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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027508/practice-based-small-group-learning-pbsgl-in-scotland-a-survey-of-registered-pharmacy-staff-and-general-practice-nurses
#1
David E Cunningham, Leon Zlotos
INTRODUCTION: Practice-based small group learning (PBSGL) has grown in primary healthcare in Scotland, and is used regularly by 2244 GPs and GP specialist trainees. The programme has been available to general practice nurses (GPNs) and pharmacy staff since uni-professional and inter-professional pilot studies were considered successful. Growth has been slower compared to GPs uptake but has now reached significant levels. It seemed timely to evaluate the use of the programme by these professions...
October 13, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025829/is-an-opportunistic-primary-care-based-intervention-for-non-responders-to-bowel-screening-feasible-and-acceptable-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-in-scotland
#2
Natalia Calanzani, Debbie Cavers, Gabriele Vojt, Sheina Orbell, Robert J C Steele, Linda Brownlee, Steve Smith, Julietta Patnick, David Weller, Christine Campbell
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test whether a brief, opportunistic intervention in general practice was a feasible and acceptable way to engage with bowel screening non-responders. DESIGN: This was a feasibility study testing an intervention which comprised a brief conversation during routine consultation, provision of a patient leaflet and instructions to request a replacement faecal occult blood test kit. A mixed-methods approach to evaluation was adopted. Data were collected from proformas completed after each intervention, from the Bowel Screening Centre database and from questionnaires...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025398/should-community-health-workers-offer-support-healthcare-services-to-survivors-of-sexual-violence-a-systematic-review
#3
Anne Gatuguta, Barbra Katusiime, Janet Seeley, Manuela Colombini, Isaac Mwanzo, Karen Devries
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment. In low and middle-income countries, community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to provide support services to large numbers of survivors. The aim of this review was to document the role of CHWs in sexual violence services. We aimed to: 1) describe existing models of CHWs services including characteristics of CHWs, services delivered and populations served; 2) explore acceptability of CHWs' services to survivors and feasibility of delivering such services; and 3) document the benefits and challenges of CHW-provided sexual violence services...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025150/collection-and-determinants-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-haemodialysis-patients-in-scotland
#4
Ailish Nimmo, Samira Bell, Carol Brunton, Jacqueline Campbell, Arthur Doyle, Bruce MacKinnon, Robert K Peel, Susan Robertson, Ilona Shilliday, Elaine Spalding, Jamie P Traynor, Wendy Metcalfe
Background: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) can evaluate the quality of health in patients with established renal failure. There is limited experience of their use within national renal registries. Aim: To describe the Scottish Renal Registry's (SRR) experience of collecting PROMS in the haemodialysis population and correlate PROMS to demographic and clinical parameters. Design: Retrospective observational cross-sectional study. Methods: Haemodialysis patients in Scotland were invited to complete the KDQOL™-36 questionnaire on the day of the annual SRR census in 2015 and 2016...
September 18, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025058/cohort-profile-genetics-of-diabetes-audit-and-research-in-tayside-scotland-godarts
#5
Harry L Hébert, Bridget Shepherd, Keith Milburn, Abirami Veluchamy, Weihua Meng, Fiona Carr, Louise A Donnelly, Roger Tavendale, Graham Leese, Helen M Colhoun, Ellie Dow, Andrew D Morris, Alexander S Doney, Chim C Lang, Ewan R Pearson, Blair H Smith, Colin N A Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021950/population-levels-of-and-inequalities-in-active-travel-a-national-cross-sectional-study-of-adults-in-scotland
#6
Jonathan R Olsen, Richard Mitchell, Nanette Mutrie, Louise Foley, David Ogilvie
This study aimed to describe active travel (walking or cycling) in Scotland and explore potential demographic, geographic, and socio-economic inequalities in active travel. We extracted data for the period 2012-13 (39,585 journey stages) from the Scottish Household Survey. Survey travel diaries recorded all journeys made on the previous day by sampled individuals aged 16 + living within Scotland, and the stages within each journey. Descriptive statistics were calculated for journey stages, mode, purpose and distance...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020283/retrospective-cohort-study-of-breast-cancer-incidence-health-service-use-and-outcomes-in-europe-a-study-of-feasibility
#7
Linda J Williams, Eilidh Fletcher, Anne Douglas, Elaine D C Anderson, Alison McCallum, Colin R Simpson, Joel Smith, Tron Anders Moger, Mikko Peltola, Peter Mihalicza, Sofia Sveréus, Nicolas Zengarini, Harry Campbell, Sarah H Wild
