keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expert practice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945018/-expert-consensus-on-the-design-and-implementation-of-clinical-safety-centralized-monitoring-study-of-chinese-medical-injection
#1
Jun-Hua Zhang, Jing-Tian Ren, Jing-Qing Hu, Yan-Ming Xie, Hai-Bo Song, Ming-Jun Zhu, Rui Gao, Zhong Wang, Wen-Ke Zheng, Xue-Lin Li, Meng Jiang, Yu-Hong Huang, Fang Lu, Li-Yun He, Wei-Xiong Lian, Zhong-Qi Yang, Wei-An Yuan, Si-Yuan Hu, Bao-He Wang, Wei-Liang Wang, De-Quan Ren, Bo-Li Zhang
Along with the increase of clinical application, the safety of traditional Chinese medicine gained more and more attentions. In particular, the safety evaluation of Chinese medical injections has become a mandatory task should be completed by pharmaceutical companies under the supervision of China Food and Drug Administration(CFDA). Due to the weak foundation of previous studies, the safety issues of Chinese medical injections have not been fully understood, and lack of scientific and rational risk management programs...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943361/developing-a-short-form-of-the-german-barriers-questionnaire-ii-a-validation-study-in-four-steps
#2
Antje Koller, Patrick Jahn
CONTEXT: Patient-related barriers to cancer pain management are most commonly assessed with the Barriers Questionnaire-II (BQII; 27 items). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a valid short form of the BQII-German (BQII-G) to increase usability in clinical routines and reduce patient burden. METHODS: The validation study comprised a stepwise approach. In the first step, the linguistic validated version of the BQII-G was psychometrically tested for internal consistency and factor structure (N=207)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943333/finding-discriminative-and-interpretable-patterns-in-sequences-of-surgical-activities
#3
Germain Forestier, François Petitjean, Pavel Senin, Laurent Riffaud, Pierre-Louis Henaux, Pierre Jannin
OBJECTIVE: Surgery is one of the riskiest and most important medical acts that is performed today. Understanding the ways in which surgeries are similar or different from each other is of major interest to understand and analyze surgical behaviors. This article addresses the issue of identifying discriminative patterns of surgical practice from recordings of surgeries. These recordings are sequences of low-level surgical activities representing the actions performed by surgeons during surgeries...
September 21, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942550/esc-position-paper-on-cardiovascular-toxicity-of-cancer-treatments-challenges-and-expectations
#4
Emanuel Raschi, Igor Diemberger, Benilde Cosmi, Fabrizio De Ponti
The recent position paper of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) on cardiovascular toxicity of cancer treatments has attracted considerable interest by healthcare professionals, since it is the first concrete help in the difficult task of monitoring and approaching cardiovascular side effects of anticancer treatments. The ESC expert opinion was not intended as a clinical practice guideline; however, it reports major cardiovascular complications grouped into nine categories, addressing current clinical strategies for prevention and mitigation...
September 23, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941883/a-national-survey-of-premedication-for-transfusion-reactions-in-japan
#5
Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Shuichi Kino, Asashi Tanaka, Yuichi Hasegawa, Akihiko Yokohama, Keizo Fujino, Makino Shigeyoshi, Mayumi Matsumoto, Akihiro Takeshita, Kazuo Muroi
BACKGROUND: Premedication before transfusion is commonly administered in clinical practice despite a lack of evidence for its efficacy. The aim of this study was to clarify the status of premedication and evaluate expert opinions regarding its use in Japanese medical institutions. METHOD: Between May and July 2016, we conducted a questionnaire survey on premedication before transfusion in 252 medical institutes that were certified by an academic society or employed transfusion experts...
September 11, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940765/consensus-achievement-of-leadership-organisational-and-individual-factors-that-influence-safety-climate-implications-for-nursing-management
#6
Shelly A Fischer, Jacqueline Jones, Joyce A Verran
AIM: To validate a framework of factors that influence the relationship of transformational leadership and safety climate, and to enable testing of safety chain factors by generating hypotheses regarding their mediating and moderating effects. BACKGROUND: Understanding the patient safety chain and mechanisms by which leaders affect a strong climate of safety is essential to transformational leadership practice, education, and research. METHODS: A systematic review of leadership and safety literature was used to develop an organising framework of factors proposed to influence the climate of safety...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940579/treatment-of-psoriasis-with-topical-agents-recommendations-from-a-tuscany-consensus
#7
Andrea Chiricozzi, Nicola Pimpinelli, Federica Ricceri, Giovanni Bagnoni, Laura Bartoli, Mauro Bellini, Luca Brandini, Marzia Caproni, Antonio Castelli, Michele Fimiani, Franco Marsili, Carlo Mazzatenta, Maria Chiara Niccoli, Salvatore Panduri, Michele Pellegrino, Riccardo Sirna, Walter Volpi, Marco Romanelli, Francesca Prignano
Psoriasis is a chronic and relapsing inflammatory skin disease, clinically characterized by erythematous and scaly plaques. Treatment approach is mainly driven by disease severity, though several factors should be considered in order to identify the optimal therapeutic choice. Mild psoriasis may be treated with a wide array of topical agents including corticosteroids, vitamin D analogs, keratolytics, and calcipotriol/betamethasone propionate compound. Because guidelines may not provide practical indications regarding the therapeutic approach, the use of topical agents in psoriasis is more individually tailored...
