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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691676/-requirements-for-a-cross-location-biobank-it-infrastructure-survey-of-stakeholder-input-on-the-establishment-of-a-biobank-network-of-the-german-biobank-alliance-gba
#1
REVIEW
C Schüttler, N Buschhüter, C Döllinger, L Ebert, M Hummel, J Linde, H-U Prokosch, R Proynova, M Lablans
BACKGROUND: The large number of biobanks within Germany results in a high degree of heterogeneity with regard to the IT components used at the respective locations. Within the German Biobank Alliance (GBA), 13 biobanks implement harmonized processes for the provision of biomaterial and accompanying data. OBJECTIVES: The networking of the individual biobanks and the associated harmonisation of the IT infrastructure should facilitate access to biomaterial and related clinical data...
April 24, 2018: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687524/randomized-clinical-trial-pilot-study-of-prolonged-exposure-versus-present-centred-affect-regulation-therapy-for-ptsd-and-anger-problems-with-male-military-combat-veterans
#2
Julian D Ford, Damion J Grasso, Carolyn A Greene, Michelle Slivinsky, Jason C DeViva
A randomized controlled trial pilot study (www.ClinicalTrials.org; NCT01228539) with N = 31 U.S. male military recent combat veterans with PTSD and severe anger problems was conducted comparing 10-session individual therapy versions of Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy (TARGET) versus prolonged exposure (PE). TARGET had fewer drop-outs than PE (i.e., 29% vs. 64%). At post-test, improvements were found for both interventions in increased emotion regulation and hope, and reduced PTSD symptoms, hostility, experiential avoidance, and mental health problems...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687306/psychiatric-resident-participation-in-an-asylum-clinic-a-single-institutional-experience
#3
Nikhil A Patel, Nina Sreshta, Amber Frank, Robert P Marlin, J Wesley Boyd
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the experiences of adult psychiatry residents working in an established faculty-led asylum clinic within a community-based, academic residency program at the Cambridge Health Alliance. METHODS: Eighteen psychiatry residents who participated in the asylum clinic were sent electronic surveys asking about their background and experience. Respondents' responses were collected anonymously. RESULTS: Sixteen out of 18 (89%) trainees responded...
April 23, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686500/-afropectinariella-vandeae-orchidaceae-a-new-genus-of-the-angraecum-alliance
#4
Murielle Simo-Droissart, Bonaventure Sonké, Vincent Droissart, Tariq Stévart
A recent phylogenetic study showed that species assigned to the newly recognised genus Pectinariella Szlach., Mytnik & Grochocka (previously treated as Angraecum Bory sect. Pectinaria Benth.) are polyphyletic, comprising a clade with species primarily in Madagascar and the Western Indian Ocean islands (including the type) and another non-sister clade whose members occur in continental Africa and the Gulf of Guinea islands. In order to render Pectinariella monophyletic, the five continental African species must therefore be removed...
2018: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685124/the-german-version-of-the-helping-alliance-questionnaire-psychometric-properties-in-patients-with-persistent-depressive-disorder
#5
Hannah Sophie Eich, Levente Kriston, Elisabeth Schramm, Josef Bailer
BACKGROUND: The Helping Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ) is a frequently used and highly relevant instrument to assess the therapeutic alliance. The questionnaire was translated into German by Bassler and colleagues (1995) and is available for patients (HAQ-P) and therapists (HAQ-T). Whereas the HAQ-P has been tested regarding psychometrics, the HAQ-T has not. This study aimed at further investigating the psychometric properties of both the HAQ-P and HAQ-T. We hypothesized that the instrument is reliable and shows factorial as well as convergent validity...
April 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683700/the-importance-of-therapeutic-processes-in-school-based-psychosocial-treatment-of-homework-problems-in-adolescents-with-adhd
#6
Rosanna P Breaux, Joshua M Langberg, Bryce D McLeod, Stephen J Molitor, Zoe R Smith, Elizaveta Bourchtein, Cathrin D Green
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of therapeutic processes in two brief school-based psychosocial treatments targeting homework problems in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as delivered by school mental health professionals. METHOD: A sample of 222 middle school students (72% male; Mage = 12.00 years, SD = 1.02) diagnosed with ADHD was randomized to receive either a contingency-management or a skills-based treatment for homework problems...
