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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211021/challenging-notions-of-academic-entitlement-and-its-rise-among-liberal-arts-college-students
#1
Debra Lemke, Jeff Marx, Lauren Dundes
To assess academic entitlement, we employed a repeated cross-sectional design to compare survey data from two systematic random samples collected eight years apart, in 2009 (n = 225) and 2017 (n = 159), at a small, private, mid-Atlantic liberal arts college. According to an entitlement scale (based on Greenberger et al., 2008), students were less likely to be entitled in 2017 (27%) than in 2009 (41%) (p = 0.02). In 2009, a higher proportion of males than females felt entitled (50% versus 34%, p = 0.05), a sex difference that disappeared by 2017...
December 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205624/fundamental-movement-skills-and-balance-of-children-with-down-syndrome
#2
C M Capio, T C T Mak, M A Tse, R S W Masters
BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS proficiency and balance ability in children with DS, with the aim of contributing evidence to programmes that address FMS delay. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 children with DS (7...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200445/establishing-the-validity-and-reliability-evidence-of-preceptor-assessment-of-student-tool
#3
Lili Zhou, Abdulaali R Almutairi, Nimer S Alsaid, Terri L Warholak, Janet Cooley
Objective. To evaluate the validity and reliability evidence of the preceptor assessment of student tool (PAST) which was designed to assess doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) student rotation performance. Methods. Evaluation data were loaded into WINSTEPS software to conduct a Rasch rating scale analysis. Validity evidence was examined from construct and content validity perspectives, and reliability was assessed via student and item separation index and reliability coefficient. Data from 435 observations were included in the analysis...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192511/the-kinect-project-group-motion-based-gaming-for-people-living-with-dementia
#4
Erica Dove, Arlene Astell
Engaging in enjoyable activities is an essential part of well-being, but people with dementia can find participation increasingly difficult. Motion-based technologies can provide meaningful engagement in a wide range of activities, but for people with dementia to take advantage of these devices requires a good understanding of how best to select and present these activities to this population. The objective of this study was to explore the use of motion-based technology (Xbox Kinect) as a group activity for people with dementia who attend adult day programmes...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191675/single-stage-laparoscopic-management-of-choledocholithiasis-an-analysis-after-implementation-of-a-mastery-learning-resident-curriculum
#5
Ben Schwab, Ezra N Teitelbaum, Jeffrey H Barsuk, Nathaniel J Soper, Eric S Hungness
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is an underutilized treatment for choledocholithiasis. We sought to evaluate the impact of a simulation-based mastery-learning curriculum for surgical residents on laparoscopic common bile duct exploration utilization and to compare outcomes for patients treated with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration versus endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: The number of laparoscopic common bile duct explorations performed before and after curriculum implementation was reviewed and outcomes were compared between patients with choledocholithiasis managed with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
November 27, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184459/simulation-in-bronchoscopy-current-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Philip Mørkeberg Nilsson, Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Paul Frost Clementsen, Lars Konge
Objective: To provide an overview of current literature that informs how to approach simulation practice of bronchoscopy and discuss how findings from other simulation research can help inform the use of simulation in bronchoscopy training. Summary: We conducted a literature search on simulation training of bronchoscopy and divided relevant studies in three categories: 1) structuring simulation training in bronchoscopy, 2) assessment of competence in bronchoscopy training, and 3) development of cheap alternatives for bronchoscopy simulation...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176886/differences-in-phonetic-discrimination-stem-from-differences-in-psychoacoustic-abilities-in-learning-the-sounds-of-a-second-language-evidence-from-erp-research
#7
Yi Lin, Ruolin Fan, Lei Mo
The scientific community has been divided as to the origin of individual differences in perceiving the sounds of a second language (L2). There are two alternative explanations: a general psychoacoustic origin vs. a speech-specific one. A previous study showed that such individual variability is linked to the perceivers' speech-specific capabilities, rather than the perceivers' psychoacoustic abilities. However, we assume that the selection of participants and parameters of sound stimuli might not appropriate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154033/measuring-preschool-learning-engagement-in-the-laboratory
#8
Simone E Halliday, Susan D Calkins, Esther M Leerkes
Learning engagement is a critical factor for academic achievement and successful school transitioning. However, current methods of assessing learning engagement in young children are limited to teacher report or classroom observation, which may limit the types of research questions one could assess about this construct. The current study investigated the validity of a novel assessment designed to measure behavioral learning engagement among young children in a standardized laboratory setting and examined how learning engagement in the laboratory relates to future classroom adjustment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#9
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112797/exploring-anatomy-and-physiology-using-ipad-applications
#10
Tandra R Chakraborty, Deborah F Cooperstein
This study examined the use of iPads with anatomy applications (apps) in the laboratory sections of the largest undergraduate course at the university, Anatomy and Physiology, serving more than 300 students. The majority of these students were nursing, exercise science/physical education and biology majors. With a student survey (student opinion) and student practicum grades as metrics, this study determined whether the introduction of this novel mobile technology improved student grades and aided the students in learning the course material...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095115/the-contribution-of-mastery-to-mental-health-and-purpose-in-life-among-female-veterans-with-disabilities-in-israel
#11
Ela Koren, Alana Siegel, Avital Shlezinger, Maayan Sher-Dotan, Rachel Dekel
Self-report questionnaires assessing mental health, purpose in life (PIL) and mastery were administered to 61 female veterans with disabilities (FVWD) and compared 72 demographically matched women in control group without disabilities to learn about use of personal resources in promoting well-being and resilience. Age range was 20-82; average age was 48.87. Data were collected in Israel.  FVWD reported significantly lower levels of mental health, PIL, and mastery than the comparison group. Group affiliation moderated association between mastery and mental health, and between mastery and purpose in life...
