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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457951/from-staff-nurse-to-nurse-consultant-spiritual-care-part-11-atheism
#1
John Fowler
John Fowler, Educational Consultant, explores spiritual care for clinically based nurses.
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457743/a-framework-for-complexity-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study-with-patients-family-carers-and-professionals
#2
Sophie Pask, Cathryn Pinto, Katherine Bristowe, Liesbeth van Vliet, Caroline Nicholson, Catherine J Evans, Rob George, Katharine Bailey, Joanna M Davies, Ping Guo, Barbara A Daveson, Irene J Higginson, Fliss Em Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are often described as complex but evidence on complexity is limited. We need to understand complexity, including at individual patient-level, to define specialist palliative care, characterise palliative care populations and meaningfully compare interventions/outcomes. AIM: To explore palliative care stakeholders' views on what makes a patient more or less complex and insights on capturing complexity at patient-level. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative interviews, analysed using Framework analysis...
February 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456456/developing-and-evaluating-an-instrument-to-measure-recovery-after-intensive-care-the-rain-instrument
#3
Ingegerd Bergbom, Veronika Karlsson, Mona Ringdal
Background: Measuring and evaluating patients' recovery, following intensive care, is essential for assessing their recovery process. By using a questionnaire, which includes spiritual and existential aspects, possibilities for identifying appropriate nursing care activities may be facilitated. The study describes the development and evaluation of a recovery questionnaire and its validity and reliability. Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 30 items on a 5-point Likert scale was completed by 169 patients (103 men, 66 women), 18 years or older (m=69, SD 12...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455628/ng%C3%A4-whak%C3%A4-whitinga-standing-at-the-crossroads-how-m%C3%A4-ori-understand-what-western-psychiatry-calls-schizophrenia
#4
Melissa Taitimu, John Read, Tracey McIntosh
This project explored how Māori understand experiences commonly labelled "schizophrenic" or "psychotic". Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 57 Māori participants who had either personal experiences labelled as "psychosis" or "schizophrenia", or who work with people with such experiences; including tangata whaiora (users of mental health services), tohunga (traditional healers), kaumatua/kuia (elders), Māori clinicians, cultural support workers and students...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454383/multidimensional-needs-of-patients-living-and-dying-with-heart-failure-in-kenya-a-serial-interview-study
#5
Kellen N Kimani, Scott A Murray, Liz Grant
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is an emerging challenge for Sub Saharan Africa. However, research on patients' needs and experiences of care is scarce with little evidence available to support and develop services. We aimed to explore the experiences of patients living and dying with heart failure in Kenya. METHODS: We purposively recruited 18 patients admitted with advanced heart failure at a rural district hospital in Kenya. We conducted serial in depth interviews with patients at 0, 3 and 6 months after recruitment, and conducted bereavement interviews with carers...
February 17, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453604/evaluating-the-impact-of-spirituality-on-the-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-with-cancer-an-observational-transversal-study
#6
Emile Abou Chaar, Souheil Hallit, Aline Hajj, Racha Aaraj, Joseph Kattan, Hicham Jabbour, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
OBJECTIVE: Spiritual well-being was found to have some protective effect against end-of life despair in cancer patients. We aimed at assessing the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, depression, and anxiety of Lebanese cancer patients. METHODS: Our observational transversal monocentric study was conducted between January and April 2016 among a convenient sample of 115 Lebanese cancer patients admitted to Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital (HDF), Beirut-Lebanon...
