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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919199/predictive-factors-associated-with-the-progression-of-large-joint-destruction-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-after-biologic-therapy-a-post-hoc-analysis-using-fdg-pet-ct-and-the-arashi-assessment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-scoring-of-large-joint-destruction
#1
Takahito Suto, Yukio Yonemoto, Koichi Okamura, Chisa Okura, Tetsuya Kaneko, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Masahiro Tachibana, Yoshito Tsushima, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between large joint damage and findings on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) using the "assessment of rheumatoid arthritis by scoring of large joint destruction and healing in radiographic imaging (ARASHI)" scoring system. METHODS: A total of 270 large joints (shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and ankles) in 27 rheumatoid arthritis patients were assessed. FDG-PET/CT was performed at the initiation of biologics...
December 6, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916179/season-s-greetings-a-good-year-for-arthroscopy
#2
EDITORIAL
James H Lubowitz, Jefferson C Brand, Matthew T Provencher, Michael J Rossi
The Arthroscopy journal "Most Read" list evolves over time, and reflects the popularity of knee and shoulder and hip topics, original scientific articles, Letters to the Editor, and Level V Evidence (expert opinion). And, for the holiday season, we share a cruciverbalist challenge.
December 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896292/shoulder-arthroplasty-outcomes-in-patients-with-multiple-reported-drug-allergies-does-number-of-drug-allergies-have-an-effect-on-outcome
#3
Brett D Rosenthal, Michael J Knesek, Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Harry Mai, Matthew D Saltzman
BACKGROUND: The presence of multiple allergies has been correlated with worse outcomes for patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty, but the effect of allergies has not yet been elucidated with respect to shoulder arthroplasty. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study is to identify any discrepancies in shoulder arthroplasty outcomes with respect to reported drug allergies. We hypothesized that patients with multiple drug allergies would have inferior outcomes...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887875/two-stage-revision-for-infected-shoulder-arthroplasty
#5
Daniel B Buchalter, Siddharth A Mahure, Brent Mollon, Stephen Yu, Young W Kwon, Joseph D Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic shoulder infections (PSIs) are challenging to treat and often result in significant patient morbidity. Without a standardized treatment protocol, PSIs are often managed similarly to periprosthetic hip and knee infections. Because 2-stage revision is the gold standard for treating periprosthetic hip and knee infections, we performed a case series and literature review to determine its effectiveness in PSIs. METHODS: We identified 19 patients (14 men) from our institution who were treated with a 2-stage revision after presenting with a PSI...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881628/normative-reference-values-for-strength-and-flexibility-of-1-000-children-and-adults
#6
Marnee J McKay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Paulo Ferreira, Milena Simic, Natalie Vanicek, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. METHODS: A standardized reliable protocol of hand-held and fixed dynamometry for isometric strength of ankle, knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder musculature as well as goniometry for flexibility of the ankle, knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and cervical spine was performed in an observational study investigating 1,000 healthy male and female participants aged 3-101 years...
November 23, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862166/association-between-temporomandibular-disorders-and-pain-in-other-regions-of-the-body
#7
Letícia Ladeira Bonato, Valquiria Quinelato, Patrícia Cataldo de Felipe Cordeiro, Eduardo Branco de Sousa, Ricardo Tesch, Priscila Ladeira Casado
: The pain from temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is often associated on physical symptoms of other chronic pain disorders and comorbidities, such as generalized muscle and joint pain. However, this association is not widely studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of comorbid pain in joints, specifically in the the knees, hips, ankles, shoulders, wrists and elbows, in individuals with and without TMD. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We evaluated 337 patients from a public hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837209/-operative-treatment-in-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-are-more-operations-carried-out-in-germany
#8
P Garcia, C Domnick, G Lodde, M J Raschke
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, when the Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) system was introduced, an increasing number of surgical procedures have been reported in Germany. In particular, the numbers of elective arthroplasty and spinal surgery procedures have been controversial. OBJECTIVES: The focus of this study was analyzing the development of spinal surgery, arthroplasty, and fracture management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the database for all musculoskeletal operating procedure codes (OPS codes 5‑78 to 5‑86) from 2005 to 2013 collected by the German Federal Statistical Office...
