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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917403/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-late-onset-retinal-degeneration
#1
Vasileios T Papastavrou, Shyamanga Borooah, Jill M O'Brien, Neeta Ray-Chaudhuri, Baljean Dhillon, Rute V Vieira, Andrew C Browning
PURPOSE: To review the outcomes in a series of patients with long anterior lens zonular fibers associated with late-onset retinal degeneration who had phacoemulsification cataract surgery. SETTING: Newcastle Eye Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were patients with genetically confirmed late-onset retinal degeneration requiring cataract surgery...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916115/-retinal-vein-occlusions
#2
REVIEW
A Pierru, J-F Girmens, E Héron, M Paques
Retinal venous occlusions comprise central retinal vein occlusion, hemiretinal vein occlusions, and branch retinal vein occlusions. They are associated with arterial hypertension and glaucoma. Retinal vein occlusions occur more frequently in males, at a median age of 55. The pathogenesis of retinal venous occlusions remains obscure. The clinical presentation of the disease is variable. In most cases, there is a unilateral visual loss over days with a painless, white and quiet eye. However, retinal venous occlusions may also present as an abrupt and profound loss of vision, or be asymptomatic...
September 12, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914005/delayed-absorption-of-subretinal-fluid-after-retinal-reattachment-surgery-and-associated-choroidal-features
#3
Jong Min Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Ga Eun Cho, Kunho Bae, Ju Yeun Lee, Gyule Han, Se Woong Kang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and associated clinical factors of delayed absorption of subretinal fluid (SRF) after surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS: This study involved 36 eyes of 36 consecutive patients who underwent successful surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. A complete ophthalmologic evaluation, including clinical fundus examination, optical coherence tomography, and indocyanine green angiography, was conducted before and after surgery...
September 11, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912514/retinal-changes-following-rapid-ascent-to-a-high-altitude-environment
#4
X Tian, B Zhang, Y Jia, C Wang, Q Li
PurposeTo determine what impact rapid ascension to a high-altitude environment has on the retina with the aim of preventing and treating high-altitude oculopathy.Patients and methodsParticipants in the study were members of the Chinese military assigned to the high-altitude environment of the Tibetan plateau. Ninety-one participants were enrolled in the study. Optical coherence tomography was used to measure the thickness of retina-related indicators. Measurements were taken before and after exposure to the high-altitude environment and upon return to the baseline altitude...
September 15, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911990/peri-dome-choroidal-deepening-in-highly-myopic-eyes-with-dome-shaped-maculas
#5
Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, Yuxin Fang, Kengo Uramoto, Kosei Shinohara, Tae Yokoi, Tomoka Ishida, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To determine characteristics of peri-dome choroidal deepening (PDCD) surrounding dome-shaped maculas (DSMs) in highly myopic eyes. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Applying swept-source optical coherence tomography, we examined the posterior pole of highly myopic eyes with DSMs. RESULTS: The study included 91 highly myopic eyes (67 patients; mean age: 60.0±15.1 years; mean axial length: 30.0±7.4mm) with a mean dome height of the DSM of 232±132 μm...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910439/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography-in-children-with-amblyopia
#6
Marcela Lonngi, Federico G Velez, Irena Tsui, Juan Pablo Davila, Mansour Rahimi, Clarissa Chan, David Sarraf, Joseph L Demer, Stacy L Pineles
Importance: Amblyopia is the most common cause of visual impairment in childhood, with a prevalence of 1% to 4% in children in the United States. To date, no studies using noninvasive optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) have measured blood flow in the retinal capillary layers in children with amblyopia. Objective: To evaluate the retinal and microvascular features using OCTA in children (<18 years) with amblyopia. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational case-control study enrolled patients from September 1, 2016, through May 31, 2017, and was conducted from September 1, 2016, through June 30, 2017, at the Stein Eye Institute at UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles)...
