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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792244/affective-problems-and-decline-in-cognitive-state-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
A John, U Patel, J Rusted, M Richards, D Gaysina
Evidence suggests that affective problems, such as depression and anxiety, increase risk for late-life dementia. However, the extent to which affective problems influence cognitive decline, even many years prior to clinical diagnosis of dementia, is not clear. The present study systematically reviews and synthesises the evidence for the association between affective problems and decline in cognitive state (i.e., decline in non-specific cognitive function) in older adults. An electronic search of PubMed, PsycInfo, Cochrane, and ScienceDirect was conducted to identify studies of the association between depression and anxiety separately and decline in cognitive state...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791452/validity-and-reliability-of-two-alternate-versions-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-hong-kong-version-for-screening-of-mild-neurocognitive-disorder
#2
Adrian Wong, Stanley Yiu, Ziad Nasreddine, Kam-Tat Leung, Alexander Lau, Yannie O Y Soo, Lawrence Ka-Sing Wong, Vincent Mok
OBJECTIVE: Repeated testing using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) increases risks for practice effects which may bias measurements of cognitive change. The objective of this study is to develop two alternate versions of the MoCA (Hong Kong version; HK-MoCA) and to investigate the validity and reliability of the alternate versions in patients with DSM-5 Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (Mild NCD) and cognitively healthy controls. METHODS: Concurrent validity and inter-scale agreement were examined by Pearson correlation of the total scores between the original and alternate versions and the Bland-Altman Method...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760013/severity-of-cerebral-vasospasm-associated-with-development-of-collaterals-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#3
Fawaz Al-Mufti, Jens Witsch, Nathan Manning, Michael Crimmins, Krishna Amuluru, Sachin Agarwal, Soojin Park, Joshua Z Willey, Hooman Kamel, E Sander Connolly, Philip M Meyers, Jan Claassen
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral collateral circulation has been studied extensively in ischemic stroke where it has been shown to be a predictor of reperfusion, final infarct size, and outcome. Little is known about the significance of the collaterals in the setting of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). We sought to evaluate the effect of cerebral vasospasm on the development of cerebral collaterals following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and the effects of the latter on delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757066/reliability-and-clinical-feasibility-of-measuring-dual-task-gait-in-the-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Lauren Rachal, Chad Swank, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Simon Driver
BACKGROUND: To prepare patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) for discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, physical therapists may incorporate dual-task gait activities. Reliability of common dual-task measures for people with TBI in inpatient rehabilitation is undetermined. Our purpose was to assess inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and clinical feasibility of dual-task measures [Walking While Talking Test (WWTT), Modified Walking and Remembering Task (mWART), Timed Up and Go-cognitive (TUG-COG)] in inpatient rehabilitation for patients with TBI...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755385/sex-age-and-emotional-valence-revealing-possible-biases-in-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-task
#5
Jana Kynast, Matthias L Schroeter
The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test (RMET) assesses a specific socio-cognitive ability, i.e., the ability to identify mental states from gaze. The development of this ability in a lifespan perspective is of special interest. Whereas former investigations were limited mainly to childhood and adolescence, the focus has been shifted towards aging, and psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases recently. Although the RMET is frequently applied in developmental psychology and clinical settings, stimulus characteristics have never been investigated with respect to potential effects on test performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712538/the-relationship-between-early-post-stroke-cognition-and-longer-term-activities-and-participation-a-systematic-review
#6
Joseph A Mole, Nele Demeyere
This systematic review examined whether early cognitive impairment after stroke is predictive of outcome within the "activity" and "participation" domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) at 6-12 months post-injury. Studies were included if cognitive functioning was assessed within 6 weeks of injury and outcome was measured at least 6 months post-injury. PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE databases were searched and 14 studies were identified...
April 30, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710726/effectiveness-of-anti-dementia-drugs-in-extremely-severe-alzheimer-s-disease-a-12-week-multicenter-randomized-single-blind-study
#7
Yun Jeong Hong, Seong Hye Choi, Jee Hyang Jeong, Kyung Won Park, Hae Ri Na
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is insufficient evidence to guide decisions concerning how long anti-dementia drug (ADD) regimens should be maintained in severe Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated whether patients with extremely severe AD who were already receiving donepezil or memantine benefited from continuing treatment. METHODS: In this randomized and rater-blinded trial, 65 AD patients with a Mini-Mental State Examination score from 0 to 5 and a score of 6c or worse on Functional Assessment Staging were randomly assigned to an ADD-continuation group (N = 30) or an ADD-discontinuation group (N = 35)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707824/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-orofacial-pain-scale-for-non-verbal-individuals-as-a-screening-tool-for-orofacial-pain-in-people-with-dementia
#8
Suzanne Delwel, Roberto S G M Perez, Andrea B Maier, Cees M P M Hertogh, Henrica C W de Vet, Frank Lobbezoo, Erik J A Scherder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric evaluation of the Orofacial Pain Scale for Non-Verbal Individuals (OPS-NVI) as a screening tool for orofacial pain in people with dementia. BACKGROUND: The OPS-NVI has recently been developed and needs psychometric evaluation for clinical use in people with dementia. The pain self-report is imperative as a reference standard and can be provided by people with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment...
