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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649632/three-dimensional-organotypic-co-culture-model-of-intestinal-epithelial-cells-and-macrophages-to-study-salmonella-enterica-colonization-patterns
#1
Jennifer Barrila, Jiseon Yang, Aurélie Crabbé, Shameema F Sarker, Yulong Liu, C Mark Ott, Mayra A Nelman-Gonzalez, Simon J Clemett, Seth D Nydam, Rebecca J Forsyth, Richard R Davis, Brian E Crucian, Heather Quiriarte, Kenneth L Roland, Karen Brenneman, Clarence Sams, Christine Loscher, Cheryl A Nickerson
Three-dimensional models of human intestinal epithelium mimic the differentiated form and function of parental tissues often not exhibited by two-dimensional monolayers and respond to Salmonella in key ways that reflect in vivo infections. To further enhance the physiological relevance of three-dimensional models to more closely approximate in vivo intestinal microenvironments encountered by Salmonella, we developed and validated a novel three-dimensional co-culture infection model of colonic epithelial cells and macrophages using the NASA Rotating Wall Vessel bioreactor...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631256/vulnerability-to-a-metabolic-challenge-following-perinatal-asphyxia-evaluated-by-organotypic-cultures-neonatal-nicotinamide-treatment
#2
R Perez-Lobos, C Lespay-Rebolledo, A Tapia-Bustos, E Palacios, V Vío, D Bustamante, P Morales, M Herrera-Marschitz
The hypothesis of enhanced vulnerability following perinatal asphyxia was investigated with a protocol combining in vivo and in vitro experiments. Asphyxia-exposed (AS) (by 21 min water immersion of foetuses containing uterine horns) and caesarean-delivered control (CS) rat neonates were used at P2-3 for preparing triple organotypic cultures (substantia nigra, neostriatum and neocortex). At DIV 18, cultures were exposed to different concentrations of H2O2 (0.25-45 mM), added to the culture medium for 18 h...
June 19, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630165/the-cell-adhesion-molecule-chl1-interacts-with-patched-1-to-regulate-apoptosis-during-postnatal-cerebellar-development
#3
Jelena Katic, Gabriele Loers, Jelena Tosic, Melitta Schachner, Ralf Kleene
The immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule close homolog of L1 (CHL1) plays important roles during nervous system development. Here, we identified the hedgehog receptor patched-1 (PTCH1) as novel CHL1 binding partner and showed that CHL1 interacts with the first extracellular loop of PTCH1 via its extracellular domain. Co-localization and -immunoprecipitation of CHL1 with PTCH1 suggest an association of CHL1 with this major component of the hedgehog signaling pathway. The trans-interaction of CHL1 with PTCH1 promotes neuronal survival in cultures of dissociated cerebellar granule cells and of organotypic cerebellar slices...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628116/cadherin-composition-and-multicellular-aggregate-invasion-in-organotypic-models-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-intraperitoneal-metastasis
#4
Y Klymenko, O Kim, E Loughran, J Yang, R Lombard, M Alber, M S Stack
During epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) progression, intraperitoneally disseminating tumor cells and multicellular aggregates (MCAs) present in ascites fluid adhere to the peritoneum and induce retraction of the peritoneal mesothelial monolayer prior to invasion of the collagen-rich submesothelial matrix and proliferation into macro-metastases. Clinical studies have shown heterogeneity among EOC metastatic units with respect to cadherin expression profiles and invasive behavior; however, the impact of distinct cadherin profiles on peritoneal anchoring of metastatic lesions remains poorly understood...