September 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902881/perioperative-factors-that-are-significantly-correlated-with-final-visual-acuity-in-eyes-after-successful-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-surgery
#7
Misato Kobayashi, Takeshi Iwase, Kentaro Yamamoto, Eimei Ra, Kenta Murotani, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To determine the perioperative factors that are significantly correlated with the final visual acuity following reattachment of a macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) by vitrectomy. METHODS: Twenty-nine eyes of 29 patients with a successfully reattached RRD by vitrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic images of the macular regions were used to measure the thicknesses of the retinal layers and the integrity of the microstructures of the photoreceptors at 2 weeks, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months following the vitrectomy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902720/evaluation-of-the-macula-prior-to-cataract-surgery
#8
Marta McKeague, Priya Sharma, Allen C Ho
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent evidence regarding methods of evaluation of retinal structure and function prior to cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies in patients with cataract but no clinically detectable retinal disease have shown that routine use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) prior to cataract surgery can detect subtle macular disease, which may alter the course of treatment or lead to modification of consent. The routine use of OCT has been especially useful in patients being considered for advanced-technology intraocular lenses (IOLs) as subtle macular disease can be a contraindication to the use of these lenses...
September 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900746/electrophysiological-features-and-multimodal-imaging-in-ritonavir-related-maculopathy
#9
Céline Faure, Michel Paques, Isabelle Audo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report a case of ritonavir-related retinal toxicity followed over a year. Electrophysiological features and multimodal imaging, including adaptive optics, are provided and discussed. METHODS: Electrophysiological recordings and multimodal imaging were performed and repeated over 1 year. RESULTS: Fundus examination revealed crystalline maculopathy in conjunction with pigment disruption. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography displayed thinning of the macula without cysts...
September 12, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900543/switching-to-aflibercept-in-diabetic-macular-edema-not-responding-to-ranibizumab-and-or-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant
#10
Antoine Herbaut, Franck Fajnkuchen, Lise Qu-Knafo, Sylvia Nghiem-Buffet, Bahram Bodaghi, Audrey Giocanti-Auregan
PURPOSE: To assess short-term functional and anatomical outcomes of refractory diabetic macular edema (DME) following a switch from ranibizumab or dexamethasone to aflibercept. METHODS: We included retrospectively eyes with persistent DME after at least 3 ranibizumab and/or one dexamethasone implant intravitreal injections (IVI). The primary endpoint was the mean change in visual acuity (VA) at month 6 (M6) after switching. RESULTS: Twenty-five eyes were included...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892948/microperimetry-a-new-tool-for-assessing-retinal-sensitivity-in-macular-diseases
#11
Memota Laishram, Krishnagopal Srikanth, A R Rajalakshmi, Swathi Nagarajan, G Ezhumalai
INTRODUCTION: Macular disease is the leading cause of low vision in the Western world. Drusen and pigmentary irregularities are common among the rural Northern Indian population. The disease process leads to loss of central vision, metamorphopsia, macropsia or micropsia and colour vision defect. AIM: To study the retinal sensitivity changes in macular diseases using microperimetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was an observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a rural tertiary care hospital...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885326/melanoma-in-situ-of-penis-a-very-rare-entity-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Roberto Baraziol, Mauro Schiavon, Eugenio Fraccalanza, Gioacchino De Giorgi
RATIONALE: Melanoma in situ of the penis is very rare and there are no clear guidelines for its surgical treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: The authors describe the case of a 69-year-old man who presented with an asymptomatic brown macula on his glans penis and foreskin that appeared about 8 years earlier, enlarged in the last few months. DIAGNOSES: A diagnostic biopsy showed the characteristics of a melanoma in situ. INTERVENTIONS: The authors decided to excise the lesion keeping a healthy margin of 1 cm all over around except close to the urethral meatus, where it was impossible, and where only 5 mm of free margin was excised...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884025/the-pattern-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-macular-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-changes-in-glaucoma
#13
Jin A Choi, Hye-Young Shin, Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Chan Kee Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the patterns of retinal ganglion cell damage at different stages of glaucoma, using the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macula ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thicknesses. METHODS: In 296 eyes of 296 glaucoma patients and 55 eyes of 55 healthy controls, the correlations of mean deviation (MD) with the superior and inferior quadrant RNFL/GCIPL thickness (defined as the average of three superior and inferior sectors, resp...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875282/refining-coats-disease-by-ultra-widefield-imaging-and-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#14
Alessandro Rabiolo, Alessandro Marchese, Riccardo Sacconi, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Andrea Grosso, Lea Querques, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to describe ultra-widefield (UWF) imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) findings in affected and fellow eyes of patients with Coats' disease. METHODS: Consecutive patients affected by Coats' disease were prospectively recruited at the Department of Ophthalmology, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy in this cross-sectional, observational study. Patients underwent UWF color fundus photographs, UWF green autofluorescence, UWF fluorescein angiography (FA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), with 3 × 3 mm and 6 × 6 mm OCT-A scans of the macula...
