keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery Review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087988/cpg-island-methylator-phenotype-is-an-independent-predictor-of-survival-after-curative-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Chang Hyun Kim, Jung Wook Huh, Hyeong Rok Kim, Young Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is found in approximately 30% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases. However, the role of CIMP status in predicting oncologic outcomes in curatively resected CRC is still unclear. STUDY: Between January 2006 and December 2006, we retrospectively reviewed 157 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for CRC. Prognostic significance of CIMP status was evaluated using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087552/screening-for-atrial-fibrillation-using-economical-and-accurate-technology-safety-a-pilot-study
#2
Mark Lown, Arthur Yue, George Lewith, Paul Little, Mike Moore
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cause of stroke and a marker of atherosclerosis and of all patients with stroke, around 17% have AF. The screening and treatment of AF could prevent about 12% of all strokes. Several relatively low-cost devices with good accuracy now exist which can detect AF including WatchBP and AliveCor. However, they can only measure the ECG or pulse over short time periods. Inexpensive devices such as heart rate monitors, which are widely available, can measure heart rate for prolonged periods and may have potential in screening for AF...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087505/2016-update-of-the-asas-eular-management-recommendations-for-axial-spondyloarthritis
#3
Désirée van der Heijde, Sofia Ramiro, Robert Landewé, Xenofon Baraliakos, Filip Van den Bosch, Alexandre Sepriano, Andrea Regel, Adrian Ciurea, Hanne Dagfinrud, Maxime Dougados, Floris van Gaalen, Pál Géher, Irene van der Horst-Bruinsma, Robert D Inman, Merryn Jongkees, Uta Kiltz, Tore K Kvien, Pedro M Machado, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Anna Molto, Victoria Navarro-Compàn, Salih Ozgocmen, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos, John Reveille, Martin Rudwaleit, Jochen Sieper, Percival Sampaio-Barros, Dieter Wiek, Jürgen Braun
To update and integrate the recommendations for ankylosing spondylitis and the recommendations for the use of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) into one set applicable to the full spectrum of patients with axSpA. Following the latest version of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Standardised Operating Procedures, two systematic literature reviews first collected the evidence regarding all treatment options (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) that were published since 2009...
January 13, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087285/apert-syndrome-a-consensus-on-the-management-of-apert-hands
#4
David A Pettitt, Zeeshaan Arshad, Anuj Mishra, Paul McArthur
INTRODUCTION: Apert Syndrome is a congenital condition characterised by primary craniosynostosis, midfacial malformations and complex symmetrical malformations of the hands and feet. The hands demonstrate one of the most complex collections of congenital upper limb deformities, posing a significant challenge for the paediatric hand surgeon. This study examines the extant literature and current practice of the four UK specialist craniofacial units regarding the management of Apert hands in order to provide a basis for guideline development...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087284/pharmacological-and-surgical-therapy-for-the-central-giant-cell-granuloma-a-long-term-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Willem Hans Schreuder, Henk van den Berg, Anne Marie Westermann, Zachary Scott Peacock, Jan de Lange
PURPOSE: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with a central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) treated at a single center to assess and compare the different surgical and non-surgical approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort with a single histologically proven non-syndrome-related CGCG was selected and reviewed. Patients were allocated to group I (surgery), group II (pharmacotherapy), and group III (pharmacotherapy and surgery). The primary outcome was long-term radiologic response using computed tomography...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087185/the-filum-terminale-internum-and-externum-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Erfanul Saker, Brandon M Henry, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Marios Loukas, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The filum terminale has oven been overlooked in the literature probably due to its small size and historical lack of research on its true morphology. However, this structure's roll in the tethered cord syndrome has become more apparent. Therefore, the current comprehensive review seemed timely. METHODS: Using standard search engines, the history, embryology, anatomy, pathology and surgery of the filum terminale were reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: It is only recently that the true anatomy and pathological involvement of the filum terminale in the tethered cord syndrome have been elucidated...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087160/mri-retrieval-analysis-and-histologic-evaluation-of-adverse-local-tissue-reaction-in-metal-on-polyethylene-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Scott R Nodzo, Christina I Esposito, Hollis G Potter, Chitranjan S Ranawat, Timothy M Wright, Douglas E Padgett
