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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791076/effects-of-endurance-training-on-hippocampus-dj-1-cb-2-and-blood-glucose-concentration-in-diabetic-rats
#1
Mohammad Kurd, Vahid Valipour Dehnou, Seyed Asadollah Tavakoli, Daniel E Gahreman
AIMS: To investigate the effect of endurance training on Hippocampus DJ-1 and CB2 protein and blood glucose concentration in diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into Diabetic (D), Diabetic and Exercise (DE), Exercise (E), and Control (C) groups. The endurance training was performed five times per week for six weeks. The hippocampus DJ-1 and CB2 were measured using an ELISA method. RESULTS: The level of DJ-1 in D group was significantly higher than other groups (p ≤ 0...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776561/circulating-micrornas-as-emerging-cardiac-biomarkers-responsive-to-acute-exercise
#2
David de Gonzalo-Calvo, Alberto Dávalos, Manuel Fernández-Sanjurjo, Laura Amado-Rodríguez, Susana Díaz-Coto, Cristina Tomás-Zapico, Ana Montero, Ángela García-González, Vicenta Llorente-Cortés, Maria Eugenia Heras, Araceli Boraita Pérez, Ángel E Díaz-Martínez, Natalia Úbeda, Eduardo Iglesias-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) are mediators of intercellular communication with great potential as cardiac biomarkers. The analysis of c-miRNAs in response to physiological stress, such as exercise, would provide valuable information for clinical practice and a deeper understanding of the molecular response to physical activity. Here, we analysed for the first time the acute exercise response of c-miRNAs reported as biomarkers of cardiac disease in a well-characterized cohort of healthy active adults...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769816/the-effect-of-two-different-concurrent-training-programs-on-strength-and-power-gains-in-highly-trained-individuals
#3
Henrik Petré, Pontus Löfving, Niklas Psilander
The effects of concurrent strength and endurance training have been well studied in untrained and moderately-trained individuals. However, studies examining these effects in individuals with a long history of resistance training (RT) are lacking. Additionally, few studies have examined how strength and power are affected when different types of endurance training are added to an RT protocol. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of concurrent training incorporating either low-volume, high-intensity interval training (HIIT, 8-24 Tabata intervals at ~150% of VO2max ) or high-volume, medium-intensity continuous endurance training (CT, 40-80 min at 70% of VO2max ), on the strength and power of highly-trained individuals...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#4
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762540/the-role-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-and-their-transcriptional-coactivators-gene-variations-in-human-trainability-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Miroslav Petr, Petr Stastny, Adam Zajac, James J Tufano, Agnieszka Maciejewska-Skrendo
BACKGROUND: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors ( PPARA , PPARG , PPARD ) and their transcriptional coactivators' ( PPARGC1A , PPARGC1B ) gene polymorphisms have been associated with muscle morphology, oxygen uptake, power output and endurance performance. The purpose of this review is to determine whether the PPARs and/or their coactivators' polymorphisms can predict the training response to specific training stimuli. METHODS: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses, a literature review has been run for a combination of PPARs and physical activity key words...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741654/assessment-of-muscular-fitness-as-a-predictor-of-flight-duty-limitation
#7
Tuomas Honkanen, Matti Mäntysaari, Janne Avela, Heikki Kyröläinen, Tuomo Leino
Introduction: The high acceleration (Gz) exposure among military pilots flying fighter aircraft has been associated with an increased risk for cervical and lumbar disorders. It has been suggested that an adequate level of physical performance could reduce the risk of experiencing these disorders. The Finnish Air Force has for several years used aerobic (bicycle ergometer) and muscular fitness tests (battery of five tests) in the selection process of military pilot candidates in order to evaluate their physical fitness level...
