keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

circumcision

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030932/a-prospective-audit-of-pain-profiles-following-general-and-urological-surgery-in-children
#1
Caroline A Wilson, David Sommerfield, Thomas F E Drake-Brockman, Claudia Lagrange, Anoop Ramgolam, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is frequently undertreated in children both in hospital and at home following discharge. Pain has both short- and long-term consequences for children, their families, and the healthcare system. A greater understanding of procedure-specific postoperative pain trajectories is required to improve pain management. AIM: To determine the duration and severity of acute postoperative pain experienced by children undergoing 8 different general and urological procedures (primary outcomes)...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029086/hiv-prevention-costs-and-their-predictors-evidence-from-the-orphea-project-in-kenya
#2
Omar Galárraga, Richard G Wamai, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Mercy G Mugo, David Contreras-Loya, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Helen Nyakundi, Joseph K Wang'ombe
We estimate costs and their predictors for three HIV prevention interventions in Kenya: HIV testing and counselling (HTC), prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) and voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). As part of the 'Optimizing the Response of Prevention: HIV Efficiency in Africa' (ORPHEA) project, we collected retrospective data from government and non-governmental health facilities for 2011-12. We used multi-stage sampling to determine a sample of health facilities by type, ownership, size and interventions offered totalling 144 sites in 78 health facilities in 33 districts across Kenya...
September 26, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028293/a-large-case-series-on-surgical-outcomes-in-congenital-fxiii-deficiency-patients-in-iran
#3
Majid Naderi, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Ghasem Miri-Aliabad, Hakimeh Tavosi, Mehran Karimi
BACKGROUND: The lack of accepted standardized surgical guidelines leads to dependence on the treating physicians' and centers' experiences. AIM: Our aim is to evaluate the surgical outcomes on a large group of congenital FXIII deficiency (FXIIID) patients. METHODS: A case series study was conducted on congenital FXIIID patients in two major referral centers located in Iran from 2010 to 2016 prior to surgery. All patients were on prophylaxis using plasma factor XIII concentrate (10 U kg(-1) , every 28 days) except three patients...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027811/prevention-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-related-tumors-in-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv
#4
Mario Poljak, Anja Šterbenc, Maja M Lunar
In comparison to their HIV-negative counterparts, people living with HIV (PLWH) have a higher prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in various anatomical sites coupled with increased HPV persistence, higher risk of HPV-related tumors, and faster disease progression. Areas covered: Gender-neutral prevention strategies for HPV-related cancers in PLWH discussed: ABC approach, HPV vaccination, antiretroviral treatment (ART), anal cancer screening, and smoking cessation. Gender specific strategies: cervical cancer screening reduces the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer and circumcision might reduce the risk of HPV infections in men...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026793/sexual-function-mental-well-being-and-quality-of-life-among-kurdish-circumcised-women-in-iran
#5
Farzaneh Daneshkhah, Hamid Allahverdipour, Leila Jahangiri, Tatiana Andreeva
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation is an intentional inhumane procedure that threatens girls and women's health. It is especially widespread in developing countries due to cultural, traditional and religious preferences. The aim of the current study was to investigate how circumcision affects women's sexual function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban and rural area of Piranshahr County, Iran, in 2015 among convenience samples of 200 women, 15-49 yr old, who were applying to health care centers for receiving routine health care services...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025633/association-between-male-circumcision-and-women-s-biomedical-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#6
Jonathan M Grund, Tyler S Bryant, Inimfon Jackson, Kelly Curran, Naomi Bock, Carlos Toledo, Joanna Taliano, Sheng Zhou, Jorge Martin Del Campo, Ling Yang, Apollo Kivumbi, Peizi Li, Sherri Pals, Stephanie M Davis
