keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prc2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229514/mutations-in-genes-encoding-polycomb-repressive-complex-2-subunits-cause-weaver-syndrome
#1
Eri Imagawa, Ken Higashimoto, Yasunari Sakai, Chikahiko Numakura, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Satoko Matsunaga, Akihide Ryo, Yoshinori Sato, Masafumi Sanefuji, Kenji Ihara, Yui Takada, Gen Nishimura, Hirotomo Saitsu, Takeshi Mizuguchi, Satoko Miyatake, Mitsuko Nakashima, Noriko Miyake, Hidenobu Soejima, Naomichi Matsumoto
Weaver syndrome is a rare congenital overgrowth disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2) or EED (embryonic ectoderm development). EZH2 and EED are core components of the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), which possesses histone methyltransferase activity and catalyzes trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27. Here, we analyzed eight probands with clinically suspected Weaver syndrome by whole exome sequencing and identified three mutations: a 25.4-kb deletion partially involving EZH2 and CUL1 (individual 1), a missense mutation (c...
February 22, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228601/loss-of-tumor-suppressor-kdm6a-amplifies-prc2-regulated-transcriptional-repression-in-bladder-cancer-and-can-be-targeted-through-inhibition-of-ezh2
#2
Lian Dee Ler, Sujoy Ghosh, Xiaoran Chai, Aye Aye Thike, Hong Lee Heng, Ee Yan Siew, Sucharita Dey, Liang Kai Koh, Jing Quan Lim, Weng Khong Lim, Swe Swe Myint, Jia Liang Loh, Pauline Ong, Xin Xiu Sam, Dachuan Huang, Tony Lim, Puay Hoon Tan, Sanjanaa Nagarajan, Christopher Wai Sam Cheng, Henry Ho, Lay Guat Ng, John Yuen, Po-Hung Lin, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Ying-Hsu Chang, Wen-Hui Weng, Steven G Rozen, Patrick Tan, Caretha L Creasy, See-Tong Pang, Michael T McCabe, Song Ling Poon, Bin Tean Teh
Trithorax-like group complex containing KDM6A acts antagonistically to Polycomb-repressive complex 2 (PRC2) containing EZH2 in maintaining the dynamics of the repression and activation of gene expression through H3K27 methylation. In urothelial bladder carcinoma, KDM6A (a H3K27 demethylase) is frequently mutated, but its functional consequences and therapeutic targetability remain unknown. About 70% of KDM6A mutations resulted in a total loss of expression and a consequent loss of demethylase function in this cancer type...
February 22, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225203/identification-of-interacting-proteins-of-the-tafve-protein-involved-in-spike-development-in-bread-wheat
#3
Yong-Sheng Zheng, Yu-Qing Lu, Ying-Ying Meng, Rong-Zhi Zhang, Han Zhang, Jia-Mei Sun, Mu-Mu Wang, Li-Hui Li, Ru-Yu Li
FVE/MSI4 plays important roles in determining flowering time in Arabidopsis. However, its function is unexplored in wheat. In the present study, Co-IP and nano-LC-MS/MS were used to identify TaFVE-interacting or associated proteins. Altogether 89 differentially expressed proteins showed the same down-regulated expression trends as TaFVE in wheat line 5660M. Among them, 62 proteins were further predicted to be involved in the interaction network of TaFVE and 11 proteins have been shown to be potential TaFVE interactors based on curated databases and experimentally determined in other species by the STRING...
February 22, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223321/a-non-canonical-function-of-ezh2-preserves-immune-homeostasis
#4
Ajithkumar Vasanthakumar, Dakang Xu, Aaron Tl Lun, Andrew J Kueh, Klaas Pjm van Gisbergen, Nadia Iannarella, Xiaofang Li, Liang Yu, Die Wang, Bryan Rg Williams, Stanley Cw Lee, Ian J Majewski, Dale I Godfrey, Gordon K Smyth, Warren S Alexander, Marco J Herold, Axel Kallies, Stephen L Nutt, Rhys S Allan
Enhancer of zeste 2 (Ezh2) mainly methylates lysine 27 of histone-H3 (H3K27me3) as part of the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) together with Suz12 and Eed. However, Ezh2 can also modify non-histone substrates, although it is unclear whether this mechanism has a role during development. Here, we present evidence for a chromatin-independent role of Ezh2 during T-cell development and immune homeostasis. T-cell-specific depletion of Ezh2 induces a pronounced expansion of natural killer T (NKT) cells, although Ezh2-deficient T cells maintain normal levels of H3K27me3...
