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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#1
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228281/the-intriguing-evolution-of-effect-sizes-in-biomedical-research-over-time-smaller-but-more-often-statistically-significant
#2
Paul Monsarrat, Jean-Noel Vergnes
Background: In medicine, effect sizes (ESs) allow the effects of independent variables (including risk/protective factors, or treatment interventions) on dependent variables (e.g., health outcomes) to be quantified. Given that many public health decisions and health care policies are based on ES estimates, it is important to assess how ESs are used in the biomedical literature and to investigate potential trends in their reporting over time. Results: Through a big data approach, the text mining process automatically extracted 814 120 ESs from 13 322 754 PubMed abstracts...
December 6, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227945/a-new-framework-proposal-towards-a-common-eu-agricultural-policy-with-the-best-sustainable-practices-for-the-re-use-of-olive-mill-wastewater
#3
REVIEW
T M Koutsos, T Chatzistathis, E I Balampekou
The disposal of olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a serious environmental issue for the Mediterranean countries. However, there is still no common European legislation on the management and the re-use of OMW in agriculture, in the frame of sustainable crop management and the standards for the safe OMW disposal and re-use are left to be set by each EU country, individually. This review paper presents the most effective and sustainable practices for OMW, (treatment, application and management), which can maximize the benefits of OMW on crops and soils, while minimizing the potential hazards for public health, thus promoting environmental sustainability...
December 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227430/continuing-education-meets-the-learning-organization-the-challenge-of-a-systems-approach-to-patient-safety
#4
John M Eisenberg
Since the release of the report of the Institute of Medicine on medical errors and patient safety in November 1999, health policy makers and health care leaders in several nations have sought solutions that will improve the safety of health care. This attention to patient safety has highlighted the importance of a learning approach and a systems approach to quality measurement and improvement. Balanced with the need for public disclosure of performance, confidential reporting with feedback is one of the prime ways that nations such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia have approached this challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227422/assessment-of-the-sustainability-capacity-of-a-coordinated-approach-to-chronic-disease-prevention
#5
Sarah Moreland-Russell, Todd Combs, LaShaun Polk, Sarah Dexter
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines some factors that influenced the sustainability capacity of a coordinated approach to chronic disease prevention in state and territory health departments. DESIGN: This study involved a cross-sectional design and mixed-methods approach. Quantitative data were collected using the Program Sustainability Assessment Tool (PSAT), a 40-item multiple-choice instrument that assesses 8 domains of sustainability capacity (environmental support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, program evaluation, program adaptation, communications, and strategic planning)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227232/alcohol-consumption-and-the-physical-availability-of-take-away-alcohol-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-the-days-and-hours-of-sale-and-outlet-density
#6
Adam Sherk, Tim Stockwell, Tanya Chikritzhs, Sven Andréasson, Colin Angus, Johanna Gripenberg, Harold Holder, John Holmes, Pia Mäkelä, Megan Mills, Thor Norström, Mats Ramstedt, Jonathan Woods
OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were completed studying the effect of changes in the physical availability of take-away alcohol on per capita alcohol consumption. Previous reviews examining this topic have not focused on off-premise outlets where take-away alcohol is sold and have not completed meta-analyses. METHOD: Systematic reviews were conducted separately for policies affecting the temporal availability (days and hours of sale) and spatial availability (outlet density) of take-away alcohol...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227221/an-alcohol-policy-trifecta-reduce-alcohol-problems-save-on-health-care-generate-public-revenues
#7
Jeremy Bray, Thomas F Babor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226450/barriers-to-care-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults
#8
Gilbert Gonzales, Carrie Henning-Smith
Policy Points: Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) adults may experience barriers to care for a variety of reasons, including discrimination and lack of awareness by providers in health care settings. In our analysis of a large, population-based sample, we found transgender and GNC adults were more likely to be uninsured and have unmet health care needs, and were less likely to have routine care, compared to cisgender (nontransgender) women. Our findings varied by gender identity. More research is needed on transgender and GNC populations, including on how public policy and provider awareness affects health care access and health outcomes differentially by gender identity...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226443/lessons-from-analyzing-the-medical-costs-of-civilian-terror-victims-planning-resources-allocation-for-a-new-era-of-confrontations
