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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719223/from-bench-to-bedside-converting-placebo-research-into-belief-activation
#1
Jen Green, Heather Wright
Research on the placebo effect contains important elements that can be harnessed to improve clinical care. This paper proposes a new term, "Belief Activation," to describe the deliberate use of placebo effect tools by both patients and clinicians to catalyze healing. Belief Activation includes, but is not limited to, maximizing patient and practitioner expectations, classical and social conditioning, spirituality and prayer/intention, therapeutic relationship, healing environments, and minimizing the nocebo effect...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718053/family-interdependence-spiritual-perspective-self-transcendence-and-depression-among-korean-college-students
#2
Suk-Sun Kim, R David Hayward, Minji Gil
The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms that might account for the effects of spirituality and self-transcendence on Korean college students' depression among 197 Korean fathers, mothers, and children. A structural equation analysis indicated that spiritual perspective related to lower depression through the mediating pathway of self-transcendence for individuals. Mothers' spiritual perspective and self-transcendence related to their children's depression through the mediating pathway of their own depression, but the same was not true for fathers...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716619/attachment-insecurity-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-brief-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-ecr-m16-g
#3
Philipp Rebecca, Vehling Sigrun, Scheffold Katharina, Grünke Britta, Härter Martin, Mehnert Anja, Schulz-Kindermann Frank, Lo Christopher
CONTEXT: Attachment insecurity refers to difficulty in trusting and relying on others in times of need. Its underlying factors attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have been empirically associated with impaired coping in advanced cancer, and therefore should be considered in individually tailored medical and psychosocial treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the Brief Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR-M16-G)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716617/dignity-therapy-and-life-review-for-palliative-care-patients-a-qualitative-study
#4
Dean Vuksanovic, Heather Green, Shirley Morrissey, Sharelle Smith
CONTEXT: Dignity Therapy (DT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention whose aim is to bolster the sense of purpose, meaning and sense of dignity in patients with terminal disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore, compare and better understand the content of standard DT, waitlist DT (WDT) and Life Review (LR) that utilised the DT interview protocol but omitted the creation of legacy documents. METHODS: Efficacy of these interventions was previously documented in a sample of 56 participants...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716616/relationship-between-spirituality-meaning-in-life-psychological-distress-wish-for-hastened-death-and-their-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-palliative-care-patients
#5
Mathieu Bernard, Florian Strasser, Claudia Gamondi, Giliane Braunschweig, Michaela Forster, Karin Kaspers-Elekes, Silvia Walther Veri, Gian Domenico Borasio
CONTEXT: Spiritual, existential, and psychological issues represent central components of quality of life (QOL) in palliative care. A better understanding of the dynamic underlying these components is essential for the development of interventions tailored to the palliative context. OBJECTIVES: The aims were to explore (i) the relationship between spirituality, meaning in life, wishes for hastened death and psychological distress in palliative patients, and (ii) the extent to which these non-physical determinants influence QOL...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708439/perspectives-spiritual-metrics-inform-and-transform-recovery-oriented-trauma-informed-direct-care
#6
Ann E Helmke, Janna Lesser, Jacquelyn H Flaskerud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707856/science-and-orthodox-christianity-an-overview
#7
Efthymios Nicolaidis, Eudoxie Delli, Nikolaos Livanos, Kostas Tampakis, George Vlahakis
