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Drug abuse in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931135/rescuing-israeli-travellers-effects-of-substance-abuse-mental-health-geographic-region-of-rescue-gender-and-age-of-rescuees
#1
Hagit Bonny-Noach, Moran Sagiv-Alayoff
Background: Research conducted on young Israeli travellers has pointed to high substance usage rates. For some drug-using backpackers, actual extraction and rescue from their trip abroad is necessary. This study represents a first attempt to explore the influence of geographic region in which rescue occurs, cause for rescue and gender and age differences among Israeli rescuees. Methods: Sub-analysis of all logs of individual rescuees during a 5-year period from 2011 to 2016 ( N  = 86) included 66 men and 20 women, with an average age of 27...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923034/an-implementation-science-protocol-of-the-women-s-health-coop-in-healthcare-settings-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-stepped-wedge-design
#2
Wendee M Wechsberg, Jacqueline W Ndirangu, Ilene S Speizer, William A Zule, Winnifred Gumula, Courtney Peasant, Felicia A Browne, Laura Dunlap
BACKGROUND: HIV persists as a public health emergency in South Africa, especially among women of childbearing age. In response to the HIV epidemic, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has put forth the 90-90-90 global goals to achieve an AIDS-free generation by 2020. This goal aspires to have 90% of people living with HIV diagnosed; 90% of those who test positive on sustained antiretroviral therapy (ART); and 90% of those on ART be virally suppressed. Ensuring access to ART is an important first step in reducing HIV incidence, especially among vulnerable populations such as women who use substances and bear the burden of HIV in South Africa...
September 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915868/the-cedar-project-using-indigenous-specific-determinants-of-health-to-predict-substance-use-among-young-pregnant-involved-aboriginal-women
#3
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal
BACKGROUND: Indigenous women in Canada have been hyper-visible in research, policy and intervention related to substance use during pregnancy; however, little is known about how the social determinants of health and substance use prior to, during, and after pregnancy intersect. The objectives of this study were to describe the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use substances and to explore if an Indigenous-Specific Determinants of Health Model can predict substance use among this population...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910830/consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology-update-2017
#4
C Hiemke, N Bergemann, H W Clement, A Conca, J Deckert, K Domschke, G Eckermann, K Egberts, M Gerlach, C Greiner, G Gründer, E Haen, U Havemann-Reinecke, G Hefner, R Helmer, G Janssen, E Jaquenoud, G Laux, T Messer, R Mössner, M J Müller, M Paulzen, B Pfuhlmann, P Riederer, A Saria, B Schoppek, G Schoretsanitis, M Schwarz, M Silva Gracia, B Stegmann, W Steimer, J C Stingl, M Uhr, S Ulrich, S Unterecker, R Waschgler, G Zernig, G Zurek, P Baumann
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is the quantification and interpretation of drug concentrations in blood to optimize pharmacotherapy. It considers the interindividual variability of pharmacokinetics and thus enables personalized pharmacotherapy. In psychiatry and neurology, patient populations that may particularly benefit from TDM are children and adolescents, pregnant women, elderly patients, individuals with intellectual disabilities, patients with substance abuse disorders, forensic psychiatric patients or patients with known or suspected pharmacokinetic abnormalities...
September 14, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#5
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857643/opioid-prescribing-in-rural-family-practices-a-qualitative-study
#6
Ivy A Click, Jeri Ann Basden, Joy M Bohannon, Heather Anderson, Fred Tudiver
BACKGROUND: Rural Tennessee, especially rural East Tennessee has seen a dramatic increase in rates of controlled drug prescriptions and controlled drug overdose deaths in recent years. However, little is known about the individual decisions to prescribe or continue prescriptions with relation to addiction concerns. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to learn more about what factors lead to physicians' prescribing control drugs for non-cancer pain through the use of focus groups...
