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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434176/persistent-and-recurrent-hyperparathyroidism
#1
REVIEW
Carole Guerin, Nunzia Cinzia Paladino, Aoife Lowery, Fréderic Castinetti, David Taieb, Fréderic Sebag
Despite remarkable progress in imaging modalities and surgical management, persistence or recurrence of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) still occurs in 2.5-5% of cases of PHPT. The aim of this review is to expose the management of persistent and recurrent hyperparathyroidism. A literature search was performed on MEDLINE using the search terms "recurrent" or "persistent" and "hyperparathyroidism" within the past 10 years. We also searched the reference lists of articles identified by this search strategy and selected those we judged relevant...
April 22, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434033/the-gut-microbiome-as-a-target-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-hyperglycaemia-in-type-2-diabetes-from-current-human-evidence-to-future-possibilities
#2
REVIEW
Louise Brunkwall, Marju Orho-Melander
The totality of microbial genomes in the gut exceeds the size of the human genome, having around 500-fold more genes that importantly complement our coding potential. Microbial genes are essential for key metabolic processes, such as the breakdown of indigestible dietary fibres to short-chain fatty acids, biosynthesis of amino acids and vitamins, and production of neurotransmitters and hormones. During the last decade, evidence has accumulated to support a role for gut microbiota (analysed from faecal samples) in glycaemic control and type 2 diabetes...
April 22, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434005/chorioamniotic-membrane-separation-after-fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation
#3
Mayumi Takano, Masahiko Nakata, Susumu Murata, Masahiro Sumie, Mineto Morita
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors, incidence, and influence on the perinatal outcome of chorioamniotic membrane separation (CMS) after fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 312 women who underwent FLP for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Clinical records were used to review obstetrical examinations, complications, operative data, ultrasonographic findings, and perinatal and neonatal follow-up data in all patients...
April 22, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433987/radiofrequency-lesions-through-deep-brain-stimulation-electrodes-in-movement-disorders-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Javier Pérez-Suárez, Cristina V Torres Díaz, Lydia López Manzanares, Marta Navas García, Jesús Pastor, Patricia Barrio Fernández, Rafael G de Sola
BACKGROUND: Although there are few reports of radiofrequency lesions performed through deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes in patients with movement disorders, experience with this method is scarce. METHODS: We present 2 patients who had been previously treated with DBS of subthalamic nuclei (STN) and the ventral intermediate (VIM) nucleus of the thalamus for Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, respectively, and underwent a radiofrequency lesion through their DBS electrodes after developing a hardware infection...
April 22, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433849/clinical-significance-of-long-term-follow-up-of-children-with-posttraumatic-skull-base-fracture
#5
Sharon Leibu, Guy Rosenthal, Yigal Shoshan, Mony Benifla
BACKGROUND: To assess in children with skull base fractures, incidences of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, meningitis, and the need for prophylactic antibiotics, anti-pneumococcal vaccination, and surgical interventions. METHODS: We reviewed the records of children with skull base fractures who were admitted to our tertiary care center during 2009-2014. RESULTS: 196 children (153 male) were hospitalized with skull base fractures, aged 1 month to 18 years (mean 6 ± 4 years)...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433840/the-unusual-presentation-of-a-myxoma-within-the-sphenoid-sinus-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Julian V Clarke, Aditi H Mandpe, Peter B Weber, Hannes Vogel, Lewis Z Leng
