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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161631/perceived-epilepsy-stigma-mediates-relationships-between-personality-and-social-well-being-in-a-diverse-epilepsy-population
#1
Seth A Margolis, Luba Nakhutina, Sarah G Schaffer, Arthur C Grant, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Perceived epilepsy stigma and reduced social well-being are prevalent sources of distress in people with epilepsy (PWE). Yet, research on patient-level correlates of these difficulties is lacking, especially among underserved groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Racially/ethnically diverse adults with intractable seizures (N=60, 62% female; 79% Black, 20% Hispanic/Latino, 8% White) completed validated measures of personality (NEO Five Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI-3), perceived epilepsy stigma (Epilepsy Stigma Scale, ESS), and quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy, QOLIE-89)...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159815/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-breast-cancer-screening-in-african-american-women-a-meta-analysis
#2
Valire Carr Copeland, Yoo Jung Kim, Shaun M Eack
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report the results of a meta-analysis conducted on the effects of clinical trials in breast cancer screening for African American women between 1997 and 2017. DATA SOURCES: Articles published in English and in the United States, between January 1997 and March 2017, were eligible for inclusion if they (1) conducted psychosocial, behavioral, or educational interventions designed to increase screening mammography rates in predominantly African American women of all ages; (2) utilized a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) design; and (3) reported quantitative screening rates following the intervention...
November 21, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158654/farmers-market-utilization-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-in-new-orleans-louisiana-preliminary-findings
#3
Henry Nuss, Meg Skizim, Hasheemah Afaneh, Lucio Miele, Melinda Sothern
Objective: Farmers' markets are increasingly being promoted as a means to provide fresh produce to poor and underserved communities. However, farmers' market (FM) use remains low among low-income patrons. The purpose of our study was to examine FM awareness and use, grocery shopping behaviors, and internet use among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients. Design: A descriptive analysis of preliminary data was performed to evaluate quantitative baseline data among SNAP recipients between June and August 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana (N=51)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154611/individual-and-systemic-barriers-to-health-care-perspectives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults
#4
Meghan Romanelli, Kimberly D Hudson
Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often been excluded...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152160/traumatized-refugees-identifying-needs-and-facing-challenges-for-mental-health-care
#5
EDITORIAL
Christine Knaevelsrud, Nadine Stammel, Miranda Olff
In the past few years the number of refugees worldwide has increased dramatically. Many of them were traumatized in their homelands due to violent conflict or persecution, as well as during their flight, and are confronted with ongoing stressors in the exile countries. In order to contribute to enhancing the clinical knowledge, this special issue of the European Journal of Psychotraumatology focuses on traumatized refugees. It includes three review articles as well as four original articles on the mental health burden, screening instruments and interventions in different groups of refugees...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151150/a-comparison-of-cancer-risk-assessment-and-testing-outcomes-in-patients-from-underserved-vs-tertiary-care-settings
#6
Huma Q Rana, Sarah R Cochrane, Elaine Hiller, Ruth N Akindele, Callie M Nibecker, Ludmila A Svoboda, Angel M Cronin, Judy E Garber, Christopher S Lathan
In cancer genetics, technological advances (next generation sequencing) and the expansion of genetic test options have resulted in lowered costs and increased access to genetic testing. Despite this, the majority of patients utilizing cancer genetics services lack diversity of gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Through retrospective chart review, we compared outcomes of cancer genetics consultations at a tertiary cancer center and a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) (58 tertiary and 23 FQHC patients) from 2013 to 2015...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145882/what-goes-around-the-process-of-building-a-community-based-harm-reduction-research-project
#7
Chelsea Jalloh, Shohan Illsley, John Wylie, Paula Migliardi, Ethan West, Debbie Stewart, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Often, research takes place on underserved populations rather than with underserved populations. This approach can further isolate and stigmatize groups that are already made marginalized. What Goes Around is a community-based research project that was led by community members themselves (Peers). CASE PRESENTATION: This research aimed to implement a community-based research methodology grounded in the leadership and growing research capacity of community researchers and to investigate a topic which community members identified as important and meaningful...
November 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143900/an-innovative-mobile-health-system-to-improve-and-standardize-antenatal-care-among-underserved-communities-a-feasibility-study-in-an-italian-hosting-center-for-asylum-seekers
#8
Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#9
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137666/utilization-of-the-behavior-change-wheel-framework-to-develop-a-model-to-improve-cardiometabolic-screening-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Christina Mangurian, Grace C Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W Newcomer, James Dilley, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10-25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors are complex, but include systemic-related factors of poorly integrated primary care and mental health services. Although evidence-based models exist for integrating mental health care into primary care settings, the evidence base for integrating medical care into specialty mental health settings is limited...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132618/telehealth-attitudes-and-use-among-medical-professionals-medical-students-and-patients-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Peiran Chen, Lihong Xiao, Zhongping Gou, Liangcheng Xiang, Xinxing Zhang, Ping Feng
BACKGROUND: Telehealth aims to revolutionize health care by migrating health care from hospitals and satellite clinics directly into the home and onto mobile devices. Telehealth has the potential to increase public access to healthcare in China, where large segments of the population remain underserved, yet little is known about current attitudes and use of telehealth in the country. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine attitudes and use of telehealth in China among medical professionals and patients, as well as identify factors that may affect its use...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131316/efficacy-of-a-community-based-participatory-and-multilevel-intervention-to-enhance-hepatitis-b-virus-screening-and-vaccination-in-underserved-korean-americans
#12
Grace X Ma, Minsun M Lee, Yin Tan, Alexandra L Hanlon, Ziding Feng, Theresa I Shireman, Joanne Rhee, Zhengyu Wei, Frank Wong, Han Seung Koh, Charles Kim, Whitney York
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a community-based participatory intervention program in improving hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and vaccination among Korean Americans who were not previously screened. METHODS: A cluster randomized trial involving 32 Korean church-based community organizations (1834 participants) was conducted. Sixteen churches were randomly assigned to an HBV screening and vaccination multicomponent intervention condition (972 participants) and 16 were assigned to a general cancer education control condition (862 participants)...
