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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925393/intensive-care-unit-icu-readmission-after-major-lung-resection-prevalence-patterns-and-mortality
#1
Jae Jun Jung, Jong Ho Cho, Tae Hee Hong, Hong Kwan Kim, Yong Soo Choi, Jhingook Kim, Young Mog Shim, Jae Ill Zo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with mortality in patients re-admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) after initial recovery from major lung resection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the case records of all patients who underwent major lung resection between February 2011 and May 2013. A total of 1916 patients underwent major resection surgery for various lung diseases, 63 (3.3%) of which required ICU admission after initial recovery...
December 7, 2016: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924915/serum-uric-acid-is-independently-and-linearly-associated-with-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-obese-chinese-adults
#2
Chang-Qin Liu, Chun-Mei He, Ning Chen, Dongmei Wang, Xiulin Shi, Yongwen Liu, Xin Zeng, Bing Yan, Suhuan Liu, Shuyu Yang, Xiaoying Li, Xuejun Li, Zhibin Li
The present study aimed to explore the independent association and potential pathways between serum uric acid (SUA) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). 1365 community-living obese Chinese adults who received hepatic ultrasonography scanning were included. The prevalence rates of NAFLD were 71.5% for men and 53.8% for women. Compared with controls, NAFLD subjects showed significantly increased SUA levels (333.3 ± 84.9 v.s. 383.4 ± 93.7 μmol/L) and prevalence rate of hyperuricemia (HUA) (25...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921326/correlation-of-genetic-results-with-testicular-histology-hormones-and-sperm-retrieval-in-nonobstructive-azoospermia-patients-with-testis-biopsy
#3
W Liu, X Gao, G Ma, L Yan, T Chen, T Li, R-M Yu, J-L Ma
To investigate the frequency and types of genetic results in different testicular histology of patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA), and correlated with hormones and sperm retrieval (SR), a retrospective study was conducted in 286 Chinese NOA patients who underwent testis biopsy and 100 age-matched fertile men as the control group. Chromosome karyotype analyses were performed by the peripheral blood chromosome G-band detection method. Screening of Y chromosome microdeletions of azoospermia factor (AZF) region was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of 11 sequence-tagged sites (STS)...
December 6, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921025/prostate-specific-antigen-rising-in-iranian-men-in-correlation-with-body-mass-index-fasting-blood-sugar-and-blood-lipid-profile
#4
Davood Arab, Arash Ardestani Zadeh, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Azadeh Beiglarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that is secreted by prostate cells and it is useful as a tumor marker for prostate cancer. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the relationship between some of metabolic factors and serum PSA level was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with urinary symptoms or for screening of the prostate cancer (after 50 years of age or 40 years with a family history of prostate cancer), were evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919650/association-between-dysfunction-of-upper-extremity-and-locomotive-syndrome-in-general-population
#5
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Chisa Okura, Satoshi Shinagawa, Takanori Kitagawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relation between self-assessment of upper extremity function and locomotive syndrome in a general population. METHODS: Using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function (GLFS-25) test, 320 Japanese people (115 men, 205 women, mean age 67.6 years, 40-92 years) were evaluated for locomotive dysfunction. All had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items for sex, weight, height, dominant hand, and the degree of frequency of hand in ADL...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919360/association-of-epicardial-fat-volume-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-metabolic-syndrome-from-the-caesar-study
#6
Byung Jin Kim, Hak Soo Kim, Jung Gyu Kang, Bum Soo Kim, Jin Ho Kang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epicardial adipose tissue or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can be one of putative risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, there are no data assessing the associations of MetS with epicardial fat and NAFLD. The present study was performed to evaluate the combined effect of epicardial fat volume (EFV) and NAFLD on MetS in Korean adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: Computed tomographic EFV and ultrasonographic fatty liver were measured in 1472 individuals (1242 men: mean age, 44 ± 8...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919359/association-of-triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-to-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-men
#7
Gloria Lena Vega, Scott M Grundy, Carolyn E Barlow, David Leonard, Benjamin L Willis, Laura F DeFina, Stephen W Farrell
BACKGROUND: Both triglyceride-to-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) impart risk for all-cause morbidity and mortality independently of conventional risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence and/or incidence of high TG/HDL-C ratio in men with low CRF. METHODS: Clinical characteristics and CRF were used to determine prevalence of a TG/HDL-C ratio ≥ 3.5 (high ratio) in 13,954 men of the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916222/acute-amiodarone-pulmonary-toxicity-after-surgical-procedures
#8
REVIEW
Jirapat Teerakanok, Pakpoom Tantrachoti, Phumpattra Chariyawong, Kenneth Nugent