June 19, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627458/sirna-loaded-biodegradable-nanocarriers-for-therapeutic-mapk1-silencing-against-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity
#5
Ibrahima Youm, Matthew B West, Wei Li, Xiaoping Du, Donald L Ewert, Richard D Kopke
Ototoxicity represents a major adverse side-effect of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum-II (cisplatin, CDDP). The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is thought to play a central role in potentiating the apoptotic effect of CDDP within the cochlea. We hypothesized that prophylactic inhibition of MAPK signaling, using small interfering RNA (siRNA), might confer a protective effect against CDDP-induced apoptosis within the auditory sensory epithelia. To enhance the therapeutic utility of this approach, we synthesized biocompatible siMAPK1-loaded nanoparticles (NPs) and performed physicochemical characterizations for size, morphology, drug loading and release kinetics, using dynamic light scattering, electron microscopy and spectrophotometric analyses, respectively...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627413/modeling-esophagitis-using-human-three-dimensional-organotypic-culture-system
#6
Dorottya Laczkó, Fang Wang, F Bradley Johnson, Nirag Jhala, András Rosztóczy, Gregory G Ginsberg, Gary W Falk, Anil K Rustgi, John P Lynch
Esophagitis, whether caused by acid reflux, allergic responses, graft-versus-host disease, drugs, or infections, is a common condition of the gastrointestinal tract affecting nearly 20% of the US population. The instigating agent typically triggers an inflammatory response. The resulting inflammation is a risk factor for the development of esophageal strictures, Barrett esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Research into the pathophysiology of these conditions has been limited by the availability of animal and human model systems...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619261/sequestosome-1-sqstm1-p62-maintains-protein-folding-capacity-under-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-mouse-hypothalamic-organotypic-culture
#7
Takashi Tominaga, Motomitsu Goto, Takeshi Onoue, Akira Mizoguchi, Mariko Sugiyama, Taku Tsunekawa, Daisuke Hagiwara, Yoshiaki Morishita, Yoshihiro Ito, Shintaro Iwama, Hidetaka Suga, Ryoichi Banno, Hiroshi Arima
Sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) also known as ubiquitin-binding protein p62 (p62) is a cargo protein involved in the degradation of misfolded proteins via selective autophagy. Disruption of autophagy and resulting accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leads to ER stress. ER stress is implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases and obesity. As knockout of p62 (p62KO) reportedly induces obesity in mice, we examined how p62 contributes to ER stress and the ensuing unfolded protein response (UPR) in hypothalamus using mouse organotypic cultures in the present study...
June 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618115/iron-sulfur-glutaredoxin-2-protects-oligodendrocytes-against-damage-induced-by-nitric-oxide-release-from-activated-microglia
#8
Klaudia Lepka, Katrin Volbracht, Eckhard Bill, Reiner Schneider, Natalia Rios, Thomas Hildebrandt, Jens Ingwersen, Timur Prozorovski, Christopher Horst Lillig, Jack van Horssen, Lawrence Steinman, Hans-Peter Hartung, Rafael Radi, Arne Holmgren, Orhan Aktas, Carsten Berndt
Demyelinated brain lesions, a hallmark of autoimmune neuroinflammatory diseases like multiple sclerosis, result from oligodendroglial cell damage. Activated microglia are considered a major source of nitric oxide and subsequent peroxynitrite-mediated damage of myelin. Here, we provide biochemical and biophysical evidence that the oxidoreductase glutaredoxin 2 inhibits peroxynitrite formation by transforming nitric oxide into dinitrosyl-diglutathionyl-iron-complexes. Glutaredoxin 2 levels influence both survival rates of primary oligodendrocyte progenitor cells and preservation of myelin structure in cerebellar organotypic slice cultures challenged with activated microglia or nitric oxide donors...
June 15, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617871/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-plays-roles-in-epstein-barr-virus-s-natural-life-cycle-and-tumorigenesis-by-inducing-lytic-infection-through-direct-binding-to-the-immediate-early-bzlf1-gene-promoter
#9
Richard J Kraus, Xianming Yu, Blue-Leaf A Cordes, Saraniya Sathiamoorthi, Tawin Iempridee, Dhananjay M Nawandar, Shidong Ma, James C Romero-Masters, Kyle G McChesney, Zhen Lin, Kathleen R Makielski, Denis L Lee, Paul F Lambert, Eric C Johannsen, Shannon C Kenney, Janet E Mertz
When confronted with poor oxygenation, cells adapt by activating survival signaling pathways, including the oxygen-sensitive transcriptional regulators called hypoxia-inducible factor alphas (HIF-αs). We report here that HIF-1α also regulates the life cycle of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Incubation of EBV-positive gastric carcinoma AGS-Akata and SNU-719 and Burkitt lymphoma Sal and KemIII cell lines with a prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, L-mimosine or deferoxamine, or the NEDDylation inhibitor MLN4924 promoted rapid and sustained accumulation of both HIF-1α and lytic EBV antigens...
