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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037098/how-do-formative-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-drive-learning-analysis-of-residents-perceptions
#1
Debra Pugh, Isabelle Desjardins, Kevin Eva
INTRODUCTION: Although several studies have explored the relationship between learning and written tests, little is understood about how performance-based examinations influence learning. The purpose of this study was to explore how a formative objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) drives learning. METHODS: We administered surveys to residents (n = 35) at three time points to determine if and how an OSCE influenced their learning: before and immediately following the OSCE, and after the distribution of their results...
October 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028652/novel-dry-lab-training-method-for-totally-endoscopic-coronary-anastomosis-a-pilot-study
#2
Kosuke Ujihira, Akira Yamada
OBJECTIVE: We describe our original dry-lab training system for nonrobotic and beating heart endoscopic coronary artery anastomosis. METHODS: All the materials used for this training were commercially available. We selected a boxed machine, which can produce pulsatile movements of artificial vessels, and on its roof, we installed a two-dimensional home video camera and a monitor. A multiple-holed plate was placed in front of the machine, and through these holes, a trainee inserted endoscopic surgical instruments and anastomosed the artificial vessels by running fashion while watching the monitor...
October 13, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021944/a-program-evaluation-of-home-and-center-based-treatment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Dennis R Dixon, Claire O Burns, Doreen Granpeesheh, Roshan Amarasinghe, Alva Powell, Erik Linstead
The present study aimed to retrospectively compare the relative rates of mastery of exemplars for individuals with ASD (N = 313) who received home-based and center-based services. A between-group analysis found that participants mastered significantly more exemplars per hour when receiving center-based services than home-based services. Likewise, a paired-sample analysis found that participants who received both home and center-based services had mastered 100 % more per hour while at the center than at home...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016237/actual-competence-rather-than-perceived-competence-is-a-better-predictor-of-physical-activity-in-children-aged-6-9-years
#4
Fleur McIntyre, Helen Parker, Paola Chivers, Beth Hands
There is a limited understanding about the relative importance of perceived and actual competence on emergent physical activity levels in children and whether there is a difference in their development and strength between boys and girls. This study used a single-cohort, multiple age group design to monitor physical activity, actual motor competence (AMC) and perceived competence (PC) on four occasions over 18 months in 6-to 9-year-old boys and girls (N = 201). Physical activity was measured by 7-day daily step counts (pedometer) and activity diary...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990336/peer-teaching-of-the-physical-exam-a-pilot-study
#5
Valeria C Pazo, Susan Frankl, Subha Ramani, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Mastery of the physical exam (PE), and the ability to teach it to peers and medical students, are important milestones for residents (junior doctors); however, several reports indicate that PE skills are in decline. To address this need, we explored the use of peer observation of teaching (POT) as a conceptual framework to develop an innovative approach to PE teaching at the postgraduate medical education level. INNOVATION: We designed a PE POT session to be conducted at the patient bedside, and piloted four sessions in April 2014...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974312/preparing-for-the-american-board-of-surgery-flexible-endoscopy-curriculum-development-of-multi-institutional-proficiency-based-training-standards-and-pilot-testing-of-a-simulation-based-mastery-learning-curriculum-for-the-endoscopy-training-system
#6
Brenton R Franklin, Sarah B Placek, Aimee K Gardner, James R Korndorffer, Mercy D Wagner, Jonathan P Pearl, E Matthew Ritter
BACKGROUND: The Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery (FES) exam is required for American Board of Surgery certification. The purpose of this study was to develop performance standards for a simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) curriculum for the FES performance exam using the Endoscopy Training System (ETS). METHODS: Experienced endoscopists from multiple institutions and specialties performed each ETS task (scope manipulation (SM), tool targeting (TT), retroflexion (RF), loop management (LM), and mucosal inspection (MI)) with scores used to develop performance standards for a SBML training curriculum...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968223/in-sport-and-now-in-medical-school-examining-students-well-being-and-motivations-for-learning
#7
Oksana Babenko, Amber Mosewich
Objectives: To investigate relationships between students' past level of involvement in physical activity/sport and their motivations for learning (achievement goals) and well-being in medical school. In doing so, we provide evidence to medical programs to inform admission processes and curriculum planning. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Out of 640 medical students, 267 completed an online questionnaire with measures of: achievement goals, academic burnout, physical activity/sport involvement, and demographics...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956165/towards-standardized-robotic-surgery-in-gastrointestinal-oncology
#8
REVIEW
Lawrence M Knab, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh, Melissa E Hogg
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized the field of surgery over the past several decades. Specifically, robotic surgery is increasingly being used for complex operations, although the appreciable learning curve required to become proficient has deterred many surgeons. We describe how use of a proficiency-based training program can decrease the learning curve and lead to standardized robotic surgery. METHODS: The steps of a proficiency-based robotic training program are described, including (1) a proficiency-based virtual reality simulation curriculum, (2) an inanimate biotissue curriculum, (3) a video library training, (4) intraoperative evaluation, and (5) skill maintenance with ongoing assessment...
September 27, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902439/promoting-mastery-of-complex-biological-mechanisms
#9
William S Bradshaw, Kathryn J Groneman, Jennifer Nelson, John D Bell
This article describes efforts aimed at improving comprehension and retention of complex molecular mechanisms commonly studied in undergraduate biology and biochemistry courses. The focus is on the design of appropriate assessments, an active classroom emphasizing formative practice, and more effective out-of-class study habits. Assessments that require students to articulate their understanding through writing are the most effective. Frequent formative practice improves performance on problems that require intellectual transfer, the ability to apply conceptual principles in novel settings...