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV and some sexually transmitted infections from heterosexual exposure, and is essential for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have also investigated associations between male circumcision and risk of acquisition of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in women. We aimed to review all evidence on associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes to benefit women's health programmes. METHODS: In this systematic review we searched for peer-reviewed and grey literature publications reporting associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes up to April 11, 2016...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025620/effect-of-male-circumcision-on-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-cervical-cancer-in-women
#7
Brian J Morris, Catherine A Hankins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022847/the-prison-of-shame-finding-a-passage-through-dreams
#8
Leide Porcu
In New York City, a man and his therapist talk about shame as a psychological, bodily, gendered, and social experience that pervades even the consulting room. They describe and analyze trauma and guilt against the background of a common Mediterranean culture they experienced while growing up, albeit from different gendered and class positions. The patient's modest presenting complaint of blushing opens into an exploration that results in an unexpectedly profound transformation. Ultimately, therapy helps him acknowledge and process his traumatic experience of circumcision and other traumas...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019581/observation-time-and-spontaneous-resolution-of-primary-phimosis-in-children
#9
Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção, Dênis Silva Queiroz, Wilson Elias de-Oliveira, Giovana Tuccille Comes, Rozemeire Garcia Marques, Débora Rodrigues Jozala, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan
OBJECTIVE: to investigate spontaneous resolution rate of a series of patients with physiologic phimosis in relation to observation time and presence of symptoms. METHODS: retrospective and longitudinal follow-up study of patients with physiologic phimosis, that did not apply topic treatment. These patients were invited for a new visit for reevaluation, or recent data were obtained by chart analysis. Spontaneous resolution rate was determined and statistically compared to age, presence of symptoms at first medical visit and time until reevaluation...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016651/soccer-based-promotion-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-with-secondary-students-in-uganda
#10
George Miiro, Jeff DeCelles, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Philip Muzira, Wilber Ssembajjwe, Saidat Musoke, Lorna J Gibson, Rebecca B Hershow, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
The Ugandan government is committed to scaling-up proven HIV prevention strategies including safe male circumcision, and innovative strategies are needed to increase circumcision uptake. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a soccer-based intervention ("Make The Cut") among schoolboys in a peri-urban district of Uganda. The intervention was led by trained, recently circumcised "coaches" who facilitated a 60-minute session delivered in schools, including an interactive penalty shoot-out game using metaphors for HIV prevention, sharing of the coaches' circumcision story, group discussion and ongoing engagement from the coach to facilitate linkage to male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016638/penile-coital-injuries-in-men-decline-after-circumcision-results-from-a-prospective-study-of-recently-circumcised-and-uncircumcised-men-in-western-kenya
#11
Nelli Westercamp, Supriya D Mehta, Walter Jaoko, Timothy A Okeyo, Robert C Bailey
BACKGROUND: Penile coital injuries are one of the suggested mechanisms behind the increased risk of HIV among uncircumcised men. We evaluated the prevalence and correlates of self-reported penile coital injuries in a longitudinal community-based cohort of young (18-24 years old), newly circumcised and uncircumcised men in Western Kenya. METHODS: Self-reported penile coital injuries were assessed at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months of follow-up, and were defined as scratches, cuts or abrasions during sex, penile soreness during sex, and skin of the penis bleeding during sex...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990535/voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-to-prevent-hiv-in-tanah-papua-indonesia-field-trial-to-assess-acceptability-and-feasibility
#12
M Ridwan Ansari, Elan Lazuardi, Frank Stephen Wignall, Constant Karma, Sylvanus A Sumule, Siti Nadia, Robert Magnani
BACKGROUND: Relatively little attention has been directed to the significant HIV prevention role that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) can play in populations with moderate levels of HIV prevalence. One such location is Tanah Papua, Indonesia, which in 2013 had a general population HIV prevalence of 2.3% concentrated among indigenous Papuans (2.9% prevalence), very few of whom are circumcised. This article reports the findings of an implementation research study assessing the acceptability and feasibility of introducing VMMC for HIV prevention...
