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P73 protein

Jakob Gebel, Laura M Luh, Daniel Coutandin, Christian Osterburg, Frank Löhr, Birgit Schäfer, Ann-Sophie Frombach, Manuela Sumyk, Lena Buchner, Tobias Krojer, Eidarus Salah, Sebastian Mathea, Peter Güntert, Stefan Knapp, Volker Dötsch
Members of the p53 tumor-suppressor family are expressed as multiple isoforms. Isoforms with an N-terminal transactivation domain are transcriptionally active, while those ones lacking this domain often inhibit the transcriptional activity of other family members. In squamous cell carcinomas, the high expression level of ΔNp63α inhibits the tumor-suppressor function of TAp73β. This can in principle be due to blocking of the promoter or by direct interaction between both proteins. p63 and p73 can hetero-oligomerize through their tetramerization domains and a hetero-tetramer consisting of two p63 and two p73 molecules is thermodynamically more stable than both homo-tetramers...
October 7, 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Pallab Ray, Deblina Guha, Juni Chakraborty, Shuvomoy Banerjee, Arghya Adhikary, Samik Chakraborty, Tanya Das, Gaurisankar Sa
Tumor suppressor p53 preserves the genomic integrity by restricting anomaly at the gene level. The hotspots for mutation in half of all colon cancers reside in p53. Hence, in a p53-mutated cellular milieu targeting cancer cells may be achievable by targeting the paralogue(s) of p53. Here we have shown the effectiveness of crocetin, a dietary component, in inducing apoptosis of colon cancer cells with varying p53 status. In wild-type p53-expressing cancer cells, p53 in one hand transactivates BAX and in parallel up-regulates p53-induced death domain protein (PIDD) that in turn cleaves and activates BID through caspase-2...
2016: Scientific Reports
Elio A Cino, Iaci N Soares, Murilo M Pedrote, Guilherme A P de Oliveira, Jerson L Silva
The p53 family of proteins is comprised of p53, p63 and p73. Because the p53 DNA binding domain (DBD) is naturally unstable and possesses an amyloidogenic sequence, it is prone to form amyloid fibrils, causing loss of functions. To develop p53 therapies, it is necessary to understand the molecular basis of p53 instability and aggregation. Light scattering, thioflavin T (ThT) and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) assays showed that p53 DBD aggregates faster and to a greater extent than p63 and p73 DBDs, and was more susceptible to denaturation...
2016: Scientific Reports
Eun Kyoung Choi, Seung-Mi Kim, Seung-Woo Hong, Jai-Hee Moon, Jae-Sik Shin, Jeong Hee Kim, Ih-Yeon Hwang, Soo-A Jung, Dae-Hee Lee, Eun Young Lee, Seul Lee, Hyunwoo Kim, Daejin Kim, Yeong Seok Kim, Youn Kyung Choi, Hyo In Kim, Hyeong Sim Choi, Sung-Gook Cho, Jeong Eun Kim, Kyu Pyo Kim, Yong Sang Hong, Won Keun Lee, Jung Shin Lee, Tae Won Kim, Seong-Gyu Ko, Dong-Hoon Jin
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a breast cancer subtype that has an aggressive phenotype, is highly metastatic, has limited treatment options and is associated with a poor prognosis. In addition, metastatic TNBC has no preferred standard chemotherapy due to resistance to anthracyclines and taxanes. The present study demonstrated that a herbal extract, SH003, reduced cell viability and induced apoptosis in TNBC without cell cytotoxicity. Cell viability was examined using trypan blue exclusion and colony formation assays, which revealed a decrease in the cell viability...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Danjie Jiang, Yirun Li, Qingxiao Hong, Yusheng Shen, Chunjing Xu, Yan Xu, Huangkai Zhu, Dongjun Dai, Guifang Ouyang, Shiwei Duan
Mounting evidence supports a role for DNA methylation in the pathogenesis of leukemia; however, there no overview of these results in the Chinese population. The present study performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to establish candidate genes with an altered methylation status in Chinese leukemia patients. Eligible studies were identified through searching the National Center of Biotechnology Information PubMed and Wanfang databases. Studies were pooled and overall odds ratios with corresponding confidence intervals were calculated...
September 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Danielly C F Costa, Guilherme A P de Oliveira, Elio A Cino, Iaci N Soares, Luciana P Rangel, Jerson L Silva
Prion diseases are disorders that share several characteristics that are typical of many neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, several studies have extended the prion concept to pathological aggregation in malignant tumors involving misfolded p53, a tumor-suppressor protein. The aggregation of p53 and its coaggregation with p53 family members, p63 and p73, have been shown. Certain p53 mutants exert a dominant-negative regulatory effect on wild-type (WT) p53. The basis for this dominant-negative effect is that amyloid-like mutant p53 converts WT p53 into an aggregated species, leading to a gain-of-function (GoF) phenotype and the loss of its tumor-suppressor function...
