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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823144/factors-impacting-patient-cooperation-during-elective-gastroscopy
#1
Sang Pyo Lee, In-Kyung Sung, Jeong Hwan Kim, Sun-Young Lee, Hyung Seok Park, Chan Sup Shim
Background/Aims: Some people have difficulty tolerating upper endoscopy. The cause of and risk factors for this are not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors involved in poor cooperation during screening upper endoscopy. Methods: A total of 4,422 subjects who underwent a health inspection with upper endoscopy carried out by a single experienced endoscopist were included. We retrospectively investigated subjects' self-reporting questionnaires and medical records, including endoscopic and histologic findings...
August 22, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823139/effect-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-on-the-total-number-of-piglets-born-per-parity-of-three-different-pig-breeds
#2
Kyoung-Tag Do, Soon-Woo Jung, Kyung-Do Park, Chong-Sam Na
Objective: To determine the effects of genomic breeding values (GBV) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on the total number of piglets born (TNB) in 3 pig breeds (Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire). Methods: After collecting genomic information (Porcine SNP Beadchip) and phenotypic TNB records for each breed, the effects of GBV and SNP were estimated by using single step best linear unbiased prediction (ssBLUP) method. Results: The heritability estimates for TNB in Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire breeds were 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823135/the-meat-quality-muscle-fiber-characteristics-and-fatty-acid-profile-in-jinjiang-and-f1-simmental%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-jinjiang-yellow-cattle
#3
Yue Zheng, Shizhi Wang, Peishi Yan
Objective: This study compared the meat quality, muscle fiber characteristics, and fatty acids between Jinjiang yellow cattle (JJ) and F1 Simmental × Jinjiang yellow cattle (SJ) which were offered the same diet. Methods: Six JJ and six SJ individuals were reared and fattened from 10 to 26 months of age. After feeding, the highrib (HR), ribeye (RB) and tenderloin (TL) samples were taken from the carcass for meat quality evaluations. Results: The results showed that growth performance of SJ was higher than that of JJ (higher live weight and average daily gain), and the hot carcass weight of SJ was higher than that of JJ (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823133/genetic-association-of-swine-leukocyte-antigen-class-ii-haplotypes-and-body-weight-in-microminipigs
#4
Tatsuya Matsubara, Masaki Takasu, Noriaki Imaeda, Naohito Nishii, Satoshi Takashima, Takashi Nishimura, Toshiaki Nishimura, Takashi Shiina, Asako Ando, Hitoshi Kitagawa
Objective: Microminipigs are a novel animal model with extensive applications in laboratory studies owing, in part, to their extremely small body sizes. In this study, the relationship between swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) class II haplotype and body weight was evaluated in the Microminipig population. Methods: A total of 1,900 haplotypes, covering SLA class II haplotypes Lr-0.7, Lr-0.23, Lr-0.17, Lr-0.37, Lr-0.16, Lr-0.11, Lr-0.13, and Lr-0.18, were analyzed in 950 piglets...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823131/effect-of-wheat-bran-and-dried-carrot-pomace-addition-on-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage
#5
Sanjay Yadav, Ashok K Pathera, Rayees Ul Islam, Ashok K Malik, Diwakar P Sharma
Objective: Effect of addition of wheat bran (WB) and dried carrot pomace (DCP) on sensory, textural, colour, physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics of chicken sausage were evaluated. Methods: WB and DCP were used as a source of dietary fibre at 3%, 6% and 9% level individually. Different quality attributes of sausages were estimated. One product from each source with very good sensory acceptability was selected to analyze dietary fibre content and shelf life under refrigerated storage...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823124/administration-of-vitamin-d%C3%A2-by-injection-or-drinking-water-alters-serum-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-concentrations-of-nursery-pigs
#6
Young Dal Jang, Jingyun Ma, Ning Lu, Jina Lim, H James Monegue, Robert L Stuart, Merlin Lindemann
Objective: Two experiments were conducted to evaluate vitamin D₃(VD₃) administration to nursery pigs by injection or in drinking water on serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD₃) concentrations. Methods: At weaning, 51 pigs (27 and 24 pigs in experiments 1 and 2, respectively) were allotted to VD₃ treatments. Treatments in experiment 1 were: 1) control (CON), no vitamin administration beyond that in the diet, 2) intramuscular (i.m.) injection of 40,000 IU of VD₃ at weaning, and 3) water administration, 5,493 IU of VD₃/L drinking water for 14 d postweaning...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823123/carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-spineless-cactus-as-a-replacement-for-sugarcane
#7
Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo, Ida Barbosa de Andrade, Stela Antas Urbano, Juraci Marcos Alves Suassuna, Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Tobias Tobit de Barros Melo
