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Pediatric paramedic

Mark Xavier Cicero, Travis Whitfill, Frank Overly, Janette Baird, Barbara Walsh, Jorge Yarzebski, Antonio Riera, Kathleen Adelgais, Garth D Meckler, Carl Baum, David Christopher Cone, Marc Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: Paramedics and emergency medical technicians (EMTs) triage pediatric disaster victims infrequently. The objective of this study was to measure the effect of a multiple-patient, multiple-simulation curriculum on accuracy of pediatric disaster triage (PDT). METHODS: Paramedics, paramedic students, and EMTs from three sites were enrolled. Triage accuracy was measured three times (Time 0, Time 1 [two weeks later], and Time 2 [6 months later]) during a disaster simulation, in which high and low fidelity manikins and actors portrayed 10 victims...
October 17, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Todd Chassee, Diann Reischmann, Michael Mancera, John D Hoyle
BACKGROUND: Prehospital pediatric drug dosing errors affect 56,000 U.S. children annually. An accurate weight is the first step in accurate dosing. To date, the accuracy of Emergency Medical Dispatcher (EMD) obtained weights has not been evaluated. We hypothesized that EMD could obtain accurate pediatric weights. METHODS: We used a convenience sample of patients 12 years and younger that were transported by EMS to one children's hospital. EMD obtained patient weight (DW) from the 9-1-1 caller...
September 30, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Nik Hisamuddin Rahman, Ruslan Rainis, Syed Hatim Noor, Sharifah Mastura Syed Mohamad
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study is to utilize the geographical information system (GIS) software and perform the spatial analysis in relation to clinical data for road traffic injury (RTI) pediatric cases attending the emergency department. METHODS: The study sample included pediatric patients (age less than 18 years) with road-related injuries within a district in Malaysia who attended emergency departments of two tertiary hospitals within the district. In addition to injury, pre-hospital care and outcome data, the coordinate of the locations were obtained by the ambulance paramedics by using portable handheld GPS unit brand Garmin(®) model GPS 72 H...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey M Singh, Anna C Gunz, Sonny Dhanani, Mahvareh Aghari, Russell D MacDonald
OBJECTIVES: Transport of pediatric patients is common due to healthcare regionalization. We set out to determine the frequency of in-transit critical events during pediatric critical care transport and identify factors associated with these events. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using administrative and clinical data. SETTING: Single pediatric critical care transport provider in Ontario, Canada. PATIENTS: All pediatric care transports between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2010...
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Yuval Bitterman, Avi Benov, Elon Glassberg, Alexandra Satanovsky, Tarif Bader, Ram Sagi
BACKGROUND: This article summarizes the experience with Role 1 care for 135 Syrian children who received medical care during the year 2013 as part of an ongoing humanitarian effort. METHODS: The database included demographic information, point-of-injury assessment and outcome, and was analyzed using SPSS. RESULTS: Trauma casualties were the majority of the group (84 cases), and mostly male. Almost one-third of casualties arrived more than 6 hours after injury, and time of injury was unknown in another third...
August 2016: Military Medicine
E Merlin, A Chausset, M Verdan, B Cambon, C Sarret, J Kanold, J Chazal, A Labbé
AIM: To assess a new behavioral teaching technique called "focus group pedagogy" (FGP), which consists in a three-step meeting between sick children's parents and medical students (first with students alone, then with parents and students together, then with students alone). METHODS: This qualitative research ran two sessions (each totaling four to six parents and six students) in which parents were questioned on four main themes: their knowledge of the medical hierarchy, their ability to identify the people in the hospital, their communication with medical staff, and the overall care delivered to their children...
August 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Matthew Hansen, Garth Meckler, Kerth OʼBrien, Phillip Engle, Caitlin Dickinson, Kathryn Dickinson, Jonathan Jui, William Lambert, Erika Cottrell, Jeanne-Marie Guise
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine what aspects of prehospital pediatric airway management may contribute to patient safety events. METHODS: We conducted a 3-phase Delphi survey in prehospital professionals across the United States to identify potential contributors to patient safety events. Respondents ranked how likely factors were to contribute on a 9-point Likert-type scale and were allowed to elaborate through open-ended questions. Analysis was conducted using a mixed-methods approach, including Likert-type responses and open-ended questions which were analyzed for specific themes...
