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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923268/trends-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-incidence-in-iran-2001-2010-with-joinpoint-analysis
#1
Mehdi Darabi, Mohsen Asadi Lari, Abbas Motevalian, Ali Motlagh, Shahram Arsang-Jang, Maryam Karimi Jaberi
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study is to consider changes in time trends of stomach, colorectal, and esophageal cancers during the past decade in Iran. METHODS: Cancer incidence data during the years 2001 to 2010 obtained from cancer registration in Health ministry. In order to recognize significant changes in time trends, we made use of Joint point analysis. Then, the annual percent change for each segment of the trend was calculated. RESULTS: Incidence rate for stomach cancer increased from 4...
December 5, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#2
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923212/comparison-of-diabetic-charcot-patients-with-and-without-foot-wounds
#3
Dane K Wukich, David Sadoskas, Nicholas J Vaudreuil, Mitchell Fourman
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a series of patients with Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) who were evaluated in a tertiary care setting. We hypothesized that those patients with CN who presented with a Charcot-related foot wound would have lower rates of successful limb salvage than patients who presented without a wound. METHODS: Two hundred forty-five patients (280 feet) were identified with diabetic CN during the time period from January 1, 2005, to June 1, 2015...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923162/comparison-of-different-osmotic-therapies-in-a-mouse-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Vinoth K M Khandelwal, Prabhakar Singh, Tatiana Ravingerova, Marslin Gregory, Hardik Gandhi, Manu Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Inflammation in the affected region, increased intracranial pressure, consequent oedema and congestion contribute to the negative outcome of traumatic brain injury. Osmotic therapies are recommended for improvement in cognitive and motor functions. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of osmotic therapies in a mice model of traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Experimental closed head injury was performed in adult Swiss albino mice by the weight-drop method...
October 11, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923161/antinociceptive-tolerance-to-nsaids-in-the-rat-formalin-test-is-mediated-by-the-opioid-mechanism
#5
Nana Tsiklauri, Ivliane Nozadze, Gulnaz Gurtskaia, Merab G Tsagareli
BACKGROUND: In the past decade it has been shown that tolerance develops to the antinociceptive effect of repeated systemic administration of commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in acute pain models using rats. This is similar to the tolerance observed with opioid-induced analgesia. In the present study, we investigated the development of tolerance to the analgesic effects of NSAIDs diclofenac, ketorolac and xefocam in a chronic inflammatory pain model, the formalin test...
October 6, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923160/adolescent-and-adult-mice-display-differential-sensitivity-to-the-effects-of-bupropion-on-the-acquisition-of-a-water-maze-task
#6
Carmen Gómez, Carmen Carrasco, Rosa Redolat
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is characterized by major neurobiological changes, and the effects of some psychoactive drugs seem to differ between adolescents and adults. Bupropion, an antidepressant that is also used to treat nicotine addiction, induces behavioral actions in both adolescent and adult rodents. However, the effects of this drug on spatial ability have not been compared in animals at different stages of their development. The present study was conducted to assess the effects of bupropion on spatial learning and memory in adolescent and adult mice...
October 12, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923143/monolayers-of-immunoglobulin-g-on-polystyrene-microparticles-and-their-interactions-with-human-serum-albumin
#7
Paulina Żeliszewska, Monika Wasilewska, Zbigniew Adamczyk
The adsorption of mouse monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) on negatively charged polystyrene microparticles was studied by the laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) electrophoretic mobility measurements. The dependence of the electrophoretic mobility of microparticles on the IgG concentration in the suspension was determined for different ionic strengths and pHs (3.5, 7.4). The increase in the electrophoretic mobility was quantitatively interpreted in terms of the 3D electrokinetic model. The maximum coverage of IgG on latex was determined by the depletion method aided by AFM imaging...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923124/the-triassic
#8
Michael J Benton
The Triassic, lasting from 252 to 201 million years (Myr) ago, was crucial in the origin of modern ecosystems. It is the seventh of the 11 geological systems or periods into which the Phanerozoic, the fossiliferous last 540 million years, of Earth history is divided. It might seem strange to select just one of these divisions of time as somehow more significant than the others. However, this was the span of time during which all of the key modern vertebrate groups originated - the neoselachian sharks, neopterygian bony fishes, lissamphibians, turtles, lepidosaurs, crocodilomorphs, and mammals...
December 5, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923116/new-evidence-in-support-of-staging-approaches-in-schizophrenia-differences-in-clinical-profiles-between-first-episode-early-stage-and-late-stage
#9
Bruno Bertolucci Ortiz, Fernanda Dal Medico Eden, Aline Silva Rodrigues de Souza, Carla Agostinho Teciano, Daniela Malatesta de Lima, Cristiano Noto, Cinthia Hiroko Higuchi, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Ary Gadelha
Few studies have examined the progression of symptom dimensions in schizophrenia patients over the course of the illness. The objective of this study was to investigate whether clinical and psychopathological differences exist between first-episode schizophrenia (FES) and multiple-episode patients in an inpatient setting. Patients (N=203) were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) over time. Five different generalized estimating equations were built for the PANSS factors using the following as covariates: sex, patient's age, assessment time point (i...
