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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240874/wheat-genetic-resources-in-the-post-genomics-era-promise-and-challenges
#1
Awais Rasheed, Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi, Francis Chuks Ogbonnaya, Zhonghu He, Sanjaya Rajaram
Background: Wheat genetic resources have been used for genetic improvement since 1876, when Stephen Wilson (Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh 12: 286) consciously made the first wide hybrid involving wheat and rye in Scotland. Wide crossing continued with sporadic attempts in the first half of 19th century and became a sophisticated scientific discipline during the last few decades with considerable impact in farmers' fields. However, a large diversity of untapped genetic resources could contribute in meeting future wheat production challenges...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240466/developing-an-infrastructure-to-support-clinical-academic-careers
#2
Karen Strickland
Research and evidence-based practice underpins the delivery of high-quality patient care. Developing the research capacity and capability of nurses, midwives and allied health professionals requires a robust emphasis and the necessary support infrastructure to encourage and develop practitioners to follow a clinical academic career pathway. Clinical academic partnerships between higher education and healthcare institutions can offer a blend of required expertise with mutual benefits. This article reports on a recent Florence Nightingale Foundation and Council of Deans of Health Leadership Scholarship improvement project to establish an infrastructure to support the development of clinical academic roles to enhance the provision of evidence-based patient care in the North East of Scotland...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239665/health-and-hierarchy-soldiers-civilians-and-mental-healthcare-in-scotland-1914-34
#3
Jennifer Farquharson
During the First World War injured servicemen were constructed as a better class of patient than civilians, and their care was prioritized in social and political discourses. For the mentally disordered servicemen themselves, however, these distinctions were permeable and transient. This article will challenge the reality of the 'privileged' service patient in civil asylums in Scotland. By examining the impact of the war on asylum structures, economies and patient health, this study will explore exactly which patients were valued in these difficult years...
December 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237046/exposure-to-contrast-media-in-the-perioperative-period-confers-no-additional-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-surgical-patients
#4
Ian Zealley, Huan Wang, Peter T Donnan, Samira Bell
Background: Iodinated contrast media (CM) used in angiography and computed tomography (CT) scans is an important cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients undergoing surgery. Contrast-induced nephropathy leads to AKI soon after CM administration. The aim of the study was to determine whether the timing of contrast media exposure related to diagnostic imaging during the immediate perioperative period influences the risk of post-operative AKI. Methods: All patients aged 18 years or above who underwent diagnostic imaging within 7 days of non-cardiac surgery between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2013 in the Tayside region of Scotland, UK were included in the analysis...
December 9, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234505/mental-health-law-across-the-uk
#5
EDITORIAL
Tony Zigmond
The criteria governing medical treatment without consent in the three legal jurisdictions of the UK - England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - is discussed.
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230558/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-europe-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Gail Gilchrist, Gabriele Fischer, Avril Taylor, Jacek Moskalewicz, Cinzia Giammarchi, Birgit Köchl, Alison Munro, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, April Shaw, Lucia Di Furia, Isabella Leeb, Caroline Hopf, Marta Torrens
Women who inject drugs (WWID) are an especially vulnerable group of drug users. This study determined the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity and intimate partrner violence (IPV), and factors associated with psychiatric comorbidity among WWID recruited from drug treatment services (67%) and harm reduction services in five European regions in Austria, Catalonia, Italy, Poland, and Scotland. Psychiatric comorbidity was assessed among 226 WWID using the Dual Diagnosis Screening Instrument. IPV was assessed using the Composite Abuse Scale and injecting and sexual risk behaviors were assessed using a battery of questionnaires adapted and developed for the study...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230402/animal-health-surveillance-in-scotland-in-2030-using-scenario-planning-to-develop-strategies-in-the-context-of-brexit
