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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054087/using-local-knowledge-and-sustainable-transport-to-promote-a-greener-city-the-case-of-bucharest-romania
#1
Mihai R Niță, Denisa L Badiu, Diana A Onose, Athanasios A Gavrilidis, Simona R Grădinaru, Irina I Năstase, Raffaele Lafortezza
Cities undergoing climate change and rapid urbanization are faced with significant transformational processes that affect the environment and society, challenging them to become more sustainable and resilient. The promotion of nature-based solutions represents an efficient approach to meet sustainability targets in cities and improve the quality of life of citizens. The association of large components of green infrastructure, such as urban parks, with physical activity can counteract the sedentary lifestyle endemic to cities and improve the overall health and well-being of individuals (Carrus et al...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#2
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052427/the-joint-ispor-ispe-special-task-force-on-real-world-evidence-in-health-care-decision-making-an-interview-with-marc-berger
#3
Marc L Berger
Marc L Berger, MD, is a retired, part-time consultant. He recently became Chair of the Real World Evidence Advisory Board for SHYFT Analytics. Over a 25-year industry career, Marc has held senior-level positions at Pfizer, Inc., OptumInsight, Eli Lilly and Company, and Merck & Co., Inc. His professional activities have included serving on committees for Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), Drug Information Association (DIA), and the editorial advisory boards of several journals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052275/effectiveness-of-current-policing-related-mental-health-interventions-a-systematic-review
#4
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Farhad Shokraneh
BACKGROUND: There are three commonly used mental health interventions associated with policing: liaison and diversion, street triage and having specialist staff embedded in police contact control rooms. Crisis intervention teams (CITs), already used in the USA, are now attracting wider interest, including in the UK. Investment in these interventions is growing, so it is important to have evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To conduct a systematic literature review to answer questions about effectiveness of police-mental health service models for responding to people with mental disorder and suspected offending or public safety problems...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052153/food-for-thought-reward-mechanisms-and-hedonic-overeating-in-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Phong Ching Lee, John B Dixon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the food addiction model and the role of food hedonic pathways in the pathogenesis and treatment of obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: The hedonic pathway interacts with the obesogenic environment to override homeostatic mechanisms to cause increase in body weight. Weight gain sustained over time leads to "upward setting" of defended level of body-fat mass. There are neurobiological and phenotypic similarities and differences between hedonic pathways triggered by food compared with other addictive substances, and the entity of food addiction remains controversial...
October 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051019/the-american-college-of-preventive-medicine-policy-recommendations-on-public-health-funding
#6
Andrew S Karasick, Samuel Peik
The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Committee makes policy guidelines and recommendations on Preventive Medicine and Public Health topics for Public Health decision makers. After a review of the current evidence available in 2016, the College is providing policy recommendations designed to inform public health investment. The American College of Preventive Medicine advocates for policies that recognize the health and economic value of public health funding and promote investment in these vital capabilities...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050659/community-coalitions-gender-aware-policy-and-systems-changes-to-improve-the-health-of-women-and-girls
#7
Shelly Kowalczyk, Suzanne M Randolph, Linda Oravecz
BACKGROUND: Addressing environmental barriers and community conditions through policy and systems change provides the foundation for creating sustainable public health change at the population level. In an effort to influence population-level change that is gender aware, the United States Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health funded the Coalition for a Healthier Community initiative supporting 10 grantees in the implementation of gender-based, public health systems approaches to improve women and girls' health...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050658/addressing-health-disparities-from-within-the-community-community-based-participatory-research-and-community-health-worker-policy-initiatives-using-a-gender-based-approach
#8
Sara E Simonsen, Brenda Ralls, Anna Guymon, Teresa Garrett, Patricia Eisenman, Jeannette Villalta, O Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Valentine Mukundente, France A Davis, Kathleen Digre, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Coalition for a Healthier Community for Utah Women and Girls (CHC-UWAG) focused on addressing obesity-related health disparities impacting Utah women of color using community-based participatory research, a gender-based approach, and culturally sensitive health promotion activities delivered through community health workers (CHWs). A randomized trial of low vs. high intensity wellness coaching by CHWs was initiated. During this process, numerous policy issues emerged and were tracked...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#9
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050655/healthy-by-design-using-a-gender-focus-to-influence-complete-streets-policy
#10
April Ennis Keippel, Melissa A Henderson, Amanda L Golbeck, TommiLee Gallup, Diane K Duin, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander, Elizabeth L Ciemins
BACKGROUND: Public health leaders in Yellowstone County, Montana, formed an alliance to address community-wide issues. One such issue is Complete Streets, with its vision of safe streets for all. This case study focuses on development and adoption of a Complete Streets policy. It examines how a community coalition, Healthy By Design, infused a gender focus into the policymaking process. METHODS: An incremental and nonlinear policymaking process was aided by a focus on gender and health equity...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050653/policy-impact-of-research-findings-on-the-association-of-diaper-need-and-mental-health
#11
