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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534030/combining-slaughterhouse-surveillance-data-with-cattle-tracing-scheme-and-environmental-data-to-quantify-environmental-risk-factors-for-liver-fluke-in-cattle
#1
Giles T Innocent, Lucy Gilbert, Edward O Jones, James E McLeod, George Gunn, Iain J McKendrick, Steve D Albon
Liver fluke infection causes serious disease (fasciolosis) in cattle and sheep in many regions of the world, resulting in production losses and additional economic consequences due to condemnation of the liver at slaughter. Liver fluke depends on mud snails as an intermediate host and infect livestock when ingested through grazing. Therefore, environmental factors play important roles in infection risk and climate change is likely to modify this. Here, we demonstrate how slaughterhouse data can be integrated with other data, including animal movement and climate variables to identify environmental risk factors for liver fluke in cattle in Scotland...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532940/effect-of-individual-level-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-long-term-survival-after-cataract-surgery-over-a%C3%A2-30-year%C3%A2-period
#2
Claudia Geue, Sven Jonuscheit
PURPOSE: To evaluate survival and the risk for mortality after cataract surgery in relation to individual-level and socioeconomic factors in Scotland over 3 decades. SETTING: Linked healthcare data, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Representative population-based study. METHODS: A 5% random sample of Scottish decedents linked to hospital records (1981 to 2012) was assessed. Survival time, survival probability, and determinants of mortality were evaluated after the first and second recorded hospital episodes for cataract surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531556/mercury-alkylation-in-freshwater-sediments-from-scottish-canals
#3
Olga Cavoura, C C Brombach, R Cortis, C M Davidson, Z Gajdosechova, H E Keenan, E M Krupp
Mercury concentrations were investigated in freshwater sediment from two canals in Scotland, UK. High concentrations found in the Union Canal (35.3-1200 mg kg(-1)) likely originate from historical munitions manufacture, with lower levels in the Forth & Clyde Canal (0.591-9.14 mg kg(-1)). Concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg) were low - from 6.02 to 18.6 μg kg(-1) (0.001-0.023% of total Hg) in the Union Canal and from 3.44 to 14.1 μg kg(-1) (0.11-0.58% of total Hg) in the Forth & Clyde Canal - and there was a significant inverse relationship between total Hg concentration and %MeHg...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526011/risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-survival-in-patients-treated-with-metformin-an-observational-cohort-study
#4
Samira Bell, Bassam Farran, Stuart McGurnaghan, Rory J McCrimmon, Graham P Leese, John R Petrie, Paul McKeigue, Naveed Sattar, Sarah Wild, John McKnight, Robert Lindsay, Helen M Colhoun, Helen Looker
BACKGROUND: Whether metformin precipitates lactic acidosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains under debate. We examined whether metformin use was associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) as a proxy for lactic acidosis and whether survival among those with AKI varied by metformin exposure. METHODS: All individuals with type 2 diabetes and available prescribing data between 2004 and 2013 in Tayside, Scotland were included. The electronic health record for diabetes which includes issued prescriptions was linked to laboratory biochemistry, hospital admission, death register and Scottish Renal Registry data...