November 18, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923112/the-double-mandibular-osteotomy-for-vascular-and-tumor-surgery-of-the-parapharyngeal-space
#10
Thomas Schlieve, Eric R Carlson, Michael Freeman, Ryan Buckley, Josh Arnold
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to describe our experience using a double mandibular osteotomy for access to the parapharyngeal space in vascular and tumor surgery and to report on the outcomes and complications of this procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed and implemented a case series to review the medical records of all patients treated with a double mandibular osteotomy for parapharyngeal space access from 1994 to 2016. Patient demographic characteristics, indications for the procedure, outcomes, and complications were recorded...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#11
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923101/secular-changes-in-physical-growth-and-obesity-among-southwestern-american-indian-children-over-four-decades
#12
P Vijayakumar, K M Wheelock, S Kobes, R G Nelson, R L Hanson, W C Knowler, M Sinha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies describing childhood obesity in the United States are based on cross-sectional surveys and do not include substantial numbers of American Indians (AI). Secular trends in height and weight reflect general health status. This study describes weight trends and transitions among AI children over a 43-year period. METHODS: Anthropometric data were obtained from a prospective study conducted in a southwestern US AI population (1965 through 2007)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923058/effect-of-mass-stool-examination-and-mass-treatment-for-decreasing-intestinal-helminth-and-protozoan-infection-rates-in-bolivian-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Takao Asai, Claudia Còrdova Vidal, Wilma Strauss, Toshikazu Ikoma, Kazuo Endoh, Masaharu Yamamoto
Bolivia is one of the countries with a high intestinal helminth and protozoan infection rate. Despite the high prevalence of the parasitic infection, nationwide preventive measures for Bolivian children have not yet been implemented. We evaluated the effect of mass stool examination and treatment as a strategy for decreasing the infection rate. This study was conducted between 2013 and 2015 in children aged 2-18 years. A total of 2,033 stool samples (575 in 2013, 815 in 2014 and 642 in 2015) were collected and examined using the formalin-ether medical sedimentation method...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923048/contribution-of-wastewater-irrigation-to-soil-transmitted-helminths-infection-among-vegetable-farmers-in-kumasi-ghana
#15
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Amina Abubakari, Thor Axel Stenström, Robert Clement Abaidoo, Razak Seidu
Wastewater irrigation is associated with several benefits but can also lead to significant health risks. The health risk for contracting infections from Soil Transmitted Helminths (STHs) among farmers has mainly been assessed indirectly through measured quantities in the wastewater or on the crops alone and only on a limited scale through epidemiological assessments. In this study we broadened the concept of infection risks in the exposure assessments by measurements of the concentration of STHs both in wastewater used for irrigation and the soil, as well as the actual load of STHs ova in the stool of farmers and their family members (165 and 127 in the wet and dry seasons respectively) and a control group of non-farmers (100 and 52 in the wet and dry seasons, respectively)...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922976/intraoperative-frozen-section-of-ovarian-tumors-a-6-year-review-of-performance-and-potential-pitfalls-in-an-australian-tertiary-referral-center
#16
Rhett Morton, Lyndal Anderson, Jonathan Carter, Selvan Pather, Samir A Saidi
OBJECTIVES: Intraoperative frozen section (IFS) offers a rapid test to guide the extent of surgery, which is essential for optimal treatment of ovarian cancer. This study evaluated the diagnostic performance and influence of IFS in the surgical management of ovarian tumors. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of IFS of adnexal lesions from 2008 to 2013, with diagnoses classified as benign, borderline, or malignant. The diagnostic performance of IFS was calculated, with a focus on primary epithelial tumors...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922962/retention-and-mechanical-behavior-of-attachment-systems-for-implant-retained-auricular-prostheses
#17
Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Zarina Tatia Santos, Natalia Alvarez-Pinzon, Sergio Olate, José Ricardo de Albergaria-Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Auricular prostheses are artificial substitutes for facial defects. The retention of these has often been a problem. This study aimed to evaluate the mechanical behavior of 3 retained auricular prosthetic connections when submitted to a mechanical cycling test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve samples with installed implants were obtained and divided into 3 groups according to their retention system with 4 samples in each group. I: bar-clip system; II: magnet system; and III: ball/o-ring system...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922961/costochondral-graft-in-young-children-with-hemifacial-microsomia
#18
Bin-Zhang Wu, Lian Ma, Yang Li, Shuo Chen, Biao Yi
Patients with severely hypoplastic mandibles usually require condylar reconstruction. This study aimed to describe costochondral graft (CCG) for condylar reconstruction and report subsequent outcomes of these grafts in young children with Pruzansky/Kaban type IIB and type III mandibular hypoplasia. This study included 4 young children with type IIB and type III hemifacial microsomia treated with CCG to reconstruct the condyle at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in our hospital from March 2008 to March 2014...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922952/effect-of-energy-drink-on-bone-formation-in-the-expanded-inter-premaxillary-suture
#19
Muhammet Birlik, Hakki Oguz Kazancioglu, Mehmet Şerif Aydin, Sertac Aksakalli, Seref Ezirganli
Maxillary expansion of the median palatal suture is a common procedure in orthodontics. Even after retention, there is a strong tendency to relapse in the expanded suture. The authors' objectives are to accelerate the bone formation process in the expanded suture and to reduce the required retention time by using an energy drink (ED). Twenty rats were divided into 2 groups (n = 20). The expansion-only group was defined as the control group (Group C). The other group was defined as the expansion-plus-energy drink group (Group ED)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922940/impact-of-menopausal-status-on-negative-mood-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-longitudinal-sample-spanning-20-years
#20
Katherine E Campbell, Lorraine Dennerstein, Sue Finch, Cassandra E Szoeke
OBJECTIVE: Studies examining depressive symptoms and negative mood across the postmenopause are lacking, particularly those that examine prevalence in early and late postmenopause. This study examines negative mood and depressive occurrence in the menopausal stages to provide a better understanding of prevalence of mood disturbance during this period. METHODS: This study was a longitudinal assessment of variables drawn from an epidemiological prospective study of women's healthy aging...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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