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Compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813766/extenuating-circumstances-children-of-the-nations-a-capstone-in-humility-compassion-and-patient-care
#1
Elizabeth Hultgren, Elizabeth Helsper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813635/standardization-and-scaling-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-model
#2
Janet Bull, Arif H Kamal, Matthew Harker, Donald H Taylor, Lindsay Bonsignore, John Morris, Lisa Massie, Parampal Singh Bhullar, Mary Howell, Mark Hendrix, Deeana Bennett, Amy Abernethy
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the descriptions of Community-Based Palliative Care (CBPC) demonstrates variability in team structures, eligibility, and standardization across care settings. OBJECTIVE: In 2014, Four Seasons Compassion for Life, a nonprofit hospice and palliative care (PC) organization in Western North Carolina (WNC), was awarded a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation (CMMI) Award to expand upon their existing innovative model to implement, evaluate, and demonstrate CBPC in the United States...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#3
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812375/the-family-caregiver-experience%C3%A2-%C3%A2-examining-the-positive-and-negative-aspects-of-compassion-satisfaction-and-compassion-fatigue-as-caregiving-outcomes
#4
Susan H Lynch, Geoff Shuster, Marie L Lobo
OBJECTIVES: Caregiving results in both positive and negative outcomes for caregivers. The purpose of this study was to examine compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction in family caregivers. METHODS: Using a cross sectional descriptive survey design with a convenience sample, 168 family caregivers of individuals with chronic illness completed a web-based survey. Measures included a demographic questionnaire, Caregiver Burden Interview, Brief COPE inventory and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL)...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810491/the-body-compassion-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#5
Jennifer K Altman, Ken Linfield, Paul G Salmon, Abbie O Beacham
As the newer mindfulness and acceptance-based cognitive behavioral therapies continue to grow, it is important that corresponding valid and reliable assessment tools are developed and evaluated. This article describes the initial development and validation of the body compassion scale. The body compassion scale is a theoretically derived measure designed to bridge the constructs of body image and self-compassion to provide a targeted measure of underlying mindfulness and acceptance-based constructs. Herein, two studies using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and examining subsequent relationships among other health-related constructs in college-age samples are presented...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810473/the-effect-of-self-compassion-on-the-self-regulation-of-health-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#6
David D Biber, Rebecca Ellis
The purpose of this review was to systematically review the published research on the effect of self-compassion interventions on health behaviors. A self-regulation intervention was defined as participants engaged in goal-setting behavior, goal-directed behavior, monitoring, and/or adjusting health behavior. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in this review. Self-compassion interventions were just as effective as other behavior change techniques at improving self-regulation of health behavior...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810444/the-role-of-self-disgust-in-eating-psychopathology-in-overweight-and-obesity-can-self-compassion-be-useful
#7
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This study explores the relationship between self-disgust and eating psychopathology and whether self-compassion plays a mediator role on this relationship. Participants were 203 adults, from both genders, with overweight and obesity ( MBMI = 31.17, standard deviation = 5.43). Women reported higher levels of self-disgust and eating psychopathology and lower levels of self-compassion than men. Path analysis results suggested that the effect of self-disgust on eating psychopathology occurred partially through one's inability to be self-compassionate...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#8
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807499/making-the-hard-decisions-ethical-care-decisions-in-wartime-nursing-practice
#9
Janice Agazio, Petra Goodman
BACKGROUND: Codes of ethics set forth standards of ethical conduct for nurses. However, nurses involved in wartime operations, or disasters, may often have their moral compass challenged by the patient care decisions necessary under adverse conditions. Reverse triage, resource allocation, and promotion of patient autonomy present multiple challenges to meeting commonly applied ethical principles. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use the International Council of Nursing code of ethics as a framework to organize the ethical issues emerging from wartime nursing...
