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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752911/validation-of-the-work-disability-physical-function-assessment-battery
#1
Christine M McDonough, Pengsheng Ni, Kara Peterik, Judith D Hershberg, Lesli R Bell, Leighton Chan, Diane E Brandt, Alan M Jette
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the self-report Work-Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB) physical function scales relative to clinician ratings of function and a performance-based functional capacity evaluation: the Physical Work Performance Evaluation (PWPE). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n=50) participating in physical therapy for musculoskeletal conditions INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749048/evaluation-of-projection-and-dual-energy-based-methods-for-metal-artifact-reduction-in-ct-using-a-phantom-study
#2
Zaiyang Long, Michael R Bruesewitz, David R DeLone, Jonathan M Morris, Kimberly K Amrami, Mark C Adkins, Katrina N Glazebrook, James M Kofler, Shuai Leng, Cynthia H McCollough, Joel G Fletcher, Ahmed F Halaweish, Lifeng Yu
OBJECTIVES: Both projection and dual-energy (DE)-based methods have been used for metal artifact reduction (MAR) in CT. The two methods can also be combined. The purpose of this work was to evaluate these three MAR methods using phantom experiments for five types of metal implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five phantoms representing spine, dental, hip, shoulder, and knee were constructed with metal implants. These phantoms were scanned using both single-energy (SE) and DE protocols with matched radiation output...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742468/native-septic-arthritis-is-not-an-immediate-surgical-emergency
#3
Nicolas Lauper, Marie Davat, Ergys Gjika, Camillo Müller, Wilson Belaieff, Didier Pittet, Benjamin A Lipsky, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
Acute native joint septic arthritis is generally considered a surgical emergency, requiring drainage within hours, including during night, weekend or holiday shifts. However, there are few data supporting the need for the disruption caused by this degree of urgency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients seen in our medical center from 1997-2015 with culture-proven septic arthritis and noted the epidemiology of sequelae, and their possible association with a delay in surgical drainage...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735377/the-impact-of-solid-organ-transplant-history-on-inpatient-complications-mortality-length-of-stay-and-cost-for-primary-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-admissions-in-the-united-states
#4
Tennison L Malcolm, Kiran Chatha, Adam P Breceda, Eric Guo, Darren J Friedman, Vani J Sabesan, Wael K Barsoum
BACKGROUND: There is a growing population of patients with history of solid organ transplant (SOT) surgery among total joint patients. Patients with history of SOT have been found to have longer lengths of stay and higher inpatient hospital costs and complications rates after hip and knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this is true for shoulder arthroplasty in SOT patients. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried to describe relative demographic, hospital, and clinical characteristics, perioperative complications, length of stay, and total costs for patients with a history of SOT (International Classification of Diseases-9th Edition-Clinical Modificiation V42...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729497/can-osteophytes-be-used-as-age-at-death-estimators-testing-correlations-in-skeletonized-human-remains-with-known-age-at-death
#5
Francisca Alves-Cardoso, Sandra Assis
Age-at-death estimation is one of the major challenges when establishing an adult skeleton biological profile. The presence of degenerative joint changes - e.g. osteophytes - has been regarded as a good postmaturity age indicator. This study assessed if a clear relationship between age and osteophytes exists. To accomplish this goal, a total of 16 joint surfaces, from the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle, were examined in 604 adult individuals, of both sexes from two Portuguese Identified collections...