October 3, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Phaik Ju Teoh, Chonglei Bi, Chirackal Sintosebastian, Liang Seah Tay, Rafael Fonseca, Wee Joo Chng
Despite therapeutic advancement, multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable with drug resistance being one of the main challenges in the clinic. Myeloma cells possess high protein secretory load, leading to increased intracellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Hence, they are vulnerable to further perturbation to its protein homeostasis. In studying the therapeutic mechanism of PRIMA-1 (mutant-p53-reactivating-agent), we uncovered its novel p53-independent-mechanism that can be exploited for myeloma. Despite its inability in restoring the wild type-p53 protein conformation and transcriptional function in the mutant-p53-human-myeloma-cells, PRIMA-1 was efficacious against myeloma cells with differential p53 genotypes...
August 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Camille Jacques, Lidia Rodriguez Calleja, Marc Baud'huin, Thibaut Quillard, Dominique Heymann, François Lamoureux, Benjamin Ory
Osteosarcoma and Ewing Sarcoma are the two most common types of Bone Sarcomas, principally localized at the long bones of the extremities and mainly affecting adolescents and young adults. Cisplatin is one of the current options in the therapeutic arsenal of drugs available to cure these aggressive cancers. Unfortunately, chemoresistance against this agent is still a major cause of patient relapse. Thus, a better understanding of the molecular pathways by which these drugs induce cancer cell death, together with a better delineation of the origins of chemoresistance are required to improve the success rate of current treatments...
July 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Maria M Simile, Gavinella Latte, Maria I Demartis, Stefania Brozzetti, Diego F Calvisi, Alberto Porcu, Claudio F Feo, Maria A Seddaiu, Lucia Daino, Carmen Berasain, Maria L Tomasi, Matias A Avila, Francesco Feo, Rosa M Pascale
Previous studies showed that YAP1 is over-expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we observed higher expression of Yap1/Ctgf axis in dysplastic nodules and HCC chemically-induced in F344 rats, genetically susceptible to hepatocarcinogenesis, than in lesions induced in resistant BN rats. In BN rats, highest increase in Yap1-tyr357, p73 phosphorylation and Caspase 3 cleavage occurred. In human HCCs with poorer prognosis (< 3 years survival after partial liver resection, HCCP), levels of YAP1, CTGF, 14-3-3, and TEAD proteins, and YAP1-14-3-3 and YAP1-TEAD complexes were higher than in HCCs with better outcome (> 3 years survival; HCCB)...
June 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Yoon Hee Chung, Daejin Kim
The p53 family protein p73 plays an important role in apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic drugs. Transcriptionally active (TA) p73 (TAp73) substitutes for p53 in the response to stress. XIAP associated factor 1 (XAF1) is a novel predictive and prognostic factor in patients with bladder cancer, but the association between TAp73 and XAF1 expression in bladder cancer cells is poorly understood. Here, we investigated the status of TAp73 and XAF1 in T24 bladder cancer cells to identify molecular mechanisms in casticin‑exposed T24 cells...
August 2016: Oncology Reports
Tsung-Yao Lin, Ku-Chung Chen, Hsing-Jin Eugene Liu, Ann-Jeng Liu, Kun-Li Wang, Chwen-Ming Shih
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disease. Imatinib (IM), the first line treatment for CML, is excessively expensive and induces various side effects in CML patients. Therefore, it is essential to investigate a new strategy for improving CML therapy. Our immunoblot data revealed that RanGTPase activating protein 1 (RanGAP1) protein levels increased by approximately 30-fold in K562 cells compared with those in normal cells. RanGAP1 is one of the important components of RanGTPase system, which regulates the export of nuclear protein...
2016: PloS One
Nazem El Husseini, Ava E Schlisser, Barbara F Hales
Hydroxyurea, an anticancer agent and potent teratogen, induces oxidative stress and activates a DNA damage response pathway in the gestation day (GD) 9 mouse embryo. To delineate the stress response pathways activated by this drug, we investigated the effect of hydroxyurea exposure on the transcriptome of GD 9 embryos. Timed pregnant CD-1 mice were treated with saline or hydroxyurea (400 mg/kg or 600 mg/kg) on GD 9; embryonic gene and protein expression were examined 3 h later. Microarray analysis revealed that the expression of 1346 probe sets changed significantly in embryos exposed to hydroxyurea compared with controls; the P53 signaling pathway was highly affected...
August 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
H Zhao, Z Lu, F Bauzon, H Fu, J Cui, J Locker, L Zhu
SCF(Skp2/Cks1) ubiquitinates Thr187-phosphorylated p27 for degradation. Overexpression of Skp2 coupled with underexpression of p27 are frequent characteristics of cancer cells. When the role of SCF(Skp2/Cks1)-mediated p27 ubiquitination in cancer was specifically tested by p27 Thr187-to-Ala knockin (p27T187A KI), it was found dispensable for Kras(G12D)-induced lung tumorigenesis but essential for Rb1-deficient pituitary tumorigenesis. Here we identify pRb and p53 doubly deficient (DKO) prostate tumorigenesis as a context in which p27 ubiquitination by SCF(Skp2/Cks1) is required for p27 downregulation...
