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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922138/mitomycin-c-treated-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-as-a-safe-delivery-system-of-gold-nanorods-for-targeted-photothermal-therapy-of-gastric-cancer
#1
Meng Yang, Yanlei Liu, Wenxiu Hou, Xiao Zhi, Chunlei Zhang, Xinquan Jiang, Fei Pan, Yuming Yang, Jian Ni, Daxiang Cui
Human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) possess an intrinsic tumor tropism ability. However, iPS cells are impeded in clinical applications of tumor therapy due to the formation of teratomas and their survival in normal organs such as the liver, lungs, spleen and kidneys. Mitomycin C (MMC) can overcome this limitation by suppressing iPS proliferation. Herein, we fabricated a safe delivery system of iPS cells treated with MMC loading with gold nanorods (AuNRs) for the targeted photothermal treatment of gastric cancer...
December 6, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909623/distribution-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-the-bladders-of-fetal-rats-with-retinoic-acid-induced-myelomeningocele
#2
Ali Tekin, Osman Zeki Karakuş, Gülce Hakgüder, Oğuz Ateş, Erdener Özer, Mustafa Olguner, Feza Miraç Akgür
OBJECTIVE: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is one of the most common reason of neurogenic bladder dysfunction in children. Although neurogenic bladder dysfunction occurrence is related with bladder innervation, also there are some changes seen in the smooth muscle and neural cells of the bladder. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are the pacemaker cells found in organs with peristaltic activity. Although it has been shown that ICC are diminished in the rat urinary bladder with traumatic spinal cord injury, there is no data about ICC in fetal rat bladders with MMC...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908498/hydrophilic-interaction-and-reversed-phase-mixed-mode-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-high-resolution-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-polar-lipids-analysis
#3
Sara Granafei, Pietro Azzone, Vito Alessandro Spinelli, Ilario Losito, Francesco Palmisano, Tommaso R I Cataldi
A hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) fused-core column (150×2.1mm ID, 2.7μm particle size) and a short reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) column (20mm×2.1mm ID, 1.9μm) were serially coupled to perform mixed-mode chromatography (MMC) on complex mixtures of phospholipids (PL). Mobile phase composition and gradient elution program were, preliminarily, optimized using a mixture of phosphatidylcholines (PC), phosphatidylethanolamines (PE), their corresponding lyso-forms (LPC and LPE), and sphingomyelins (SM)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908258/neurotoxicity-induced-by-mephedrone-an-up-to-date-review
#4
Flaminia Pantano, Roberta Tittarelli, Giulio Mannocchi, Roberta Pacifici, Alessandro di Luca, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Enrico Marinelli
Mephedrone is a β-ketoamphetamine belonging to the family of synthetic cathinones, an emerging class of designer drugs known for their hallucinogenic and psychostimulant properties as well as for their abuse potential. The aim of this review was to examine the emerging scientific literature on the possible mephedrone-induced neurotoxicity, yet not well defined due to the limited number of experimental studies, mainly carried on animal models. Relevant scientific articles were identified from international literature databases (Medline, Scopus, etc...
November 30, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905335/incidence-of-short-term-complications-and-associated-factors-after-primary-trabeculectomy-in-chiang-mai-university-hospital
#5
Thidarat Leeungurasatien, Preeyanuch Khunsongkiet, Kassara Pathanapitoon, Damrong Wiwatwongwana
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence of early postoperative complications and associated factors after primary trabeculectomy in Thai glaucoma patients. DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational study performed in Chiang Mai University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and eighteen glaucoma patients participated in the study. METHODS: All glaucoma patients underwent primary trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC) using fornix-based conjunctival flap technique between December 2011 and May 2013...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899780/-a-case-of-successful-drug-eluting-microsphere-transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-associated-tumor-thrombus-in-the-inferior-vena-cava-and-right-atrium
#6
Katsuya Takechi, Shinichi Hori, Keita Yamashiro, Takeo Yuki, Atsushi Hori
Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with severe vascular invasion has a dismal prognosis, and there is no well-established effective therapy. We report an 84-year-old man who benefited from multiple transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE)treatments for advanced HCC with severe vascular invasion. Initial CT revealed a recurrent, poorly differentiated HCC with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava(IVC)and right atrium(Vv3). Two cycles of TACE with 5-FU, DOC, MMC, and superabsorbent polymer microspheres(SAP-MS)with BV resulted in considerable reduction of the tumor thrombus...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893886/integrin-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-inhibition-by-clt-28643-reduces-postoperative-wound-healing-in-a-mouse-model-of-glaucoma-filtration-surgery
#7
Tine Van Bergen, Grit Zahn, Patrizia Caldirola, Mario Fsadni, Ninus Caram-Lelham, Evelien Vandewalle, Lieve Moons, Ingeborg Stalmans
