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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550081/randomized-controlled-trial-for-the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-vascular-stiffness-in-ckd
#1
Adeera Levin, Mila Tang, Taylor Perry, Nadia Zalunardo, Monica Beaulieu, Joshua A Dubland, Kelly Zerr, Ognjenka Djurdjev
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is implicated in vascular health in CKD. This study compared placebo, calcifediol, and calcitriol treatment with changes in vascular stiffness, BP, proteinuria, mineral metabolism parameters, C-reactive protein, and fibroblast growth factor 23 in patients with stable CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial in outpatient CKD clinics in Vancouver, Canada, from February of 2011 to August of 2014, enrolling 119 patients with an eGFR of 15-45 ml/min per 1...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538380/acute-effects-of-cinacalcet-on-arterial-stiffness-and-ventricular-function-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-double-blinded-crossover-study
#2
Aurélie Poulin, Pierre-Luc Bellemare, Catherine Fortier, Fabrice Mac-Way, Simon Desmeules, Karine Marquis, Valérie Gaudreault, Marcel Lebel, Mohsen Agharazii
BACKGROUND: Serum calcium concentration (Ca) plays an essential role in a vascular muscle tone and myocardial contractility. Previously, we showed that acutely lowering Ca by hemodialysis reduced arterial stiffness. Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic that lowers Ca and parathyroid hormone (PTH). The aim of the present study was to examine whether acute lowering of Ca by cinacalcet improves vascular stiffness and myocardial diastolic dysfunction. METHOD: This is a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled crossover study that included 21 adult patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing chronic hemodialysis...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528728/spontaneous-calcium-waves-in-the-developing-enteric-nervous-system
#3
Marlene M Hao, Annette J Bergner, Caroline S Hirst, Lincon A Stamp, Franca Casagranda, Joel C Bornstein, Werend Boesmans, Pieter Vanden Berghe, Heather M Young
The enteric nervous system (ENS) is an extensive network of neurons in the gut wall that arises from neural crest-derived cells. Like other populations of neural crest cells, it is known that enteric neural crest-derived cells (ENCCs) influence the behaviour of each other and therefore must communicate. However, little is known about how ENCCs communicate with each other. In this study, we used Ca(2+) imaging to examine communication between ENCCs in the embryonic gut, using mice where ENCCs express a genetically-encoded calcium indicator...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522367/qrs-t-wave-and-calcium-alternans-in-a-type-i-diabetic-mouse-model-for-spontaneous-post-myocardial-infarction-ventricular-tachycardia-a-mechanism-for-the-antiarrhythmic-effect-of-statins
#4
Hongwei Jin, Charles M Welzig, Mark Aronovitz, Farzad Noubary, Robert Blanton, Bo Wang, Mohammad Rajab, Alfred Albano, Mark S Link, Sami F Noujaim, Ho-Jin Park, Jonas B Galper
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden arrhythmic death is markedly increased in diabetics. OBJECTIVE: Develop a mouse model for Post MI VT in the diabetic heart and determine the mechanism of an antiarrhythmic effect of statins. METHODS: EKG transmitters were implanted in wild type (WT), placebo and pravastatin treated Type I diabetic Akita mice, MIs induced by coronary ligation, Ca(2+) transients studied by optical mapping, Ca(2+) transients and sparks in left VM (VM) by the Ionoptix system and confocal microscopy...
