keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical performance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449551/a-survey-of-korean-physicians-prescription-patterns-for-allergic-rhinitis
#1
Min Young Seo, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hye Mi Jee, Young Min Ahn, Yong Min Kim, Sang Duk Hong
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the prescription patterns according to characteristics of physicians using a survey distributed amongst physicians in Korea. Methods: We surveyed the prescription patterns for allergic rhinitis (AR) of the members of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI) and the Korean Association of Otorhinolaryngologists (KAO). Questionnaire contained 4 categories with 28 queries. 448 physicians including 98 internal medicine (IM), 113 pediatrics (PED), and 237 otorhinolaryngology (ENT) were responded...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449530/quality-improvement-in-the-icu-treat-first-what-kills-first
#2
EDITORIAL
Peter H J van der Voort
Professionals in the ICU, like nurses and doctors, are constantly working on quality improvement by developing protocols and monitoring the implementation with indicators. Protocols and quality indicators are usually based on evidence. Studies on quality improvement often measure the effect of protocols after implementation but frequently cannot replicate the results of the previously performed RCTs in clinical practice. Amongst other reasons, this is due to the selection of patients that are included in RCTs...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449498/trans-tracheostomy-repair-of-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-under-endoscopic-view-in-a-75-year-old-woman
#3
Francesco Paolo Caronia, Alfonso Reginelli, Mario Santini, Roberto Alfano, Sebastiano Trovato, Ettore Arrigo, Alfonso Fiorelli
Tracheo-esophageal fistula is a life-threatening condition for fatal pulmonary complications. Surgery is the treatment of choice. Unfortunately, the most of patients are unfit for surgery and in these cases there is no a standardized management. Herein, we reported a clinical case of a 75-year-old-woman with a tracheoesophageal fistula related to tracheostomy. The fistula was localized 3.5 cm below the vocal folds and extended 3 cm distally. The patient's poor clinical condition contraindicated surgery while the characteristics of fistula prevented any successfully endoscopic repair with standard methods as application of fibrin glue, clipping, or stenting...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449494/clinical-outcomes-for-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-with-adjunctive-resectional-lung-surgery-in-beijing-china
#4
Yan Ma, Yu Pang, Jian Du, Yuhong Liu, Liang Li, Weiwei Gao
The objective of this study was to assess the performance of adjective resectional lung surgery for multidrug resistant (MDR-) and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients in Beijing, China. Between October 1992 and October 2012, 21 MDR/XDR patients undergoing pulmonary resection at Beijing Chest Hospital were enrolled in this study. The clinical outcomes of MDR- and XDR-TB patients were analyzed with a 3-year surgical follow-up. Out of 21 patients enrolled in this study, 20 patients (95.2%) had unilateral cavitary disease, and 1 patient (4...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449486/the-prevalence-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Aljohara S Almeneessier, Samar Z Nashwan, Mostafa Q Al-Shamiri, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S BaHammam
BACKGROUND: One important cardiovascular morbidity that is associated with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, few studies have assessed PH in OHS patients. Therefore, we prospectively assessed the prevalence of PH in a large sample of OHS patients. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, all consecutive OHS patients referred to the sleep disorders clinic during the study period were included...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449480/reconstruction-of-mediastinal-vessels-for-invasive-thymoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-25-cases
#6
Yifeng Sun, Chang Gu, Jianxin Shi, Wentao Fang, Qingquan Luo, Dingzhong Hu, Shijie Fu, Xufeng Pan, Yong Chen, Yu Yang, Haitang Yang, Heng Zhao, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: Discuss an appropriate strategy for treatment of invasive thymoma invading adjacent great vessels. METHODS: A retrospective study on 25 patients with invasive thymoma invading neighboring great vessels was performed. The corresponding data including clinical presentation, operation procedure, adjuvant radio-chemotherapy and follow-up were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty of 25 (80%) patients with invasive thymoma underwent complete resection of the tumor along with vessel reconstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449479/early-results-of-the-sorin-%C3%A2-perceval-s-sutureless-valve-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Karan Sian, Sheila Li, Daneish Selvakumar, Ross Mejia
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MAVR) has demonstrated a benefit with respect to increased patient satisfaction due to minimised pain and earlier recovery. Sutureless valves may benefit MAVR and conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) by reducing operative times and blood transfusion requirements. The Perceval valve (Sorin, Salluggia, Italy) is a self-expanding prosthesis made from bovine pericardium mounted in a nitinol stent, designed to simplify the implantation of an aortic valve...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449475/a-non-randomized-retrospective-observational-study-on-the-subcutaneous-esophageal-reconstruction-after-esophagectomy-is-it-feasible-in-high-risk-patients
