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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668145/-lost-in-transition-crossed-looks-on-the-18-25-years-old
#1
Sarah Depallens, Yusuke Leo Takeuchi, Katherine Roberts
Social determinants have an impact on patients' access to care and on their health at any age. Young adults are a population at risk of being affected in their health because of a lack of social protection or unavailability of healthcare system adapted to their specific needs. Primary healthcare providers need to identify that window of social vulnerability in order to avoid a discontinuation in healthcare and to prevent biopsychosocial co-morbidity leading to ongoing consequences on their health.
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#2
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668132/-shtlv-i-ii-seroprevalence-in-blood-donors-of-hospital-pablo-tob%C3%A3-n-uribe-blood-bank-during-the-period-2014-2015
#3
Manuela Muñoz, Santiago Carvalho, Jorge Hernando Donado, Gloria Eugenia Barco, Sergio Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: The human-T cell lymphotropic virus is a retrovirus with various types known so far. HTLV-I and HTLV-II are of clinically importance as they cause different diseases such as adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, tropical spastic paraparesis, and human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy (HAM). OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of presumptive and confirmatory reactivity to HTLV-I/II in blood donors of Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe Blood Bank between 2014 and 2015...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668123/nocardia-infections-in-the-transplanted-host
#4
M Hemmersbach-Miller, J E Stout, M H Woodworth, G M Cox, J L Saullo
BACKGROUND: Nocardia are uncommon pathogens that disproportionately afflict the immunocompromised host. Epidemiology and outcome data of Nocardia infections in transplant recipients are limited. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients at Duke University Hospital with a history of solid organ transplant (SOT) or hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) and at least one positive culture for Nocardia between 1996-2013. Our aim was to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of Nocardia infections in the transplanted host...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668122/aspergillus-infection-of-the-larynx-in-a-solid-organ-transplant-recipient
#5
Andrea Wisniowski-Yáñez, Jaqueline Ramírez-Anguiano, Rodrigo Rosado-Canto, Adolfo Valdivia-Cayoja, Teresa Pérez-Gutiérrez, Jennifer Cuellar-Rodriguez
Primary laryngeal aspergillosis is a rare condition. Only a few cases have been reported in the past years. Most of them have been reported in healthy patients or with a mild immunocompromised state. We report a case of primary laryngeal aspergillosis in a solid-organ transplant recipient (SOT), an infection not previously described in this population; we reviewed the published literature in all populations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668120/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-living-donor-liver-transplant-recipients-significantly-impacts-the-early-post-transplant-outcome-a-single-center-experience
#6
Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Sanjiv Saigal, Narendra Singh Choudhary, Sujeet Saha, Jayant Kumar Sah, Neeraj Saraf, Naveen Kumar, Sanjay Goja, Amit Rastogi, Prashant Bhangui, A S Soin
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral infection in liver transplant recipients that influences the outcomes of liver transplantation. However, its impact on early outcomes following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is not fully defined in the Indian subcontinent. This study was done to assess the impact of CMV infection on early post-transplant outcomes in LDLT recipients. METHODS: Out of 272 LDLTs performed from January 2012 to April 2013, 151 recipients underwent CMV viral load analysis in plasma within 90 days post LDLT based on clinical suspicion...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668080/control-of-the-ethylene-signaling-pathway-prevents-plant-defenses-during-intracellular-accommodation-of-the-rhizobia
#7
Fathi Berrabah, Thierry Balliau, El Hosseyn Aït-Salem, Jeoffrey George, Michel Zivy, Pascal Ratet, Benjamin Gourion
Massive intracellular populations of symbiotic bacteria, referred to as rhizobia, are housed in legume root nodules. Little is known about the mechanisms preventing the development of defense in these organs although genes such as symCRK and DNF2 of the model legume Medicago truncatula are required for this control after rhizobial internalization in host nodule cells. Here we investigated the molecular basis of the symbiotic control of immunity. Proteomic analysis was performed to compare functional (wild-type) and defending nodules (symCRK)...
