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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133918/fast-simultaneous-assessment-of-renal-and-liver-function-using-polymethine-dyes-in-animal-models-of-chronic-and-acute-organ-injury
#1
A T Press, M J Butans, T P Haider, C Weber, S Neugebauer, M Kiehntopf, U S Schubert, M G Clemens, M Bauer, A Kortgen
Simultaneous assessment of excretory liver and kidney function is still an unmet need in experimental stress models as well as in critical care. The aim of the study was to characterize two polymethine-dyes potentially suitable for this purpose in vivo. Plasma disappearance rate and elimination measurements of simultaneously injected fluorescent dyes DY-780 (hepato-biliary elimination) and DY-654(renal elimination) were conducted using catheter techniques and intravital microscopy in animals subjected to different organ injuries, i...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100896/liver-disease-and-heart-failure-back-and-forth
#2
REVIEW
Michele Correale, Nicola Tarantino, Rossella Petrucci, Lucia Tricarico, Irma Laonigro, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti
In their clinical practice, physicians can face heart diseases (chronic or acute heart failure) affecting the liver and liver diseases affecting the heart. Systemic diseases can also affect both heart and liver. Therefore, it is crucial in clinical practice to identify complex interactions between heart and liver, in order to provide the best treatment for both. In this review, we sought to summarize principal evidence explaining the mechanisms and supporting the existence of this complicate cross-talk between heart and liver...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099543/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-chronic-liver-diseases-in-adults
#3
REVIEW
Goran Bjelakovic, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Marko Bjelakovic, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is often reported in people with chronic liver diseases. Therefore, improving vitamin D status could have a beneficial effect on people with chronic liver diseases. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of vitamin D supplementation in people with chronic liver diseases. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Science...
November 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096421/glucocorticosteroids-for-people-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#4
REVIEW
Chavdar S Pavlov, Daria L Varganova, Giovanni Casazza, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic hepatitis is a form of alcoholic liver disease, characterised by steatosis, necroinflammation, fibrosis, and potential complications to the liver disease. Typically, alcoholic hepatitis presents in people between 40 and 50 years of age. Alcoholic hepatitis can be resolved if people abstain from drinking, but the risk of death will depend on the severity of the liver damage and abstinence from alcohol. Glucocorticosteroids are used as anti-inflammatory drugs for people with alcoholic hepatitis...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096347/accompanying-role-of-hepato-biliary-pancreas-surgeon-in-urological-surgery
#5
Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Kouichi Yano, Takeomi Hamada, Takashi Wada, Yoshiro Fujii, Fumiaki Kawano, Takuto Ikeda, Shinsuke Takeno, Eisaku Nakamura, Kunihide Nakamura, Shoichiro Mukai, Toshio Kamimura, Toshiyuki Kamoto
INTRODUCTION: The present case reports demonstrated the accompanying surgical support from hepato-biliary-pancreas (HBP) surgeons for urological surgery to secure operative safety because HBP surgeons are well experienced in dissecting techniques for mobilization of the liver or pancreas. We experienced 9 consecutive patients who underwent nephrectomy, adrenectomy or resection of retroperitoneal tumors by urological surgeons. Cardiovascular intervention was also required in cases of long tumor thrombus into the vena cava...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078210/-personalized-treatment-for-colorectal-carcinomas
#6
Sebastian Stintzing
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a major cause for cancer related death in Western countries. Particularly in the metastatic stage (mCRC) 5-year survival rate remains low at around 15 %. Treatment decisions are influenced by tumor stage, location of the primary, and extend of metastases. The multidisciplinary tumor board with an experienced hepato-biliary surgeon, an interventional radiologist, the medical oncologist, the molecular pathologist and the radiation oncologist will gain further importance in the quest for the optimal treatment for each patient...
