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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822258/photochemical-oxidation-of-dimethylsulphide-to-dimethylsulphoxide-in-estuarine-and-coastal-waters
#1
Günther Uher, J Julian Pillans, Angela D Hatton, Robert C Upstill-Goddard
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) photo-oxidation and dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) photoproduction were estimated in 26 laboratory irradiations of coastal samples from NE England (Tyne estuary) and W Scotland (Loch Linnhe and River Nant at Taynuilt). Pseudo-first order rate constants of DMS photo-oxidation (0.038 h(-1) to 0.345 h(-1)) and DMSO photo-production (0.017 h(-1) to 0.283 h(-1)) varied by one order of magnitude and were lowest in the coastal North Sea. Estuarine samples (salinity S < 30) had a mean DMSO yield of 96 ± 16% (n = 14), consistent with 1:1 M conversion via photosensitised oxidation by singlet oxygen...
August 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818126/to-care-and-educate-the-continuity-within-queen-s-nursing-in-scotland-c-1948-2000
#2
Janet Greenlees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818055/patterns-of-hiv-testing-practices-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-in-scotland-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nicola Boydell, Katie Buston, Lisa Margaret McDaid
BACKGROUND: Increasing overall rates, and frequency, of HIV testing in populations at risk is a key public health objective and a critical dimension of HIV prevention efforts. In the UK, men who have sex with men (MSM) remain one of the communities most at risk of HIV and, within this, young gay men are a key risk group. Understanding HIV testing practices is important in the development of interventions to promote testing among young gay and bisexual men. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with thirty young gay and bisexual men (aged 18-29) in Scotland...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816652/reoccurrence-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-subtype-a3-inducing-food-borne-botulism-slovakia-2015
#4
Lucia Mad'arová, Brigitte G Dorner, Lars Schaade, Vladimír Donáth, Mária Avdičová, Milota Fatkulinová, Jozef Strhársky, Ivana Sedliačiková, Cyril Klement, Martin B Dorner
A case of food-borne botulism occurred in Slovakia in 2015. Clostridium botulinum type A was isolated from three nearly empty commercial hummus tubes. The product, which was sold in Slovakia and the Czech Republic, was withdrawn from the market and a warning was issued immediately through the European Commission's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF). Further investigation revealed the presence of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) subtype BoNT/A3, a very rare subtype implicated in only one previous outbreak (Loch Maree in Scotland, 1922)...
August 10, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812162/molecular-characterization-of-a-beet-ringspot-nepovirus-isolated-from-begonia-ricinifolia-in-hungary
#5
Szilvia Kis, Pál Salamon, Viktor Kis, György Szittya
A nepovirus was isolated from Begonia ricinifolia showing chlorotic ringspot and line pattern symptoms. The purified virus had spherical particles of ca. 30 nm and contained a single coat protein subunit of ca. 56 kDa. The complete nucleotide sequence of the bipartite viral genome was determined. RNA 1 is 7394 nucleotides long, flanked by 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTR), and followed by a 3' poly-A tail. It contains a single 6810 nt long open reading frame (ORF), which is translated into a 255 kDa polyprotein composed of 2269 amino acids...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810685/characterising-the-exposure-of-prison-staff-to-second-hand-tobacco-smoke
#6
Sean Semple, Helen Sweeting, Evangelia Demou, Greig Logan, Rachel O'Donnell, Kate Hunt
Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is an avoidable and harmful exposure in the workplace but >25000 prison staff continue to be exposed on a daily basis in the UK and many more worldwide. SHS exposures in prisons are incompletely understood but may be considerable given the large proportion of smoking prisoners and limited ventilation. This study characterized the exposure of prison staff to SHS in all 15 prisons in Scotland using multiple methods. Exposure assessment strategies included 6-day area measurement of fine Particulate Matter (PM2...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809859/do-regional-brain-volumes-and-major-depressive-disorder-share-genetic-architecture-a-study-of-generation-scotland-n-19%C3%A2-762-uk-biobank-n-24%C3%A2-048-and-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-n-5766
#7
E M Wigmore, T-K Clarke, D M Howard, M J Adams, L S Hall, Y Zeng, J Gibson, G Davies, A M Fernandez-Pujals, P A Thomson, C Hayward, B H Smith, L J Hocking, S Padmanabhan, I J Deary, D J Porteous, K K Nicodemus, A M McIntosh
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heritable and highly debilitating condition. It is commonly associated with subcortical volumetric abnormalities, the most replicated of these being reduced hippocampal volume. Using the most recent published data from Enhancing Neuroimaging Genetics through Meta-analysis (ENIGMA) consortium's genome-wide association study of regional brain volume, we sought to test whether there is shared genetic architecture between seven subcortical brain volumes and intracranial volume (ICV) and MDD...
