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Khadijeh Hatamipour, Maryam Rassouli, Farideh Yaghmaie, Kazem Zendedel
Background and objectives: Spiritual needs are very important requirements to cancer patients. A valid and reliable instrument is needed for evaluation. This study was conducted to psychometrically evaluate a Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) for cancer patients in Iran. Methods: In this study, the methodology and psychometric properties of the Farsi version of the SpNQ (Büssing et al., (2010)) were evaluated, based on the model proposed by Wilde et al., (2005). The study population included cancer patients referred to the largest referral center in Iran...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ines Testoni, Lucia Ronconi, Lorenza Palazzo, Michele Galgani, Antonio Stizzi, Kate Kirk
This study describes the psychological effects of an experience of death education (DE) used to explore a case of suicide in an Italian high school. DE activities included philosophical and religious perspectives of the relationships between death and the meaning of life, a visit to a local hospice, and psychodrama activities, which culminated in the production of short movies. The intervention involved 268 high school students (138 in the experimental group). Pre-test and post-test measures assessed ontological representations of death, death anxiety, alexithymia, and meaning in life...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Annemieke Vogel, Annemiek E Schep-Akkerman
BACKGROUND: Spiritual care to patients is important for their well-being, and nurses do have a crucial role in it. Previous research focused on self-assessed competence in providing spiritual care, but little is known about the actual provision. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to evaluate how often nurses provide spiritual care, (ii) if or which association there is between self-assessed competency and provision of spiritual care, and (iii) to study which factors do have influence on delivering spiritual care...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Victor Counted, Adam Possamai, Tanya Meade
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of evidence-based research on relational spirituality (RS) and quality of life (QoL) in medical-health research, little is known about the links between RS and QoL outcomes and the mechanisms by which RS aspects are functionally tied to QoL. OBJECTIVE: To determine how RS is perceived/positioned in relation to QoL, we (a) examined recent available data that identify and appraise the links between RS and QoL; (b) identified themes emerging from the association between RS and QoL, and (c) discussed the implications of the effects of RS on QoL outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Millie Hepburn
PURPOSE: To improve understanding of variables impacting health promotion behaviors among urban Black women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used. Urban Black women (N = 132) between the ages of 30 to 64 years participated. SETTING: The study was conducted in a U.S. metropolitan region in 2015. MEASURES: Health literacy (Newest Vital Sign [NVS]), self-efficacy (New General Self-Efficacy Scale [NGSE]), and readiness for change (Health Risk Instrument [HRI]) were correlated with health promotion behaviors (Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II [HPLPII])...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Massimo Romanò
Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of hospitalization in high-income countries and has a profound negative impact on quality of life. In the United States there are more than 900,000 new cases per year and over one million hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of HF. A prevalence of 6,500,000 cases (2.2% of the population of aged >20 years) was estimated for the US in 2014, in which there were 300,000 related deaths. Although survival has increased, thanks to the pharmacological and non pharmacological therapy, roughly 50% of HF patients die within 5 years of being diagnosed...
April 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael, Kokeb Tesfamariam Hadush, Ermiyas Mulu Kebede, Robel Tezera Zegeye
BACKGROUND: Though HIV/AIDS has multidimensional consequences on quality of life, there is a gap in measuring and monitoring health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients. Hence, this study intended to measure health related quality of life domains and associated determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in western Ethiopia. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among 520 HIV/AIDS patients on anti-retroviral therapy in public health facilities in West Shoa Zone, Western Ethiopia from April to May, 2016...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
Bernadett Eigner
I deal with children struggling with emotional and behavioral disorders, applying my own method, the Integrative Play Diagnostics and Play Therapy (IJDP - English: IPDT) while also cooperating with parents. During my Play Therapy work, I have worked with a mother who turned to me because of her child's behavioral problems. In the examination phase of our session, I have asked both mother and child to draw several pictures. From these drawings, I analyzed the human figure, mother-child, and bird nest themes, with a focus on behavior in order to understand their motives and dynamics of the spiritual processes, and to be able to plan the therapy and organize consultations with the parents...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Ann A Soliman, Mouna Khouchani, Elisha P Renne
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer affecting women globally and in Morocco, where more than one fourth of patients are diagnosed at advanced stages. This study aimed to investigate sociocultural barriers that contribute to delayed presentation and diagnosis of breast cancer among women in Marrakesh, Morocco. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 breast cancer patients who received care at the CHU Mohammed VI Hospital in Marrakesh to elicit barriers to diagnosis and treatment and ease of access to care...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Simone R Mohi, Frank P Deane, Anne Bailey, Dianne Mooney-Reh, Danielle Ciaglia
Background: Consumer feedback identifies a new challenge in the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is to address the discrepancy between clinical treatment targets and the more personally meaningful goals people are seeking in treatment. This highlights the need to increase clarification of people's values and link these to therapy goals. The current study explores ways in which individuals with BPD identify with values across key life domains. Methods: At initial assessment 106 consumer participants attending an outpatient clinic for the treatment of BPD completed the Personal Values Questionnaire by Blackledge and colleagues...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Mehak Swami, Amy Allen Case
It is important for oncologists who provide comprehensive cancer care to be familiar with the principles of primary palliative care and interdisciplinary team-based approaches to palliative care. Palliative care is a medical subspecialty that provides specialized care to individuals with serious illnesses, with a primary focus on providing symptom relief, pain management, and relief from psychosocial distress, regardless of diagnosis or prognosis. Ideally, palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, and chaplains...
