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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776359/evaluation-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-rdt-use-by-community-health-workers-a-longitudinal-study-in-western-kenya
#1
Matthew R Boyce, Diana Menya, Elizabeth L Turner, Jeremiah Laktabai, Wendy Prudhomme-O'Meara
BACKGROUND: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are a simple, point-of-care technology that can improve the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of malaria. They are an increasingly common diagnostic tool, but concerns remain about their use by community health workers (CHWs). These concerns regard the long-term trends relating to infection prevention measures, the interpretation of test results and adherence to treatment protocols. This study assessed whether CHWs maintained their competency at conducting RDTs over a 12-month timeframe, and if this competency varied with specific CHW characteristics...
May 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775870/adverse-and-adaptive-childhood-experiences-are-associated-with-parental-reflective-functioning-in-mothers-with-substance-use-disorder
#2
Ulrika Håkansson, Reidulf Watten, Kerstin Söderström, Finn Skårderud, Merete Glenne Øie
Mothers with a substance use disorder (SUD) are at risk for maladaptive parenting practices, and have heightened likelihood of having experienced childhood adversity themselves. In addition, parental reflective functioning (PRF), a capacity underlying sensitive caregiving, is often low in mothers with SUD. This study examines the relationship between PRF and aversive (emotional, physical, sexual abuse and neglect) and adaptive (safety and competence) experiences, in different developmental phases (early childhood, latency, and adolescence) in mothers with a SUD...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770959/ten-years-of-the-surgical-safety-checklist
#3
T G Weiser, A B Haynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762292/a-dedicated-satellite-trauma-orthopaedic-program-operating-room-safely-increases-capacity
#4
Peter M Waters, Brian W Yang, Doreen White, Ellen Barth, Vincent Chiang, Arielle Mizrahi-Arnaud, William Sparks
BACKGROUND: Providing high-value care for urgent orthopaedic trauma patients requires effective and timely treatment. Herein, we describe the implementation of an innovative program utilizing the operating room (OR) capacity of a satellite campus to decrease stress on a pediatric tertiary care center without jeopardizing patient safety. METHODS: In addition to the daily emergency surgical room on the main campus, a dedicated orthopaedic trauma surgery OR was established in a satellite hospital location for 3 days per week in the summer and for 2 days per week for the rest of the year...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759676/outcomes-associated-with-electrical-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-when-performed-autonomously-by-an-advanced-practice-provider
#5
Theresa A Strzelczyk, Rachel M Kaplan, Meena Medler, Bradley P Knight
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of elective electrical cardioversion (CV) for atrial fibrillation (AF) when performed autonomously by a trained advanced practice provider (APP) using a guideline-directed protocol. BACKGROUND: APPs have emerged as an integral part of the cardiovascular team. METHODS: A licensed advanced practice nurse-clinical nurse specialist was trained and obtained credentials to perform CVs...
December 11, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755403/has-the-time-come-to-stratify-and-score-sudep-risk-to-inform-people-with-epilepsy-of-their-changes-in-safety
#6
Rohit Shankar, Craig Newman, Alistair Gales, Brendan N McLean, Jane Hanna, Samantha Ashby, Matthew C Walker, Josemir W Sander
Recent publication of the American Academy of Neurology SUDEP guidance highlighted the importance to American clinicians of making people with epilepsy aware of SUDEP risk. It is the first guideline to do this in the United States. It follows precedent set out in the UK by National Institute of Clinical Excellence in 2004. While a significant achievement, the lack of clarity of how to deliver this guidance in an enduring and person-centered manner, raises concerns on how its long-term effectiveness in risk mitigation...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753621/analysis-of-hospital-infection-register-indicates-that-the-implementation-of-who-surgical-safety-checklist-has-an-impact-on-early-postoperative-neurosurgical-infections
#7
Marjut Westman, Harri Marttila, Melissa Rahi, Esa Rintala, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Tuija Ikonen
WHO surgical safety checklist has been proven to reduce postoperative infections in several studies. The aim of our study was to focus on surgical site infections (SSIs) after neurosurgical operations, and to determine whether the checklist implementation would have an impact on the reported SSIs. We used hospital-acquired infection (HAI) register to evaluate the effects of WHO surgical safety checklist in neurosurgery. The HAI register was searched for superficial and deep SSIs, deep organ SSIs, infections following orthopaedic implantation, and other surgical infections of 4678 neurosurgical patients operated on between 2007 and 2011...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750904/perspectives-of-nurses-nurse-leaders-and-women-regarding-anticipatory-rounds-in-the-postpartum-period
#8
Ashley Wright, Marshe Suderman, Donna Moyer, Khristina Grimm, Karen H Morin
