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Sarcomas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786040/human-leukocyte-antigen-a-allele-distribution-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients-showing-anti-melanoma-associated-antigen-a-or-synovial-sarcoma-x-2-t-cell-response-in-blood
#1
Pei-Wen Fan, Li Huang, Xue-Mei Chang, Ya-Ning Feng, Xuan Yao, Yan-Chun Peng, Tao Dong, Ruo-Zheng Wang
Background: Development of innovative immunotherapy is imperative to improve the poor survival of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. In this study, we evaluated the T cell response to melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE)-A1, MAGE-A3, or synovial sarcoma X-2 (SSX-2) in the peripheral blood of treatment-naive NPC patients. The relationship of responses among the three proteins and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A types were analyzed to provide evidence of designing novel therapy...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786002/eyelid-kaposi-sarcoma-in-an-hiv-negative-patient
#2
Jose Manuel Abalo-Lojo, Ihab Abdulkader-Nallib, Laura Martínez Pérez, Francisco Gonzalez
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a low-grade, multicentric vascular neoplasm. Most commonly, it involves the skin, but it can occur at any site on the body. The cutaneous lesions are often located on the lower legs, genitalia, oral mucosa, and face. KS is categorized in four different types: classic, endemic, epidemic or AIDS associated, and transplantation associated. We report a case of HIV-negative, classic KS located on the eyelid. The eyelid lesion was completely excised, and after a 1-year follow-up, no recurrences were observed...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785758/undifferentiated-embryonal-sarcoma-of-liver-in-an-adult-with-spontaneous-rupture-and-tumour-thrombus-in-the-right-atrium
#3
Narendra Pandit, Lokesh S Jaiswal, Vijay Shrestha, Lalijan Awale, Shailesh Adhikary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785452/local-recurrence-of-soft-tissue-sarcoma-issues-in-imaging-surveillance-strategy
#4
REVIEW
Nisreen S Ezuddin, Juan Pretell-Mazzini, Raphael L Yechieli, Darcy A Kerr, Breelyn A Wilky, Ty K Subhawong
Soft-tissue sarcomas pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to physicians, owing to the large number of subtypes, aggressive tumor biology, lack of consensus on management, and controversy surrounding interval and duration of surveillance scans. Advances in multidisciplinary management have improved the care of sarcoma patients, but controversy remains regarding strategies for surveillance following definitive local control. This review provides an updated, comprehensive overview of the current understanding of the risk of local recurrence of soft-tissue sarcoma, by examining the literature based on features such as histological type and grade, tumor size, and resection margin status, with the aim of helping clinicians, surgeons, and radiologists to develop a tailored approach to local imaging surveillance...
May 21, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785170/cost-effectiveness-of-olaratumab-in-combination-with-doxorubicin-for-patients-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-the-united-states
#5
Santiago Zuluaga-Sanchez, Lisa M Hess, Sorrel E Wolowacz, Yulia D'yachkova, Emma Hawe, Adrian D Vickers, James A Kaye, David Bertwistle
Background: Standard first-line treatments for advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) have changed little for 40 years, and outcomes have been poor. Recently, the United States (US) Food and Drug Administration conditionally approved olaratumab in combination with doxorubicin (Olara + Dox) based on a randomized phase II trial that reported a significant 11.8-month improvement in median survival versus single-agent doxorubicin (Dox). The present study investigated the cost-effectiveness of Olara + Dox compared with Dox and five other standard-of-care regimens from the US payer perspective...
