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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331762/suppression-of-capn4-by-microrna-1271-impedes-the-proliferation-and-invasion-of-colorectal-cancer-cells
#1
Jibin Li, Jian Xu, Xiaofei Yan, Keer Jin, Wenya Li, Rui Zhang
Accumulating evidence has suggested that calpain small subunit 1 (Capn4) plays an important role in the development and progression of malignant tumors. However, little is known about the role of Capn4 in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of Capn4 in CRC and the regulation of Capn4 by microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we found that Capn4 expression was highly up-regulated in CRC cell lines. Knockdown of Capn4 by siRNA significantly inhibited the proliferation and invasion of CRC cell lines...
January 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330322/cutting-edge-piezo1-mechanosensors-optimize-human-t-cell-activation
#2
Chinky Shiu Chen Liu, Deblina Raychaudhuri, Barnali Paul, Yogaditya Chakrabarty, Amrit Raj Ghosh, Oindrila Rahaman, Arindam Talukdar, Dipyaman Ganguly
TCRs recognize peptides on MHC molecules and induce downstream signaling, leading to activation and clonal expansion. In addition to the strength of the interaction of TCRs with peptides on MHC molecules, mechanical forces contribute to optimal T cell activation, as reflected by the superior efficiency of immobilized TCR-cross-linking Abs compared with soluble Abs in TCR triggering, although a dedicated mechanotransduction module is not identified. We found that the professional mechanosensor protein Piezo1 is critically involved in human T cell activation...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319007/calpain-inhibition-improves-erectile-function-in-diabetic-mice-via-upregulating-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-expression-and-reducing-apoptosis
#3
Hao Li, Li-Ping Chen, Tao Wang, Shao-Gang Wang, Ji-Hong Liu
Calpain activation contributes to hyperglycemia-induced endothelial dysfunction and apoptosis. This study was designed to investigate the role of calpain inhibition in improving diabetic erectile dysfunction (ED) in mice. Thirty-eight-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were divided into three groups: (1) nondiabetic control group, (2) diabetic mice + vehicle group, and (3) diabetic mice + MDL28170 (an inhibitor of calpain) group. Type 1 diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin at 60 mg kg-1 body weight for 5 consecutive days...
January 9, 2018: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312873/left-ventricular-deformation-abnormalities-in-a-patient-with-calpainopathy-a-case-from-the-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-magyar-path-study
#4
Attila Nemes, Lívia Dézsi, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Tamás Forster, László Vécsei
Calpainopathy or limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) is the most common type of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies. The disease is caused by mutations in the CAPN3 gene encoding calpain, a protein involved in muscle membrane remodeling and repair. This paper gives an overview of the genetic background, clinical course, and diagnosis of the disease, and presents the first case of calpainopathy in which cardiac deformation mechanics was investigated. Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) demonstrated reduced left ventricular (LV) strains and increased LV apical rotation and twist, suggestive of asymptomatic subclinical LV dysfunction...
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300955/evolution-of-proteolytic-indicators-during-storage-of-broiler-wooden-breast-meat
#5
F Soglia, Z Zeng, J Gao, E Puolanne, C Cavani, M Petracci, P Ertbjerg
In the past few yr, an emerging muscle abnormality termed wooden breast (WB) was found to affect broilers' Pectoralis major muscles. Although different studies have been performed in order to evaluate the effect of WB on meat quality, there is no evidence concerning its impact on the proteolytic processes taking place during meat aging. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the effect of a 7-day storage of broiler breast fillets on free calcium concentration, calpain activity, and proteolysis. Both the superficial and the deep layers of the Pectoralis major muscles were considered...
December 29, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298502/cell-protection-from-ca2-overloading-by-bioactive-molecules-extracted-from-olive-pomace
#6
Monica Averna, Alessandro A Casazza, Antonino Martines, Marco Pedrazzi, Alice Franchi, Roberta De Tullio, Patrizia Perego, Edon Melloni
We are reporting in the present study that molecules extracted from olive pomace prevent cell death induced by Ca2+-overloading in different cell types. Exposure of cells to these molecules counteracts the Ca2+-induced cell damages by reducing the activation of the Ca2+-dependent protease calpain, acting possibly through the modification of the permeability to Ca2+ of the plasma membrane. The purification step by RP-HPLC suggests that effective compound(s), differing from the main biophenols known to be present in the olive pomace extract, could be responsible for this effect...