BACKGROUND: We describe a rare case of a sphenoid sinus myxoma that was resected via an endoscopic endonasal skull base approach. We review the literature regarding these rare tumors of the paranasal sinuses. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72 year old female was diagnosed with an incidental sphenoid sinus tumor and left sphenoid wing meningioma during work-up for left sided proptosis and diplopia. Biopsies of the sphenoid wing and sphenoid sinus tumors were obtained. After undergoing surgical resection of the meningioma, the patient then underwent definitive resection of the sphenoid sinus myxoma via endoscopic endonasal skull base approach...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433839/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-evoked-potential-monitoring-techniques-during-intracranial-aneurysm-surgery-for-predicting-postoperative-ischaemic-damage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Benjamin Thomas, Dongsheng Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of various evoked potential monitoring techniques in predicting postoperative neurological deficit in intracranial aneurysm surgery. METHODS: A literature search of the MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases was conducted for English language papers published between 31 March 1983 and 31 March 2016. Original studies that reported the use of evoked potential monitoring during intracranial aneurysm surgery in predicting postoperative neurological damage were selected, and their relevant reference lists were hand searched...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433838/outcome-of-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-and-radiological-parameters
#8
H Pinson, G Hallaert, P Herregodts, K Everaert, T Couvreur, J Caemaert, J P Kalala, D Van Roost
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to critically evaluate the long-term results of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), without use of rhBMP-2, as a therapeutic option for symptomatic patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). Furthermore this study intends to identify predictive parameters for anterior lumbar interbody fusion outcome. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with additional telephone interview to obtain missing data was performed. All patients who underwent a L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 ALIF-procedure in the period between 2006 and 2011 were identified...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433725/clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-treatment-of-spinal-paraganglioma-a-case-series-of-18-patients
#9
Mengchen Yin, Quan Huan, Zhengwang Sun, Shaohui He, Ye Xia, Wen Mo, Junming Ma, Jianru Xiao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Paraganglioma rarely develops in the spine. With few cases reported, little knowledge about this disease was known. The objective of this study is to illustrate the clinical features, imaging manifestations, pathological appearances and long-term outcomes of the consecutive surgeries by literature review. METHODS: The clinical and follow-up data of 18 patients who were diagnosed of spinal paraganglioma and treated with surgeries in our hospitals from 2003 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
March 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433641/analysis-of-complications-of-pelvic-mesh-excision-surgery-using-the-clavien-dindo-classification-system
#10
Goran Rac, Alyssa Greiman, Andrew Rabley, T J Tipton, Leah R Chiles, Drew A Freilich, Ross Rames, Lindsey Cox, Michelle Koski, Eric S Rovner
PURPOSE: To describe and categorize complications in patients undergoing vaginal mesh excision surgery using the Clavien-Dindo classification system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 277 patients who underwent vaginal mesh extraction between 2007 and 2015 at a single institution was conducted with Institutional Review Board approval. Surgical complications were stratified using the Clavien-Dindo classification system. Complications were noted to be either peri-operative (prior to discharge) or post-operative (within 90 days)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433599/coronectomy-and-dentigerous-cysts-a-review-of-68-patients
#11
REVIEW
Marianne Henien, Chris Sproat, Jerry Kwok, Kiran Beneng, Vinod Patel
OBJECTIVE: This large case series retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of coronectomy in conjunction with dentigerous cyst removal in 68 patients at the oral surgery department of Guy's Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 68 patients was undertaken in a single department where 73 teeth with associated dentigerous cysts were treated by coronectomy to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury or mandibular fracture. RESULTS: One patient experienced permanent injury of the inferior alveolar nerve...
February 20, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433486/gallstone-ileus-an-overview-of-the-literature
#12
C F Ploneda-Valencia, M Gallo-Morales, C Rinchon, E Navarro-Muñiz, C A Bautista-López, L F de la Cerda-Trujillo, L A Rea-Azpeitia, C R López-Lizarraga
INTRODUCTION: Gallstone ileus represents 4% of the causes of bowel obstruction in the general population, but increases to 25% in patients above the age of 65 years. Gallstone ileus does not present with unique symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. Its management is surgical, but there is no consensus as to which of the different surgical techniques is the procedure of choice. At present, there is no recent review of this pathology. AIM: To conduct an up-to-date review of this disease...