2018: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785138/a-review-of-soft-tissue-sarcomas-translation-of-biological-advances-into-treatment-measures
#6
REVIEW
Ngoc T Hoang, Luis A Acevedo, Michael J Mann, Bhairavi Tolani
Soft-tissue sarcomas are rare malignant tumors arising from connective tissues and have an overall incidence of about five per 100,000 per year. While this diverse family of malignancies comprises over 100 histological subtypes and many molecular aberrations are prevalent within specific sarcomas, very few are therapeutically targeted. Instead of utilizing molecular signatures, first-line sarcoma treatment options are still limited to traditional surgery and chemotherapy, and many of the latter remain largely ineffective and are plagued by disease resistance...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784173/conjunctival-kaposi-s-sarcoma-with-orbital-extension-in-an-hiv-negative-man
#7
Jacqueline Coblentz, Jea Young Park, Gerardo Discepola, Bryan Arthurs, Miguel Burnier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784137/factors-influencing-the-documentation-of-fertility-related-discussions-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#8
G Skaczkowski, V White, K Thompson, H Bibby, M Coory, R Pinkerton, W Nicholls, L M Orme, R Conyers, M B Phillips, M Osborn, R Harrup, A Anazodo
PURPOSE: A cancer diagnosis and treatment may have significant implications for a young patient's future fertility. Documentation of fertility-related discussions and actions is crucial to providing the best follow-up care, which may occur for many years post-treatment. This study examined the rate of medical record documentation of fertility-related discussions and fertility preservation (FP) procedures for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for 941 patients in all six Australian states...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783801/-dedifferentiated-chordoma-of-sacrococcygeal-region-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-and-review-of-literature
#9
L H Gong, W F Liu, Y Ding, X Q Sun, M Zhang, X Y Huang
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features of dedifferentiated chordoma. Methods: Four cases of dedifferentiated chordoma of sacrococcygeal region were collected at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, from 2009 to 2014. HE and immunohistochemistry (EnVision method) were used to observe the clinical, radiological and histological features of dedifferentiated chordoma and to make the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. The literature was reviewed. Results: Four cases of dedifferentiated chordoma were all located in the sacrococcygeal region...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783798/-prognosis-related-clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-figo-stage-%C3%A2-m%C3%A3-llerian-adenosarcoma-of-uterus
#10
Y Wang, A J Liu, X Chen, X Song
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of FIGO stage Ⅰ uterine Müllerian adenosarcoma and clinical prognosis. Methods: Fifteen cases of uterine Müllerian adenosarcoma at FIGO stage Ⅰ were collected at PLA General Hospital from 2005 to 2017. Twelve cases with complete follow-up data were divided into 2 groups: group A (7 patients with survival) and group B(5 patients of death or tumor progression). Clinicopathologic features were compared between the two groups. Results: The median age of the patients was 43 years and 56 years, and the tumor size was 4...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782363/regional-lymph-node-metastases-in-groin-sarcomas-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#11
Deanna Wan Jie Ng, Ye Xin Koh, Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Khee Chee Soo, Melissa Ching Ching Teo
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of lymph nodes and the role of groin dissection for groin sarcomas has been controversial where there have not been previous studies or guidelines published. In this study, we aim to first formulate a clinical approach in the evaluation of regional lymph nodal metastases. Second, we aim to also evaluate the role of regional lymphadenectomy in the setting of pathologically involved regional lymph nodes for groin sarcomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 43 consecutive patients with groin sarcomas underwent treatment at the National Cancer Centre Singapore between 2002 and 2015...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782358/neoadjuvant-interdigitated-chemoradiotherapy-using-mesna-doxorubicin-and-ifosfamide-for-large-high-grade-soft-tissue-sarcomas-of-the-extremity-improved-efficacy-and-reduced-toxicity
#12
Mudit Chowdhary, Neilayan Sen, Elizabeth B Jeans, Luke Miller, Marta Batus, Steven Gitelis, Dian Wang, Ross A Abrams
OBJECTIVES: Patients with large, high-grade extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are at high risk for both local and distant recurrence. RTOG 95-14, using a regimen of neoadjuvant interdigitated chemoradiotherapy with mesna, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and dacarbazine followed by surgery and 3 cycles of adjuvant mesna, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and dacarbazine, demonstrated high rates of disease control at the cost of significant toxicity (83% grade 4, 5% grade 5). As such, this regimen has not been widely adopted...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782348/renal-ewing-sarcoma-treated-with-apatinib
#13
Yang Zhao, Ye Chen, Ke Cheng, Zhi-Ping Li, Hao Zeng, Ji-Yan Liu
Renal Ewing sarcoma (RES) is an extremely rare disease. The standard treatment for this disease is lacking, and clinical experience needs to be accumulated. Here, we report a case of RES that rapidly developed to metastatic disease and was refractory to radiotherapy and chemotherapy; however, the case obtained a partial response based on Choi criteria by orally taking antiangiogenic drug apatinib. Our case suggests that apatinib may be a therapeutic option for RES.
