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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918870/-there-is-nothing-like-a-family-discourses-on-families-of-choice-in-poland
#1
Joanna Mizielińska, Agata Stasińska
In this paper we showed how the notion of heteronormative citizenship embedded in the Polish Constitution was (re)produced in the public sphere, and how heteronormativity as an ideal was slowly undermined by the emergence of new narratives on LGBT families. We did so by first conducting a critical reading of the Polish Constitution, public opinion polls, national censuses, etc. Then, we presented the results of a discourse analysis on families of choice in Poland from crucial public debates of the last decade...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917466/international-conference-on-cerebral-palsy-and-other-childhood-onset-disabilities-joint-meeting-of-28th-annual-meeting-of-the-european-academy-of-childhood-disability-eacd-5th-international-conference-of-cerebral-palsy-icpc-and-1st-meeting-of-the-international
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#3
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908594/rucaparib-in-relapsed-platinum-sensitive-high-grade-ovarian-carcinoma-ariel2-part-1-an-international-multicentre-open-label-phase-2-trial
#4
Elizabeth M Swisher, Kevin K Lin, Amit M Oza, Clare L Scott, Heidi Giordano, James Sun, Gottfried E Konecny, Robert L Coleman, Anna V Tinker, David M O'Malley, Rebecca S Kristeleit, Ling Ma, Katherine M Bell-McGuinn, James D Brenton, Janiel M Cragun, Ana Oaknin, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Maria I Harrell, Elaina Mann, Scott H Kaufmann, Anne Floquet, Alexandra Leary, Thomas C Harding, Sandra Goble, Lara Maloney, Jeff Isaacson, Andrew R Allen, Lindsey Rolfe, Roman Yelensky, Mitch Raponi, Iain A McNeish
BACKGROUND: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have activity in ovarian carcinomas with homologous recombination deficiency. Along with BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) mutations genomic loss of heterozygosity (LOH) might also represent homologous recombination deficiency. In ARIEL2, we assessed the ability of tumour genomic LOH, quantified with a next-generation sequencing assay, to predict response to rucaparib, an oral PARP inhibitor. METHODS: ARIEL2 is an international, multicentre, two-part, phase 2, open-label study done at 49 hospitals and cancer centres in Australia, Canada, France, Spain, the UK, and the USA...
November 28, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908157/volumetry-of-low-contrast-liver-lesions-with-ct-investigation-of-estimation-uncertainties-in-a-phantom-study
#5
Qin Li, Yongguang Liang, Qiao Huang, Min Zong, Benjamin Berman, Marios A Gavrielides, Lawrence H Schwartz, Binsheng Zhao, Nicholas Petrick
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of lesion volumetry in hepatic CT as a function of various imaging acquisition parameters. METHODS: An anthropomorphic abdominal phantom with removable liver inserts was designed for this study. Two liver inserts, each containing 19 synthetic lesions with varying diameter (6-40 mm), shape, contrast (10-65 HU), and both homogenous and mixed-density were designed to have background and lesion CT values corresponding to arterial and portal-venous phase imaging, respectively...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904992/the-relationship-between-race-patient-activation-and-working-alliance-implications-for-patient-engagement-in-mental-health-care
#6
Johanne Eliacin, Jessica M Coffing, Marianne S Matthias, Diana J Burgess, Matthew J Bair, Angela L Rollins
This study explored the relationship between race and two key aspects of patient engagement-patient activation and working alliance-among a sample of African-American and White veterans (N = 152) seeking medication management for mental health conditions. After adjusting for demographics, race was significantly associated with patient activation, working alliance, and medication adherence scores. Patient activation was also associated with working alliance. These results provide support for the consideration of race and ethnicity in facilitating patient engagement and patient activation in mental healthcare...