June 15, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615209/in-vitro-replication-of-chelonid-herpesvirus-5-in-organotypic-skin-cultures-from-hawaiian-green-turtles-chelonia-mydas
#10
Thierry M Work, Julie Dagenais, Tina M Weatherby, George H Balazs, Mathias Ackermann
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a tumor disease of marine turtles associated with Chelonid herpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) that has historically been refractory to growth in tissue culture. Here, we show for the first time de novo formation of ChHV5-positive intranuclear inclusions in cultured green turtle cells, which is indicative for active lytic replication of the virus. The minimal requirements to achieve lytic replication in cultured cells included 1) either in-vitro culturing of ChHV5-positive tumor biopsies (plugs) or organotypic cultures (rafts) consisting of ChHV5-positive turtle fibroblasts in collagen rafts seeded with turtle keratinocytes and 2) keratinocyte maturation induced by raising raft or biopsy cultures to the air-liquid interface...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614607/anatomical-and-functional-implications-of-crh-neurons-in-a-septal-nucleus-of-the-avian-brain-an-emphasis-on-glial-neuronal-interaction-via-v1a-receptors-in-vitro
#11
Gurueswar Nagarajan, Alexander Jurkevich, Seong W Kang, Wayne J Kuenzel
Previously, we showed that corticotropin releasing hormone immunoreactive (CRH-ir) neurons in a septal structure are associated with stress and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis in birds. In this study, we focused upon CRH-ir neurons located within the septal structure called the nucleus of the hippocampal commissure (NHpC). Immunocytochemical and gene expression analyses were used to identify the anatomical and functional characteristics of cells within the NHpC. A comparative morphometry analysis showed that CRH-ir neurons in the NHpC were significantly larger than CRH-ir parvocellular neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) and lateral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611308/an-oral-keratinocyte-life-cycle-model-identifies-novel-host-genome-regulation-by-human-papillomavirus-16-relevant-to-hpv-positive-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
Michael R Evans, Claire D James, Oonagh Loughran, Tara J Nulton, Xu Wang, Molly L Bristol, Brad Windle, Iain M Morgan
Many aspects of the HPV life cycle have been characterized in cervical cell lines (W12, CIN612) and in HPV immortalized primary foreskin keratinocytes. There is now an epidemic of HPV positive oropharyngeal cancers (HPV16 is responsible for 80-90% of these); therefore increased understanding of the HPV16 life cycle in oral keratinocytes is a priority. To date there have been limited reports characterizing the HPV16 life cycle in oral keratinocytes. Using TERT immortalized "normal" oral keratinocytes (NOKs) we generated clonal cell lines maintaining the HPV16 genome as an episome, NOKs+HPV16...
June 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601643/heterogeneous-cadherin-expression-and-multicellular-aggregate-dynamics-in-ovarian-cancer-dissemination
#13
Yuliya Klymenko, Jeffrey Johnson, Brandi Bos, Rachel Lombard, Leigh Campbell, Elizabeth Loughran, M Sharon Stack
Epithelial ovarian carcinoma spreads via shedding of cells and multicellular aggregates (MCAs) from the primary tumor into peritoneal cavity, with subsequent intraperitoneal tumor cell:mesothelial cell adhesion as a key early event in metastatic seeding. Evaluation of human tumor extracts and tissues confirms that well-differentiated ovarian tumors express abundant E-cadherin (Ecad), whereas advanced lesions exhibit upregulated N-cadherin (Ncad). Two expression patterns are observed: "mixed cadherin," in which distinct cells within the same tumor express either E- or Ncad, and "hybrid cadherin," wherein single tumor cell(s) simultaneously expresses both cadherins...
June 8, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599269/inhibition-of-extracellular-matrix-mediated-tgf-%C3%AE-signalling-suppresses-endometrial-cancer-metastasis
#14
Subhransu S Sahoo, Min Yuan Quah, Sarah Nielsen, Joshua Atkins, Gough G Au, Murray J Cairns, Pravin Nahar, Janine M Lombard, Pradeep S Tanwar
Although aggressive invasion and distant metastases are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with endometrial cancer (EC), the requisite events determining this propensity are currently unknown. Using organotypic three-dimensional culture of endometrial cancer cell lines, we demonstrated anti-correlated TGF-β signalling gene expression patterns that arise among extracellular matrix (ECM)-attached cells. TGF-β pathway seemed to be active in EC cells forming non-glandular colonies in 3D-matrix but weaker in glandular colonies...
