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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884677/mastery-based-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation-curriculum-the-first-step-toward-operative-robotic-proficiency
#1
Melissa E Hogg, Vernissia Tam, Mazen Zenati, Stephanie Novak, Jennifer Miller, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh
OBJECTIVE: Hepatobiliary surgery is a highly complex, low-volume specialty with long learning curves necessary to achieve optimal outcomes. This creates significant challenges in both training and measuring surgical proficiency. We hypothesize that a virtual reality curriculum with mastery-based simulation is a valid tool to train fellows toward operative proficiency. This study evaluates the content and predictive validity of robotic simulation curriculum as a first step toward developing a comprehensive, proficiency-based pathway...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871124/introducing-technology-for-thriving-in-residential-long-term-care
#2
Elisabeth Østensen, Edith Roth Gjevjon, Tone Øderud, Anne Moen
PURPOSE: To present an emerging innovative care model that supports participation and thriving by older adults in residential care, by introduction to new technology and mobilizing volunteer services. DESIGN: Qualitative, exploratory study, introducing tablet computers to 15 older adults in two municipalities. METHODS: The intervention encompassed weekly workshops over the course of 1 year with volunteer adolescents as personal tutors. Observations of workshops, interviews with nurses, and repeated semistructured interviews with older adult participants eliciting their perspective on use, experiences, perceived usefulness, and overall evaluation of the intervention...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863135/a-new-roadmap-for-the-journey-from-internist-to-rheumatologist
#3
Lisa G Criscione-Schreiber, Calvin R Brown, Kenneth S O'Rourke, Howard A Fuchs, Chaim Putterman, Irene J Tan, Joanne Valeriano-Marcet, Evelyn Hsieh, Sarah Zirkle, Marcy B Bolster
OBJECTIVE: Measurement is necessary to gauge improvement. U.S. training programs have not previously used shared standards to assess trainees' mastery of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to practice rheumatology competently. In 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Next Accreditation System (NAS) began requiring semi-annual evaluation of all medicine subspecialty fellows on 23 Internal Medicine Subspecialty Reporting Milestones. Since these Reporting Milestones are not subspecialty-specific, Rheumatology Curricular Milestones were needed to guide rheumatology fellowship training programs and fellows on the training journey from Internist to Rheumatologist...
November 11, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859721/analysis-of-the-learning-curve-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-esophageal-achalasia-single-center-two-operator-experience
#4
Lv Houning, Ningning Zhao, Zhongqing Zheng, Tao Wang, Fang Yang, Xihui Jiang, Lin Lin, Chao Sun, Bangmao Wang
OBJECTIVES: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has emerged as an advanced technique for the treatment of achalasia, and defining the learning curve is mandatory. METHODS: From August 2011 to June 2014, two operators in our institution (A&B) have performed POEM on 35 and 33 consecutive patients, respectively. The moving average and cumulative sum (CUSUM) methods were employed to analyze the POEM learning curve for corrected operative time (cOT), referring to duration of per centimeter myotomy...
November 17, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790469/student-project-in-anatomy-spa-making-the-first-year-medical-students-responsible-and-creative
#5
Satheesha B Nayak, Snigdha Mishra, Bincy M George, Naveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Creativity is a combination of ones' capacity to think outside the box, the gained knowledge and the passion for creating something. It very easily and effectively provides the creator a chance to be responsible for his/her creation and acts as a confidence booster for him/her. Creativity is inherent, but needs to be polished and nurtured. If nurtured well through proper motivation, the creator excels leaps and bounds. It develops an empathetic behaviour in the creator, when he allows his creations to be used by others...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779509/the-learning-environment-counts-longitudinal-qualitative-analysis-of-study-strategies-adopted-by-first-year-medical-students-in-a-competency-based-educational-program
#6
S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
PURPOSE: The move toward competency-based education will require medical schools and postgraduate training programs to restructure learning environments to motivate trainees to take personal ownership for learning. This qualitative study explores how medical students select and implement study strategies while enrolled in a unique, nontraditional program that emphasizes reflection on performance and competence rather than relying on high-stakes examinations or grades to motivate students to learn and excel...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754596/educational-utility-of-advanced-three-dimensional-virtual-imaging-in-evaluating-the-anatomical-configuration-of-the-frontal-recess
#7
Abib Agbetoba, Amber Luong, Jin Keat Siow, Brent Senior, Claudio Callejas, Kornel Szczygielski, Martin J Citardi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sinus surgery represents a cornerstone in the professional development of otorhinolaryngology trainees. Mastery of these surgical skills requires an understanding of paranasal sinus and skull-base anatomy. The frontal sinus is associated with a wide range of variation and complex anatomical configuration, and thus represents an important challenge for all trainees performing endoscopic sinus surgery. METHODS: Forty-five otorhinolaryngology trainees and 20 medical school students from 5 academic institutions were enrolled and randomized into 1 of 2 groups...