May 16, 2016: Oncogene
H Si, H Lu, X Yang, A Mattox, M Jang, Y Bian, E Sano, H Viadiu, B Yan, C Yau, S Ng, S K Lee, R-A Romano, S Davis, R L Walker, W Xiao, H Sun, L Wei, S Sinha, C C Benz, J M Stuart, P S Meltzer, C Van Waes, Z Chen
The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) network study of 12 cancer types (PanCancer 12) revealed frequent mutation of TP53, and amplification and expression of related TP63 isoform ΔNp63 in squamous cancers. Further, aberrant expression of inflammatory genes and TP53/p63/p73 targets were detected in the PanCancer 12 project, reminiscent of gene programs comodulated by cREL/ΔNp63/TAp73 transcription factors we uncovered in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). However, how inflammatory gene signatures and cREL/p63/p73 targets are comodulated genome wide is unclear...
May 2, 2016: Oncogene
Van-Nui Nguyen, Kai-Yao Huang, Julia Tzu-Ya Weng, K Robert Lai, Tzong-Yi Lee
Protein ubiquitylation catalyzed by E3 ubiquitin ligases are crucial in the regulation of many cellular processes. Owing to the high throughput of mass spectrometry-based proteomics, a number of methods have been developed for the experimental determination of ubiquitylation sites, leading to a large collection of ubiquitylation data. However, there exist no resources for the exploration of E3-ligase-associated regulatory networks of for ubiquitylated proteins in humans. Therefore, the UbiNet database was developed to provide a full investigation of protein ubiquitylation networks by incorporating experimentally verified E3 ligases, ubiquitylated substrates and protein-protein interactions (PPIs)...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Dong-Suk Kim, Huajun Jin, Vellareddy Anantharam, Richard Gordon, Arthi Kanthasamy, Anumantha G Kanthasamy
Chronic exposure to elevated levels of manganese (Mn) has been linked to a Parkinsonian-like movement disorder, resulting from dysfunction of the extrapyramidal motor system within the basal ganglia. However, the exact cellular and molecular mechanisms of Mn-induced neurotoxicity remain elusive. In this study, we treated C57/BL6J mice with 30mg/kg Mn via oral gavage for 30 days. Interestingly, in nigral tissues of Mn-exposed mice, we found a significant downregulation of the truncated isoform of p73 protein at the N-terminus (ΔNp73)...
April 20, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Giovanni Chillemi, Sebastian Kehrloesser, Francesca Bernassola, Alessandro Desideri, Volker Dötsch, Arnold J Levine, Gerry Melino
The family of the p53 tumor suppressive transcription factors includes p73 and p63 in addition to p53 itself. Given the high degree of amino-acid-sequence homology and structural organization shared by the p53 family members, they display some common features (i.e., induction of cell death, cell-cycle arrest, senescence, and metabolic regulation in response to cellular stress) as well as several distinct properties. Here, we describe the structural evolution of the family members with recent advances on the molecular dynamic studies of p53 itself...
April 18, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Samad Ghanizadeh-Vesali, Ali Zekri, Farhad Zaker, Azam Zaghal, Meysam Yousefi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
Aurora B kinase as a chromosomal passenger protein plays multiple roles in regulating mitosis and cytokinesis. The function of Aurora B in leukemic cells has made it an important treatment target. In this study, we explored the expressions of Aurora (A, B, and C) kinases in newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients. In addition, we investigated the effects of AZD1152 as a specific inhibitor of Aurora B on cell survival, DNA synthesis, nuclear morphology, apoptosis induction, cell cycle distribution, and gene expression in an APL-derived NB4 cell line...
June 2016: Annals of Hematology
Maria Ferraiuolo, Silvia Di Agostino, Giovanni Blandino, Sabrina Strano
The p53 gene family members p53, p73, and p63 display several isoforms derived from the presence of internal promoters and alternative splicing events. They are structural homologs but hold peculiar functional properties. p53, p73, and p63 are tumor suppressor genes that promote differentiation, senescence, and apoptosis. p53, unlike p73 and p63, is frequently mutated in cancer often displaying oncogenic "gain of function" activities correlated with the induction of proliferation, invasion, chemoresistance, and genomic instability in cancer cells...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
Mingli Liu, Carmen Dickinson-Copeland, Salifu Hassana, Jonathan K Stiles
Heme is cytotoxic to the plasmodium parasite, which converts it to an insoluble crystalline form called hemozoin (malaria pigment) in erythrocytes during replication. The increased serum levels of free heme cause tissue damage, activation of microvascular endothelial and glial cells, focal inflammation, activation of apoptotic pathways, and neuronal tissue damage. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain how these causative factors exacerbate fatal malaria. However, none of them fully explain the detailed mechanisms leading to the high morbidity and mortality associated with malaria...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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