April 18, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668067/social-inequality-in-cancer-survivors-health-behaviours-a-danish-population-based-study
#8
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668044/impairments-in-hemodynamic-responses-to-orthostasis-associated-with-frailty-results-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing-tilda
#9
Matthew Dl O'Connell, George M Savva, Ciarán Finucane, Roman Romero-Ortuno, Chie Wei Fan, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the relationships between orthostatic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate recovery and frailty in an older population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two health centers in the Republic of Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing participants aged 50 and older (N=4,334). MEASUREMENTS: Continuous noninvasive BP responses during active standing were captured using digital photoplethysmography...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668042/amazon-soil-charcoal-pyrogenic-carbon-stock-depends-of-ignition-source-distance-and-forest-type-in-roraima-brazil
#10
Lidiany C da Silva Carvalho, Philip M Fearnside, Marcelo T Nascimento, Reinaldo I Barbosa
Pyrogenic carbon (PyC) derived from charcoal particles (paleo + modern) deposited in the soil column has been little studied in the Amazon, and our understanding of the factors that control the spatial and vertical distribution of these materials in the region's forest soils is still unclear. The objective of this study was to test the effect of forest type and distance from the ignition source on the PyC stocks contained in macroscopic particles of soil charcoal (≥ 2 mm; 1-m depth) dispersed in ecotone forests of the northern Brazilian Amazon...
April 18, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668029/health-adjusted-life-expectancy-in-canada
#11
Tracey Bushnik, Michael Tjepkema, Laurent Martel
BACKGROUND: Over the past century, life expectancy at birth in Canada has risen substantially. However, these gains in the quantity of life say little about gains in the quality of life. DATA AND METHODS: Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE), an indicator of quality of life, was estimated for the household and institutional populations combined every four years from 1994/1995 to 2015. Health status was measured by the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 instrument in two national population health surveys, and was used to adjust life expectancy...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668027/heart-transplant-in-children-what-a-primary-care-provider-needs-to-know
#12
Swati Sehgal, Emily Shea, Lauren Kelm, Deepak Kamat
Heart transplantation is offered to children with heart failure that is not amenable to medical or surgical therapy. Indications for heart transplant include unrepairable congenital heart disease, failed palliation of congenital heart disease, and cardiomyopathies. There has been tremendous progress in this field since the first heart transplant was performed in 1967. Each year, approximately 500 pediatric heart transplants take place worldwide. Pediatric heart transplant survivors are living longer with their initial transplant...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668023/common-queries-about-immunizations-in-preterm-infants
#13
Ansul Asad
Preterm infants are at an increased risk of morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases. Despite this, delays in routine immunization of preterm infants are common. Available guidelines clearly state that they should be immunized according to chronological age, irrespective of gestational age and birth weight or current weight. In this article, we try to assuage parental and provider doubts by reviewing data about immunogenicity, safety, and responses to routine immunizations in preterm infants with and without comorbidities...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668018/how-strong-was-the-bottleneck-associated-to-the-peopling-of-the-americas-new-insights-from-multilocus-sequence-data
#14
Nelson J R Fagundes, Alice Tagliani-Ribeiro, Rohina Rubicz, Larissa Tarskaia, Michael H Crawford, Francisco M Salzano, Sandro L Bonatto
In spite of many genetic studies that contributed for a deep knowledge about the peopling of the Americas, no consensus has emerged about important parameters such as the effective size of the Native Americans founder population. Previous estimates based on genomic datasets may have been biased by the use of admixed individuals from Latino populations, while other recent studies using samples from Native American individuals relied on approximated analytical approaches. In this study we use resequencing data for nine independent regions in a set of Native American and Siberian individuals and a full-likelihood approach based on isolation-with-migration scenarios accounting for recent flow between Asian and Native American populations...
2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668017/phylogeographic-analyses-of-the-pampas-cat-leopardus-colocola-carnivora-felidae-reveal-a-complex-demographic-history
#15
Anelisie da Silva Santos, Tatiane Campos Trigo, Tadeu Gomes de Oliveira, Leandro Silveira, Eduardo Eizirik
The pampas cat is a small felid that occurs in open habitats throughout much of South America. Previous studies have revealed intriguing patterns of morphological differentiation and genetic structure among its populations, as well as molecular evidence for hybridization with the closely related L. tigrinus. Here we report phylogeographic analyses encompassing most of its distribution (focusing particularly on Brazilian specimens, which had been poorly sampled in previous studies), using a novel dataset comprising 2,143 bp of the mitogenome, along with previously reported mtDNA sequences...
