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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101789/prevalence-and-predictors-of-uncircumcised-kenyan-men-s-desire-for-circumcision-for-their-infant-sons
#1
F Parker Hudson, William C Miller, Samwel Rao, Kawango Agot, Harsha Thirumurthy
Men are key decision makers for their son's circumcision, so understanding their beliefs is important for the uptake of early infant male circumcision in countries in sub-Saharan Africa that have high HIV prevalence. We analyzed men's preferences for circumcising their sons using data from a population-representative survey of 1501 uncircumcised men aged 25-49 years in western Kenya. Most men (59%) reported they would "definitely" want their son circumcised if a son was born to them within the next year. However, only 25% intended to become circumcised themselves...
January 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089110/recurrence-after-management-of-meatal-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans
#2
Warren Snodgrass, Juan Soto Blanquel, Nicol Corbin Bush
INTRODUCTION: We review outcomes after management of meatal balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO). The primary outcome was recurrent meatal BXO. METHODS: A database comprising mostly hypospadias patients was queried for meatal BXO. The disease was confirmed histologically in all cases. Management included topical steroids and/or immunosuppressants, and/or surgical excision of BXO with two-stage oral mucosa graft circumferential replacement urethroplasty. RESULTS: A total of 12 patients had meatal BXO (8 boys and 4 adults)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088311/prevalence-of-preoperative-penile-abnormalities-among-voluntary-male-medical-circumcision-patients-in-swaziland
#3
Anthony R Oddo, Elizabeth Ruedrich, Christopher Zust, Lindsey Marugg, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Rebekah Sartori, Ronald Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Circumcision has been found to be an effective strategy for lowering the transmission of HIV in Africa. The Luke Commission, a mobile hospital outreach program, has used this information to decrease the rate of HIV in Swaziland by performing voluntary male medical circumcisions throughout the country. During many of these circumcisions, genital medical conditions and penile abnormalities are simultaneously discovered and corrected. PURPOSE: The goal of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of penile abnormalities discovered and treated during voluntary male medical circumcisions performed by The Luke Commission (TLC) throughout rural Swaziland...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079830/geographic-coverage-of-male-circumcision-in-western-kenya
#4
Adam Akullian, Mathews Onyango, Daniel Klein, Jacob Odhiambo, Anna Bershteyn
Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention has scaled up rapidly among young men in western Kenya since 2008. Whether the program has successfully reached uncircumcised men evenly across the region is largely unknown. Using data from two cluster randomized surveys from the 2008 and 2014 Kenyan Demographic Health Survey (KDHS), we mapped the continuous spatial distribution of circumcised men by age group across former Nyanza Province to identify geographic areas where local circumcision prevalence is lower than the overall, regional prevalence...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074706/christians-cut-popular-religion-and-the-global-health-campaign-for-medical-male-circumcision-in-swaziland
#5
Casey Golomski, Sonene Nyawo
Swaziland faces one of the worst HIV epidemics in the world and is a site for the current global health campaign in sub-Saharan Africa to medically circumcise the majority of the male population. Given that Swaziland is also majority Christian, how does the most popular religion influence acceptance, rejection or understandings of medical male circumcision? This article considers interpretive differences by Christians across the Kingdom's three ecumenical organisations, showing how a diverse group people singly glossed as 'Christian' in most public health acceptability studies critically rejected the procedure in unity, but not uniformly...
January 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070411/an-intersectional-approach-for-understanding-the-vulnerabilities-of-english-speaking-heterosexual-caribbean-youth-to-hiv-aids-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-prevention-and-intervention-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Marcia Elizabeth Sutherland
Caribbean youth comprise about 30 percent of the English-speaking Caribbean population, and about 81,000 Caribbean and Latin American youth are HIV infected. AIDS is the leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-old English-speaking Caribbean youth. This article relies on intersectionality theory in the assessment of the macro-level, or structural variables, and micro-level, or individual level, variables that influence the risk-taking sexual behaviors of heterosexual English-speaking Caribbean youth and increase their vulnerability to HIV/sexually transmitted infections...
July 2016: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069002/unpacking-early-infant-male-circumcision-decision-making-using-qualitative-findings-from-zimbabwe
#7
Webster Mavhu, Karin Hatzold, Getrude Ncube, Shamiso Fernando, Collin Mangenah, Kumbirai Chatora, Roy Dhlamini, Owen Mugurungi, Ismail Ticklay, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Early infant male circumcision (EIMC) has been identified as a key HIV prevention intervention. Exploring the decision-making process for adoption of EIMC for HIV prevention among parents and other key stakeholders is critical for designing effective demand creation interventions to maximize uptake, roll out and impact in preventing HIV. This paper describes key players, decisions and actions involved in the EIMC decision-making process. METHODS: Two complementary qualitative studies explored hypothetical and actual acceptability of EIMC in Zimbabwe...
