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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913870/managing-knee-osteoarthritis-with-yoga-or-aerobic-strengthening-exercise-programs-in-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Corjena Cheung, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Teresa McCarthy, Kyle Rudser, Michelle A Mathiason
Although exercise is often recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA), limited evidence-based exercise options are available for older adults with OA. This study compared the effects of Hatha yoga (HY) and aerobic/strengthening exercises (ASE) on knee OA. Randomized controlled trial with three arms design was used: HY, ASE, and education control. Both HY and ASE groups involved 8 weekly 45-min group classes with 2-4 days/week home practice sessions. Control group received OA education brochures and weekly phone calls from study staff...
December 2, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909570/need-for-accessible-infertility-care-in-ghana-the-patients-voice
#2
Nana Yaw Osei
According to the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) infertility and childlessness are the most important reason for divorce in Ghana. The traditional Ghanaian society is pro-natal and voluntary childlessness is very uncommon. Patient groups are almost non-existent in Sub-Saharan Africa, aggravating the situation of childless couples. Due to the lack of enough and affordable high quality infertility services, many women resort to traditional healing, witchcraft and spiritual mediation. Considering the severe sociocultural and economic consequences of childlessness, especially for women, there is an urgent need for accessible and affordable high quality infertility care in Ghana...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909236/sexual-risk-behaviors-of-african-american-adolescent-females-the-role-of-cognitive-and-religious-factors
#3
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909165/psilocybin-produces-substantial-and-sustained-decreases-in-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#4
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, Michael A Carducci, Annie Umbricht, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Mary P Cosimano, Margaret A Klinedinst
: Cancer patients often develop chronic, clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety. Previous studies suggest that psilocybin may decrease depression and anxiety in cancer patients. The effects of psilocybin were studied in 51 cancer patients with life-threatening diagnoses and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial investigated the effects of a very low (placebo-like) dose (1 or 3 mg/70 kg) vs. a high dose (22 or 30 mg/70 kg) of psilocybin administered in counterbalanced sequence with 5 weeks between sessions and a 6-month follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908851/natasha-rostova-a-spiritual-recovery-from-depression-in-war-and-peace-psychiatry-in-literature
#6
Hannah Marcarian, Paul O Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906720/decisions-regarding-forgoing-life-sustaining-treatments
#7
Gail A Van Norman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Decisions to forego life-sustaining treatments are complex, and disagreements between physicians and patients occur. This review discusses recent findings regarding what factors influence physicians and patients or their surrogates in these decisions and considers whether futility arguments regarding life-sustaining treatments should be abandoned. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one paradigm in the literature for studying end-of-life decision-making...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#8
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901626/experiences-of-living-with-opioid-dependence-an-interview-study-among-individuals-participating-in-medication-assisted-treatment
#9
Ylva Melin, Margita Eklund, Britt-Marie Lindgren
In order to describe experiences of living with opioid dependence, thirteen interviews were conducted with people participating in medication-assisted treatment. The results showed that living with opioid dependence is about the two-faced drug. The participant's past was a constant burden in life, and the drug filled a spiritual emptiness. The participant's described a life in chaos and pain, and furthermore, a life without dignity and in alienation. Opioid dependence means great suffering. Having a holistic view and by gaining an understanding of the complexities of opioid dependence, healthcare professionals can provide nonjudgmental and respectful treatment...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901625/recovery-in-substance-use-disorders-what-to-know-to-inform-practice
#10
Julie Worley
Use of illicit substances and nonmedical use of prescription medication worldwide has increased dramatically in the past several years. Approximately 10% of people who use illicit substances will develop a substance use disorder (SUD). Similar to other chronic health disorders, periods of remission and exacerbation commonly occur in SUDs. Due to stigma and difficulty with definition, terminology related to SUDs has changed and evolved. Terms referring to nonuse of substances such as sobriety and abstinence are likely best replaced with the term remission...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#11
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900726/survey-on-german-palliative-care-specialists-experiences-with-advance-directives
#12
Julia Zenz, Michael Zenz
INTRODUCTION: Advance directives (AD) play a central role in end-of-life treatments, intensive care, and palliative care. However, little is known about the experiences of healthcare professionals with ADs. This study reports on palliative care professionals' views on advance directives (AD). METHODS: A questionnaire was handed out to attendants of a palliative care symposium. RESULTS: Complete answers were obtained from 126 physicians and 276 nurses...
