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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346720/nanoscale-control-of-molecular-self-assembly-induced-by-plasmonic-hot-electron-dynamics
#1
Sabrina Simoncelli, Yi Li, Emiliano Cortes, Stefan A Maier
Self-assembly processes allow designing and creating complex nanostructures using molecules as building blocks and surfaces as scaffolds. This autonomous driven construction is possible due to a complex thermodynamic balance of molecule-surface interactions. As such, nanoscale guidance and control over this process is hard to achieve. Here we use the highly localized light-to-chemical-energy conversion of plasmonic materials to spatially cleave Au-S bonds on pre-determined locations within a single nanoparticle, enabling a high degree of control over this archetypal system for molecular self-assembly...
January 18, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346567/epithelial-grafting-of-a-decellularized-whole-tracheal-segment-an-in-vivo-experimental-model
#2
Margot Den Hondt, Bart M Vanaudenaerde, Eric K Verbeken, Jan J Vranckx
OBJECTIVES: Prerequisites for successful trachea transplantation include the use of a biocompatible construct, submucosal vascularization and an epithelial covering. Implantation of non-epithelialized tracheal scaffolds may lead to stenosis. However, epithelial grafting or seeding can only be attempted onto a well-vascularized submucosal bed. Our aim was to investigate a method to prevent stenosis during prelamination of non-epithelialized, gently decellularized rabbit tracheae and to evaluate whether grafting of revascularized constructs with buccal mucosa is feasible...
January 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346562/scaffold-free-trachea-regeneration-by-tissue-engineering-with-bio-3d-printing
#3
Daisuke Taniguchi, Keitaro Matsumoto, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Ryusuke Machino, Yosuke Takeoka, Abdelmotagaly Elgalad, Kiyofumi Gunge, Katsunori Takagi, Yasuaki Taura, Go Hatachi, Naoto Matsuo, Naoya Yamasaki, Koichi Nakayama, Takeshi Nagayasu
OBJECTIVES: Currently, most of the artificial airway organs still require scaffolds; however, such scaffolds exhibit several limitations. Alternatively, the use of an autologous artificial trachea without foreign materials and immunosuppressants may solve these issues and constitute a preferred tool. The rationale of this study was to develop a new scaffold-free approach for an artificial trachea using bio-3D printing technology. Here, we assessed the circumferential tracheal replacement using scaffold-free trachea-like grafts generated from isolated cells in an inbred animal model...
January 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346528/a-novel-stromal-lncrna-signature-reprograms-fibroblasts-to-promote-the-growth-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-lncrna-caf-interleukin-33
#4
Liang Ding, Jing Ren, Dongya Zhang, Yi Li, Xiaofeng Huang, Qingang Hu, Hui Wang, Yuxian Song, Yanhong Ni, Yayi Hou
Stromal carcinoma-related fibroblasts (CAFs) are the main type of non-immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME). CAFs interact with cancer cells to promote tumor proliferation. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to regulate cell growth, apoptosis, and metastasis of cancer cells, but their role in stromal cells is unclear. Using RNA sequencing, we identified a stromal lncRNA signature during the transformation of CAFs from normal fibroblasts (NFs) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We uncovered an uncharacterized lncRNA, FLJ22447, which was remarkably up-regulated in CAFs, referred to LncRNA-CAF (Lnc-CAF) hereafter...
