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Yu-Chuan Lin, Kursti DeLello, Hai-Tian Zhang, Kehao Zhang, Zhong Lin, Mauricio Terrones, Roman Engel-Herbert, Joshua A Robinson
Integrating a phase transition material with two-dimensional semiconductors can provide a route towards tunable opto-electronic metamaterials. Here, we integrate monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides with vanadium dioxide (VO2) thin films grown via molecular beam epitaxy to form a 2D/3D heterostructure. Vanadium dioxide undergoes an insulator-to-metal transition at 60-70 °C, which changes the band alignment between MoS2 and VO2 from a semiconductor-insulator junction to a semiconductor-metal junction...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Benjamin T Diroll, Peijun Guo, Robert P H Chang, Richard D Schaller
Epsilon-near-zero materials may be synthesized as colloidal nanocrystals which display large magnitude sub-picosecond switching of infrared localized surface plasmon resonances. Such nanocrystals offer a solution-processable, scalable source of tunable metamaterials compatible with arbitrary substrates. Under intraband excitation, these nanocrystals display a red-shift of the plasmon feature arising from the low electron heat capacities and conduction band non-parabolicity of the oxide. Under interband pumping, they show in an ultrafast blueshift of the plasmon resonance due to transient increases in the carrier density...
October 18, 2016: ACS Nano
Quan Xu, Xiaoqiang Su, Chunmei Ouyang, Ningning Xu, Wei Cao, Yuping Zhang, Quan Li, Cong Hu, Jianqiang Gu, Zhen Tian, Abul K Azad, Jiaguang Han, Weili Zhang
Recently reported active metamaterial analogues of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) are promising in developing novel optical components, such as active slow light devices. However, most of the previous works have focused on manipulating the EIT resonance strength at a fixed characteristic frequency and, therefore, realized on-to-off switching responses. To further extend the functionalities of the EIT effect, here we present a frequency tunable EIT analogue in the terahertz regime by integrating photoactive silicon into the metamaterial unit cell...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Gauthier Briere, Benoit Cluzel, Olivier Demichel
Although epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) metamaterials offer many unconventional ways to play with light, the optical impedance mismatch with surroundings can limit the efficiency of future devices. We report here on the improvement of the transmittance of an ENZ wavefront shaper. In this Letter, we first address the way to enhance the transmittance of a plane wave through a layer of ENZ material, thanks to a numerical optimization approach based on the transfer matrix method. We then transpose the one-dimensional approach to a two-dimensional case where the emission of a dipole is shaped into a plane wave by an ENZ device with a design that optimizes the transmittance...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Y Y Chen, R Zhu, M V Barnhart, G L Huang
Increasing sensitivity and signal to noise ratios of conventional wave sensors is an interesting topic in structural health monitoring, medical imaging, aerospace and nuclear instrumentation. Here, we report the concept of a gradient piezoelectric self-sensing system by integrating shunting circuitry into conventional sensors. By tuning circuit elements properly, both the quality and quantity of the flexural wave measurement data can be significantly increased for new adaptive sensing applications. Through analytical, numerical and experimental studies, we demonstrate that a metamaterial-based sensing system (MBSS) with gradient bending stiffness can be designed by connecting gradient negative capacitance circuits to an array of piezoelectric patches (sensors)...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
J Hizanidis, N Lazarides, G P Tsironis
We report on the emergence of robust multiclustered chimera states in a dissipative-driven system of symmetrically and locally coupled identical superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) oscillators. The "snakelike" resonance curve of the single SQUID is the key to the formation of the chimera states and is responsible for the extreme multistability exhibited by the coupled system that leads to attractor crowding at the geometrical resonance (inductive-capacitive) frequency. Until now, chimera states were mostly believed to exist for nonlocal coupling...
September 2016: Physical Review. E
Keith A Seffen
We are inspired by the tensile buckling of a thin sheet with a slit to create a foldable planar metamaterial. The buckled shape comprises two pairs of identical e-cones connected to the slit, which we refer to as a k-cone. We approximate this shape as discrete vertices that can be folded out of plane as the slit is pulled apart. We determine their kinematics and we calculate generic shape properties using a simple elastic model of the folded shape. We then show how the folded sheet may be tessellated as a unit cell within a larger sheet, which may be constructed a priori by cutting and folding the latter in a regular way, in order to form a planar kirigami structure with a single degree of freedom...
