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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444116/field-evaluation-of-the-safety-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-early-infant-male-circumcision-using-the-accucirc-device
#1
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Erick Okello, Valentine Pengo, Betha Ochomo, Mary Emmaculate Auma, Simon Were, Stella Ojuok, Evelyne Adoyo, Mildred Adhiambo, Marisa R Young, Rebeca M Plank, Fredrick O Otieno
BACKGROUND: As countries scale up adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, they are looking ahead to long term sustainable strategies, including introduction of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). Although a number of devices for EIMC are prequalified by the World Health Organization, evaluation of additional devices can provide policy-makers and clinicians the information required to make informed decisions. We undertook a field evaluation of the safety and acceptability of the AccuCirc device in Kisumu County, Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443043/a-microcontroller-operated-device-for-the-generation-of-liquid-extracts-from-conventional-cigarette-smoke-and-electronic-cigarette-aerosol
#2
Chastain A Anderson, Rachael E Bokota, Andrew E Majeste, Walter L Murfee, Shusheng Wang
Electronic cigarettes are the most popular tobacco product among middle and high schoolers and are the most popular alternative tobacco product among adults. High quality, reproducible research on the consequences of electronic cigarette use is essential for understanding emerging public health concerns and crafting evidence based regulatory policy. While a growing number of papers discuss electronic cigarettes, there is little consistency in methods across groups and very little consensus on results. Here, we describe a programmable laboratory device that can be used to create extracts of conventional cigarette smoke and electronic cigarette aerosol...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442406/supporting-youth-wellbeing-with-a-focus-on-eating-well-and-being-active-views-from-an-aboriginal-community-deliberative-forum
#3
Jackie Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson
OBJECTIVE: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. METHODS: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441837/nurses-as-change-agents-for-a-better-future-in-health-care-the-politics-of-drift-and-dilution
#4
Anne M Rafferty
This paper takes the 70th Anniversary of the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom as an opportunity to reflect upon the strategic direction of nursing policy and the extent to which nurses can realise their potential as change agents in building a better future for health care. It argues that the policy trajectory set for nursing at the outset of the NHS continues to influence its strategic direction, and that the trajectory needs to be reset with the voices of nurses being more engaged in the design, as much as the delivery of health policy...
February 14, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441737/cesium-137-contaminated-roads-and-health-problems-in-residents-an-epidemiological-investigation-in-seoul-2011
#5
Mina Ha, Young Su Ju, Won Jin Lee, Seung Sik Hwang, Sang Chul Yoo, Kyung Hwa Choi, Eunae Burm, Jieon Lee, Yun Keun Lee, Sanghyuk Im
BACKGROUND: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. METHODS: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441632/cross-country-comparison-of-proportion-of-alcohol-consumed-in-harmful-drinking-occasions-using-the-international-alcohol-control-study
#6
Pham Viet Cuong, Sally Casswell, Karl Parker, Sarah Callinan, Surasak Chaiyasong, Elena Kazantseva, Petra Meier, Anne-Marie MacKintosh, Marina Piazza, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Charles Parry
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study examines the proportion of alcohol markets consumed in harmful drinking occasions in a range of high-, middle-income countries and assesses the implications of these findings for conflict of interest between alcohol producers and public health and the appropriate role of the alcohol industry in alcohol policy space. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 10 countries as part of the International Alcohol Control study...
