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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166505/anogenital-warts-in-pediatric-population
#1
Miguel Costa-Silva, Inês Fernandes, Acácio Gonçalves Rodrigues, Carmen Lisboa
The approach to children with anogenital warts in the context of sexual abuse is a challenge in clinical practice. This study aims to review the current knowledge of anogenital warts in children, the forms of transmission, and the association with sexual abuse and to propose a cross-sectional approach involving all medical specialties. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in Portuguese and English from January 2000 to June 2016 using the ISI Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases. Children aged 12 years or younger were included...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166394/maternity-care-for-trafficked-women-survivor-experiences-and-clinicians-perspectives-in-the-united-kingdom-s-national-health-service
#2
Debra Bick, Louise M Howard, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Although trafficked women and adolescents are at risk of unprotected or forced sex, there is little research on maternity care among trafficking survivors. We explored health care needs, service use and challenges among women who became pregnant while in the trafficking situation in the United Kingdom (UK) and clinicians' perspectives of maternity care for trafficked persons. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and qualitative interviews with trafficking survivors recruited from statutory and voluntary sector organisations in England and qualitative interviews with maternity clinicians and family doctors undertaken to offer further insight into experiences reported by these women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164013/physician-adherence-to-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-guidelines-in-an-ob-gyn-teaching-clinic-in-hawai-i
#3
Alyssa Dee P Carlson, Mary Tschann, Somsook Santibenchakul, Eric L Hurwitz, Jennifer Salcedo
Rates of chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (GC) have risen for the first time in the United States since 2006. Certain population groups are disproportionately affected by these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and professional societies have published screening guidelines for these STIs for women under the age of 25. We aimed to quantify physician adherence to GC/CT and HIV screening guidelines and to determine demographic factors associated with GC/CT and HIV screening recommendations among women 14-25 years old in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162827/intranasal-infection-and-contact-transmission-of-zika-virus-in-guinea-pigs
#4
Yong-Qiang Deng, Na-Na Zhang, Xiao-Feng Li, Ya-Qing Wang, Min Tian, Ye-Feng Qiu, Jun-Wan Fan, Jia-Nan Hao, Xing-Yao Huang, Hao-Long Dong, Hang Fan, Yu-Guang Wang, Fu-Chun Zhang, Yi-Gang Tong, Zhiheng Xu, Cheng-Feng Qin
Zika virus (ZIKV) is primarily transmitted to humans through mosquito bites or sexual contact. The excretion and persistence of contagious ZIKV in various body fluids have been well documented in ZIKV patients; however, the risk of direct contact exposure remains unclear. Here, we show that guinea pigs are susceptible to ZIKV infection via subcutaneous inoculation route; infected guinea pigs exhibit seroconversion and significant viral secretion in sera, saliva, and tears. Notably, ZIKV is efficiently transmitted from infected guinea pigs to naïve co-caged animals...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162530/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-contraceptive-use-among-adolescents-with-opioid-use-disorder
#5
Caitlin J Handy, Hannah L H Lange, Brittny E Manos, Elise D Berlan, Andrea E Bonny
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe contraceptive use among female adolescents initiating outpatient treatment for opioid use disorder. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatient clinic providing medication-assisted treatment for substance use disorders to adolescents and young adults. PARTICIPANTS: Non-pregnant female adolescents presenting for treatment from January 1, 2013 to January 31, 2016 (N=123). INTERVENTION: None...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161829/sex-biased-prevalence-in-infections-with-heterosexual-direct-and-vector-mediated-transmission-a-theoretical-analysis
#6
Andrea Pugliese, Abba B Gumel, Fabio A Milner, Jorge X Velasco-Hernandez
Three deterministic Kermack-McKendrick-type models for studying the transmission dynamics of an infection in a two-sex closed population are analyzed here. In each model it is assumed that infection can be transmitted through heterosexual contacts, and that there is a higher probability of transmission from one sex to the other than vice versa. The study is focused on understanding whether and how this bias in transmission reflects in sex differences in final attack ratios (i.e. the fraction of individuals of each sex that eventually gets infected)...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160514/influence-of-comorbidities-on-cd4-cd8-proportion-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-a-retrospective-study
