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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099064/surgical-intervention-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-pediatric-population-when-and-why
#1
Fanny Yeung, Patrick H Y Chung, Esther L Y Hung, Chi Sum Yuen, Paul K H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax in pediatric patients is relatively uncommon. The management strategy varies in different centers due to dearth of evidence-based pediatric guidelines. In this study, we reviewed our experience of thoracoscopic management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in children and identified risk factors associated with postoperative air leakage and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients who had PSP and underwent surgical management in our institution between April 2008 and March 2015...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096830/is-it-possible-to-standardize-the-treatment-of-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-part-2-surgical-methods-of-treatment
#2
Wojciech Rokicki, Marek Rokicki, Jacek Wojtacha, Marek Filipowski, Agata Dżejlili, Damian Czyżewski
The present report provides a detailed description of the surgical methods for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) treatment, from open surgery (thoracotomy) to minimally invasive procedures (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - VATS). It describes the methods of preventing pneumothorax recurrence, including partial or complete resection of the parietal pleura and chemical pleurodesis with VATS. The pros and cons of each method are presented. The paper also discusses new techniques for diagnosing pneumothorax, such as fluorescein-enhanced autofluorescence thoracoscopy (FEAT) and infrared thoracoscopy...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070876/pulmonary-artery-sarcoma-resected-via-median-sternotomy-with-thoracoscopic-assistance
#3
Hiromichi Katakura, Yojiro Yutaka, Kenichi Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Shoji, Akira Yamanaka, Mitsuru Kitano
Median sternotomy is frequently selected for the resection of pulmonary artery tumor, and pneumonectomy is performed for complete resection. However, it is difficult to see the inferior pulmonary vein and transect it safely via median sternotomy, so additional thoracotomy is often required and this is highly invasive. In the present case, we employed thoracoscopy (which we routinely use for VATS lobectomy) to transect the inferior pulmonary vein via median sternotomy without additional intercostal thoracotomy...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069481/thoracic-endometriosis-syndrome-association-with-pelvic-endometriosis-and-fertility-status
#4
Jessica Ottolina, Francesca De Stefano, Paola Viganò, Paola Ciriaco, Piero Zannini, Massimo Candiani
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES), characterized mainly by catamenial pneumothorax, represents a relevant condition in patients affected by endometriosis. However, few studies have analyzed this condition under the gynecological point of view, in terms of characteristic of endometriosis and fertility status of affected women. In our study, we evaluate the association between catamenial pneumothorax, pelvic endometriosis and the fertility status of the patients. DESIGN: Retrospective study of 16 patients treated for catamenial pneumothorax between January 2001 and January 2014 at the Thoracic Surgery Department of San Raffaele Scientific Institute...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066585/the-comparison-between-novel-and-traditional-three-dimensional-image-system-in-thoracoscopy-glasses-less-vs-glass
#5
Jiaxi He, Keng Long Ang, Zhexue Hao, Jianfei Shen, Hui Pan, Jingpei Li, Jianxing He
BACKGROUND: Although three-dimensional (3D) thoracoscopic technology has been available for some time, it is not widely utilized in most centers. Dimness, unsatisfied visualization and discomfort associated with wearing 3D glasses might account for such phenomenon. We have recently developed a "Glass-less" 3D system for thoracoscopic surgery to avoid these in issues. METHODS: Surgical residents will be invited to perform a set of commonly used surgical procedures using "Glass-less" 3D and conventional 3D system...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064362/thoracoscopic-surgery-for-esophageal-atresia
#6
REVIEW
George W Holcomb
This review centers on the thoracoscopic management of esophageal atresia (EA) and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). The first thoracoscopic repair of EA was performed by Rothenberg and Lobe in Berlin in 1999 just prior to an IPEG meeting. Since that time, the largest report describing the use of thoracoscopy for EA/TEF repair came in 2005 with a multi-national, multi-institutional retrospective review from six institutions around the world. The outcomes reported were quite good and very comparable to large series of open operations that had been previously reported...
