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R Kumar, G Garcea
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a reliable, reproducible and non-invasive measure of functional capacity. CPET has been increasingly used to assess pre-operative risk and stratify patients at risk of mortality and morbidity following surgery. CPET parameters that predict outcomes within liver and pancreas cancer surgery still remain to be defined. METHODS: A systematic review to assess CPET use in predicting post-operative outcomes in liver and pancreas cancer surgery was carried out using the following databases AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Google Scholar and PubMED...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Angela L Chiew, Christian Gluud, Jesper Brok, Nick A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the most widely used non-prescription analgesic in the world. Paracetamol is commonly taken in overdose either deliberately or unintentionally. In high-income countries, paracetamol toxicity is a common cause of acute liver injury. There are various interventions to treat paracetamol poisoning, depending on the clinical status of the person. These interventions include inhibiting the absorption of paracetamol from the gastrointestinal tract (decontamination), removal of paracetamol from the vascular system, and antidotes to prevent the formation of, or to detoxify, metabolites...
February 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Karl-Heinz Wagner, Ryan G Shiels, Claudia Anna Lang, Nazlisadat Seyed Khoei, Andrew C Bulmer
Hyperbilirubinemia is a well-known condition in the clinical setting; however, the causes of elevated serum bilirubin are diverse, as are the clinical ramifications of this condition. For example, diagnoses of individuals vary depending on whether they exhibit an unconjugated or conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Diagnoses can include conditions of disordered bilirubin metabolism (Gilbert's, Crigler-Najjar, Rotor, or Dubin-Johnson syndromes) or an acquired disease, including alcoholic/non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hepatotropic hepatitis, cirrhosis, or hepato-biliary malignancy...
February 1, 2018: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
Satoshi Mochida, Nobuaki Nakayama, Akio Ido, Kazuaki Inoue, Takuya Genda, Yasuhiro Takikawa, Isao Sakaida, Shuji Terai, Osamu Yokosuka, Masahito Shimizu, Hajime Takikawa
To establish diagnostic criteria for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in Japan, the Intractable Hepato-Biliary Disease Study Group of Japan performed a multicenter pilot survey for patients fulfilling the APASL, EASL-Clif Consortium, or Chinese Medical Association (CMA) diagnostic criteria for ACLF and found that the APASL criteria were suitable for screening Japanese patients with ACLF when patients whose conditions were triggered by gastrointestinal bleeding were included within the disease entity, while the EASL-Clif Consortium criteria were useful for classifying the severity of the patients' conditions...
January 23, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Tae Gyu Kim
Purpose: This study sought to identify potential candidates for adjuvant radiotherapy and patterns of regional failure in patients who underwent curative-intent surgery for gallbladder cancer. Materials and Methods: Records for 70 patients with gallbladder cancer who underwent curative resection at a single institution between 2000 and 2016 were analysed retrospectively. No patients received adjuvant radiotherapy. Initial patterns of failure were evaluated. Regional recurrence was categorized according to the definitions of lymph node stations suggested by the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery...
December 20, 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
Jason Wang, Ronald Ma, Paul Eleftheriou, Leonid Churilov, David Debono, Ray Robbins, Mehrdad Nikfarjam, Chris Christophi, Laurence Weinberg
BACKGROUND: A cost analyses of complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) was performed in a high volume hepato-biliary-pancreatic service. We hypothesised that costs are increased with both severity and number of complications; we investigated the relationship between complications and specific cost centres. METHODS: 100 patients from 2011 to 2016 were included. Data relating to their perioperative course were collected. Complications were documented by the Clavien-Dindo classification and costs were inflated and converted to 2017 USD...