December 1, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#7
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899654/jpostrepo-an-international-standard-data-repository-for-proteomes
#8
Shujiro Okuda, Yu Watanabe, Yuki Moriya, Shin Kawano, Tadashi Yamamoto, Masaki Matsumoto, Tomoyo Takami, Daiki Kobayashi, Norie Araki, Akiyasu C Yoshizawa, Tsuyoshi Tabata, Naoyuki Sugiyama, Susumu Goto, Yasushi Ishihama
Major advancements have recently been made in mass spectrometry-based proteomics, yielding an increasing number of datasets from various proteomics projects worldwide. In order to facilitate the sharing and reuse of promising datasets, it is important to construct appropriate, high-quality public data repositories. jPOSTrepo (https://repository.jpostdb.org/) has successfully implemented several unique features, including high-speed file uploading, flexible file management and easy-to-use interfaces. This repository has been launched as a public repository containing various proteomic datasets and is available for researchers worldwide...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898280/what-defense-mechanisms-do-therapists-interpret-in-session
#9
Maneet Bhatia, Jonathan Petraglia, Yves de Roten, Elisabeth Banon, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Martin Drapeau
One of the key technical guidelines outlined by psychodynamic theorists and clinicians is for therapists to interpret a patient's most prominent defenses (Greenson, 1967; Langs, 1973). However, a debate exists about what constitutes a patient's most prominent defense and which defenses therapists actually choose to interpret in-session. This study aimed to shed light on this debate by examining 35 psychotherapy sessions (18 high alliance and 17 low alliance dyads) of individuals in therapy at a university counselling center...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895895/allergy-immunotherapy-across-the-life-cycle-to-promote-active-and-healthy-ageing-from-research-to-policies-an-airways-integrated-care-pathways-icps-programme-item-action-plan-b3-of-the-european-innovation-partnership-on-active-and-healthy-ageing-and-the-global
#10
REVIEW
M A Calderon, P Demoly, T Casale, C A Akdis, C Bachert, M Bewick, B M Bilò, B Bohle, S Bonini, A Bush, D P Caimmi, G W Canonica, V Cardona, A M Chiriac, L Cox, A Custovic, F De Blay, P Devillier, A Didier, G Di Lorenzo, G Du Toit, S R Durham, P Eng, A Fiocchi, A T Fox, R Gerth van Wijk, R M Gomez, T Haathela, S Halken, P W Hellings, L Jacobsen, J Just, L K Tanno, J Kleine-Tebbe, L Klimek, E F Knol, P Kuna, D E Larenas-Linnemann, A Linneberg, M Matricardi, H J Malling, R Moesges, J Mullol, A Muraro, N Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, E Pastorello, O Pfaar, D Price, P Rodriguez Del Rio, R Ruëff, B Samolinski, G K Scadding, G Senti, M H Shamji, A Sheikh, J C Sisul, D Sole, G J Sturm, A Tabar, R Van Ree, M T Ventura, C Vidal, E M Varga, M Worm, T Zuberbier, J Bousquet
Allergic diseases often occur early in life and persist throughout life. This life-course perspective should be considered in allergen immunotherapy. In particular it is essential to understand whether this al treatment may be used in old age adults. The current paper was developed by a working group of AIRWAYS integrated care pathways for airways diseases, the model of chronic respiratory diseases of the European Innovation Partnership on active and healthy ageing (DG CONNECT and DG Santé). It considered (1) the political background, (2) the rationale for allergen immunotherapy across the life cycle, (3) the unmet needs for the treatment, in particular in preschool children and old age adults, (4) the strategic framework and the practical approach to synergize current initiatives in allergen immunotherapy, its mechanisms and the concept of active and healthy ageing...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894948/don-t-be-rejected-how-can-we-help-authors-reviewers-and-editors-report-of-a-symposium-for-editors-publishers-and-others-with-an-interest-in-scientific-publication-held-in-boston-on-wednesday-11-march-2015-during-the-annual-meeting-of-the-international-association
#11
K A Eaton, N Innes, S M Balaji, C Pugh, E Honkala, C D Lynch
This satellite symposium was the fifth in a series for editors, publishers, reviewers and all those with an interest in scientific publishing. It was held on Wednesday, 11 March 2015 at the IADR meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. The symposium attracted more than 210 attendees. The symposium placed an emphasis on strategies to ensure that papers are accepted by peer reviewed journals. The speaker, representing the Journal of Dental Research gave a history of peer review and explained how to access material to advise new authors...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893529/the-role-of-theory-specific-techniques-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-promoting-positive-outcomes-integrative-psychotherapy-for-world-trade-center-responders
#12
Peter Tejas Haugen, Aditi Sinha Werth, Alyce Lauren Foster, Jesse Owen
World Trade Center responders demonstrate high symptom burden, underscoring the importance of refining treatment approaches for this cohort. One method is examining the impact of therapy techniques on outcomes, and the interactions between technique and alliance on outcomes. This study a) examined the interaction of early treatment techniques on integrative psychotherapy outcomes and b) explored whether associations differed at varying levels of alliance. Twenty-nine adult responders diagnosed with partial or full posttraumatic stress disorder received outpatient psychotherapy and completed weekly measures of alliance, technique, and symptom distress...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892642/new-approaches-to-non-surgical-sterilization-for-dogs-and-cats-opportunities-and-challenges
#13
Linda Rhodes
Over the last 40 years, researchers have explored methods to non-surgically suppress fertility in animals. Immunocontraception has been used to control wildlife populations but does not confer long-term immunity. The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist deslorelin, formulated as an implant to provide 6-month to 1-year suppression of fertility in male dogs, is available commercially in some countries. Neither of these approaches provide permanent sterility. A single-dose, permanent treatment would be a valuable tool in dog and cat population control...
November 28, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888516/beyond-the-two-group-paradigm-in-studies-of-intergroup-conflict-and-inequality-third-parties-and-intergroup-alliances-in-xenophobic-violence-in-south-africa
#14
Philippa Kerr, Kevin Durrheim, John Dixon
Social psychologists typically conceptualize intergroup processes in terms of unequal pairs of social categories, such as an advantaged majority (e.g., 'Whites') and a disadvantaged minority (e.g., 'Blacks'). We argue that this two-group paradigm may obscure the workings of intergroup power by overlooking: (1) the unique dynamics of intergroup relations involving three or more groups, and (2) the way some two-group relationships function as strategic alliances that derive meaning from their location within a wider relational context...