October 18, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734202/outcomes-of-fundamentals-of-laparoscopic-surgery-fls-mastery-training-standards-applied-to-an-ergonomically-different-lower-cost-platform
#8
Sarah B Placek, Brenton R Franklin, Sarah M Haviland, Mercy D Wagner, Mary T O'Donnell, Chad T Cryer, Kristen D Trinca, Elliott Silverman, E Matthew Ritter
OBJECTIVE: Using previously established mastery learning standards, this study compares outcomes of training on standard FLS (FLS) equipment with training on an ergonomically different (ED-FLS), but more portable, lower cost platform. METHODS: Subjects completed a pre-training FLS skills test on the standard platform and were then randomized to train on the FLS training platform (n = 20) or the ED-FLS platform (n = 19). A post-training FLS skills test was administered to both groups on the standard FLS platform...
October 12, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718350/smartphone-based-system-for-learning-and-inferring-hearing-aid-settings
#9
Gabriel Aldaz, Sunil Puria, Larry J Leifer
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that hearing aid wearers can successfully self-train their instruments' gain-frequency response and compression parameters in everyday situations. Combining hearing aids with a smartphone introduces additional computing power, memory, and a graphical user interface that may enable greater setting personalization. To explore the benefits of self-training with a smartphone-based hearing system, a parameter space was chosen with four possible combinations of microphone mode (omnidirectional and directional) and noise reduction state (active and off)...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687258/can-lessons-from-systems-based-mastery-learning-for-thoracentesis-be-translated-to-hospitalists
#10
Trevor Jensen, Andrew Lai, Michelle Mourad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682965/provider-experiences-with-the-large-scale-helping-babies-breathe-training-programme-in-tanzania
#11
Kahabi Ganka Isangula, Megan E Kassick, Allan Kaijunga Kairuki, Robson Amunga Meda, Erica Thomas, Akwila Temu, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Brett D Nelson
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, there has been renewed emphasis on reducing neonatal mortality in low-resource countries. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) programme has been shown to reduce newborn deaths. The aim of this study is to present provider-level perceptions and experiences of the HBB programme implemented at-scale in Tanzania and identify key lessons learned for scalability in similar and other settings. METHODS: Focus group discussions with HBB-trained providers were conducted using a prospective longitudinal study design between October 2013 and May 2015...
September 29, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660751/effect-of-the-children-s-health-activity-motor-program-on-motor-skills-and-self-regulation-in-head-start-preschoolers-an-efficacy-trial
#12
Leah E Robinson, Kara K Palmer, Kristen L Bub
Self-regulatory skills are broadly defined as the ability to manage emotions, focus attention, and inhibit some behaviors while activating others in accordance with social expectations and are an established indicator of academic success. Growing evidence links motor skills and physical activity to self-regulation. This study examined the efficacy of a motor skills intervention (i.e., the Children's Health Activity Motor Program, CHAMP) that is theoretically grounded in Achievement Goal Theory on motor skill performance and self-regulation in Head Start preschoolers...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651182/learning-management-by-self-employed-occupational-therapists-in-private-practice
#13
Jeannine Millsteed, Janice Redmond, Elizabeth Walker
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study explored how occupational therapists in private practice developed the business skills needed to operate a successful private practice. The literature shows that many small-business owner-managers have poorly developed business skills, and some experience high rates of failure. This indicates that to be successful in private practice, occupational therapists need to gain mastery of management competencies in addition to their professional clinical competencies...