May 15, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501727/methods-to-evaluate-arterial-structure-and-function-in-children-state-of-the-art-knowledge
#5
REVIEW
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
BACKGROUND: With increasing rates of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes in the pediatric population, wide available, and reproducible methods are necessary to evaluate arterial structure and function in children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed was searched for articles published in years 2012-2017 on methodology of, current knowledge on, and limitations of the most commonly used methods to evaluate central, proximal and coronary arteries, as well as endothelial function in pediatric patients...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494967/visualizing-calcium-flux-in-freely-moving-nematode-embryos
#6
Evan L Ardiel, Abhishek Kumar, Joseph Marbach, Ryan Christensen, Rishi Gupta, William Duncan, Jonathan S Daniels, Nico Stuurman, Daniel Colón-Ramos, Hari Shroff
The lack of physiological recordings from Caenorhabditis elegans embryos stands in stark contrast to the comprehensive anatomical and gene expression datasets already available. Using light-sheet fluorescence microscopy to address the challenges associated with functional imaging at this developmental stage, we recorded calcium dynamics in muscles and neurons and developed analysis strategies to relate activity and movement. In muscles, we found that the initiation of twitching was associated with a spreading calcium wave in a dorsal muscle bundle...
May 9, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494965/multiscale-determinants-of-delayed-afterdepolarization-amplitude-in-cardiac-tissue
#7
Christopher Y Ko, Michael B Liu, Zhen Song, Zhilin Qu, James N Weiss
Spontaneous calcium (Ca) waves in cardiac myocytes underlie delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) that trigger cardiac arrhythmias. How these subcellular/cellular events overcome source-sink factors in cardiac tissue to generate DADs of sufficient amplitude to trigger action potentials is not fully understood. Here, we evaluate quantitatively how factors at the subcellular scale (number of Ca wave initiation sites), cellular scale (sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca load), and tissue scale (synchrony of Ca release in populations of myocytes) determine DAD features in cardiac tissue using a combined experimental and computational modeling approach...
May 9, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486797/synthesis-and-properties-of-the-la1%C3%A2-%C3%A2-x%C3%A2-%C3%A2-y-eu-y-ca-x-vo4-0%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-x-y%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-0-2-compounds
#8
O V Chukova, S G Nedilko, A A Slepets, S A Nedilko, T A Voitenko
The La1 - x Ca x VO4 and La1 - x - y Eu y Ca x VO4 (0 ≤ x, y ≤ 0.2) micro/nanosized powders were prepared by aqueous nitrate-citrate sol-gel synthesis. Phase composition of the sample depends on the x and y values. The La0.9Ca0.1VO4 is crystallized in monoclinic structure up to the x = 0.1. The La0.9Eu0.05Ca0.05VO4 sample was also attributed to the monoclinic structure. Increasing concentration of europium and calcium ions in La1 - x - yEu y Ca x VO4 solid solutions leads to the change of the crystal structure, and subsequently, stabilization of the tetragonal phase takes place...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486172/synergistic-effect-of-low-k-and-d-vitamin-status-on-arterial-stiffness-in-a-general-population
#9
Otto Mayer, Jitka Seidlerová, Peter Wohlfahrt, Jan Filipovský, Renata Cífková, Václava Černá, Alena Kučerová, Martin Pešta, Radka Fuchsová, Ondřej Topolčan, Kelly M C Jardon, Nadja E A Drummen, Cees Vermeer
Both vitamins K and D are nutrients with pleiotropic functions in human tissues. The metabolic role of these vitamins overlaps considerably in calcium homeostasis. We analyzed their potential synergetic effect on arterial stiffness. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) in 1023 subjects from the Czech post-MONICA study. Desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix γ-carboxyglutamate protein (dp-ucMGP), a biomarker of vitamin K status, was measured by sandwich ELISA and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3) by a commercial immunochemical assay...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458279/regulatory-mechanism-of-mast-cell-activation-by-zinc-signaling
#10
Keigo Nishida, Ryota Uchida
 Mast cells are hematopoietic-lineage cells that participate in immunoglobulin E (IgE)-associated immune responses, including allergic reactions and parasite resistance. Recent studies have shown that zinc (Zn) ion can behave as an intracellular signaling molecule and that Zn is involved in mast cell activation. We demonstrated that mast cells stimulated through the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) rapidly release intracellular Zn from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and we named this phenomenon the "Zn wave"...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456163/varieties-of-reentrant-dynamics
#11
Lucas Campanari, Min Ju You, Peter Langfield, Leon Glass, Alvin Shrier
Experiments were carried out in monolayer tissue cultures of embryonic chick heart cells imaged using a calcium sensitive fluorescent dye. The cells were grown in annular geometries and in annular geometries with an isthmus connecting antipodal region of the annulus. We observed a large number of spatially different patterns of propagation consisting of one or more circulating waves. As well, we also observed rhythms in which rotors embedded in the annuli generated propagating pulses. These results demonstrate that many different patterns of excitation can be present in cardiac tissue with simple geometries...