Purpose: To evaluate the therapeutic potential of the small molecule integrin α5β1 inhibitor, CLT-28643, to improve the filtering surgery outcome in a mouse model. Different dose regimens and administration routes of the inhibitor were compared with mitomycin C (MMC), the gold standard in clin ical practice. Methods: The efficacy of CLT-28643 on surgical outcome was studied in a mouse model for filtering surgery (n = 40 eyes from 20 mice per group). Single and repeated subconjunctival (SCJ) injections (1 or 2 μg) and topical eye drops (10 μg) of the integrin inhibitor were compared with 2-minute administration of MMC 0...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889535/does-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-with-or-without-surgical-management-affect-the-stability-of-counterclockwise-rotation-of-the-maxillomandibular-complex-in-orthognathic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Essam Ahmed Al-Moraissi, Larry M Wolford
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the stability of counterclockwise rotation (CCWR) of the maxillomandibular complex (MMC) in orthognathic surgery with or without surgical correction of coexisting temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a systematic review and meta-analysis. A search of major databases through PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL was performed. Inclusion criteria were studies that analyzed CCWR of the MMC in regard to skeletal stability after orthognathic surgery in patients with or without pre-existing TMJ pathology that was or was not surgically corrected concomitantly...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889038/treatment-of-the-primary-tumor-in-anal-canal-cancers
#9
REVIEW
Rob Glynne-Jones, Sheela Rao
Radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C (MMC) remains the standard of care for squamous cell carcinoma of the anus. Phase III trials over 2 decades have used combined radiation doses of 50 to 60 Gy with concurrent fluoropyrimidines, MMC, or cisplatin in various doses and schedules. Modern radiotherapy techniques allow the production of highly conformal plans, decreasing radiation doses to the organs at risk and ensuring a shorter overall treatment time without the need for treatment breaks...
January 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881976/the-roles-of-alpha-momorcharin-and-jasmonic-acid-in-modulating-the-response-of-momordica-charantia-to-cucumber-mosaic-virus
#10
Ting Yang, Yao Meng, Li-Juan Chen, Hong-Hui Lin, De-Hui Xi
Alpha-momorcharin (α-MMC) is a type-I ribosome inactivating protein with a molecular weight of 29 kDa that is found in Momordica charantia, and has been shown to be effective against a broad range of human viruses as well as having anti-tumor activities. However, the role of endogenous α-MMC under viral infection and the mechanism of the anti-viral activities of α-MMC in plants are still unknown. To study the effect of α-MMC on plant viral defense and how α-MMC increases plant resistance to virus, the M...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878998/the-transition-from-somatic-to-germline-identity-shows-conserved-and-specialized-features-during-angiosperm-evolution
#11
Jorge Lora, María Herrero, Matthew R Tucker, José I Hormaza
How and why specific plant cells adopt germline identity during ovule development has proved challenging to address, and the pathways that are active in the ovules of basal/early-divergent angiosperms possessing a multilayered nucellus are still unclear. Here, we compare megasporogenesis between two early-divergent angiosperms (Annona cherimola and Persea americana) and the evolutionarily derived Arabidopsis thaliana, studying the three-dimensional spatial position of the megaspore mother cell (MMC), the compositional details of the MMC wall and the location of PIN1 expression...
November 23, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878811/adjuvant-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-at-risk-for-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Paul L Feingold, Mei Li M Kwong, Jeremy L Davis, Udo Rudloff
The peritoneal surface is a frequent site of recurrence following surgery for gastric cancer. A systematic review and random effect analysis was undertaken to analyze current literature regarding the role of adjuvant intraperitoneal chemotherapy in gastric cancer. While pooled analysis supports the use of adjuvant IP chemotherapy in resectable gastric cancer, maximal benefit occured with intra-operative delivery, and possibly the use of MMC. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867946/advances-in-fetal-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Kathryn M Maselli, Andrea Badillo
Historically, the gold standard for the treatment of congenital malformations has been planned delivery at tertiary care center with attempted post-natal repair or amelioration of the lesion. Over the last few decades however, rapid advances in imaging and instrumentation technology combined with superior knowledge of fetal pathophysiology has led to the development of novel intrauterine interventions for most common fetal anomalies. Great success has already been seen the treatment of previous devastating anomalies such as myelomeningocele (MMC), congenital cystic malformations of the lung, twin-twin transfusion, and sacrococcygeal teratomas...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862250/prenatal-myelomeningocele-repair-do-bladders-better
#14
Maya Horst, Luca Mazzone, Thomas Schraner, Christine Bodmer, Ueli Möhrlen, Martin Meuli, Rita Gobet
AIMS: Prenatal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair has been proven to significantly reduce the need for hydrocephalus shunting and improve lower-extremity motor outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prenatal MMC repair on the urological outcome. METHODS: All patients who underwent fetal MMC repair at our institution are followed prospectively. Assessments include medical history, renal and bladder ultrasound, voiding cystourethrogram and urodynamic study, need for clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) and anticholinergics, and the occurrence of urinary tract infections (UTI)...