January 4, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289695/calpain-and-jnk-pathways-participate-in-isoflurane-induced-nucleus-translocation-of-apoptosis-inducing-factor-in-the-brain-of-neonatal-rats
#7
Xue Han, Chuiliang Liu, Kun Zhang, Mingyan Guo, Zhiwen Shen, Yafang Liu, Zhiyi ZuoDeg, Minghui Cao, Yujuan Li
Recent studies have demonstrated that volatile anesthetic causes caspase-dependent neuroapoptosis and persistent cognitive deficits in young animals. Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) can trigger apoptosis by caspase-independent pathway. Whether isoflurane induces neuroapoptosis by activation of AIF and its possible mechanism are underdetermined. Rats at postnatal day 7 were exposed to 1.1% isoflurane for 4 h and the expression of AIF, cytochrome c, caspase-3, μ-calpain, m-calpain, Bcl-2 and Bax in the mitochondrial, cytosolic, and nuclear fraction, as well as the number of both AIF and TUNEL positive neurons in the cortices of rats were measured...
December 28, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288771/s-allyl-cysteine-regulates-the-tnf%C3%AE-induced-muscle-wasting-by-suppressing-proteolysis-and-regulating-the-inflammatory-molecules-in-skeletal-muscle-myotubes
#8
Vikas Dutt, Vikram Saini, Prachi Gupta, Nirmaljeet Kaur, Manju Bala, Ravindra Gujar, Anita Grewal, Sanjeev Gupta, Anita Dua, Ashwani Mittal
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of inflammatory molecules are the key players in muscle wasting/atrophy leading to human morbidity. TNFα is a well-known pro-inflammatory cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of muscle wasting under diverse clinical settings. S-allyl cysteine (SAC), an active component of garlic (Allium sativum), has established anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in various cell types. However, the impact of SAC on skeletal muscle pathology remains unexplored. Owing to the known anti-inflammatory properties of SAC, we investigate whether pre-treatment with SAC has a protective role in TNFα induced atrophy in cultured myotubes...
December 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287433/changes-in-calpain-activity-protein-degradation-and-microstructure-of-beef-m-semitendinosus-by-the-application-of-ultrasound
#9
Anran Wang, Dacheng Kang, Wangang Zhang, Chaoyang Zhang, Yunhe Zou, Guanghong Zhou
In this investigation, samples were treated by ultrasonic probe (20 kHz) at an intensity of 25 W cm-2 for 20 or 40 min, followed by aging at 4 °C for 1, 3 and 7 d. Ultrasound treatment significantly increased myofibrillar fragmentation index (MFI) and decreased Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) at 3 and 7 d of postmortem aging (P < .05). Ultrasound-treated samples showed significantly greater intensities of autolyzed 76 kDa subunits and the lower intensity of intact 80 kDa form compared to control at 1 d of storage (P < ...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280431/identification-and-functional-validation-of-a-biomarker-for-the-diagnosis-of-miltefosine-relapse-during-visceral-leishmaniasis
#10
Puja Tiwary, Dinesh Kumar, Shyam Sundar
Miltefosine is the only orally administrable drug for the treatment of leishmaniasis. But in recent years, a decline in its efficacy points toward the emergence of resistance to this drug. Knowledge of biomarkers for miltefosine resistance may be beneficial for proper selection of treatment regimen. Splenic aspirates were collected and parasites cultured from patients relapsed after initial cure (N = 15) and successfully treated (N = 15) with miltefosine. Differential expression of genes in miltefosine-resistant strains was examined by DNA microarray and validated by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275611/-study-on-changes-of-calpain-and-myocardial-damage-in-rats-with-burn-blast-combined-injury
#11
F Xie, J K Chai, Q Hu, Y H Yu, H F Zhai, H Y Chou, S S Kang
Objective: To study myocardial damage and rules of calpain change in rats with burn-blast combined injury. Methods: One hundred and twenty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, burn group, blast group, burn-blast group, with 32 rats in each group. CONTROL GROUP: 37 degrees' warm water for 12 s; Burn group: 94 degrees' boiling water for 12 s; Blast group: 5 g cyclonite explode in 75 cm distance from left chest wall of rat; Burn-blast group: burn group and blast group combined modeling method...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274473/tyro3-mediated-phosphorylation-of-actn4-at-tyrosines-is-fak-dependent-and-decreases-susceptibility-to-cleavage-by-m-calpain