January 7, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063271/hybrid-minimally-invasive-approach-for-transvenous-lead-extraction-a-feasible-technique-in-high-risk-patients
#7
Luca Bontempi, Francesca Vassanelli, Manuel Cerini, Gianluigi Bisleri, Alberto Repossini, Laura Giroletti, Lorenza Inama, Francesca Salghetti, Daria Liberto, Daniele Giacopelli, Abdallah Raweh, Claudio Muneretto, Antonio Curnis
INTRODUCTION: Despite the overall safety, transvenous lead extraction (TLE) remains a challenging procedure with inherent risks, where surgery can still be required in elective cases. In this study, we report our experience with a minimally invasive "hybrid" approach, defined as a procedure performed by an electrophysiologist with the support of a cardiac surgeon in the same operative session. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reported 12 cases of planned hybrid lead extraction; minithoracotomy and thoracoscopy were performed on 10 (83%) and 2 (17%) patients, respectively...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057967/massive-thymoma-of-the-mid-posterior-mediastinum-an-unprecedented-case-in-a-young-adult
#8
Karen Fernandes de Oliveira, Marcio Maciel Rodrigues, Gesner Pereira Lopes, Renan Sandoval de Almeida, Juliana Lopes Lusvarghi, João Paulo Vieira Dos Santos
We report an unprecedented case of ectopic thymoma in a young adult. A 33-year-old male presented with a 10-day history of non-productive cough and fever. Investigation revealed mediastinal widening without pulmonary involvement. Computed tomography showed a large mass-14.8 × 10.8 × 8.4 cm-in the mid-posterior mediastinum, and a biopsy obtained by video-assisted thoracoscopy indicated that the mass was a tumor. Immunohistochemistry showed combined thymoma type AB1. Because of the considerable proportions of the tumor and its close proximity to major structures, the patient was treated with chemotherapy...
November 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050426/pleural-mesothelioma-with-no-asbestos-exposure-a-case-report
#9
Salma Ait Batahar, Othmane Ouradi, Safae Elidrissi, Lamyae Amro
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is the primary malignant tumour of the pleura. It is highly aggressive and linked to the exposure to asbestos fibers. The prognosis of this cancer is bad with a median of survival around 12 months. The diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma is often done at an advanced stage of the disease because of the lack of specific clinical and radiological signs differentiating it from any malignant pleural effusion. The absence of an explicit asbestos exposure is another diagnosis problem...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043993/safety-and-reproducibility-of-virtual-assisted-lung-mapping-a-multicentre-study-in-japan%C3%A2
#10
Masaaki Sato, Taiji Kuwata, Keiji Yamanashi, Atsushi Kitamura, Kenji Misawa, Kota Imashimizu, Masashi Kobayashi, Masaki Ikeda, Terumoto Koike, Shinji Kosaka, Ryuta Fukai, Yasuo Sekine, Noritaka Isowa, Shin Hirayama, Hiroaki Sakai, Fumiaki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Nagayama, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date, Jun Nakajima
OBJECTIVES: Virtual-assisted lung mapping (VAL-MAP) is a preoperative bronchoscopic multispot dye-marking technique using virtual images. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy and reproducibility of VAL-MAP among multiple centres. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients with pulmonary lesions anticipated to be difficult to identify at thoracoscopy and/or those undergoing sub-lobar lung resections requiring careful determination of resection margins...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027807/-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-the-treatment-of-tracheal-bronchus-a-pediatric-case-report
#11
Carlos García-Hernández, Lourdes Carvajal Figueroa, Ángel Celorio Alcántara, Sergio Landa-Juárez, Edmur Salinas Hernández
BACKGROUND: Tracheal bronchus is considered a rare, congenital anomaly, which implies the abnormal origin of a bronchus. When related to repetitive infections the bronchus must be resected, usually via an open procedure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present the case of a patient with tracheal bronchus of the upper right lobe who presented with repetitive pneumonias. Additionally, this text intends to expose the methodology for its diagnosis and surgical resolution through a thoracoscopic lobectomy...
December 24, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025056/non-malignant-pleural-effusions-nmpe-a-prospective-study-of-356-consecutive-unselected-patients
#12
Steven P Walker, Anna J Morley, Louise Stadon, Duneesha De Fonseka, David A Arnold, Andrew Rl Medford, Nick A Maskell
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusions secondary to a non-malignant aetiology can represent significant morbidity and mortality. These non-malignant pleural effusions (NMPE) are common, with congestive heart failure (CHF) representing the leading cause. Despite this, there is limited data on mortality risk and the factors which influence them. METHODS: We recruited 782 consecutive patients presenting to a pleural service, between 03/2008 and 03/2015, with an undiagnosed pleural effusion...
December 23, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018801/thoracoscopic-approach-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-useful-tool-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-unexpected-associated-lung-lesion
#13
Mario Lima, Michela Maffi, Tommaso Gargano, Giovanni Ruggeri, Michele Libri, Francesca Destro
We report the case of a neonate affected by prenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), treated by thoracoscopy. During the procedure, we detected an associated extralobar pulmonary sequestration (EPS), which was preoperatively undiagnosed, and we removed it. EPS has been shown to be associated with CDH in up to 15 to 40% of cases. A possible explanation hypothesized is that pulmonary sequestration, which develops at 4 to 5 weeks of gestation, can disturb the fusion of the diaphragm and closure of the pleuroperitoneal canal...