September 20, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651097/intensity-and-learning-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Erik Linstead, Dennis R Dixon, Ryan French, Doreen Granpeesheh, Hilary Adams, Rene German, Alva Powell, Elizabeth Stevens, Jonathan Tarbox, Julie Kornack
Ample research has shown that intensive applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment produces robust outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, little is known about the relationship between treatment intensity and treatment outcomes. The current study was designed to evaluate this relationship. Participants included 726 children, ages 1.5 to 12 years old, receiving community-based behavioral intervention services. Results indicated a strong relationship between treatment intensity and mastery of learning objectives, where higher treatment intensity predicted greater progress...
September 20, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628718/motivation-to-learn-an-overview-of-contemporary-theories
#15
David A Cook, Anthony R Artino
OBJECTIVE: To succinctly summarise five contemporary theories about motivation to learn, articulate key intersections and distinctions among these theories, and identify important considerations for future research. RESULTS: Motivation has been defined as the process whereby goal-directed activities are initiated and sustained. In expectancy-value theory, motivation is a function of the expectation of success and perceived value. Attribution theory focuses on the causal attributions learners create to explain the results of an activity, and classifies these in terms of their locus, stability and controllability...
October 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584081/continuing-professional-development-in-the-twenty-first-century
#16
Ajit K Sachdeva
The critical role of continuing professional development (CPD) in supporting delivery of patient care of the highest quality and safety is receiving significant attention in the current era of monumental change. CPD is essential in efforts to ensure effectiveness of new models of health care delivery, improve outcomes and value in health care, address external regulations, and foster patient engagement. The unique features of CPD; the use of special mastery-based teaching, learning, and assessment methods, and other special interventions to promote excellence; and direct involvement of a variety of key stakeholders differentiate CPD from undergraduate medical education and graduate medical education...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580908/assessing-the-learning-potential-of-an-interactive-digital-game-versus-an-interactive-style-didactic-lecture-the-continued-importance-of-didactic-teaching-in-medical-student-education
#17
Jesse Courtier, Emily M Webb, Andrew S Phelps, David M Naeger
BACKGROUND: Games with educational intent offer a possible advantage of being more interactive and increasing learner satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a two-armed experiment to evaluate student satisfaction and content mastery for an introductory pediatric radiology topic, taught by either an interactive digital game or with a traditional didactic lecture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical students participating in a fourth-year radiology elective were invited to participate...
December 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579356/mastery-learning-improves-students-skills-in-inserting-intravenous-access-a-pre-post-study
#18
Hendrik Friederichs, Britta Brouwer, Bernhard Marschall, Anne Weissenstein
OBJECTIVE: Inserting peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) has been identified as a core competency for medical students. Because the performance - even of hygienic standards - of both students and novice physicians is frequently inadequate, medical faculties must focus on competence-based learning objectives and deliberate practice, features that are combined in mastery learning. Our aim was to determine the competency of students in inserting PVCs before and after an educational intervention...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552715/using-video-podcasting-to-enhance-the-learning-of-clinical-skills-a-qualitative-study-of-physiotherapy-students-experiences
#19
Kay M Hurst
BACKGROUND: Video podcasts, or vodcasts are increasingly used by a range of healthcare professions in the mastery of new skills. Little is known about the experiences of using vodcasts in physiotherapy education. Traditional pedagogic strategies have been employed in order to master those skills required for physiotherapy practice. There have been advances in the use of technology in medical education in the nursing, dentistry and medical fields. Vodcasts offer great versatility and potential when used as a pedagogical tool, embedded within a physiotherapy curriculum...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547019/an-educational-video-game-for-nutrition-of-young-people-theory-and-design
#20
Tracey Ledoux, Melissa Griffith, Debbe Thompson, Nga Nguyen, Kathy Watson, Janice Baranowski, Richard Buday, Dina Abdelsamad, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Playing Escape from DIAB (DIAB) and Nanoswarm (NANO), epic video game adventures, increased fruit and vegetable consumption among a multi-ethnic sample of 10-12 year old children during pilot testing. Key elements of both games were educational mini-games embedded in the overall game that promoted knowledge acquisition regarding diet, physical activity and energy balance. 95-100% of participants demonstrated mastery of these mini-games suggesting knowledge acquisition. AIM: This article describes the process of designing and developing the educational mini-games...
August 2016: Simulation & Gaming
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