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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334708/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-improved-symptoms-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorders-but-not-executive-functions-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-crossover-design-and-sham-condition
#1
Mehran Shayganfard, Leila Jahangard, Marzieh Nazaribadie, Mohammad Haghighi, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Hafez Bajoghli, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
OBJECTIVE: Whereas there is growing evidence that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) favorably impacts on symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), less is known regarding the influence of rTMS on cognitive performance of patients with OCD. Here, we tested the hypothesis that rTMS has a positive impact both on symptom severity and executive functions in such patients. METHODS: We assessed 10 patients diagnosed with OCD (mean age: 33.5 years) and treated with a standard medication; they were randomly assigned either to a treatment-first or to a sham-first condition...
March 24, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293482/psychometric-properties-of-brief-balance-evaluation-systems-test-brief-bestest-in-evaluating-balance-performance-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke
#2
Meizhen Huang, Marco Y C Pang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Brief-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Brief-BESTest) in individuals with chronic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study with repeated measurements involving 50 participants with chronic stroke [mean (SD) age: 59.2 (7.3) years]. Each participant with stroke was evaluated with the Brief-BESTest, Berg balance scale (BBS), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS), Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (FMA), Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment (CMSA), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291781/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-facilitate-prompt-referral-to-memory-clinics-in-the-united-kingdom-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Gill Livingston, Gianluca Baio, Andrew Sommerlad, Simon de Lusignan, Spyridon Poulimenos, Steve Morris, Greta Rait, Juanita Hoe
BACKGROUND: Most people with dementia do not receive timely diagnosis, preventing them from making informed plans about their future and accessing services. Many countries have a policy to increase timely diagnosis, but trials aimed at changing general practitioner (GP) practice have been unsuccessful. We aimed to assess whether a GP's personal letter, with an evidence-based leaflet about overcoming barriers to accessing help for memory problems-aimed at empowering patients and families-increases timely dementia diagnosis and patient presentation to general practice...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277556/a-psychometric-study-of-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-development-in-persian-language-children
#4
Nadia Azari, Farin Soleimani, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
OBJECTIVE: Bayley Scales of infant & toddler development is a well-known diagnostic developmental assessment tool for children aged 1-42 months. Our aim was investigating the validity & reliability of this scale in Persian speaking children. MATERIALS & METHODS: The method was descriptive-analytic. Translation- back translation and cultural adaptation was done. Content & face validity of translated scale was determined by experts' opinions. Overall, 403 children aged 1 to 42 months were recruited from health centers of Tehran, during years of 2013-2014 for developmental assessment in cognitive, communicative (receptive & expressive) and motor (fine & gross) domains...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266087/rigidity-in-routines-and-the-development-of-resistance-to-change-in-individuals-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#5
E L Haig, K A Woodcock
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) commonly show debilitating resistance to change, which has been linked to cognitive deficits in task switching. Anecdotal reports suggest that exposure to flexibility in routines during development may be beneficial for limiting subsequent resistance to change in people with PWS, which is consistent with a beneficial role of such exposure on the development of task switching, highlighted in typical children. Here, we aim to investigate the development of resistance to change in individuals with PWS and hypothesise that exposure to increased rigidity in routines will be associated with increased subsequent resistance to change...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261907/significant-change-events-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-is-cognition-or-emotion-more-important
#6
Kye L McCarthy, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
OBJECTIVE: Significant change events are helpful moments within a psychotherapy session that have been shown in previous research to relate strongly to outcome. They are special moments and therefore provide rich data for research into understanding therapeutic process. This study investigated clinical and linguistic features of these helpful moments using and comparing both human ratings and computerized text analysis strategies. METHOD: Significant change events versus non-event passages were studied within 1195 word blocks of transcribed psychotherapy for 20 participants with diagnoses of comorbid depression and personality disorder...
March 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246891/prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-as-treatment-for-major-depression-study-design-and-methodology-of-a-multicenter-triple-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-depressiondc
#7
Frank Padberg, Ulrike Kumpf, Ulrich Mansmann, Ulrich Palm, Christian Plewnia, Berthold Langguth, Peter Zwanzger, Andreas Fallgatter, Jana Nolden, Max Burger, Daniel Keeser, Rainer Rupprecht, Peter Falkai, Alkomiet Hasan, Silvia Egert, Malek Bajbouj
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as novel treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) based on clinical pilot studies as well as randomized controlled monocentric trials. The DepressionDC trial is a triple-blind (blinding of rater, operator and patient), randomized, placebo controlled multicenter trial investigating the efficacy and safety of prefrontal tDCS used as additive treatment in MDD patients who have not responded to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). At 5 study sites, 152 patients with MDD receive a 6-weeks treatment with active tDCS (anode F3 and cathode F4, 2 mA intensity, 30 min/day) or sham tDCS add-on to a stable antidepressant medication with an SSRI...