May 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524782/clinical-prediction-model-and-tool-for-assessing-risk-of-persistent-pain-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#5
Tuomo J Meretoja, Kenneth Geving Andersen, Julie Bruce, Lassi Haasio, Reetta Sipilä, Neil W Scott, Samuli Ripatti, Henrik Kehlet, Eija Kalso
Purpose Persistent pain after breast cancer surgery is a well-recognized problem, with moderate to severe pain affecting 15% to 20% of women at 1 year from surgery. Several risk factors for persistent pain have been recognized, but tools to identify high-risk patients and preventive interventions are missing. The aim was to develop a clinically applicable risk prediction tool. Methods The prediction models were developed and tested using three prospective data sets from Finland (n = 860), Denmark (n = 453), and Scotland (n = 231)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522616/scotland-plans-to-allow-tail-docking-of-working-dogs-but-the-evidence-doesn-t-stack-up
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520510/abstracts-from-the-aerosol-society-drug-delivery-to-the-lungs-27-edinburgh-international-conference-centre-edinburgh-scotland-uk-december-7-9-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515116/antidepressants-depression-and-venous-thromboembolism-risk-large-prospective-study-of-uk-women
#8
Lianne Parkin, Angela Balkwill, Siân Sweetland, Gillian K Reeves, Jane Green, Valerie Beral
BACKGROUND: Some investigators have reported an excess risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with depression and with use of antidepressant drugs. We explored these associations in a large prospective study of UK women. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Million Women Study recruited 1.3 million women through the National Health Service Breast Screening Programme in England and Scotland. Three years after recruitment, women were sent a second questionnaire that enquired about depression and regular use of medications in the previous 4 weeks...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512993/hla-cw6-positive-patients-with-psoriasis-show-improved-response-to-methotrexate-treatment
#9
J West, S Ogston, J Berg, C Palmer, C Fleming, V Kumar, J Foerster
It is well documented that patients with human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw6+ (type 1) psoriasis have increased severity and reduced age of onset of psoriasis. However, not much is known about any differential response of this genetic subgroup to various treatments. We set out to determine if there was any genetic association of the HLA-Cw6 allele with the first-line systemic treatment commonly used in psoriasis, methotrexate. A cohort of patients from Tayside in Scotland was recruited through a novel generic consenting process (GoShare); they were extensively phenotyped and analysed for an association of their HLA-Cw6 genotype status with treatment outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511619/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-in-scotland
#10
Helen Cordey, Ronan Valentine, Andrea Lesar, Harry Moseley, Ewan Eadie, Sally Ibbotson
Chronic sun-induced dysplastic skin changes (actinic keratoses) are extremely common in fair-skinned people in Scotland. These changes are a major cause of morbidity and may develop into skin cancer. Actinic keratoses are often extensive and pose a therapeutic challenge as field-directed treatment is required for chronic disease management. One such treatment approach is hospital-based photodynamic therapy, which is a well-established treatment in Scotland for actinic keratoses, using a photosensitiser pro-drug and red LED light irradiation...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508958/modeling-the-critical-care-pathway-for-cardiothoracic-surgery
#11
Nicolas Bahou, Claire Fenwick, Gillian Anderson, Robert van der Meer, Tony Vassalos
The west of Scotland heart and lung center based at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital houses all adult cardiothoracic surgery for the region. Increased demand for scheduled patients and fluctuations in emergency referrals resulted in increasing waiting times and patient cancellations. The main issue was limited resources, which was aggravated by the stochastic nature of the length of stay (LOS) and arrival of patients. Discrete event simulation (DES) was used to assess if an enhanced schedule was sufficient, or more radical changes, such as capacity or other resource reallocations should be considered in order to solve the problem...
May 16, 2017: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504782/fatal-accident-inquiries-raising-awareness-of-their-role-in-relation-to-the-medical-profession-in-scotland
#12
G Mawdsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503728/female-undergraduate-s-perceptions-of-intrusive-behavior-in-12-countries
#13
Lorraine Sheridan, Adrian J Scott, John Archer, Karl Roberts
The present study examines young women's (N = 1,734) perceptions of the unacceptability of 47 intrusive activities enacted by men. Female undergraduate psychology students from 12 countries (Armenia, Australia, England, Egypt, Finland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Scotland, Trinidad) indicated which of 47 intrusive activities they considered to be unacceptable. Responses were compared with parasite-stress values, a measure of global gender equality and Hofstede's dimensions of national cultures...