May 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681323/the-role-of-social-and-interpersonal-factors-in-placebo-analgesia
#7
Elizabeth A Necka, Lauren Y Atlas
Placebo effects are beneficial clinical outcomes that emerge as a result of nonspecific contextual factors, transmitted primarily by the treating physician and the social, physical, and behavioral cues he or she displays. The patient-provider therapeutic alliance is critical for determining placebo effects and health outcomes. In this chapter, we review the recent literature, suggesting that provider social characteristics modulate placebo and clinical outcomes. We highlight the importance of studying not only the provider but also the patient's perception of the provider, which is subject to the influence of the patient's psychosocial orientation, such as their psychosocial motivations and perceptions of their interpersonal relationships broadly...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680111/boulder-food-rescue-an-innovative-approach-to-reducing-food-waste-and-increasing-food-security
#8
Craig A Sewald, Elena S Kuo, Hana Dansky
Food waste and food insecurity are both significant issues in communities throughout the U.S., including Boulder, Colorado. As much as 40% of the food produced in the U.S. goes uneaten and ends up in landfills. Nearly 13% of people in the Boulder region experience some level of food insecurity. Founded in 2011, Boulder Food Rescue supports community members to create their own food security through a participatory approach to an emergency food system. The organization uses a web-application "robot" to manage a schedule of volunteers...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678050/evaluation-of-the-technology-acceptance-of-a-collaborative-documentation-system-for-addiction-therapists-and-clients
#9
Anja Perlich, Christoph Meinel, Daniel Zeis
Addiction treatment outcomes are strongly determined by relational factors. We present the interactive documentation system Tele-Board MED (TBM) developed as an adjunct to therapy sessions aimed at enhancing the therapeutic alliance and patient empowerment. The objective of this work is to find factors that predict the acceptance of TBM in face-to-face addiction treatment sessions. We combined the methodologies of survey and focus group and based the data collection and analysis on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674979/emotional-responses-to-suicidal-patients-factor-structure-construct-and-predictive-validity-of-the-therapist-response-questionnaire-suicide-form
#10
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Bernard Gorman, Rachel Altman, Adriana Foster, Alan Apter, Paul Rosenfield, Igor Galynker
Background: Mental health professionals have a pivotal role in suicide prevention. However, they also often have intense emotional responses, or countertransference, during encounters with suicidal patients. Previous studies of the Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form (TRQ-SF), a brief novel measure aimed at probing a distinct set of suicide-related emotional responses to patients found it to be predictive of near-term suicidal behavior among high suicide-risk inpatients. The purpose of this study was to validate the TRQ-SF in a general outpatient clinic setting...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674441/promoting-accrual-of-older-patients-with-cancer-to-clinical-trials-an-alliance-for-clinical-trials-in-oncology-member-survey-a171602
#11
Rachel A Freedman, Travis J Dockter, Jacqueline M Lafky, Arti Hurria, Hyman J Muss, Harvey J Cohen, Aminah Jatoi, M Margaret Kemeny, Kathryn J Ruddy
BACKGROUND: There are multiple known individual- and practice-level barriers to enrollment of older patients with cancer to clinical trials, but little is known about how the clinical research workforce feels about potential higher-level strategy changes aimed to promote increased enrollment of older patients. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: We invited all 11,351 Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology ("Alliance") members to participate in an anonymous, web-based survey to examine awareness of current accrual patterns for older patients to clinical trials, to ascertain consensus on how to tackle enrollment challenges, and to provide the impetus for high-level changes to improve clinical trial accrual of older patients with cancer...
April 19, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674307/assessing-therapeutic-alliance-in-the-context-of-mhealth-interventions-for-mental-health-problems-development-of-the-mobile-agnew-relationship-measure-marm-questionnaire
#12
Katherine Berry, Amy Salter, Rohan Morris, Susannah James, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions in the form of smartphone apps aim to improve mental health and enable people access to support as and when needed without having to face the stigma they may experience in accessing services. If we are to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) apps and advance scientific understanding, we also need tools to help us understand in what ways mHealth interventions are effective or not. The concept of therapeutic alliance, a measure of the quality of the relationship between a health care provider and a service user, is a key factor in explaining the effects of mental health interventions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673807/frequency-and-impact-of-grade-three-or-four-toxicities-of-novel-agents-on-outcomes-of-older-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-alliance-a151611
#13
Michael Tallarico, Jared C Foster, Drew Seisler, Jacqueline M Lafky, Arti Hurria, Aminah Jatoi, Harvey J Cohen, Hyman B Muss, Nancy Bartlett, Bruce D Cheson, Sin-Ho Jung, John P Leonard, John C Byrd, Chadi Nabhan
OBJECTIVE: Older patients with cancer suffer from chemotherapy-related toxicities more frequently than younger patients. As novel agents are being used more commonly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), toxicities of these agents in older patients have not been well studied. Further, impact of these toxicities on outcomes in the elderly is unknown. This study aimed to answer both questions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 14 Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology trials that enrolled CLL and/or NHL patients between 2004-2014...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673367/comparing-the-importance-of-quality-measurement-themes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myositis-between-patients-and-families-and-healthcare-professionals
#14
Heather O Tory, Ruy Carrasco, Thomas Griffin, Adam M Huber, Philip Kahn, Angela Byun Robinson, David Zurakowski, Susan Kim