#9
Eytan Ellenberg, Mark I Taragin, Jay R Hoffman, Osnat Cohen, Daniella Luft-Afik, Zvia Bar-On, Ishay Ostfeld
Policy Points: Across the globe, the threat from terrorist attacks is rising, which requires a careful assessment of long-term medical support. We found 3 major sources of costs: hospital expenditures, mental health services dedicated to acute stress reactions, and ambulatory follow-up. During the first year, most of the costs were related to hospitalization and support for stress relief. During the second year, ambulatory and rehabilitation costs continued to grow. Public health specialists should consider these major components of costs and their evolution over time to properly advise the medical and social authorities on allocating resources for the medical and nonmedical support of civilian casualties resulting from war or terror...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226119/substitution-of-formal-and-informal-home-care-service-use-and-nursing-home-service-use-health-outcomes-decision-making-preferences-and-implications-for-a-public-health-policy
#10
Chia-Ching Chen, Tetsuji Yamada, Taeko Nakashima, I-Ming Chiu
Objectives: The purposes of this study are: (1) to empirically identify decision-making preferences of long-term health-care use, especially informal and formal home care (FHC) service use; (2) to evaluate outcomes vs. costs based on substitutability of informal and FHC service use; and (3) to investigate health outcome disparity based on substitutability. Methodology and data: The methods of ordinary least squares, a logit model, and a bivariate probit model are used by controlling for socioeconomic, demographic, and physical/mental health factors to investigate outcomes and costs based substitutability of informal and formal health-care use...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225970/dialysis-provision-and-implications-of-health-economics-on-peritoneal-dialysis-utilization-a-review-from-a-malaysian-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Naren Kumar Surendra, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Lai Seong Hooi, Sunita Bavanandan
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is managed by either lifesaving hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) or a kidney transplant. In Malaysia, the prevalence of dialysis-treated ESRD patients has shown an exponential growth from 504 per million population (pmp) in 2005 to 1155 pmp in 2014. There were 1046 pmp patients on HD and 109 pmp patients on PD in 2014. Kidney transplants are limited due to lack of donors. Malaysia adopts public-private financing model for dialysis. Majority of HD patients were treated in the private sector but almost all PD patients were treated in government facilities...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225931/community-preferences-for-a-social-health-insurance-benefit-package-an-exploratory-study-among-the-uninsured-in-vietnam
#12
Hoa Thi Nguyen, Tinh Viet Luu, Gerald Leppert, Manuela De Allegri
Understanding public preferences in terms of health benefit packages (HBPs) remains limited, yet gathering community insights is an important endeavour when developing people-centred health systems and moving towards universal health coverage. Our study aimed to address this gap in knowledge by eliciting community preferences for the social health insurance benefit package among the uninsured in Vietnam. We adopted a mixed methods approach that included a ranking exercise followed by focus group discussions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225930/using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-implement-and-evaluate-national-surgical-planning
#13
REVIEW
Saurabh Saluja, Allison Silverstein, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Yihan Lin, Nakul Raykar, Salmaan Keshavjee, Lubna Samad, John G Meara
The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery defined six surgical indicators and a framework for a national surgical plan that aimed to incorporate surgical care as a part of global public health. Multiple countries have since begun national surgical planning; each faces unique challenges in doing so. Implementation science can be used to more systematically explain this heterogeneous process, guide implementation efforts and ultimately evaluate progress. We describe our intervention using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225927/institutionalising-health-technology-assessment-establishing-the-medical-technology-assessment-board-in-india
#14
REVIEW
Laura E Downey, Abha Mehndiratta, Ashoo Grover, Vijay Gauba, Kabir Sheikh, Shankar Prinja, Ravinder Singh, Francoise A Cluzeau, Saudamini Dabak, Yot Teerawattananon, Sanjiv Kumar, Soumya Swaminathan
India is at crossroads with a commitment by the government to universal health coverage (UHC), driving efficiency and tackling waste across the public healthcare sector. Health technology assessment (HTA) is an important policy reform that can assist policy-makers to tackle inequities and inefficiencies by improving the way in which health resources are allocated towards cost-effective, appropriate and feasible interventions. The equitable and efficient distribution of health budget resources, as well as timely uptake of good value technologies, are critical to strengthen the Indian healthcare system...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225915/mdhaq-rapid3-scores-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-are-similar-to-or-higher-than-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-from-current-routine-rheumatology-care-at-four-sites