Amiodarone can cause toxicity in several organs, including amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity which is a subacute or chronic complication. Amiodarone-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in postoperative patients is a rare acute complication. The PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched. Seven retrospective and prospective case series and 10 case reports of amiodarone-induced postoperative ARDS were reviewed. All patients received amiodarone chronically or during the perioperative period...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914851/dynapenia-and-metabolic-health-in-obese-and-nonobese-adults-aged-70%C3%A2-years-and-older-the-life-study
#9
Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Stephen Anton, Daniel P Beavers, Todd M Manini, Roger Fielding, Ann Newman, Tim Church, Stephen B Kritchevsky, David Conroy, Mary M McDermott, Anda Botoseneanu, Mary E Hauser, Marco Pahor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dynapenia and metabolic risk factors in obese and nonobese older adults. METHODS: A total of 1453 men and women (age ≥70 years) from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study were categorized as (1) nondynapenic/nonobese (NDYN-NO), (2) dynapenic/nonobese (DYN-NO), (3) nondynapenic/obese (NDYN-O), or (4) dynapenic/obese (DYN-O), based on muscle strength (Foundation for the National Institute of Health criteria) and body mass index...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914667/high-sensitivity-troponin-t-and-the-risk-of-recurrent-readmissions-after-hospitalisation-for-acute-heart-failure
#10
D Escribano, E Santas, G Miñana, A Mollar, S García-Blas, E Valero, A Payá, F J Chorro, J Sanchis, J Núñez
OBJECTIVES: High-sensitivity troponin is a biomarker of myocardial damage and is associated with a greater risk of mortality and disease progression in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). However, its relationship with the risk of future readmissions is less known. The aim of this study was to assess the association between ultrasensitive troponin T (TnT-us) values in patients with AHF and the risk of recurrent readmissions in the follow-up. METHODS: We prospectively included a cohort of 621 consecutive patients with AHF, excluding those patients with acute coronary syndrome...
November 30, 2016: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914613/association-between-cardiometabolic-index-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-new-index-for-predicting-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Murat Dursun, Huseyin Besiroglu, Alper Otunctemur, Emin Ozbek
Over the past decade, it has been suggested that erectile dysfunction (ED) is an early indicator of cardiovascular disease. In a recent study, a new index, termed as cardiometabolic index (CMI), was defined and measured as the product of triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are good predictors of coronary artery disease and main components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). All components of the CMI are also included in MetS criteria. Thus, we decided to evaluate the correlation between CMI, including the criteria of MetS, and ED...
December 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914496/computed-tomography-derived-skeletal-muscle-index-a-novel-predictor-of-frailty-and-hospital-length-of-stay-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Vishal Dahya, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Penny Burroughs, Dan McGee, Aline C Silva, Julian E Hurt, Shafi G Mohamed, Thomas Noel, Wayne Batchelor
: To determine the prevalence of low skeletal muscle mass in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and whether skeletal muscle mass measured from preoperative computed tomography (CT) images provides value in predicting postoperative length of stay (LOS). BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the use of body composition as a frailty measure in TAVR patients and no studies have determined if this measure predicts LOS. METHODS: We studied 104 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR at Tallahassee Memorial Hospital from 2012 to 2016...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914137/is-vitamin-d-an-independent-risk-factor-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-healthy-population
#13
Danbee Park, Hyuktae Kwon, Seung Won Oh, Hee Kyung Joh, Seung Sik Hwang, Jin Ho Park, Jae Moon Yun, Hyejin Lee, Goh Eun Chung, Sangjoon Ze, Jae Hong Park, Yeseul Bae, Arang Lee
The association between vitamin D levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been recognized. However, few studies showed independent associations between vitamin D deficiency and NAFLD after a sex-related adjustment for metabolic factors. We aimed to study whether vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor of NAFLD even after controlling for metabolic syndrome and visceral fat in both sexes. In this cross-sectional study, 7,514 Korean adults (5,278 men, 2,236 women) participated in a health check-up program...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913971/myofunctional-therapy-improves-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#14
Giovana Diaféria, Rogerio Santos-Silva, Eveli Truksinas, Fernanda L M Haddad, Renata Santos, Silvana Bommarito, Luiz C Gregório, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt
PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated myofunctional therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of myofunctional therapy on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence. METHODS: The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01289405). Male patients with OSAS were randomly divided into four treatment groups: placebo, patients undergoing placebo myofunctional therapy (N = 24); myofunctional therapy, undergoing myofunctional therapy (N = 27); CPAP, undergoing treatment with CPAP (N = 27); and combined, undergoing CPAP therapy and myofunctional therapy (N = 22)...
