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S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Hervé Lefèvre, Cécile Schrimpf, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical issues of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to develop explanatory hypotheses for the low level of vaccination among adolescent girls in France where the full course coverage is low (<15%). DESIGN: We used semistructured interviews. Our qualitative and phenomenological procedure applied interpretative phenomenological analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 16 physicians regularly faced with the prescription of HPV vaccine, represented several medical specialties (paediatrics, general practice, internal medicine, gynaecology), with hospitalist or private practices...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Lora L Johnson, Stephen S O'Connor, Barbara Kaminer, Peter M Gutierrez, Erin Carney, Brittany Groh, David A Jobes
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated the impact of adding the Suicide Status Form (SSF) to a suicide-focused group therapy for veterans recently discharged from an inpatient psychiatry setting. METHODS: A sample of 141 veterans was enrolled and randomized into a Usual Assessment Group Therapy or SSF-Assessment Group Therapy. Participants completed interviews at baseline, 1, and 3 months. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between groups regarding group attendance (IRR = 1...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Katharine Gammon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Nature
Tatiana Glebova, Sharon L Foster, Phillippe B Cunningham, Patricia A Brennan, Elizabeth A Whitmore
This longitudinal study examined whether strength of and balance in self-reported caregiver, youth, and therapist emotional bonds in mid- and late treatment predicted outcomes in Multisystemic Therapy of adolescent behavior problems in a sample of 164 caregiver-youth dyads. Strength of and balance in bonds related to outcome in different ways, depending on the source of the report and time. Results showed a limited association between family members' emotional connection with the therapist and treatment outcome, whereas therapists' perceptions of bond with the caregiver showed highly significant associations across time...
December 8, 2017: Family Process
M J Welmers-van de Poll, J J Roest, T van der Stouwe, A L van den Akker, G J J M Stams, V Escudero, G J Overbeek, J J W de Swart
Alliance has been shown to predict treatment outcome in family-involved treatment for youth problems in several studies. However, meta-analytic research on alliance in family-involved treatment is scarce, and to date, no meta-analytic study on the alliance-outcome association in this field has paid attention to moderating variables. We included 28 studies reporting on the alliance-outcome association in 21 independent study samples of families receiving family-involved treatment for youth problems (N = 2126 families, M age youth ranging from 10...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Crispin Day, Jackie Briskman, Mike J Crawford, Lucy Harris, Paul McCrone, Mary McMurran, Paul Moran, Lou Morgan, Stephen Scott, Daniel Stahl, Paul Ramchandani, Timothy Weaver
The Helping Families Programme is a psychoeducational parenting intervention that aims to improve outcomes and engagement for parents affected by clinically significant personality difficulties. This is achieved by working collaboratively with parents to explore ways in which their emotional and relational difficulties impact on parenting and child functioning, and to identify meaningful and realistic goals for change. The intervention is delivered via one-to-one sessions at weekly intervals over a period of 16 weeks...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham, Laura Betancur, Aiyana Bobrownicki, Steven G Cresawn, Rebecca A Garlena, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Nancy Kaufmann, Welkin H Pope, Daniel A Russell, William R Jacobs, Viknesh Sivanathan, David J Asai, Graham F Hatfull
Engaging undergraduate students in scientific research promises substantial benefits, but it is not accessible to all students and is rarely implemented early in college education, when it will have the greatest impact. An inclusive Research Education Community (iREC) provides a centralized scientific and administrative infrastructure enabling engagement of large numbers of students at different types of institutions. The Science Education Alliance-Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) is an iREC that promotes engagement and continued involvement in science among beginning undergraduate students...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Erica Di Ruggiero, Natalie Kishchuk, Sarah Viehbeck, Nancy Edwards, Kerry Robinson, Barbara Riley, Heather Smith Fowler
BACKGROUND: The Population Health Intervention Research Initiative for Canada (PHIRIC) is a multi-stakeholder alliance founded in 2006 to advance population health intervention research (PHIR). PHIRIC aimed to strengthen Canada's capacity to conduct and use such research to inform policy and practice to improve the public's health by building PHIR as a field of research. In 2014, an evaluative study of PHIRIC at organisational and system levels was conducted, guided by a field-building and collaborative action perspective...
December 6, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
Alice Munro, Julaine Allan, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen
BACKGROUND: The need for effective, culturally safe residential rehabilitation services for Aboriginal people is widely acknowledged, however the combination of treatment components that is optimally effective, is not well defined. Most existing Aboriginal residential rehabilitation research has focused on describing client characteristics, and largely ignored the impact of treatment and service factors, such as the nature and quality of therapeutic components and relationships with staff...