Lori R Wallace, Alison M Weir, Megan V Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental illness constitutes one of most significant public health problems facing women of reproductive age and their children. Women who mother in poverty experience additional stressors, pointing to the need for innovative public health promotion efforts to reduce mental illness. Simple innovations, like making diapers more available and affordable, may represent an effective method of addressing this problem. This paper describes the research findings on diaper need reported by the New Haven Mental Health Outreach for Mothers Partnership and the process of translating these findings into broader policy and advocacy efforts...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049315/analysis-of-the-interests-of-google-users-on-toothache-information
#12
Matheus Lotto, Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The knowledge on health interests of a given population of Internet users might contribute to the increase of evidence on community's dental needs, and consequently, to the improvement of public health planning. The frequency of searches for specific issues on Google can be analyzed by the application of Google Trends. AIM: In this study, we aimed to characterize the interests on toothache information of Google users from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049278/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#13
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048968/vaccines-and-the-trump-administration-reasons-for-optimism-amid-uncertainty
#14
Jason L Schwartz
The election of President Donald Trump raised grave concerns for the future of vaccination in the United States. Trump had frequently embraced-both before and during his election campaign-baseless and discredited allegations linking childhood vaccines to autism.(1) Shortly before his inauguration, he met with Robert F. Kennedy Jr, one of the most prominent and vocal critics of vaccine safety and current US vaccine policy, who announced after that meeting that he would lead a presidential "vaccine safety commission" charged with investigating these topics...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048963/a-21st-century-public-health-approach-to-abortion
#15
Sarah C M Roberts, Liza Fuentes, Nancy F Berglas, Amanda J Dennis
In the United States, groups advocating for and against abortion rights often deploy public health arguments to advance their positions. Recently, these arguments have evolved into state laws that use the government health department infrastructure to increase law enforcement and regulatory activities around abortion. Many major medical and public health associations oppose these new laws because they are not evidence-based and do not protect women's health. Yet state health departments have been defending these laws in court...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048961/publicly-funded-family-planning-under-unprecedented-attack
#16
Rachel Benson Gold, Kinsey Hasstedt
Never in its history has the nation's family planning safety net been in such jeopardy as it is today. The policy agendas of the Trump administration, Congress, and many states are being shaped by leaders adamant in their ideological opposition to-and intent to dismantle-the funding streams and providers that have long constituted the US publicly funded family planning effort. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print October 19, 2017: e1-e3. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304124).
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048417/pathways-from-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnosis-to-genetic-testing
#17
Krysta S Barton, Holly K Tabor, Helene Starks, Nanibaa' A Garrison, Mercy Laurino, Wylie Burke
PurposeThis study examined challenges faced by families and health providers related to genetic testing for autism spectrum disorder (ASD).MethodsThis qualitative study of 14 parents and 15 health providers identified an unstandardized three-step process for families who pursue ASD genetic testing.ResultsStep 1 is the clinical diagnosis of ASD, confirmed by providers practicing alone or in a team. Step 2 is the offer of genetic testing to find an etiology. For those offered testing, step 3 involves the parents' decision whether to pursue testing...
October 19, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047445/transport-and-public-health-in-china-the-road-to-a-healthy-future
#18
REVIEW
Baoguo Jiang, Song Liang, Zhong-Ren Peng, Haozhe Cong, Morgan Levy, Qu Cheng, Tianbing Wang, Justin V Remais
Transportation-related risk factors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in China, where the expansion of road networks and surges in personal vehicle ownership are having profound effects on public health. Road traffic injuries and fatalities have increased alongside increased use of motorised transport in China, and accident injury risk is aggravated by inadequate emergency response systems and trauma care. National air quality standards and emission control technologies are having a positive effect on air quality, but persistent air pollution is increasingly attributable to a growing and outdated vehicle fleet and to famously congested roads...
October 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047389/investigating-local-policy-drivers-for-alcohol-harm-prevention-a-comparative-case-study-of-two-local-authorities-in-england
#19
John D Mooney, John Holmes, Lucy Gavens, Frank de Vocht, Matt Hickman, Karen Lock, Alan Brennan
BACKGROUND: The considerable challenges associated with implementing national level alcohol policies have encouraged a renewed focus on the prospects for local-level policies in the UK and elsewhere. We adopted a case study approach to identify the major characteristics and drivers of differences in the patterns of local alcohol policies and services in two contrasting local authority (LA) areas in England. METHODS: Data were collected via thirteen semi-structured interviews with key informants (including public health, licensing and trading standards) and documentary analysis, including harm reduction strategies and statements of licensing policy...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047384/enhancing-evidence-based-diabetes-and-chronic-disease-control-among-local-health-departments-a-multi-phase-dissemination-study-with-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial-component
#20
Renee G Parks, Rachel G Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A Baker, Katherine A Stamatakis, Allison R Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H Chin, Jenine K Harris, Maureen Dobbins, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be prevented through implementation of evidence-based programs and policies (EBPPs). Local health departments (LHDs) are uniquely positioned to implement diabetes control EBPPs because of their knowledge of, and focus on, community-level needs, contexts, and resources. There is a significant gap, however, between known diabetes control EBPPs and actual diabetes control activities conducted by LHDs...
October 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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