April 29, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693533/development-and-evaluation-of-a-scale-assessing-therapist-fidelity-to-guidelines-for-delivering-therapist-assisted-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#9
Heather D Hadjistavropoulos, Luke H Schneider, Kristen Klassen, Blake F Dear, Nickolai Titov
Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is often accompanied by therapist emails, but there is limited research on the quality of this therapist-assistance. In this study, an ICBT Therapist Rating Scale (ICBT-TRS) was developed and evaluated to assess whether therapist emails showed fidelity to specific therapist behaviours. Using data from a previous ICBT trial for depression and anxiety, the ICBT-TRS was used to rate 706 emails sent by 39 therapists to 91 randomly selected patients. Emails were rated for adherence (absent/present) and quality (inadequate/competent) on the following behaviours: Builds Rapport, Seeks Feedback, Provides Symptom Feedback, Provides Psychoeducation, Facilitates Understanding, Praises Effort, Encourages Practice, Clarifies Administrative Procedures, and Communicates Effectively...
April 25, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661649/-overal-cognitive-assessment-in-basque-speaking-people-with-advanced-dementia-validation-to-the-basque-language-of-the-severe-mini-mental-state-examination-smmse-smmse-eus
#10
Cristina Buiza, Javier Yanguas, Amaia Zulaica, Iván Antón, Enrique Arriola, Alvaro García
INTRODUCTION: Adaptation and validation to the Basque language of tests to assess advanced cognitive impairment is a not covered need for Basque-speaking people. The present work shows the validation of the Basque version of the Severe Mini Mental State Examination (SMMSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 109 people with advanced dementia (MEC<15) took part in the validation study, and were classified as GDS 5-7 on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). All participants were Spanish-Basque bilingual...
April 13, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660413/validation-of-french-upper-limb-erasmus-modified-nottingham-sensory-assessment-in-stroke
#11
Claire Villepinte, Emilie Catella, Magali Martin, Sylvie Hidalgo, Sabrina Téchené, Claire Lebely, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier de Boissezon, HuiJun Chih, David Gasq
BACKGROUND: Somatosensory impairment of the upper limb (UL) occurs in approximately 50% of adults post-stroke, associated with loss of hand motor function, activity and participation. Measurement of UL sensory impairment is a component of rehabilitation contributing to the selection of sensorimotor techniques optimising recovery and providing a prognostic estimate of UL function. To date, no standardized official French version of a measure of somatosensory impairment has been established...
April 13, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658306/-how-do-they-want-to-know-doctors-perspectives-on-making-and-communicating-a-diagnosis-of-dementia
#12
Cate Bailey, Jemima Dooley, Rose McCabe
Recent drives to facilitate earlier identification of dementia have led to increased memory clinic referrals and diagnoses. This study explored the perspectives of memory clinic doctors on making and delivering diagnoses. Four focus groups were conducted with 13 psychiatrists and two geriatricians in the UK. Transcripts were coded line by line using NVIVO. Thematic analysis identified 39 categories, 18 sub-themes and eight overarching themes. Inter-rater reliability on 31% of the data was 0.89. Increased public awareness of dementia was viewed positively in facilitating access to diagnosis and treatment...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652592/development-of-the-emergency-department-senior-abuse-identification-ed-senior-aid-tool
#13
Timothy F Platts-Mills, Joseph A Dayaa, Bryce B Reeve, Kayla Krajick, Laura Mosqueda, Jason S Haukoos, Mehul D Patel, Carrie F Mulford, Samuel A McLean, Phil D Sloane, Debbie Travers, Sheryl Zimmerman
Emergency departments (EDs) are an important health care setting for the identification of elder abuse (EA). Our objective was to develop an ED-based tool to identify EA. The initial tool included a brief cognitive assessment, questions to detect multiple domains of EA, and a physical examination. Refinement of the tool was based on input from clinical experts and nurse and patient feedback. The revised tool, which included 15 questions about EA, was then tested in an academic ED. We calculated the inter-rater reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of individual EA questions...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588337/psychosocial-effects-of-parent-child-book-reading-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Qian-Wen Xie, Celia H Y Chan, Qingying Ji, Cecilia L W Chan
CONTEXT: Parent-child book reading (PCBR) is effective at improving young children's language, literacy, brain, and cognitive development. The psychosocial effects of PCBR interventions are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesize the effects of PCBR interventions on psychosocial functioning of children and parents. DATA SOURCES: We searched ERIC, PsycINFO, Medline, Embase, PubMed, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, Family and Society Studies Worldwide, and Social Work Abstracts...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566675/development-of-the-great-recess-framework-observational-tool-to-measure-contextual-and-behavioral-components-of-elementary-school-recess
#15
William V Massey, Megan B Stellino, Sean P Mullen, Jennette Claassen, Megan Wilkison
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) remains the primary behavioral outcome associated with school recess, while many other potentially relevant indicators of recess remain unexamined. Few studies have assessed observations of teacher/student interactions, peer conflict, social interactions, or safety within the recess environment. Furthermore, a psychometrically-sound instrument does not exist to examine safety, resources, student engagement, adult engagement, pro-social/anti-social behavior, and student empowerment on the playground...