January 9, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068886/expertise-or-ideology-a-response-to-morris-et-al-2016-circumcision-is-a-primary-preventive-against-hiv-infection-critique-of-a-contrary-meta-regression-analysis-by-van-howe
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#9
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051050/our-experience-of-proximal-hypospadias-repair-using-the-cloutier-bracka-technique-at-the-gynaeco-obstetric-and-paediatric-hospital-yaounde-cameroon
#10
Mouafo Tambo Faustin Felicien, A S Nwaha Makon, C Kamadjou, G Fossi, C Le Coultre, O G Andze, M A Sosso, P Y Mure
BACKGROUND: In parts of Africa, routine circumcision is practised and sometimes even on children with hypospadias. The lack of preputial foreskin renders urethroplasty more difficult and often requires to use of a mucosal graft as described by Bracka. OBJECTIVE: The authors describe their experience of hypospadias repair using Bracka's technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 5 years, 100 cases of proximal hypospadias were operated in our institution...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046126/correction-modeling-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-increased-efforts-to-attract-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-clients-ages-20-29-in-zimbabwe
#11
Katharine Kripke, Karin Hatzold, Owen Mugurungi, Gertrude Ncube, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Elizabeth Gold, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Natalie Kruse-Levy, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164144.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046115/correction-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-malawi-modeling-the-impact-and-cost-of-focusing-the-program-by-client-age-and-geography
#12
Katharine Kripke, Frank Chimbwandira, Zebedee Mwandi, Faustin Matchere, Melissa Schnure, Jason Reed, Delivette Castor, Sema Sgaier, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156521.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046114/correction-cost-and-impact-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa-focusing-the-program-on-specific-age-groups-and-provinces
#13
Katherine Kripke, Ping-An Chen, Andrea Vazzano, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Yogan Pillay, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Collen Bonnecwe, Peter Barron, Eva Kiwango, Delivette Castor, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157071.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046112/correction-assessing-progress-impact-and-next-steps-in-rolling-out-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-14-priority-countries-in-eastern-and-southern-africa-through-2014
#14
Katharine Kripke, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Julia Samuelson, Melissa Schnure, Shona Dalal, Timothy Farley, Catherine Hankins, Anne G Thomas, Jason Reed, Peter Stegman, Naomi Bock
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158767.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046093/correction-estimating-client-out-of-pocket-costs-for-accessing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#15
Michel Tchuenche, Vibhuti Haté, Dacia McPherson, Eurica Palmer, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164147.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046088/correction-the-cost-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#16
Michel Tchuenche, Eurica Palmer, Vibhuti Haté, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160207.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046086/correction-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-swaziland-modeling-the-impact-of-age-targeting
#17
Katharine Kripke, Velephi Okello, Vusi Maziya, Wendy Benzerga, Munamato Mirira, Elizabeth Gold, Melissa Schnure, Sema Sgaier, Delivette Castor, Jason Reed, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156776.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046081/correction-modeling-the-impact-of-uganda-s-safe-male-circumcision-program-implications-for-age-and-regional-targeting
#18
Katharine Kripke, Andrea Vazzano, William Kirungi, Joshua Musinguzi, Alex Opio, Rhobbinah Ssempebwa, Susan Nakawunde, Sheila Kyobutungi, Juliet N Akao, Fred Magala, George Mwidu, Delivette Castor, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158693.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043767/bleeding-after-circumcision-is-more-likely-in-children-with-lichen-sclerosus-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans
#19
P Somov, B K Y Chan, C Wilde, H Corbett
INTRODUCTION: Over 27,000 circumcisions were performed in England in 2012-13. The complication rate is generally perceived to be low, although published figures vary widely. Balanitis xerotica obliterans, more correctly termed Lichen Sclerosus et atrophicus (LS), is one of the commonest indications for medical circumcision. To test the hypothesis that children undergoing circumcision for LS have a higher rate of postoperative bleeding than those undergoing the procedure for other reasons, we retrospectively reviewed records for patients undergoing circumcision...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042634/anesthesia-methods-used-by-anesthetic-specialists-for-circumcision-cases-national-survey-study-for-turkey
#20
Cafer Altaş, Gamze Küçükosman, Bülent S Yurtlu, Rahşan D Okyay, Bengü G Aydın, Özcan Pişkin, Murat Çimencan, Hilal Ayoğlu, Volkan Hancı, Işıl Özkoçak-Turan
To examine the anesthesiologist's choice for anesthesia techniques and drugs in circumcision and determine the preoperative examination, intraoperative monitoring techniques, postoperative analgesia methods, and common complications among anesthesiologists working in Turkey. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Bulent Ecevit University Hospital, Zonguldak, Turkey, between May and July 2012. Survey data were obtained via survey forms through electronic data over the web. The questionnaire consists of 20 questions...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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