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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919936/smoking-cessation-interventions-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-comorbidities-an-observational-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#1
David N Blane, Daniel Mackay, Bruce Guthrie, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how smoking cessation practices in primary care differ for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who have different comorbidities. AIM: To determine the association between different patterns of comorbidity and smoking rates and smoking cessation interventions in primary care for patients with CHD. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of 81 456 adults with CHD in primary care in Scotland. METHOD: Details of eight concordant physical comorbidities, 23 discordant physical comorbidities, and eight mental health comorbidities were extracted from electronic health records between April 2006 and March 2007...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918267/outbreak-of-neisseria-meningitidis-capsular-group-w-among-scouts-returning-from-the-world-scout-jamboree-japan-2015
#2
Alison Smith-Palmer, Ken Oates, Diana Webster, Sarah Taylor, Kevin J Scott, Gemma Smith, Benjamin Parcell, Ann Lindstrand, Anders Wallensten, Hans Fredlund, Micael Widerström, Jim McMenamin
The 23rd World Scout Jamboree was held in Japan from 28 July to 8 August 2015 and was attended by over 33,000 scouts from 162 countries. An outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease capsular group W was investigated among participants, with four confirmed cases identified in Scotland, who were all associated with one particular scout unit, and two confirmed cases in Sweden; molecular testing showed the same strain to be responsible for illness in both countries. The report describes the public health action taken to prevent further cases and the different decisions reached with respect to how wide to extend the offer of chemoprophylaxis in the two countries; in Scotland, chemoprophylaxis was offered to the unit of 40 participants to which the four cases belonged and to other close contacts of cases, while in Sweden chemoprophylaxis was offered to all those returning from the Jamboree...
November 10, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918265/an-international-invasive-meningococcal-disease-outbreak-due-to-a-novel-and-rapidly-expanding-serogroup-w-strain-scotland-and-sweden-july-to-august-2015
#3
Jay Lucidarme, Kevin J Scott, Roisin Ure, Andrew Smith, Diane Lindsay, Bianca Stenmark, Susanne Jacobsson, Hans Fredlund, J Claire Cameron, Alison Smith-Palmer, Jim McMenamin, Steve J Gray, Helen Campbell, Shamez Ladhani, Jamie Findlow, Paula Mölling, Ray Borrow
The 23rd World Scout Jamboree in 2015 took place in Japan and included over 33,000 scouts from 162 countries. Within nine days of the meeting ending, six cases of laboratory-confirmed invasive serogroup W meningococcal disease occurred among scouts and their close contacts in Scotland and Sweden. The isolates responsible were identical to one-another by routine typing and, where known (4 isolates), belonged to the ST-11 clonal complex (cc11) which is associated with large outbreaks and high case fatality rates...
November 10, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916863/lipid-composition-of-oil-extracted-from-wasted-norway-lobster-nephrops-norvegicus-heads-and-comparison-with-oil-extracted-from-antarctic-krill-euphasia-superba
#4
Amaya Albalat, Lauren E Nadler, Nicholas Foo, James R Dick, Andrew J R Watts, Heather Philp, Douglas M Neil, Oscar Monroig
In the UK, the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) supports its most important shellfish fishery. Nephrops are sold either whole, or as "tails-only" for the scampi trade. In the "tailing" process, the "head" (cephalothorax) is discarded as waste. A smaller crustacean species, the Antarctic krill Euphasia superba, represents an economically valuable industry, as its extractable oil is sold as a human dietary supplement. The aim of this study was to determine the amount and composition of the oil contained in discarded Nephrops heads and to compare its composition to the oil extracted from krill...
