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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912624/the-effect-of-graphic-warnings-on-sugary-drink-purchasing
#1
Grant E Donnelly, Laura Y Zatz, Dan Svirsky, Leslie K John
Governments have proposed text warning labels to decrease consumption of sugary drinks-a contributor to chronic diseases such as diabetes. However, they may be less effective than more evocative, graphic warning labels. We field-tested the effectiveness of graphic warning labels (vs. text warning labels, calorie labels, and no labels), provided insight into psychological mechanisms driving effectiveness, and assessed consumer sentiment. Study 1 indicated that graphic warning labels reduced the share of sugary drinks purchased in a cafeteria from 21...
June 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911820/at-a-glance-hospitalizations-and-emergency-department-visits-due-to-opioid-poisoning-in-canada
#2
Shannon O'Connor, Vera Grywacheski, Krista Louie
The rise in opioid-related harms is an issue of increasing public health importance in Canada. This analysis used data from the Hospital Morbidity Database and the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System to determine the number of opioid poisoning hospitalizations and emergency department visits in Canada. Opioid poisoning hospitalizations have increased over the past 10 years, reaching 15.6 per 100 000 population in 2016/17. Emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning have also increased in Alberta and Ontario, the two provinces that collect emergency department data at the level of detail required for this analysis...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911652/building-the-evidence-for-crps-research-from-a-lived-experience-perspective
#3
Colleen M Johnston, Florin I Oprescu, Marion Gray
Background and aims Pain is known to be a subjective experience yet the majority of pain related research does not address the lived experience of the condition. Difficult to diagnose, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is often poorly managed. The aim of this paper was to identify and synthesise the currently available literature on experiences of living with chronic pain in order to understand where and how CRPS research may be best situated in the future. Methods A narrative review was performed and ProQuest, EBSCO, Informit, Scopus/Science Direct and Web of Science, Medline, CINHAL and Google Scholar were searched in order to identify the literature from 1998 until 2015...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911058/prevalence-of-soft-tissue-lesions-among-women-in-sex-work-in-the-red-light-area-of-pune-india-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Sanaa Wadwan, Noopur Rajiv Joglekar, Shanthi Margabandhu
Aim and Objective: The women in sex work have no felt need for oral health and much of the stress has always been on sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is a need for a baseline data for the oral lesions of these women to further assist in the policy formulations and training of personnel for the identification of the oral conditions which need treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of oral lesions among female sex workers in the red light area of Pune, India...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908019/health-needs-and-priorities-of-syrian-refugees-in-camps-and-urban-settings-in-jordan-perspectives-of-refugees-and-health-care-providers
#5
Tala Al-Rousan, Zaker Schwabkey, Lara Jirmanus, Brett D Nelson
Background: The United Nations has declared the Syrian refugee crisis to be the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era. Neighbouring countries, such as Jordan, strain to meet the health needs of Syrian refugees in addition to their own citizens given limited resources. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the perspectives of Syrian refugees in Jordan, Jordanian health care providers and other stakeholders in addressing the public health issues of the refugee crisis...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907802/evaluating-the-role-of-public-health-in-implementation-of-genomics-related-recommendations-a-case-study-of-hereditary-cancers-using-the-cdc-science-impact-framework
#6
REVIEW
Ridgely Fisk Green, Mary Ari, Katherine Kolor, W David Dotson, Scott Bowen, Nancy Habarta, Juan L Rodriguez, Lisa C Richardson, Muin J Khoury
Public health plays an important role in ensuring access to interventions that can prevent disease, including the implementation of evidence-based genomic recommendations. We used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Science Impact Framework to trace the impact of public health activities and partnerships on the implementation of the 2009 Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention (EGAPP) Lynch Syndrome screening recommendation and the 2005 and 2013 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing recommendations...
June 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907323/taking-the-measure-of-the-profession-physician-associations-in-the-measurement-age
#7
REVIEW
Baruch Levi, Amos Zehavi, David Chinitz
Systematic measurement of healthcare services enables evaluation of health professionals' quality of work. Whereas policy makers find measurement a useful mechanism for quality improvement, a public choice perspective implies that physicians would resent such an initiative, which undermines their professional autonomy. In this article, we compare two healthcare systems of economically developed countries - Israel and the UK. Both systems share common features such as universal coverage, strong state intervention, and enthusiasm for New Public Management...
