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Jian-Ping Xia, Hong-Xiang Sun, Shou-Qi Yuan
Acoustic metamaterials and metasurfaces provide great flexibility for manipulating sound waves and promise unprecedented functionality, ranging from transformation acoustics, acoustic cloaking, acoustic imaging to acoustic rerouting. However, the design of artificial structures with both broad bandwidth and multifunctionality remains challenging with traditional design approaches. Here we present a design and realization of a broadband acoustic metafiber bundle. Very different from previously reported acoustic metamaterials and metasurfaces, not only the metafiber structure is simple, flexible and tunable, but also the metafiber bundle has the advantages of broad bandwidth, high transmission, no resonance-induced energy loss and unchangeable output wavefront owing to eigenmodes in the passbands of the metafiber...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Dong-Kyu Lee, Ji-Hun Kang, Junghoon Kwon, Jun-Seok Lee, Seok Lee, Deok Ha Woo, Jae Hun Kim, Chang-Seon Song, Q-Han Park, Minah Seo
As a candidate for a rapid detection of biomaterials, terahertz (THz) spectroscopy system can be considered with some advantage in non-destructive, label-free, and non-contact manner. Because protein-ligand binding energy is in the THz range, especially, most important conformational information in molecular interactions can be captured by THz electromagnetic wave. Based on the THz time-domain spectroscopy system, THz nano-metamaterial sensing chips were prepared for great enhancing of detection sensitivity...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yuzhang Liang, Zhiyong Yu, Ningjuan Ruan, Qian Sun, Ting Xu
A freestanding, multilayered fishnet metamaterial is reported to experimentally exhibit a negative refractive index in the green-light spectral range. The realization of a negative refractive index at such a high frequency range mainly originates from low-loss magnetic resonance and interactions between the neighboring functional layers. Based on a good agreement between the numerically simulated and experimentally measured transmittance and reflectance spectra, a single negative refractive index of -0.76 with a figure-of-merit of 0...
August 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Omri Wolf, Salvatore Campione, Yuanmu Yang, Igal Brener
Optical nonlinearities are intimately related to the spatial symmetry of the nonlinear media. For example, the second order susceptibility vanishes for centrosymmetric materials under the dipole approximation. The latter concept has been naturally extended to the metamaterials' realm, sometimes leading to the (erroneous) hypothesis that second harmonic (SH) generation is negligible in highly symmetric meta-atoms. In this work we aim to show that such symmetric meta-atoms can radiate SH light efficiently. In particular, we investigate in-plane centrosymmetric meta-atom designs where the approximation for meta-atoms breaks down...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Igor I Smolyaninov, Vera N Smolyaninova
We consider the recently suggested model of a multiverse based on a ferrofluid. When the ferrofluid is subjected to a modest external magnetic field, the nanoparticles inside the ferrofluid form small hyperbolic metamaterial domains, which from the electromagnetic standpoint behave as individual "Minkowski universes" exhibiting different "laws of physics", such as different strength of effective gravity, different versions of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) and different radiation lifetimes. When the ferrofluid "multiverse" is populated with atomic or molecular species, and these species are excited using an external laser source, the radiation lifetimes of atoms and molecules in these "universes" depend strongly on the individual physical properties of each "universe" via the Purcell effect...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Fabrizio Porrati, Roland Sachser, Gian Carlo Gazzadi, Stefano Frabboni, Andreas Terfort, Michael Huth
The fabrication of nanopatterned multilayers, as used in optical and magnetic applications, is usually achieved by two independent steps, which consist in the preparation of multilayer films and in the successive patterning by means of lithography and etching processes. Here we show that multilayer nanostructures can be fabricated by using focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID), which allows the direct writing of nanostructures of any desired shape with nanoscale resolution. In particular, [Co2Fe=Si]n multilayers are prepared by the alternating deposition from the metal carbonyl precursors, HFeCo3(CO)12 and Fe(CO)5, and neopentasilane, Si5H12...
