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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110467/an-overview-of-autosomal-dominant-tumour-syndromes-with-prominent-features-in-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-region
#1
REVIEW
Robert A Kennedy, Selvam Thavaraj, Salvador Diaz-Cano
Several autosomal dominant inherited tumour syndromes demonstrate prominent features in the oral and maxillofacial region. Although multiple organ systems are frequently involved, the target organs more frequently affected are the skin (nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, Brooke-Spiegler syndrome, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome and Muir-Torre syndrome), gastrointestinal tract (Peutz-Jegher syndrome and Gardner syndrome) or endocrine system (multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b and hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome)...
January 21, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109988/epilepsy-and-restless-legs-syndrome
#2
James D Geyer, Emery E Geyer, Zachary Fetterman, Paul R Carney
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological movement disorder occurring in approximately 10% of the general population. The prevalence of moderately severe RLS is 2.7% overall (3.7% for women and 1.7% for men). Epilepsy is also a common neurological disorder with significant associated morbidity and impact on quality of life. We evaluated the severity and frequency of primary RLS in patients with localization-related temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and investigated the role of prodromal RLS symptoms as a warning sign and lateralizing indicator...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108566/total-aortic-arch-replacement-with-the-frozen-elephant-trunk-procedure-in-acute-debakey-type-i-aortic-dissections
#3
Malakh Shrestha, Axel Haverich, Andreas Martens
OBJECTIVES: In patients with acute aortic dissection involving the arch and the descending aorta (AADA DeBakey type I), performing a total aortic arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure for supposedly better long-term results is still controversial. METHODS: From February 2004 to April 2016, 94 patients with AADA DeBakey type I had an FET procedure (80% men, age 58 ± 12 years). During the early period (Group 1, 2004-10), the FET technique was performed using non-branched grafts...
January 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108465/outcomes-of-women-and-men-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-treated-with-and-without-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization
#4
Jacob A Udell, Maria Koh, Feng Qiu, Peter C Austin, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Akshay Bagai, Andrew T Yan, Shaun G Goodman, Jack V Tu, Dennis T Ko
BACKGROUND: Women hospitalized with a non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have worse clinical outcomes compared with men. An early invasive strategy with prompt coronary revascularization may mitigate sex differences in outcomes. However, few contemporary studies have evaluated whether clinical outcomes differ between women and men presenting with ACS treated with an early invasive strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based cohort of hospitalized ACS patients who received prompt cardiac catheterization from 2008 to 2011 in Ontario, Canada and followed for up to 2 years was studied...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108130/contribution-of-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-related-factors-to-the-differences-in-metabolic-syndrome-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-migrants-compared-with-finns
#5
N Skogberg, T Laatikainen, A Jula, T Härkänen, E Vartiainen, P Koponen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a substantially increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We examined the contribution of length of residence, socioeconomic position and lifestyle-related factors to the differences in the prevalence of MetS among migrants compared with Finns. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from randomly sampled 30-64year-old health examination participants (318 Russian, 212 Somali, and 321 Kurdish origin migrants) of the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey (2010-2012) were used...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106665/effects-of-multielectrode-renal-denervation-on-elevated-sympathetic-nerve-activity-and-insulin-resistance-in-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Costas Tsioufis, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Alexandros Kasiakogias, Theodore Kalos, Ioannis Liatakis, Evagelia Koutra, Levki Nikolopoulou, Athanasios Kordalis, Rita Omega Ella, Elizabeth Oi-Yan Lau, Guido Grassi, Vasilios Papademetriou, Dimitrios Tousoulis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of renal denervation (RDN) on sympathetic nerve activity and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Seventeen patients fulfilled at least four of five criteria for metabolic syndrome and under stable use of at least two antihypertensive drugs were randomized in 3 : 1 ratio to RDN (n = 13, 12 men, age: 58 ± 7 years) and control groups (n = 4, three men, age: 60 ± 5 years) and followed up for 3 months...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106470/grace-score-validation-in-predicting-hospital-mortality-analysis-of-the-role-of-sex
#7
Eva de-Miguel-Balsa, Jaime Latour-Pérez, Anna Baeza-Román, Cristina Amorós-Verdú, Juan Antonio Fernández-Lozano
BACKGROUND: The GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) risk score is recommended for risk stratification in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). It does not include sex, a variable strongly associated with ACS prognosis. The aim of this study was to examine if sex adds prognostic information to the GRACE score in a contemporary population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of discrimination and calibration of GRACE score in the validation population, derived from the ARIAM-SEMICYUC registry (2012-2015)...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103417/diabetes-as-a-risk-factor-for-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-women-compared-with-men-a-meta-analysis-including-10-856-279-individuals-and-106-703-acute-coronary-syndrome-events
#8
Xue Dong, Rongrong Cai, Jie Sun, Rong Huang, Pin Wang, Haixia Sun, Sai Tian, Shaohua Wang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a significant cause of death and disability worldwide and is a strong risk factor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Whether diabetes confers the same excess risk of ACS in both sexes is unknown. Therefore, we undertook a meta-analysis to estimate the relative risk for ACS associated with diabetes in men and women. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for both case-control and cohort studies published between Jan 1, 1966, and Jan 1, 2015...
