnetic compass. In vertebrates, cryptochromes are the only class of proteins that form radical pairs upon photo-excitation. Therefore, they are currently the only candidate proteins for light-dependent magnetoreception. Cryptochrome 4 (Cry4) is particularly interesting because it has only been found in vertebrates that use a magnetic compass. However, its structure and localization within the retina has remained unknown. Here, we sequenced night-migratory European robin (Erithacus rubecula) Cry4 from the retina and predicted the currently unresolved structure of the erCry4 protein, which suggests that erCry4 should bind Flavin...
December 27, 2017: Current Biology: CB
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