May 8, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741441/effect-of-an-active-video-gaming-classroom-curriculum-on-health-related-fitness-school-day-step-counts-and-motivation-in-sixth-graders
#8
You Fu, Ryan D Burns
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of an active video gaming (AVG) classroom curriculum on health-related fitness, school day steps, and motivation in sixth graders. METHODS: A convenience sample of 65 sixth graders were recruited from 2 classrooms from a school located in the Western United States. One classroom served as the comparison group (n = 32) that participated in active free play, and one classroom served as the intervention group (n = 33) that participated in an AVG curriculum for 30 minutes per day, 3 days per week, for 18 weeks...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740332/metabolic-and-fatigue-profiles-are-comparable-between-prepubertal-children-and-well-trained-adult-endurance-athletes
#9
Anthony Birat, Pierre Bourdier, Enzo Piponnier, Anthony J Blazevich, Hugo Maciejewski, Pascale Duché, Sébastien Ratel
The aim of this study was to determine whether prepubertal children are metabolically comparable to well-trained adult endurance athletes and if this translates into similar fatigue rates during high-intensity exercise in both populations. On two different occasions, 12 prepubertal boys (10.5 ± 1.1 y), 12 untrained men (21.2 ± 1.5 y), and 13 endurance male athletes (21.5 ± 2.7 y) completed an incremental test to determine the power output at VO2max (PVO2max ) and a Wingate test to evaluate the maximal anaerobic power (Pmax ) and relative decrement in power output (i...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738744/a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-mindful-exercises-on-rehabilitative-outcomes-among-post-stroke-patients
#10
REVIEW
Liye Zou, Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Nan Zeng, Chaoyi Wang, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the rehabilitative effects of mindful exercises for post-stroke patients. DATA SOURCES: Six databases (PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang, and CNKI) and reference lists of relevant articles were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of mindful exercises on rehabilitative outcomes such as sensorimotor function, gait speed, leg strength, aerobic endurance, cognitive function, and overall motor function)...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738405/effect-of-exercise-on-cognition-conditioning-muscle-endurance-and-balance-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Chandra da Silveira Langoni, Thais de Lima Resende, Andressa Bombardi Barcellos, Betina Cecchele, Mateus Soares Knob, Tatiane do Nascimento Silva, Juliana Nunes da Rosa, Tamiris de Souza Diogo, Irenio Gomes da Silva Filho, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may be a precursor to dementia; however, its progression may be prevented or slowed with exercise. This study aimed at determining the effects of group aerobic and strength training on cognition, conditioning, muscle endurance, and balance in underprivileged community-dwelling older adults with MCI. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, and matched-pair controlled (gender, age, body mass index, and Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for MCI diagnosis) clinical trial...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730785/may-the-force-be-with-you-why-resistance-training-is-essential-for-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-without-complications
#12
REVIEW
Roberto Codella, Marta Ialacqua, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
Physical activity, together with diet and pharmacological therapy, represents one of the three cornerstones in type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment and care. The therapeutic appeal of regular physical activity stems from: (i) its non-pharmacological nature; (ii) its beneficial effects on the metabolic risk factors associated with diabetes complications; (iii) its low costs. Evidence accumulated in the last years suggests that aerobic training-endurance training-constitutes a safe modality of intervention, achievable, and effective in diabetes treatment, whenever it is not limited by comorbidities...
May 5, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729132/we-run-this-city-impact-of-a-community-school-fitness-program-on-obesity-health-and-fitness
#13
Elaine A Borawski, Sarah Drewes Jones, Laura Danosky Yoder, Tara Taylor, Barbara A Clint, Meredith A Goodwin, Erika S Trapl
INTRODUCTION: The We Run This City (WRTC) Youth Marathon Program is a community-supported, school-based fitness program designed to increase physical activity in a large, urban school district by engaging middle school youth to train 12 to 14 weeks to run or walk 1.2 miles, 6.2 miles, or 13.1 miles of the Rite Aid Cleveland Marathon. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of the intervention on adolescent health. METHODS: We assessed changes in obesity, health, and fitness, measured before training and postintervention, among 1,419 sixth- to eighth-grade students participating in WRTC for the first time, with particular interest in the program's effect on overweight (85th-94th body mass index percentile) or obese (≥95th percentile) students...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727394/lower-aerobic-endurance-linked-to-history-of-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-preliminary-observations
#14
Kimberly R Chapman, Jason R Anderson, Dayana Calvo, Brandon S Pollock, Jennifer Petersen, Hayden Gerhart, Angela Ridgel, Mary Beth Spitznagel
BACKGROUND: Despite the demonstrated benefits of exercise in multiple sclerosis (MS), this population shows low rates of physical activity. Understanding barriers to exercise in persons with MS is important. The current study examined the relationship between lifetime history of depression, current depressive symptoms, and aerobic endurance in persons with relapsing-remitting MS to determine whether depression might be one such barrier. METHODS: Thirty-one participants with relapsing-remitting MS self-reported current depressive symptoms and history of depression...