May 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502088/limited-impact-of-awareness-raising-campaigns-on-hepatitis-c-testing-practices-among-general-practitioners
#14
A McLeod, B L Cullen, S J Hutchinson, K M Roy, J F Dillon, E A Stewart, D J Goldberg
The global hepatitis strategy calls for increased effort to diagnose those infected, with a target of 90% diagnosed by 2030. Scotland's Action Plan on Hepatitis C included awareness-raising campaigns, undertaken during 2008-2011, to promote testing by General Practitioners. We examined HCV testing practice among general practitioners before and following these campaigns. Scottish general practitioners were surveyed, using Dillman's method, in 2007 and 2013; response rates were 69% and 60%, respectively. Most respondents offer testing when presented with a risk history (86% in 2007, 88% in 2013) but only one fifth actively sought out risk factors (19 in 2007, 21% in 2013)...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501731/learning-and-unlearning-dignity-in-care-experiential-and-experimental-educational-approaches
#15
Richard G Kyle, Wayne Medford, Julie Blundell, Elaine Webster, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Leah Macaden
Guarding against loss of human dignity is fundamental to nursing practice. It is assumed in the existing literature that 'dignity' as a concept and 'dignity in care' as a practice is amenable to education. Building on this assumption, a range of experiential and experimental educational approaches have been used to enhance students' understanding of dignity. However, little is known about student nurses' views on whether dignity is amenable to education and, if so, which educational approaches would be welcomed...
May 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501277/inherited-predisposition-to-preeclampsia-analysis-of-the-aberdeen-intergenerational-cohort
#16
Abimbola A Ayorinde, Sohinee Bhattacharya
OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude of familial risk of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension in women born of a preeclamptic pregnancy and those born of pregnancy complicated by gestational hypertension while accounting for other risk factors. METHODS: An intergenerational dataset was extracted from the Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank (AMND) which records all pregnancy and delivery details occurring in Aberdeen, Scotland since 1950. The analysis included all nulliparous women whose mothers' records at their births are also recorded in the AMND...
April 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495356/scleral-topography-analysed-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#17
Stefan Bandlitz, Joachim Bäumer, Uwe Conrad, James Wolffsohn
PURPOSE: A detailed evaluation of the corneo-scleral-profile (CSP) is of particular relevance in soft and scleral lenses fitting. The aim of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to analyse the profile of the limbal sclera and to evaluate the relationship between central corneal radii, corneal eccentricity and scleral radii. METHODS: Using OCT (Optos OCT/SLO; Dunfermline, Scotland, UK) the limbal scleral radii (SR) of 30 subjects (11M, 19F; mean age 23...
May 8, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495199/an-automated-multiplex-tandem-pcr-platform-for-the-diagnosis-of-gastrointestinal-nematode-infections-in-cattle-an-australian-european-validation-study
#18
Florian Roeber, Ebrahim Bani Hassan, Philip Skuce, Alison Morrison, Edwin Claerebout, Stijn Casaert, David R Homer, Simon Firestone, Mark Stevenson, Lee Smith, John Larsen
Detecting the genera and species of gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections in faecal samples obtained from cattle requires the incubation of faeces ('larval culture') followed by identification of the third-stage larvae that are harvested after 10-14days. Substantial research in the development of PCR-based methods for the rapid and specific identification GI nematodes has been conducted for small ruminants, whilst only few such assays have been developed for cattle. In the present paper we describe the development of an automated, robotic PCR platform for the detection and genus and/or species-specific identification of GI nematodes from bovine faecal samples...
May 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494389/breastfeeding-support-and-opiate-dependence-a-think-aloud-study
#19
Sonya MacVicar, Tracy Humphrey, Katrina E Forbes-McKay
OBJECTIVE: international guidelines recommend the promotion and protection of breastfeeding for the substance exposed mother and baby. Yet few studies have explored the facilitators, moderators and barriers to successful breastfeeding for women enrolled on opiate maintenance treatment, or suggested targeted support strategies. The aim of this study was to explore the views of women with opiate dependence on proposed elements for inclusion in a breastfeeding support intervention. DESIGN: a qualitative study using think aloud technique...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494325/hiv-1-integrase-inhibitor-resistance-among-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-in-the-west-of-scotland
#20
A Bradley-Stewart, C Urcia, A MacLean, C Aitken, R Gunson
BACKGROUND: Transmitted integrase inhibitor resistance is rare, with only a small number of cases reported world-wide to date. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess whether transmitted integrase inhibitor resistance has occurred in Scotland and if so, could there be a case for performing genotypic integrase resistance testing at baseline. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of 106 treatment naïve, newly diagnosed, HIV positive patients...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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