September 2016: Physical Review. E
I-Tan Lin, Jia-Ming Liu, Hsin-Cheng Tsai, Kaung-Hsiung Wu, Jheng-Yuan Syu, Ching-Yuan Su
The majority of the proposed graphene-based THz devices consist of a metamaterial that can optically interact with graphene. This coupled graphene-metamaterial system gives rise to a family of resonant modes such as the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes of graphene, the geometrically induced SPPs, also known as the spoof SPP modes, and the Fabry-Perot (FP) modes. In the literature, these modes are usually considered separately as if each could only exist in one structure. By contrast, in this paper, we show that even in a simple metamaterial structure such as a one-dimensional (1D) metallic slit grating, these modes all exist and can potentially interact with each other...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yangbo Xie, Chen Shen, Wenqi Wang, Junfei Li, Dingjie Suo, Bogdan-Ioan Popa, Yun Jing, Steven A Cummer
Acoustic holographic rendering in complete analogy with optical holography are useful for various applications, ranging from multi-focal lensing, multiplexed sensing and synthesizing three-dimensional complex sound fields. Conventional approaches rely on a large number of active transducers and phase shifting circuits. In this paper we show that by using passive metamaterials as subwavelength pixels, holographic rendering can be achieved without cumbersome circuitry and with only a single transducer, thus significantly reducing system complexity...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mohammed Reza M Hashemi, Shang-Hua Yang, Tongyu Wang, Nelson Sepúlveda, Mona Jarrahi
Engineered metamaterials offer unique functionalities for manipulating the spectral and spatial properties of electromagnetic waves in unconventional ways. Here, we report a novel approach for making reconfigurable metasurfaces capable of deflecting electromagnetic waves in an electronically controllable fashion. This is accomplished by tilting the phase front of waves through a two-dimensional array of resonant metasurface unit-cells with electronically-controlled phase-change materials embedded inside. Such metasurfaces can be placed at the output facet of any electromagnetic radiation source to deflect electromagnetic waves at a desired frequency, ranging from millimeter-wave to far-infrared frequencies...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hari Shankar Mahato
We investigate the transmission properties of a metallic layer with narrow slits. We consider (time-harmonic) Maxwell's equations in the H-parallel case with a fixed incident wavelength. We denote η > 0 as the typical size of the complex structure and obtain the effective equations by letting η → 0. For metallic permittivities with negative real part, plasmonic waves can be excited on the surfaces of the slits. For the waves to be in resonance with the height of the metallic layer, the corresponding results can be perfect transmission through the layer...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Furi Ling, Gang Yao, Jianquan Yao
A plasmon-induced polarization conversion (PIPC) structure based on periodically patterned graphene was demonstrated in the THz regime. By varying the Fermi level of two connected T-shape graphene strips through the electrostatic gating, the peak frequency and the group index in the transparency window can be tuned, which is good agreement with the coupled Lorentz oscillator model. Due to interference between two polarization selective graphene plasmonic resonances coexisting in the planar metamaterial, polarization conversion can be achieved...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Joshua Lequieu, Andrés Córdoba, Daniel Hinckley, Juan J de Pablo
The self-assembly of DNA-conjugated nanoparticles represents a promising avenue toward the design of engineered hierarchical materials. By using DNA to encode nanoscale interactions, macroscale crystals can be formed with mechanical properties that can, at least in principle, be tuned. Here we present in silico evidence that the mechanical response of these assemblies can indeed be controlled, and that subtle modifications of the linking DNA sequences can change the Young's modulus from 97 kPa to 2.1 MPa. We rely on a detailed molecular model to quantify the energetics of DNA-nanoparticle assembly and demonstrate that the mechanical response is governed by entropic, rather than enthalpic, contributions and that the response of the entire network can be estimated from the elastic properties of an individual nanoparticle...