#7
Keila Zaniboni Siqueira Batista, Bárbara Bogoni, Renata Cristina Müller, Camila Corrêa Penedo, da Silva Hercílio Higino
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to identify comorbidities related to HIV-positive patients in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive observational design study which analyzed data from 424 patients assisted by the sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) Specialized Care Service (SCS). RESULTS: Of 424 medical records analyzed, 388 patients presented CD4+/CD8+ ratios lower than 1...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160506/treatment-adherence-in-patients-living-with-hiv-aids-assisted-at-a-specialized-facility-in-brazil
#8
Simone Miyada, Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Renata Colturato Joaquim Gatto, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158038/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-and-related-health-information-on-pregnancy-resource-center-websites-a%C3%A2-statewide-content-analysis
#9
Andrea Swartzendruber, Anna Newton-Levinson, Ashley E Feuchs, Ashley L Phillips, Jennifer Hickey, Riley J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy resource centers (PRCs) are nonprofit organizations with a primary mission of promoting childbirth among pregnant women. Given a new state grant program to publicly fund PRCs, we analyzed Georgia PRC websites to describe advertised services and related health information. METHODS: We systematically identified all accessible Georgia PRC websites available from April to June 2016. Entire websites were obtained and coded using defined protocols...
November 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157958/u-s-pregnant-women-s-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-behavioral-strategies-and-vaccines-to-prevent-zika-acquisition
#10
Lauren Dapena Fraiz, Ariel de Roche, Christine Mauro, Marina Catallozzi, Gregory D Zimet, Gilla K Shapiro, Susan L Rosenthal
INTRODUCTION: Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause significant infant morbidity. Little is known about pregnant women's attitudes regarding behavioral strategies and hypothetical vaccination to prevent Zika infections and sequelae. METHODS: Pregnant women across the United States (N = 362) completed an online questionnaire regarding attitudes about Zika, including six behavioral prevention strategies (i.e., abstaining from sex, using condoms, not traveling to an area with Zika, their partner not traveling into an area with Zika, using mosquito repellant, wearing long pants and sleeves) and vaccination...
November 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157170/attitudes-to-and-experience-of-pooled-sampling-for-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-a-web-based-survey-of-english-sexual-health-services
#11
Jonathan Shaw, John Michael Saunders, Gwenda Hughes
Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae testing guidance recommends extragenital screening with locally validated nucleic acid amplification tests, with anatomical sites tested separately. Evidence supports multi-patient combined aliquot pooled sampling (PS) for population screening; evidence for within-patient PS is sparse. Within-patient PS could be more cost-effective for triple-site testing, but requires distinct clinical pathways and consideration over loss of information to guide risk assessments and treatment...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155732/fabrication-and-characterization-of-griffithsin-modified-fiber-scaffolds-for-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#12
Hung R Vuong, Kevin M Tyo, Jill M Steinbach-Rankins
Electrospun fibers (EFs) have been widely used in a variety of therapeutic applications; however, they have only recently been applied as a technology to prevent and treat sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Moreover, many EF technologies focus on encapsulating the active agent, relative to utilizing the surface to impart biofunctionality. Here we describe a method to fabricate and surface-modify poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) electrospun fibers, with the potent antiviral lectin Griffithsin (GRFT)...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154519/current-treatments-for-anal-condylomata-acuminata
#13
Massimiliano Mistrangelo, Ivano Dal Conte, Silvio Volpatto, Giulio DI Benedetto, Valentina Testa, Francesca Currado, Mario Morino
INTRODUCTION: Condylomata acuminate are the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. They are usually a serious problem, but it causes emotional distress to patient and physician alike because of its marked tendency to recurrence. The presence of anogenital warts mandates treatment, also for potential degeneration of the lesions. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the Literature has been performed to analyze proposed treatments for anogenital warts. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Many treatments have been employed...