September 20, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939735/the-elusive-standard-of-care
#8
Brian K Cooke, Elizabeth Worsham, Gary M Reisfield
In medical negligence cases, the forensic expert must explain to a trier of fact what a defendant physician should have done, or not done, in a specific set of circumstances and whether the physician's conduct constitutes a breach of duty. The parameters of the duty are delineated by the standard of care. Many facets of the standard of care have been well explored in the literature, but gaps remain in a complete understanding of this concept. We examine the standard of care, its origins, and who determines the prevailing standard, beginning with an overview of the historical roots of the standard of care and, using case law, tracing its evolution from the 19th century through the early 21st century...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939198/joint-action-in-an-elite-rowing-pair-crew-after-intensive-team-training-the-reinforcement-of-extra-personal-processes
#9
Mehdi R'Kiouak, Jacques Saury, Marc Durand, Jérôme Bourbousson
The present study is a follow-up case report of the study from R'Kiouak and colleagues (2016). From the initial study that analyzed how individual experts rowed together while they never had practiced together, we seized here the opportunity to investigate how both rowers synchronize after having intensively practiced joint action through a national training program in which they were invited to take part. The joint action of 2 individual expert rowers, which composed a coxless pair crew, was tracked on-the-water at the end of a team-training program...
September 19, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938974/design-and-testing-of-a-postanesthesia-care-unit-readiness-for-discharge-assessment-tool
#10
Laurie Ecoff, Jeanne Palomo, Jaynelle F Stichler
PURPOSE: This article describes the development and psychometric testing of a new Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU) Readiness for Discharge Assessment Tool (RDAT) that can be used in assessing patients' readiness for discharge from a phase 1 PACU. DESIGN: This study used an instrument development methodology described by Waltz and Strickland that included item development and testing for content and convergent validity and interrater reliability. METHODS: Items were developed from a review the literature, best practice exemplars, and input from an expert panel...
October 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938879/development-of-quality-indicators-for-low-risk-labor-care-provided-by-midwives-using-a-rand-modified-delphi-method
#11
Kayo Ueda, Shosuke Ohtera, Misato Kaso, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: In childbirth, most deliveries are low-risk, defined as spontaneous labor at full term without special high-risk facts or complications, especially in high-resource countries where maternal and perinatal mortality rates are very low. Indeed, the majority of mothers and infants have no serious conditions during labor. However, the quality of care provided is not assured, and performance may vary by birthing facility and provider. The overuse of technology in childbirth in some parts of the world is almost certainly based on assumptions like, "something can go wrong at any minute...
September 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938795/lipid-lowering-nutraceuticals-in-clinical-practice-position-paper-from-an-international-lipid-expert-panel
#12
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti, Gani Bajraktari, Olivier Descamps, Dragan M Djuric, Marat Ezhov, Zlatko Fras, Niki Katsiki, Michel Langlois, Gustavs Latkovskis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Gyorgy Paragh, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Olena Mitchenko, Bernhard Paulweber, Daniel Pella, Christos Pitsavos, Željko Reiner, Kausik K Ray, Manfredi Rizzo, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Maria-Corina Serban, Laurence S Sperling, Peter P Toth, Dragos Vinereanu, Michal Vrablík, Nathan D Wong, Maciej Banach
In recent years, there has been growing interest in the possible use of nutraceuticals to improve and optimize dyslipidemia control and therapy. Based on the data from available studies, nutraceuticals might help patients obtain theraputic lipid goals and reduce cardiovascular residual risk. Some nutraceuticals have essential lipid-lowering properties confirmed in studies; some might also have possible positive effects on nonlipid cardiovascular risk factors and have been shown to improve early markers of vascular health such as endothelial function and pulse wave velocity...
