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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319502/remitting-seronegative-symmetrical-synovitis-with-pitting-edema-appearance-on-fdg-pet-ct
#1
Jianjie Wang, Chaoyu Pu, Zhenchang Wang, Jigang Yang
Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare condition in the elderly and can appear as a first presentation of various types of rheumatic and malignant diseases. We presented a 62-year-old man with the diagnosis of RS3PE based on the clinical sign and laboratory data. Because of the possibility of associated malignancies in RS3PE, FDG PET/CT was performed to exclude occult tumors. The images showed multiple, symmetrically, diffusely increased F-FDG uptake in the soft tissue around joints and bones in the shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318406/use-of-a-shoulder-abduction-brace-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-study-on-gait-performance-and-falls
#2
Yuma Sonoda, Takashi Nishioka, Ryo Nakajima, Shinji Imai, Piers Vigers, Taku Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Fall prevention is essential in patients after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair because of the high risk of re-rupture. However, there are no reports related to falls that occur during the early postoperative period, while the affected limb is immobilized. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed gait performance and falls in patients using a shoulder abduction brace after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort and postoperative repeated measures...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302461/data-quality-in-institutional-arthroplasty-registries-description-of-a-model-of-validation-and-report-of-preliminary-results
#3
Maria P Bautista, Guillermo A Bonilla, Klaus W Mieth, Adolfo M Llinás, Fernanda Rodríguez, Laura L Cárdenas
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty registries are a relevant source of information for research and quality improvement in patient care and its value depends on the quality of the recorded data. The purpose of this study is to describe a model of validation and present the findings of validation of an Institutional Arthroplasty Registry (IAR). METHODS: Information from 209 primary arthroplasties and revision surgeries of the hip, knee, and shoulder recorded in the IAR between March and September 2015 were analyzed in the following domains...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269804/the-application-of-a-feasible-exercise-training-program-in-the-office-setting
#4
Ardalan Shariat, Eddie T C Lam, Mehdi Kargarfard, Shamsul B M Tamrin, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Previous research support the claim that people who work in offices and sit for a long time are particularly prone to musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to introduce an exercise training program designed to decrease muscle stiffness and pain that can be performed in the office setting. METHODS: Forty healthy office workers (age: 28±5.3 years old; body mass: 87.2±10.2 kg; height: 1.79±0...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269656/automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-after-stroke-using-ubiquitous-sensing-technology
#5
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis
This study uses machine learning methods to distinguish between healthy and pathological gait. Examples of multi-dimensional pathological and normal gait sequences were collected from post-stroke and healthy individuals in a real clinical setting and with two Kinect sensors. The trajectories of rotational angle and global velocity of selected body joints (hips, spine, shoulders, neck, knees and ankles) over time formed the gait sequences. The combination of k nearest neighbor (kNN) and dynamic time warping (DTW) was used for classification...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269625/development-and-validation-of-thums-version-5-with-1d-muscle-models-for-active-and-passive-automotive-safety-research
#6
Hideyuki Kimpara, Yuko Nakahira, Masami Iwamoto
Accurately predicting the occupant kinematics is critical to better understand the injury mechanisms during an automotive crash event. The objectives of this study were to develop and validate a finite element (FE) model of the human body integrated with an active muscle model called Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) version 5, which has the body size of the 50th percentile American adult male (AM50). This model is characterized by being able to generate a force owing to muscle tone and to predict the occupant response during an automotive crash event...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227914/automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-after-stroke-using-ubiquitous-sensing-technology
#7
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Elham Dolatabadi
This study uses machine learning methods to distinguish between healthy and pathological gait. Examples of multi-dimensional pathological and normal gait sequences were collected from post-stroke and healthy individuals in a real clinical setting and with two Kinect sensors. The trajectories of rotational angle and global velocity of selected body joints (hips, spine, shoulders, neck, knees and ankles) over time formed the gait sequences. The combination of k nearest neighbor (kNN) and dynamic time warping (DTW) was used for classification...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227883/development-and-validation-of-thums-version-5-with-1d-muscle-models-for-active-and-passive-automotive-safety-research
#8
Hideyuki Kimpara, Yuko Nakahira, Masami Iwamoto, Hideyuki Kimpara, Yuko Nakahira, Masami Iwamoto, Hideyuki Kimpara, Masami Iwamoto, Yuko Nakahira
Accurately predicting the occupant kinematics is critical to better understand the injury mechanisms during an automotive crash event. The objectives of this study were to develop and validate a finite element (FE) model of the human body integrated with an active muscle model called Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) version 5, which has the body size of the 50th percentile American adult male (AM50). This model is characterized by being able to generate a force owing to muscle tone and to predict the occupant response during an automotive crash event...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224190/what-is-a-periprosthetic-shoulder-infection-a-systematic-review-of-two-decades-of-publications
#9
REVIEW
Jason E Hsu, Jeremy S Somerson, Kiet V Vo, Frederick A Matsen
PURPOSE: While as many as 50% of revision shoulder arthroplasties are culture positive, a consistent, clinically useful definition of a "periprosthetic shoulder infection" is lacking. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature with respect to (1) the definition of a "periprosthetic shoulder infection", (2) the pre-operative evaluation for possible infection, and (3) the harvesting and culturing of specimens at the time of surgical revision. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we identified 20 studies concerning infection at the time of revision shoulder arthroplasty...