Objective: The fresh sugarcane has been a new roughage source for ruminant's in semiarid region, in function of the decadence of sugar and alcohol industry in the last years. However, the date published for lambs fed sugarcane associated with spineless cactus is scared. This study evaluated the effect of sugarcane replacement with spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100%) in the diet of Santa Inês lambs on carcass characteristics. Methods: Thirty-six non-castrated Santa Ines lambs at four months of age and an initial body weight of 22 ± 2...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823122/genetic-analysis-of-milk-production-traits-of-tunisian-holsteins-using-random-regression-test-day-model-with-legendre-polynomials
#8
Hafedh Ben Zaabza, Abderrahmen Ben Gara, Boulbaba Rekik
Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters of milk, fat, and protein yields within and across lactations in Tunisian Holsteins using a random regression test-day model. Methods: A random regression multiple trait multiple lactation test-day (TD) model was used to estimate genetic parameters in the Tunisian dairy cattle population. Data were TD yields of milk, fat, and protein from the first three lactations. Random regressions were modeled with third-order Legendre polynomials for the additive genetic, and permanent environment effects...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#9
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823109/comparison-of-two-home-sleep-testing-devices-with-different-strategies-for-diagnosis-of-osa
#10
Tyler Gumb, Akosua Twumasi, Shahnaz Alimokhtari, Alan Perez, Kathleen Black, David M Rapoport, Jag Sunderram, Indu Ayappa
PURPOSE: Home sleep testing devices are being widely used in diagnosis/screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We examined differences in OSA metrics obtained from two devices with divergent home monitoring strategies, the Apnea Risk Evaluation System (ARES™, multiple signals plus forehead reflectance oximetry) and the Nonin WristOx2™ (single channel finger transmission pulse oximeter), compared to differences from night-night variability of OSA. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two male/26 female subjects (BMI = 30...
August 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823108/temperature-effect-on-the-development-of-tropical-dragonfly-eggs
#11
F Z Mendonça, J V Bernardy, C E K Oliveira, P B G Oliveira, P De Marco
Physiological constraints in insects are related to several large-scale processes such as species distribution and thermal adaptation. Here, we fill an important gap in ecophysiology knowledge by accessing the relationship between temperature and embrionary development time in four dragonfly species. We evaluated two questions (1) what is the effect of temperature on the development time of Odonata eggs, and (2) considering a degree-day relationship, could a simple linear model describe the dependence of embrionary development time on temperature or it is better described by a more complex non-linear relation...
August 19, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823105/understanding-peripartum-depression-through-neuroimaging-a-review-of-structural-and-functional-connectivity-and-molecular-imaging-research
#12
REVIEW
Christy Duan, Jessica Cosgrove, Kristina M Deligiannidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Imaging research has sought to uncover brain structure, function, and metabolism in women with postpartum depression (PPD) as little is known about its underlying pathophysiology. This review discusses the imaging modalities used to date to evaluate postpartum depression and highlights recent findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Altered functional connectivity and activity changes in brain areas implicated in executive functioning and emotion and reward processing have been identified in PPD...
August 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823104/novel-polymeric-composites-based-on-carboxymethyl-chitosan-and-poly-acrylic-acid-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#13
Qurat-Ul-Ain Sharif, Muhammad Sohail, Mahmood Ahmad, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Shahzeb Khan, Samiullah Khan, Mubeen Kousar
The purpose of the study was to develop a novel, efficient, stable, chemically crosslinked polymeric system that have pH responsive behaviour and can effectively release 5-FU in a controlled manner. Furthermore it can target colonic cancer minimizing the side effects of in vivo chemotherapy via 5-FU. Swelling and drug release studies were performed to evaluate its in vitro release behaviour. Hydrogels were also characterized by FTIR, SEM and DSC. In vitro cytocompatibility and cytotoxicity of the hydrogels were determined by MTT assay using HeLa cells...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823098/modified-rapid-immunohistochemical-staining-for-intraoperative-diagnosis-of-malignant-brain-tumors
#14
Akane Suzuki, Takashi Maruyama, Masayuki Nitta, Takashi Komori, Soko Ikuta, Takakazu Kawamata, Yoshihiro Muragaki
Rapid immunohistochemistry (R-IHC) has been developing mainly as a support technique in the rapid diagnosis of central nervous system tumors; however, there have been problems regarding instability in specimen preparation and immunostaining. To overcome the weakness of this technology, the instability of immunostaining, we developed a modified R-IHC. This was achieved by switching to 4% paraformaldehyde as the fixative solution and utilizing a commercially available Polymer Refine Detection Kit, as a high-sensitivity kit, in place of the secondary antibodies...