BACKGROUND: The severity and location of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) seen in metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not well described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent a revision THA using our biomechanics database. We included all patients who underwent revision surgery for the diagnosis of ALTR with THA implants that had modularity solely at the head-neck junction and excluded patients with implant modularity at sites other than the head-neck junction...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087136/global-general-pediatric-surgery-partnership-the-ucla-mozambique-experience
#8
Vanda Amado, Deborah B Martins, Abraar Karan, Brittni Johnson, Shant Shekherdimian, Lee T Miller, Atanasio Taela, Daniel A DeUgarte
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There has been increasing recognition of the disparities in surgical care throughout the world. Increasingly, efforts are being made to improve local infrastructure and training of surgeons in low-income settings. The purpose of this study was to review the first 5-years of a global academic pediatric general surgery partnership between UCLA and the Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was utilized to perform an ongoing needs assessment...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087113/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-diaphragm-plication-using-a-running-suture-technique-is-durable-and-effective
#9
David S Demos, Mark F Berry, Leah M Backhus, Joseph B Shrager
OBJECTIVE: Surgeons have hesitated to adopt minimally invasive diaphragm plication techniques because of technical limitations rendering the procedure cumbersome or leading to early failure or reduced efficacy. We sought to demonstrate efficacy and durability of our thoracoscopic plication technique using a single running suture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent our technique for diaphragm plication since 2008. We used a single, buttressed, double-layered, to-and-fro running suture with additional plicating horizontal mattress sutures as needed...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087110/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-assessing-safety-and-efficacy-of-posterior-pericardial-drainage-in-patients-undergoing-heart-surgery
#10
Mirosław Gozdek, Wojciech Pawliszak, Wojciech Hagner, Paweł Zalewski, Janusz Kowalewski, Domenico Paparella, Thierry Carrel, Lech Anisimowicz, Mariusz Kowalewski
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential beneficial effects of posterior pericardial drainage in patients undergoing heart surgery. METHODS: Multiple online databases and relevant congress proceedings were screened for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy and safety of posterior pericardial drainage, defined as posterior pericardiotomy incision, chest tube to posterior pericardium, or both. Primary endpoint was in-hospital/30 days' cardiac tamponade...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087099/prognostic-and-predictive-indicators-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-and-the-role-of-genomic-profiling-focus-on-the-oncotype-dx-%C3%A2-breast-recurrence-score-assay
#11
E Curtit, L Mansi, Y Maisonnette-Escot, J-L Sautière, X Pivot
Although useful prognostic and predictive insights can be gained from patient and tumour characteristics in early-stage breast cancer, it is not always straightforward to predict the likely risk of recurrence for each individual patient following breast surgery. One of the most difficult challenges faced by clinicians is identifying patients who may benefit most from adjuvant chemotherapy, and distinguishing these cases from those where endocrine therapy may be sufficient for cure. Genomic tests such as the Oncotype DX(®) Breast Recurrence Score(®) Assay have been developed to provide a robust and clinically validated assessment of a patient's individual tumour signature...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087048/-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-conventional-surgery-and-surgery-with-delayed-intraoperative-margin-assessment
#12
Judith Domínguez-Cherit, Georgina Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Verónica Narváez Rosales, Sonia Toussaint Caire, Verónica Fonte Avalos
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer includes basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Basal cell carcinoma is the most common and least aggressive but in a low percentage of cases, despite appropriate wide surgical margins, it can be aggressive, producing local invasion, recurrences and distance metastasis. SCC has a more aggressive behaviour invading first the skin, the lymph nodes and less frequently produces distance metastasis OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of recurrent SCC and frequency of new SCC after conventional surgical and primary closure or closure delayed until a histological reporting of tumour-free surgical margins, in order to achieve a better surgical option, in our Mexican population...