OBJECTIVE: To obtain the perspectives of staff nurses, nurse leaders, and women with regard to the relevance and timing of nursing interactions during anticipatory rounds in the postpartum period. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design using focus groups. SETTING: A hospital with 405 beds that serves a Midwestern U.S. community of approximately 256,000 people. PARTICIPANTS: A purposive sample of 12 staff nurses, 6 nurse leaders, and 15 women attended a total of 10 focus groups...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741460/applying-a-health-action-model-to-predict-and-improve-healthy-behaviors-in-coal-miners
#9
Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hadi Tehrani, Faeze Mohammadi, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Nooshin Peyman
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important ways to prevent work-related diseases in occupations such as mining is to promote healthy behaviors among miners. This study aimed to predict and promote healthy behaviors among coal miners by using a health action model (HAM). METHOD: The study was conducted on 200 coal miners in Iran in two steps. In the first step, a descriptive study was implemented to determine predictive constructs and effectiveness of HAM on behavioral intention...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737927/in-office-endoscopic-laryngeal-laser-procedures-a-patient-safety-initiative
#10
Jennifer Anderson, Yael Bensoussan, Richard Townsley, Erika Kell
Objective To review complications of in-office endoscopic laryngeal laser procedures after implementation of standardized safety protocol. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of the first 2 years of in-office laser procedures at St Michaels Hospital after the introduction of a standardized safety protocol. The protocol included patient screening, procedure checklist with standardized reporting of processes, medications, and complications. Primary outcomes measured were complication rates of in-office laryngeal laser procedures...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737922/use-of-the-who-surgical-safety-checklist-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Victoria Cadman
A wealth of research now exists surrounding use of the WHO surgical safety checklist. This paper reviews the literature regarding checklist use in developing countries. Results identify a lack of available literature specific to developing countries despite this potentially being where the greatest impact could be observed. Unique challenges of checklist use are discussed and opportunities for future research focusing on use of the checklist in developing countries suggested.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737504/inadequate-harms-reporting-in-randomized-control-trials-of-antibiotics-for-pediatric-acute-otitis-media-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie W Hum, Su Golder, Nader Shaikh
INTRODUCTION: Reporting of harms in randomized control trials is often inconsistent and inadequate. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of harms reporting in randomized control trials evaluating the efficacy of antibiotics used to treat pediatric acute otitis media and to investigate whether connections to pharmaceutical companies or the publication of the CONSORT-Harms extension influenced the quality of harms reporting. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We considered randomized control trials that evaluated the efficacy and safety of antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated acute otitis media in children aged 0-19...
May 8, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736769/world-health-organization-world-federation-of-societies-of-anaesthesiologists-who-wfsa-international-standards-for-a-safe-practice-of-anesthesia
#13
Adrian W Gelb, Wayne W Morriss, Walter Johnson, Alan F Merry
The International Standards for a Safe Practice of Anesthesia were developed on behalf of the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists (WFSA), a non-profit organization representing anesthesiologists in 150 countries, and the World Health Organization (WHO). The recommendations have been approved by WHO and the membership of WFSA. These Standards are applicable to all anesthesia providers throughout the world. They are intended to provide guidance and assistance to anesthesia providers, their professional organizations, hospital and facility administrators, and governments for maintaining and improving the quality and safety of anesthesia care...
May 7, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734240/world-health-organization-world-federation-of-societies-of-anaesthesiologists-who-wfsa-international-standards-for-a-safe-practice-of-anesthesia
#14
Adrian W Gelb, Wayne W Morriss, Walter Johnson, Alan F Merry, Anuja Abayadeera, Natalia Belîi, Sorin J Brull, Aline Chibana, Faye Evans, Cyril Goddia, Carolina Haylock-Loor, Fauzia Khan, Sandra Leal, Nan Lin, Richard Merchant, Mark W Newton, Jackie S Rowles, Arinola Sanusi, Iain Wilson, Adriana Velazquez Berumen
The International Standards for a Safe Practice of Anesthesia were developed on behalf of the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists (WFSA), a nonprofit organization representing anesthesiologists in 150 countries, and the World Health Organization (WHO). The recommendations have been approved by WHO and the membership of WFSA. These Standards are applicable to all anesthesia providers throughout the world. They are intended to provide guidance and assistance to anesthesia providers, their professional organizations, hospital and facility administrators, and governments for maintaining and improving the quality and safety of anesthesia care...