February 21, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209718/demethylation-of-h3k27-is-essential-for-the-induction-of-direct-cardiac-reprogramming-by-mir-combo
#5
Sophie Dal-Pra, Conrad P Hodgkinson, Maria Mirotsou, Imke Kirste, Victor J Dzau
Rationale: Direct reprogramming of cardiac fibroblasts to cardac omyocytes has recently emerged as a novel and promising approach to regenerate the injured myocardium. We have previously demonstrated the feasibility of this approach in vitro and in vivo using a combination of four microRNAs (miR-1, miR-133, miR-208 and miR-499) that we named miR combo. However, the mechanism of miR combo mediated direct cardiac reprogramming is currently unknown. Objective: Here we investigated the possibility that miR combo initiated direct cardiac reprogramming through an epigenetic mechanism...
February 16, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202673/molecular-architecture-of-polycomb-repressive-complexes
#6
REVIEW
Emily C Chittock, Sebastian Latwiel, Thomas C R Miller, Christoph W Müller
The polycomb group (PcG) proteins are a large and diverse family that epigenetically repress the transcription of key developmental genes. They form three broad groups of polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs) known as PRC1, PRC2 and Polycomb Repressive DeUBiquitinase, each of which modifies and/or remodels chromatin by distinct mechanisms that are tuned by having variable compositions of core and accessory subunits. Until recently, relatively little was known about how the various PcG proteins assemble to form the PRCs; however, studies by several groups have now allowed us to start piecing together the PcG puzzle...
February 8, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195122/integrated-genomic-analyses-of-de-novo-pathways-underlying-atypical-meningiomas
#7
Akdes Serin Harmancı, Mark W Youngblood, Victoria E Clark, Süleyman Coşkun, Octavian Henegariu, Daniel Duran, E Zeynep Erson-Omay, Leon D Kaulen, Tong Ihn Lee, Brian J Abraham, Matthias Simon, Boris Krischek, Marco Timmer, Roland Goldbrunner, S Bülent Omay, Jacob Baranoski, Burçin Baran, Geneive Carrión-Grant, Hanwen Bai, Ketu Mishra-Gorur, Johannes Schramm, Jennifer Moliterno, Alexander O Vortmeyer, Kaya Bilgüvar, Katsuhito Yasuno, Richard A Young, Murat Günel
Meningiomas are mostly benign brain tumours, with a potential for becoming atypical or malignant. On the basis of comprehensive genomic, transcriptomic and epigenomic analyses, we compared benign meningiomas to atypical ones. Here, we show that the majority of primary (de novo) atypical meningiomas display loss of NF2, which co-occurs either with genomic instability or recurrent SMARCB1 mutations. These tumours harbour increased H3K27me3 signal and a hypermethylated phenotype, mainly occupying the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) binding sites in human embryonic stem cells, thereby phenocopying a more primitive cellular state...
February 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194967/multicellular-tumor-spheroids-combined-with-mass-spectrometric-histone-analysis-to-evaluate-epigenetic-drugs
#8
Peter E Feist, Simone Sidoli, Xin Liu, Monica M Schroll, Sharif Rahmy, Rina Fujiwara, Benjamin A Garcia, Amanda B Hummon
Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) are valuable in vitro tumor models frequently used to evaluate the penetration and efficacy of therapeutics. In this study, we evaluated potential differences in epigenetic markers, i.e., histone post-translational modifications (PTMs), in the layers of the HCT116 colon carcinoma MCTS. Cells were grown in agarose-coated 96 well plates, forming reproducible 1-mm-diameter MCTS. The MCTS were fractionated into three radially concentric portions, generating samples containing cells from the core, the mid and the external layers...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193854/gene-activation-of-smn-by-selective-disruption-of-lncrna-mediated-recruitment-of-prc2-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#9
Caroline J Woo, Verena K Maier, Roshni Davey, James Brennan, Guangde Li, John Brothers, Brian Schwartz, Susana Gordo, Anne Kasper, Trevor R Okamoto, Hans E Johansson, Berhan Mandefro, Dhruv Sareen, Peter Bialek, B Nelson Chau, Balkrishen Bhat, David Bullough, James Barsoum
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron loss and caused by mutations in SMN1 (Survival Motor Neuron 1). The disease severity inversely correlates with the copy number of SMN2, a duplicated gene that is nearly identical to SMN1. We have delineated a mechanism of transcriptional regulation in the SMN2 locus. A previously uncharacterized long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), SMN-antisense 1 (SMN-AS1), represses SMN2 expression by recruiting the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) to its locus...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193775/targeting-the-eed-h3k27me3-interaction-allosterically-inhibits-prc2
#10
(no author information available yet)
EED226 and A-395 bind to the H3K27me3 binding pocket of EED to allosterically inhibit PRC2.