September 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Eric V Ernest, Tom B Brazelton, Elliot D Carhart, Jonathan R Studnek, Patricia L Tritt, Genghis A Philip, Aaron M Burnett
UNLABELLED: Introduction Traditionally, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) educators have divided the pediatric population into age groups to assist in targeting their clinical and didactic curriculum. Currently, the accrediting body for paramedic training programs requires student exposure to pediatric patients based entirely on age without specifying exposure to specific pathologies within each age stratification. Identifying which pathologies are most common within the different pediatric age groups would allow educators to design curriculum targeting the most prevalent pathologies in each age group and incorporating the physiologic and psychological developmental milestones commonly seen at that age...
August 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Manish I Shah, John M Carey, Sarah E Rapp, Marina Masciale, Wendy B Alcanter, Juan A Mondragon, Elizabeth A Camp, Samuel J Prater, Cara B Doughty
BACKGROUND: A simulation-based course, Pediatric Simulation Training for Emergency Prehospital Providers (PediSTEPPs), was developed to optimize pediatric prehospital care. Seizures are common in Emergency Medical Services (EMS), and no studies have evaluated pediatric outcomes after EMS simulation training. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine if PediSTEPPs enhances seizure protocol adherence in blood glucose measurement and midazolam administration for seizing children...
July 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Hugo Kjellemo, Andreas E Hansen, Dennis A Øines, Thor O Nilsen, Lars Wik
Survival from pediatric cardiac arrest due to trauma has been reported to be 0.0%-8.8%. Some argue that resuscitation efforts in the case of trauma-related cardiac arrests are futile. We describe a successful outcome in the case of a child who suffered cardiac arrest caused by external traumatic airway obstruction. Our case illustrates how to deal with pediatric traumatic cardiac arrests in an out-of-hospital environment. It also illustrates how good clinical treatment in these situations may be supported by correct treatment after hospital admission when it is impossible to ventilate the patient to provide sufficient oxygen delivery to vital organs...
May 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Lara D Rappaport, Lina Brou, Tim Givens, Maria Mandt, Ashley Balakas, Kelley Roswell, Jason Kotas, Kathleen M Adelgais
BACKGROUND: The use of a length/weight-based tape (LBT) for equipment size and drug dosing for pediatric patients is recommended in a joint statement by multiple national organizations. A new system, known as Handtevy™, allows for rapid determination of critical drug doses without performing calculations. OBJECTIVE: To compare two LBT systems for dosing errors and time to medication administration in simulated prehospital scenarios. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized trial comparing the Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape™ (Broselow) and Handtevy LBT™ (Handtevy)...
July 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Matthew Hansen, Garth Meckler, William Lambert, Caitlin Dickinson, Kathryn Dickinson, Jeanne-Marie Guise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Beech Burns, Matthew L Hansen, Stacy Valenzuela, Caitlin Summers, Joshua Van Otterloo, Barbara Skarica, Craig Warden, Jeanne-Marie Guise
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 25.5 million pediatric patients are treated in Emergency Departments around the United States annually. Roughly 7% of these patients are transported by ambulance; of these, approximately 7% arrive in ambulances running red lights and sirens (RLS). Compared to those transporting without RLS, emergency vehicles employing RLS are involved in more accidents and are associated with more fatalities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the use of RLS in pediatric transports and identify factors associated with unnecessary use of RLS...
May 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
S Pillet, P Berthelot, A Gagneux-Brunon, O Mory, C Gay, A Viallon, F Lucht, B Pozzetto, E Botelho-Nevers
Mobile phones (MPs) are potential reservoirs of nosocomial bacteria, but few data are available concerning viruses. We aimed to evaluate the presence of virus RNA from epidemic viruses including metapneumovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza viruses, rotavirus (RV) and norovirus on the MPs used by healthcare workers (HCWs) and to relate it to hygiene measures. An anonymous behavioural questionnaire about MP use at hospital was administered to the HCWs of four adult and paediatric departments of a university hospital...