December 1, 2016: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915259/-standing-outside-the-junkie-door-service-users-experiences-of-using-community-pharmacies-to-access-treatment-for-opioid-dependency
#5
Andrew Radley, Karen Melville, Phyllis Easton, Brian Williams, John F Dillon
AIM: To explore experiences of service users attending a community pharmacy to receive opiate replacement therapy (ORT). METHOD: Qualitative study involving seven focus groups undertaken within care centres and prison educational centre in Tayside, Scotland using 41 participants. Thematic analysis undertaken of experiences of different groups of service users and carers. RESULTS: Participants described the social context surrounding attendance at community pharmacies...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#6
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909383/the-nation-and-the-family-the-impact-of-national-identification-and-perceived-importance-of-family-values-on-homophobic-attitudes-in-lithuania-and-scotland
#7
Juliet R H Wakefield, Monika Kalinauskaite, Nick Hopkins
The meanings attached to the nation can be consequential for group members' attitudes and beliefs. We examined how national identity definition can influence the extent of individuals' homophobia with 159 Lithuanian and 176 Scottish university students who completed a questionnaire which measured their national identification, homophobia, and the extent to which they felt traditional family values were central to their nation's identity. Consistent with nation-wide differences in the significance given to the family, Lithuanian participants perceived family values to be more important for their national identity and expressed higher levels of homophobia than did Scottish participants...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908287/is-mid-life-social-participation-associated-with-cognitive-function-at-age-50-results-from-the-british-national-child-development-study-ncds
#8
Ann Bowling, Jitka Pikhartova, Brian Dodgeon
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that social engagement is associated with better cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to investigate associations between life-course social engagement (civic participation) and cognitive status at age 50, adjusting for social networks and support, behavioural, health, social and socio-economic characteristics. METHODS: The vehicle for the study was the National Child Development Study (1958 Birth Cohort Study), which is a general population sample in England, Scotland and Wales (9119: 4497 men and 4622 women) participating in nationally representative, prospective birth cohort surveys...
December 2, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907018/pregnancy-outcome-following-prenatal-diagnosis-of-chromosomal-anomaly-a-record-linkage-study-of-26-261-pregnancies
#9
Myrthe Jacobs, Sally-Ann Cooper, Ruth McGowan, Scott M Nelson, Jill P Pell
Previous studies have demonstrated the influence of changes in the age at which women give birth, and of developments in prenatal screening and diagnosis on the number of pregnancies diagnosed and terminated with chromosomal anomalies. However, we are unaware of any population studies examining pregnancy terminations after diagnosis of chromosomal anomalies that has included all aneuploidies and the influence of maternal factors. The aims of this study were to examine the association between results of prenatal tests and pregnancy termination, and the proportion of foetuses with and without chromosomal anomalies referred for invasive diagnostic tests over time...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905245/nhs-scotland-s-vision-for-nursing
#10
(no author information available yet)
NHS Scotland is nearing the end of a project to develop a 2030 Vision for Nursing, but there is still time for healthcare professionals to contribute. The aims of the project are to: » Draw up a strategy to maximise the nursing contribution to health and well-being. » Set out what nursing should look like by 2030. » Highlight what nurses do well and what needs to change.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905226/unison-launches-app-to-help-nurses-raise-concerns-about-patient-safety-and-staffing
#11
(no author information available yet)
Unison Scotland has launched a free app for nurses to raise concerns about patient care using their smartphones or tablets.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899176/ecosystem-uptake-and-transfer-of-sellafield-derived-radiocarbon-14-c-part-2-the-west-of-scotland
#12
Kieran M Tierney, Graham K P Muir, Gordon T Cook, Gillian MacKinnon, John A Howe, Johanna J Heymans, David J Hughes, Sheng Xu
Ecosystem uptake and transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon ((14)C) were examined within the West of Scotland marine environment. The dissolved inorganic carbon component of seawater, enriched in (14)C, is transported to the West of Scotland where it is transferred through the marine food web. Benthic and pelagic biota with variable life-spans living in the North Channel and Clyde Sea show comparable (14)C activities. This suggests that mixing of (14)C within the Irish Sea results in a relatively constant northwards dispersal of activity...