April 22, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709007/chikungunya-virus-infection-in-aruba-diagnosis-clinical-features-and-predictors-of-post-chikungunya-chronic-polyarthralgia
#6
Ralph Huits, Jaclyn De Kort, Riemsdijk Van Den Berg, Luis Chong, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Kaat Eggermont, Koen Bartholomeeusen, Kevin K Ariën, Jan Jacobs, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Emmanuel Bottieau, Lieselotte Cnops
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in Aruba for the first time in 2014. We studied the clinical presentation of acute CHIKV infection and the contribution of serologic and molecular assays to its diagnosis. In a cohort of confirmed CHIKV cases, we analysed the frequency, duration and predictors of post-chikungunya chronic polyarthralgia (pCHIK-CPA), defined as joint pains lasting longer than 6 weeks or longer than 1 year. METHODOLOGY: Patient sera obtained within 10 days of symptom onset were tested for CHIKV, using an indirect immunofluorescence test for the detection of CHIKV-specific Immunoglobulin M (IgM) and post-hoc, by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695317/influence-of-joint-kinematics-on-polyethylene-wear-in-anatomic-shoulder-joint-arthroplasty
#7
Steffen Braun, Stefan Schroeder, Ulrike Mueller, Robert Sonntag, Matthias Buelhoff, Jan Philippe Kretzer
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive results in total shoulder arthroplasties (TSAs), a higher revision rate is documented compared with total hip and knee replacements. Wear is the possible main cause of TSA failure in the long-term. This study investigated the effect of joint kinematics and the influence of the rotator cuff on the polyethylene wear performance in an anatomic TSA. METHODS: Lifting a load of 2 kg with an abduction/adduction of 0° to 90° was simulated for 2 × 106 cycles as a primary motion using a fully kinematic joint simulator...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671497/osteoarthritis-rapid-evidence-review
#8
Mark H Ebell
Osteoarthritis (OA) should be suspected in patients with pain in the fingers, shoulders, hips, knees, or ankles, especially if they are older than 40 years. Patients older than 50 years who have joint pain, minimal morning stiffness, and functional impairment likely have OA. Radiography can confirm the diagnosis and may be helpful before surgical referral, but findings generally do not correlate well with symptoms. Exercise, physical therapy, knee taping, and tai chi are beneficial for knee OA. Medical therapy provides modest benefits in pain reduction and functional improvement; however, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tramadol, and other opioids have significant potential harms...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651902/shoulder-and-lower-back-joint-reaction-forces-in-seated-double-poling
#9
Marie Lund Ohlsson, Jonas Danvind, L Joakim Holmberg
Overuse injuries in the shoulders and lower back are hypothesized to be common in cross-country sit-skiing. Athletes with reduced trunk muscle control mainly sits with their knees higher than hips (KH). To reduce spinal flexion, a position with the knees below the hips (KL) was enabled for these athletes using a frontal trunk support. The aim of the study was to compare the shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) and L4-L5 joint reactions between the sitting positions KL and KH. Five able-bodied female athletes performed submaximal and maximal exercise tests in the sitting positions KL and KH on a ski-ergometer...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648889/patient-reported-allergies-do-not-predict-poorer-promis-function-pain-and-depression-scores-following-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#10
Devon C Nixon, Brian M Cusworth, Jeremy J McCormick, Jeffrey E Johnson, Sandra E Klein
BACKGROUND: Identifying preoperative risk factors that may portend poorer operative outcomes remains a topic of current interest. In hip and knee arthroplasty patients, the presence of patient-reported allergies (PRAs) has been associated with worse pain and function after joint replacement. However, these results have not been replicated across studies, including in shoulder arthroplasty cases. The impact of PRAs on foot and ankle outcomes has yet to be studied. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether PRAs influence patient-reported outcome in foot and ankle surgery...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619151/musculoskeletal-disorders-as-common-problems-among-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#11
REVIEW
Ali Soroush, Mohammadbagher Shamsi, Neda Izadi, Behzad Heydarpour, Soheila Samadzadeh, Afshar Shahmohammadi
Background: Considering the importance of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) as one of the health consequences of job stress among nurses and significant contradictions in prevalence in different parts of the body, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of MSDs among Iranian nurses. Methods: All published studies from June 2000 until June 2015 were considered in reliable databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Google search, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Persian databases such as SID, Iran Medex, and Magiran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596450/manual-muscle-testing-and-hand-held-dynamometry-in-people-with-inflammatory-myopathy-an-intra-and-interrater-reliability-and-validity-study
#12
Pierrette Baschung Pfister, Eling D de Bruin, Iris Sterkele, Britta Maurer, Rob A de Bie, Ruud H Knols
Manual muscle testing (MMT) and hand-held dynamometry (HHD) are commonly used in people with inflammatory myopathy (IM), but their clinimetric properties have not yet been sufficiently studied. To evaluate the reliability and validity of MMT and HHD, maximum isometric strength was measured in eight muscle groups across three measurement events. To evaluate reliability of HHD, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), the standard error of measurements (SEM) and smallest detectable changes (SDC) were calculated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584475/occupant-kinematics-of-the-hybrid-iii-thor-m-and-postmortem-human-surrogates-under-various-restraint-conditions-in-full-scale-frontal-sled-tests
#13
Devon L Albert, Stephanie M Beeman, Andrew R Kemper
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to compare the occupant kinematics of the Hybrid III (HIII), THOR-M, and postmortem human surrogates (PMHS) during full-scale frontal sled tests under 3 safety restraint conditions: knee bolster (KB), knee bolster and steering wheel airbag (KB/SWAB), and knee bolster airbag and steering wheel airbag (KBAB/SWAB). METHODS: A total of 20 frontal sled tests were performed with at least 2 tests performed per restraint condition per surrogate...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582115/osteonecrosis-in-sickle-cell-disease-patients-from-bahia-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Gildasio Daltro, Bruno Adelmo Franco, Thiago Batista Faleiro, Davi Araujo Veiga Rosário, Paula Braga Daltro, Vitor Fortuna
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of osteonecrosis (ON) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in Bahia, a Northeast state with the highest prevalence of the disease in Brazil. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2017, 283 cases of osteonecrosis in SCD patients were enrolled to analyse the age at diagnosis, genotype, gender, pain, distribution of the lesions and disease staging. MRI and radiograph were obtained at the participation. RESULTS: Of the 283 SCD cases, 120 (42...