February 28, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244033/young-people-s-experience-of-individual-cognitive-remediation-therapy-crt-in-an-inpatient-eating-disorder-service-a-qualitative-study
#8
Lucia Giombini, Sophie Nesbitt, Lauren Waples, Emilia Finazzi, Abigail Easter, Kate Tchanturia
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Current literature shows promising results regarding the efficacy of Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa (AN); however, there is a paucity of studies considering the use of CRT in Young People (YP). The aim of this study was to examine YP's experiences of individual CRT in an inpatient eating disorder unit. METHOD: Seventy letters following a cycle of eight individual CRT sessions were analysed using thematic analysis, adopting an inductive approach...
February 27, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222504/bimanual-gesture-imitation-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
G Nter Sanin, Thomas Benke
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Unimanual gesture production or imitation has often been studied in Alzheimer's disease (AD) during apraxia testing. In the present study, it was hypothesized that bimanual motor tasks may be a sensitive method to detect impairments of motor cognition in AD due to increased demands on the cognitive system. METHODS: We investigated bimanual, meaningless gesture imitation in 45 AD outpatients, 38 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 50 normal controls (NC) attending a memory clinic...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219458/adherence-rating-scale-for-cognitive-processing-therapy-cognitive-only-analysis-of-psychometric-properties
#10
Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Patricia A Resick, Jana Gutermann, Ulrich Stangier, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Petra Ludäscher, Julia Herzog, Regina Steil
BACKGROUND: The assessment of therapeutic adherence is essential for accurately interpreting treatment outcomes in psychotherapy research. However, such assessments are often neglected. AIMS: To fill this gap, we aimed to develop and test a scale that assessed therapeutic adherence to Cognitive Processing Therapy - Cognitive Only (CPT), which was adapted for a treatment study targeting patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and co-occurring borderline personality symptoms...
February 21, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215200/health-team-for-the-elderly-a-feasibility-study-for-preventive-home-visits
#11
Berit Seiger Cronfalk, Astrid Fjell, Nina Carstens, Lars Malvin Kvinge Rosseland, Arvid Rongve, Dag-Helge Rönnevik, Åke Seiger, Knut Skaug, Karen Johanne Ugland Vae, Marianne Hauge Wennersberg, Anne-Marie Boström
The aim was to describe the development, utilization and feasibility of a model of preventive home visits, in an urban and a rural municipality in Norway. BACKGROUND: Older people >65 years will rise significantly in coming years. Increased age is associated with risk of disability, illness and need for public health services. Preventive home visits is assumed to help older people to maintain their functional level longer, delaying disease and thus delaying the need for health care...
February 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#12
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197115/application-and-evaluation-of-an-expert-judgment-elicitation-procedure-for-correlations
#13
Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Wenneke van de Schoot-Hubeek, Kimberley Lek, Herbert Hoijtink, Rens van de Schoot
The purpose of the current study was to apply and evaluate a procedure to elicit expert judgments about correlations, and to update this information with empirical data. The result is a face-to-face group elicitation procedure with as its central element a trial roulette question that elicits experts' judgments expressed as distributions. During the elicitation procedure, a concordance probability question was used to provide feedback to the experts on their judgments. We evaluated the elicitation procedure in terms of validity and reliability by means of an application with a small sample of experts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196991/efficacy-of-mindfulness-integrated-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-patients-with-predominant-obsessions
#14
Ajay Kumar, Mahendra P Sharma, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Thennarasu Kandavel, Y C Janardhan Reddy
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) involving exposure and response prevention is the gold standard psychotherapeutic intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, applying traditional CBT techniques to treat patients with predominant obsessions (POs) without covert compulsions is fraught with problems because of inaccessibility of mental compulsions. In this context, we examined the efficacy of mindfulness-integrated CBT (MICBT) in patients with POs without prominent overt compulsions...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162137/are-parkinson-s-patients-more-vulnerable-to-the-effects-of-cardiovascular-risk-a-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-study
#15
Jacob D Jones, Jared J Tanner, Michael Okun, Catherine C Price, Dawn Bowers