Background: Comparisons of outcomes of health care in different systems can be used to inform health policy. The EuroHOPE (European Healthcare Outcomes, Performance and Efficiency) project investigated the feasibility of comparing routine data on selected conditions including breast cancer across participating European countries. Methods: Routine data on incidence, treatment and mortality by age and clinical characteristics for breast cancer in women over 24 years of age were obtained (for a calendar year) from linked hospital discharge records, cancer and death registers from Finland, the Turin metropolitan area, Scotland and Sweden (all 2005), Hungary (2006) and Norway (2009)...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018550/mental-capacity-legislation-in-the-uk-systematic-review-of-the-experiences-of-adults-lacking-capacity-and-their-carers
#8
REVIEW
Sam Wilson
Aims and method Capacity legislation in the UK allows substitute decision-making for adults lacking capacity. Research has explored the experiences of such adults and their carers in relation to the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000, and the Mental Capacity Act 2005 in England and Wales. A systematic review of the relevant research was performed using a framework method. Results The legislation provided mechanisms for substitute decision-making which were seen as useful, but there were negative experiences...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017943/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-non-mineral-oil-adjuvanted-injectable-vaccine-for-the-protection-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-against-flavobacterium-psychrophilum
#9
R Hoare, S-J Jung, T P H Ngo, K Bartie, J Bailey, K D Thompson, A Adams
Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the causative agent of Rainbow Trout Fry Syndrome which has had a major impact on global salmonid aquaculture. Recent outbreaks in Atlantic salmon in Scotland and Chile have added to the need for a vaccine to protect both salmon and trout. At present no licensed vaccines are available in Europe, leaving antibiotics as the only course of action to contain disease outbreaks. Outbreaks generally occur in fry at temperatures between 10 and 15 °C. Recently outbreaks in larger fish have given added impetus to the development of a vaccine which can provide long term protection from this highly heterogeneous pathogen...
October 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017578/family-integrated-care-ficare-in-level-ii-neonatal-intensive-care-units-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Karen M Benzies, Vibhuti Shah, Khalid Aziz, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Luz Palacio-Derflingher, Jeanne Scotland, Jill Larocque, Kelly Mrklas, Esther Suter, Christopher Naugler, Henry T Stelfox, Radha Chari, Abhay Lodha
BACKGROUND: Every year, about 15 million of the world's infants are born preterm (before 37 weeks gestation). In Alberta, the preterm birth rate was 8.7% in 2015, the second highest among Canadian provinces. Approximately 20% of preterm infants are born before 32 weeks gestation (early preterm), and require care in a Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); 80% are born moderate (32 weeks and zero days [32(0/7)] to 33(6/7) weeks) and late preterm (34(0/7) to 36(6/7) weeks), and require care in a Level II NICU...
October 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992912/voluntary-monitoring-systems-for-pig-health-and-welfare-in-the-uk-comparative-analysis-of-prevalence-and-temporal-patterns-of-selected-non-respiratory-post-mortem-conditions
#11
C Correia-Gomes, J I Eze, J Borobia-Belsué, A W Tucker, D Sparrow, D Strachan, G J Gunn
Collection of abattoir data related to public health is common worldwide. Standardised on-going programmes that collect information from abattoirs that inform producers about the presence and frequency of disease that are important to them rather than public health hazards are less common. The three voluntary pig health schemes, implemented in the United Kingdom, are integrated systems which capture information on different macroscopic disease conditions detected in slaughtered pigs. Many of these conditions have been associated with a reduction in performance traits and consequent increases in production costs...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990860/in-a-genomic-era-placental-pathology-still-holds-the-key-in-the-nondysmorphic-stillbirth
#12
Jamie Campbell, Kristy Armstrong, Nithiya Palaniappan, Eddy Maher, Mary Glancy, Mary Porteous, Kathryn J Mckenzie, Margaret J Evans
Objective To explore the relative utility of genetic testing in contrast to placental pathology in explaining causation of death in the structurally normal stillborn population. Methods A retrospective review of a structurally normal stillborn infant cohort in South East Scotland between 2011 and 2015, defined by death at or after 24 weeks of gestation. We reviewed pathology reports and collected demographic data on cases. This information was collated with genetic test results (quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction and microarray analysis) and placental pathology to create a database for analysis...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989979/haplotype-based-association-analysis-of-general-cognitive-ability-in-generation-scotland-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-and-uk-biobank
