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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728408/evaluation-of-trace-mineral-source-and-preharvest-deletion-of-trace-minerals-from-finishing-diets-on-tissue-mineral-status-in-pigs
#1
Y L Ma, Merlin D Lindemann, Sharon F Webb, Gregg Rentfrow
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate dietary supplemental trace mineral source and deletion on mineral content in tissues. Methods: Weanling crossbred pigs [n = 144; 72 barrows and 72 gilts; body weight (BW) = 7.4 ± 1.05 kg] were used. A basal diet was prepared, and trace mineral premix containing either inorganic (ITM) or organic (OTM) trace minerals (Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) was added to the basal diet. Pigs were blocked by sex and BW and randomly allotted to 24 pens for a total of 6 pigs per pen, and fed a diet containing either ITM or OTM supplemented at the 1998 NRC requirement estimates for each of 5 BW phases (Phase I to V) from 7 to 120 kg...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728405/effect-of-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-to-gestation-diet-on-reproductive-rerformance-blood-profiles-and-milk-composition-of-sows
#2
Hyunbong Choi, Song Shan Jin, Sung Woong Jung, Jae Cheol Jang, Jin Su Hong, Jae Hark Jeong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation levels of rapeseed meal (RSM) in gestation diets on reproductive performance, blood profiles and milk composition of sows and performance of their progeny. Methods: A total of 55 mixed-parity sows (Yorkshire × Landrace; average parity = 3.82) with an initial body weight (BW) of 193.0 kg were used in this experiment. Sows were allotted to one of 5 treatments at breeding based on BW and backfat thickness in a completely randomized design...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728404/quality-of-steak-restructured-from-beef-trimmings-containing-microbial-transglutaminase-and-impacted-by-freezing-and-grading-by-fat-level
#3
Supaluk Sorapukdee, Pussadee Tangwatcharin
Objective: The objective of this research was to evaluate the physico-chemical, microbiological and sensorial qualities of restructured steaks processed from beef trimmings (grade I and II) and frozen beef (fresh beef as control and frozen beef). Method: Beef trimmings from commercial butcher were collected, designated into 4 treatments differed in beef trimmings grade and freezing, processed into restructured steaks with 1% microbial transglutaminase and then analyzed product quality...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728403/newborn-traits-associated-with-pre-weaning-growth-and-survival-in-piglets
#4
Morakot Nuntapaitoon, Ramon Muns, Padet Tummaruk
Objective: Piglet pre-weaning mortality is an important variable indicating the efficacy of farrowing management and animal well-being during lactation. The present study determined the association of newborn traits measured soon after birth with piglet pre-weaning mortality and growth. Methods: In total, 805 piglets born from 57 multiparous sows were investigated. Their blood oxygen saturation, blood glucose and rectal temperature at 24 h after birth (RT24h) were monitored...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728402/influence-of-body-condition-score-at-calving-on-the-metabolic-status-and-production-performance-of-murrah-buffaloes-bubalus-bubalis-during-the-transition-period
#5
Nelson Carvalho Delfino, Lucas Fialho de Aragão Bulcão, Henry Daniel Ruiz Alba, Mauricio Xavier da Silva Oliveira, Filipe Pinheiro Soares de Queiroz, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho, Francisco Palma Rennó, José Esler Freitas Júnior
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of body condition score (BCS) at calving on the metabolic status of female Murrah buffaloes in the transition period. Methods: Thirty-seven pregnant buffaloes (multiparous) were selected and monitored during the transition period based on their body condition score and on the estimated calving date. Two groups were formed: 1) buffaloes with a BCS > 3.5 (n = 17); this group was classified and named 'high BCS at calving' (HBCS); and 2) buffaloes with a BCS ≤ 3...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728398/effects-of-dietary-energy-levels-on-physiological-parameters-and-reproductive-performance-in-gestating-sows-over-three-consecutive-parities
#6
S S Jin, Y H Jin, J C Jang, J S Hong, S W Jung, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effects of the dietary energy levels on the physiological parameters and reproductive performance during gestation over three parities in sows. Methods: A total of 52 F1 gilts (Yorkshire×Landrace) were allotted to one of four dietary treatments using a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments contained 3,100, 3,200, 3,300 or 3,400 kcal of ME/kg diet but feed was provided at 2.0, 2.2 and 2.4kg/day in the first, second and third parity, respectively...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728395/effects-of-supplementary-glycerin-on-milk-composition-and-heat-stability-in-dairy-goats
#7
Deela Thoh, Patcharin Pakdeechanuan, Pin Chanjula
Objective: This experiment was to study the effects of various levels of crude glycerin (CG) in dairy goat diet on daily intake, milk yield, milk composition, some physical properties and some quality changes of goat milk after sterilization. Methods: Twelve 75% Saanen dairy goats (BW = 49±3 kg; days in milk = 60±12 d) were randomly assigned in a completely randomized design to evaluate the effects of three experimental diets consisting of 0, 5 and 10% CG (dry matter basis) which were formulated to meet or exceed the nutrient requirements of goats...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728394/characterization-of-porcine-cytokine-inducible-sh2-containing-protein-gene-and-its-association-with-piglet-diarrhea-traits