January 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103297/obesity-in-french-inmates-gender-differences-and-relationship-with-mood-eating-behavior-and-physical-activity
#9
Aude Lagarrigue, Soufiane Ajana, Lucile Capuron, Catherine Féart, Marie-Pierre Moisan
CONTEXT: Inmates, notably women, are at greater risk for obesity and metabolic complications than the general population according to several studies from high income countries. Data regarding French correctional institutions are lacking so far. To fill this gap, we have assessed in a sample from a French prison (33 females and 18 males) the gender-specific effect of incarceration on weight and body mass index (BMI) and examined their current metabolic status. Furthermore, to reveal the possible determinants of increased obesity, we analyzed emotional vulnerability, eating behavior and physical activity using self-reported questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102451/cauda-equina-syndrome-presentation-outcome-and-predictors-with-focus-on-micturition-defecation-and-sexual-dysfunction
#10
N S Korse, J A Pijpers, E van Zwet, H W Elzevier, C L A Vleggeert-Lankamp
BACKGROUND: Even though micturition, defecation, and sexual function are substantially affected in cauda equina syndrome (CES), data on outcome are scarce. METHODS: Medical files of patients operated on lumbar herniated disc were screened for CES and retrospectively analyzed for baseline characteristics, outcome of micturition, defecation, and sexual function and possible predictors. RESULTS: Seventy-five CES patients (52% men) were included with a mean age of 44 years...
January 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099363/different-ret-gene-mutation-induced-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2a-in-3-chinese-families
#11
Qiuli Liu, Dali Tong, Wenqiang Yuan, Gaolei Liu, Gang Yuan, Weihua Lan, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Zhang, Zaoming Huang, Yao Zhang, Jun Jiang
BACKGROUD: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) is a condition with inherited autosomal dominant mutations in RET (rearranged during transfection) gene that predisposes the carrier to extremely high risk of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and other MEN2A-associated tumors such as parathyroid cancer and/or pheochromocytoma. Little is reported about MEN2A syndrome in the Chinese population. METHODS: All members of the 3 families along with specific probands of MEN2A were analyzed for their clinical, laboratory, and genetic characteristics...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098109/visceral-leishmaniasis-in-adults-with-nephropathy
#12
H Kaaroud El Jeri, A Harzallah, S Barbouch, M M Bacha, R Kheder, S Turki, S Trabelsi, E Abderrahim, F Ben Hamida, T Ben Abdallah
The aim of this study is to evaluate the features of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in adults with nephropathy, who were not infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. This is a retrospective study of 14 adults hospitalized between 2000 and 2014, with VL and renal involvement. Clinical, biological, and therapeutic data were collected from the patients' medical files. Eleven women and three men, most of whom were from the North of the country, with a mean age of 40.5 years were studied. Lupus was present in five cases, the Sicca syndrome in three cases, diabetes in one case, renal failure on dialysis in two cases, and there were three renal transplant recipients...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096874/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-korea-a-multicenter-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#13
Jung Sun Lee, Jun Soo Kwon, Daeho Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Jong-Hoon Kim, Hee Jung Nam, Seunghyong Ryu, Il Ho Park, Suk Kyoon An, Hong-Seok Oh, Seunghee Won, Kanguk Lee, Kyu Young Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Yu Sang Lee, Jung-Seo Yi, Kyung Sue Hong, Yeon Ho Joo
OBJECTIVE: We designed a nationwide study with limited exclusion criteria to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korea and its relationship with antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional, and observational study included patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Sixteen hospitals enrolled 845 patients aged 18 to 65 years prescribed any antipsychotic medication between August 2011 and August 2013...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096844/influence-of-an-extended-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