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) are at increased vulnerability for vascular-related cognitive impairment relative to controls. The underlying assumption behind this hypothesis relates to brain reserve and that both PD and vascular risk factors impair similar fronto-executive cognitive systems. METHODS: The sample included 67 PD patients and 61 older controls (total N=128). Participants completed neuropsychological measures of executive functioning, processing speed, verbal delayed recall/memory, language, and auditory attention...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160626/improving-measurement-of-attributional-style-in-schizophrenia-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-ambiguous-intentions-hostility-questionnaire-aihq
#16
Benjamin Buck, Colin Iwanski, Kristin M Healey, Michael F Green, William P Horan, Robert S Kern, Junghee Lee, Stephen R Marder, Steve P Reise, David L Penn
While attributional style is regarded as a core domain of social cognition, questions persist about the psychometric characteristics of measures used to assess it. One widely used assessment of attributional style is the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ). Two limitations of the AIHQ include (1) a possible restricted range resulting from too few and too homogenous item scenarios, and (2) use of rater scores that are cumbersome and time-consuming to score and have unknown incremental validity...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124590/a-multicentre-italian-validation-study-in-aging-adults-with-down-syndrome-and-other-forms-of-intellectual-disabilities-dementia-screening-questionnaire-for-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Tiziano Gomiero, Marco Bertelli, Shoumitro Deb, Elisabeth Weger, Annachiara Marangoni, Elisa De Bastiani, Ulrico Mantesso, Luc Pieter De Vreese
BACKGROUND: The USA National Task Group (NTG) guidelines advocate the use of an adapted version of Dementia Screening Questionnaire for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (DSQIID) for dementia screening of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) and with other forms of ID (non-DS). OBJECTIVE: In order to meet these guidelines, this study verifies the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the original DSQIID in a population composed of adults aged 40 years and over with DS and non-DS ID...
January 16, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091349/intranasal-oxytocin-increases-facial-expressivity-but-not-ratings-of-trustworthiness-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-controls
#18
J D Woolley, B Chuang, C Fussell, S Scherer, B Biagianti, D Fulford, D H Mathalon, S Vinogradov
BACKGROUND: Blunted facial affect is a common negative symptom of schizophrenia. Additionally, assessing the trustworthiness of faces is a social cognitive ability that is impaired in schizophrenia. Currently available pharmacological agents are ineffective at improving either of these symptoms, despite their clinical significance. The hypothalamic neuropeptide oxytocin has multiple prosocial effects when administered intranasally to healthy individuals and shows promise in decreasing negative symptoms and enhancing social cognition in schizophrenia...
January 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087270/examining-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms-within-the-management-of-schizophrenia-in-clinical-practice-mosaic-multisite-national-study
#19
Jack J Blanchard, Kristen R Bradshaw, Cristina P Garcia, Henry A Nasrallah, Philip D Harvey, Daniel Casey, Csilla T Csoboth, James I Hudson, Laura Julian, Ellen Lentz, Keith H Nuechterlein, Diana O Perkins, Tracey G Skale, Lonnie R Snowden, Rajiv Tandon, Cenk Tek, Dawn Velligan, Sophia Vinogradov, Cedric O'Gorman
The current study sought to expand on prior reports of the validity and reliability of the CAINS (CAINS) by examining its performance across diverse non-academic clinical settings as employed by raters not affiliated with the scale's developers and across a longer test-retest follow-up period. The properties of the CAINS were examined within the Management of Schizophrenia in Clinical Practice (MOSAIC) schizophrenia registry. A total of 501 participants with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were receiving usual care were recruited across 15 national Patient Assessment Centers and evaluated with the CAINS, other negative symptom measures, and assessments of functioning, quality of life and cognition...
January 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069563/brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-patients-in-the-community-with-schizophrenia-randomised-controlled-trial-in-beijing-china
#20
Zhi-Hua Guo, Zhan-Jiang Li, Yun Ma, Jing Sun, Jun-Hua Guo, Wen-Xiu Li, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Hui-Li Xu, Roger M K Ng, Douglas Turkington, David Kingdon
BACKGROUND: Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an emerging treatment for schizophrenia in community settings; however, further trials are needed, especially in non-Western countries. AIMS: To test the effects of brief CBT for Chinese patients with schizophrenia in the community (trial registration: ChiCTR-TRC-13003709). METHOD: A total of 220 patients with schizophrenia from four districts of Beijing were randomly assigned to either brief CBT plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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