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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654449/neonatal-male-circumcision-still-a-controversy
#1
Judy A Beal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653427/circumcision-does-not-have-effect-on-premature-ejaculation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Y Yang, X Wang, Y Bai, P Han
We attempted to evaluate whether circumcision has an effect on premature ejaculation. We searched three databases: PubMed, EMBASE and Google scholar on 1 May 2016 for eligible studies that referred to male sexual function after circumcision. No language restrictions were imposed. The Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5.2 software was employed for data analysis, and the fixed or the random-effect model was selected depending on the heterogeneity. Twelve studies were included in the meta-analysis, containing a total of 10019 circumcised and 11570 uncircumcised men...
June 27, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648967/glans-necrosis-following-penile-prosthesis-implantation-prevention-and-treatment-suggestions
#3
Steven K Wilson, Cesar Mora-Estaves, Paulo Egydio, David Ralph, Mohamad Habous, Christopher Love, Ahmad Shamsodini, Robert Valenzuela, Faysal A Yafi
OBJECTIVE: To examine possible etiology and treatment outcomes in 21 patients with glans necrosis following penile prosthesis implantation. METHODS: Glans necrosis typically presented with a dusky glans on first post-operative day following prosthesis implantation. RESULTS: The blood supply to the glans penis consists of the dorsal arteries and the terminal branches of the spongiosal arteries. Using this cohort, we compiled pre-operative comorbidities and adjunctive surgical maneuvers that might compromise glans vascularity leading to glans necrosis...
June 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#4
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641026/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-female-genital-cutting-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nigeria
#5
T O Ojo, M Y Ijadunola
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) among women of reproductive age in Nigeria and identify the sociodemographic factors associated with the practice. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was carried out in 38,948 women of reproductive age (15-49 years). RESULTS: The prevalence of FGC among respondents was almost 25%, most of whom (82%) had undergone the procedure when they were under 5 years of age...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639539/foreskin-and-the-molecular-politics-of-risk
#6
Aaron T Norton
In this paper, I examine disputes over recent claims that male circumcision reduces HIV risk to suggest a complicated relationship between risk individualization and categorization. Whereas randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have provided key evidence for the World Health Organization's endorsement of male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy, RCTs alone did not provide evidence for the underlying causal mechanism. For that, medical authorities have turned to histo-immunological studies of the foreskin's biomolecular vulnerability to HIV, thus molecularizing risk...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632768/the-cost-of-demand-creation-activities-and-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-targeting-school-going-adolescents-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#7
Gavin George, Michael Strauss, Elias Asfaw
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision is an integral part of the South African government's response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. However, there remains a limited body of economic analysis on the cost of VMMC programming, and the demand creation activities used to mobilize males, especially among adolescent boys in school. This study addresses this gap by presenting the costs of a VMMC program which adopted two demand creation strategies targeting school-going males in South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#8
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620502/balanitis-xerotica-obliterans-has-its-diagnostic-accuracy-improved-with-time
#9
Khalis Boksh, Nitin Patwardhan
OBJECTIVES: We observed whether general practitioners are referring more appropriately for balanitis xerotica obliterans in regards to circumcision, especially at a time of clinical concern, and whether their discriminative abilities were affected by age. We also aimed to explore if balanitis xerotica obliterans was over-diagnosed by surgeons potentially leading to unnecessary circumcisions of healthy foreskins. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: Leicester Royal Infirmary...
June 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610616/underutilisation-of-routinely-collected-data-in-the-hiv-programme-in-zambia-a-review-of-quantitatively-analysed-peer-reviewed-articles
#10
REVIEW
Tendai Munthali, Patrick Musonda, Paul Mee, Sehlulekile Gumede, Ab Schaap, Alwyn Mwinga, Caroline Phiri, Nathan Kapata, Charles Michelo, Jim Todd
BACKGROUND: The extent to which routinely collected HIV data from Zambia has been used in peer-reviewed published articles remains unexplored. This paper is an analysis of peer-reviewed articles that utilised routinely collected HIV data from Zambia within six programme areas from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Articles on HIV, published in English, listed in the Directory of open access journals, African Journals Online, Google scholar, and PubMed were reviewed. Only articles from peer-reviewed journals, that utilised routinely collected data and included quantitative data analysis methods were included...