BACKGROUND: A standardized set of quality measures for juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (JIIM) is not in use. Discordance has been shown between the importance ascribed to quality measures between patients and families and physicians. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the importance of various aspects of high quality care to patients with JIIM and their families with healthcare providers, to aid in future development of comprehensive quality measures. METHODS: Surveys were developed by members of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Juvenile Dermatomyositis Workgroup through a consensus process and administered to patients and families through the CureJM Foundation and to healthcare professionals through CARRA...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672147/suicide-prevention-training-policies-for-health-care-professionals-across-the-united-states-as-of-october-2017
#15
Janessa M Graves, Jessica L Mackelprang, Sara E Van Natta, Carrie Holliday
OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare state policies for suicide prevention training among health care professionals across the United States and benchmark state plan updates against national recommendations set by the surgeon general and the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention in 2012. METHODS: We searched state legislation databases to identify policies, which we described and characterized by date of adoption, target audience, and duration and frequency of the training...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671613/alliance-perspectives-on-integration-of-humans-and-the-environment-into-the-system-of-radiological-protection
#16
H Vandenhove, C Bradshaw, N A Beresford, J Vives I Batlle, A Real, J Garnier-Laplace
Risks posed by the presence of radionuclides in the environment require an efficient, balanced, and adaptable assessment for protecting exposed humans and wildlife, and managing the associated radiological risk. Exposure of humans and wildlife originate from the same sources releasing radionuclides to the environment. Environmental concentrations of radionuclides serve as inputs to estimate the dose to man, fauna, and flora, with transfer processes being, in essence, similar, which calls for a common use of transport models...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671227/review-of-historical-aquatic-toxicity-and-bioconcentration-data-for-the-brominated-flame-retardant-tetrabromobisphenol-a-tbbpa-effects-to-fish-invertebrates-algae-and-microbial-communities
#17
Charles A Pittinger, Alison M Pecquet
This paper summarizes the historical and recent research on the aquatic toxicology and bioconcentration potential of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), a major flame retardant in electronics. Historical studies on TBBPA are presented in detail, and are compared with more recent research. The historical studies have not been published to date, though they were pivotal in regulatory assessments by the European Union, Canada, and the USA. These assessments have enabled the use of TBBPA as a flame retardant in electronic applications, to the present...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671070/determination-of-thiamethoxam-residues-in-banana-stem-and-fruit-through-lc-ms-ms
#18
A Suganthi, S A Nikita, J Kousika, K Bhuvaneswari, S Sridharan
An analytical method based on liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectroscopy/mass spectroscopy was developed and validated for the determination of thiamethoxam residues in banana fruit and stem tissue samples. In this study, Waters Alliance LC and Acquity TQD were used with an electrospray ionization interface in the positive ion mode. An isocratic flow of 0.5% HCOOH in water and 0.05% HCOOH in CH3 CN was used for separation. Thiamethoxam residue was extracted from the samples using CH3 CN and a dispersive solid-phase extraction method was used for subsequent cleanup...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669399/the-impact-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-on-the-clinical-phenotype-of-antiphospholipid-antibody-positive-patients-results-from-antiphospholipid-syndrome-alliance-for-clinical-trials-and-international-networking-aps-action-clinical-database-and-repository
#19
Ozan Unlu, Doruk Erkan, Medha Barbhaiya, Danieli Andrade, Iana Nascimento, Renata Rosa, Alessandra Banzato, Vittorio Pengo, Amaia Ugarte, Maria Gerosa, Lanlan Ji, Maria Efthymiou, D Ware Branch, Guilherme Raires de Jesus, Angela Tincani, H Michael Belmont, Paul R Fortin, Michelle Petri, Esther Rodriguez, Guillermo J Pons-Estel, Jason S Knight, Tatsuya Atsumi, Rohan Willis, Stephane Zuily, Maria G Tektonidou
OBJECTIVE: Although systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most common autoimmune disease associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), limited data exist on the impact of SLE on the clinical phenotype of aPL-positive patients. The primary objective was to compare the clinical, laboratory, and treatment characteristics of aPL-positive patients with or without SLE. METHODS: A secure web-based data capture system stores patient demographics, and aPL-related clinical and laboratory characteristics...
April 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669224/evaluation-of-intussusception-after-monovalent-rotavirus-vaccination-in-africa
#20
Jacqueline E Tate, Jason M Mwenda, George Armah, Bhavin Jani, Richard Omore, Ayesheshem Ademe, Hilda Mujuru, Evans Mpabalwani, Bagrey Ngwira, Margaret M Cortese, Richard Mihigo, Hope Glover-Addy, Mwajabu Mbaga, Francis Osawa, Amezene Tadesse, Bothwell Mbuwayesango, Julia Simwaka, Nigel Cunliffe, Benjamin A Lopman, Goitom Weldegebriel, Daniel Ansong, David Msuya, Billy Ogwel, Thomas Karengera, Portia Manangazira, Bruce Bvulani, Catherine Yen, Felicitas R Zawaira, Clement T Narh, Lazaro Mboma, Peter Saula, Fasil Teshager, Halle Getachew, Rebecca M Moeti, Christabel Eweronu-Laryea, Umesh D Parashar
BACKGROUND: Postlicensure evaluations have identified an association between rotavirus vaccination and intussusception in several high- and middle-income countries. We assessed the association between monovalent human rotavirus vaccine and intussusception in lower-income sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: Using active surveillance, we enrolled patients from seven countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) who had intussusception that met international (Brighton Collaboration level 1) criteria...
April 19, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
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