March 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564999/convergent-and-concurrent-validity-of-a-report-versus-performance-based-evaluation-of-everyday-functioning-in-the-diagnosis-of-cognitive-disorders-in-a-geriatric-population
#16
Elise Cornelis, Ellen Gorus, Karen Van Weverbergh, Ingo Beyer, Patricia De Vriendt
BACKGROUND: Several methods have been developed to evaluate activities of daily living (ADLs) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild dementia. This study evaluated the convergent and concurrent validity between (1) two report-based methods (the advanced (a)- and instrumental (i)-ADL tools) and (2) a performance-based method (the Naturalistic Action Test (NAT)) to check if their ability to differentiate between cognitively healthy comparisons (HCs), persons with MCI, and persons with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) are comparable to each other...
March 22, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553294/evaluation-of-the-interplay-between-homework-motivation-and-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-youth-with-adhd-associations-with-homework-performance
#17
Zoe R Smith, Rosanna P Breaux, Cathrin D Green, Joshua M Langberg
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated which Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) factors (i.e., Slow, Sleepy, Daydreamer) are most strongly associated with homework motivation, and whether homework motivation mediates the path between SCT and academic impairment. METHOD: Participants were 285 middle school students (boys 209) in Grades 6 to 8 (ages 10-15 years) who were comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD. RESULTS: Parent- and self-report of SCT Slow behaviors predicted homework motivation above and beyond symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety, depression, and intelligence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549205/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-ottawa-3dy-and-short-blessed-test-to-detect-cognitive-dysfunction-in-geriatric-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#18
David Barbic, Brian Kim, Qadeem Salehmohamed, Kate Kemplin, Christopher R Carpenter, Skye Pamela Barbic
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is a common finding in geriatric patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). Our primary objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the Ottawa 3DY (O3DY) and Short Blessed Test (SBT) as screening tools for the detection of CD in the ED. Our secondary objective was to estimate the inter-rater reliability of these instruments. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cross-sectional comparative study at an inner-city academic medical centre (annual ED visit census 86 000)...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546632/amyloid-load-but-not-regional-glucose-metabolism-predicts-conversion-to-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-a-memory-clinic-population
#19
Lars Frings, Sabine Hellwig, Tobias Bormann, Timo S Spehl, Ralph Buchert, Philipp T Meyer
PURPOSE: The value of imaging regional glucose metabolism with [18 F]FDG PET for the prediction of progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is controversial. The predictive value of imaging with [18 F]FDG PET was therefore tested and compared with that of imaging beta-amyloid load with [11 C]PIB PET in the same memory clinic population of MCI patients. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with MCI who had undergone [18 F]FDG as well as [11 C]PIB PET were identified from a single-centre clinical registry...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530444/technology-enhanced-simulation-improves-trainee-readiness-transitioning-to-cardiothoracic-training
#20
Patrick G Chan, Lara W Schaheen, Ernest G Chan, Chris C Cook, James D Luketich, Jonathan D'Cunha
OBJECTIVE: Transitioning from medical school and general surgery training to cardiothoracic (CT) surgical training poses unique challenges for trainees and patient care. We hypothesized that participation in technology-enhanced simulation modules that provided early exposure to urgent/emergent CT patient problems would improve cognitive skills and readiness to manage common urgencies/emergencies. DESIGN: Traditional and integrated cardiothoracic residents at our institution participated in a technology-enhanced simulation curriculum...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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