August 15, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807536/effectiveness-of-household-lockable-pesticide-storage-to-reduce-pesticide-self-poisoning-in-rural-asia-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Melissa Pearson, Chris Metcalfe, Shaluka Jayamanne, David Gunnell, Manjula Weerasinghe, Ravi Pieris, Chamil Priyadarshana, Duleeka W Knipe, Keith Hawton, Andrew H Dawson, Palitha Bandara, Dhammika deSilva, Indika Gawarammana, Michael Eddleston, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Agricultural pesticide self-poisoning is a major public health problem in rural Asia. The use of safer household pesticide storage has been promoted to prevent deaths, but there is no evidence of effectiveness. We aimed to test the effectiveness of lockable household containers for prevention of pesticide self-poisoning. METHODS: We did a community-based, cluster-randomised controlled trial in a rural area of North Central Province, Sri Lanka. Clusters of households were randomly assigned (1:1), with a sequence computer-generated by a minimisation process, to intervention or usual practice (control) groups...
August 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806930/factors-associated-with-change-in-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-older-people-data-from-the-physical-activity-cohort-scotland-study
#9
Clare L Clarke, Falko F Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S Argo, Peter T Donnan, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. A sample of community-dwelling older people aged 65 and over were recruited in 2009-2011, then followed up 2-3 years later...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804702/testing-socio-cultural-valuation-methods-of-ecosystem-services-to-explain-land-use-preferences
#10
Katja Schmidt, Ariane Walz, Berta Martín-López, René Sachse
Socio-cultural valuation still emerges as a methodological field in ecosystem service (ES) research and until now lacks consistent formalisation and balanced application in ES assessments. In this study, we examine the explanatory value of ES values for land use preferences. We use 563 responses to a survey about the Pentland Hills regional park in Scotland. Specifically, we aim to (1) identify clusters of land use preferences by using a novel visualisation tool, (2) test if socio-cultural values of ESs or (3) user characteristics are linked with land use preferences, and (4) determine whether both socio-cultural values of ESs and user characteristics can predict land use preferences...
August 2017: Ecosystem Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803434/special-issue-of-biophysical-reviews-dedicated-to-the-19-th-iupab-conference-in-edinburgh-scotland-july-2017-%C3%AF
#11
EDITORIAL
Damien Hall, Cristobal G Dos Remedios
From the 16th to the 20th of July 2017, the 19th IUPAB (International Union of Pure and Applied Biophysics) world congress was held in Edinburgh, Scotland. Organized in conjunction with the 11th EBSA (European Biophysical Societies' Association) the meeting attracted over 1430 participants, had 35 scientific sessions and 10 plenary speakers. Each invited speaker was invited to contribute either a short review or a letter article that summarized the contents of their session. This special issue of Biophysical Reviews is dedicated to providing contextual background to some of the many talks presented at the meeting in Edinburgh...
August 12, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803080/palliative-care-development-in-kyrgyzstan
#12
Aibek Mukambetov, Taalaigul Sabyrbekova, Lola Asanalieva, Ilim Sadykov, Alexander Aralbaev, Stephen Connor
Palliative care began in Kyrgyzstan in 2005 as a pilot home based care program in Osh Cancer Center and was supported by a small group of nurses and one physician from Scotland. In 2010, the Soros Foundation-Kyrgyzstan (SFK) and the Open Society Foundation's International Palliative Care Initiative (IPCI) began supporting work on palliative care policy, legislation, essential medicine availability, education, advocacy and implementation. A Ministry of Health working group was established to lead this initiative and technical assistance was provided by an international palliative care consultant...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#13
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801392/can-promoting-awareness-of-fetal-movements-and-focusing-interventions-reduce-fetal-mortality-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial-affirm
#14
Alexander E P Heazell, Christopher J Weir, Sarah J E Stock, Catherine J Calderwood, Sarah Cunningham Burley, J Frederik Froen, Michael Geary, Alyson Hunter, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Edile Murdoch, Aryelly Rodriguez, Mary Ross-Davie, Janet Scott, Sonia Whyte, Jane E Norman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the stillbirth rate in the UK was 4.2 per 1000 live births, ranking 24th out of 49 high-income countries, with an annual rate of reduction of only 1.4% per year. The majority of stillbirths occur in normally formed infants, with (retrospective) evidence of placental insufficiency the most common clinical finding. Maternal perception of reduced fetal movements (RFM) is associated with placental insufficiency and increased risk of subsequent stillbirth.This study will test the hypothesis that the introduction of a package of care to increase women's awareness of the need for prompt reporting of RFM and standardised management to identify fetal compromise with timely delivery in confirmed cases, will reduce the rate of stillbirth...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799272/results-of-a-national-multicenter-audit-assessment-of-gynecologic-history-in-surgical-patients