November 15, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854142/effects-of-mitomycin-c-in-early-conjunctival-inflammation-after-pterygium-surgery
#15
Claudia da Costa Paula, Gemma Julio, Pamela Campos, Pere Pujol, Mouafk Asaad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare inflammatory events and graft characteristics 1 month and 6 months after conjunctival limbal autograft (CLAU) with and without intraoperative mitomycin C (MMC). METHODS: This study included 69 eyes of 69 patient's eyes with pterygium. Clinical data concerning patient demography, preoperative examination including pterygium morphology, recurrence clinical assessment, and complications after CLAU with (MMC+) and without (MMC-) intraoperative MMC were all registered at 1 month and 6 months after surgery...
November 17, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849350/maternal-mental-health-and-infant-mortality-for-healthy-weight-infants
#16
Susan E White, Robert W Gladden
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine if severe mental illness and/or a history of substance use in mothers of babies of a healthy weight was associated with infant mortality. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional observational study using CareSource historical billed Medicaid Managed Care plan (MMC) claims in Ohio. METHODS: CareSource is Ohio's largest MMCP, serving approximately 1.2 million Medicaid consumers. Claims from 89,159 babies of a healthy weight (≥ 2500 grams) and their mothers were selected from the CareSource Ohio MMCP population from January 2011 through December 2014...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834104/upregulating-dab2ip-expression-via-egr-1-inhibition-a-new-approach-for-overcoming-fractionated-irradiation-induced-cross-tolerance-to-ionizing-radiation-and-mitomycin-c-in-tumor-cells
#17
Rulve Chang, Hui He, Guangmin Mao, Zhaolu Kong
PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the effect of fractionated irradiation (FI) on tumor cells sensitivity to ionizing radiation (IR) and antineoplastic drugs, and examined the potential of early growth response-1 (EGR-1) inhibition to sensitize tumor cells to IR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PC3 and HepG2 cells were subjected to γ-rays at 2 Gy for ten times. Survived cells were named PC3/R and HepG2/R, respectively. Cells sensitivity to irradiation and chemotherapeutic drugs, including cisplatin (PT), doxorubicin (DOX), mitomycin C (MMC) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were identified by colony formation assay and MMT method, respectively...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833080/mitomycin-c-treatment-induces-resistance-and-enhanced-migration-via-phosphorylated-akt-in-aggressive-lung-cancer-cells
#18
Cheng-Ying Shen, Li-Han Chen, Yu-Fen Lin, Liang-Chuan Lai, Eric Y Chuang, Mong-Hsun Tsai
Since 1984, mitomycin C (MMC) has been applied in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MMC-based chemotherapeutic regimens are still under consideration owing to the efficacy and low cost as compared with other second-line regimens in patients with advanced NSCLC. Hence, it is important to investigate whether MMC induces potential negative effects in NSCLC. Here, we found that the malignant lung cancer cells, CL1-2 and CL1-5, were more resistant to MMC than were the parental CL1-0 cells and pre-malignant CL1-1 cells...
November 9, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830980/mucous-membrane-grafting-augmented-with-topical-mitomycin-c-application-in-contracted-socket-repair-surgeries
#19
Sameh S Mandour, Hesham M Elmazar, Hatem M Marey, Ahmed K Abdel Rahman, Rokia A Sakr
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of intraoperative topical application of mitomycin C (MMC) for managing cases of recurrent socket contraction. METHODS: A prospective comparative randomized study was carried out on 40 patients suffering from contracted sockets. They were randomly enrolled into 2 groups. Group A included 20 patients who had a surgery to treat contracted socket without augmentation with MMC. Group B patients had an MMC-augmented repair for the contracted socket...
December 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830929/fetal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele-a-review-of-current-clinical-practice-and-translational-research
#20
Sandra K Kabagambe, Yue J Chen, Diana L Farmer
INTRODUCTION: The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) showed that prenatal repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) resulted in better neurological outcomes than postnatal closure but was, by necessity, associated with higher rates of obstetrical complications. Fetoscopic MMC repair has been explored as an alternative to reduce complications of the open approach used in MOMS. This review summarizes the trends in fetoscopic and open fetal repair of MMC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched PubMed and Embase® for studies on fetal repair of MMC published since the completion of the MOMS trial...
November 10, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
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