February 14, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441330/measurement-of-health-system-performance-at-district-level-a-study-protocol
#7
Atul Sharma, Shankar Prinja, Arun Kumar Aggarwal
Background: Limited efforts have been observed in low and middle income countries to undertake health system performance assessment at district level. Absence of a comprehensive data collection tool and lack of a standardised single summary measure defining overall performance are some of the main problems. Present study has been undertaken to develop a summary composite health system performance index at district level. Methods: A broad range of indicators covering all six domains as per building block framework were finalized by an expert panel...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#8
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441117/contextual-factors-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-evaluation-a-protocol-applied-in-nigeria-india-and-ethiopia
#9
Kate Sabot, Tanya Marchant, Neil Spicer, Della Berhanu, Meenakshi Gautham, Nasir Umar, Joanna Schellenberg
Background: Understanding the context of a health programme is important in interpreting evaluation findings and in considering the external validity for other settings. Public health researchers can be imprecise and inconsistent in their usage of the word "context" and its application to their work. This paper presents an approach to defining context, to capturing relevant contextual information and to using such information to help interpret findings from the perspective of a research group evaluating the effect of diverse innovations on coverage of evidence-based, life-saving interventions for maternal and newborn health in Ethiopia, Nigeria, and India...
2018: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440959/assessment-of-orthodontic-treatment-need-among-tribal-children-of-indore-division-central-india
#10
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Astha Chauhan, Srinivasa Gowda, Rutuja Ambekar, Bhupendra S Rathore, Sakshi Chabra, Afsheen Lalani, Harsh Harani
Introduction: India is home to many tribes which have an interesting and varied history of origins, customs and social practices. Oral health care in tribal areas is limited due to shortage of dental manpower, financial constraints and the lack of perceived need for dental care among tribal masses. Objective: To assess orthodontic treatment need among tribal children of Indore division, Central India. Methods: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 800 tribal children aged 5 to 15 years old in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440938/domestic-violence-a-hidden-barrier-to-contraceptive-use-among-women-in-nigeria
#11
Ghose Bishwajit, Sanni Yaya
Background: The nonuse of family planning methods remains a major public health concern in the low-and-middle-income countries, especially due to its impact on unwanted pregnancy, high rate of abortion, and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. Various demographic and socioeconomic factors have been reported to be associated with the nonuse of family planning methods. In the present study, we aimed at assessing the influence of domestic violence (DV) on contraceptive use among ever married women in Nigeria...
2018: Open access journal of contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440214/-it-has-saved-thousands-of-lives-so-why-change-it-content-analysis-of-objections-to-cervical-screening-programme-changes-in-australia
#12
Helena M Obermair, Rachael H Dodd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Kirsten McCaffery
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer have halved since introduction of the Australian cervical screening programme in 1991, involving 2-yearly Pap smears from ages 18-69 years. In 2017, the programme changed to 5- yearly primary human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for women aged 25-74 years. This study investigated reasons for opposition to the renewed screening programme within the open-ended comments of an online petition, 'Stop May 1st Changes to Pap Smears-Save Women's Lives', opposing the changes, which received over 70 000 signatures and almost 20 000 comments...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438634/regulating-cannabis-manufacturing-applying-public-health-best-practices-from-tobacco-control
#13
Daniel G Orenstein, Stanton A Glantz
State legalization and regulation of cannabis, despite continued federal illegality, is a massive shift in regulatory approach. Manufactured cannabis, including concentrates, extracts, edibles, tinctures, topicals and other products, has received less attention than more commonly used dried flower, but represents emerging regulatory challenges due to additives, potency, consumption methods, and abuse and misuse potential. In November 2017, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) released initial cannabis manufacturing regulations as part of a new state regulatory structure...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438486/the-role-of-the-food-industry-in-health-lessons-from-tobacco
#14
Simon Capewell, Ffion Lloyd-Williams
Introduction: In this review, we highlight poor diet as the biggest risk factor for non-communicable diseases. We examine the denial tactics used by the food industry, how they reflect the tactics previously used by the tobacco industry, and how campaigners can use this knowledge to achieve future public health successes. Sources of data: Data sources are wide ranging, notably publications relating to public health, obesity and processed food, the effectiveness hierarchy and food industry denialism tactics...