June 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727073/efficacy-safety-and-durability-of-repeated-ketamine-infusions-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-treatment-resistant-depression
#15
C Sophia Albott, Kelvin O Lim, Miriam K Forbes, Christopher Erbes, Susanna J Tye, John G Grabowski, Paul Thuras, Tegan M Batres-Y-Carr, Joseph Wels, Paulo R Shiroma
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the efficacy, safety, and durability of repeated ketamine infusions for the treatment of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in a sample of veterans. METHODS: Individuals with comorbid DSM-5-defined PTSD and DSM-IV-defined major depressive disorder (N = 15) received 6 intravenous ketamine infusions (0.5 mg/kg) on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule over a 12-day period from May 2015 to June 2016...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726807/fire-in-operating-theatres-dash-ing-to-the-rescue
#16
Liam Wilson, Omer Farooq
Operating theatres are dynamic environments that require multi professional team interactions. Effective team working is essential for efficient delivery of safe patient care. A fire in the operating theatre is a rare but potentially life threatening event for both patients and staff. A rapid and cohesive response from theatre and allied staff including porters, fire safety officer etc is paramount. We delivered a training session that utilised in situ simulation (simulation in workplace). After conducting needs analysis, learning objectives were agreed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726447/feasibility-and-design-of-an-electronic-surgical-safety-checklist-in-a-teaching-hospital-a-user-based-approach
#17
Karin Kiefel, Klaus Donsa, Peter Tiefenbacher, Robert Mischak, Gernot Brunner, Gerald Sendlhofer, Thomas Pieber
BACKGROUND: The Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) is routinely used in operating rooms (OR) but its acceptance is low. One promising way to improve acceptance of the SSC and thus quality of patient care is digitalization. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how a digitalization of the SSC could be implemented in a teaching hospital. Based on the identified user requirements we designed a first user interface (UI). METHOD: We performed a literature review, identified user perceptions and requirements during 12 interviews including a standardized questionnaire in surgical departments at the University Hospital Graz (Austria)...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723288/food-hygiene-and-safety-measures-among-food-handlers-in-street-food-shops-and-food-establishments-of-dessie-town-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Metadel Adane, Brhanu Teka, Yirga Gismu, Goitom Halefom, Muluneh Ademe
INTRODUCTION: In sub-Saharan Africa foodborne disease and foodborne disease outbreaks are frequently ascribed to poor personal hygiene of street food vendors and food handlers in food establishments. Evidence on the level of food hygiene practices and food safety measures among food handlers is required for proper planning and implementation of targeted interventions. In this study, we aimed to determine the level of food hygiene and safety measures among street food vendors and food handlers in food establishments of Dessie Town, Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719312/contrast-agents-and-observing-patient-safety-programs-in-radiology-departments-in-kermanshah-province-hospitals-in-west-of-iran
#19
Fatemhe Amiri, Mohammad Rasoul Tohidnia, Somayeh Haydarizadi, Rasool Azmoonfar
Introduction: Contrast agents play an important role in increasing the efficiency of diagnostic imaging techniques in the evaluation of vascular lesions, infections and tumors. Annually more than 70 million radiology tests performed using contrast agent materials in the world. Side effects of contrast agent can belief-threaten, so that observing safety guideline prescribed a key role in the patient's health. Aim: The aim of this study was evaluation of compliance with the instructions in the use of contrast agent materials in Kermanshah province Hospitals, West in Iran...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715598/administration-of-oxytocin-during-spontaneous-labour-a-national-vignette-based-study-among-midwives
#20
Johanne Isidore, Anne Rousseau
OBJECTIVE: (1) to assess variations in oxytocin use by midwives during spontaneous labour (indication, dose, moment), and (2) to identify factors potentially associated with oxytocin administration. DESIGN: descriptive cross-sectional study using a case-vignette and questionnaire among French midwives from November 2015 to May 2016. METHODS: Midwives were asked to complete an online survey including a case-vignette with hourly partograms of a slowly progressing labour, and a short self-administered questionnaire...
April 21, 2018: Midwifery
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