February 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220396/evaluation-of-the-turning-characteristics-according-to-the-severity-of-parkinson-disease-during-the-timed-up-and-go-test
#10
Minji Son, Changhong Youm, Sangmyung Cheon, Jaewoo Kim, Meounggon Lee, Youkyung Kim, Jinhee Kim, Hyeryun Sung
BACKGROUND: Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) experience problems such as falls and freezing of gait during walking and turning in daily activities. However, few studies have examined the relationship between simultaneous turning tasks and the severity of PD. AIM: To investigate turning characteristics in patients with PD using three-dimensional (3D) analysis during the timed up and go (TUG) test. METHODS: Thirty individuals performed the TUG test under 3D motion analysis: 10 patients with Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) stages 2...
February 20, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219656/ultrasound-abnormalities-in-septic-arthritis-are-associated-with-functional-outcomes
#11
Emeline Gaigneux, Grégoire Cormier, Stéphane Varin, Oriane Mérot, Yves Maugars, Benoit Le Goff
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ultrasound abnormalities seen in septic arthritis and to assess their associations with clinical, biological, and radiological outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively included 34 patients with septic arthritis of a native joint (knee, n=19; shoulder, n=6; hip, n=4; ankle, n=3; or wrist, n=2). Ultrasonography was performed to record synovial-membrane thickness and vascularity, joint effusion, and abnormalities of adjacent soft tissues, at baseline then 4days, 2weeks, and 3months later...
February 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215603/a-new-concept-for-an-old-pain-carpalgia-pain-in-the-wrist
#12
L Maizo Alemán
OBJECTIVE: The idea of this article is to propose to the general use of a new term to semiologically describe musculoskeletal wrist pain. FINDINGS: The use of terms with Greco-Latin roots is common in the medical field. The result is expressed in the newly coined word (neologism) "carpalgia", defined as musculoskeletal pain in the region of the wrist. CONCLUSIONS: The use of other terms related to musculoskeletal pain of the shoulder (omalgia), knee (gonalgia), metatarsus (metatarsalgia), spine (cervicalgia, lumbalgia), or hip (coxalgia) terms have demonstrated their importance through their applicability in different medical journals in recent years...
February 15, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210944/postoperative-imaging-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#13
REVIEW
F Di Pietto, V Chianca, R de Ritis, E Cesarano, A Reginelli, A Barile, M Zappia, L Ginolfi
Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability...