This essay offers an overview of the history of the relations between science and Eastern Christianity based on Greek-language sources. The civilizations concerned are the Byzantine Empire, the Christian Orthodox communities of the Ottoman Empire, and modern Greece, as a case study of a national state. Beginning with the Greek Church Fathers, the essay investigates the ideas of theologians and scholars on nature. Neoplatonism, the theological debates of Iconoclasm and Hesychasm, the proposed union of the Eastern and Western Churches, and the complex relations with the Hellenic past all had notable impacts on the conception of science held by the Byzantine Orthodox...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705314/palliative-care-in-heart-failure-the-pal-hf-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Joseph G Rogers, Chetan B Patel, Robert J Mentz, Bradi B Granger, Karen E Steinhauser, Mona Fiuzat, Patricia A Adams, Adam Speck, Kimberly S Johnson, Arun Krishnamoorthy, Hongqiu Yang, Kevin J Anstrom, Gwen C Dodson, Donald H Taylor, Jerry L Kirchner, Daniel B Mark, Christopher M O'Connor, James A Tulsky
BACKGROUND: Advanced heart failure (HF) is characterized by high morbidity and mortality. Conventional therapy may not sufficiently reduce patient suffering and maximize quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether an interdisciplinary palliative care intervention in addition to evidence-based HF care improves certain outcomes. METHODS: The authors randomized 150 patients with advanced HF between August 15, 2012, and June 25, 2015, to usual care (UC) (n = 75) or UC plus a palliative care intervention (UC + PAL) (n = 75) at a single center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702737/the-relationship-of-anxiety-and-depression-to-subjective-well-being-in-a-mainland-chinese-sample
#9
Christopher Malone, Amy Wachholtz
This pilot study examines anxiety, depression, and well-being in a mainland Chinese sample and discusses the implications for mental health care. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being, and the Body Mind Spirit Well-Being Inventory were administered to 60 mainland China residents. Correlational analyses revealed significant relationships among depression, anxiety, and every domain of well-being except the faith domain. Levels of depression and anxiety are inversely related to levels of well-being in a mainland Chinese sample...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699996/quality-of-life-and-religious-spiritual-coping-in-palliative-cancer-care-patients
#10
Ticiane Dionizio de Sousa Matos, Silmara Meneguin, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Ferreira, Helio Amante Miot
Objectives: to compare the quality of life and religious-spiritual coping of palliative cancer care patients with a group of healthy participants; assess whether the perceived quality of life is associated with the religious-spiritual coping strategies; identify the clinical and sociodemographic variables related to quality of life and religious-spiritual coping. Method: cross-sectional study involving 96 palliative outpatient care patient at a public hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo and 96 healthy volunteers, using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Brief Religious-Spiritual Coping scale...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699834/the-concept-of-recovery-as-experienced-by-persons-with-dual-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-on-qualitative-research-from-a-first-person-perspective
#11
C De Ruysscher, S Vandevelde, W Vanderplasschen, J De Maeyer, S Vanheule
Objectives - In recent years, the concept of recovery has gained ground in the treatment of persons with dual diagnosis (DD). Recovery refers to living a meaningful life despite limitations caused by mental illness and substance use disorders. It also implies that support for persons with DD should be organized according to the personal needs and wishes of its users. Therefore, it is important to gain insight into the aspects that persons with DD deem important for their recovery process. This systematic review aims to summarize existing qualitative research on the meaning of recovery from the perspective of persons with DD...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698861/spiritual-therapy-in-coping-with-cancer-as-a-complementary-medical-preventive-practice
#12
REVIEW
Abolfazl Movafagh, Mohammad Hassan Heidari, Morteza Abdoljabbari, Neda Mansouri, Afsoon Taghavi, Aliasghar Karamatinia, Narjes Mehrvar, Mehrdad Hashemi, Mona Ghazi
There are many of methods of treating cancer. However, the concept of curing the cancer is beyond our current knowledge. Some patients who have the cancer may seek an alternative manner of curing their disease. Alternative medicines, such as spiritual and complementary therapy, are able to cure the cancer and, at the least, are safe. Research on the importance of spirituality in cancer care has mainly been performed in geographically heterogeneous populations. The results are limited to these specific religious-cultural contexts and enlightened by contributions from ethnicity and religion...