October 5, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989010/global-health-education-for-medical-students-when-learning-objectives-include-research
#13
Alison M Bales, Anthony R Oddo, David J Dennis, Robert C Siska, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Nompumelelo Dlamini, Ronald J Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Luke Commission, a provider of comprehensive mobile health outreach in rural Swaziland, focuses on human immunodeficiency virus testing and prevention, including the performance of over 100 circumcisions weekly. Educational objectives for medical student global health electives are essential. Learning research methodology while engaging in clinical activities reinforces curriculum goals. Medical care databases can produce clinically significant findings affecting international health policy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982175/predictors-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-prevalence-among-men-aged-25-39-years-in-nyanza-region-kenya-results-from-the-baseline-survey-of-the-tasco-study
#14
Elijah Odoyo-June, Kawango Agot, Jonathan M Grund, Frankline Onchiri, Paul Musingila, Edward Mboya, Donath Emusu, Jacob Onyango, Spala Ohaga, Leonard Soo, Boaz Otieno-Nyunya
INTRODUCTION: Uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an intervention for prevention of HIV acquisition has been low among men aged ≥25 years in Nyanza region, western Kenya. We conducted a baseline survey of the prevalence and predictors of VMMC among men ages 25-39 years as part of the preparations for a cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT) called the Target, Speed and Coverage (TASCO) Study. The TASCO Study aimed to assess the impact of two demand creation interventions-interpersonal communication (IPC) and dedicated service outlets (DSO), delivered separately and together (IPC + DSO)-on VMMC uptake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978292/factors-associated-with-the-take-up-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-amongst-learners-in-rural-kwazulu-natal
#15
Gavin George, Kaymarlin Govender, Sean Beckett, Carl Montague, Janet Frohlich
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is an integral part of South Africa's HIV prevention programme. School-going males, in particular, are considered a cost-effective target population. However, ambitious policy targets have not been achieved due to the plateau in demand for VMMC. This study documents the factors influencing demand for VMMC amongst school-going males. Data were collected from 750 learners (251 circumcised and 499 uncircumcised) from 42 secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978288/delivering-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-education-in-western-kenya-a-phenomenological-case-study
#16
Gary Lacey
While generic programmes have been created to raise sexual health awareness, these cannot always be applied to communities whose cultures and circumstances make them especially vulnerable to infection. Taking a phenomenological approach, this paper examines the circumstances of the Gusii people of Kisii, Kenya, and examines the specific challenges of providing sexual health education to the community as experienced by an ethnic Gusii woman, Joyce Ombasa. Joyce's story reveals that the Gusii living in and around rural villages have several cultural characteristics that make them susceptible to HIV/AIDS and that render community health education problematic, especially if offered by a female educator of the same ethnicity...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972681/surgical-management-of-penile-carcinoma-in-situ-results-from-an-international-collaborative-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Juan Chipollini, Sylvia Yan, Sarah R Ottenhof, Yao Zhu, Désirée Draeger, Adam S Baumgarten, Dominic H Tang, Chris Protzel, Ding-Wei Ye, Oliver W Hakenberg, Simon Horenblas, Nicholas A Watkin, Philippe E Spiess
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate recurrence after penile sparing surgery (PSS) in the management of carcinoma-in-situ (CIS) of the penis in a large multicenter cohort of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified consecutive patients from 5 major, academic centers treated from June 1986 to November 2014 who underwent PSS for pathologically proven penile CIS. Primary outcome was local recurrence free survival (RFS) and estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 205 patients were identified...
October 3, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963998/preventive-newborn-male-circumcision-what-is-the-child-s-best-interest
#18
Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Adele A Teleman, Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Andrea Poscia, Fermín J González-Melado, Nicola Panocchia
Preventive newborn male circumcision has been at the center of scientific debate for many years. The reason for promoting preventive newborn male circumcision, is the reduction of the incidence of UTIs (in the first six months of life), penile cancer, transmission of STDs/HIV infection/AIDS. However preventive interventions in the newborn involving violations of bodily integrity elicit several ethical questions. In this article, we reviewed the literature regarding circumcision, the prevention of UTIs, penile cancer, transmission of STDs/HIV infection/AIDS and complications of this practice in the neonatal period...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942686/fibrin-glue-for-local-haemostasis-in-haemophilia-surgery
#19
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Local fibrin glue (FG) appears to be a useful local haemostatic agent for severe haemorrhage in people with haemophilia (PWH) undergoing surgical procedures. AIM: To evaluate the role of local FG in PWH. METHODS: A review of the literature on the topic has been performed. RESULTS: Local FG is not always necessary to achieve haemostasis in all surgical procedures performed in PWH. However, it could be a good adjunct therapy, primarily when a surgical field will bleed more than expected (e...
September 23, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939185/the-role-of-2-octyl-cyanoacrylate-in-prevention-of-penile-adhesions-after-circumcision-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#20
Hanna Alemayehu, Nicole E Sharp, Katherine Gonzalez, Ashwini S Poola, Charles L Snyder, Shawn D St Peter
PURPOSE: Penile adhesions are the most common complication after circumcision, although strategies to decrease them are poorly studied. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing the use of 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (glue) skin adhesive to hydrophobic ointment after circumcision. METHODS: Patients <7years old undergoing circumcision were randomized to glue around the sutures and corona of the penis or antibiotic ointment. The primary outcome variable was postoperative penile adhesions...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
13253
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"