December 13, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
G Jin, K L Zheng, S W Guo, Z Shao, C Liu, X H Shi, R D Liu, S J Bai, H Jiang, Y Bian, X G Hu
Objective: To compare the clinical therapeutic effects of arterial first approach pancreaticoduodenectomy(AFA-PD) with standard approach pancreaticoduodenectomy(SPD) in the treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC). Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 113 cases of pancreatic cancer patients from January 2014 to August 2015 at Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, including 43 cases in AFA-PD group and 70 cases in SPD group...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Daniel Mønsted Shabanzadeh, Srdan Novovic
Gallstone disease and pancreatitis are the most frequent benign hepato-biliary causes of hospital admissions. Gallstone disease is prevalent, but symptomatic disease develops only in about one out of five carriers. Alcohol intake seems to protect gallstone formation in cohort studies possibly through effects on bile cholesterol metabolism, the enterohepatic circulation, and gallbladder function. The impact of smoking on gallstone formation seems minor. Both alcohol intake and smoking do not alter the clinical course of gallstone disease carriers...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
A T Press, M J Butans, T P Haider, C Weber, S Neugebauer, M Kiehntopf, U S Schubert, M G Clemens, M Bauer, A Kortgen
Simultaneous assessment of excretory liver and kidney function is still an unmet need in experimental stress models as well as in critical care. The aim of the study was to characterize two polymethine-dyes potentially suitable for this purpose in vivo. Plasma disappearance rate and elimination measurements of simultaneously injected fluorescent dyes DY-780 (hepato-biliary elimination) and DY-654(renal elimination) were conducted using catheter techniques and intravital microscopy in animals subjected to different organ injuries, i...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michele Correale, Nicola Tarantino, Rossella Petrucci, Lucia Tricarico, Irma Laonigro, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti
In their clinical practice, physicians can face heart diseases (chronic or acute heart failure) affecting the liver and liver diseases affecting the heart. Systemic diseases can also affect both heart and liver. Therefore, it is crucial in clinical practice to identify complex interactions between heart and liver, in order to provide the best treatment for both. In this review, we sought to summarize principal evidence explaining the mechanisms and supporting the existence of this complicate cross-talk between heart and liver...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Goran Bjelakovic, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Marko Bjelakovic, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is often reported in people with chronic liver diseases. Therefore, improving vitamin D status could have a beneficial effect on people with chronic liver diseases. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of vitamin D supplementation in people with chronic liver diseases. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Science...
November 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Chavdar S Pavlov, Daria L Varganova, Giovanni Casazza, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic hepatitis is a form of alcoholic liver disease, characterised by steatosis, necroinflammation, fibrosis, and potential complications to the liver disease. Typically, alcoholic hepatitis presents in people between 40 and 50 years of age. Alcoholic hepatitis can be resolved if people abstain from drinking, but the risk of death will depend on the severity of the liver damage and abstinence from alcohol. Glucocorticosteroids are used as anti-inflammatory drugs for people with alcoholic hepatitis...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Kouichi Yano, Takeomi Hamada, Takashi Wada, Yoshiro Fujii, Fumiaki Kawano, Takuto Ikeda, Shinsuke Takeno, Eisaku Nakamura, Kunihide Nakamura, Shoichiro Mukai, Toshio Kamimura, Toshiyuki Kamoto
INTRODUCTION: The present case reports demonstrated the accompanying surgical support from hepato-biliary-pancreas (HBP) surgeons for urological surgery to secure operative safety because HBP surgeons are well experienced in dissecting techniques for mobilization of the liver or pancreas. We experienced 9 consecutive patients who underwent nephrectomy, adrenectomy or resection of retroperitoneal tumors by urological surgeons. Cardiovascular intervention was also required in cases of long tumor thrombus into the vena cava...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sebastian Stintzing
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a major cause for cancer related death in Western countries. Particularly in the metastatic stage (mCRC) 5-year survival rate remains low at around 15 %. Treatment decisions are influenced by tumor stage, location of the primary, and extend of metastases. The multidisciplinary tumor board with an experienced hepato-biliary surgeon, an interventional radiologist, the medical oncologist, the molecular pathologist and the radiation oncologist will gain further importance in the quest for the optimal treatment for each patient...