#12
Hanshuang Shao, Anna Wang, Douglas Lauffenburger, Alan Wells
Tyro3, a member of TAM receptor tyrosine kinase family, has been implicated in the regulation of melanoma progression and survival. In this study, we sought the molecular mechanism of Tyro3 effects avoiding endogenous background by overexpression of Tyro3 in fibroblasts that have negligible levels of Tyro3. This introduction triggers the tyrosyl-phosphorylation of ACTN4, a member of actin binding protein family involved in motility, a behavior critical for invasive progression, as shown by siRNA to Tyro3 limiting melanoma cell migration and invasion...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261652/proteolytic-systems-expression-during-myogenesis-and-transcriptional-regulation-by-amino-acids-in-gilthead-sea-bream-cultured-muscle-cells
#13
Emilio J Vélez, Sheida Azizi, Dorothy Verheyden, Cristina Salmerón, Esmail Lutfi, Albert Sánchez-Moya, Isabel Navarro, Joaquim Gutiérrez, Encarnación Capilla
Proteolytic systems exert an important role in vertebrate muscle controlling protein turnover, recycling of amino acids (AA) or its use for energy production, as well as other functions like myogenesis. In fish, proteolytic systems are crucial for the relatively high muscle somatic index they possess, and because protein is the most important dietary component. Thus in this study, the molecular profile of proteolytic markers (calpains, cathepsins and ubiquitin-proteasome system (UbP) members) were analyzed during gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) myogenesis in vitro and under different AA treatments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258546/hippocampal-calpain-is-required-for-the-consolidation-and-reconsolidation-but-not-extinction-of-contextual-fear-memory
#14
Taikai Nagayoshi, Kiichiro Isoda, Nori Mamiya, Satoshi Kida
Memory consolidation, reconsolidation, and extinction have been shown to share similar molecular signatures, including new gene expression. Calpain is a Ca2+-dependent protease that exerts its effects through the proteolytic cleavage of target proteins. Neuron-specific conditional deletions of calpain 1 and 2 impair long-term potentiation in the hippocampus and spatial learning. Moreover, recent studies have suggested distinct roles of calpain 1 and 2 in synaptic plasticity. However, the role of hippocampal calpain in memory processes, especially memory consolidation, reconsolidation, and extinction, is still unclear...
December 19, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250143/molecular-mechanisms-underlying-the-%C3%AE-tomatine-directed-apoptosis-in-human-malignant-glioblastoma-cell-lines-a172-and-u-118-mg
#15
Fa-Zhao Wang, Xue-Liang Dai, Hong-Yi Liu
In the present study, the molecular mechanisms involved in the α-tomatine-induced apoptosis in human glioblastoma cell lines A172 and U-118 MG were investigated. Wright staining and ApopTag assays were conducted to confirm the apoptosis induced by α-tomatine treatment. Fura-2 assay determined an enhancement in free Ca2+ intracellularly, indicating the occurrence of Ca2+-dependent apoptosis induction. Western blot experiments were also performed to predict the apoptosis by measuring the changes in the Bax:Bcl-2 ratio...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250115/thrombin-induced-calpain-activation-promotes-protease-activated-receptor-1-internalization
#16
Alejandro Alvarez-Arce, Irene Lee-Rivera, Edith López, Arturo Hernández-Cruz, Ana María López-Colomé
The serine protease thrombin activates Protease-Activated Receptors (PARs), a family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by the proteolytic cleavage of their extracellular N-terminal domain. Four members of this family have been identified: PAR1-4. The activation of Protease-Activated Receptor 1(PAR1), the prototype of this receptor family, leads to an increase in intracellular Ca+2 concentration ([Ca+2]i) mediated by Gq11α coupling and phospholipase C (PLC) activation. We have previously shown that the stimulation of PAR1 by thrombin promotes intracellular signaling leading to RPE cell transformation, proliferation, and migration which characterize fibroproliferative eye diseases leading to blindness...