February 13, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192098/anti-leukemic-effects-of-hdaci-belinostat-and-hmti-3-deazaneplanocin-a-on-human-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells
#11
Giedrė Valiulienė, Ieva Stirblytė, Monika Jasnauskaitė, Veronika Borutinskaitė, Rūta Navakauskienė
Development of acute myeloid leukemia is usually sustained by deregulated epigenome. Alterations in DNA methylation and histone modifications are common manifestations of the disease. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is not an exception. Therefore, drugs that target epigenetic processes suggest an appealing strategy for APL treatment. In this study we tested the anti-leukemic activity of histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) Belinostat (PXD101, (2E)-N-Hydroxy-3-[3-(phenylsulfamoyl)phenyl]prop-2-enamide), and histone methyltransferase inhibitor (HMTi) 3-Deazaneplanocin A (DZNep, 5R-(4-amino-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-1-yl)-3-(hydroxymethyl)-3-cyclopentene-1S,2R-diol) combined with retinoic acid (RA) in APL cells NB4 and HL-60...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167697/prc2-is-dispensable-for-hotair-mediated-transcriptional-repression
#12
Manuela Portoso, Roberta Ragazzini, Živa Brenčič, Arianna Moiani, Audrey Michaud, Ivaylo Vassilev, Michel Wassef, Nicolas Servant, Bruno Sargueil, Raphaël Margueron
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play diverse roles in physiological and pathological processes. Several lncRNAs have been suggested to modulate gene expression by guiding chromatin-modifying complexes to specific sites in the genome. However, besides the example of Xist, clear-cut evidence demonstrating this novel mode of regulation remains sparse. Here, we focus on HOTAIR, a lncRNA that is overexpressed in several tumor types and previously proposed to play a key role in gene silencing through direct recruitment of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) to defined genomic loci...
February 6, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165227/discovery-of-peptidomimetic-ligands-of-eed-as-allosteric-inhibitors-of-prc2
#13
Kimberly D Barnash, Juliana The, Jacqueline L Norris-Drouin, Stephanie H Cholensky, Beau M Worley, Fengling Li, Jacob I Stuckey, Peter J Brown, Masoud Vedadi, Cheryl H Arrowsmith, Stephen V Frye, Lindsey I James
The function of EED within polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is mediated by a complex network of protein-protein interactions. Allosteric activation of PRC2 by binding of methylated proteins to the embryonic ectoderm development (EED) aromatic cage is essential for full catalytic activity, but details of this regulation are not fully understood. EED's recognition of the product of PRC2 activity, histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3), stimulates PRC2 methyltransferase activity at adjacent nucleosomes leading to H3K27me3 propagation and, ultimately, gene repression...
February 22, 2017: ACS Combinatorial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164432/dysregulation-of-the-mir-194-cul4b-negative-feedback-loop-drives-tumorigenesis-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#14
Jun Mi, Yongxin Zou, Xiaohua Lin, Juanjuan Lu, Xiaochen Liu, Hui Zhao, Xiang Ye, Huili Hu, Baichun Jiang, Bo Han, Changshun Shao, Yaoqin Gong
CUL4B, a scaffold protein that assembles CRL4B ubiquitin ligase complexes, is overexpressed in many types of cancers and represses many tumor suppressors through epigenetic mechanisms. However, the mechanisms by which CUL4B is upregulated remain to be elucidated. Here, we show that CUL4B was upregulated in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) tissues and was critically required for cell proliferation and migration in vitro and for xenograft tumor formation in vivo. We found that microRNA-194 (miR-194) and CUL4B protein were inversely correlated in cancer specimens and demonstrated that miR-194 could downregulate CUL4B by directly targeting its 3'UTR...
