keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery Tumour Markers

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931046/perivascular-pdgfr-%C3%AE-is-an-independent-marker-for-prognosis-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#1
Magnus Frödin, Artur Mezheyeuski, Sara Corvigno, Ulrika Harmenberg, Per Sandström, Lars Egevad, Martin Johansson, Arne Östman
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a highly vascularised tumour, where anti-angiogenic treatment with multi-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor, is used for first-line treatment of metastatic disease. Variations in vascular characteristics are likely to contribute to variations in intrinsic aggressiveness of the disease. Emerging studies are identifying perivascular status, including perivascular PDGFR-β, as a determinant of prognosis in other tumour types. METHODS: This work explored the impact on prognosis of vascular characteristics in RCC through analyses of a population-based collection of tumours from surgery-alone-treated patients...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891190/cell-free-dna-promoter-hypermethylation-in-plasma-as-a-diagnostic-marker-for-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#2
Stine Dam Henriksen, Poul Henning Madsen, Anders Christian Larsen, Martin Berg Johansen, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Henrik Krarup, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer has a 5-year survival rate of only 5-7%. Difficulties in detecting pancreatic cancer at early stages results in the high mortality and substantiates the need for additional diagnostic tools. Surgery is the only curative treatment and unfortunately only possible in localized tumours. A diagnostic biomarker for pancreatic cancer will have a major impact on patient survival by facilitating early detection and the possibility for curative treatment. DNA promoter hypermethylation is a mechanism of early carcinogenesis, which can cause inactivation of tumour suppressor genes...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882374/cancer-associated-venous-thromboembolism-burden-mechanisms-and-management
#3
Cihan Ay, Ingrid Pabinger, Alexander T Cohen
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant health problem in the general population but especially in cancer patients. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology and burden of the disease, the pathophysiology of cancer-associated VTE, and the clinical treatment options for both primary prevention and acute treatment. Overall, the development of VTE in cancer patients is related to increases in morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, the incidence of cancer-associated VTE varies due to patient-related factors (e...
November 24, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866811/the-modified-glasgow-prognosis-score-predicts-for-overall-and-disease-free-survival-following-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-in-patients-with-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-of-appendiceal-origin
#4
G H C Tan, C A Novo, S Dayal, K Chandrakumaran, F Mohamed, T Cecil, B J Moran
BACKGROUND: The modified Glasgow prognostic score (incorporating C-reactive protein and albumin) predicts survival in patients with gastro-intestinal tract cancer but has not been evaluated in patients with peritoneal malignancy. The aim was to evaluate the modified Glasgow score preoperatively in patients undergoing complete cytoreductive surgery (CCRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) of appendiceal origin. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from patients with PMP of appendiceal origin following CCRS and HIPEC between January 2007 and December 2011 were analysed...
October 31, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862157/gonadal-tumour-risk-in-292-phenotypic-female-patients-with-disorders-of-sex-development-containing-y-chromosome-or-y-derived-sequence
#5
He Huang, Chunqing Wang, Qinjie Tian
OBJECTIVE: Phenotypic female disorders of sex development (DSD) patients with Y chromosome or Y-derived sequence have an increased risk of gonadal germ cell tumours (GCTs). The objective of the study was to evaluate tumour risk of DSD, summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with GCTs and propose management suggestions. METHODS: Medical records of 292 patients diagnosed DSD and undergoing bilateral gonadectomy at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1996 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830100/scrotal-involvement-with-testicular-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-tumour
#6
C G O'Leary, J A Allen, F O'Brien, A Tuthill, D G Power
A 37-year-old male presented with a traumatic injury to the scrotal region necessitating emergency surgery. Evacuation of a haematoma and bilateral orchidectomy were performed. A left sided nonseminomatous germ cell tumour (NSGCT), predominantly yolk sac, was identified. Microscopic margins were positive for tumour. Initial tumour markers revealed an AFP of 22,854 ng/mL, HCG of <1 mIU/mL, and LDH of 463 IU/L. Eight weeks after surgery, AFP levels remained elevated at 11,646 ng/mL. Computed tomography (CT) scanning demonstrated left inguinal adenopathy, 1...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790508/role-of-urinary-and-serum-carbohydrate-antigen-19-9-as-a-biomarker-in-diagnosis-of-adult-giant-hydronephrosis
#7
Indraneel Banerjee, Vinay Tomar, Sher Singh Yadav, Nachiket Vyas, Suresh Yadav, Brijesh Sathian
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of adult Giant Hydronephrosis (GH) is congenital Uretero-Pelvic Junction (UPJ) obstruction. Conventional imaging modalities, like Intravenous Urography (IVU) and Computed Tomography Urography (CTU) and radionuclide renal scan can be fallacious. Serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a useful tumour marker for gastrointestinal and pancreatic cancer. Only a few studies and case reports have shown raised serum levels due to benign hydronephrosis and GH...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784647/annexin-a2-and-alpha-actinin-4-expression-correlates-with-metastatic-potential-of-primary-endometrial-cancer
#8
Parul Mittal, Manuela Klingler-Hoffmann, Georgia Arentz, Lyron Winderbaum, Gurjeet Kaur, Lyndal Anderson, James Scurry, Yee Leung, Colin Jr Stewart, Jonathan Carter, Peter Hoffmann, Martin K Oehler
The prediction of lymph node metastasis using clinic-pathological data and molecular information from endometrial cancers lacks accuracy and is therefore currently not routinely used in patient management. Consequently, although only a small percentage of patients with endometrial cancers suffer from metastasis, the majority undergo radical surgery including removal of pelvic lymph nodes. Upon analysis of publically available data and published research, we compiled a list of 60 proteins having the potential to display differential abundance between primary endometrial cancers with versus those without lymph node metastasis...