September 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901531/effects-of-mastery-criterion-on-the-emergence-of-derived-equivalence-relations
#10
Daniel M Fienup, Julia Brodsky
In this study, we manipulated mastery criterion form (rolling or block) and stringency (across 6 or 12 trials) and measured the emergence of derived relations. College students learned neuroanatomy equivalence classes and experienced one of two rolling mastery criteria (6 or 12 consecutive correct responses) or a block mastery criterion (12 trials in a block) during training. The study found that block and rolling mastery criteria produced similar outcomes. Effectiveness was hampered when the criterion was less stringent...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901050/do-children-understand-fraction-addition
#11
David W Braithwaite, Jing Tian, Robert S Siegler
Many children fail to master fraction arithmetic even after years of instruction. A recent theory of fraction arithmetic (Braithwaite, Pyke, & Siegler, 2017) hypothesized that this poor learning of fraction arithmetic procedures reflects poor conceptual understanding of them. To test this hypothesis, we performed three experiments examining fourth to eighth graders' estimates of fraction sums. We found that roughly half of estimates of sums were smaller than the same child's estimate of one of the two addends in the problem...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895137/bringing-radical-behaviorism-to-revolutionary-brazil-and-back-fred-keller-s-personalized-system-of-instruction-and-cold-war-engineering-education
#12
Atsushi Akera
This article traces the shifting epistemic commitments of Fred S. Keller and his behaviorist colleagues during their application of Skinnerian radical behaviorism to higher education pedagogy. Building on prior work by Alexandra Rutherford and her focus on the successive adaptation of Skinnerian behaviorism during its successive applications, this study utilizes sociologist of science Karin Knorr Cetina's concept of epistemic cultures to more precisely trace the changes in the epistemic commitments of a group of radical behaviorists as they shifted their focus to applied behavioral analysis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894074/-development-and-testing-of-a-mastery-learning-program-of-nursing-skills-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#13
SoMi Park, Hea Kung Hur, Ki Kyong Kim, Hee Young Song
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to develop and test a mastery learning program of nursing skills for undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: In this methodological study, first, the preliminary draft of a mastery learning program to provide training for nursing skills was developed based on Bloom's framework for mastery learning. Second, to test the developed program, a single-blinded, nonequivalent control group nonsynchronized study was conducted on 50 senior nursing students in a University selected by convenient sampling...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868951/experiences-of-flourishing-and-languishing-during-the-first-year-at-university
#14
Riané Knoesen, Luzelle Naudé
BACKGROUND: The theoretical framework utilised in the current study included Keyes's mental health continuum, as well as the dimensions of emotional, psychological and social well-being. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore students experiences of flourishing and languishing during their first year at university. METHODS: A nominal group technique was utilised in order to obtain data regarding the experiences of 22 first-year students and was thereafter analysed by means of thematic analysis...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843586/a-single-operator-learning-curve-analysis-for-the-endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty
#15
Monica Saumoy, Yecheskel Schneider, Xi Kathy Zhou, Alpana Shukla, Michel Kahaleh, Louis Aronne, Reem Z Sharaiha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is a novel, incisionless technique for gastric volume reduction to promote weight loss. Our aim was to describe the learning curve for performing ESG using a prospective case series. METHODS: Using a prospective case series design, we analyzed the first 128 consecutive patients at a tertiary care academic medical center who underwent ESG performed by a single operator from August 2013 to December 2016. Efficiency (refining performance to decrease procedure time) and mastery (absence of outliers) for performing ESG was evaluated by using a penalized basis-spline regression and cumulative sum analysis...
August 24, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822580/otologic-skills-training
#16
REVIEW
Gregory J Wiet, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen, Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen
This article presents a summary of the current simulation training for otologic skills. There is a wide variety of educational approaches, assessment tools, and simulators in use, including simple low-cost task trainers to complex computer-based virtual reality systems. A systematic approach to otologic skills training using adult learning theory concepts, such as repeated and distributed practice, self-directed learning, and mastery learning, is necessary for these educational interventions to be effective...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#17
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800425/implementing-the-adapted-physical-education-e-learning-program-into-physical-education-teacher-education-program
#18
Eun Hye Kwon, Martin E Block
According to the Ministry of Education Korea (2014), the approximately 70.4% of all students with disabilities are included in general schools in Korea. However, studies show that Korean GPE teachers do not feel comforatble or prepared to include students with disabilities (Oh & Lee, 1999; Roh, 2002; Roh & Oh, 2005). The purpose of this study was to explore whether an APE e-learning supplement would have an impact on the level of self-efficacy and content knowledge of pre-service teachers related to including students with intellectual disabilities...
August 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790876/the-promise-and-challenge-of-mastery-learning
#19
COMMENT
William C McGaghie, Jeffrey H Barsuk, Diane B Wayne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731928/serious-game-versus-online-course-for-pretraining-medical-students-before-a-simulation-based-mastery-learning-course-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomised-controlled-study
#20
David Drummond, Paul Delval, Sonia Abdenouri, Jennifer Truchot, Pierre-François Ceccaldi, Patrick Plaisance, Alice Hadchouel, Antoine Tesnière
BACKGROUND: Although both recorded lectures and serious games have been used to pretrain health professionals before simulation training on cardiopulmonary resuscitation, they have never been compared. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare an online course and a serious game for pretraining medical students before simulation-based mastery learning on the management of sudden cardiac arrest. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. Participants were pretrained using the online course or the serious game on day 1 and day 7...
July 14, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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