#7
Lisa A Boden, Harriet Auty, Aaron Reeves, Gustaf Rydevik, Paul Bessell, Iain J McKendrick
Animal health surveillance is necessary to protect human and animal health, rural economies, and the environment from the consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks. In Scotland, since the Kinnaird review in 2011, efforts have been made to engage with stakeholders to ensure that the strategic goals of surveillance are better aligned with the needs of the end-users and other beneficiaries. The aims of this study were to engage with Scottish surveillance stakeholders and multidisciplinary experts to inform the future long-term strategy for animal health surveillance in Scotland...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229653/investigation-of-time-to-first-presentation-and-extrahospital-factors-in-the-treatment-of-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#8
Peng Yong Sim, Sonul Gajree, Baljean Dhillon, Shyamanga Borooah
OBJECTIVES: To assess the time from symptom onset to treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD) and to measure the awareness of AMD in Southeast Scotland. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Secondary care, Southeast of Scotland. METHODS: Patients treated with intravitreal therapy (IVT) for nvAMD in Southeast Scotland between 2013 and 2015 were identified using a treatment register...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229285/svepm-2017-recent-developments-and-contemporary-foci-in-veterinary-epidemiology-and-economics-society-of-veterinary-epidemiology-and-preventive-medicine-conference-inverness-scotland-29-31-march-2017
#9
EDITORIAL
K Marie McIntyre, Bart H P van den Borne, Francisco F Calvo-Artavia, Gerdien van Schaik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224459/dietary-patterns-of-households-in-scotland-differences-by-level-of-deprivation-and-associations-with-dietary-goals
#10
S Whybrow, Lca Craig, J I Macdiarmid
BACKGROUND: Foods tend to be consumed in combinations, and dietary pattern analysis and diet-quality scores are often more appropriate methods of assessing overall diet quality than is intakes of individual foods or nutrients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary patterns from the food and drink purchases of households in Scotland, and to identify any dietary patterns that were associated with closer adherence to the Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland (RDGS)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222998/experiences-of-connectivity-and-severance-in-the-wake-of-a-new-motorway-implications-for-health-and-well-being
#11
Amy Nimegeer, Hilary Thomson, Louise Foley, Shona Hilton, Fiona Crawford, David Ogilvie
The construction of new urban roads may cause severance, or the separation of residents from local amenities or social networks. Using qualitative data from a natural experimental study, we examined severance related to a new section of urban motorway constructed through largely deprived residential neighbourhoods in Glasgow, Scotland. Semi-structured and photo-elicitation interviews were used to better understand severance and connectivity related to the new motorway, and specifically implications for individual and community-level health and well-being through active travel and social connections...
November 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222119/england-s-nhs-could-learn-a-lot-from-scotland
#12
Nigel Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221645/primary-care-led-weight-management-for-remission-of-type-2-diabetes-direct-an-open-label-cluster-randomised-trial
#13
Michael Ej Lean, Wilma S Leslie, Alison C Barnes, Naomi Brosnahan, George Thom, Louise McCombie, Carl Peters, Sviatlana Zhyzhneuskaya, Ahmad Al-Mrabeh, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Angela M Rodrigues, Lucia Rehackova, Ashley J Adamson, Falko F Sniehotta, John C Mathers, Hazel M Ross, Yvonne McIlvenna, Renae Stefanetti, Michael Trenell, Paul Welsh, Sharon Kean, Ian Ford, Alex McConnachie, Naveed Sattar, Roy Taylor
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disorder that requires lifelong treatment. We aimed to assess whether intensive weight management within routine primary care would achieve remission of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We did this open-label, cluster-randomised trial (DiRECT) at 49 primary care practices in Scotland and the Tyneside region of England. Practices were randomly assigned (1:1), via a computer-generated list, to provide either a weight management programme (intervention) or best-practice care by guidelines (control), with stratification for study site (Tyneside or Scotland) and practice list size (>5700 or ≤5700)...