June 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722623/force-properties-of-skinned-cardiac-muscle-following-increasing-volumes-of-aerobic-exercise-in-rats
#15
Kevin Rudi Boldt, Jaqueline Lourdes Rios, Venus Joumaa, Walter Herzog
The positive effects of chronic endurance exercise training on health and performance have been well documented. These positive effects have been evaluated primarily at the structural level, and work has begun to evaluate mechanical adaptations of the myocardium. However, it remains poorly understood how the volume of exercise training affects cardiac adaptation. In order to gain some understanding, we subjected three-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats (N=23) to treadmill running for eleven weeks at one of three exercise volumes (moderate, high, and extra high)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722617/cheap-labor-myosin-fiber-type-expression-and-enzyme-activity-in-the-forelimb-musculature-of-sloths-pilosa-xenarthra
#16
Kyle B Spainhower, Rebecca N Cliffe, Allan K Metz, Ernest M Barkett, Paije M Kiraly, Dylan R Thomas, Sarah J Kennedy, Judy Avey-Arroyo, Michael T Butcher
Sloths are canopy-dwelling inhabitants of American neotropical rainforests that exhibit suspensory behaviors. These abilities require both strength and muscular endurance to hang for extended periods of time; however, the skeletal muscle mass of sloths is reduced, thus requiring modifications to muscle architecture and leverage for large joint torque. We hypothesize that intrinsic muscle properties also are modified for fatigue resistance and predict a heterogeneous expression of slow/fast myosin heavy chain (MHC) fibers that utilize oxidative metabolic pathways for economic force production...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715523/muscle-morphology-and-performance-in-master-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#17
REVIEW
James Mckendry, Leigh Breen, Brandon J Shad, Carolyn Greig
INTRODUCTION: The extent to which chronic exercise training preserves age-related decrements in physical function, muscle strength, mass and morphology is unclear. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine to what extent chronically trained master athletes (strength/power and endurance) preserve levels of physical function, muscle strength, muscle mass and morphology in older age, compared with older and younger controls and young trained individuals. METHODS: The systematic data search included Medline, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL and Web of Science databases...
April 28, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703522/sex-differences-in-fitness-outcomes-among-minority-youth-after-participation-in-a-park-based-after-school-program
#18
Sarah E Messiah, Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe sex differences in fitness outcomes after participation in Fit2Play, a park-based after-school health and wellness program. METHODS: Youth who participated in Fit2Play for either 1, 2, or 3 school years between 2010 and 2016 (n = 2129, mean age 9.1 years, 52% Hispanic, 48% non-Hispanic black, 54% male) were tested via a comprehensive fitness battery at the beginning/end of the school year(s). Effects of length of Fit2Play participation on fitness outcomes were assessed via three-level repeated measures analysis stratified by sex and adjusted for child sociodemographics, weight category, area poverty, and year...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696812/effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-in-older-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Elvira Lange, Daniel Kucharski, Sara Svedlund, Karin Svensson, Gunhild Bertholds, Inger Gjertsson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a person-centered, moderate-to-high intensity, aerobic and resistance exercise protocol on older adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), through a randomized controlled multi-center trial. METHODS: Older adults (65-75 years) with RA (n=74) were randomized to either a 20-week person-centered exercise intervention at a gym (n=36) or to home-based exercise of light intensity (n=38). Assessments were performed at baseline, at 20 weeks, and at 12 months...
April 26, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693483/rehabilitation-for-improved-cognition-in-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion-disorder-reco-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Therese Eskilsson, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Maria Josefsson, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm
Stress-related exhaustion has been associated with selective and enduring cognitive impairments. However, little is known about how to address cognitive deficits in stress rehabilitation and how this influences stress recovery over time. The aim of this open-label, parallel randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03073772) was to investigate the long-term effects of 12 weeks cognitive or aerobic training on cognitive function, psychological health, and work ability for patients diagnosed with exhaustion disorder (ED)...
April 25, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
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