April 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452458/chiro-optical-modulation-for-nurr1-production-from-stem-cells
#12
Madhumita Patel, Hyo Jung Moon, Ja Hye Hong, Byeongmoon Jeong
Nuclear receptor related 1 (NURR1) is an essential protein for maintenance of dopaminergic neurons in adult midbrain of which deficiency leads to Parkinson's disease. To enhance the NURR1 production of neural cells, various approaches are under investigation. Here we report that NURR1 is highly expressed in stem cells by exposure to an L-polarized blue light emitting diode (LED). Compared to stem cells cultured in the absence of a LED, under polarized green and red LEDs, the stem cells exposed to a polarized blue LED significantly enhanced neuronal biomarkers such as neurofilament M (NFM) and neuron specific enolase (NSE) at both mRNA and protein levels...
May 2, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447086/ultrasound-neuro-modulation-chip-activation-of-sensory-neurons-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-by-surface-acoustic-waves
#13
Wei Zhou, Jingjing Wang, Kaiyue Wang, Bin Huang, Lili Niu, Fei Li, Feiyan Cai, Yan Chen, Xin Liu, Xiaoyan Zhang, Hankui Cheng, Lijun Kang, Long Meng, Hairong Zheng
Ultrasound neuro-modulation has gained increasing attention as a non-invasive method. In this paper, we present an ultrasound neuro-modulation chip, capable of initiating reversal behaviour and activating neurons of C. elegans under the stimulation of a single-shot, short-pulsed ultrasound. About 85.29% ± 6.17% of worms respond to the ultrasound stimulation exhibiting reversal behaviour. Furthermore, the worms can adapt to the ultrasound stimulation with a lower acoustic pulse duration of stimulation. In vivo calcium imaging shows that the activity of ASH, a polymodal sensory neuron in C...
April 27, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445206/independent-effects-of-blood-pressure-and-parathyroid-hormone-on-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity-in-untreated-chinese-patients
#14
Yi-Bang Cheng, Li-Hua Li, Qian-Hui Guo, Fei-Ka Li, Qi-Fang Huang, Chang-Sheng Sheng, Ji-Guang Wang, Jan A Staessen, Yan Li
OBJECTIVE: Whether or not calcium-regulating hormones stiffen arteries independent of blood pressure (BP) is uncertain. We investigated the independent associations of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) with 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D], parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 24-h ambulatory BP in untreated Chinese patients. METHODS: Consecutive untreated patients referred for ambulatory BP monitoring were recruited. PWV was measured with a high-fidelity micromanometer and the SphygmoCor software (AtCor Medical, West Ryde, New South Wales, Australia)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443950/chronic-kidney-disease-determinants-of-progression-and-cardiovascular-risk-progredir-cohort-study-design-and-methods
#15
Maria Alice Muniz Domingos, Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Isabela Judith Martins Benseñor, Silvia Maria de Oliveira Titan
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become an important public health issue. The socioeconomic burden of renal replacement therapy (RRT) is very high, as is CKD-related cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Preventive and therapeutic measures only have modest impact and more research is needed. Few cohort studies have been conducted on populations with CKD. Our aim was to establish a cohort that would include more advanced forms of CKD (stages 3 and 4). Data collection was focused on renal and cardiovascular parameters...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423119/importance-of-serca2a-on-early-isolated-diastolic-dysfunction-induced-by-supravalvular-aortic-stenosis-in-rats
#16
C F S M P Silveira, D H S Campos, P P Freire, A F Deus, K Okoshi, C R Padovani, A C Cicogna