June 30, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805114/lack-of-compassion-or-poor-discretion-ways-of-addressing-malpractice
#10
Bodil Tveit, Anne Raustøl
In this article, our point of departure is the 'compassion crisis' in the National Health Service in the UK and the initiatives introduced in the aftermath of scandals that were intended to strengthen healthcare professionals' ability to show compassion. We look at the two main strategies, which we term the 'recruitment and staff development strategy' and the 'amelioration of the quality systems strategy' and the debate that has arisen related to them. Based on this analysis, we question whether compassion really is a helpful concept to understand the crisis and hence to underpin relevant strategies...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804510/the-nonverbal-communication-of-positive-emotions-an-emotion-family-approach
#11
Disa A Sauter
This review provides an overview of the research on nonverbal expressions of positive emotions, organised into emotion families, that is, clusters sharing common characteristics. Epistemological positive emotions (amusement, relief, awe, and interest) are found to have distinct, recognisable displays via vocal or facial cues, while the agency-approach positive emotions (elation and pride) appear to be associated with recognisable visual, but not auditory, cues. Evidence is less strong for the prosocial emotions (love, compassion, gratitude, and admiration) in any modality other than touch, and there is little support for distinct recognisable signals of the savouring positive emotions (contentment, sensory pleasure, and desire)...
July 2017: Emotion Review: Journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#12
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802198/body-image-in-emerging-adults-the-protective-role-of-self-compassion
#13
Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S Lowy
Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. A sample of 232 youth aged 13-18 years, mean=18.36 (1.5) years, reported on appearance esteem, appearance comparison, perceived weight status, and self-compassion dimensions including self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801978/mindfulness-of-voices-self-compassion-and-secure-attachment-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-hearing-voices
#14
James Dudley, Catrin Eames, John Mulligan, Naomi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Developing compassion towards oneself has been linked to improvement in many areas of psychological well-being, including psychosis. Furthermore, developing a non-judgemental, accepting way of relating to voices is associated with lower levels of distress for people who hear voices. These factors have also been associated with secure attachment. This study explores associations between the constructs of mindfulness of voices, self-compassion, and distress from hearing voices and how secure attachment style related to each of these variables...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800406/a-research-based-mantra-for-compassionate-caring
#15
Louise Terry, Roger Newham, Sinéad Hahessy, Siobhan Atherley, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Karen Ferguson, Graham Carr, S H Cedar
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom introduced the Six C's strategy to help address deficits in approaching nursing care in a compassionate and caring manner. OBJECTIVE: To identify the book, article, poem, film or play that most influenced nurse educators' understanding of care and compassion and to articulate a clearer understanding of compassionate caring. DESIGN: A qualitative study applying discourse analysis to respondents' questionnaires and their nominated narrative...
August 2, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799282/self-compassion-is-associated-with-optimum-self-care-behaviour-medical-outcomes-and-psychological-well-being-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-adults-with-diabetes
#16
M Ferrari, M Dal Cin, M Steele
AIM: To investigate the role of self-compassion in diabetes outcomes, a construct which may be relevant to chronic conditions, given its focus on compassion toward oneself, especially in times of difficulty. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we collected data online from 310 adults diagnosed with diabetes. The questionnaire measured three primary outcomes: self-management behaviours; HbA1c levels and psychological well-being. Potential predictors were also assessed, including self-compassion, locus of control, social support and demographics...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#17
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798714/buffering-impostor-feelings-with-kindness-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion-between-gender-role-orientation-and-the-impostor-phenomenon
#18
Alexandra Patzak, Marlene Kollmayer, Barbara Schober
The impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to high-achievers who underestimate their abilities and thus fear being unmasked as impostors. IP sufferers attribute their success to factors other than their abilities, entailing negative emotions, unfavorable motivations, and reduced well-being. The IP was originally conceptualized as a predominantly female experience, and is thus seen as an important psychological barrier for female academic careers. Empirical findings of gender differences in the IP are equivocal, but sparse research on associations between gender-role orientation and the IP indicates that feminine students suffer more intensely from the IP than masculine students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795825/development-and-validation-of-the-forms-of-self-criticizing-attacking-and-self-reassuring-scale-short-form
#19
Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Hester Trompetter, Peter Ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer
Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243)...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794171/a-study-of-the-relationship-between-resilience-burnout-and-coping-strategies-in-doctors
#20
R Scott McCain, Nicola McKinley, Martin Dempster, W Jeffrey Campbell, Stephen J Kirk
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to measure resilience, coping and professional quality of life in doctors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire in a single National Health Service trust, including both primary and secondary care doctors. RESULTS: 283 doctors were included. Mean resilience was 68.9, higher than population norms. 100 (37%) doctors had high burnout, 194 (72%) doctors had high secondary traumatic stress and 64 (24%) had low compassion satisfaction...
August 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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