#15
Michael S J Wilson, Matilda Powell-Bowns, Andrew G Robertson, Andreas Luhmann, Colin H Richards
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adequacy of assessing gynecologic history for females of reproductive age (FRA) admitted to a general surgery department. METHODS: The present prospective multicenter audit included FRA who were admitted for elective or emergency procedures to general surgery departments in Scotland between May 11 and May 25, 2015. Data were compared between patients who were admitted for elective and emergency treatment. RESULTS: There were 530 FRA included from 18 centers, including 169 (31...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799221/repose-repositioning-insulin-pump-therapy-in-type-1-diabetes
#16
N S Oliver
In 2008, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) technology appraisal of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII, insulin pump therapy) for people with Type 1 diabetes was published [1]. Implementation of this enables children under the age of 12 years to access CSII, and consideration of CSII for adults and children over 12 years with challenging hypo- or hyperglycaemia. In Scotland, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guidance for management of diabetes states that CSII therapy should be considered for people unable to achieve their glycaemic targets, for those who experience recurring episodes of severe hypoglycaemia, and in infants and very young children with very low basal insulin requirements, for whom even small doses of basal insulin analogue may result in hypoglycaemia [2]...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798542/distribution-of-the-invasive-bryozoan-schizoporella-japonica-in-great-britain-and-ireland-and-a-review-of-its-european-distribution
#17
J Loxton, C A Wood, J D D Bishop, J S Porter, M Spencer Jones, C R Nall
The bryozoan Schizoporella japonica Ortmann (1890) was first recorded in European waters in 2010 and has since been reported from further locations in Great Britain (GB) and Norway. This paper provides a new earliest European record for the species from 2009, a first record from Ireland and presence and absence records from a total of 231 marinas and harbours across GB, Ireland, the Isle of Man, France and Portugal. This species is typically associated with human activity, including commercial and recreational vessels, aquaculture equipment, and both wave and tidal energy devices...
2017: Biological Invasions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798189/genome-sequence-of-oceanicola-sp-strain-mctg156-1a-isolated-from-a-scottish-coastal-phytoplankton-net-sample
#18
Tony Gutierrez, William B Whitman, Marcel Huntemann, Alex Copeland, Amy Chen, Neha Vargese, Nikos C Kyrpides, Manoj Pillay, Natalia Ivanova, Natalia Mikhailova, Supratim Mukherjee, Dimitrios Stamatis, T B K Reddy, Chew Yee Ngan, Mansi Chovatia, Chris Daum, Nicole Shapiro, Tanja Woyke
Oceanicola sp. strain MCTG156(1a) was isolated from a phytoplankton net sample collected on the west coast of Scotland and selected based on its ability to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Here, we present the genome sequence of this strain, which comprises 3,881,122 bp with 3,949 genes and an average G+C content of 62.7%.
August 10, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797137/stay-at-home-strategy-brings-fitness-benefits-to-migrants
#19
James J Gilroy
In Focus: Lok, T., Veldhoen, L., Overdijk, O., Tinbergen, J. M., & Piersma, T. (2017). An age-dependent fitness cost of migration? Old trans-Saharan migrating spoonbills breed later than those staying in Europe, and late breeders have lower recruitment. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 998-1009. In Focus: Grist, H., Daunt, F., Wanless, S., Burthe, S. J., Newell, M. A., Harris, M. P., & Reid, J. M. (2017). Reproductive performance of resident and migrant males, females and pairs in a partially migratory bird. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 1010-1021...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794074/the-incidence-of-acute-angle-closure-in-scotland-a-prospective-surveillance-study
#20
Paul Y Chua, Alexander C Day, Ken L Lai, Nikki Hall, Lai L Tan, Kamran Khan, Lik Thai Lim, Barny Foot, Paul J Foster, Augusto Azuara-Blanco
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence, and describe the clinical features and short-term clinical outcomes of acute angle closure (AAC). METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed AAC were identified prospectively over a 12-month period (November 2011 to October 2012) by active surveillance through the Scottish Ophthalmic Surveillance Unit reporting system. Data were collected at case identification and at 6 months follow-up. RESULTS: There were 114 cases (108 patients) reported, giving an annual incidence of 2...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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