August 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
Kiran Kumar Amireddy, Krishnan Balasubramaniam, Prabhu Rajagopal
This paper reports the experimental demonstration of deep subwavelength ultrasonic imaging of defects in metallic samples with a feature size of λ/25 using holey-structured metamaterial lenses. Optimal dimensions of the metamaterial's geometric parameters are determined using numerical simulation and the physics of wave propagation through holey lenses. The paper also shows how the extraordinary transmission capacity of holey structured metamaterials comes about by the coupling of higher frequencies in the incident ultrasonic wave field to resonant modes of the lens...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhiwei Guo, Haitao Jiang, Yang Long, Kun Yu, Jie Ren, Chunhua Xue, Hong Chen
The polarization controlled optical signal routing has many important applications in photonics such as polarization beam splitter. By using two-dimensional transmission lines with lumped elements, we experimentally demonstrate the selective excitation of guided modes in waveguides composed of two kinds of single-negative metamaterials. A localized, circularly polarized emitter placed near the interface of the two kinds of single-negative metamaterials only couples with one guided mode with a specific propagating direction determined by the polarization handedness of the source...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
S J Kindness, D S Jessop, B Wei, R Wallis, V S Kamboj, L Xiao, Y Ren, P Braeuninger-Weimer, A I Aria, S Hofmann, H E Beere, D A Ritchie, R Degl'Innocenti
Active control of the amplitude and frequency of terahertz sources is an essential prerequisite for exploiting a myriad of terahertz applications in imaging, spectroscopy, and communications. Here we present a optoelectronic, external modulation technique applied to a terahertz quantum cascade laser which holds the promise of addressing a number of important challenges in this research area. A hybrid metamaterial/graphene device is implemented into an external cavity set-up allowing for optoelectronic tuning of feedback into a quantum cascade laser...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jing Wang, Yanqiang Bi, Quanwen Hou
Thermal metamaterials, proposed in recent years, provide a new method to manipulate the energy flux in heat transfer, and result in many novel thermal devices. In this paper, an illusion thermal device for location camouflage in 3-dimensional heat conduction regime is proposed based on the transformation thermodynamics. The heat source covered by the device produces a fake signal outside the device, which makes the source look like appearing at another position away from its real position. The parameters required by the device are deduced and the method is validated by simulations...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xiangyang Wang, Huanyang Chen, Hui Liu, Lin Xu, Chong Sheng, Shining Zhu
Transformation optics has been used to propose various novel optical devices. With the help of metamaterials, several intriguing designs, such as invisibility cloaks, have been implemented. However, as the basic units should be much smaller than the working wavelengths to achieve the effective material parameters, and the sizes of devices should be much larger than the wavelengths of illumination to work within the light-ray approximation, it is a big challenge to implement an experimental system that works simultaneously for both geometric optics and wave optics...
July 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yong Li, Chen Shen, Yangbo Xie, Junfei Li, Wenqi Wang, Steven A Cummer, Yun Jing
In this study, we show that robust and tunable acoustic asymmetric transmission can be achieved through gradient-index metasurfaces by harnessing judiciously tailored losses. We theoretically prove that the asymmetric wave behavior stems from loss-induced suppression of high order diffraction. We further experimentally demonstrate this novel phenomenon. Our findings could provide new routes to broaden applications for lossy acoustic metamaterials and metasurfaces.
July 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Bo Gao, Matthew M F Yuen, Terry Ye
Electromagnetic metamaterials are constructed with sub-wavelength structures that exhibit particular electromagnetic properties under a certain frequency range. Because the form-factor of the substructures has to be comparable to the wavelength of the operating frequency, few papers have discussed the metamaterials under GHz frequency. In this paper, we developed an innovative method to reduce the resonant frequency of metamaterals. By integrating the meta-structures with ferrite materials of higher permeability, the cell size of the meta-structure can be scaled down...
December 13, 2016: Materials
Juan C Pérez-Medina, Miguel A Waldo-Mendoza, Víctor J Cruz-Delgado, Zoe V Quiñones-Jurado, Pablo González-Morones, Ronald F Ziolo, Juan G Martínez-Colunga, Florentino Soriano-Corral, Carlos A Avila-Orta
Metamaterial behavior of polymer nanocomposites (NCs) based on isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was investigated based on the observation of a negative dielectric constant (ε'). It is demonstrated that as the dielectric constant switches from negative to positive, the plasma frequency (ωp) depends strongly on the ultrasound-assisted fabrication method, as well as on the melt flow index of the iPP. NCs were fabricated using ultrasound-assisted extrusion methods with 10 wt % loadings of MWCNTs in iPPs with different melt flow indices (MFI)...