2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668016/genetic-and-ecological-niche-modeling-of-calydorea-crocoides-iridaceae-an-endemic-species-of-subtropical-highland-grasslands
#16
Juliana Lustosa Matos de Alencar, Eliane Kaltchuk-Santos, Juliana Fachinetto, Luana Olinda Tacuatiá, Eliana Regina Forni-Martins, Eudes Maria Stiehl-Alves, Tatiana Teixeira de Souza-Chies
Evolutionary analyses have been widely used for evaluation of genetic diversity of natural populations and correlate these data to the fitness of the species, especially in the case of threatened species. Calydorea crocoides occurs in a restricted area at altitudes from 800 to 1500 m in southern Brazil and is considered endangered. A study assessing genetic diversity, cytogenetic features and ecological niche was performed aiming to characterize C. crocoides by multidisciplinary approaches. Molecular data highlighted that most of the total variation (76%; p < 0...
2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668015/skull-shape-and-size-variation-within-and-between-mendocinus-and-torquatus-groups-in-the-genus-ctenomys-rodentia-ctenomyidae-in-chromosomal-polymorphism-context
#17
Rodrigo Fornel, Pedro Cordeiro-Estrela, Thales Renato O de Freitas
We tested the association between chromosomal polymorphism and skull shape and size variation in two groups of the subterranean rodent Ctenomys. The hypothesis is based on the premise that chromosomal rearrangements in small populations, as it occurs in Ctenomys, produce reproductive isolation and allow the independent diversification of populations. The mendocinus group has species with low chromosomal diploid number variation (2n=46-48), while species from the torquatus group have a higher karyotype variation (2n=42-70)...
2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668011/effective-population-size-and-the-genetic-consequences-of-commercial-whaling-on-the-humpback-whales-megaptera-novaeangliae-from-southwestern-atlantic-ocean
#18
Ana Lúcia Cypriano-Souza, Tiago Ferraz da Silva, Márcia H Engel, Sandro L Bonatto
Genotypes of 10 microsatellite loci of 420 humpback whales from the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean population were used to estimate for the first time its contemporary effective (Ne) and census (Nc) population sizes and to test the genetic effect of commercial whaling. The results are in agreement with our previous studies that found high genetic diversity for this breeding population. Using an approximate Bayesian computation approach, the scenario of constant Ne was significantly supported over scenarios with moderate to strong size changes during the commercial whaling period...
2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668009/ecological-drivers-of-plant-genetic-diversity-at-the-southern-edge-of-geographical-distributions-forestal-vines-in-a-temperate-region
#19
Michel J F Barros, José Alexandre F Diniz-Filho, Loreta B Freitas
The Tropical Niche Conservatism hypothesis is one of the most relevant theories to explain why tropical diversity is high, although the mechanisms underlying this hypothesis require further clarification. A possible research avenue to address the underlying mechanisms includes determining population-level processes associated with such a hypothesis, in particular by trying to identify how adaptation may occur in extreme niche conditions at the edges of species ranges. However, the determinants of molecular diversity at the edges of geographical distributions of tropical taxa are still poorly known...
2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667872/detecting-european-rabbit-oryctolagus-cuniculus-disease-outbreaks-by-monitoring-digital-media
#20
David E Peacock, Tiggy L Grillo
  Digital media and digital search tools offer simple and effective means to monitor for pathogens and disease outbreaks in target organisms. Using tools such as Rich Site Summary feeds, and Google News and Google Scholar specific key word searches, international digital media were actively monitored from 2012 to 2016 for pathogens and disease outbreaks in the taxonomic order Lagomorpha, with a specific focus on the European rabbit ( Oryctolagus cuniculus). The primary objective was identifying pathogens for assessment as potential new biocontrol agents for Australia's pest populations of the European rabbit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
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