February 16, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453295/socioeconomic-religious-spiritual-and-health-factors-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-bhutan-s-gross-national-happiness-study-2015
#7
Gyambo Sithey, Mu Li, Li Ming Wen, Patrick J Kelly, Kelly Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders (CMDs) are a major cause of the global burden of disease. Bhutan was the first country in the world to focus on happiness as a state policy; however, little is known about the prevalence and risk factors of CMDs in this setting. We aim to identify socioeconomic, religious, spiritual and health factors associated with symptoms of CMDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: We used data from Bhutan's 2015 Gross National Happiness (GNH) Survey, a multistage, cross-sectional nationwide household survey...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453112/pattern-and-determinants-of-self-reported-enacted-stigma-among-rural-dwellers-living-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-enugu-state-nigeria
#8
Birinus A Ezeala-Adikaibe, Justin U Achor, Eddy Aneke, Uchenna Ijoma, Obinna D Onodugo, Casmir Orjioke, Chinwe Onyekonwu, Oluchi Ekenze
PURPOSE: Epilepsy related stigma is a barrier to recovery and has been linked to a broad range of psychosocial consequences and has the potential to influence the provision of care to people with epilepsy. Understanding the determinants of enacted stigma in epilepsy is relevant in the understanding of the burden of epilepsy in Nigeria. METHOD: Using a semi-structured questionnaire, a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among rural dwellers receiving treatment for epilepsy in a tertiary referral specialist hospital in Enugu, south east Nigeria...
February 10, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451843/caregiver-reactions-to-dementia-symptoms-effects-on-coping-repertoire-and-mental-health
#9
Jaclene A Zauszniewski, Nirmala Lekhak, Carol M Musil
Currently, 15 million informal caregivers, most of whom are women, provide care for older adults with dementia (Alzheimer's Disease Association, 2016). Caregiving for these individuals often creates distress and may adversely affect female caregivers' psychosocial and spiritual well-being. Approximately 35% of dementia caregivers complain of health deterioration after initiating caregiving responsibilities as compared to 19% of caregivers of older adults who do not have dementia (Alzheimer's Disease Association, 2016)...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451835/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-advanced-cancer-patients-who-received-palliative-care-at-a-public-hospital-compared-with-those-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#10
Marvin Omar Delgado-Guay, Jeannette Ferrer, Jewel Ochoa, Hilda Cantu, Janet L Williams, Minjeong Park, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer experience severe physical, psychosocial, and spiritual distress requiring palliative care (PC). There are limited literature regarding characteristics and outcomes of patients evaluated by PC services at public hospitals (PHs). Objective, Design, Setting/Subjects, and Measurements: To compare the outcomes of advanced cancer patients undergoing PC at a PH and those at a comprehensive cancer center (CCC). We reviewed 359 consecutive advanced cancer patients (PH, 180; CCC, 179) undergoing PC...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451588/religiosity-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-bipolar-disorder-a-two-year-prospective-study
#11
André Stroppa, Fernando A Colugnati, Harold G Koenig, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
OBJECTIVE: Few quantitative studies have examined the effect of religious involvement on the course of bipolar disorder (BD). We investigated the effects of religious activity and coping behaviors on the course of depression, mania, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with BD. METHODS: Two-year longitudinal study of 168 outpatients with BD. Linear regression was used to examine associations between religious predictors and outcome variables (manic symptoms, depression, QoL), controlling for sociodemographic variables...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448941/traditional-healing-practices-in-rural-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#12
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446661/stigma-and-spiritual-well-being-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-southern-appalachia
#13
Sadie P Hutson, Caroline K Darlington, Joanne M Hall, R Eric Heidel, Susan Gaskins
The Appalachian South is disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Partly due to the negative connotation that this disease carries in religiously conservative areas, HIV-related stigma remains a critical barrier to HIV care in the South. However, spirituality is a well-documented, effective coping mechanism among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between HIV-related stigma and spiritual well-being among a sample of PLWH (n = 216) in Appalachian counties of Tennessee and Alabama using the HIV Stigma Scale and the Spiritual Well-being Scale...