February 6, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159836/c-myc-downregulation-is-required-for-preacinar-to-acinar-maturation-and-pancreatic-homeostasis
#15
Victor J Sánchez-Arévalo Lobo, Luis César Fernández, Enrique Carrillo-de-Santa-Pau, Laia Richart, Isidoro Cobo, Jaroslaw Cendrowski, Ulisses Moreno, Natalia Del Pozo, Diego Megías, Bernardette Bréant, Christopher V Wright, Mark Magnuson, Francisco X Real
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: c-Myc is highly expressed in pancreatic multipotent progenitor cells (MPC) and in pancreatic cancer. The transition from MPC to unipotent acinar progenitors is associated with c-Myc downregulation; a role for c-Myc in this process, and its possible relationship to a role in cancer, has not been established. DESIGN: Using coimmunoprecipitation assays, we demonstrate that c-Myc and Ptf1a interact. Using reverse transcriptase qPCR, western blot and immunofluorescence, we show the erosion of the acinar programme...
February 3, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152483/lsd1-collaborates-with-ezh2-to-regulate-expression-of-interferon-stimulated-genes
#16
Yue Jin, Bo Huo, Xueqi Fu, Tian Hao, Yu Zhang, Yidi Guo, Xin Hu
Histone methylation is a complicate and dynamic epigenetic modification that regulates gene transcription, chromosomal structure and cell differentiation. Here, we discovered the interaction between the H3K4 demethylase, lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1, an important component of CoREST repressor complex) and the H3K27 methyltransferase, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2, an essential component of PRC2). Immuno-precipitation and GST-pull down assay were performed to observe the interaction between the proteins...
January 30, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139710/the-prc2-binding-long-non-coding-rnas-in-human-and-mouse-genomes-are-associated-with-predictive-sequence-features
#17
Shiqi Tu, Guo-Cheng Yuan, Zhen Shao
Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as an important class of molecules involved in many cellular processes. One of their primary functions is to shape epigenetic landscape through interactions with chromatin modifying proteins. However, mechanisms contributing to the specificity of such interactions remain poorly understood. Here we took the human and mouse lncRNAs that were experimentally determined to have physical interactions with Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), and systematically investigated the sequence features of these lncRNAs by developing a new computational pipeline for sequences composition analysis, in which each sequence is considered as a series of transitions between adjacent nucleotides...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138707/lnc%C3%A2-il7r-promotes-the-growth-of-fibroblast%C3%A2-like-synoviocytes-through-interaction-with-enhancer-of-zeste-homolog-2-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Zhao Ye, Juan Xu, Shukui Li, Cheng Cai, Tiejun Li, Lishan Sun
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory and autoimmune disease that affects ~1% of the world's population. Although the precise mechanism of RA has yet to be elucidated, accumulating evidence suggests that fibroblast‑like synoviocytes (FLSs) serve critical roles in the initiation and progression of RA. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of FLS proliferation have yet to be elucidated. Long noncoding‑interleukin‑7 receptor (lnc‑IL7R) has been recently identified, which is activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation and diminishes the LPS‑induced inflammatory response...
January 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138058/basic-pentacysteine-proteins-repress-abscisic-acid-insensitive4-expression-via-direct-recruitment-of-the-polycomb-repressive-complex-2-in-arabidopsis-root-development
#19
Ying Mu, Meijuan Zou, Xuwu Sun, Baoye He, Xiumei Xu, Yini Liu, Lixin Zhang, Wei Chi
Plant transcription factors generally act in complex regulatory networks that function at multiple levels to govern plant developmental programs. Dissection of the interconnections among different classes of transcription factors can elucidate these regulatory networks and thus improve our understanding of plant development. Here, we investigated the molecular and functional relationships of the transcription factors ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE 4 (ABI4) and members of the BASIC PENTACYSTEINE (BPC) family in lateral root (LR) development of Arabidopsis thaliana Genetic analysis showed that BPCs promote LR development by repressing ABI4 expression...
January 30, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135238/chromatin-biology-breaking-into-the-prc2-cage
#20
Daniel Holoch, Raphaël Margueron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
keyword
keyword
13274
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"