January 10, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086937/a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials-of-surgical-methods-with-osteosarcoma-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Xiaojun He, Zhenzhen Gao, Hongwei Xu, Zhongwei Zhang, Peng Fu
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is a high malignant neoplasm, and conflicting findings have been reported on the survival and function recovery of osteosarcoma patients experiencing limb salvage or amputation. In the present study, we compared limb salvage surgery (LSS) with amputation in clinical outcomes of osteosarcoma patients by a meta-analysis. METHODS: The survival rate of osteosarcoma patients was collected from research reports from CNKI, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar till April 30, 2016...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086838/clinical-characteristics-of-genital-chlamydia-infection-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#14
Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon, Chae Chun Rhim
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). This study compared clinical and laboratory data between PID with and without chlamydia infection. METHODS: The medical records of 497 women who were admitted with PID between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups (PID with and without chlamydia infection), which were compared in terms of the patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, and laboratory findings, including inflammatory markers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081544/nomogram-to-predict-pathologic-complete-response-in-her2-positive-breast-cancer-treated-with-neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy
#15
Takeo Fujii, Takahiro Kogawa, Jimin Wu, Aysegul A Sahin, Dian D Liu, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, Sharon H Giordano, Akshara Raghavendra, Rushmy K Murthy, Debu Tripathy, Yu Shen, Jose-Miguel Yamal, Naoto T Ueno
BACKGROUND: Pathologic complete response (pCR) is associated with improved survival outcomes in patients with HER2-positive primary breast cancer. We developed a nomogram to predict the probability of pCR rates by using oestrogen receptor (ER) expression, progesterone receptor (PR) expression and HER2/CEP17 ratio as continuous variables. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with stages I-III HER2-positive invasive breast cancer who had definitive surgery in 1999-2015 and received neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST)...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081314/cryptogenic-organizing-pneumonia-clinical-and-radiological-features-treatment-outcomes-of-17-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Elif Yelda Niksarlıoğlu, Gülcihan Zehra Özkan, Nur Dilek Bakan, Sibel Yurt, Lütfiye Kılıç, Güngör Çamsarı
BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) who attended our clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the clinical and radiological findings, diagnostic methods, treatment, and follow-up outcomes of 17 patients who had been histopathologically diagnosed with COP. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 49.8 ± 10.4 years. The most common symptom was cough (n = 15; 88.2%) and the most common radiological finding (n = 10) was consolidation in the inferior lobes on thoracic computed tomography...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081287/current-insights-into-the-aetiology-pathobiology-and-management-of-local-disease-recurrence-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-review-paper
#17
REVIEW
Jason Yap, Danielle O'Neill, Sangeetha Nagenthiran, Christopher Dawson, David Luesley
Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva is predominantly a disease of the elderly, where the mainstay of treatment is radical surgery. Local vulval recurrence (LVR) is a significant problem for these patients, and the rates of recurrence have not improved over the last three decades. Disappointingly, we still lack an understanding of how LVRs develop and the best approach to prevent and manage the condition. This review discusses recent insights into the key prognostic factors that influence the risk of recurrence, focusing on the role of tumour-adjacent non-neoplastic epithelial disorders, which are thought to play a causative role...
January 12, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080207/laparoscopic-gastropleural-fistula-repair-a-minimally-invasive-solution-for-a-complex-problem
#18
Ran B Luo, Shanglei Liu, Jonathan C DeLong, Garth R Jacobsen, Bryan J Sandler, Santiago Horgan
INTRODUCTION: Gastropleural fistula (GPF) is a complex pathology that can present as a result of surgery, trauma, peptic ulcer disease, malignancies, radiation, or chemotherapy. Management typically includes endoscopic or surgical intervention along with intraabdominal or intrathoracic drainage of pre-existing infection. Traditionally, surgical approaches have been through exploratory laparotomy or thoracotomy, subjecting already ill patients to additional morbidity. CASE REPORT: We describe and demonstrate a laparoscopic minimally invasive approach to the management of a GPF with a wedge resection of the stomach, along with a review of the current literature regarding GPF treatment...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079822/successfully-treated-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-by-open-fetal-surgery-a-care-compliant-case-report-of-a-5-year-follow-up-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Rui Wang, Yi Huang, Yao Fu, Wen Ai, Meng Zeng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079780/subspecialty-influence-on-scientific-peer-review-for-an-obstetrics-and-gynecology-journal-with-a-high-impact-factor
#20
Laura I Parikh, Rebecca S Benner, Thomas W Riggs, Nicholas Hazen, Nancy C Chescheir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether quality of peer review and reviewer recommendation differ based on reviewer subspecialty in obstetrics and gynecology and to determine the role of experience on reviewer recommendation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of reviews submitted to Obstetrics & Gynecology between January 2010 and December 2014. Subspecialties were determined based on classification terms selected by each reviewer and included all major obstetrics and gynecology subspecialties, general obstetrics and gynecology, and nonobstetrics and gynecology categories...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
13158
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"