December 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217720/likelihood-of-death-among-hospital-inpatients-in-new-zealand-prevalent-cohort-study
#14
Merryn Gott, Joanna Broad, Xian Zhang, Lene Jarlbaek, David Clark
OBJECTIVES: (1) To establish the likelihood of dying within 12 months for a cohort of hospital inpatients in New Zealand (NZ) on a fixed census date; (2) to identify associations between likelihood of death and key sociodemographic, diagnostic and service-related factors and (3) to compare results with, and extend findings of, a Scottish study undertaken for the same time period and census date. National databases of hospitalisations and death registrations were used, linked by unique health identifier...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217645/do-patients-who-die-from-an-alcohol-related-condition-drift-into-areas-of-greater-deprivation-alcohol-related-mortality-and-health-selection-theory-in-scotland
#15
Andrew Pulford, Ruth Gordon, Lesley Graham, James Lewsey, Gerry McCartney, Mark Robinson
BACKGROUND: Health selection has been proposed to explain the patterning of alcohol-related mortality by area deprivation. This study investigated whether persons who die from alcohol-related conditions are more likely to experience social drift than those who die from other causes. METHODS: Deaths recorded in Scotland (2013, >21 years) were coded as 'alcohol-related' or 'other' and by deprivation decile of residence at death. Acute hospital admissions data from 1996 to 2012 were used to provide premortality deprivation data...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214389/using-real-world-data-in-health-technology-assessment-hta-practice-a-comparative-study-of-five-hta-agencies
#16
Amr Makady, Ard van Veelen, Páll Jonsson, Owen Moseley, Anne D'Andon, Anthonius de Boer, Hans Hillege, Olaf Klungel, Wim Goettsch
BACKGROUND: Reimbursement decisions are conventionally based on evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), which often have high internal validity but low external validity. Real-world data (RWD) may provide complimentary evidence for relative effectiveness assessments (REAs) and cost-effectiveness assessments (CEAs). This study examines whether RWD is incorporated in health technology assessment (HTA) of melanoma drugs by European HTA agencies, as well as differences in RWD use between agencies and across time...
December 6, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209940/epidemiological-changes-in-rubella-igg-antibody-levels-detected-in-antenatal-women-from-a-retrospective-rubella-seroprevalence-study
#17
Ciara O'Connor, David Le Blanc, Richard J Drew
BACKGROUND: Rubella is caused by the rubella virus, a single-stranded RNA virus of the Togaviridae family. The most severe complications of rubella in adult women occur during pregnancy when infection can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth or congenital rubella syndrome. Antenatal rubella susceptibility screening is no longer performed in England, Scotland or Wales but continues in Northern Ireland. AIM: The aims of this seroprevalence study were to (1) determine amongst women presenting for antenatal care the percentage of women who are rubella susceptible, rubella immune and those with equivocal rubella antibody levels by year of birth and (2) to consider how rubella vaccination resources can best be utilised...
December 5, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208072/risk-based-strategies-for-surveillance-of-tuberculosis-infection-in-cattle-for-low-risk-areas-in-england-and-scotland
#18
L C M Salvador, M Deason, J Enright, P R Bessell, R R Kao
Disease surveillance can be made more effective by either improving disease detection, providing cost savings, or doing both. Currently, cattle herds in low-risk areas (LRAs) for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in England are tested once every 4 years. In Scotland, the default herd testing frequency is also 4 years, but a risk-based system exempts some herds from testing altogether. To extend this approach to other areas, a bespoke understanding of at-risk herds and how risk-based surveillance can affect bTB detection is required...
December 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205447/multivariate-space-time-modelling-of-multiple-air-pollutants-and-their-health-effects-accounting-for-exposure-uncertainty
#19
Guowen Huang, Duncan Lee, E Marian Scott
The long-term health effects of air pollution are often estimated using a spatio-temporal ecological areal unit study, but this design leads to the following statistical challenges: (1) how to estimate spatially representative pollution concentrations for each areal unit; (2) how to allow for the uncertainty in these estimated concentrations when estimating their health effects; and (3) how to simultaneously estimate the joint effects of multiple correlated pollutants. This article proposes a novel 2-stage Bayesian hierarchical model for addressing these 3 challenges, with inference based on Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation...
December 4, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204104/assessing-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-care-measure-in-sexual-health-nurses-consultations
#20
Annemieke P Bikker, Bridie Fitzpatrick, Douglas Murphy, Lorraine Forster, Stewart W Mercer
Background: Increasingly healthcare policies emphasise the importance of person-centred, empathic care. Consequently, healthcare professionals are expected to demonstrate the 'human' aspects of care in training and in practice. The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure is a patient-rated measure of the interpersonal skills of healthcare practitioners. It has been widely validated for use by healthcare professionals in both primary and secondary care. This paper reports on the validity and reliability of the CARE Measure with sexual health nurses...
2017: BMC Nursing
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