November 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990311/comprehensive-data-of-3-820-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-colorectal-liver-metastasis-between-2005-and-2007-a-report-of-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#7
Katsunori Sakamoto, Goro Honda, Toru Beppu, Kenjiro Kotake, Masakazu Yamamoto, Keiichi Takahashi, Itaru Endo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Michio Itabashi, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Yoshihito Kotera, Shin Kobayashi, Tatsuro Yamaguchi, Satoshi Morita, Masaru Miyazaki, Kenichi Sugihara
To collect big data for further research to improve treatment outcomes in patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), the Joint Committee for Nationwide Survey on CRLM was established by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum and the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. The joint committee initiated data collection since 2014. The data of 4,237 patients newly diagnosed with CRLM between 2005 and 2007 were registered from 134 departments of 127 institutions (64%) among 209 departments (from 201 institutions) that agreed to participate in this study...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982868/peripheral-tr1-and-foxp3-treg-as-markers-of-recurrent-malignancies-in-patients-with-hepato-biliary-pancreatic-cancers
#8
Tetsuya Ikemoto, Mitsuo Shimada, Daichi Ishikawa, Yoichiro Kawashita, Hiroki Teraoku, Masato Yoshikawa, Shinichiro Yamada, Y U Saito, Yuji Morine, Satoru Imura
BACKGROUND/AIM: Recently CD4(+)CD49b(+) LAG3(+)regulatory T (Tr1) cells are reported to be IL-10 driven, have strong regulatory activities. Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether Treg and Tr1 cells participate in immunological status against cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood was withdrawn from patients (n=78), and healthy volunteers as controls (n=23). The peripheral blood mononuclear cells were subjected to FACScan analysis after labeling with anti-CD4, -CD25, - Foxp3, -CD49b and -LAG3 antibodies...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963814/pioneers-in-laparoscopic-hepato-biliary-pancreatic-surgery
#9
EDITORIAL
Yoshihiro Miyasaka, Masafumi Nakamura, Go Wakabayashi
Laparoscopic operations have become widespread in the field of digestive surgery, and many surgical procedures are now performed laparoscopically. Although laparoscopic operations have several limitations, such as a two-dimensional view, lack of tactile sensation, requirement for special surgical skills, and the high cost of equipment, their advantages include less postoperative pain, quicker recovery to daily life, and a wide view that enables delicate maneuvers have facilitated spread of this procedure. This article is protected by copyright...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956067/erratum-to-impact-of-intra-abdominal-absorbable-sutures-on-surgical-site-infection-in-gastrointestinal-and-hepato-biliary-pancreatic-surgery-results-of-a-multicenter-randomized-prospective-phase-ii-clinical-trial
#10
Yoshihiko Maehara, Ken Shirabe, Shunji Kohnoe, Yasunori Emi, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Hideo Baba, Masataka Ikeda, Michiya Kobayashi, Tadatoshi Takayama, Shoji Natsugoe, Masashi Haraguchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Masanori Terashima, Mitsuru Sasako, Hiroki Yamaue, Norihiro Kokudo, Katsuhiko Uesaka, Shinji Uemoto, Tomoo Kosuge, Yoshiki Sawa, Mitsuo Shimada, Yuichiro Doki, Masakazu Yamamoto, Akinobu Taketomi, Masahiro Takeuchi, Kouhei Akazawa, Takeharu Yamanaka, Mototsugu Shimokawa
In the original publication, the article category was published as "Review Article". The correct category should read as "Original Article".
September 27, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953318/terlipressin-versus-other-vasoactive-drugs-for-hepatorenal-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Mads Israelsen, Aleksander Krag, Andrew S Allegretti, Manol Jovani, Alison H Goldin, Rachel W Winter, Lise Lotte Gluud
BACKGROUND: Hepatorenal syndrome is defined as severe renal failure occurring in people with cirrhosis and ascites. Systematic reviews of randomised clinical trials found that, compared with placebo, terlipressin may reduce mortality and improve renal function in people with hepatorenal syndrome, but we need current evidence from systematic reviews on the benefits and harms of terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs for people with hepatorenal syndrome...
September 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922704/direct-acting-antivirals-for-chronic-hepatitis-c
#12
REVIEW
Janus C Jakobsen, Emil Eik Nielsen, Joshua Feinberg, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Kristina Fobian, Goran Hauser, Goran Poropat, Snezana Djurisic, Karl Heinz Weiss, Milica Bjelakovic, Goran Bjelakovic, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jian Ping Liu, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Ronald L Koretz, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Millions of people worldwide suffer from hepatitis C, which can lead to severe liver disease, liver cancer, and death. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), e.g. sofosbuvir, are relatively new and expensive interventions for chronic hepatitis C, and preliminary results suggest that DAAs may eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) from the blood (sustained virological response). Sustained virological response (SVR) is used by investigators and regulatory agencies as a surrogate outcome for morbidity and mortality, based solely on observational evidence...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834615/self-assembled-liver-organoids-recapitulate-hepato-biliary-organogenesis-in-vitro
#13
Dipen Vyas, Pedro M Baptista, Matthew Brovold, Emma Moran, Matthew Brovold, Brandon Gaston, Chris Booth, Michael Samuel, Anthony Atala, Shay Soker
Several 3D cell culture systems are currently available to create liver organoids. In general, these systems display better physiologic and metabolic aspects of intact liver tissue, compared with 2D culture systems. However, none of these reliably mimic human liver development, including parallel formation of hepatocyte and cholangiocyte anatomical structures. Here, we show that human fetal liver progenitor cells self-assemble inside acellular liver extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds to form 3D liver organoids that recapitulated several aspects of hepato-biliary organogenesis and resulted in concomitant formation of progressively more differentiated hepatocytes and bile duct structures...