August 19, 2017: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823094/impact-of-insecticides-used-in-soybean-crops-to-the-egg-parasitoid-telenomus-podisi-hymenoptera-platygastridae
#15
C S Stecca, A F Bueno, A Pasini, D M Silva, K Andrade, D M Zirondi Filho
The objective of this study was to evaluate possible side effects of insecticides used in soybean crops on pupae and adults of the egg parasitoid Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) under laboratory conditions. The protocol was adapted from standard methodology stablished by the Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms Working Group of the International Organization for Biological and integrated Control (IOBC) for Trichogramma cacoeciae (Marchal) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). All tested benzoylureas, diacylhydrazines, diamides and spinosins as well as pyrethroid beta-cyfluthrin were harmless to T...
August 19, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823088/electrical-signals-triggered-controllable-formation-of-calcium-alginate-film-for-wound-treatment
#16
Xiaoli Liu, Huan Liu, Xue Qu, Miao Lei, Chuchu Zhang, Hua Hong, Gregory F Payne, Changsheng Liu
Wound dressings play important roles in the management of wounds, and calcium cross-linked alginate (Ca(2+)-Alg) is a commonly used hydrogel that is adapted for wound treatment. However, conventional methods for fabricating Ca(2+)-Alg hydrogels can be tedious and difficult to control because of the rapid Ca(2+)-induced gelation of alginate. In this study, An electrodeposition method was used to rapidly and controllably fabricate Ca(2+)-Alg films for wound treatment. Several measures of film growth (e.g., thickness and mass) are shown to linearly correlate to the imposed charge transfer at the electrode...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823085/chromaffin-cells-as-a-model-to-evaluate-mechanisms-of-cell-death-and-neuroprotective-compounds
#17
REVIEW
Cristobal de Los Rios, Maria F Cano-Abad, Mercedes Villarroya, Manuela G López
In this review, we show how chromaffin cells have contributed to evaluate neuroprotective compounds with diverse mechanisms of action. Chromaffin cells are considered paraneurons, as they share many common features with neurons: (i) they synthesize, store, and release neurotransmitters upon stimulation and (ii) they express voltage-dependent calcium, sodium, and potassium channels, in addition to a wide variety of receptors. All these characteristics, together with the fact that primary cultures from bovine adrenal glands or chromaffin cells from the tumor pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 are easy to culture, make them an ideal model to study neurotoxic mechanisms and neuroprotective drugs...
August 19, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823084/effects-of-a-novel-tungsten-impregnated-rubber-neck-shield-on-the-quality-of-cerebral-images-acquired-using-15-o-labeled-gas
#18
Kei Wagatsuma, Keiichi Oda, Kenta Miwa, Motoki Inaji, Muneyuki Sakata, Jun Toyohara, Kiichi Ishiwata, Masayuki Sasaki, Kenji Ishii
The present study aimed to validate the effects of a novel tungsten-impregnated rubber neck shield on the quality of phantom and clinical (15)O-labeled gas positron emission tomography (PET) images. Images were acquired in the presence or absence of a neck shield from a cylindrical phantom containing [(15)O]H2O (phantom study) and from three individuals using [(15)O]CO2, [(15)O]O2 and [(15)O]CO gas (clinical study). Data were acquired in three-dimensional (3D) mode using a Discovery PET/CT 710. Values for cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume, oxygen extraction fraction, and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen with and without the neck shield were calculated from (15)O-labeled gas images...
August 19, 2017: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823082/mir-3910-promotes-the-growth-and-migration-of-cancer-cells-in-the-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Lina Cheng, Hongwei Wang, Shuangyin Han
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have reported that specific depletion of mammalian sterile-like kinase (MST1) in the mouse liver driven Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, how the expression of MST1 was regulated in the progression of HCC remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-3910 in the HCC tissues and cell lines were examined using q-PCR. The functions of miR-3910 in HCC were examined using MTT assay, Boyden chamber assay and soft agar assay...
August 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823077/comparison-of-physical-function-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-biologics-for-1%C3%A2-year-who-achieved-clinical-remission-or-low-disease-activity
#20
Yosuke Hattori, Daihei Kida, Atsushi Kaneko
This study aimed to evaluate whether targeting clinical remission is appropriate for suppressing physical dysfunction in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Subjects were all 75 early RA patients (within 2 years of onset) who were continuously treated with biologics for 12 months at our hospital. We evaluated the Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) and Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI) at 3, 6, and 12 months from the initiation of biologics therapy. Rates of functional remission (HAQ-DI ≤ 0...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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