January 13, 2018: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346308/tissue-engineering-to-improve-immature-testicular-tissue-and-cell-transplantation-outcomes-one-step-closer-to-fertility-restoration-for-prepubertal-boys-exposed-to-gonadotoxic-treatments
#5
REVIEW
Federico Del Vento, Maxime Vermeulen, Francesca de Michele, Maria Grazia Giudice, Jonathan Poels, Anne des Rieux, Christine Wyns
Despite their important contribution to the cure of both oncological and benign diseases, gonadotoxic therapies present the risk of a severe impairment of fertility. Sperm cryopreservation is not an option to preserve prepubertal boys' reproductive potential, as their seminiferous tubules only contain spermatogonial stem cells (as diploid precursors of spermatozoa). Cryobanking of human immature testicular tissue (ITT) prior to gonadotoxic therapies is an accepted practice. Evaluation of cryopreserved ITT using xenotransplantation in nude mice showed the survival of a limited proportion of spermatogonia and their ability to proliferate and initiate differentiation...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345908/a-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-human-dna-polymerase-eta-potentiates-the-effects-of-cisplatin-in-tumor-cells
#6
Maroof K Zafar, Leena Maddukuri, Amit Ketkar, Narsimha Penthala, Megan R Reed, Sarah D Eddy, Peter A Crooks, Robert L Eoff
Translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) performed by human DNA polymerase eta (hpol η) allows tolerance of damage from cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP or cisplatin). We have developed hpol η inhibitors derived from N-aryl-substituted indole barbituric acid (IBA), indole thiobarbituric acid (ITBA), and indole quinuclidine scaffolds and identified 5-((5-chloro-1-(naphthalen-2-ylmethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)-2-thioxodihydropyrimidine-4,6(1H,5H)-dione (PNR-7-02), an ITBA derivative that inhibited hpol η activity with an IC50 value of 8 μM and exhibited five- to ten-fold specificity for hpol η over replicative pols...
January 18, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345620/functional-role-of-the-type-1-pilus-rod-structure-in-mediating-host-pathogen-interactions
#7
Caitlin N Spaulding, Henry Louis Schreiber, Weili Zheng, Karen W Dodson, Jennie E Hazen, Matt S Conover, Fengbin Wang, Pontus Svenmarker, Areli Luna-Rico, Olivera Francetic, Magnus Andersson, Scott Hultgren, Edward H Egelman
Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC), which cause urinary tract infections (UTI), utilize type 1 pili, a chaperone usher pathway (CUP) pilus, to cause UTI and colonize the gut. The pilus rod, comprised of repeating FimA subunits, provides a structural scaffold for displaying the tip adhesin, FimH. We solved the 4.2 Å resolution structure of the type 1 pilus rod using cryo-electron microscopy. Residues forming the interactive surfaces that determine the mechanical properties of the rod were maintained by selection based on a global alignment of fimA sequences...
January 18, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345580/multi-potent-natural-scaffolds-targeting-amyloid-cascade-in-search-of-alzheimer-s-disease-therapeutics
#8
Sandipan Chakraborty
Alzheimer's disease (AD) once considered a rare disorder emerges as a major health concern in recent times. The disease pathogenesis is very complex and yet to be understood completely. However, "Amyloid Cascade" is the central event in disease pathogenesis. Several proteins of the amyloid cascade are currently being considered as potential targets for AD therapeutics discovery. Many potential compounds are in clinical trials, but till now there is no known cure for the disease. Recent years have witnessed remarkable research interest in search of novel concepts in drug designing for AD...
January 16, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345571/targeting-cytosolic-phospholipase-a2%C3%AE-for-novel-anti-inflammatory-agents
#9
Jalal Soubhye, Pierre van Antwerpen, Francois Dufrasne
Group IV cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2α) plays a critical role in inflammatory processes. It produces arachidonic acid which is the main source of the pro-inflammatory eicosanoids mediators that are important in innate immune system. In some cases, these pro-inflammatory mediators cause damages to the host tissues and therefore promote autoimmune diseases. Consequently, development of potent inhibitors against cPLA2α could improve the therapy of inflammatory diseases. In the last two decades, intense efforts have been done to find potent cPLA2α inhibitors...
