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Qifeng Li, Yueqing Zhang, Yonglong Lu, Pei Wang, Sarvajayakesavalu Suriyanarayanan, Jing Meng, Yunqiao Zhou, Ruoyu Liang, Kifayatullah Khan
Xiaoqing River, located in the Laizhou Bay of Bohai Sea, is heavily polluted by various pollutants including heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), bisphenol A (BPA) and pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs). The aim of this study is to identify the relative risks of such contaminants that currently affect the coastal ecosystem. The median and highest concentrations of PFAAs and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) were 3.23 μg L-1 and 325...
April 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Mengchen Xu, Zhaohao Cui, Lining Zhao, Shimeng Hu, Wansong Zong, Rutao Liu
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) have effects on human health by inducing oxidative stress and catalase (CAT) is a vital enzyme involved in protection against oxidative damage. The interactions of PFOA and PFOS with CAT were investigated by using biophysical methods including spectroscopic techniques, molecular docking and enzyme activity measurements. UV-visible, circular dichroism (CD) and resonance light scattering (RLS) spectroscopy results showed that the structure and conformation of CAT were changed by PFOA and PFOS...
April 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Meng Chen, Qiang Wang, Guoqiang Shan, Lingyan Zhu, Liping Yang, Menglin Liu
There are many studies about the occurrence of legacy perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in fresh water ecosystem, but related information about emerging per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is limited. In this study, along with ten legacy PFAAs, twelve non-PFAAs, including precursors of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and emerging PFASs in the water, sediment and organisms in Taihu Lake, China, were investigated. As one replacement product of PFOS, perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS) (mean: 69.3ng/L) was the predominant PFAA in the water samples...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Juan Pedro Arrebola, Argelia Castaño, Marta Esteban, Mónica Bartolomé, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Juan José Ramos
Diet is considered the main source of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exposure in the general population, although there are still several gaps of knowledge regarding the differential contribution of main food groups. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns that contribute to human exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs). Study population (n=1880, 18-65years old) was recruited during 2009-2010 in all the main geographical areas of Spain...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Eva Govarts, Nina Iszatt, Tomas Trnovec, Marijke de Cock, Merete Eggesbø, Lubica Palkovicova Murinova, Margot van de Bor, Mònica Guxens, Cécile Chevrier, Gudrun Koppen, Marja Lamoree, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Aitana Lertxundi, Joan O Grimalt, Maties Torrent, Fernando Goñi-Irigoyen, Roel Vermeulen, Juliette Legler, Greet Schoeters
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is evidence that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have developmental effects at environmental concentrations. We investigated whether some EDCs are associated with the adverse birth outcome Small for Gestational Age (SGA). METHODS: We used PCB 153, p,p'-DDE, HCB, PFOS and PFOA measured in maternal, cord blood or breast milk samples of 5446 mother-child pairs (subset of 693 for the perfluorinated compounds) from seven European birth cohorts (1997-2012)...
March 29, 2018: Environment International
Anne-Cathrin Behr, Dajana Lichtenstein, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen, Thorsten Buhrke
The perfluoroalkylated substances (PFAS) perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) are used for the fabrication of water- and dirt-repellent surfaces. The use of PFOS and PFOA was restricted due to their reprotoxic properties and their environmental persistence. Therefore, industry switches to alternative PFAS, however, in contrast to PFOA and PFOS only few toxicological data are available for their substitutes. The molecular mechanism(s) underlying reproductive toxicity of PFOA and PFOS are largely unknown...
March 27, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Mary Jo Weiss-Errico, Jaroslava Miksovska, Kevin E O'Shea
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a persistent organic pollutant known to cause adverse health effects, strongly binds to human serum albumin (HSA). β-Cyclodextrin (β-CD), a non-toxic cyclic sugar, strongly complexes PFOA in a host-guest complex, and has been proposed for environmental remediation of PFOA. The interactions between HSA, PFOA, and β-CD were investigated in order to determine if β-CD can reverse the binding of PFOA to HSA, with potential therapeutic applications towards exposure to PFOA.19 F Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), circular dichroism, and fluorescence spectroscopies were used to study these interactions...
March 28, 2018: Chemical Research in Toxicology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Jing Meng, Tieyu Wang, Shuai Song, Pei Wang, Qifeng Li, Yunqiao Zhou, Yonglong Lu
With the shift of fluorine chemical industry from developed countries to China and increasing demand for fluorine chemical products, occurrence of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in production and application areas has attracted more attention. In this study, 153 soil samples were collected from 21 cities along the urbanizing coastal area of the Bohai and Yellow Seas. PFASs in this area were relatively higher, compared with other study areas. The concentrations ranged from 2.76 to 64.0 ng g-1 , and those in most sites were between 2...
March 24, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Yi Gu, Ming Guo, Da Lü, Ping Hou, Xinxin Yin
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) has been used to establish the analytical method of interaction between pentadecafluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and human serum albumin (HSA). Under the physiological conditions, the interaction model of PFOA and HSA were constructed. Mobility method, plug-plug kinetic (PPK) method and simplified Hummel-Dreyer method were used to determine the interaction between derivatives and HSA. Non-linear regression, Scatchard equation and Klotz equation were adopted to obtain the interaction parameters...
January 8, 2018: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Patrice Dufour, Catherine Pirard, Marie-Christine Seghaye, Corinne Charlier
The last decades have seen the increasing prevalence of thyroid disorders. These augmentations could be the consequence of the increasing contamination of the environment by chemicals that may disrupt the thyroid function. Indeed, in vitro studies have shown that many chemicals contaminating our environment and highlighted in human serum, are able to interfere with the thyroid function. Given the crucial importance of thyroid hormones on neurodevelopment in fetus and newborns, the influence of these pollutants on newborn thyroid homeostasis is a major health concern...