April 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Jennifer W Mack, Karen M Fasciano, Susan D Block
Purpose Communication about prognosis affects decisions patients and family members make about cancer care, and most patients say they want to know about their chances of cure. We sought to evaluate experiences with prognosis communication among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Patients and Methods We surveyed 203 AYAs with cancer age 15 to 29 years (response rate, 74%) treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and their oncologists. Patients were approached within 6 weeks of diagnosis and asked to report on their prognosis communication preferences and experiences, their beliefs about likelihood of cure, and psychosocial outcomes of communication, such as trust (using an item from the Trust in Physician Scale), peace of mind (using select items from the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale), and anxiety and depression (using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Matthew H Bilhimer, Rachel F Schult, Kristan V Higgs, Timothy J Wiegand, Rachel M Gorodetsky, Nicole M Acquisto
Ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic tea that is most commonly comprised of the vine Banisteriopsis caapi alone or in combination with other plants such as Psychotria viridis . This concoction results in an orally active form of dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a hallucinogenic amine. Despite use in South America as a medicinal agent and component in religious ceremonies, interest in its recreational use and spiritual effects has led to increased use in the United States. We describe a unique case following ingestion of ayahuasca tea in a patient with history of schizophrenia resulting in personal injury and property damage...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Guilherme Ramos Sens, Gina Andrade Abdala, Maria Dyrce Dias Meira, Silvana Bueno, Harold G Koenig
This study examines the association between religiosity and physician lifestyle from a Family Health Strategy perspective. This is a cross-sectional study with 30 physicians, who completed the religiosity and lifestyle questionnaires. Among the participants, 70% (n = 21) had no "focus" on spirituality and health. The average total lifestyle score was 74.1 (SD = 8.1), but the "Physical Activity" subscale score was below average (3.4, SD = 2.37). We found eight significant correlations between religiosity and lifestyle subscales (p < 0...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
David R Paine, Steven J Sandage, Elizabeth G Ruffing, Peter C Hill
A number of studies have examined the mediating factors in the relationship between religion and spirituality (R/S) and psychological health. Humility is a virtue that has been positively correlated with R/S variables, measures of well-being, and indicators of psychosocial functioning. In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Travis J Pashak, Michelle D Justice, Brittany R Burns, Kari I Lahar, Paul J Handal, Chelsi Creech
We begin with a review of death anxiety in emerging adults and then report on a descriptive survey study using the Revised Livingston-Zimet Death Anxiety Scale (RLZDAS). Research questions dealt with the RLZDAS' factor structure, demographic patterns, and hypothesized correlations with distress and religiosity/spirituality. We surveyed university-enrolled emerging adults (n = 706). Findings included a 3-factor solution on the RLZDAS (cognitive, repressive, and affective) and no appreciable relationships with demographic factors...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
S M Skevington, J R Böhnke
Subjective well-being (SWB) and subjective quality of life (QoL) are key concepts describing experience, capacities, states, behaviours, appraisals, and emotional reactions to circumstances. Used widely in public discourse, policy, and research, their theoretical and empirical relations remain little explored. The present research aimed to develop an integrated model of SWB and QoL through empirically testing its overlapping and exclusive dimensions. Survey data was obtained from N = 2533 in 11 countries...
April 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Mohd Arif Atarhim, Susan Lee, Beverley Copnell
The increasing evidence that spirituality is a critical component for promoting health and well-being has made spirituality more significant to nursing practice. However, although nurses' perceptions of spirituality have been studied in western countries, there has been little research on this topic in Southeast Asian countries where religions other than Christianity predominate. This study explores Malaysian nurses' perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and examines associations between socio-demographics and their perceptions...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Masoud Rayyani, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Several studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors' lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor's lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Suhair Hussni Al-Ghabeesh, Ali Ahmad Alshraifeen, Ahmad Rajeh Saifan, Ibraheem Hassan Bashayreh, Karimeh Mousa Alnuaimi, Haya Ali Masalha
The aim of this systematic review was to answer these questions: What does spirituality means to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)? And are there associations between spirituality and the health outcomes and general well-being of patients with ESRD? Thirty-three studies met the review criteria. Meaning of spirituality for patients with ESRD and spirituality in the lives of patients with ESRD were the main themes emerged. There is growing evidence that suggests a positive relationship between spirituality and the health outcomes and well-being of ESRD patients...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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