February 9, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438334/changing-the-paradigm-in-public-health-and-disability-through-a-knowledge-translation-center
#15
Kerri A Vanderbom, Yochai Eisenberg, Allison H Tubbs, Teneasha Washington, Alex X Martínez, Amy Rauworth
People with disabilities are a health disparity population that face many barriers to health promotion opportunities in their communities. Inclusion in public health initiatives is a critical approach to address the health disparities that people with disabilities experience. The National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD) is tackling health disparities in the areas of physical activity, healthy nutrition, and healthy weight management. Using the NCHPAD Knowledge Adaptation, Translation, and Scale-up Framework, NCHPAD is systematically facilitating, monitoring, and evaluating inclusive programmatic, policy, systems, and environmental (PPSE) changes in communities and organizations at a local and national level...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438154/how-many-paid-sick-days-are-enough
#16
LeaAnne DeRigne, Patricia Stoddard Dare, Linda M Quinn, Cyleste Collins
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the relationship between number of paid sick days and reported preventive health care service usage among older US workers. METHODS: Using a 2014 cross-section of 3,235 US workers age 49-57 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this study is the first to measure paid sick leave as an ordinal variable in an effort to refine our understanding of sick leave, and identify the ideal range of sick days necessary for people to access preventive health care services...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437798/points-to-consider-for-sharing-variant-level-information-from-clinical-genetic-testing-with-clinvar
#17
Danielle R Azzariti, Erin Rooney Riggs, Annie Niehaus, Laura Lyman Rodriguez, Erin M Ramos, Brandi Kattman, Melissa J Landrum, Christa L Martin, Heidi L Rehm
Data sharing between laboratories, clinicians, researchers, and patients is essential for improvements and standardization in genomic medicine; encouraging genomic data sharing (GDS) is a key activity of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Clinical Genome Resource (ClinGen). The ClinGen initiative is dedicated to evaluating the clinical relevance of genes and variants for use in precision medicine and research. Currently, data originating from each of the aforementioned stakeholder groups is represented in ClinVar, a publicly available repository of genomic variation, and its relationship to human health hosted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the NIH...
February 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437751/what-are-the-costs-associated-with-child-and-maternal-healthcare-within-australia-a-study-protocol-for-the-use-of-data-linkage-to-identify-health-service-use-and-health-system-and-patient-costs
#18
Emily J Callander, Haylee Fox
INTRODUCTION: The current literature in Australia demonstrates that there are variations in access and outcomes in perinatal care based on socioeconomic factors. However, little has been done looking at the level of out-of-pocket healthcare costs associated with perinatal care. The primary aim of this project will be to quantify health service use and out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure associated with childbearing and early childhood in Queensland, Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This project will build Australia's first model (called Maternal & Child Cost MOD) of out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure by using administrative data from the Queensland Perinatal Data Collection, of all childbearing women and their resultant children, who gave birth in Queensland between 1 July 2012 and 30 June 2016...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437571/impact-of-varying-the-definition-of-myopia-on-estimates-of-prevalence-and-associations-with-risk-factors-time-for-an-approach-that-serves-research-practice-and-policy
#19
Phillippa M Cumberland, Vasiliki Bountziouka, Jugnoo S Rahi
BACKGROUND: Refractive error is an increasing global public health concern that requires robust and reliable research to identify modifiable risk factors and provide accurate estimates of population burden. We investigated the impact of reclassification of individuals when using different threshold values of spherical equivalent (SE) to define myopia, on estimates of frequency, distribution and associations with risk factors, to inform current international initiatives to standardise definitions...
February 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437291/much-ado-about-flu-a-mixed-methods-study-of-parental-perceptions-trust-and-information-seeking-in-a-pandemic
#20
Catherine L King, Maria Y K Chow, Kerrie E Wiley, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: Effective public health messaging is essential in both the planning phase and duration of a pandemic. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to gain an understanding of parental information seeking, trusted sources and needs in relation to pandemic influenza A 2009 (pH1N1) to inform future policy planning and resource development. PATIENTS/METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study; parents from 16 childcare centres in Sydney, Australia, were surveyed between 16 November and 9 December 2009 and interviews were conducted with participants from six childcare centres between June 2009 and May 2011...
February 13, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
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