March 23, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Vinit K Mittal, Carla A Ng
A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) in rainbow trout has been updated to include formation of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from the biotransformation of 8:2 fluorotelomer carboxylic acid (8:2 FTCA). The updated model is dynamic and simulates both uptake and depuration phases. Two empirical studies are used to parameterize and test the model. In the first case, parameters related to fecal elimination and protein binding were optimized. In the second case, parameters were sourced either from literature or from optimized values based on the first study to test model performance...
March 15, 2018: Chemosphere
Longfei Liu, Yanli Liu, Chengliang Li, Rong Ji, Xiaofei Tian
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are often used as adsorbent because of their strong adsorption capacity. However, due to the nature of MWCNTs, their ability to adsorb perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a highly hydrophobic pollutant, is low. In this study, MWCNTs were modified by three nano metal oxides (nano iron oxide, copper oxide, and zinc oxide). The pristine (as the control) and modified MWCNTs were characterized by BET-N2 , TEM, FTIR, XPS, and XRD, which showed that nano metal oxides were well hybridized on the surface of MWCNTs...
March 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lei Li, Hongyuan Zheng, Tieyu Wang, Minghong Cai, Pei Wang
The bioaccumulative, persistent and toxic properties of long-chain perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) resulted in strict regulations on PFAAs, especially in developed countries. Consequently, the industry manufacturing of PFAAs shifts from long-chain to short-chain. In order to better understand the pollution situation of PFAAs in marine environment under this new circumstance, the occurrence of 17 linear PFAAs was investigated in 30 surface seawater samples from the North Pacific to Arctic Ocean (123°E to 24°W, 32 to 82°N) during the sixth Chinese Arctic Expedition in 2014...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Yunqiao Zhou, Tieyu Wang, Qifeng Li, Pei Wang, Lei Li, Shuqin Chen, Yueqing Zhang, Kifayatullah Khan, Jing Meng
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are being increasingly reported as emerging contaminants in riverine and marine settings. This study investigated the contamination level and spatial distribution of 17 PFAAs within the depth profile of the Bohai and Yellow Seas using newly detected sampling data from 49 sites (June 29 to July 14, 2016). Moreover, the riverine flux of 11 selected PFAAs in 33 rivers draining into the Bohai and Yellow Seas was estimated from previous studies (2002-2014) in order to establish the relationship between riverine sources and marine sinks...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Longfei Liu, Deyun Li, Chengliang Li, Rong Ji, Xiaofei Tian
Due to considerable application of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and its refractory degradation, the widespread distribution of PFOA has already resulted in its' risks to environment and organisms. However, the intrinsic characteristic of pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) limited their application for removing PFOA from aqueous medium. Therefore, three nano-metals (nano-crystalline iron, copper and zinc) grafted MWCNTs were synthesized and characterized by BET-N2 , TEM, FTIR, XPS and XRD as well as MWCNTs (as the control treatment) in this study...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ryu Miura, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Sachiko Kobayashi, Shu-Li Wang, Chung-Hsing Chen, Kunio Miyake, Mayumi Ishizuka, Yusuke Iwasaki, Yoichi M Ito, Takeo Kubota, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) influences fetal development and later in life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cord blood DNA methylation changes associated with prenatal exposure to PFASs. METHODS: We assessed DNA methylation in cord blood samples from 190 mother-child pairs from the Sapporo cohort of the Hokkaido Study (discovery cohort) and from 37 mother-child pairs from the Taiwan Maternal and Infant Cohort Study (replication cohort) using the Illumina HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip...
March 12, 2018: Environment International
Regina Wing Shan Sit, Keith Kwok Wai Chan, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Daisy Dexing Zhang, Kenneth Dean Reeves, Ying Ho Chan, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common, disabling and costly medical condition. The patellofemoral joint is a critical source of pain in individuals with KOA, and coexistence of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) and tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (TFOA) is sometimes observed. The identification of subgroups with PFOA and customised interventions to correct underlying pathomechanics is beneficial for individuals with KOA. This study aims to evaluate whether a clinic-based patella mobilisation therapy (PMT) leads to significant improvement in pain, physical function and quality of life of individuals with KOA...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Sahar Dalahmeh, Sana Tirgani, Allan John Komakech, Charles B Niwagaba, Lutz Ahrens
Occurrence and concentrations of 26 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were evaluated in wastewater, surface water, soil and crop plants (yam (Dioscorea spp.), maize (Zea mays) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)) in Nakivubo wetland and Lake Victoria at Kampala, Uganda. ∑PFAS concentrations in effluent from Bugolobi wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) were higher (5.6-9.1ngL-1 ) than in the corresponding influent (3.4-5.1ngL-1 ), indicating poor removal of PFASs within the WWTP. ∑PFAS concentrations decreased by a factor of approximately five between Nakivubo channel (8...
March 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Emily S Larson, Jason M Conder, Jennifer A Arblaster
Releases of Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) associated with Aqueous Film Forming Foams (AFFFs) have the potential to impact on-site and downgradient aquatic habitats. Dietary exposures of aquatic-dependent birds were modeled for seven PFASs (PFHxA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFHxS, PFOS, and PFDS) using five different scenarios based on measurements of PFASs obtained from five investigations of sites historically-impacted by AFFF. Exposure modeling was conducted for four avian receptors representing various avian feeding guilds: lesser scaup (Aythya affinis), spotted sandpiper (Actitis macularia), great blue heron (Ardea herodias), and osprey (Pandion haliaetus)...
March 2, 2018: Chemosphere
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