Cardiac remodeling is defined as changes in shape and function of the heart in response to aggression (pressure overload). The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase cardiac isoform 2a (SERCA2a) is a known factor that influences function. A wide spectrum of studies report a decrease in SERCA2a in heart failure, but none evaluate it's the role in early isolated diastolic dysfunction in supravalvular aortic stenosis (AoS). Our hypothesis was that SERCA2a participates in such dysfunction. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats (60-80 g) were divided into AoS and Sham groups, which were submitted to surgery with or without aorta clipping, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414916/quercetin-remodels-the-tumor-microenvironment-to-improve-the-permeation-retention-and-antitumor-effects-of-nanoparticles
#17
Kaili Hu, Lei Miao, Tyler J Goodwin, Jun Li, Qi Liu, Leaf Huang
Our previous work demonstrated that Wnt16 expression in cisplatin-damaged tumor-associated fibroblasts is a key factor contributing to cisplatin resistance in malignancies. Natural antifibrotic compounds with low toxicities are promising candidates to downregulate Wnt16 expression, improving the antitumor effect of cisplatin nanoparticles. Upon screening several natural chemicals, we found that a dietary flavonoid, quercetin, significantly suppresses Wnt16 expression in activated fibroblasts. To facilitate drug delivery, we have prepared a targeted lipid/calcium/phosphate nanoparticle formulation consisting of a prodrug of quercetin, i...
April 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370033/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-enhances-inflammatory-response-and-inhibits-effect-of-antioxidant-in-raw-264-7-cells
#18
Soo Jeong Kim, Ye Won Jang, Kyung Eun Hyung, Da Kyoung Lee, Kee Hyeob Hyun, Seung Hwarn Jeong, Kyung Hoon Min, Wonku Kang, Ji Hoon Jeong, So-Young Park, Kwang Woo Hwang
In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number and variety of electronic devices that emit electromagnetic waves. Because people live and work in close proximity to these pieces of electrical equipment, there is growing concern surrounding the destruction of homeostasis by electromagnetic field exposure. In the present study, the effects of 60 Hz 0.8 mT extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) on a macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) were examined. Under defined ELF-EMF exposure conditions, the production of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, were increased in RAW 264...
March 29, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369176/glial-calcium-waves-are-triggered-by-seizure-activity-and-not-essential-for-initiating-ictal-onset-or-neurovascular-coupling
#19
Eliza Baird-Daniel, Andy G S Daniel, Michael Wenzel, Dan Li, Jyun-You Liou, Philippe Laffont, Mingrui Zhao, Rafael Yuste, Hongtao Ma, Theodore H Schwartz
It has been postulated that glia play a critical role in modifying neuronal activity, mediating neurovascular coupling, and in seizure initiation. We investigated the role of glia in ictogenesis and neurovascular coupling through wide-field multicell and 2-photon single cell imaging of calcium and intrinsic signal imaging of cerebral blood volume in an in vivo rat model of focal neocortical seizures. Ictal events triggered a slowly propagating glial calcium wave that was markedly delayed after both neuronal and hemodynamic onset...
March 21, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351691/optical-flow-analysis-toolbox-for-characterization-of-spatiotemporal-dynamics-in-mesoscale-optical-imaging-of-brain-activity
#20
Navvab Afrashteh, Samsoon Inayat, Mostafa Mohsenvand, Majid H Mohajerani
Wide-field optical imaging techniques constitute powerful tools to investigate mesoscale neuronal activity. The sampled data constitutes a sequence of image frames in which one can investigate the flow of brain activity starting and terminating at source and sink locations respectively. Approaches to the analyses of information flow include qualitative assessment to identify sources and sinks of activity as well as their trajectories, and quantitative measurements based on computing the temporal variation of the intensity of pixels...
March 25, 2017: NeuroImage
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