November 29, 2016: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900639/the-boundaries-of-woman-s-spirituality-in-the-beliefs-spirituality-religiousness-b-s-r-model-a-third-perspective-beliefs-as-a-cognitive-basis
#13
Katarzyna Skrzypińska
The real nature of the phenomenon of woman's Spirituality is the main contemporary challenge for empirical research. The literature needs many more examples of the cognitive genesis of worldviews, Spirituality and Religiousness. The first aim of this article is to present the central tenet of the Threefold Nature of Spirituality model which theoretically explains the nature of Spirituality and the theoretical relationship between beliefs (worldviews), Spirituality and Religiousness (B-S-R model). The second aim is the empirical verification of this relationship through the application of an analysis of mediation...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896534/reactions-and-strategies-of-german-catholic-priests-to-cope-with-phases-of-spiritual-dryness
#14
Arndt Büssing, Jochen Sautermeister, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
We investigated strategies of 763 Catholic priests (response rate 36%) to deal with phases of spiritual dryness, specifically their reactions toward these feelings, and which strategies were used. Most priests have found strategies to cope with feelings of spiritual dryness. Those who have managed to overcome these phases were stimulated "all the more to help others" and experienced "deeper spiritual clarity and depth." Whatever strategy was chosen (we differentiated eight strategies in various combinations), there were no significant differences for priests' self-efficacy expectation, transcendence perception or life satisfaction...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894377/effect-of-a-spiritual-care-training-program-for-staff-on-patient-outcomes
#15
Grace Meijuan Yang, Yung Ying Tan, Yin Bun Cheung, Weng Kit Lye, Sock Hui Amy Lim, Wan Ru Ng, Christina Puchalski, Patricia Soek Hui Neo
OBJECTIVE: Physicians and nurses do not assess spirituality routinely, even though spiritual care is a vital part of palliative care for patients with an advanced serious illness. The aim of our study was to determine whether a training program for healthcare professionals on spirituality and the taking of a spiritual history would result in improved patient quality of life (QoL) and spiritual well-being. METHOD: This was a cluster-controlled trial of a spiritual care training program for palliative care doctors and nurses...
November 29, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894342/inequalities-in-the-spiritual-health-of-young-canadians-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#16
Valerie Michaelson, John Freeman, Nathan King, Hannah Ascough, Colleen Davison, Tracy Trothen, Sian Phillips, William Pickett
BACKGROUND: Spiritual health, along with physical, emotional, and social aspects, is one of four domains of health. Assessment in this field of research is challenging methodologically. No contemporary population-based studies have profiled the spiritual health of adolescent Canadians with a focus on health inequalities. In a 2014 nationally representative sample of Canadians aged 11-15 years we therefore: (1) psychometrically evaluated a series of items used to assess the perceived importance of spiritual health and its four potential sub-domains (connections with: self, others, nature and the natural environment, and the transcendent) to adolescents; (2) described potential inequalities in spiritual health within adolescent populations, overall and by spiritual health sub-domain, by key socio-demographic factors...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893586/spiritual-immersion-developing-and-evaluating-a-simulation-exercise-to-teach-spiritual-care-to-undergraduate-nursing-students
#17
Sharon Galloway, Mikel W Hand
This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a simulation exercise designed to teach spiritual care to prelicensure nursing students. Participation in a spiritual care simulation resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes relating to spirituality and spiritual care. The results from this study demonstrate the value of using simulation and spiritual assessment to teach students how to recognize and respond therapeutically to spiritual needs.
November 23, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#18
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890024/end-of-life-experiences-and-deathbed-phenomena-as-reported-by-brazilian-healthcare-professionals-in-different-healthcare-settings
#19
Claudia Soares Dos Santos, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Peter Fenwick, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to describe and compare the characteristics and reports of end-of-life experiences (ELEs) by healthcare professionals at different institutions and to investigate the influence of religious beliefs on these reports. METHOD: A multicenter study was carried out in Brazil that included six nursing homes (NHs), a cancer hospital (ONC), and a palliative care (PC) unit. Sociodemographic data, ELE reports (Fenwick's questionnaire), religiosity (the Duke Religion Index), spirituality (the Spirituality Self-Rating Scale), and mental health (the DASS-21 questionnaire) were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888279/predictors-of-liver-transplant-patient-survival-a-critical-review-using-a-holistic-framework
#20
Lisiane Pruinelli, Karen A Monsen, Cynthia R Gross, David M Radosevich, György J Simon, Bonnie L Westra
OBJECTIVE: Liver transplantation is a costly and risky procedure, representing 25 050 procedures worldwide in 2013, with 6729 procedures performed in the United States in 2014. Considering the scarcity of organs and uncertainty regarding prognosis, limited studies address the variety of risk factors before transplantation that might contribute to predicting patient's survival and therefore developing better models that address a holistic view of transplant patients. This critical review aimed to identify predictors of liver transplant patient survival included in large-scale studies and assess the gap in risk factors from a holistic approach using the Wellbeing Model and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement...
November 25, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
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