#8
Jae Ho Chung, Sung Ho Lee, Eunjue Yi, Jae Seung Jung, Jung Wook Han, Tae Sik Kim, Ho Sung Son, Kwang Taik Kim
BACKGROUND: Esophageal reconstruction after esophagectomy is a complex procedure with high morbidity and mortality. Anastomotic leakage is more severe and frequent in patients with preoperative comorbidities and may present with septic conditions. Considering the possibility of an easier management of such cases, we evaluated the safety and feasibility of subcutaneous esophageal reconstruction in patients with high operative risks. METHODS: We performed a non-randomized retrospective observational study on the 75 (subcutaneous: 21, intrathoracic: 54) esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophageal reconstruction either through subcutaneous or intrathoracic route between January 2003 and February 2015...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449474/impact-of-lymph-node-management-on-resectable-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#9
Apichat Tantraworasin, Somcharoen Saeteng, Sophon Siwachat, Tawatchai Jiarawasupornchai, Nirush Lertprasertsuke, Sarawut Kongkarnka, Chidchanok Ruengorn, Jayanton Patumanond, Emanuela Taioli, Raja M Flores
BACKGROUND: A surgical lung resection with systematic mediastinal lymph node (LN) dissection is recommended by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline. However, the effective number of dissected LNs, stations and positivity is still controversial. The aim of this study is to identify the impact of total numbers, LN stations and positivity of dissected LNs on tumor recurrence and overall death in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: This prognostic study used a retrospective data collection design...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449459/endovascular-repair-of-residual-intimal-tear-or-distal-new-entry-after-frozen-elephant-trunk-for-type-a-aortic-dissection
#10
Xu-Dong Pan, Bin Li, Wei-Guo Ma, Jun Zheng, Yong-Min Liu, Jun-Ming Zhu, Lian-Jun Huang, Li-Zhong Sun
BACKGROUND: In patients with type A dissection, residual dissection and new distal entry tears following the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure adversely affect long-term prognosis. Management include open and endovascular repair, while clinical experience is limited. We evaluate the efficacy of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in management of residual intimal tear or distal new entry tear following FET in patients with type A aortic dissection (TAAD). METHODS: Between May 2003 and April 2013, we performed FET and total arch replacement for 1,003 patients with TAAD...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449428/a-rare-case-of-pancreas-divisum-accompanied-by-acute-pancreatitis-following-endoscopic-hemostasis-for-duodenal-ulcer-bleeding
#11
Yong Hyeok Choi, Soon Man Yoon, Eun Bee Kim, Youngmin Oh, Keunmo Kim, Jisun Lee, Seon Mee Park, Sei Jin Youn
Peptic ulcer bleeding is treated using endoscopic hemostasis using clips or bands. Pancreas divisum (PD), a congenital anomaly of the pancreas, usually has no clinical symptoms; however, pancreatitis may occur if there are disturbances in the drainage of pancreatic secretions. We report an unusual case of PD accompanied by acute pancreatitis, following endoscopic band ligation for duodenal ulcer bleeding. A 48-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to melena. An upper endoscopy revealed a small ulcer with oozing adjacent minor papilla...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449427/trichuris-trichiura-infection-in-north-korean-defector-resulted-in-chronic-abdominal-pain-and-growth-retardation
#12
Jong Bin Kim, Kwang Il Seo, Won Moon
Trichuris trichiura infection is a common helminth infection, which is transmitted via soil, with worldwide distribution, especially in rural areas of developing countries. Occasionally, sporadic cases occur in non-endemic, developed areas due to the widespread of immigration. We experienced a case of Trichuris dysentery syndrome in a young North Korean defector, who had been suffering from chronic abdominal pain for 10 years. He is relatively short and thin compared with his older brother. Unexpectedly, the diagnosis, made by a colonoscopy, revealed numerous, small, white, and gently moving worms at the cecum and ascending colon...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449409/real-time-central-assessment-of-kidney-transplant-indication-biopsies-by-microarrays-the-intercomex-study
#13
Philip F Halloran, Jeff Reeve, Enver Akalin, Olivier Aubert, Georg A Bohmig, Daniel Brennan, Jonathan Bromberg, Gunilla Einecke, Farsad Eskandary, Clement Gosset, Jean-Paul Duong Van Huyen, Gaurav Gupta, Carmen Lefaucheur, Andrew Malone, Roslyn B Mannon, Daniel Seron, Joana Sellares, Matthew Weir, Alexandre Loupy
We performed a prospective trial to assess the feasibility of real-time central molecular assessment of kidney transplant biopsies from 10 North American and European centers. Biopsies taken one day to 34 years post-transplant were stabilized in RNAlater, couriered overnight at ambient temperature to the central laboratory, and processed (29 hour workflow) using microarrays to assess T cell-mediated and antibody-mediated rejection (TCMR, ABMR). Of 538 biopsies submitted, 519 (96%) were sufficient for microarray analysis (average length 3mm)...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449385/linkage-to-hiv-care-after-home-based-hiv-counselling-and-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Eugene Ruzagira, Kathy Baisley, Anatoli Kamali, Samuel Biraro, Heiner Grosskurth