October 23, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780599/calretinin-but-not-caveolin-1-correlates-with-tumour-histology-and-survival-in-malignant-mesothelioma
#9
Bibhusal Thapa, Marzena Walkiewicz, Carmel Murone, Khashayar Asadi, Siddhartha Deb, Stephen Barnett, Simon Knight, Paul Mitchell, Danny Liew, D Neil Watkins, Thomas John
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) continues to be a disease with poor prognosis and limited treatment options. Calretinin and caveolin-1 expression by tumour in MM have recently been described to be associated with tumour histology, differentiation and consequently survival. In a large, well annotated cohort, we studied both of these biomarkers and explored their association with clinicopathological parameters and survival. A retrospective search of patients with MM who underwent surgery at the Austin Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, was conducted...
October 22, 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774879/strong-anti-tumorous-potential-of-nardostachys-jatamansi-rhizome-extract-on-glioblastoma-and-in-silico-analysis-of-its-molecular-drug-targets
#10
Himanshi Kapoor, Nalini Yadav, Madhu Chopra, Sushil Chandra Mahapatra, Veena Agrawal
Glioblastoma has been reckoned as the prime cause of death due to brain tumours, being most invasive and lethal. Available treatment options, i.e. surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapies are not effective in improving prognosis, so an alternate therapy is insistent. Plant based drugs are efficient due to their synergistic action, multi-targeted approach and least side effects. Present investigation reports the strong anti-tumorous potential of Nardostachys jatamansi rhizome extract (NJRE) on U87 MG glioblastoma cells...
October 19, 2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766737/micrometastasis-in-colorectal-cancer-does-it-affect-staging
#11
Gholamreza Mohajeri, Kavak Hejab, Saba Sheikhbahaei, Mohammadreza Mohajeri, Negar Niknam, Alireza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Micrometastasis (MM) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is not considered in tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging currently and also the prognostic significance of these occult tumoural cells is not proven yet. This study was designed to find whether MM to bone marrow (BM) and/or liver cause upstaging of the tumour according to conventional staging system and if it may alter the survival rate. METHODS: Thirty-eight CRC patients who were candidates of surgical procedure were enrolled in our cross-sectional study...
October 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758721/-ascites-pleural-effusion-and-a-benign-ovarian-tumour-the-triad-of-meigs-syndrome
#12
B J Laan, S M van den Heiligenberg, M Hemelaar
BACKGROUND: Classical Meigs' syndrome consists of the triad of an ovarian fibroma, ascites and pleural effusion. A characteristic of the syndrome is that the excess fluid is resorbed after surgical resection of the tumour. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old woman was admitted to accident and emergency department in a neglected, cachectic and hypothermic condition. A CT scan revealed an ovarian tumour, ascites and a right-sided pleural effusion. The level of the tumour marker CA-125 was also greatly elevated...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753035/digital-pcr-of-genomic-rearrangements-for-monitoring-circulating-tumour-dna
#13
Hongdo Do, Daniel Cameron, Ramyar Molania, Bibhusal Thapa, Gareth Rivalland, Paul L Mitchell, Carmel Murone, Thomas John, Anthony Papenfuss, Alexander Dobrovic
Identifying circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) for monitoring of cancer therapy is dependent on the development of readily designed, sensitive cancer-specific DNA markers. Genomic rearrangements that are present in the vast majority of cancers provide such markers.Tumour DNA isolated from two fresh-frozen lung tumours underwent whole genome sequencing. Genomic rearrangements were detected using a new computational algorithm, GRIDSS. Four genomic rearrangements from each tumour were chosen for further study using rearrangement-specific primers...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718433/liver-angiosarcoma-rare-tumour-associated-with-a-poor-prognosis-literature-review-and-case-report
#14
Mauricio Millan, Alejandro Delgado, Luis A Caicedo, Ana M Arrunategui, Carlos A Meneses, Jorge I Villegas, Oscar Serrano, Liliana Caicedo, Mauricio Duque, Gabriel J Echeverri
INTRODUCTION: Liver angiosarcoma is a very uncommon tumour of mesenchymal origin, representing between 0.1-2% of all primary tumours of the liver, affecting mainly men in their sixth or seventh decade of life, with a high mortality in the first years (Chaudhary et al., 2015). Literature reports of its surgical treatment vary from a total or partial hepatectomy with or without liver transplant. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 37year old male, with a 7year history of a fatty liver, was found to have a 12cm diameter tumour in a cirrhotic liver, during an abdominal Computed Tomography (CT) scan...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701385/a-prognostic-profile-of-hypoxia-induced-genes-for-localised-high-grade-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#15
Ninna Aggerholm-Pedersen, Brita Singers Sørensen, Jens Overgaard, Kasper Toustrup, Steen Baerentzen, Ole Steen Nielsen, Katja Maretty-Kongstad, Marianne Nordsmark, Jan Alsner, Akmal Safwat
BACKGROUND: For decades, tumour hypoxia has been pursued as a cancer treatment target. However, prognostic and predictive biomarkers are essential for the use of this target in the clinic. This study investigates the prognostic value of a hypoxia-induced gene profile in localised soft tissue sarcoma (STS). METHODS: The hypoxia-induced gene quantification was performed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples. The gene expression cut-points were determined in a test cohort of 55 STS patients and used to allocate each patient into a more or a less hypoxic group...