May 18, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782347/current-questions-in-bone-sarcomas
#14
Sandra J Strauss, Jeremy S Whelan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma, the most common primary bone tumours in young people, are curable in most patients. However, these tumours remain a significant challenge due to the complexity and intensity of treatment and its long-term morbidity and the significant proportion of patients in whom treatment is unsuccessful. This review addresses questions about current management and emerging therapeutic targets for patients with osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma and chondrosarcoma, the commonest bone sarcoma but more common in older patients...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781819/staging-of-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#15
Robert J Steffner, Eugene S Jang
The purpose of staging in orthopaedic oncology is to provide a framework for classifying tumors based on their risk of local recurrence and distant metastasis to guide treatment decisions. Two separate systems are commonly used to categorize bone and soft-tissue sarcomas. The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society system for bone sarcomas and the Enneking system for soft-tissue sarcomas are the original staging systems developed by orthopaedic surgeons. The American Joint Committee on Cancer staging systems for bone and soft-tissue sarcomas are periodically updated based on new data, and they are currently on their eighth edition...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781567/localized-vaginal-uterine-rhabdomyosarcoma-results-of-a-pooled-analysis-from-four-international-cooperative-groups
#16
Veronique Minard-Colin, David Walterhouse, Gianni Bisogno, Helene Martelli, James Anderson, David A Rodeberg, Andrea Ferrari, Meriel Jenney, Suzanne Wolden, Gianluca De Salvo, Carola Arndt, Johannes H M Merks, Soledad Gallego, Dominique Schwob, Christine Haie-Meder, Christophe Bergeron, Michael C G Stevens, Odile Oberlin, Douglas Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Vaginal/uterine rhabdomyosarcoma (VU RMS) is one of the most favorable RMS sites. To determine the optimal therapy, the experience of four cooperative groups (Children's Oncology Group [COG], International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) Malignant Mesenchymal Tumor Group [MMT], Italian Cooperative Soft Tissue Sarcoma Group [ICG], and European pediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group [EpSSG]) was analyzed. PROCEDURE: From 1981 to 2009, 237 patients were identified...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781457/a-scandinavian-point-of-view-caring-for-patients-with-sarcoma-across-boundaries
#17
Charlott Vade, Stine Næss
Sarcomas are rare connective tissue malignancies. Patients and their families often experience many challenging problems during the cancer journey. Professionals working in this complex landscape need to collaborate to optimize patient outcomes.
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780754/pleomorphic-undifferentiated-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-patient-with-long-standing-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
Loredana Labinac-Peteh, Robert Terlević, Božo Krušlin
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been associated with the development of both gastrointestinal and extraintestinal malignancy. The role of therapy in the development of malignancy in IBD has been controversial. We present the case of a 40-year-old female patient with long-standing mild IBD, who developed an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the inguinal region and provide a brief review of the relevant literature. While our case likely represents a coincidence of two unrelated pathological entities, clinicians should keep in mind the possibility of soft tissue sarcomas in patients chronically treated with anti-inflammatory agents...
April 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780156/the-successful-treatment-of-metastatic-extraosseous-ewing-sarcoma-with-pazopanib
#19
Yoshinori Mori, Shiori Kinoshita, Takashi Kanamori, Hiromi Kataoka, Takashi Joh, Shinsuke Iida, Masashi Takemoto, Masahiro Kondo, Junko Kuroda, Hirokazu Komatsu
The clinical efficacy and outcomes of pazopanib treatment for metastatic extraosseous Ewing sarcoma remain unclear. We herein report a case of heavily pre-treated metastatic extraosseous Ewing sarcoma in which pazopanib treatment achieved a significant improvement. A 17-year-old girl was referred to our hospital due to metastatic extraosseous Ewing sarcoma. The initial cytotoxic chemotherapy was temporarily effective, however, her disease eventually progressed, and she was subsequently treated with pazopanib...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779678/spontaneous-perirenal-hemorrhage-wunderlich-syndrome-an-analysis-of-28-cases
#20
Jong Wook Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Sun Tae Ahn, Tae Yong Park, Mi Mi Oh, Du Geon Moon, Hong Seok Park
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze the characteristics, etiology, and treatment of a series of patients with spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage (Wunderlich syndrome [WS]). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 26 patients hospitalized for WS in a tertiary urological center between 2011 and 2018. All patients were evaluated for perirenal hemorrhage observed on computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department. Clinical variables (age, underlying diseases, symptoms, shock, and hospitalization period), laboratory test results, and radiological and pathological results were reviewed...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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