June 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607945/why-are-we-cutting-a-survey-of-cultural-views-on-circumcision-in-the-texas-panhandle
#11
Jerrod Spense, Janet Meller, James Abbey, Kayla Foster, Cynthia Sirri, Mubariz Naqvi
To determine the factors that may contribute to parents' decision to circumcise their son in the Texas Panhandle region, voluntary surveys were distributed to all mothers with term male newborns during the mandatory discharge planning class. The father being circumcised (P < .0001), Caucasian (P < .05), and some graduate school of the caregiver (P < .011) were factors most correlated with newborns being circumcised. Newborns of Hispanic origin, those having Medicaid insurance, and a Catholic affiliation were less likely to be circumcised...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605174/-now-that-you-are-circumcised-you-cannot-have-first-sex-with-your-wife-post-circumcision-sexual-behaviours-and-beliefs-among-men-in-wakiso-district-uganda
#12
Simon Peter Sebina Kibira, Lynn Muhimbuura Atuyambe, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Fredrick Edward Makumbi, Marguerite Daniel
INTRODUCTION: Safe male circumcision is an important biomedical intervention in the comprehensive HIV prevention programmes implemented in 14 sub-Saharan African countries with high HIV prevalence. To sustain its partial protective benefit, it is important that perceived reduced HIV risk does not lead to behavioural risk compensation among circumcised men and their sexual partners. This study explored beliefs that may influence post circumcision sexual behaviours among circumcised men in a programme setting...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597554/clinical-outcomes-in-a-specialist-male-genital-skin-clinic-prospective-follow-up-of-600-patients
#13
M Shah
It is important to assess outcomes for medical interventions in order to focus scarce resources on outcomes with a known positive benefit. An open, observational study was performed to assess the clinical outcomes of 600 male patients with a genital skin problem attending a specialist secondary care dermatology facility. Patients were mainly referred by general practitioners and genitourinary medicine physicians. Outcome was measured at 3 and 6 months, and was determined by clinical examination and assessment of patient symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595971/bladder-debris-on-renal-and-bladder-ultrasound-a-significant-predictor-of-positive-urine-culture
#14
Joseph W McQuaid, Michael P Kurtz, Tanya Logvinenko, Caleb P Nelson
BACKGROUND: Renal and bladder ultrasound (RBUS) is recommended in evaluation of children after an initial, febrile urinary tract infection. Although it is not uncommon to observe debris within the bladder lumen on sonography, the significance of this finding is uncertain. Debris may be interpreted as an indication of ongoing infection, but there have been no studies to date investigating the association of bladder debris with a positive culture. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of bladder debris noted at the time of RBUS with positive urine culture results obtained from a catheterized specimen, among patients undergoing RBUS and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) on the same day...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589215/utilities-of-scrotal-flap-for-reconstruction-of-penile-skin-defects-after-severe-burn-injury
#15
REVIEW
Le Guo, Minghua Zhang, Jizhang Zeng, Pengfei Liang, Pihong Zhang, Xiaoyuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to present our experience of an effective two-stage surgical approach using scrotal skin flap for patients with penile skin defects following severe burn injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients with penile skin defects underwent scheduled two-stage reconstruction using scrotal skin flap from January 2004 to October 2016. Patients, who were selected as eligible candidates for scrotal flap, exhibited a wide range of indications, including iatrogenic injuries (e...
June 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579135/urinary-tract-infection-after-voiding-cystourethrogram
#16
E K Johnson, N R Malhotra, R Shannon, D L Jacobson, J Green, C K Rigsby, J L Holl, E Y Cheng
BACKGROUND: Reported rates of post-procedural urinary tract infection (ppUTI) after voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) are highly variable (0-42%). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the risk of ppUTI after cystogram, and evaluate predictors of ppUTI. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of children undergoing VCUG or radionuclide cystogram (henceforth 'cystogram') was conducted. Children with neurogenic bladder who underwent cystogram in the operating room and without follow-up at the study institution were excluded...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579133/two-stage-flap-repair-of-severe-hypospadias-usefulness-of-the-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty
#17
K H Tijani, H O Idiodi-Thomas, O A Elebute, F M Alakaloko, R W Ojewola, A O Ademuyiwa
PURPOSE: The use of flaps in the two-stage repair of posterior hypospadias associated with severe chordee has been well established. Despite the almost certain guarantee of flap take, complications such as diverticuli are still relatively high. While different applications of the tubularized incised plate have been described, experience with the application of the technique to the two-stage flap repair is very limited. A previous local review of 15 cases performed at the present institution during the period 1998-2003, using the technique as described by Rekit, revealed fistulae and diverticulum rates of 20% and 27%, respectively...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571679/side-to-side-refluxing-non-dismembered-ureterocystotomy-a-novel-strategy-to-address-obstructed-megaureters-in-children
#18
Fahad A Alyami, Martin A Koyle, Paul R Bowlin, Joseph M Gleason, Luis H Braga, Armando J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: A non-refluxing megaureter (NRMU) is a relatively common cause of antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH). Although non-operative management is favored, surgical intervention is sometimes warranted. There is controversy regarding the best approach, particularly in young children. Herein we describe our experience with a non-dismembered side-to-side refluxing ureterocystotomy (UC) as a simple option to address obstruction. METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2017, 32 patients underwent UC, performed at four referral centers in North America...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567234/penile-inflammatory-skin-disorders-and-the-preventive-role-of-circumcision
#19
REVIEW
Brian J Morris, John N Krieger
Penile inflammatory skin conditions such as balanitis and posthitis are common, especially in uncircumcised males, and feature prominently in medical consultations. We conducted a systematic review of the medical literature on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cohrane databases using keywords "balanitis," "posthitis," "balanoposthitis," "lichen sclerosus," "penile inflammation," and "inflammation penis," along with "circumcision," "circumcised," and "uncircumcised." Balanitis is the most common inflammatory disease of the penis...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561167/-buried-penis-a-comprehensive-review-on-aetiology-classification-and-plastic-surgical-reconstruction
#20
Ursula Mirastschijski, Carla Schwenke, Sebastian Melchior, Can Cedidi
The buried penis, also called hidden or concealed penis, is associated with morbid obesity or seen after massive weight loss in adults. In highly obese, bariatric patients, the penile shaft invaginates into the pre-pubic fat masses, resulting in voiding problems and urine wetting of the surrounding tissue. This leads to infection, skin maceration, lichen sclerosus and eczema. Sole circumcision without mons pubis plasty or penile fixation does not suffice to alleviate the discomfort and leads to recurrence. In post-bariatric patients, penile retraction is only partially present or absent, but abundant pre-pubic skin tissue forms an apron covering the genitals with problems in hygiene and sexual intercourse...
April 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
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