September 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937841/implementation-strategies-for-gender-sensitive-public-health-practice-a-european-workshop
#13
Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Lucie Dalibert, Petra Verdonk, Elisabeth Zemp Stutz, Ineke Klinge
OBJECTIVES: Providing a robust scientific background for the focus on gender-sensitive public health and a systematic approach to its implementation. METHODS: Within the FP7-EUGenMed project ( http://eugenmed.eu ) a workshop on sex and gender in public health was convened on February 2-3, 2015. The experts participated in moderated discussion rounds to (1) assemble available knowledge and (2) identify structural influences on practice implementation. The findings were summarized and analyzed in iterative rounds to define overarching strategies and principles...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937059/the-effect-of-an-educational-program-for-vascular-access-care-on-nurses-knowledge-at-dialysis-centers-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#14
Kalthoum Ibrahim Yousif, Hasan Abu-Aisha, Omar Ibrahim Abboud
End-stage renal disease is a worldwide problem that requires highly skilled nursing care. Hemodialysis (HD) is a corner-stone procedure in the management of most patients who require renal replacement therapy. Adequate vascular access is essential for the successful use of HD. Appropriate knowledge in taking care of vascular access is essential for minimizing complications and accurately recognizing vascular access-related problems. This study was to evaluate the effect of an educational program for vascular access care on nurses' knowledge at nine dialysis centers in Khartoum State...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936698/recommendations-for-mechanical-ventilation-of-critically-ill-children-from-the-paediatric-mechanical-ventilation-consensus-conference-pemvecc
#15
Martin C J Kneyber, Daniele de Luca, Edoardo Calderini, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Etienne Javouhey, Jesus Lopez-Herce, Jürg Hammer, Duncan Macrae, Dick G Markhorst, Alberto Medina, Marti Pons-Odena, Fabrizio Racca, Gerhard Wolf, Paolo Biban, Joe Brierley, Peter C Rimensberger
PURPOSE: Much of the common practice in paediatric mechanical ventilation is based on personal experiences and what paediatric critical care practitioners have adopted from adult and neonatal experience. This presents a barrier to planning and interpretation of clinical trials on the use of specific and targeted interventions. We aim to establish a European consensus guideline on mechanical ventilation of critically children. METHODS: The European Society for Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care initiated a consensus conference of international European experts in paediatric mechanical ventilation to provide recommendations using the Research and Development/University of California, Los Angeles, appropriateness method...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936618/defining-and-measuring-diagnostic-uncertainty-in-medicine-a-systematic-review
#16
Viraj Bhise, Suja S Rajan, Dean F Sittig, Robert O Morgan, Pooja Chaudhary, Hardeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Physicians routinely encounter diagnostic uncertainty in practice. Despite its impact on health care utilization, costs and error, measurement of diagnostic uncertainty is poorly understood. We conducted a systematic review to describe how diagnostic uncertainty is defined and measured in medical practice. METHODS: We searched OVID Medline and PsycINFO databases from inception until May 2017 using a combination of keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934994/comparison-of-methods-for-estimating-contemporary-costs-an-application-to-liver-transplantation-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
Jeshika Singh, Louise Longworth
OBJECTIVES: Our study addresses the important issue of estimating treatment costs from historical data. It is a problem frequently faced by health technology assessment analysts. We compared four approaches used to estimate current costs when good quality contemporary data are not available using liver transplantation as an example. METHODS: First, the total cost estimates extracted for patients from a cohort study, conducted in the 1990s, were inflated using a published inflation multiplier...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934724/integrating-health-into-local-climate-response-lessons-from-the-u-s-cdc-climate-ready-states-and-cities-initiative
#18
Mary C Sheehan, Mary A Fox, Charlotte Kaye, Beth Resnick
Public health has potential to serve as a frame to convey the urgency of behavior change needed to adapt to a changing climate and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Local governments form the backbone of climate-related public health preparedness. Yet local health agencies are often inadequately prepared and poorly integrated into climate change assessments and plans. We reviewed the climate health profiles of 16 states and two cities participating in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative (CRSCI) that aims to build local capacity to assess and respond to the health impacts of climate change...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934358/pre-service-teachers-perceived-value-of-general-pedagogical-knowledge-for-practice-relations-with-epistemic-beliefs-and-source-beliefs
#19
Samuel Merk, Tom Rosman, Julia Rueß, Marcus Syring, Jürgen Schneider
Pre-service teachers tend to devalue general pedagogical knowledge (GPK) as a valid source for deriving successful teaching practices. The present study investigated beliefs about knowledge sources and epistemic beliefs as predictors for students' perceived value of GPK. Three pre-registered hypotheses were tested. We expected beliefs that GPK originates from scientific sources to entail a devaluation of GPK (Hypothesis 1). Concerning epistemic beliefs, we expected absolute beliefs to positively, and multiplistic beliefs to negatively predict pre-service teachers' perceived practical value of GPK (Hypothesis 2)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933909/a-cross-level-investigation-of-informal-field-based-learning-and-performance-improvements
#20
Mikhail A Wolfson, Scott I Tannenbaum, John E Mathieu, M Travis Maynard
Organizations often operate in complex and dynamic environments which place a premium on employees' ongoing learning and acquisition of new competencies. Additionally, the majority of learning in organizations does not take place in formal training settings, but we know relatively little about how informal field-based learning (IFBL) behaviors relate to changes in job performance. In this study, we first clarified the construct of IFBL as a subset of informal learning. Second, on the basis of this clarified construct definition, we developed a measure of IFBL behaviors and demonstrated its psychometric properties using (a) a sample of subject matter experts who made item content validity judgments and (b) both an Amazon Mechanical Turk sample (N = 400) and a sample of 1,707 healthcare employees...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
keyword
keyword
13263
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"