May 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Lukasz Czyzewski, Tomasz Gaszynski, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital tracheal intubation by paramedics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children is challenging. The potential role of new intubation devices during CPR is unclear. Our objective was to assess the impact of CPR (with and without chest compressions [CCs]) on the success and time to intubation (TTI) with the Macintosh laryngoscope vs the McGrath video laryngoscope on a pediatric manikin. METHODS: This was an open, prospective, randomized, crossover, manikin trial involving 95 paramedics who performed intubations in a PediaSIM pediatric high-fidelity manikin with Macintosh and McGrath laryngoscopes, with and without concomitant mechanical CCs...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Timothy M Orr, Daniel L Orr
A 4-year-old 16-kg boy presented for full mouth dental rehabilitation in a private pediatric dental office. The patient had no significant previous medical history. Upon sevoflurane induction by a dentist anesthesiologist, the patient converted from normal sinus rhythm to pulseless ventricular tachycardia. Advanced cardiac life support protocol was initiated. After 2 automatic external defibrillator shocks were delivered in conjunction with epinephrine administration, the patient returned to normal sinus rhythm...
2015: Anesthesia Progress
Matthew E Prekker, Fernanda Delgado, Jenny Shin, Heemun Kwok, Nicholas J Johnson, David Carlbom, Andreas Grabinsky, Thomas V Brogan, Mary A King, Thomas D Rea
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pediatric intubation is a core paramedic skill in some emergency medical services (EMS) systems. The literature lacks a detailed examination of the challenges and subsequent adjustments made by paramedics when intubating children in the out-of-hospital setting. We undertake a descriptive evaluation of the process of out-of-hospital pediatric intubation, focusing on challenges, adjustments, and outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of EMS responses between 2006 and 2012 that involved attempted intubation of children younger than 13 years by paramedics in a large, metropolitan EMS system...
January 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Allen D Stevens, Caleb Hernandez, Seth Jones, Maria E Moreira, Jason R Blumen, Emily Hopkins, Margaret Sande, Katherine Bakes, Jason S Haukoos
BACKGROUND: Medication dosing errors remain commonplace and may result in potentially life-threatening outcomes, particularly for pediatric patients where dosing often requires weight-based calculations. Novel medication delivery systems that may reduce dosing errors resonate with national healthcare priorities. Our goal was to evaluate novel, prefilled medication syringes labeled with color-coded volumes corresponding to the weight-based dosing of the Broselow Tape, compared to conventional medication administration, in simulated prehospital pediatric resuscitation scenarios...
November 2015: Resuscitation
Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Lukasz Czyzewski, Andrzej Kurowski, Lukasz Bogdanski, Piotr Zasko
INTRODUCTION: The main cause of cardiac arrest in pediatric patients is respiratory failure. OBJECTIVE: To test the ability of paramedics to intubate the trachea of a child by means of the standard Macintosh [MAC] laryngoscope vs the Clarus Leviatan fiberoptic stylet (FPS) during 3-airway scenarios. METHODS: This was a randomized crossover manikin study involving 89 paramedics. The participants performed tracheal intubations using the MAC laryngoscope and the Clarus Leviatan FPS in 3 pediatric airway scenarios: scenario A, normal airway without chest compression (CC); scenario B, normal airway with CC; and scenario C, difficult airway with CC...
November 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Paul A Jennings, Bill Lord, Karen Smith
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric pain is a common presenting symptom in the prehospital setting; however, there is a lack of data identifying factors associated with effective pain management in this population. We sought to identify the factors associated with clinically meaningful pain reduction in children. METHODS: An analysis of electronic patient care records of all patients younger than 15 years presenting with pain to the emergency medical service of Victoria, Australia, over a 4-year period (2008-2011)...
November 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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