November 11, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823805/the-effect-of-emotion-on-movement-smoothness-during-gait-in-healthy-young-adults
#9
Gu Eon Kang, M Melissa Gross
This study aimed to investigate the effect of emotion on movement smoothness during gait. We followed an autobiographical memories paradigm to induce four target emotions, neutral emotion, sadness, anger and joy, in eighteen healthy young adults. Participants performed gait trials while feeling the target emotions. We collected gait data using an eight-camera optoelectronic motion capture system. We measured spatiotemporal gait parameters, smoothness of linear movements for the whole body center-of-mass (COM), head, thorax and pelvis in the anterior-posterior (AP), vertical (VT) and mediolateral (ML) directions, and smoothness of angular movements in the sagittal plane for the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810034/primary-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-talonavicular-joint-a-case-report
#10
Jun-Beom Kim, In-Soo Song, Sang-Yeop Shin, Ja-Yeong Yoon
Synovial chondromatosis developes by metaplasia of the synovial cells in the synovium of joints, and is a benign synovial tumor with multiple cartilaginous nodules. It is most commonly found in single and large joints, such as the knee, hip, and shoulder. Occurrence in the foot and ankle is uncommon, although there have been previous reports in the orthopedic and radiological literature of primary synovial chondromatosis in the subtalr, calcaneocuboid, naviculocuneiform, and metatarsaophalangeal joints. To our knowledge, occurrence in the talonavicular joint is even rarer, with only one report in the literature to date...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782728/automatic-segmentation-of-the-glenohumeral-cartilages-from-magnetic-resonance-images
#11
A Neubert, Z Yang, C Engstrom, Y Xia, M W Strudwick, S S Chandra, J Fripp, S Crozier
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays a key role in investigating early degenerative disorders and traumatic injuries of the glenohumeral cartilages. Subtle morphometric and biochemical changes of potential relevance to clinical diagnosis, treatment planning, and evaluation can be assessed from measurements derived from in vivo MR segmentation of the cartilages. However, segmentation of the glenohumeral cartilages, using approaches spanning manual to automated methods, is technically challenging, due to their thin, curved structure and overlapping intensities of surrounding tissues...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776987/endocrinology-of-aging-from-a-muscle-function-point-of-view-results-from-the-toledo-study-for-healthy-aging
#12
Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Jose Antonio Carnicero, Jose Losa-Reyna, Jesús Tresguerres, Maria Del Carmen Gómez-Cabrera, Carmen Castillo, Ana Alfaro-Acha, Cristina Rosado-Artalejo, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Francisco José García-García
INTRODUCTION: Aging is a process that involves a reduction in muscle strength and anabolic hormone concentrations, which impacts significantly on health. AIM: To study the hormone/total strength (H/TS) ratio as a proxy of anabolic insensitivity status in elders, and its relationship with disability, hospitalization, and mortality risk. DESIGN: A total of 1462 persons aged ≥65 years from the Toledo Study of Healthy Aging participated in this study...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769681/evaluation-of-a-commercial-multiplex-pcr-unyvero-i60-%C3%A2-designed-for-the-diagnosis-of-bone-and-joint-infections-using-prosthetic-joint-sonication
#13
Laura Prieto-Borja, Graciela Rodriguez-Sevilla, Alvaro Auñon, Concepción Pérez-Jorge, Enrique Sandoval, Joaquín Garcia-Cañete, Ignacio Gadea, Ricardo Fernandez-Roblas, Antonio Blanco, Jaime Esteban
BACKGROUND: The development of sonication protocols over the last few years has improved the sensitivity of conventional cultures for the diagnosis of prosthetic-joint infection (PJI). However, the development of a new, specifically designed kit for the molecular diagnosis of PJI could provide a major improvement in this field. METHODS: Prostheses retrieved from patients who underwent implant removal from May 2014 to May 2015 were sent for culture, and processed according to a previously defined protocol that included sonication...