#8
Buyue Niu, Dongchun Guo, Zhiran Liu, Xiaofei Han, Xibiao Wang
Objective: The Cytokine inducible SH2-containing protein (CISH), which might play a role in porcine intestine immune responses, was one of the promising candidate genes for piglet anti-disease traits. An experiment was conducted to characterize the porcine CISH (pCISH) gene and to evaluate its genetic effects on pig anti-disease breeding. Methods: Both RT-PCR and PCR were performed to obtain the sequence of pCISH gene. A pEGFP- C1- CISH vector was constructed and transfected into PK-15 cells to analysis the distribution of pCISH...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728392/effects-of-selection-index-coefficients-that-ignore-reliability-on-economic-weights-and-selection-responses-during-practical-selection
#9
Kenji Togashi, Kazunori Adachi, Takanori Yasumori, Kazuhiko Kurogi, Takayoshi Nozaki, Akio Onogi, Yamato Atagi, Tsutomu Takahashi
Objective: In practical breeding, selection is often performed by ignoring the accuracy of evaluations and applying economic weights directly to the selection index coefficients of genetically standardized traits. The denominator of the standardized component trait of estimated genetic evaluations in practical selection varies with its reliability. Whereas theoretical methods for calculating the selection index coefficients of genetically standardized traits account for this variation, practical selection ignores reliability and assumes that it is equal to unity for each trait...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728389/influence-of-substituting-steam-flaked-corn-for-dry-rolled-corn-on-feedlot-cattle-growth-performance-when-cattle-are-allowed-either-ad-libitum-or-restricted-access-to-the-finishing-diet
#10
Víctor Manuel González-Vizcarra, Alejandro Plascencia, Daniel Ramos-Aviña, Richard Avery Zinn
Objective: The influence of substituting steam-flaked corn (SFC) for dry rolled corn (DRC) on feedlot cattle growth performance and dietary net energy when cattle are allowed either ad libitum or 2-h restricted access to the finishing diet was evaluated. Methods: Treatment effects were tested using 96 crossbred steers (251 ±2 kg) during the initial 56 d of the finishing phase. Cattle were blocked by weight and randomly assigned within blocks to 16 pens (4 pens/treatment)...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728382/effects-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-and-its-extraction-on-muscle-fiber-characteristics-in-finishing-pigs-porcine-cell-proliferation-and-isoforms-of-myosin-heavy-chain-gene-expression-in-myocytes
#11
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Xiao Jun He, Fan Wu, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zou
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula (TCMF) on muscle fiber characteristics in finishing pigs and the effects of the formula's extract (distilled water, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extraction) on porcine cell proliferation and isoforms of MyHC gene expression in myocytes. Methods: XThe psoas major muscle was obtained from pigs at the end of the experiment. Muscle fiber characteristics in the psoas major muscle were analyzed using myosin ATPase staining...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728381/blood-haematology-muscle-ph-and-serum-cortisol-changes-in-pigs-with-different-levels-of-drip-loss
#12
Nunyarat Koomkrong, Chaiwat Boonkaewwan, Watchara Laenoi, Autchara Kayan
Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the blood haematology, muscle pH and serum cortisol changes in pigs with different levels of drip loss. Methods: Two groups (low and high) of 20 animals were selected from 100 pigs based on drip loss. All [Duroc × (Large White × Landrace)] pigs were slaughtered according to standard slaughtering procedures. At exsanguinations, blood samples were taken for the haematological parameters and serum cortisol analysis...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728380/effects-of-different-space-allowances-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-and-pork-quality-in-a-grow-to-finish-production-system
#13
J C Jang, X H Jin, J S Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the optimal space allowance on growth performance, blood profile and pork quality of growing-finishing pigs. Methods: A total of ninety crossbred pigs ([Yorkshire x Landrace] x Duroc, 30.25 ± 1.13 kg) were allocated into three treatments (0.96: four pigs / pen, 0.96 m2/pig; 0.80: five pigs / pen, 0.80 m2/pig; 0.69: six pigs / pen, 0.69 m2/pig) in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Pigs were housed in balanced sex and had free access to feed in all phases for 14 weeks (growing phase I, growing phase II, finishing phase I and finishing phase II)...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728379/effects-of-dietary-glutamine-and-arginine-supplementation-on-performance-intestinal-morphology-and-ascites-mortality-in-broiler-chickens-reared-under-cold-environment
#14
Rahim Abdulkarimi, Mohammad Hossien Shahir, Mohsen Daneshyar