November 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Katsunori Sakamoto, Goro Honda, Toru Beppu, Kenjiro Kotake, Masakazu Yamamoto, Keiichi Takahashi, Itaru Endo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Michio Itabashi, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Yoshihito Kotera, Shin Kobayashi, Tatsuro Yamaguchi, Satoshi Morita, Masaru Miyazaki, Kenichi Sugihara
To collect big data for further research to improve treatment outcomes in patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), the Joint Committee for Nationwide Survey on CRLM was established by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum and the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. The joint committee initiated data collection since 2014. The data of 4,237 patients newly diagnosed with CRLM between 2005 and 2007 were registered from 134 departments of 127 institutions (64%) among 209 departments (from 201 institutions) that agreed to participate in this study...
February 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Tetsuya Ikemoto, Mitsuo Shimada, Daichi Ishikawa, Yoichiro Kawashita, Hiroki Teraoku, Masato Yoshikawa, Shinichiro Yamada, Y U Saito, Yuji Morine, Satoru Imura
BACKGROUND/AIM: Recently CD4(+)CD49b(+) LAG3(+)regulatory T (Tr1) cells are reported to be IL-10 driven, have strong regulatory activities. Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether Treg and Tr1 cells participate in immunological status against cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood was withdrawn from patients (n=78), and healthy volunteers as controls (n=23). The peripheral blood mononuclear cells were subjected to FACScan analysis after labeling with anti-CD4, -CD25, - Foxp3, -CD49b and -LAG3 antibodies...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
Yoshihiro Miyasaka, Masafumi Nakamura, Go Wakabayashi
Laparoscopic operations have become widespread in the field of digestive surgery, and many surgical procedures are now performed laparoscopically. Although laparoscopic operations have several limitations, such as a two-dimensional view, lack of tactile sensation, requirement for special surgical skills, and the high cost of equipment, their advantages include less postoperative pain, quicker recovery to daily life, and a wide view that enables delicate maneuvers have facilitated spread of this procedure. This article is protected by copyright...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Yoshihiko Maehara, Ken Shirabe, Shunji Kohnoe, Yasunori Emi, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Hideo Baba, Masataka Ikeda, Michiya Kobayashi, Tadatoshi Takayama, Shoji Natsugoe, Masashi Haraguchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Masanori Terashima, Mitsuru Sasako, Hiroki Yamaue, Norihiro Kokudo, Katsuhiko Uesaka, Shinji Uemoto, Tomoo Kosuge, Yoshiki Sawa, Mitsuo Shimada, Yuichiro Doki, Masakazu Yamamoto, Akinobu Taketomi, Masahiro Takeuchi, Kouhei Akazawa, Takeharu Yamanaka, Mototsugu Shimokawa
In the original publication, the article category was published as "Review Article". The correct category should read as "Original Article".
September 27, 2017: Surgery Today
Mads Israelsen, Aleksander Krag, Andrew S Allegretti, Manol Jovani, Alison H Goldin, Rachel W Winter, Lise Lotte Gluud
BACKGROUND: Hepatorenal syndrome is defined as severe renal failure occurring in people with cirrhosis and ascites. Systematic reviews of randomised clinical trials found that, compared with placebo, terlipressin may reduce mortality and improve renal function in people with hepatorenal syndrome, but we need current evidence from systematic reviews on the benefits and harms of terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs for people with hepatorenal syndrome...
September 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Janus C Jakobsen, Emil Eik Nielsen, Joshua Feinberg, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Kristina Fobian, Goran Hauser, Goran Poropat, Snezana Djurisic, Karl Heinz Weiss, Milica Bjelakovic, Goran Bjelakovic, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jian Ping Liu, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Ronald L Koretz, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Millions of people worldwide suffer from hepatitis C, which can lead to severe liver disease, liver cancer, and death. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), e.g. sofosbuvir, are relatively new and expensive interventions for chronic hepatitis C, and preliminary results suggest that DAAs may eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) from the blood (sustained virological response). Sustained virological response (SVR) is used by investigators and regulatory agencies as a surrogate outcome for morbidity and mortality, based solely on observational evidence...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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