October 18, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754067/os-16-06-risk-factors-for-serious-fall-injuries-following-initiation-of-antihypertensive-medication
#14
Kristi Reynolds, Daichi Shimbo, C Barrett Bowling, Luqin Deng, Adam Bress, John Sim, Paul Muntner
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for serious fall injuries following initiation of antihypertensive medication among older adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a 5% random sample of people with Medicare health insurance, a government program for older US adults. The analysis was restricted to patients with a diagnosis of hypertension who initiated antihypertensive medication between 2007 and 2011. Initiation was defined by the first antihypertensive medication fill in this time period preceded by 365 days with no antihypertensive medication fills...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745737/preoperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-prosthetic-joint-infections-not-a-concern-for-intraoperative-cultures
#15
Daniel Pérez-Prieto, María E Portillo, Lluís Puig-Verdié, Albert Alier, Carlo Gamba, Pau Guirro, Santos Martínez-Díaz, Juan P Horcajada, Andrej Trampuz, Joan C Monllau
BACKGROUND: Culture negative prosthetic joint infections (PJI) still remain an issue even with the advantages of the new diagnostic tools for PJI. This is why some orthopedic surgeons have reservations relative to the use of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis when a PJI is suspected. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis on intraoperative cultures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An enhanced diagnostic protocol for PJI (Zimmerli criteria) was used for the inclusion criteria in order to collect all PJI that were seen in a university hospital...
September 23, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728947/novel-patient-specific-instruments-for-acetabular-preparation-and-cup-placement
#16
Ran Schwarzkopf, Erik Schnaser, Taiki Nozaki, Yasuhito Kaneko, Michael J Gillman
INTRODUCTION: Patient-specific implants and instruments (PSI) have been used in both knee and shoulder replacements due to the perceived benefits of improved surgical accuracy and efficiency. The proposed benefits of using a PSI in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are numerous and include reduction of operative time and improved mechanical and anatomical alignment leading to increased implant longevity, increased stability, and clinical outcomes. We describe a novel patient-specific instrumentation and a surgical method that may improve directed resection of acetabular bone and accurate cup placement during THA...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725798/holding-a-handle-for-balance-during-continuous-postural-perturbations-immediate-and-transitionary-effects-on-whole-body-posture
#17
Jernej Čamernik, Zrinka Potocanac, Luka Peternel, Jan Babič
When balance is exposed to perturbations, hand contacts are often used to assist postural control. We investigated the immediate and the transitionary effects of supportive hand contacts during continuous anteroposterior perturbations of stance by automated waist-pulls. Ten young adults were perturbed for 5 min and required to maintain balance by holding to a stationary, shoulder-high handle and following its removal. Center of pressure (COP) displacement, hip, knee and ankle angles, leg and trunk muscle activity and handle contact forces were acquired...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692433/moderating-effects-of-immunosuppressive-medications-and-risk-factors-for-post-operative-joint-infection-following-total-joint-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-or-osteoarthritis
#18
Elizabeth Salt, Amanda T Wiggins, Mary Kay Rayens, Brent J Morris, David Mannino, Andrew Hoellein, Ryan P Donegan, Leslie J Crofford
OBJECTIVE: Inconclusive findings about infection risks, importantly the use of immunosuppressive medications in patients who have undergone large-joint total joint arthroplasty, challenge efforts to provide evidence-based perioperative total joint arthroplasty recommendations to improve surgical outcomes. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe risk factors for developing a post-operative infection in patients undergoing TJA of a large joint (total hip arthroplasty, total knee arthroplasty, or total shoulder arthroplasty) by identifying clinical and demographic factors, including the use of high-risk medications (i...
August 24, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682659/-current-status-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nurses-in-xinjiang-china
#19
P Yan, F Y Li, Y Yang, Y N Wang, A M Huang, H Yao
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in nurses in Xinjiang, China, to analyze the influencing factors for the development of WMSDs, and to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of WMSDs in nurses. Methods: Stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select 8 422 nurses in 8 tertiary hospitals and 4 secondary hospitals in Xinjiang from January to October, 2015. A questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in nurses from departments of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, emergency, and intensive care and operating rooms and analyze related influencing factors...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676730/multifocal-osteonecrosis-revealing-an-antiphospholipid-syndrome-case-report
#20
Sophie Legrève
OBJECTIVE: Multifocal osteonecrosis is rare. A zone of epiphyseal bone-marrow necrosis of three or more joints characterizes it. The most common risk factors are glucocorticoids intake and alcoholism. However, there is a series of other causes that could be incriminated in osteonecrosis, among which antiphospholipid syndrome. This case report, illustrates a primary antiphospholipid syndrome with only one clinical manifestation: multifocal osteonecrosis. OBSERVATIONS: A 30-year-old woman, with a medical history of left total hip replacement (THR), presents with severe right coxalgia and pain in both knees and shoulders...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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