October 25, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687746/unresectability-during-open-surgical-exploration-in-planned-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#16
Zachary Zihui Yong, Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Joelle Fui Sze Wong, Cindy Lim, Khee Chee Soo, Melissa Ching Ching Teo
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy are the treatment of choice for selected patients with peritoneal metastasis. Despite a stringent selection process, some patients were found to be unresectable only at surgery, which leads to disappointment and poor utilisation of limited infrastructural resources. This study aims to determine the pre-operative factors associated with unresectability in planned CRS and HIPEC. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 172 consecutive patients eligible for CRS and HIPEC at the National Cancer Centre Singapore from April 2004 to May 2014 was performed...
December 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677313/serum-ca125-and-he4-levels-as-predictors-for-optimal-interval-surgery-and-platinum-sensitivity-after-neoadjuvant-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#17
Aurélie Pelissier, Aurélie Roulot, Béatrice Guéry, Claire Bonneau, Dominique Bellet, Roman Rouzier
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate a new tumour marker, HE4, and to compare it with CA125 in predicting optimal cytoreduction and response to chemotherapy. Thirty patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer and multiple sera harvested during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) were included. RESULTS: Based on ROC curves analysis, CA125 ≤ 75 UI/ml and HE4 ≤ 252 pmol/L after the 3rd cycles of NAC, with a sensitivity of 93.7 % and a specificity of 92...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671882/the-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-cushing-s-tumours-in-the-republic-of-uzbekistan-establishing-transsphenoidal-surgery-in-a-developing-nation
#18
M P Powell, G J Narimova, Z Ju Halimova
Transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) was introduced into the Republic of Uzbeksistan in 2005, and has been developed there since. The principal center for the management of all pituitary disease is in a single site for a nation of approxiamately 30 million population. Results in the surgery of Cushing's disease (CD) are a marker of surgical technical skill in TSS. All previously published series come from the developed world where sophisticated investigations and management are available. Many of these investigations are not available in Uzbekistan...
September 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665172/the-combination-of-systemic-inflammation-based-marker-nlr-and-circulating-regulatory-t-cells-predicts-the-prognosis-of-resectable-pancreatic-cancer-patients
#19
He Cheng, Guopei Luo, Yu Lu, Kaizhou Jin, Meng Guo, Jin Xu, Jiang Long, Liang Liu, Xianjun Yu, Chen Liu
BACKGROUND: The systemic inflammation response and immune impairment are closely related to the development and progression of various tumours, such as pancreatic cancer. In this study, we evaluated circulating inflammation factors and circulating regulatory T cells (Tregs) as markers of immunosuppression in a cohort of Chinese patients with resectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Samples were retrospectively collected from a series of 195 pathological stage I/II pancreatic cancer patients who underwent potentially curative surgery between June 2010 and April 2014...
September 16, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651693/is-interleukin-10-il10-expression-in-breast-cancer-a-marker-of-poor-prognosis
#20
Hemanga Kumar Bhattacharjee, Virinder Kumar Bansal, Bikash Nepal, Sandeep Srivastava, Amit K Dinda, Mahesh C Misra
Interleukin 10 (IL10) is a poor prognostic marker in several cancers. Its role in breast cancer is not well elucidated. The present study is designed to see the expression of IL10 in breast cancer tissue and to evaluate its correlation with the established markers of prognosis. Sixty female patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer were enrolled for the study. Immediately after surgery, 2-5 g of tumour tissue and similar volume of peritumoural normal breast tissue were collected for IL10 assay. IL10 expression was assayed by immunohistochemistry...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
keyword
keyword
13162
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"