April 19, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433425/effect-of-spinal-fusion-surgery-on-total-hip-arthroplasty-outcomes-a-matched-comparison-study
#13
Jing Loong Moses Loh, Lei Jiang, Hwei Chi Chong, Seng Jin Yeo, Ngai Nung Lo
BACKGROUND: Studies regarding postoperative outcomes after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients who have comorbid factors tend to focus on medical diseases. However, there is a paucity of literature examining the effect of a patient's orthopedic surgical history on outcomes after THA. Significantly, there are currently no studies on the effect of spinal fusion surgery on THA outcomes. METHODS: A review of 82 consecutive patients who had prior spinal fusion surgery who underwent elective THA from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015, was conducted...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433385/perioperative-risks-of-narcolepsy-in-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-case-control-study
#14
Alexandre N Cavalcante, Ryan E Hofer, Maja Tippmann-Peikert, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the perioperative outcomes between patients with narcolepsy and matched controls undergoing anesthetic management. DESIGN: Retrospective 2:1 matched study design. SETTING: Large tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Narcoleptic patients who underwent general anesthesia from January 1, 2011, through September 30, 2015, were matched with controls by age, sex, and type and year of surgery. MEASUREMENTS: Medical records were reviewed for episodes of respiratory depression during phase I recovery and for other meaningful perioperative outcomes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433263/memory-assessment-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-to-predict-memory-impairment-after-surgery-a-systematic-review
#15
P Parra-Díaz, N García-Casares
INTRODUCTION: Given that surgical treatment of refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy may cause memory impairment, determining which patients are eligible for surgery is essential. However, there is little agreement on which presurgical memory assessment methods are best able to predict memory outcome after surgery and identify those patients with a greater risk of surgery-induced memory decline. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic literature review to determine which presurgical memory assessment methods best predict memory outcome...
April 19, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433227/nonsurgical-therapies-for-basal-cell-carcinoma-a-review
#16
S Ariza, S Espinosa, M Naranjo
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most prevalent malignant tumor in humans and the local destruction of tissue that can result from excision has a significant impact on well-being. Treating BCC is costly for health care systems given the high incidence of this tumor, especially in older patients. Standard treatment involves either resection with histologic assessment of margins or Mohs micrographic surgery. Surgery is sometimes contraindicated, however, due to the presence of significant comorbidity or high cosmetic expectations...
April 19, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433212/comparison-between-piezoelectric-surgery-and-conventional-saw-in-sagittal-split-osteotomies-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
L F Silva, E N R Carvalho-Reis, J P Bonardi, V N de Lima, G A C Momesso, I R Garcia-Junior, L P Faverani
A systematic review of the advantages and disadvantages of piezoelectric surgery in comparison with conventional saws for sagittal split osteotomy (SSO) was performed. Relevant studies published in the last 10 years were identified through a search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, and Embase databases and assessed against predetermined eligibility criteria. The initial search resulted in 1736 articles. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 12 articles remained. A total of 799 patients with an average age of 27...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433207/correlation-of-frontal-sinus-recess-anatomy-with-ethnicity-gender-and-pathology
#18
Laura K House, Scott P Stringer, Samantha Seals
PURPOSE: Research on frontal sinus cells has been conflicting regarding relationship between frontal sinus cells and frontal sinus disease. There are no published studies regarding gender differences in frontal sinus disease. No comparisons between African Americans and Caucasians and frontal sinus disease have been published. This study attempts to define the above relationships as well as the relationship between number and types of cells and disease. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on sinus CT scans done from 2003 to 2011 at an academic medical center...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432678/anal-metastasis-of-rectal-cancer-adenocarcinoma-of-squamous-cells-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Shun Sasaki, Masahiko Sugiyama, Yu Nakaji, Ryota Nakanishi, Yuichiro Nakashima, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Yoshinao Oda, Yoshihiko Maehara
Anal metastasis of colorectal cancer is very rare and is usually associated with a history of anal disease, including anal fistula, fissure, hemorrhoidectomy, and anastomotic injury. We report a case of rectal cancer with a synchronous anal metastasis consisting of adenocarcinoma of squamous cells without a history of anal disease. A 60-year-old woman had a chief complaint of melena. She had a 1.5-cm anal tumor on the perianal skin, and a Bollman type 2 rectal tumor on the Ra portion was found on colonoscopy...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432584/clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-spinal-meningiomas
#20
Liang Wu, Chenlong Yang, Tie Liu, Jingyi Fang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Pediatric spinal meningiomas are very rare. Most studies on pediatric spinal meningiomas are case reports with literature reviews. This study presented a surgical series of 14 pediatric patients with histologically proven sporadic spinal meningiomas, including 5 WHO grade II tumors. In this series, there were 9 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of 11.1 years. Seven tumors were located in the cervical spine, 5 in the thoracic spine, and 2 in the lumbar spine. Gross total resection (GTR) of the tumor with a well-demarcated dissection plane was achieved in 11 cases, subtotal resection was achieved in 2 cases, and partial resection was performed in 1 case...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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