February 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446050/coping-mechanisms-for-psychosomatic-symptoms-among-aging-roman-catholic-german-priests
#14
Carlos I Man-Ging, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
To identify and investigate coping mechanisms and other factors which may impact upon the psychosomatic symptoms of aging German Roman Catholic priests. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 499 aging German Roman Catholic priests with standardized questionnaires: Brief Symptom Inventory, Coping Inventory Stressful Situations, and Religious Coping Scale. Task-Oriented Coping exhibited a significant difference between the two groups. Multiple regression analyses indicated that psychosomatic symptoms could be best predicted by means of Task-Oriented Coping mechanisms, identification with priesthood, and by a low Negative Religious Coping...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445978/positive-developmental-changes-after-transition-to-high-school-is-retrospective-growth-correlated-with-measured-changes-in-current-status-of-personal-growth
#15
Shuhei Iimura, Kanako Taku
The transition to high school is generally considered as a stressful turning point in adolescent development, but some students experience personal growth (i.e., positive developmental changes) through that experience. It is important to examine the mechanism behind such positive changes to understand various developmental patterns of adolescents during the transition. However, the concept of growth in this research area remains unexplored. Some researchers have questioned whether retrospective, self-reported growth reflects actual positive changes in the perception of personal growth...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440799/is-every-life-worth-saving-does-religion-and-religious-beliefs-influence-paramedic-s-end-of-life-decision-making-a-prospective-questionnaire-based-investigation
#16
Alexander Leibold, Christoph L Lassen, Nicole Lindenberg, Bernhard M Graf, Christoph Hr Wiese
Background: Paramedics, arriving on emergency cases first, have to make end-of-life decisions almost on a daily basis. Faith shapes attitudes toward the meaning and worth of life itself and therefore influences decision-making. Objective: The objective of this study was to detect whether or not religious and spiritual beliefs influence paramedics in their workday life concerning end-of-life decisions, and whether it is legally possible for them to act according to their conscience...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436973/nurses-perceptions-of-competence-in-providing-spiritual-care
#17
Cathy H Abell, Dawn Garrett-Wright, Caitlyn E Abell
PURPOSE: The study examined nurses' perception of competence in providing spiritual care. DESIGN OF STUDY: A descriptive correlational research design with a convenience sample was used. METHOD: Participates completed a demographic questionnaire and the Spiritual Care Competence Scale, which has six domains: assessment and implementation of spiritual care, professionalization and improving the quality of spiritual care, personal support and patient counseling, referral to professionals, attitude toward the patient's spirituality, and communication...
March 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436435/an-overview-of-the-spiritual-importances-of-end-of-life-care-among-the-five-major-faiths-of-the-united-kingdom
#18
Mohsin Choudry, Aishah Latif, Katharine G Warburton
For many who pertain to particular theological paradigms, their faith cannot be compartmentalised, but is mobilised to inform all aspects of their being, most notably their ethical and moral persuasions. As clinicians, the concept that there are good and bad deaths is already known; understanding the origin and depth of non-physical suffering, and aiming to alleviate it is not possible without learning the individual experiences and beliefs that go with it. Spiritual care forms a fundamental consideration in the endeavor to address the holistic experience of those patients receiving palliative care...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433014/a-thought-in-the-park-the-influence-of-naturalness-and-low-level-visual-features-on-expressed-thoughts
#19
Kathryn E Schertz, Sonya Sachdeva, Omid Kardan, Hiroki P Kotabe, Kathleen L Wolf, Marc G Berman
Prior research has shown that the physical characteristics of one's environment have wide ranging effects on affect and cognition. Other research has demonstrated that one's thoughts have impacts on mood and behavior, and in this three-part research program we investigated how physical features of the environment can alter thought content. In one study, we analyzed thousands of journal entries written by park visitors to examine how low-level and semantic visual features of the parks correlate with different thought topics...
February 9, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432086/overcoming-medication-stigma-in-peer-recovery-a-new-paradigm
#20
Noa Krawczyk, Tianna Negron, Maia Nieto, Deborah Agus, Michael I Fingerhood
BACKGROUND: Treatment for opioid use disorder involving opioid-based pharmacotherapies is considered most effective when accompanied by psychosocial interventions. Peer-led support groups are widely available and have been described by many as fundamental to the recovery process. However, some individuals using medications face stigma in these settings, which can be contradictory and counterproductive to their recovery. METHODS: This article describes the development of the Ability, Inspiration and Motivation or "AIM" group, an alternative peer support group that aims to remove medication stigma from peer-recovery...
February 12, 2018: Substance Abuse
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