November 26, 2016: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887578/evaluation-of-an-international-educational-programme-for-health-care-professionals-on-best-practice-in-the-management-of-a-perinatal-death-improving-perinatal-mortality-review-and-outcomes-via-education-improve
#15
Paul A Gardiner, Alison L Kent, Viviana Rodriguez, Aleena M Wojcieszek, David Ellwood, Adrienne Gordon, Patricia A Wilson, Diana M Bond, Adrian Charles, Susan Arbuckle, Glenn J Gardener, Jeremy J Oats, Jan Jaap Erwich, Fleurisca J Korteweg, T H Nguyen Duc, Susannah Hopkins Leisher, Kamal Kishore, Robert M Silver, Alexander E Heazell, Claire Storey, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirths and neonatal deaths are devastating events for both parents and clinicians and are global public health concerns. Careful clinical management after these deaths is required, including appropriate investigation and assessment to determine cause (s) to prevent future losses, and to improve bereavement care for families. An educational programme for health care professionals working in maternal and child health has been designed to address these needs according to the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Guideline for Perinatal Mortality: IMproving Perinatal mortality Review and Outcomes Via Education (IMPROVE)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886793/innovative-approaches-to-hypertension-control-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Rajesh Vedanthan, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Omarys I Herasme, Rohina Joshi, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Amanda G Thrift, Jacqui Webster, Ruth Webster, Karen Yeates, Joyce Gyamfi, Merina Ieremia, Claire Johnson, Jemima H Kamano, Maria Lazo-Porras, Felix Limbani, Peter Liu, Tara McCready, J Jaime Miranda, Sailesh Mohan, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Brian Oldenburg, Bruce Ovbiagele, Mayowa Owolabi, David Peiris, Vilarmina Ponce-Lucero, Devarsetty Praveen, Arti Pillay, Jon-David Schwalm, Sheldon W Tobe, Kathy Trieu, Khalid Yusoff, Valentin Fuster
Elevated blood pressure, a major risk factor for ischemic heart disease, heart failure, and stroke, is the leading global risk for mortality. Treatment and control rates are very low in low- and middle-income countries. There is an urgent need to address this problem. The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases sponsored research projects focus on controlling hypertension, including community engagement, salt reduction, salt substitution, task redistribution, mHealth, and fixed-dose combination therapies. This paper reviews the rationale for each approach and summarizes the experience of some of the research teams...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885746/group-therapy-processes-and-treatment-outcomes-in-two-couple-focused-group-interventions-for-breast-cancer-patients
#17
Sharon L Manne, Deborah Kashy, Scott D Siegel, Carolyn J Heckman
OBJECTIVE: There has been little attention paid to the role of therapeutic processes in group therapy outcomes for cancer patients participating in group. The goal was to evaluate the contribution of three group processes - group climate (conflict, engagement, avoidance) working alliance, and therapeutic realizations - to the outcomes of two couple-focused approaches to group treatment. METHODS: Three hundred and two women with early stage breast cancer and their partners were randomized to one of two conditions: an eight-session enhanced couple-focused group intervention (ECG) or a couples' support group (SG) participated...
November 24, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882378/eastern-health-alliance-scientific-meeting-2016-transitions-of-care-singapore-10-12-november-2016-proceedings-and-abstracts
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881894/competition-related-factors-directly-influence-preferences-for-facial-cues-of-dominance-in-allies
#19
Christopher D Watkins, Benedict C Jones
ABSTRACT: Alliance formation is a critical dimension of social intelligence in political, social and biological systems. As some allies may provide greater "leverage" than others during social conflict, the cognitive architecture that supports alliance formation in humans may be shaped by recent experience, for example in light of the outcomes of violent or non-violent forms intrasexual competition. Here we used experimental priming techniques to explore this issue. Consistent with our predictions, while men's preferences for dominant allies strengthened following losses (compared to victories) in violent intrasexual contests, women's preferences for dominant allies weakened following losses (compared to victories) in violent intrasexual contests...
2016: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881709/relationship-between-metformin-use-and-recurrence-and-survival-in-patients-with-resected-stage-iii-colon-cancer-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy-results-from-north-central-cancer-treatment-group-n0147-alliance
#20
Preet Paul Singh, Qian Shi, Nathan R Foster, Axel Grothey, Suresh G Nair, Emily Chan, Anthony F Shields, Richard M Goldberg, Sharlene Gill, Morton S Kahlenberg, Frank A Sinicrope, Daniel J Sargent, Steven R Alberts
BACKGROUND: Preclinical and epidemiological data suggest that metformin might have antineoplastic properties against colon cancer (CC). However, the effect of metformin use on patient survival in stage III CC after curative resection is unknown. The survival outcomes were comparable regardless of the duration of metformin use. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Before randomization to FOLFOX (folinic acid, 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin) with or without cetuximab, 1,958 patients with stage III CC enrolled in the N0147 study completed a questionnaire with information on diabetes mellitus (DM) and metformin use...
November 23, 2016: Oncologist
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