#15
Carlos El-Haddad, Isabel Castrejon, Kathryn A Gibson, Yusuf Yazici, Martin J Bergman, Theodore Pincus
Objective: To compare patients with a primary diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) versus rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for scores on a patient self-report MDHAQ/RAPID3 (Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire/Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3), and for physician global assessment (DOCGL). Methods: All patients with all diagnoses complete an MDHAQ/RAPID3 at all routine rheumatology visits in the waiting area before seeing a rheumatologist at four sites, one in Australia and three in the USA...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225562/varying-age-gender-associations-between-body-mass-index-and-urban-greenspace
#16
Heather A Sander, Debarchana Ghosh, Cody B Hodson
Urban greenspace benefits urbanites in numerous ways ranging from regulating flooding, air quality, and local climate to providing opportunities for exercise and relaxation. These benefits may influence human health. Greenspace, for example, may facilitate exercise, thereby helping to reduce body mass index (BMI) and combat obesity, a current epidemic of great public health concern. Little evidence exists to support this assertion, however, and we lack a full understanding of the mechanisms whereby this relationship operates, the populations for whom greenspace is linked to weight status, and the aspects of urban greenspace that are linked to weight status...
August 2017: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224702/early-intervention-to-restore-function-and-maintain-healthy-trajectory
#17
REVIEW
Juan Jover, Lydia Abasolo
The health of the global population has undergone rapid transformation. Life expectancy and chronic conditions are increasing, and persons aged 65 years or older have become the fastest growing segment of population. The worldwide picture of disease burden is increasingly defined by disability instead of premature mortality. Population growth, ageing and sedentary lifestyles, particularly in developing countries, will result in a crisis for the population health that requires a multi-system response. The growing awareness of the diseases burden increases the need for accurate measurement and assessment of the burden and measurement of the impact of any public health action...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224642/drug-induced-cardiac-abnormalities-in-premature-infants-and-neonates
#18
REVIEW
Luana Pesco-Koplowitz, Gary Gintant, Robert Ward, Dominique Heon, Muriel Saulnier, Jeff Heilbraun
The Cardiac Safety Research Consortium (CSRC) is a transparent, public-private partnership that was established in 2005 as a Critical Path Program and formalized in 2006 under a Memorandum of Understanding between the United States Food and Drug Administration and Duke University. Our continuing goal is to advance paradigms for more efficient regulatory science related to the cardiovascular safety of new therapeutics, both in the United States and globally, particularly where such safety questions add burden to innovative research and development...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223966/advancing-point-of-care-diagnostics-for-the-control-and-prevention-of-stis-the-way-forward
#19
Igor Toskin, Karel Blondeel, Rosanna W Peeling, Carolyn Deal, James Kiarie
WHO recognises the global impact of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) on global public health and individual sexual and reproductive health and well-being. As a component of the WHO Global Health Sector Strategy for the control and prevention of STIs, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of integrating point-of-care tests (POCTs) into overall strategic planning. The process of integrating STI POCTs, in addition to providing a definitive diagnosis and appropriate treatment in a single visit, also includes innovative delivery options, such as on-site delivery, community-based testing (including screening), as well as self-testing at home after purchase of a test online or over-the-counter...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223192/training-needs-for-dementia-care-in-china-from-the-perspectives-of-mental-health-providers-who-what-and-how
#20
Ling Xu, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Wenchen Denq, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Acknowledging increasing demand of dementia care for patients in China, this paper aims to understand the training needs of dementia care from the perspectives of mental health providers by examining who should be the trainees, what should be the contents of training, and how to deliver the training in China. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, data were gathered via four focus group discussions with 40 mental health providers in Beijing, China, in 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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