January 16, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345470/a-bioinspired-cascade-sequence-enables-facile-assembly-of-methanodibenzo-b-f-1-5-dioxocin-flavonoid-scaffold
#10
Hongxin Liu, Yu Wang, Xueying Guo, Luqiong Huo, Zhifang Xu, Weimin Zhang, Shengxiang Qiu, Bao Yang, Haibo Tan
A remarkable bioinspired EDDA-mediated method for the selective construction of biologically interesting and highly strained bridged methanodibenzo[b,f][1,5]dioxocin flavonoid scaffold was uncovered by starting from a variety of readily available acylphloroglucinol and 2-hydroxycinnamaldehyde substrates. This method merges a fascinating olefin isomerization/hemiacetallization/dehydration/[3 + 3]-type cycloaddition cascade reaction driven by an in situ generated chromenylium intermediate and provides a convenient and viable synthetic strategy for the efficient access of such flavonoid analogues...
January 18, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345429/engineering-3d-hydrogels-for-personalized-in-vitro-human-tissue-models
#11
REVIEW
Chya-Yan Liaw, Shen Ji, Murat Guvendiren
There is a growing interest in engineering hydrogels for 3D tissue and disease models. The major motivation is to better mimic the physiological microenvironment of the disease and human condition. 3D tissue models derived from patients' own cells can potentially revolutionize the way treatment and diagnostic alternatives are developed. This requires development of tissue mimetic hydrogels with user defined and tunable properties. In this review article, a recent summary of 3D hydrogel platforms for in vitro tissue and disease modeling is given...
January 18, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345244/in-vitro-physical-and-biological-characterization-of-biodegradable-elastic-polyurethane-containing-ferulic-acid-for-small-caliber-vascular-grafts
#12
Shiva Asadpour, Jafar Ai, Parivash Davoudi, Masoud Ghorbani, Marzieh Jalali, Hossein Ghanbari
Demand for small diameter vascular grafts is growing. Main limitations of these grafts include induced thrombotic events, lack of in-situ endothelialization, intimal hyperplasia and poor mechanical properties which impair the graft patency rate in long term applications. Most of the used antithrombotic modification methods usually conflict with formation of endothelial cell monolayer on the grafts. Here, we synthesized a novel biodegradable elastic poly (ester ether urethane urea) (PEEUU) using poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly (diethylene glycol adipate) (PDEGA) as soft segments...
January 18, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345240/polymeric-bioresorbable-coronary-scaffolds-the-hype-is-over-but-the-dream-lives-on
#13
Stylianos A Pyxaras, William Wijns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345200/distinct-niches-within-the-extracellular-matrix-dictate-fibroblast-function-in-cell-free-3d-lung-tissue-cultures
#14
Gerald Burgstaller, Arunima Sengupta, Sarah Vierkotten, Gerhard Preissler, Michael Lindner, Jürgen Behr, Melanie Königshoff, Oliver Eickelberg
Instructive cues from the extracellular matrix (ECM) and their functional interplay with cells play pivotal roles for development, tissue repair, and disease. However, the precise nature of this interplay remains elusive. We used an innovative 3D cell culture ECM model by decellularizing ex vivo lung tissue scaffolds (d3D-LTCs) derived from diseased and healthy mouse lungs, which widely mimics the native (patho)physiological in vivo microenvironment. We successfully repopulated all d3D-LTCs with primary human and murine fibroblasts...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345002/remote-c-h-activation-of-various-n-heterocycles-using-a-single-template
#15
Guoqiang Yang, Dajian Zhu, Peng Wang, Ri-Yuan Tang, Jin-Quan Yu
A single simple ortho-sulfonyl benzonitrile template was developed to achieve remote C-H olefination of six different classes of N-heterocycles. We demonstrate that, by varying precatalysts and conditions, the same template can be applied to the remote C-H activation of six structurally distinct heterocyclic scaffolds, and the site-selectivity can be predicted based on distance and geometry. Furthermore, this new development shows that template-directed remote C-H activation are possible via macrocyclopalladation processes with smaller ring sizes...