September 5, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872246/juckende-erythemat%C3%A3-se-papeln-und-br%C3%A3-unliche-maculae-an-rumpf-und-beinen
#15
Mona Bidier, Delnaz Delavari, Eva N Hadaschik, Ferdinand Toberer, Alexander H Enk, Anke S Lonsdorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871668/retina-and-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-eyes-with-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#16
Sharon Blum Meirovitch, Igal Leibovitch, Anat Kesler, David Varssano, Amir Rosenblatt, Meira Neudorfer
BACKGROUND: Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an inflammatory disease that affects the thyroid gland and the eye orbit. Of patients with TAO, 3%-5% have severe sight-threatening disease due to optic neuropathy Optical coherence tomography (OCT), the non-invasive imaging technology that yields high-resolution cross-sectional images of the retina, provides qualitative and quantitative data on the retina. OBJECTIVES: To apply this technique to quantitatively assess retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ring thicknesses in healthy subjects and in patients with TAO to determine their relationship to the severity of the orbital disease...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860042/oct-angiography-and-ultra-widefield-fluorescein-angiography-for-early-detection-of-adolescent-sickle-retinopathy
#17
Daniel A Pahl, Nancy S Green, Monica Bhatia, Margaret T Lee, Jonathan S Chang, Maureen Licursi, Courtney Briamonte, Elana Smilow, Royce W S Chen
PURPOSE: Using standard screening techniques, sickle retinopathy reportedly occurs in 10% of adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). We performed a prospective, observational clinical study to determine if ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFA), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) detect more frequent retinopathy in adolescents with SCD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Setting: Institutional...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859157/pseudophakic-retinal-detachment-in-young-aged-patients
#18
Thomas Laube, Claudia Brockmann, Nils Lehmann, Norbert Bornfeld
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors for retinal detachment (RD) after cataract surgery or refractive lens exchange (RLE) in patients aged below 61 years. METHODS: Retrospective medical chart review of 7,886 patients (13,925 eyes) who underwent cataract surgery or RLE. Patients aged below 61 years were selected. Age, gender, axial length, follow-up times, and the occurrence of RD were recorded. Additional characteristics documented for RD cases were: history of RD, preexisting retinal findings, laser capsulotomy, status of macula at RD, date and details of RD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858159/reproducibility-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-macular-and-optic-nerve-head-vascular-density-in-glaucoma-and-healthy-eyes
#19
Patricia Isabel C Manalastas, Linda M Zangwill, Luke J Saunders, Kaweh Mansouri, Akram Belghith, Min Hee Suh, Adeleh Yarmohammadi, Rafaella C Penteado, Tadamichi Akagi, Takuhei Shoji, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is a non-invasive technology that allows visualization of retinal blood vessels. It is important to determine reproducibility of measurements as low precision can impair its diagnostic capabilities. The purpose of this study is to determine intra-visit and inter-visit reproducibility of optic nerve head (ONH) and macular vessel density measurements with OCT-A. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers and fourteen glaucoma patients completed two OCT-A (AngioVue; Optovue Inc...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851319/absolute-and-estimated-values-of-macular-pigment-optical-density-in-young-and-aged-asian-participants-with-or-without-age-related-macular-degeneration
#20
Yoko Ozawa, Yuta Shigeno, Norihiro Nagai, Misa Suzuki, Toshihide Kurihara, Sakiko Minami, Eri Hirano, Hajime Shinoda, Saori Kobayashi, Kazuo Tsubota
BACKGROUND: Lutein and zeaxanthin are suggested micronutrient supplements to prevent the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness worldwide. To monitor the levels of lutein/zeaxanthin in the macula, macular pigment optical density (MPOD) is measured. A commercially available device (MPSII®, Elektron Technology, Switzerland), using technology based on heterochromatic flicker photometry, can measure both absolute and estimated values of MPOD. However, whether the estimated value is applicable to Asian individuals and/or AMD patients remains to be determined...
August 29, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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