June 8, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907254/recent-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-detection-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-sensu-lato-in-human-and-intermediate-hosts-for-use-in-control-and-elimination-programs
#8
Weerachai Saijuntha, Kanyarat Duenngai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Trevor N Petney, Ross H Andrews, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Opisthorchiasis is a neglected tropical disease, caused by infection with the fish-borne trematode Opisthorchis viverrini sensu lato that afflicts more than 10million people in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia. The disease is characterized by a chronic infection that induces hepatobiliary inflammation, especially periductal fibrosis, which can be detected by ultrasonography. This chronic inflammation eventually leads to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a usually fatal bile duct cancer that develops in approximately 1% of O...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906287/a-combination-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-methods-in-investigating-risk-factors-for-lost-to-follow-up-for-tuberculosis-treatment-in-japan-are-physicians-and-nurses-at-a-particular-risk
#9
Lisa Kawatsu, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Akihiro Ohkado, Seiya Kato
BACKGROUND: The treatment success rate of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients aged 64 years and below in Japan, a tuberculosis (TB) middle-burden country with a notification of 13.9 per 100,000 populations in 2016, has been fluctuating around 70% for some years. In order to improve treatment outcome, it is critical to address those lost to follow-up (LTFU). The objective of the study therefore was to describe the characteristics of, and analyze the risk factors for those LTFU among pulmonary TB patients aged between 15 and 64, and discuss policy implications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905855/public-private-partnerships-in-practice-collaborating-to-improve-health-finance-policy-in-ghana-and-kenya
#10
Lauren Suchman, Elizabeth Hart, Dominic Montagu
Social health insurance (SHI), one mechanism for achieving universal health coverage, has become increasingly important in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as they work to achieve this goal. Although small private providers supply a significant proportion of healthcare in LMICs, integrating these providers into SHI systems is often challenging. Public-private partnerships in health are one way to address these challenges, but we know little about how these collaborations work, how effectively, and why...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904730/surveillance-and-epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-infections-consortium-sedric-supporting-the-transition-from-strategy-to-action
#11
Keiji Fukuda, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Iruka N Okeke, Nandini Shetty, Rogier van Doorn, Nicholas A Feasey, Francesca Chiara, Ghada Zoubiane, Tim Jinks, Julian Parkhill, Jean Patel, Stuart W J Reid, Alison H Holmes, Sharon J Peacock
In recognition of the central importance of surveillance and epidemiology in the control of antimicrobial resistance and the need to strengthen surveillance at all levels, Wellcome has brought together a new international expert group SEDRIC (Surveillance and Epidemiology of Drug Resistant Infections Consortium). SEDRIC aims to advance and transform the ways of tracking, sharing and analysing rates of infection and drug resistance, burden of disease, information on antibiotic use, opportunities for preventative measures such as vaccines, and contamination of the environment...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904370/vitamin-d-supplementation-guidelines-for-general-population-and-groups-at-risk-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-poland-recommendations-of-the-polish-society-of-pediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-and-the-expert-panel-with-participation-of-national-specialist-consultants
#12
REVIEW
Agnieszka Rusińska, Paweł Płudowski, Mieczysław Walczak, Maria K Borszewska-Kornacka, Artur Bossowski, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Anna Dobrzańska, Edward Franek, Ewa Helwich, Teresa Jackowska, Maria A Kalina, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Janusz Książyk, Andrzej Lewiński, Jacek Łukaszkiewicz, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Artur Mazur, Izabela Michałus, Jarosław Peregud-Pogorzelski, Hanna Romanowska, Marek Ruchała, Piotr Socha, Mieczysław Szalecki, Mirosław Wielgoś, Danuta Zwolińska, Arkadiusz Zygmunt
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is an important public health problem worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency confers a significant risk for both skeletal and non-skeletal disorders and a number of lifelong negative health outcomes. The objectives of this evidence-based guidelines document are to provide health care professionals in Poland, an updated recommendation for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Methods: A systematic literature search examining the prevention and treatment strategies for vitamin D deficiency was conducted...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904224/the-global-burden-of-kidney-disease-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#13