January 18, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344373/multianalysis-with-optical-coherence-tomography-and-vasomotion-in-everolimus-eluting-stents-and-everolimus-eluting-biovascular-scaffolds-the-moves-trial
#16
Diego A Arroyo, Sara Schukraft, Zacharenia Kallinikou, Jean-Christophe Stauffer, Gérard Baeriswyl, Jean-Jacques Goy, Mario Togni, Stéphane Cook, Serban Puricel
Aims: To compare endothelium-dependent vasomotor function and vascular healing 15 months after implantation of two new-generation drug-eluting stents and biovascular scaffolds (BVS). Methods and results: A total of 28 patients previously treated with a SYNERGY stent (bioabsorbable polymer everolimus-eluting stents (BP-EES)), a PROMUS stent (persistent polymer everolimus-eluting stents (PP-EES)) or an ABSORB (BVS) underwent control coronary angiography, 15 months after implantation, coupled with optical coherence tomography imaging and supine bicycle exercise...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344334/collective-adhesion-and-displacement-of-retinal-progenitor-cells-upon-extracellular-matrix-substrates-of-transplantable-biomaterials
#17
Ankush Thakur, Shawn Mishra, Juan Pena, Jing Zhou, Stephen Redenti, Robert Majeska, Maribel Vazquez
Strategies to replace retinal photoreceptors lost to damage or disease rely upon the migration of replacement cells transplanted into sub-retinal spaces. A significant obstacle to the advancement of cell transplantation for retinal repair is the limited migration of transplanted cells into host retina. In this work, we examine the adhesion and displacement responses of retinal progenitor cells on extracellular matrix substrates found in retina as well as widely used in the design and preparation of transplantable scaffolds...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344245/overexpression-of-nedd9-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-is-associated-with-tumor-migration-and-invasion
#18
Jue Wang, Si Wang, Yun Luan, Wenhua Zhang, Chao Sun, Guanghui Cheng, Kailin Li, Qian Xin, Zhaomin Lin, Tonggang Qi, Feng Kong
Scaffold protein neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally downregulated 9 (NEDD9) is a member of the Crk-associated substrate protein family and is known to be a biomarker in multiple cancer types. It serves a critical function in regulating cell proliferation, migration, invasion and survival. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential effects of NEDD9 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The expression of NEDD9 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343759/incorporation-of-iloprost-in-phospholipase-resistant-phospholipid-scaffold-enhances-its-barrier-protective-effects-on-pulmonary-endothelium
#19
Olga Oskolkova, Nicolene Sarich, Yufeng Tian, Grzegorz Gawlak, Fanyong Meng, Valery N Bochkov, Evgeny Berdyshev, Anna A Birukova, Konstantin G Birukov
Correction of barrier dysfunction and inflammation in acute lung injury (ALI) represents an important problem. Previous studies demonstrate barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects of bioactive lipid prostacyclin and its stable analog iloprost (ILO). We generated a phospholipase resistant synthetic phospholipid with iloprost attached at the sn-2 position (ILO-PC) and investigated its biological effects. In comparison to free ILO, ILO-PC caused sustained endothelial cell (EC) barrier enhancement, linked to more prolonged activation of Rap1 and Rac1 GTPases and their cytoskeletal and cell junction effectors: cortactin, PAK1, p120-catenin and VE-cadherin...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343729/drug-self-assembly-for-synthesis-of-highly-loaded-antimicrobial-drug-silica-particles
#20
Cameron A Stewart, Yoav Finer, Benjamin D Hatton
Antimicrobial drug release from biomaterials for orthopedic repair and dental restorations can prevent biofilm growth and caries formation. Carriers for drug incorporation would benefit from long-term drug storage, controlled release, and structural stability. Mesoporous silica, synthesized through a co-assembly of silica and surfactant template, is an ideal drug encapsulation scaffold that maintains structural integrity upon release. However, conventional loading of drug within meso-silica pores via concentration-gradient diffusion limits the overall payload, concentration uniformity, and drug release control...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
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