November 14, 2016: Materials
Md Mehedi Hasan, Mohammad Rashed Iqbal Faruque, Sikder Sunbeam Islam, Mohammad Tariqul Islam
The aim of this paper is to introduce a compact double-negative (DNG) metamaterial that exhibits a negative refractive index (NRI) bandwidth of more than 3.6 GHz considering the frequency from 2 to 14 GHz. In this framework, two arms of the designed unit cell are split in a way that forms a Modified-Z-shape structure of the FR-4 substrate material. The finite integration technique (FIT)-based Computer Simulation Technology (CST) Microwave Studio is applied for computation, and the experimental setup for measuring the performance is performed inside two waveguide ports...
October 13, 2016: Materials
Alok Ghanekar, Yanpei Tian, Sinong Zhang, Yali Cui, Yi Zheng
In this work, we theoretically analyze the performance characteristics of a near-field thermophotovoltaic system consisting a Mie-metamaterial emitter and GaSb-based photovoltaic cell at separations less than the thermal wavelength. The emitter consists of a tungsten nanoparticle-embedded thin film of SiO 2 deposited on bulk tungsten. Numerical results presented here are obtained using formulae derived from dyadic Green's function formalism and Maxwell-Garnett-Mie theory. We show that via the inclusion of tungsten nanoparticles, the thin layer of SiO 2 acts like an effective medium that enhances selective radiative heat transfer for the photons above the band gap of GaSb...
July 31, 2017: Materials
Farhad Bin Ashraf, Touhidul Alam, Mohammad Tariqul Islam
A Xi-shaped meta structure, has been introduced in this paper. A modified split-ring resonator (MSRR) and a capacitive loaded strip (CLS) were used to achieve the left-handed property of the metamaterial. The structure was printed using silver metallic nanoparticle ink, using a very low-cost photo paper as a substrate material. Resonators were inkjet-printed using silver nanoparticle metallic ink on paper to make this metamaterial flexible. It is also free from any kind of chemical waste, which makes it eco-friendly...
July 5, 2017: Materials
Chris E Finlayson, Jeremy J Baumberg
We review recent advances in the generation of photonics materials over large areas and volumes, using the paradigm of shear-induced ordering of composite polymer nanoparticles. The hard-core/soft-shell design of these particles produces quasi-solid "gum-like" media, with a viscoelastic ensemble response to applied shear, in marked contrast to the behavior seen in colloidal and granular systems. Applying an oscillatory shearing method to sub-micron spherical nanoparticles gives elastomeric photonic crystals (or "polymer opals") with intense tunable structural color...
June 22, 2017: Materials
Yong Zhi Cheng, Mu Lin Huang, Hao Ran Chen, Zhen Zhong Guo, Xue Song Mao, Rong Zhou Gong
A simple design of an ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive terahertz perfect metamaterial absorber (PMMA), composed of a metal cross-cave patch resonator (CCPR) placed over a ground plane, was proposed and investigated numerically. The numerical simulation results demonstrate that the average absorption peaks are up to 95% at six resonance frequencies. Owing to the ultra-narrow band resonance absorption of the structure, the designed PMMA also exhibits a higher Q factor (>65). In addition, the absorption properties can be kept stable for both normal incident transverse magnetic (TM) and transverse electric (TE) waves...
May 28, 2017: Materials
Shinpei Ogawa, Masafumi Kimata
Wavelength- or polarization-selective thermal infrared (IR) detectors are promising for various novel applications such as fire detection, gas analysis, multi-color imaging, multi-channel detectors, recognition of artificial objects in a natural environment, and facial recognition. However, these functions require additional filters or polarizers, which leads to high cost and technical difficulties related to integration of many different pixels in an array format. Plasmonic metamaterial absorbers (PMAs) can impart wavelength or polarization selectivity to conventional thermal IR detectors simply by controlling the surface geometry of the absorbers to produce surface plasmon resonances at designed wavelengths or polarizations...
May 4, 2017: Materials
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