Valerie A Luyckx, Marcello Tonelli, John W Stanifer
Kidney disease has been described as the most neglected chronic disease. Reliable estimates of the global burden of kidney disease require more population-based studies, but specific risks occur across the socioeconomic spectrum from poverty to affluence, from malnutrition to obesity, in agrarian to post-industrial settings, and along the life course from newborns to older people. A range of communicable and noncommunicable diseases result in renal complications and many people who have kidney disease lack access to care...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903789/prevalence-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-nanjing-adults-in-china
#14
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903177/-concentration-of-red-blood-cell-folate-and-the-analysis-of-folic-acid-supplement-optimum-time-and-dose-in-first-trimester
#15
Yue Teng, Jingmiao Hu, Shan Dong, Lixia Zhang, Xin Lu, Haishan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To have a knowledge of prevalent red blood cell folate concentration in Beijing and analyzes optimum time and dose of folic acid supplement. To provide the basis data for making public health policy and clinical consultation. METHODS: This study included 3458 pregnant women who visited nutrition outpatient of the Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing in first trimester. Their last menstrual period is between 1st Feb 2014 and 31 st Jan 2016...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903010/a-population-based-study-of-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-status-on-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-in-taiwan
#16
Chi-Chen Wu, Ching-Heng Lin, Han-Sun Chiang, Ming-Je Tang
BACKGROUND: Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes and their links to socioeconomic status (SES) have been intensively studied. A relatively low incidence rate and a high proportion of late-stage diagnosis have been documented in studies of Asian populations. For the past 20 years, the trend in the growth of PCa cases in Taiwan was opposite to that of Western countries. However, there is a striking paucity of local studies on these important issues. To mitigate this gap in knowledge, we exploited two population databases to investigate the impact of SES on PCa incidence rate and stage at diagnosis...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902978/inequities-in-coverage-of-smokefree-outdoor-space-policies-within-the-united-states-school-grounds-and-playgrounds
#17
Christopher Lowrie, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public spaces. Smokefree outdoor spaces reduce secondhand smoke exposure and de-normalize smoking. METHODS: After previously publishing a study of smokefree indoor and outdoor space policies, it was brought to the authors' attention that the dataset used in analyses was incomplete (Lowrie et al...
June 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902591/from-cause-to-care-triple-surveillance-for-better-outcomes-in-birth-defects-and-rare-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Lorenzo D Botto, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
Better outcomes are a priority for all those who care about birth defects and rare diseases. Public health surveillance and epidemiologic data tracking historically have provided good data on disease occurrence but at most uncertain value in promoting better outcomes, be these in terms of supporting primary prevention or better care. We propose three enhancements to improve the value of surveillance. First, merge: eliminate the largely artificial separation between birth defects and rare diseases in surveillance...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902259/the-economic-burden-of-inpatient-care-of-depression-in-poznan-poland-and-kiel-germany-in-2016
#19
Tomasz Zaprutko, Robert Göder, Krzysztof Kus, Wiktor Pałys, Filip Rybakowski, Elżbieta Nowakowska
Depression is a global health problem associated with a significant public health burden and costs. Although studies on costs of diseases are being considered as an increasingly important factor for health policies, information concerning costs of inpatient care of depression is still insufficient. Thus, the main aim of this study was to evaluate costs of hospitalization of patients treated in 2016 in psychiatric clinics in Poznan (Poland) and in Kiel (Germany) and to analyze treatment used in these centers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902233/evaluating-the-expected-effects-of-disclosure-of-patient-safety-incidents-using-hypothetical-cases-in-korea
#20
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Min-Woo Jo, Sang-Il Lee
To introduce disclosure of patient safety incidents (DPSI) into a specific country, evidence of the effectiveness of DPSI is essential. Since such a disclosure policy has not been adopted in South Korea, hypothetical cases can be used to measure the effectiveness of DPSI. We evaluated the effectiveness of DPSI using hypothetical cases in a survey with a sample of the Korean general public. We used 8 hypothetical cases reflecting 3 conditions: the clarity of medical errors, the severity of harm, and conducting DPSI...
2018: PloS One
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