August 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808225/congestive-preconditioning-by-portal-venous-clamping-a-novel-preventive-concept-for-small-intestinal-congestive-re-outflow-injury
#14
Hironori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Takamura, Ryosuke Gabata, Yoshinao Ohbatake, Shinichi Nakanuma, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
BACKGROUND Congestion of the small intestine, which induces mucosal damage via apoptosis, is a common pathophysiological change in hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery, including liver transplantation. Small intestinal mucosal damage can trigger postoperative complications via various pathways. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy of intermittent portal venous clamping, which we named congestive preconditioning (CPC), for decreasing congestive re-outflow injury (CRoI) of the small intestine. MATERIAL AND METHODS Small intestinal CRoI was induced in rats by clamping the portal vein (PV) for 30 min, followed by re-outflow...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796283/flumazenil-versus-placebo-or-no-intervention-for-people-with-cirrhosis-and-hepatic-encephalopathy
#15
REVIEW
Ee Teng Goh, Mette L Andersen, Marsha Y Morgan, Lise Lotte Gluud
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of cirrhosis which results in poor brain functioning. The spectrum of changes associated with hepatic encephalopathy ranges from the clinically 'indiscernible' or minimal hepatic encephalopathy to the clinically 'obvious' or overt hepatic encephalopathy. Flumazenil is a synthetic benzodiazepine antagonist with high affinity for the central benzodiazepine recognition site. Flumazenil may benefit people with hepatic encephalopathy through an indirect negative allosteric modulatory effect on gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor function...
August 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783522/fatal-liver-gas-gangrene-after-biliary-surgery
#16
Yui Miyata, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Kazuya Koizumi, Jun Kawachi, Madoka Kudo, Shinichi Teshima, Naoko Isogai, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Liver gas gangrene is a rare condition with a highly mortality rate. It is mostly associated with host factors, such as malignancy and immunosuppression. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 57-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with abnormalities of her serum hepato-biliary enzymes. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebral infarction, and chronic renal failure. She was diagnosed with bile duct cancer of the liver hilum and a left hepatectomy was carried out, with extrahepatic bile duct resection...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745801/flumazenil-versus-placebo-or-no-intervention-for-people-with-cirrhosis-and-hepatic-encephalopathy
#17
REVIEW
Ee Teng Goh, Mette L Andersen, Marsha Y Morgan, Lise Lotte Gluud
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of cirrhosis which results in poor brain functioning. The spectrum of changes associated with hepatic encephalopathy ranges from the clinically 'indiscernible' or minimal hepatic encephalopathy to the clinically 'obvious' or overt hepatic encephalopathy. Flumazenil is a synthetic benzodiazepine antagonist with high affinity for the central benzodiazepine recognition site. Flumazenil may benefit people with hepatic encephalopathy through an indirect negative allosteric modulatory effect on gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor function...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585310/direct-acting-antivirals-for-chronic-hepatitis-c
#18
REVIEW
Janus C Jakobsen, Emil Eik Nielsen, Joshua Feinberg, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Kristina Fobian, Goran Hauser, Goran Poropat, Snezana Djurisic, Karl Heinz Weiss, Milica Bjelakovic, Goran Bjelakovic, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jian Ping Liu, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Ronald L Koretz, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Millions of people worldwide suffer from hepatitis C, which can lead to severe liver disease, liver cancer, and death. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are relatively new and expensive interventions for chronic hepatitis C, and preliminary results suggest that DAAs may eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) from the blood (sustained virological response). However, it is still questionable if eradication of hepatitis C virus in the blood eliminates hepatitis C in the body, and improves survival and leads to fewer complications...
June 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567454/distal-pancreatectomy-with-splenorenal-shunt-to-preserve-spleen-in-a-cirrhotic-patient
#19
Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri, Marco Colasanti, Edoardo de Werra, Pasquale Lepiane
At pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is an aggressive malignancy with a high recurrence rate. Due to its high potentials of local invasion and distant metastasis, surgical resection is the only means for possible long-term survival. Surgical treatment comprises a distal pancreatectomy with or without splenectomy. Surgery has been conventionally contraindicated for patients with cirrhosis and portal vein hepato-biliary hypertension. Splenorenal shunt was first described by Warren and colleagues, to prevent death from bleeding esophageal varices in a patient with a patent portal vein hypertension...
May 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560775/joint-congress-of-the-6th-biennial-congress-of-the-asian-pacific-hepato-pancreato-biliary-association-the-29th-meeting-of-japanese-society-of-hepato-biliary-pancreatic-surgery
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
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