November 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070947/a-case-series-of-an-off-the-shelf-online-health-resource-with-integrated-nurse-coaching-to-support-self-management-in-copd
#12
Frances Early, Jane S Young, Elizabeth Robinshaw, Emma Z Mi, Ella Z Mi, Jonathan P Fuld
BACKGROUND: COPD has significant psychosocial impact. Self-management support improves quality of life, but programs are not universally available. IT-based self-management interventions can provide home-based support, but have mixed results. We conducted a case series of an off-the-shelf Internet-based health-promotion program, The Preventive Plan (TPP), coupled with nurse-coach support, which aimed to increase patient activation and provide self-management benefits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 COPD patients were recruited, and 14 completed 3-month follow-up in two groups: groups 1 and 2 with more and less advanced COPD, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068818/simulation-based-mastery-learning-for-thoracentesis-skills-improves-patient-outcomes-a-randomized-trial
#13
Jeffrey H Barsuk, Elaine R Cohen, Mark V Williams, Jordan Scher, Sasha F Jones, Joe Feinglass, William C McGaghie, Kelly O'Hara, Diane B Wayne
PURPOSE: Physicians-in-training often perform bedside thoracenteses in academic medical centers, and complications are more common among less experienced clinicians. Simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) is one potential solution to this problem. This study evaluated the effects of a randomized trial of thoracentesis SBML on patient complications: iatrogenic pneumothorax (IP), hemothorax, and reexpansion pulmonary edema (REPE). METHOD: The authors randomized internal medicine residents to undergo thoracentesis SBML at a tertiary care academic center from December 2012 to May 2016...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063800/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-programme-to-support-problem-solving-skills-following-brain-injury
#14
Laurie Ehlhardt Powell, Michelle R Wild, Ann Glang, Summer Ibarra, Jeff M Gau, Amanda Perez, Richard W Albin, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Shari L Wade, Tom Keating, Carolyn Saraceno, Jody Slocumb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cognitive impairments following brain injury, including difficulty with problem solving, can pose significant barriers to successful community reintegration. Problem-solving strategy training is well-supported in the cognitive rehabilitation literature. However, limitations in insurance reimbursement have resulted in fewer services to train such skills to mastery and to support generalization of those skills into everyday environments. The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate an integrated, web-based programme, ProSolv, which uses a small number of coaching sessions to support problem solving in everyday life following brain injury...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053530/innovative-teaching-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-through-mastery-modeling
#15
Kathleen A Gordon, Kelly E Carmany, Janet R Baker, Laura M Goliat
Mastery modeling was implemented to support the transfer of classroom diabetes content to the clinical area. Interactive teaching methodologies that exemplified mastery modeling included scripted classroom video and vignettes, simulation-based learning experiences, and a worksheet relating to diabetes-specific groups to use in the clinical setting. When mastery modeling teaching methodologies were implemented, transfer of knowledge through clinical reasoning was noted at a higher level for the diabetes-specific groups over the standard groups...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#16
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052071/validation-of-the-vblast-pattern-cutting-task-a-learning-curve-study
#17
Ali M Linsk, Kimberley R Monden, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Woojin Ahn, Daniel B Jones, Suvranu De, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Caroline G L Cao
BACKGROUND: Mastery of laparoscopic skills is essential in surgical practice and requires considerable time and effort to achieve. The Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer (VBLaST-PC(©)) is a virtual simulator that was developed as a computerized version of the pattern cutting (PC) task in the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) system. To establish convergent validity for the VBLaST-PC(©), we assessed trainees' learning curves using the cumulative summation (CUSUM) method and compared them with those on the FLS...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037098/how-do-formative-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-drive-learning-analysis-of-residents-perceptions
#18
Debra Pugh, Isabelle Desjardins, Kevin Eva
INTRODUCTION: Although several studies have explored the relationship between learning and written tests, little is understood about how performance-based examinations influence learning. The purpose of this study was to explore how a formative objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) drives learning. METHODS: We administered surveys to residents (n = 35) at three time points to determine if and how an OSCE influenced their learning: before and immediately following the OSCE, and after the distribution of their results...
October 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028652/novel-dry-lab-training-method-for-totally-endoscopic-coronary-anastomosis-a-pilot-study
#19
Kosuke Ujihira, Akira Yamada
OBJECTIVE: We describe our original dry-lab training system for nonrobotic and beating heart endoscopic coronary artery anastomosis. METHODS: All the materials used for this training were commercially available. We selected a boxed machine, which can produce pulsatile movements of artificial vessels, and on its roof, we installed a two-dimensional home video camera and a monitor. A multiple-holed plate was placed in front of the machine, and through these holes, a trainee inserted endoscopic surgical instruments and anastomosed the artificial vessels by running fashion while watching the monitor...
September 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021944/a-program-evaluation-of-home-and-center-based-treatment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Dennis R Dixon, Claire O Burns, Doreen Granpeesheh, Roshan Amarasinghe, Alva Powell, Erik Linstead
The present study aimed to retrospectively compare the relative rates of mastery of exemplars for individuals with ASD (N = 313) who received home-based and center-based services. A between-group analysis found that participants mastered significantly more exemplars per hour when receiving center-based services than home-based services. Likewise, a paired-sample analysis found that participants who received both home and center-based services had mastered 100 % more per hour while at the center than at home...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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