Wojciech S Kapko, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Health education is a component of complex cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of an authorial extended educational program on the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects undergoing early in-hospital rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study covered 205 consecutive subjects (153 men and 52 women, aged 62 ±9 years) undergoing CCR...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094088/usefulness-of-multiparametric-computerized-tomography-findings-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-stroke-mimics-of-epileptic-origin-a-preliminary-study
#15
R López Ruiz, S Quintas, P Largo, M de Toledo, M T Carreras, A Gago-Veiga, R Manzanares, J Vivancos
OBJECTIVE: Thirty percent of the patients for whom code stroke is activated have stroke mimics, the most common being epilepsy. Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness of multiparametric CT for differentiating between seizure-related symptoms and vascular events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study; data were gathered prospectively during one year. We studied multiparametric CT images of patients admitted following code stroke activation and finally diagnosed with epilepsy...
January 13, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093438/risk-for-metabolic-diseases-in-normal-weight-individuals-with-visceral-fat-accumulation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#16
Yukako Tatsumi, Yoko M Nakao, Izuru Masuda, Aya Higashiyama, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Makoto Watanabe, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between visceral fat area (VFA) and metabolic syndrome (Mets) among normal weight Japanese. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The health check-up centre of the Takeda Hospital group in Kyoto, Japan. METHODS: This study involved 1674 men and 1448 women aged 30-74 years who underwent medical check-ups in 2012 in the health check-up centre. They were stratified by Body Mass Index (BMI cut-off for obesity is set at 23...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092926/effect-of-gravity-and-microgravity-on-intracranial-pressure
#17
Justin S Lawley, Lonnie G Petersen, Erin J Howden, Satyam Sarma, William K Cornwell, Rong Zhang, Louis A Whitworth, Michael A Williams, Benjamin D Levine
Astronauts have recently been discovered to have impaired vision, with a presentation that resembles syndromes of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). This syndrome is considered the most mission critical medical problem identified in the past decade of manned spaceflight. We recruited five men and three women who had an Ommaya reservoir inserted for the delivery of prophylactic central nervous system chemotherapy, but were free of their malignant disease for at least 1 year. ICP was assessed by placing a fluid-filled 25 ga butterfly needle into the Ommaya reservoir...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088804/monitoring-noninvasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-comparison-between-ventilator-built-in-software-and-respiratory-polygraphy
#18
Ramon Fernandez Alvarez, Claudio Rabec, Gemma Rubinos Cuadrado, Juan Alejandro Cascon Hernandez, Patricia Rodriguez, Marjolaine Georges, Pere Casan
BACKGROUND: Polygraphy (PG) remains the standard method of assessing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) effectiveness. Built-in software (BIS) of recent NIV equipment provides estimates of some ventilator parameters, but their usefulness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of BIS compared with PG in a cohort of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) patients on NIV. METHODS: Thirty stable OHS patients on NIV were evaluated in an outpatient setting with simultaneous PG and BIS recordings...
January 14, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088619/pappa-ante-portas-the-effect-of-the-husband-s-retirement-on-the-wife-s-mental-health-in-japan
#19
Marco Bertoni, Giorgio Brunello
The "Retired Husband Syndrome", that affects the mental health of wives of retired men around the world, has been anecdotally documented but never formally investigated. Using Japanese micro-data and the exogenous variation across cohorts in the maximum age of guaranteed employment induced by a 2006 Japanese reform, we estimate that the husband's earlier retirement significantly increases the probability that the wife reports symptoms related to the syndrome. We also find that retirement has a negative effect both on the household's economic situation and on the husband's own mental health, and that the higher economic distress contributes to reducing the wife's mental health...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#20
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
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