May 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599074/beyond-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-common-suppression-of-differentiation-programs-underlies-epithelial-barrier-dysfunction-in-mild-moderate-and-severe-asthma
#15
Lucas F Loffredo, Hiam Abdala-Valencia, Kishore R Anekalla, Lyda Cuervo-Pardo, Cara J Gottardi, Sergejs Berdnikovs
BACKGROUND: Epithelial barrier dysfunction is a central feature in the pathogenesis of allergic disease. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been proposed as one mechanism afflicting barrier in asthma. However, genes and pathways involved in aberrant epithelial-mesenchymal signaling, and their relationship to asthma severity, are poorly understood. METHODS: We used unbiased gene network analysis to evaluate functional convergence in epithelial gene expression signatures across multiple public access transcriptomics datasets of human asthma, followed by text mining to evaluate functional marker relevance of discovered genes...
June 9, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596120/myelin-induced-inhibition-in-a-spiral-ganglion-organ-culture-approaching-a-natural-environment-in-vitro
#16
Benedikt Kramer, Anke Tropitzsch, Marcus Müller, Hubert Löwenheim
The performance of a cochlear implant depends on the defined interaction between afferent neurons of the spiral ganglion and the inserted electrode. Neurite outgrowth can be induced by neurotrophins such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) via tropomyosin kinase receptor B (TrkB). However, neurotrophin signaling through the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75) inhibits neurite outgrowth in the presence of myelin. Organotypic cultures derived from postnatal (P3-5) mice were used to study myelin-induced inhibition in the cochlear spiral ganglion...
June 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586546/a-bioartificial-environment-for-kidney-epithelial-cells-based-on-a-supramolecular-polymer-basement-membrane-mimic-and-an-organotypical-culture-system
#17
Björne B Mollet, Iven L J Bogaerts, Geert C van Almen, Patricia Y W Dankers
Renal applications in healthcare, such as renal replacement therapies and nephrotoxicity tests, could potentially benefit from bioartificial kidney membranes with fully differentiated and functional human tubular epithelial cells. A replacement of the natural environment of these cells is required to maintain and study cell functionality cell differentiation in vitro. Our approach was based on synthetic supramolecular biomaterials to mimic the natural basement membrane (BM) on which these cells grow and a bioreactor to provide the desired organotypical culture parameters...
June 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575648/mutations-in-sult2b1-cause-autosomal-recessive-congenital-ichthyosis-in-humans
#18
Lisa Heinz, Gwang-Jin Kim, Slaheddine Marrakchi, Julie Christiansen, Hamida Turki, Marc-Alexander Rauschendorf, Mark Lathrop, Ingrid Hausser, Andreas D Zimmer, Judith Fischer
Ichthyoses are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of genodermatoses associated with abnormal scaling of the skin over the whole body. Mutations in nine genes are known to cause non-syndromic forms of autosomal-recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI). However, not all genetic causes for ARCI have been discovered to date. Using whole-exome sequencing (WES) and multigene panel screening, we identified 6 ARCI-affected individuals from three unrelated families with mutations in Sulfotransferase family 2B member 1 (SULT2B1), showing their causative association with ARCI...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557388/-effect-of-genetically-coded-amino-acids-and-their-precursors-carboxylic-acids-on-the-cellular-proliferation-in-the-organotypic-culture-of-spleen-in-young-and-old-rats
#19
N I Chalisova, T Y Vahitov, E V Polevaya, L S Kozina, E A Kontsevaya, T S Sall, E S Zalomaeva
Effect of carboxylic acids - structurally related to amino acids, on the proliferation activity of the cells in organotypic cultures of rat spleen was first studied. It was found that almost all aliphatic carboxylic acids have stimulating effects on proliferative activity of cells in young and old rats. In contrast only 3 from 14 active amino acids in young rats were able stimulate proliferation, but 11 amino acids inhibited it. In the old rats a number of the active amino acids was decreased until 4, an inhibiting effect was observed in 3 of them...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557377/wet-amd-on-a-chip-modeling-outer-blood-retinal-barrier-in-vitro
#20
Minhwan Chung, Somin Lee, Byung Joo Lee, Kyungmin Son, Noo Li Jeon, Jeong Hun Kim
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid complex constituting outer blood retinal barrier (oBRB) is a critical pathological step in various ophthalmic diseases, which results in blindness, such as wet type age-related macula degeneration. Current in vitro experimental models using petri dishes or transwell are unable to study CNV morphogenesis. Here, a unique organotypic eye-on-a-chip model is described that mimics the RPE-choroid complex in vitro. This model consists of an RPE monolayer and adjacent perfusable blood vessel network, which is supporting barrier function of oBRB...
May 29, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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