June 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694708/spiritual-care-may-impact-mental-health-and-medication-adherence-in-hiv-populations
#13
Valerie U Oji, Leslie C Hung, Reza Abbasgholizadeh, Flora Terrell Hamilton, E James Essien, Evaristus Nwulia
OBJECTIVE: To explore a potential role for spirituality in medication-related needs assessment for integrated care in chronically ill populations. METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted to explore the impact of faith beliefs on health and/or medication adherence in individuals with depression and/or HIV+/AIDS. Retrospective electronic medical record review of adult HIV+ patients of an urban primary care clinic with integrated mental health services was conducted, with Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Symptoms Screener (SAMISS), major depressive disorder (MDD) incidence over the preceding year, and history of contact with a spiritual advisor...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694278/cultivating-the-inner-life-of-a-physician-through-written-reflection
#14
Andrea Vicini, Allen F Shaughnessy, Ashley P Duggan
All of us have an "inner life" that forms the core of who we are. It shapes and is shaped by our actions and experiences. During physician training, attention to residents' inner life requires a focus on their beliefs and emotions as well as their ethical and spiritual development, topics often considered to be outside the realm of clinical training and practice. We suggest that written reflections, as part of medical residency curriculum, can allow residents to explore their inner lives. The depth and range of residents' explorations show the value of adding brief, protected time for residents to explore their hopes, joys, struggles, and feelings, and to develop meaning from their experiences with patients...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693842/sustaining-a-career-in-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Mary L Brandt
Surgery is a demanding career with great rewards and equally great challenges. In order to sustain our careers as well as the careers of our colleagues, it is important to understand and address the physical, psychological and spiritual challenges of surgery. With rare exception, the majority of surgery residents and practicing surgeons who prematurely leave surgery do so because they find the work to be physically, emotionally or spiritually incompatible with the vision they have for their life. Understanding these issues and providing solutions to improve surgeon wellness can help prevent societal loss of these highly trained professionals and suffering for surgeons and their families...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#16
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689270/spiritual-openness-revisiting-a-potentially-important-aspect-of-spirituality-scale-review-and-revision
#17
Joshua C Eyer, Shweta Kapoor, Martha A Combs, Emberly M Jay, Beverly E Thorn
Religiousness and spirituality (R/S) exert important influences on individuals across a range of domains. Spiritual Openness is theoretically linked with the personality trait of Openness to Experience, suggesting promise for future research. Using responses from 366 undergraduates on the Spiritual Experience Index-Revised (SEI-R: subscales of Spiritual Openness and Spiritual Support), analyses evaluated and revised the SEI-R, deleting poor items and generating a 10-item measure. The new SEI-S exhibits better psychometric properties and reduced participant burden, and subscales displayed a curvilinear relationship in which increases in Spiritual Openness showed a trade-off in levels of Spiritual Support...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688910/burden-of-palliative-care-issues-encountered-by-radiation-oncologists-caring-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#18
Gregory M Parker, Virginia T LeBaron, Monica Krishnan, Ron Y Shiloh, Alexander Spektor, Lauren Hertan, Tracy A Balboni
PURPOSE: Radiation oncologists frequently provide care for patients with advanced cancer who are in their last months or weeks of life. This study examined the previously not well-characterized types and frequencies of palliative care issues encountered in consultations for palliative radiation therapy (PRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective, survey-based study assessed consecutive consults for PRT from May 19, 2014, to September 26, 2014 at 3 Boston-area community and academic, hospital-based centers...
May 25, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685660/recovery-from-substance-abuse-among-zimbabwean-men-an-occupational-transition
#19
Clement Nhunzvi, Roshan Galvaan, Liesl Peters
Substance abuse is a rising global problem, associated with medical, psychiatric, family, occupational, legal, political, financial, and spiritual problems. Recovery is an important area of consideration in occupational therapy's quest to promoting health and well-being. This narrative inquiry explored the journey of recovery from substance abuse among young adult Zimbabwean men. Three men were purposively selected to participate in in-depth narrative interviews about their occupations during recovery. Data were analyzed using a narrative analysis...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683579/communication-disability-in-fiji-community-self-help-and-help-seeking-support
#20
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh, Cen Wang, Epenisa N Rakanace
PURPOSE: To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. METHOD: Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. RESULT: Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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