December 2, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912784/liraglutide-improves-metabolic-parameters-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-diabetic-patients-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-18-month-prospective-study
#15
Manfredi Rizzo, Ali A Rizvi, Angelo Maria Patti, Dragana Nikolic, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Giuseppa Castellino, Giovanni Li Volti, Massimiliano Caprio, Giuseppe Montalto, Vincenzo Provenzano, Stefano Genovese, Antonio Ceriello
BACKGROUND: Liraglutide, a GLP-1 analogue, exerts several beneficial non-glycemic effects in patients with type-2 diabetes (T2DM), such as those on body weight, blood pressure, plasma lipids and inflammation markers. However, the effects of liraglutide on cardiovascular (CV) risk markers in subjects with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are still largely unknown. We herein explored its effects on various cardio-metabolic risk markers of the MetS in subjects with T2DM. METHODS: We performed an 18-month prospective, real-world study...
December 3, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911673/genetic-syndromes-associated-with-central-nervous-system-tumors
#16
Charmi Vijapura, Ehab Saad Aldin, Aristides A Capizzano, Bruno Policeni, Yutaka Sato, Toshio Moritani
Several genetic tumor syndromes have associated central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms. The spectrum of syndromes that have intracranial tumor manifestations includes ataxia telangiectasia, Cowden syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis, hereditary non-polyposis-related colorectal cancer, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Gorlin syndrome, neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, tuberous sclerosis complex, von Hippel-Lindau disease, and Turcot syndrome. Many of these disorders are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, and identification of the associated genetic defects has led to improved understanding of the molecular pathways involved in tumorigenesis, helping pave the way to the emergence of molecularly targeted therapeutics...
December 2, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910806/epilepsia-partialis-continua-aetiology-semiology-and-prognosis-in-a-spanish-adult-cohort
#17
Helena Bejr-Kasem, Jacint Sala-Padró, Manuel Toledo, Estevo Santamarina, Silvana Sarria, Montserrat Gonzalez-Cuevas, María Sueiras-Gil, Manolo Quintana, Xavier Salas-Puig
To describe the semiological features in patients suffering with Epilepsia Partialis Continua (EPC), also referred as Kozhevnikov syndrome and their relationship with aetiology, duration, and prognosis, as well as recurrence during follow-up. We analysed consecutive EPC patients diagnosed and followed in our centre over a seven-and-a half year period. We collected demographic and clinical data, along with neuroimaging and EEG recordings. All patients were followed for more than six months. Patients were categorised with single body area or multiple body area involvement according to the body parts affected...
December 2, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909511/internal-jugular-vein-complete-thrombosis-after-dual-chamber-pacemaker-implant
#18
Angelo Placci, Maria Mattioli, Maria Francesca Notarangelo, Gianluca Gonzi, Marco Zardini
Venous thrombosis after pacemaker implant is a known, although often underrecognized condition that can challenge system revision or upgrading, leading occasionally to thromboembolic complications. Several factors are considered to promote thrombus formation. Among them, alteration of blood flow mechanics due to the presence of catheters in the vessel lumen may itself play a pivotal role. Hereby we present the case of a 65-year old men who underwent a dual-chamber pacemaker implant in another institute for sick sinus syndrome by means of left cephalic venous access...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906940/a-new-technique-for-the-treatment-of-lumbar-facet-joint-syndrome-using-intra-articular-injection-with-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma
#19
Jiuping Wu, Zhenwu Du, Yang Lv, Jun Zhang, Wei Xiong, Ruiqiang Wang, Rui Liu, Guizhen Zhang, Qinyi Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lumbar facet joint syndrome is currently suggested to be a main source of axial low back pain, and a large portion of axial low back pain is caused by disorders in lumbar facet joints. Intra-articular injection is one of the most common treatment methods in the early clinical application. Therefore, we attempt to seek a new injectable material, autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP), to treat lumbar facet syndrome, as well as to assess its therapeutic effectiveness and safety...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906553/short-adult-stature-predicts-impaired-beta-cell-function-insulin-resistance-glycemia-and-type-2-diabetes-in-finnish-men
#20
Jagadish Vangipurapu, Alena Stančáková, Raimo Jauhiainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso
CONTEXT: Recent studies have highlighted the role of height in complex diseases but conflicting information has been reported on height as a predictor of changes in glycemia and risk of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the association of height with insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, glycemia, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in a large prospective population-based study. DESIGN: The study included 8,746 Finnish men (mean±SD, age 57...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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