November 20, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150724/presence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-mycoplasma-spp-but-not-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-treponema-pallidum-in-women-undergoing-an-infertility-evaluation-high-prevalence-of-tetracycline-resistance-gene-tet-m
#14
Min Li, Xiaomei Zhang, Ke Huang, Haixiang Qiu, Jilei Zhang, Yuan Kang, Chengming Wang
Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma spp., Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Treponema pallidum are sexually transmitted pathogens that threaten reproductive health worldwide. In this study, vaginal swabs obtained from women (n = 133) that attended an infertility clinic in China were tested with qPCRs for C. trachomatis, Mycoplasma spp., N. gonorrhoeae, T. pallidum and tetracycline resistance genes. While none of vaginal swabs were positive for N. gonorrhoeae and T. pallidum, 18.8% (25/133) of the swabs were positive for Chlamydia spp...
November 17, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149878/assessing-the-delivery-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-sexual-health-clinics-in-the-north-east-of-england
#15
C Sullivan, N Martin, C White, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Risky drinking is associated with risky sexual experiences, however the relationship between alcohol and sex is complex. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of delivering alcohol screening and brief interventions in genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics. The objectives were to; understand the levels of alcohol use amongst patients; report on the number of alcohol interventions delivered; and to analyse the relationship between alcohol use with demographic data as well as diagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to see if there were any associations...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148839/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-men-who-go-to-gay-sex-parties-in-new-york-city-comparisons-between-three-hiv-groups
#16
Étienne Meunier, Karolynn Siegel
Men who have sex with men (MSM) who attend group-sex events often engage in risky sexual behaviors that contribute to the high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among this population. We conducted an online survey with 211 New York City MSM who attended sex parties in the prior year and asked them to describe their behaviors and perceptions of risk. We compared responses from HIV-positive-undetectable men (n = 36), HIV-negative men on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP; n = 62), and HIV-negative men never on PrEP (n = 113)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#17
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142126/hpv-replication-regulation-by-acetylation-of-a-conserved-lysine-in-the-e2-protein
#18
Yanique Thomas, Elliot J Androphy
The Papillomavirus (PV) E2 protein is a sequence specific DNA binding protein that recruits cellular factors to its genome in infected epithelial cells. E2 also binds to and loads the viral E1 DNA helicase at the origin of replication. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of PV E2 have been identified as potential regulators E2 functions. We recently reported lysine (K) 111 as a target of p300 acetylation in bovine (B)PV. The di-lysines at 111 and 112 are conserved in almost all papillomaviruses. We pursued a mutational approach to query the functional significance of lysine in human (H)PV E2...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141635/repeat-testing-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-safe-approach-to-unsafe-sex-a-qualitative-exploration-among-youth-in-stockholm
#19
Anna Nielsen, Ayesha De Costa, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Mariano Salazar
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis testing is offered to youth in Sweden, through a network of Youth Health Clinics, free at the point of care, in an attempt to bring down the prevalence and incidence of the infection. Nevertheless, infections rates have continued to rise during the past two decades and re-testing rates among youth for Chlamydia trachomatis has been reported to be high in Stockholm County. A few literature reports suggest that testing for sexually transmitted infections and the test result itself can have an undesirable impact on the sexual behaviour for the individual, i...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141014/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-anal-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-urumqi-city-of-xinjiang-uyghur-autonomous-region-china
#20
Tian Tian, Peierdun Mijiti, Huang Bingxue, Zhang Fadong, Abidan Ainiwaer, Sang Guoyao, Zhang Zhanlin, Yeledan Mahan, Tuo Xiaoqin, Gong Zheng, Dai Jianghong
BACKGROUND: Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). Study on prevalence and risk factors of anal HPV infection among HIV-negative MSM in Northwestern China was rare. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of HPV prevalence using anal swab specimens among HIV-negative MSM in Urumqi city of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China between April 1st and October 30th in 2016...
2017: PloS One
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