September 28, 2016: ACS Central Science
Hang Xu, Damiano Pasini
The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of architected materials, as opposed to that of conventional solids, can be tuned to zero by intentionally altering the geometry of their structural layout. Existing material architectures, however, achieve CTE tunability only with a sacrifice in structural efficiency, i.e. a drop in both their stiffness to mass ratio and strength to mass ratio. In this work, we elucidate how to resolve the trade-off between CTE tunability and structural efficiency and present a lightweight bi-material architecture that not only is stiffer and stronger than other 3D architected materials, but also has a highly tunable CTE...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wendao Xu, Lijuan Xie, Jianfei Zhu, Wei Wang, Zunzhong Ye, Yungui Ma, Chao-Yin Tsai, Suming Chen, Yibin Ying
By squeezing electromagnetic energy into small volumes near a metal-dielectric interface, plasmonics provide many routes to enhance and manipulate light-matter interactions, which presents new strategies for signal enhancing technologies. As an extension of the ideas of plasmonics to the terahertz (THz) range, metamaterials have shown great potential in sensing applications. In this study, terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) combined with metamaterials was used to detect chlorpyrifos-methyl (CM), which is one type of the broad-spectrum organophosphorus pesticides...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Bastiaan Florijn, Corentin Coulais, Martin van Hecke
We experimentally and numerically study the role of geometry for the mechanics of biholar metamaterials, which are quasi-2D slabs of rubber patterned by circular holes of two alternating sizes. We recently showed how the response to uniaxial compression of these metamaterials can be programmed by lateral confinement. In particular, there is a range of confining strains εx for which the resistance to compression becomes non-trivial-non-monotonic or hysteretic-in a range of compressive strains εy. Here we show how the dimensionless geometrical parameters t and χ, which characterize the wall thickness and size ratio of the holes that pattern these metamaterials, can significantly tune these ranges over a wide range...
September 29, 2016: Soft Matter
Feng Qin, Ximin Cui, Qifeng Ruan, Yunhe Lai, Jianfang Wang, Hongge Ma, Hai-Qing Lin
A number of plasmonic devices and applications, such as chemical and biological sensors, plasmon-enhanced solar cells, optical nanoantennas, metamaterials and metasurfaces, require the deposition of plasmonic metal nanocrystals on various substrates. Because the localized plasmon resonance modes, energies and strengths are strongly dependent on the dielectric function of the surrounding environment, the substrate is expected to largely affect the plasmonic properties of supported metal nanocrystals. Therefore, understanding the effects of the substrate on the plasmonic properties of metal nanocrystals and the roles of the involved factors will be crucial for designing various plasmonic devices that are made of metal nanocrystals deposited on different substrates...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Zhonghui Liu, Jian Ye
Creating plasmonic nanostructures with controllable Fano resonances is of great interest for a number of important applications including metamaterials and biosensors. Realizing double Fano resonances is even more challenging but may become favorable to the applications such as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and second harmonic generation (SHG). Here we have developed plasmonic metasurfaces consisting of a nanoring array and a metallic film separated by a dielectric spacer for the generation of double Fano resonances...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Quan Li, Longqing Cong, Ranjan Singh, Ningning Xu, Wei Cao, Xueqian Zhang, Zhen Tian, Liangliang Du, Jiaguang Han, Weili Zhang
Recent advances in graphene photonics reveal promising applications in the technologically important terahertz spectrum, where graphene-based active terahertz metamaterial modulators have been experimentally demonstrated. However, the sensitivity of the atomically thin graphene monolayer towards sharp Fano resonant terahertz metasurfaces remains unexplored. Here, we demonstrate thin-film sensing of the graphene monolayer with a high quality factor terahertz Fano resonance in metasurfaces consisting of a two-dimensional array of asymmetric resonators...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Weijie Kong, Wenjuan Du, Kaipeng Liu, Changtao Wang, Ling Liu, Zeyu Zhao, Xiangang Luo
Hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) composed of multiple nanometal-dielectric films are proposed for launching deep subwavelength bulk plasmon polaritons (BPPs) as uniform, large area surface imaging illumination sources with a skin depth even beyond 10 nm. Benefiting from the coupled plasmon modes over a wide wavevector range in HMMs, the illumination depth could be continually tuned, simply by adjusting the incidence angle of light impinged on a grating structure for BPP excitation. As an example, the illumination depths of 19-63 nm at a light wavelength of 532 nm are demonstrated with SiO2-Ag multifilms...
September 29, 2016: Nanoscale
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