December 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Fiona Sheppard, Gemma Stacey, Aimee Aubeeluck
This paper will report on an evaluation of group clinical supervision (CS) facilitated for graduate entry nursing (GEN) students whilst on clinical placement. The literature suggests educational forums which enable GEN students to engage in critical dialogue, promote reflective practice and ongoing support are an essential element of GEN curricula. The model of supervision employed was informed by Proctor's three function interactive CS model and Inskipp and Proctor's Supervision Alliance. Both emphasise the normative, formative and restorative functions of CS as task areas within an overarching humanistic supervisory approach...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
N Amit, N Ibrahim, R Aga Mohd Jaladin, N Che Din
INTRODUCTION: This research examined the predicting roles of reasons for living and social support on depression, anxiety and stress in Malaysia. METHOD: This research was carried out on a sample of 263 participants (age range 12-24 years old), from Klang Valley, Selangor. The survey package comprises demographic information, a measure of reasons for living, social support, depression, anxiety and stress. To analyse the data, correlation analysis and a series of linear multiple regression analysis were carried out...
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Ronald J Hunt, Diptee Ojha
Concerns about health care quality have affected much of the health care delivery system including dentistry and dental education. Believing measurement is the key element in improving quality, the Dental Quality Alliance brought together major stakeholders in oral health care to lead the development of oral health performance measures that can be used to evaluate the performance of dental programs and practices. These measures complement the quality assurance measures dental schools use to ensure compliance with accreditation standards on patient care delivery...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Chris McCarthy, Penny Ford Carleton, Elizabeth Krumpholz, Marilyn P Chow
Coopetition, the simultaneous pursuit of cooperation and competition, is a growing force in the innovation landscape. For some organizations, the primary mode of innovation continues to be deeply secretive and highly competitive, but for others, a new style of shared challenges, shared purpose, and shared development has become a superior, more efficient way of working to accelerate innovation capabilities and capacity. Over the last 2 decades, the literature base devoted to coopetition has gradually expanded...
January 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Jeanette Varpen Unhjem, Solfrid Vatne, Marit Helene Hem
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe what and why nurses self-disclose to patients in mental health care. BACKGROUND: Self-disclosure is common, but controversial and difficult to delineate. Extant research suggests that self-disclosure might have several potentially beneficial effects on therapeutic alliance and treatment outcome for patients in mental health care, but results are often mixed and limited by definitional inconsistencies. METHOD: Qualitative descriptive study including data from 16 nurses taking part in participant observation, individual interviews and focus group interviews...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
C G Schoemaker, A B J Prakken, E F Furth
The British James Lind Alliance (JLA) has developed a method to allow practitioners, patients and family members together to develop a research agenda for a disease or a form of treatment. In a 'priority setting partnership', they gradually establish a top-10 list of the most important unanswered research questions. Input from patients and their relatives is given the same weight when determining priorities as that from practitioners. More than 50 of these top-10 lists have been created so far, one of which was created in the Netherlands...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Andrew M Thompson, Andrew J Marshall, Louis Maes, Nigel Yarlett, Cyrus J Bacchi, Eric Gaukel, Stephen A Wring, Delphine Launay, Stephanie Braillard, Eric Chatelain, Charles E Mowbray, William A Denny
A 900 compound nitroimidazole-based library derived from our pretomanid backup program with TB Alliance was screened for utility against human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) by the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative. Potent hits included 2-nitro-6,7-dihydro-5H-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]thiazine 8-oxides, which surprisingly displayed good metabolic stability and excellent cell permeability. Following comprehensive mouse pharmacokinetic assessments on four hits and determination of the most active chiral form, a thiazine oxide counterpart of pretomanid (24) was identified as the best lead...
October 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Mauricio Goihman-Yahr
Alliances are necessary for the development of individuals, institutions, and civilizations. Optimally, alliances provide benefits to their components; nevertheless, gains are not always symmetrical. Some alliances may prove detrimental or even lethal to some or all of the allies. I analyze some types of covenants using examples of history to provide a framework for drawing salient features of the alliance between the legal and the medical professions. This joint effort should be inherently beneficial to both; yet, particularly in the United States, the equilibrium is skewed against the medical profession...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Theresa L Armstead, Megan Kearns, Kirsten Rambo, Lianne Fuino Estefan, Jenny Dills, Moira S Rivera, Rasha El-Beshti
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States (DELTA FOCUS) program is a 5-year cooperative agreement (2013-2018) funding 10 state domestic violence coalitions and local coordinated community response teams to engage in primary prevention of intimate partner violence. Grantees' prevention strategies were often developmental and emergent; therefore, CDC's approach to program oversight, administration, and support to grantees required a flexible approach...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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