#13
David M Howard, Mark J Adams, Toni-Kim Clarke, Eleanor M Wigmore, Yanni Zeng, Saskia P Hagenaars, Donald M Lyall, Pippa A Thomson, Kathryn L Evans, David J Porteous, Reka Nagy, Caroline Hayward, Chris S Haley, Blair H Smith, Alison D Murray, G David Batty, Ian J Deary, Andrew M McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Cognitive ability is a heritable trait with a polygenic architecture, for which several associated variants have been identified using genotype-based and candidate gene approaches. Haplotype-based analyses are a complementary technique that take phased genotype data into account, and potentially provide greater statistical power to detect lower frequency variants. METHODS: In the present analysis, three cohort studies (n total = 48,002) were utilised: Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study (GS:SFHS), the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), and the UK Biobank...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989530/the-national-agenda-for-healthcare-associated-infection-antimicrobial-resistance-and-infection-prevention-and-control-in-scotland-structures-current-priorities-and-programmes
#14
Jacqui Reilly, Abigail Mullings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986520/regional-variation-in-health-is-predominantly-driven-by-lifestyle-rather-than-genetics
#15
Carmen Amador, Charley Xia, Réka Nagy, Archie Campbell, David Porteous, Blair H Smith, Nick Hastie, Veronique Vitart, Caroline Hayward, Pau Navarro, Chris S Haley
Regional differences in health-related phenotypes have been detected between and within countries. In Scotland, regions differ for a variety of health-related traits and display differences in mean lifespan of up to 7.5 years. Both genetics and lifestyle differences are potential causes of this variation. Using data on obesity-related traits of ~11,000 Scottish individuals with genome-wide genetic information and records of lifestyle and socioeconomic factors, we explored causes of regional variation by using models that incorporate genetic and environmental information jointly...
October 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986500/surveillance-in-scotland-and-northern-ireland-how-do-you-engage
#16
Hayley Atkin
Hayley Atkin, BVA policy officer, encourages vets in Scotland and Northern Ireland to help BVA understand how they engage with veterinary surveillance.
October 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985410/distribution-of-optometric-practices-relative-to-deprivation-index-in-scotland
#17
Robin Legge, Niall C Strang, Gunter Loffler
Background: The UK National Health Service aims to provide universal availability of healthcare, and eye-care availability was a primary driver in the development of the Scottish General Ophthalmic Services (GOS) model. Accordingly, a relatively equal distribution of optometry practices across socio-economic areas is required. We examined practice distribution relative to deprivation. Methods: 672 practices were sampled from nine Health Boards within Scotland. Practices were assigned a deprivation ranking by referencing their postcode with the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) tool (Scottish Executive National Statistics: General Report...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982722/differences-in-relative-and-absolute-effectiveness-of-oral-p2y-12-inhibition-in-men-and-women-a-meta-analysis-and-modelling-study
#18
Kuan Ken Lee, Nicky Welton, Anoop S Shah, Philip D Adamson, Sofia Dias, Atul Anand, David E Newby, Nicholas L Mills, David A McAllister
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the absolute treatment effects of newer P2Y12 inhibitors (ticagrelor and prasugrel) compared with clopidogrel in men and women with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomised controlled trials of oral P2Y12 inhibitors for acute stroke or ACS. Age-specific and sex-specific mortality was obtained for all patients admitted to hospital with myocardial infarction in Scotland from 2006 to 2010 (prior to introduction of prasugrel or ticagrelor)...
October 5, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979904/legacy-effect-of-statins-20-year-follow-up-of-the-west-of-scotland-coronary-prevention-study-woscops
#19
Mohammed Amin Kashef, Gregory Giugliano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976022/development-and-validation-of-prognostic-survival-models-in-newly-diagnosed-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Angus D Macleod, Ingvild Dalen, Ole-Bjørn Tysnes, Jan Petter Larsen, Carl E Counsell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop valid prognostic models to predict mortality, dependency, and "death or dependency" for use in newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: The models were developed in the Parkinsonism Incidence in North-East Scotland study (UK, 198 patients) and validated in the ParkWest study (Norway, 192 patients), cohorts that attempted to identify and follow-up all new PD cases in the study area. Dependency was defined using the Schwab & England scale...
October 4, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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