February 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203142/development-and-feasibility-assessment-of-a-rotational-orthosis-for-walking-with-arm-swing
#14
Juan Fang, Qing Xie, Guo-Yuan Yang, Le Xie
Interlimb neural coupling might underlie human bipedal locomotion, which is reflected in the fact that people swing their arms synchronously with leg movement in normal gait. Therefore, arm swing should be included in gait training to provide coordinated interlimb performance. The present study aimed to develop a Rotational Orthosis for Walking with Arm Swing (ROWAS), and evaluate its feasibility from the perspectives of implementation, acceptability and responsiveness. We developed the mechanical structures of the ROWAS system in SolidWorks, and implemented the concept in a prototype...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195985/prosthetic-joint-infections-in-patients-undergoing-carpal-tunnel-release
#15
Wenjing Zeng, Deborah Paul, Thomas Kemp, John Elfar
INTRODUCTION: Little information is available regarding the rate of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) in patients undergoing carpal tunnel release (CTR) without antibiotic prophylaxis. Hand surgeons should be aware of patients' history of arthroplasty. METHODS: All patients who underwent CTR at our institution between 2012 and 2014 were identified and their charts were reviewed to identify those who had a history of total hip, knee, and/or shoulder arthroplasty...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195972/individual-and-combined-influence-of-ace-and-actn3-genes-on-muscle-phenotypes-in-polish-athletes
#16
Joanna Orysiak, Joanna Mazur-Różycka, Krzysztof Busko, Jan Gajewski, Beata Szczepanska, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska
The aim of this study was to examine the association between ACE and ACTN3 genes, independently or in combination, and muscle strength and power in male and female athletes. The study involved 398 young male (n=266) and female (n=132) athletes representing various sport disciplines (ice hockey, canoeing, swimming, volleyball). All were Caucasians. The following measurements were taken: height of jump and mechanical power in countermovement jump (CMJ) and spike jump (SPJ), and muscle strength of 10 muscle groups (flexors and extensors of the elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and trunk)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149401/transfer-of-mechanical-energy-during-the-shot-put
#17
Michalina Błażkiewicz, Barbara Łysoń, Adam Chmielewski, Andrzej Wit
The aim of this study was to analyse transfer of mechanical energy between body segments during the glide shot put. A group of eight elite throwers from the Polish National Team was analysed in the study. Motion analysis of each throw was recorded using an optoelectronic Vicon system composed of nine infrared camcorders and Kistler force plates. The power and energy were computed for the phase of final acceleration of the glide shot put. The data were normalized with respect to time using the algorithm of the fifth order spline and their values were interpolated with respect to the percentage of total time, assuming that the time of the final weight acceleration movement was different for each putter...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129277/differences-in-muscle-activation-and-kinematics-between-cable-based-and-selectorized-weight-training
#18
Joseph F Signorile, Nicole K Rendos, Hector H Heredia Vargas, Taislaine C Alipio, Rebecca C Regis, Moataz M Eltoukhy, Renu S Nargund, Matthew A Romero
Signorile, JF, Rendos, NK, Heredia Vargas, HH, Alipio, TC, Regis, RC, Eltoukhy, MM, Nargund, RS, and Romero, MA. Differences in muscle activation and kinematics between cable-based and selectorized weight training. J Strength Cond Res 31(2): 313-322, 2017-Cable resistance training machines are showing resurgent popularity and allow greater number of degrees of freedom than typical selectorized equipment. Given that specific kinetic chains are used during distinct activities of daily living (ADL), cable machines may provide more effective interventions for some ADL, whereas others may be best addressed using selectorized equipment...
February 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121204/efficacy-of-golimumab-for-preventing-large-joint-destruction-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-determined-by-the-arashi-score
#19
Katsuaki Kanbe, Koei Oh, Junji Chiba, Yasuo Inoue, Masashi Taguchi, Akiko Yabuki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the inhibitory effect of golimumab on large joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: We recruited 45 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and evaluated the radiographic severity of large joint destruction using the ARASHI (assessment of rheumatoid arthritis by scoring of large joint destruction and healing in radiographic imaging) score. We evaluated 450 large joints including the elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and ankle at baseline and 52 weeks after treatment with golimumab...
January 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116270/a-rare-case-of-multiple-rice-bodies-in-glenohumeral-joint-subscapular-recess-and-along-long-head-of-biceps
#20
Prashanth Chalasani, Satyakumar Koduru, Kavya Mikkineni
INTRODUCTION: Synovial chondromatosis is a rare, generally benign condition which affects the synovial membranes and commonly involves the large joints such as the knee, and hip. It is usually mono-articular and more common in males. Synovial chondromatosis is characterized by the presence of multiple cartilaginous nodules in the joint synovium. The definitive diagnosis is achieved after the pathological examination of the synovial tissue. It can be very destructive and can cause severe osteoarthritis, pain and malignant transformation...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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