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary glutamine (Gln) and arginine (Arg) supplementation on performance, intestinal morphology and ascites mortality in broilers. Methods: A total of 675 day old chicks were randomly allocated to 9 experimental groups in a 3×3 factorial arrangement based on a completely randomized design with 5 replicates of 15 chicks. Three levels of dietary Gln (0, 0.5 and 1%) and Arg (100, 130% and 160% of Ross recommendation) supplementation were used in ascites inducing condition (15±1 ˚C) from 7 to 42 days of age...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728378/phenotypic-diversity-major-genes-and-production-potential-of-local-chickens-and-guinea-fowl-in-tamale-northern-ghana
#15
Michael Mensah Brown, Benjamin Alenyorege, Gabriel Ayum Teye, Regina Roessler
Objective: Our study provides information on phenotypes of local chickens and guinea fowl and their body measures as well as on major genes in local chickens in northern Ghana. Methods: Qualitative and morphometric traits were recorded on 788 local chickens and 394 guinea fowl in urban households in Tamale, Ghana. Results: The results showed considerable variation of color traits and numerous major genes in local chickens, while color variations and related genotypes in guinea fowl were limited...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728375/dynamics-of-shearing-force-and-its-correlations-with-chemical-compositions-and-in-vitro-dry-matter-digestibility-of-stylo-stylosanthes-guianensis-stem
#16
Xuejuan Zi, Mao Li, Hanlin Zhou, Jun Tang, Yimin Cai
Objective: The study explored the dynamics of shearing force and its correlation with chemical compositions and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of stylo. Methods: The shearing force, diameter, linear density, chemical composition and IVDMD of different height stylo stem were investigated. Linear regression analysis was done to determine the relationships between the shearing force and cut height, diameter, chemical composition, or IVDMD. Results: The results showed that shearing force of stylo stem increased with plant height increasing and the crude protein (CP) content and IVDMD decreased but fiber content increased over time, resulting in decreased forage value...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728374/analysis-of-metabolomic-patterns-in-thoroughbreds-before-and-after-exercise
#17
Hyun-Jun Jang, Duk-Moon Kim, Kyu-Bong Kim, Jeong-Woong Park, Jae-Young Choi, Jin Hyeog Oh, Ki-Duk Song, Suhkmann Kim, Byung-Wook Cho
Objective: Evaluation of exercise effects in racehorse is important in horseracing industry and animal health care. In this study, we compared metabolic patterns between before and after exercise to screen metabolic biomarkers for exercise effects in thoroughbreds. Methods: The concentration of metabolites in muscle, plasma, and urine was measured by 1H NMR spectroscopy analysis and the relative metabolite levels in the three samples were compared between before and after exercise...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728372/supplementary-effects-of-higher-levels-of-various-disaccharides-on-processing-yield-quality-properties-and-sensory-attributes-of-chinese-style-pork-jerky
#18
Chih-Ming Chen, Hsien-Tang Lin
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the supplementary effect of higher concentrations of various dissaccharides on processing yield, major physicochemical properties, and sensory attributes of Chinese-style pork jerky (CSPJ). Methods: CSPJ samples were prepared by marinating sliced ham (4 mm) with three dissaccharides, including sucrose, lactose, and maltose, at 0%, 15%, 18%, 21%, and 24%. Subsequently, the CSPJ samples were dried and roasted. The moisture content, water activity, crude protein, moisture-to-protein ratio, pH, processing yield, shear force, color, and sensory attributes of the CSPJ samples were evaluated...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728371/expression-of-fox-related-genes-in-the-skin-follicles-of-inner-mongolia-cashmere-goat
#19
Wenjing Han, Xiaoyan Li, Lele Wang, Honghao Wang, Kun Yang, Zhixin Wang, Ruijun Wang, Rui Su, Zhihong Liu, Yanhong Zhao, Yanjun Zhang, Jinquan Li
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of genes in cashmere goats at different periods of their fetal development. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was used to evaluate data obtained by transcriptome sequencing of fetus skin samples collected from Inner Mongolia cashmere goats on days 45, 55, and 65 of fetal age. Results: We found that FoxN1, FoxE1, and FoxI3 genes of the Fox gene family were probably involved in the growth and development of the follicle and the formation of hair, which is consistent with previous findings...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728365/effects-of-inclusion-level-and-adaptation-period-on-nutrient-digestibility-and-digestible-energy-of-wheat-bran-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#20
Jinbiao Zhao, Shuai Zhang, Fei Xie, Defa Li, Chengfei Huang
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effect of different inclusion levels and adaptation periods on digestible energy (DE) and the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of chemical constituents in diets supplemented with wheat bran. Methods: Thirty-six crossbred barrows with an initial body weight (BW) of 85.0 ± 2.1 kg were allotted to 6 diets in a completely randomized block design with 6 pigs per diet. Diets included a corn-soybean basal diet and 5 additional diets which formulated by replacing corn and soybean meal in control diet with 15, 25, 35, 45, or 55% wheat bran...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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