BACKGROUND: Home-based HIV counselling and testing (HBHCT) has the potential to increase HIV testing uptake in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) but data on linkage to HIV care after HBHCT are scarce. We conducted a systematic review of linkage to care after HBHCT in SSA. METHODS: Five databases were searched for studies published between 1(st) January 2000 and 19(th) August 2016 that reported on linkage to care among adults newly identified with HIV infection through HBHCT...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449324/efficacy-and-safety-of-lixisenatide-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-renal-impairment
#15
M Hanefeld, J M Arteaga, L A Leiter, G Marchesini, E Nikonova, M Shestakova, W Stager, R Gómez-Huelgas
AIMS: This post hoc assessment evaluated the efficacy and safety of once-daily, prandial glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist lixisenatide in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and normal renal function (eGFR ≥90 mL/min), or mild (60-89 mL/min) or moderate (30-59 mL/min) renal impairment. METHODS: Patients from nine lixisenatide trials in the GetGoal clinical trial programme were categorized by baseline creatinine clearance: normal renal function (lixisenatide n = 2094, placebo n = 1150); renal impairment (mild: lixisenatide n = 637, placebo n = 414; moderate: lixisenatide n = 122, placebo n = 68)...
April 27, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449323/in-vitro-comparison-of-renal-stone-laser-treatment-using-fragmentation-and-popcorn-technique
#16
Paul Klaver, Tjeerd de Boorder, Alex I Rem, Tycho M T W Lock, Herke Jan Noordmans
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of two laser techniques clinically used to fragment renal stones: fragmenting technique (FT) and popcorn technique (PT). METHODS: Phantom stones were placed in a test tube filled with water, mimicking a renal calyx model. A Holmium:YAG laser was used for fragmentation using both techniques. Four series of experiments were performed with two parameters: the technique (FT or PT) and the number of stones in the test tube (one or four)...
April 27, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449276/the-efficacy-of-thrombolysis-in-lacunar-stroke-evidence-from-the-austrian-stroke-unit-registry
#17
C C J Eggers, C Bocksrucker, L Seyfang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravenous thrombolysis (ivT) with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is established in acute ischaemic stroke. Little is known, however, about its efficacy in different stroke subtypes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 128 733 patients from the Austrian Stroke Unit Registry was performed. Patients were classified as lacunar (LacS) or non-lacunar ischaemic stroke (nonLacS) by use of the clinical syndrome and technical findings...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449199/age-at-onset-and-the-outcomes-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Johanna Immonen, Erika Jääskeläinen, Hanna Korpela, Jouko Miettunen
The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of age at onset on the long-term clinical, social and global outcomes of schizophrenia through a systematic review and a meta-analysis. Original studies were searched from Web of Science, PsycINFO, Pubmed and Scopus, as well as manually. Naturalistic studies with at least a 2-year follow-up were included. Of the 3509 search results, 81 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis was performed in Stata as a random-effect analysis with correlation coefficients between age at onset and the outcomes (categorized into remission, relapse, hospitalization, positive symptoms, negative symptoms, total symptoms, general clinical outcome, employment, social/occupational functioning and global outcome)...
April 27, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449194/center-of-pressure-profiles-in-unilateral-compared-to-bilateral-end-stage-ankle-osteoarthritis-patients
#19
Jonathan R Gladish, Douglas W Powell, Lindsey E Allison, Robin M Queen
Ankle osteoarthritis compromises ankle joint stability in regards to static balance. Unilateral and bilateral osteoarthritis patients often exhibit different limb-loading patterns during static balance tasks. Symmetrical loading has been posited to improve balance performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify balance performance in both ankle osteoarthritis patient groups. Twenty-two unilateral and twenty-one bilateral ankle osteoarthritis patients performed three 10-second quiet standing trials with their feet together...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449113/development-of-a-new-clinical-severity-staging-system-for-patients-with-nonmetastatic-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#20
Omar A Karadaghy, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo
Importance: The inclusion of patient features in addition to tumor morphology provides a more holistic staging system. Objective: To identify prognostically important variables in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) to incorporate into a comprehensive functional severity staging system (FSSS) and clinical severity staging system (CSSS) and to validate the model using a multi-institutional database. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of adults 18 years or older newly diagnosed or treated for nonmetastatic PTC at the Siteman Cancer Center from 1995 through 2012...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
13284
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"