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Frederik H Verbrugge, Matthias Dupont, Michael Finucan, Alaa Gabi, Nael Hawwa, Wilfried Mullens, David O Taylor, James B Young, Randall C Starling, W H Wilson Tang
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the haemodynamic response and tolerance to aggressive oral hydralazine/isosorbide dinitrate (HYD/ISDN) up-titration after intravenous vasodilator therapy in advanced decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Medical records of 147 consecutive ADHF patients who underwent placement of a pulmonary artery catheter and received intravenous vasodilator therapy were reviewed. Intravenous sodium nitroprusside and sodium nitroglycerin as first-line agent for those with preserved blood pressures were utilized in 143 and 32 patients, respectively...
September 2015: European Journal of Heart Failure
Judith E Mitchell, Keith C Ferdinand, Karol E Watson, Nanette K Wenger, Laurence O Watkins, John M Flack, James R Gavin, James W Reed, Elijah Saunders, Jackson T Wright
Advances in heart failure treatment have not necessarily translated into equity in improved outcomes for African Americans. Heart failure in African Americans is characterized by a higher prevalence, especially at younger ages; more-adverse course with more frequent hospitalizations; and higher mortality rates compared to the general population. Despite this distinct disease profile, African Americans are remarkably underrepresented in large heart failure trials. This paper reviews the unique course of heart failure in African Americans and discusses treatment in the context of clinical trial evidence...
February 2011: Journal of the National Medical Association
S William Tam, Michael L Sabolinski, Manuel Worcel, Milton Packer, Jay N Cohn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the apparent discrepancy between the efficacy of the combination of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and hydralazine demonstrated in the first V-HeFT trial (V-HeFT I) and that in V-HeFT II could be explained by pharmacokinetic differences in the study drug formulations, and to compare the pharmacokinetic profile of the fixed-dose combination of ISDN/hydralazine (FDC ISDN/HYD; BiDil) formulation used in A-HeFT with that of the V-HeFT study drug formulations...
2007: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Melvin R Echols, Clyde W Yancy
Despite significant improvement in therapy and management, heart failure remains a worrisome disease state that is especially problematic in special populations. African Americans suffer a disproportionately higher prevalence of heart failure when compared to other populations. It has been recently demonstrated that vasodilator therapy using the combination of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and hydralazine (HYD) as an adjunct to background evidence-based therapy appears to display the strongest signal of benefit in reducing mortality and morbidity in the African American population...
2006: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Joseph A Franciosa
The major advances in our understanding and management of heart failure (HF) in recent decades have not fully benefited all segments of our population. HF still represents a growing epidemic, especially for African-Americans, in whom the burden of HF is even greater. The recently reported beneficial effects of the fixed combination of isosorbide dinitrate and hydralazine (ISDN+HYD) in the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT), has led to both the FDA approval of this agent and its endorsement by the latest HF guidelines...
December 2006: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Judy W M Cheng
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 25% to 30% of patients with heart failure (HE) in the United States are black. Compared with nonblack patients, black patients have a reduced ability to produce endogenous nitric oxide, which may be associated with enhanced responsiveness to drugs that increase the delivery of nitric oxide, such as nitrates. When used with nitrates, hydralazine (HYD) acts as an antioxidant and prevents development of nitrate tolerance. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the clinical pharmacology of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and HYD and clinical trials of their use in the treatment of HF, with a particular focus on the new fixed-dose combination for the treatment of HF in black patients...
May 2006: Clinical Therapeutics
Derek C Angus, Walter T Linde-Zwirble, S William Tam, Jalal K Ghali, Michael L Sabolinski, Victor G Villagra, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Manuel Worcel et al.
BACKGROUND: Fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine (ISDN/HYD) improved clinical outcomes in the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT). We assessed the resource use, costs of care, and cost-effectiveness of ISDN/HYD therapy in the A-HeFT trial population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We obtained resource use data from A-HeFT, assigning costs through the use of US federal sources. Excluding indirect costs, we summarized the within-trial experience and modeled cost-effectiveness over extended time horizons, including a US societal lifetime reference case...
December 13, 2005: Circulation
Anne L Taylor
Progressive vascular and myocardial remodeling in heart failure is effectively slowed by therapy with neurohormonal antagonists, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers, aldosterone antagonists, and adrenergic-receptor blockers. These therapies, along with the correction of hemodynamic abnormalities, have dramatically reduced morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure. Endothelial dysfunction, increased oxidative stress, and decreased bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) also occur in heart failure...
October 10, 2005: American Journal of Cardiology
Uri Elkayam, Fahed Bitar
The initial rationale for use of organic nitrates and hydralazine (HYD) in combination was their complementary "nitroprussidelike" hemodynamic effect caused by the predominant venodilatory action of organic nitrates and the arterial-dilatory effect of HYD. This combination leads to a significant improvement in cardiac function, with a concomitant reduction in right and left ventricular filling pressures and augmentation of cardiac output. Based on this hemodynamic profile, the Vasodilator Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT) was designed to examine the effect of this drug combination on the outcome of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF)...
October 10, 2005: American Journal of Cardiology
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