November 26, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899002/in-axial-spondyloarthritis-never-smokers-ex-smokers-and-current-smokers-show-a-gradient-of-increasing-disease-severity-results-from-the-scotland-registry-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-siras
#13
Gareth T Jones, Tiara Ratz, Linda E Dean, Gary J Macfarlane, Fabiola Atzeni
Objectives To examine the relationship between smoking, smoking cessation, and disease characteristics/quality of life (QoL) in spondyloarthritis. Methods The Scotland Registry for Ankylosing Spondylitis collects data from clinically diagnosed patients with spondyloarthritis. Clinical data, including Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis indices of disease activity (BASDAI) and function (BASFI), was obtained from medical records. Postal questionnaires provided information on smoking status and QoL (Ankylosing Spondylitis QoL questionnaire; ASQoL)...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895196/from-asylum-to-action-in-scotland-the-emergence-of-the-scottish-union-of-mental-patients-1971-2
#14
Mark Gallagher
By analysing a collection of documents authored by Thomas Ritchie, founder of the Scottish Union of Mental Patients (SUMP), this study recounts the emergence of mental patient unionism at Hartwood Hospital, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The discourse and action employed by Ritchie and SUMP are understood and situated in relation to intended audiences, social and material conditions of the asylum space, and transformations in cultures beyond the asylum, including nascent industrial strife, social liberalism, civil rights, the London 'underground' and counter-cultures...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895195/a-scottish-poor-law-of-lunacy-poor-law-lunacy-law-and-scotland-s-parochial-asylums
#15
Lauren Farquharson
Scotland's parochial asylums are unfamiliar institutional spaces. Representing the concrete manifestation of the collision between two spheres of legislation, the Poor Law and the Lunacy Law, six such asylums were constructed in the latter half of the nineteenth century. These sites expressed the enduring mandate of the Scottish Poor Law 1845 over the domain of 'madness'. They were institutions whose very existence was fashioned at the directive of the local arm of the Poor Law, the parochial board, and they constituted a continuing 'Scottish Poor Law of Lunacy'...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892229/unison-scotland-duty-of-care
#16
(no author information available yet)
Unison Scotland has launched an app that allows nurses and midwifes to register concerns about care in Scotland's hospitals.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892221/nurse-shortage-in-care-homes-critical
#17
(no author information available yet)
The care home sector in Scotland is facing an 'intolerable' shortage of nurses, with one in four nursing posts vacant, according to a new report.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890133/blood-sampling-two-sides-to-the-story
#18
Laura Pickup, Sarah Atkinson, Erik Hollnagel, Paul Bowie, Sandra Gray, Sam Rawlinson, Kate Forrester
This study aimed to investigate why there is variability in taking blood. A multi method Pilot study was completed in four National Health Service Scotland hospitals. Human Factors/Ergonomics principles were applied to analyse data from 50 observations, 15 interviews and 12-months of incident data from all Scottish hospitals. The Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) was used to understand why variability may influence blood sampling functions. The analysis of the 61 pre blood transfusion sampling incidents highlighted limitations in the data collected to understand factors influencing performance...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886517/organic-vs-functional-neurological-disorders-the-role-of-childhood-psychological-trauma
#19
Thanos Karatzias, Ruth Howard, Kevin Power, Florentina Socherel, Craig Heath, Alison Livingstone
Although the relationship between psychological trauma and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) is well established, this relationship is less well understood in people with medically unexplained neurological symptoms. In the present study, we set out to compare people with functional neurological disorders, and organic neurological disorders, in terms of childhood and adulthood traumatic events, traumatic stress, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We have hypothesised that those with functional neurological disorders would be more likely to report childhood and adulthood traumatic life events, traumatic symptomatology, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of anxiety and depression, compared to those with organic neurological disorders...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885844/guidance-to-manage-inappropriate-polypharmacy-in-older-people-systematic-review-and-future-developments
#20
Derek Stewart, Alpana Mair, Martin Wilson, Przemyslaw Kardas, Pawel Lewek, Albert Alonso, Jennifer McIntosh, Katie MacLure
Single disease state led evidence-based guidelines do not provide sufficient coverage of issues of multimorbidities, with the cumulative impact of recommendations often resulting in overwhelming medicines burden. Inappropriate polypharmacy increases the likelihood of adverse drug events, drug interactions and non-adherence. Areas covered: A detailed description of a pan-European initiative, 'Stimulating Innovation Management of Polypharmacy and Adherence in the Elderly, SIMPATHY', which is a project funded by the European Commission to support innovation across the European Union...
November 25, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
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