December 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004360/minimally-invasive-adipose-graft-transposition-procedure
#14
Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Paloma Gastelurrutia, Idoia Diaz-Güemes, Francisco M Sanchez-Margallo, Antoni Bayes-Genis
Recently, a new surgical technique to rescue infarcted myocardium (AGTP) has already tested (NCT01473433, AdiFLAP Trial). Here, we present the new minimally invasive AGTP (mi-AGTP) by thoracoscopy.
December 21, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997741/advances-in-pleuroscopy
#15
REVIEW
Stavros Anevlavis, Marios E Froudarakis
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique of pleuroscopy, its clinical uses such as diagnosis of exudative pleural effusion, treatment of pleural infection, treatment of pneumothorax and diagnosis and pleurodesis of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Also to describe the newer techniques developed such as minothoracoscopy, semirigid thoracoscopy, narrow band imaging pleuroscopy, infrared pleuroscopy, autofluorescence pleuroscopy. DATA SOURCE: We searched the pubmed the last decade for publications with the key words pleuroscopy, medical thoracoscopy, pneumothorax and pleuroscopy, malignant pleural mesothelioma, minothoracoscopy, semirigid thoracoscopy, autofluorescence pleuroscopy...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991022/-minimal-invasive-esophageal-resection-with-anastomosis-on-the-neck-mckeown-our-experiences-after-20-cases
#16
Elemér Mohos, Attila Nagy, György Szabados, György Réti, Tamás Kovács, Zoltán Jánó, Csaba Berki, József Mohay, Lóránt Szabó, Krisztina Bene, Gábor Bognár, Myroslav Horzov, Petra Mohos, Gábor Sándor, Gábor Tornai, Péter Szenkovits, Tibor Nagy, Csaba Orbán, Vivien Herpai
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal resection is a traumatic intervention usually performed on patients with poor condition, resulting high mortality and morbidity. To improve the high incidence of complications, minimal invasive interventions were introduced. The results of the thoracoscopically and laparoscopically performed esophageal resection (McKeown) was investigated after 20 cases and the technical details of the surgical intervention are presented. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 20 thoracoscopic esophageal resection with laparoscopic gastric tube formation (sec...
December 2016: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984383/hippocrates-quoted-if-an-empyema-does-not-rupture-death-will-occur-is-medical-thoracoscopy-able-to-make-it-rupture-safely
#17
Georgia Hardavella, Nikolaos A Papakonstantinou, Ioannis Karampinis, Gerasimos Papavasileiou, Shereen Ajab, Mohammed Shafaat, Stavros Malagaris, Nikolaos Anastasiou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical thoracoscopy through a single port [single-port medical thoracoscopy (S-MT)] for the treatment of empyema thoracis in its early stages. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis reviewing the medical records of 84 patients referred for empyema and treated by medical thoracoscopy at our Thoracic Departments from January 2001 until November 2014. S-MT was performed under local anesthesia with neuroleptoanalgesia and spontaneous breathing using a single 1-cm incision for debridement and lavage of the pleural cavity...
January 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938908/establishing-a-dedicated-general-thoracic-surgery-subspecialty-program-improves-lung-cancer-outcomes
#18
Mitchell J Magee, Morley A Herbert, Lynn Tumey, Syma L Prince
BACKGROUND: Various factors may influence outcomes after lobectomy for lung cancer. Postgraduate subspecialty training in general thoracic surgery with a focus on minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and thoracic oncology was completed by an established cardiothoracic surgeon on the hospital staff in July 2007, and principles emphasized in that training were incorporated into practice through formation of a subspecialty program. We hypothesized that establishing a dedicated general thoracic surgeon-lead subspecialty program, with focus on MIS and thoracic oncology, would improve short-term and long-term outcomes...
December 8, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931685/evaluation-of-different-laboratory-methods-for-rapid-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy
#19
Safaa Amer, Azza El Hefnawy, Nashwa Abdel Wahab, Hadir Okasha, Amira Baz
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Tuberculous pleurisy is a diagnostic challenge due to its nonspecific clinical presentation, paucibacillary nature of the effusion together with the inefficiency of conventional laboratory methods motivating the evaluation of variable diagnostic strategies. METHODS: Using thoracoscopy, the pleural cavity of 50 patients with undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion were fully examined and biopsy specimens of affected parietal pleura were taken under direct vision...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926954/-on-the-history-and-future-of-thoracoscopy
#20
R Loddenkemper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pneumologie
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