March 26, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578869/orthopedic-injuries-in-professional-surfers-a-retrospective-study-at-a-single-orthopedic-center
#15
Eric Hohn, Sean Robinson, Jarrad Merriman, Robin Parrish, Warren Kramer
BACKGROUND: Literature regarding surfing injuries is scarce and most studies report a high number of minor injuries. Recent literature suggests that musculoskeletal injuries are more common than previously reported. In the mid 2000s, competitive surfing has seen an increase in aerial maneuvers, as they have become more highly rewarded by the judging panel, which may be contributing to a change in injury patterns. Our goal was to evaluate orthopedic injuries in professional surfers. HYPOTHESIS: Orthopedic injuries in professional surfers are diverse and have evolved with skill and technology...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575958/overall-benefits-provided-by-orthopedic-surgical-intervention-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Hajime Ishikawa, Asami Abe, Toshihisa Kojima, Masayo Kojima, Naoki Ishiguro, Yumi Nomura, Hiroshi Otani, Eriko Hasegawa, Daisuke Kobayashi, Satoshi Ito, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Akira Murasawa
OBJECTIVES: To clarify systemic effects of orthopedic surgical intervention in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was performed in RA patients who were scheduled to have primary elective orthopedic surgeries. Assessments were performed at baseline, 6 and 12 months after surgery using J-HAQ, General Health, EQ-5D, BDI-II, DAS28-CRP(4) and CRP for all registered patients, DASH and grip power for patients with upper-extremity surgeries, TUG for patients with lower-extremity surgeries, and JSSF for patients with ankle and forefoot surgeries...
April 16, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570546/impact-of-music-therapy-on-hospitalized-patients-post-elective-orthopaedic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lisa M Gallagher, Vickie Gardner, Debbie Bates, Shelley Mason, Jeanine Nemecek, Jacquelyn Baker DiFiore, James Bena, Manshi Li, Francois Bethoux
BACKGROUND: Music therapy (MT) research has demonstrated positive effects on fatigue, depressed mood, anxiety, and pain in perioperative care areas. However, there has been limited research on the effects of MT for surgical patients on orthopaedic units. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of MT sessions on post-elective orthopaedic surgery patients' pain, mood, nausea, anxiety, use of narcotics and antiemetics, and length of stay. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study with an experimental arm (MT sessions) and a control arm (standard medical care)...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558820/clinical-potential-of-implantable-wireless-sensors-for-orthopedic-treatments
#18
Salil Sidharthan Karipott, Bradley D Nelson, Robert E Guldberg, Keat Ghee Ong
Implantable wireless sensors have been used for real-time monitoring of chemicals and physical conditions of bones, tendons and muscles to diagnose and study orthopedic diseases and injuries. Due to the importance of these sensors in orthopedic care, a critical review, which not only analyzes the underlying technologies but also their clinical implementations and challenges, will provide a landscape view on their current state and their future clinical role. Areas covered: By conducting an extensive literature search and following the leaders of orthopedic implantable wireless sensors, this review covers the battery-powered and battery-free wireless implantable sensor technologies, and describes their implementation for hips, knees, spine, and shoulder stress/strain monitoring...
March 21, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558287/marijuana-use-and-mortality-following-orthopedic-surgical-procedures
#19
Andrew S Moon, Walter Smith, Sawyer Mullen, Brent A Ponce, Gerald McGwin, Ashish Shah, Sameer M Naranje
BACKGROUND: The association between marijuana use and surgical procedures is a matter of increasing societal relevance that has not been well studied in the literature. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, as well as to assess associated comorbidities in patients undergoing commonly billed orthopedic surgeries. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2010 to 2014 was used to determine the odds ratios for the associations between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, heart failure (HF), stroke, and cardiac disease (CD) in patients undergoing five common orthopedic procedures: hip (THA), knee (TKA), and shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), spinal fusion, and traumatic femur fracture fixation...
March 20, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547446/long-term-retention-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-during-residency
#20
Robert W Irwin, Jeffrey Smith, S Barry Issenberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents at a large academic medical center...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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