November 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129195/barriers-to-integrating-the-continuum-of-care-for-opioid-and-alcohol-use-disorders-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study
#13
Erik D Storholm, Allison J Ober, Sarah B Hunter, Kirsten M Becker, Praise O Iyiewuare, Chau Pham, Katherine E Watkins
Untreated substance use disorders remain a pervasive public health problem in the United States, especially among medically-underserved and low-income populations, with opioid and alcohol use disorders (OAUD) being of particular concern. Primary care is an underutilized resource for delivering treatment for OAUD, but little is known about the organizational capacity of community-based primary care clinics to integrate treatment for OAUD. The objective of this study was to use an organizational capacity framework to examine perceived barriers to implementing the continuum of care for OAUD in a community-based primary care organization over three time points: pre-implementation (preparation), early implementation (practice), and full implementation...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126186/the-importance-of-hiv-research-for-transgender-and-gender-non-binary-individuals
#14
S Gianella, J S Haw, J Blumenthal, B Sullivan, D M Smith
Transgender and gender non-binary (trans/GNB) individuals are disproportionally affected by HIV, yet they are not adequately represented in HIV research and often underserved in clinical care. By building on community strengths and addressing structural, psychological and biological challenges, we can improve the engagement of trans/GNB people in research and ultimately improve prevention, testing and care for this population. Here, we review the current state of the science related to HIV for trans/GNB people, and we discuss next steps to expand research that aims to improve the lives and well-being of trans/GNB persons...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125435/health-literacy-among-medically-underserved-the-role-of-demographic-factors-social-influence-and-religious-beliefs
#15
Shannon M Christy, Clement K Gwede, Steven K Sutton, Enmanuel Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade
The current study examined the sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that predicted being at risk for low health literacy among a population of racially and ethnically diverse patients accessing primary care services at community-based clinics. Participants (N = 416) were aged 50-75 years, currently not up-to-date with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at average CRC risk, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at promoting CRC screening. Participants completed a baseline interview that assessed health literacy as measured by Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Revised, sociodemographic factors, and psychosocial variables (e...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118231/apoyo-con-cari%C3%A3-o-strategies-to-promote-recruiting-enrolling-and-retaining-latinos-in-a-cancer-clinical-trial
#16
Stacy M Fischer, Danielle M Kline, Sung-Joon Min, Sonia Okuyama, Regina M Fink
Background: We present and describe tailored strategies to address known barriers to minority participation in clinical trial research. The strategies used allowed our team to engage communities and successfully recruit, enroll, and retain a diverse underserved population of Latinos with advanced cancer for this clinical trial. Methods: Participants were recruited from 3 urban and 7 rural sites. We identified 4 critical barriers to recruitment for this underserved population: (1) mistrust; (2) language and communication barriers; (3) lack of access to academic cancer center; and (4) inability to participate due to transportation, childcare, or work responsibilities...
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118223/time-to-change-supporting-sexual-and-gender-minority-people-an-underserved-understudied-cancer-risk-population
#17
Juno Obedin-Maliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118145/access-to-oral-health-care-a-national-crisis-and-call-for-reform
#18
Catherine H Bersell
Purpose: According to the report Healthy People 2020, oral health is integral to overall health and access to dental services is essential to promoting and maintaining good oral health. Yet, those who need dental care the most are often the least likely to receive it. The dental hygiene profession is poised to play a pivotal role in the resolution of oral health disparities. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the critical issue of access to oral health care in the United States from various perspectives and consider potential implications for dental professionals and the oral health care system...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118084/perceptions-of-registered-dental-hygienists-in-alternative-practice-regarding-silver-diamine-fluoride
#19
Salina K Chhokar, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is an inexpensive, non-invasive, antimicrobial liquid used to treat carious lesions and decrease sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of registered dental hygienists in alternative practice (RDHAP) regarding the use of SDF to treat dental caries.Methods: A 16-item survey designed to evaluate RDHAP's familiarity and perceptions of SDF was electronically distributed to 222 RDHAPs practicing in the state of California. A survey research software program collected and tabulated responses, calculated response frequencies for each survey item, and determined statistical relationships among variables, using cross tabulation analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118079/experiences-of-the-kansas-extended-care-permit-providers-a-descriptive-study
#20
Paige M McEvoy, Christopher J Van Ness, Melanie L Simmer-Beck, Bonnie G Branson, Kathy Hunt, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
Purpose: A total of 40 states to date have expanded the role of dental hygienists with the goal of improving access to basic oral health services for underserved populations. In Kansas, legislative changes have resulted in the Extended Care Permit (ECP) designation. The purpose of this study is to describe the experiences of registered dental hygienists in Kansas holding ECP certificates (ECP RDH) as of July of 2014.Methods: Secondary data analysis was performed utilizing data collected from a survey conducted in 2014 by Oral Health Kansas...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
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