2017: International Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249590/neuroprotective-effects-of-oxytocin-hormone-after-an-experimental-stroke-model-and-the-possible-role-of-calpain-1
#17
Sepideh Etehadi Moghadam, Abolfazl Azami Tameh, Zeinab Vahidinia, Mohammad Ali Atlasi, Hassan Hassani Bafrani, Homayoun Naderian
BACKGROUND: Different mechanisms will be activated during ischemic stroke. Calpain proteases play a pivotal role in neuronal death after ischemia damage through apoptosis. Anti-apoptotic activities of the oxytocin (OT) in different ischemic tissues were reported in previous studies. Recently, a limited number of studies have noted the protective effects of OT in the brain. In the present study, the neuroprotective potential of OT in an animal model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and the possible role of calpain-1 in the penumbra region were assessed...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246646/the-dialkyl-resorcinol-stemphol-disrupts-calcium-homeostasis-to-trigger-programmed-immunogenic-necrosis-in-cancer
#18
Seungwon Ji, Jin-Young Lee, Jan Schrör, Aloran Mazumder, Dong Man Jang, Sébastien Chateauvieux, Michael Schnekenburger, Che Ry Hong, Christo Christov, Hyoung Jin Kang, Youngjo Lee, Byung Woo Han, Kyu-Won Kim, Hee-Young Shin, Mario Dicato, Claudia Cerella, Gabriele M König, Barbora Orlikova, Marc Diederich
Stemphol (STP) is a novel druggable phytotoxin triggering mixed apoptotic and non-apoptotic necrotic-like cell death in human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Use of several chemical inhibitors highlighted that STP-induced non-canonical programmed cell death was Ca2+-dependent but independent of caspases, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, cathepsin, or calpains. Similar to thapsigargin, STP led to increased cytosolic Ca2+ levels and computational docking confirmed binding of STP within the thapsigargin binding pocket of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA)...
December 12, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241457/impaired-regeneration-in-calpain-3-null-muscle-is-associated-with-perturbations-in-mtorc1-signaling-and-defective-mitochondrial-biogenesis
#19
Mehmet E Yalvac, Jakkrit Amornvit, Cilwyn Braganza, Lei Chen, Syed-Rehan A Hussain, Kimberly M Shontz, Chrystal L Montgomery, Kevin M Flanigan, Sarah Lewis, Zarife Sahenk
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) have suggested that calpain-3 (CAPN3) mutations result in aberrant regeneration in muscle. METHODS: To gain insight into pathogenesis of aberrant muscle regeneration in LGMD2A, we used a paradigm of cardiotoxin (CTX)-induced cycles of muscle necrosis and regeneration in the CAPN3-KO mice to simulate the early features of the dystrophic process in LGMD2A. The temporal evolution of the regeneration process was followed by assessing the oxidative state, size, and the number of metabolic fiber types at 4 and 12 weeks after last CTX injection...
December 14, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231810/shigella-entry-unveils-a-calcium-calpain-dependent-mechanism-for-inhibiting-sumoylation
#20
Pierre Lapaquette, Sabrina Fritah, Nouara Lhocine, Alexandra Andrieux, Giulia Nigro, Joëlle Mounier, Philippe Sansonetti, Anne Dejean
Disruption of the sumoylation/desumoylation equilibrium is associated with several disease states such as cancer and infections, however the mechanisms regulating the global SUMO balance remain poorly defined. Here, we show that infection by Shigella flexneri, the causative agent of human bacillary dysentery, switches off host sumoylation during epithelial cell infection in vitro and in vivo and that this effect is mainly mediated by a calcium/calpain-induced cleavage of the SUMO E1 enzyme SAE2, thus leading to sumoylation inhibition...
December 12, 2017: ELife
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