August 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852634/association-between-tooth-loss-and-opium-addiction-results-of-a-community-based-study-on-5900-adult-individuals-in-south-east-of-iran-in-2015
#7
Tayebeh Malek Mohammadi, Naimeh Hasheminejad, Hamid Reza Salari, Mohammad Reza Rostamizadeh, Hamid Najafipour
BACKGROUND: Like any other drug abuse, opium use is known to have detrimental effects on oral health. Oral hygiene neglect in opium users can lead to tooth loss resulting in further functional, esthetic, and dieting problems. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the association between tooth loss and opium addiction in a large-scale population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was part of an extensive study related to the risk factors of cardiovascular disease and conducted by the center for physiological research during 2012-2015 in Kerman...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843731/ethanol-induced-autonomic-responses-and-risk-taking-increase-in-young-adults-with-a-positive-family-history-of-alcohol-problems
#8
Florencia Caneto, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi, Angelina Pilatti
The mechanisms that underlie the greater prevalence of alcohol use disorders in individuals with a positive family history (FH+) of alcohol abuse are still under investigation. These subjects may exhibit differential sensitivity to alcohol's effects on psychomotor stimulation and impulsivity. Alcohol-induced psychomotor stimulation, measured as the heart rate (HR) response, is a proxy for the positive rewarding effects of the drug. We analyzed alcohol-induced effects on time perception (Time Production Task), risk taking (Balloon Analogue Risk Task [BART]), and HR in FH+ and FH- participants...
August 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843489/-early-drop-outs-and-retentions-in-substance-abuse-outpatient-clinics-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study-of-factors-that-increase-or-decrease-adherence
#9
Fran Calvo, Xavier Carbonell, Ramón Valero, Jordi Costa, Oriol Turró, Cristina Giralt, Marissa Ramírez
AIM: The aim of this study is to define the risk factors associated with early discharge in out-patients clinics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and observational study. SETTING: Substance abuse clinics in Girona (Catalonia, Spain). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 264 individuals were included in the sample, and 34.8% of them abandoned the process within two months of starting the therapy (n=92). PROCEDURE: Clinical and socio-demographic variables of the clinical history were compared between participants with/without adherence...
August 23, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838011/-bio-psycho-social-characteristics-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-methamphetamine-dependent-women-gender-specific-results-of-a-systematic-literature-search
#10
Stefanie Neumann, Michael Soyka, Andreas G Franke
Subject Compared to other illicit drugs Methamphetamine (MethA) is used more frequently by women than by men. Assuming the biopsychosocial etiology model, the dependency is based on several factors in which women and men differ significantly. Systematic gender-differentiated knowledge is missing until today. Method Based on a database research (PUBMED) the review examines biological, social and psychological as well as therapeutic aspects in MethA-dependent women. Results MethA-induced cognitive disturbance appear to have severer manifestations in women than in men...
August 24, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833744/examination-of-associations-between-early-life-victimisation-and-alcohol-s-harm-from-others
#11
Lauren M Kaplan, Thomas K Greenfield, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Study aims were to examine: (i) how physical and sexual victimisation in early life are associated with alcohol's harm from others; and (ii) whether respondents' current drinking is a mediator of the association between early life victimisation and alcohol's harm from others among men and women. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from national computer-assisted telephone interviews, using the landline sample (3335 men and 3520 women ages ≥18) from the 2010 US National Alcohol Survey...
August 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832029/poisoning-deaths-in-poland-types-and-frequencies-reported-in-%C3%A5-%C3%A3-d%C3%A5%C2%BA-krak%C3%A3-w-sosnowiec-gda%C3%A5-sk-wroc%C3%A5-aw-and-pozna%C3%A5-during-2009-2013
#12
Anna Krakowiak, Anna Piekarska-Wijatkowska, Katarzyna Kobza-Sindlewska, Anna Rogaczewska, Piotr Politański, Piotr Hydzik, Beata Szkolnicka, Tomasz Kłopotowski, Sebastian Picheta, Barbara Porębska, Andrzej Antończyk, Wojciech Waldman, Jacek Sein Anand, Eryk Matuszkiewicz, Magdalena Łukasik-Głębocka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study has been to assess the characteristics of acute poisoning deaths in Poland over a period of time 2009-2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis was based on the data obtained from the patient records stored in toxicology departments in 6 cities - Łódź, Kraków, Sosnowiec, Gdańsk, Wrocław and Poznań. Toxicological analyses were routinely performed in blood and/or urine. Major toxic substances were classified to one of the following categories: pharmaceuticals, alcohol group poisonings (ethanol and other alcohols), gases, solvents, drugs of abuse, pesticides, metals, mushrooms, others...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825524/the-female-crack-users-higher-rates-of-social-vulnerability-in-brazil
#13
Tais Veronica Cardoso Vernaglia, Tatiana Henrique Leite, Sibele Faller, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Brazilian Crack Group
Female crack users who sought treatment is a hard to find part of the population. We studied socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics of crack users undergoing treatment in psychosocial care centers for alcohol and other drugs in six Brazilian cities. We carried out a cross-sectional study of 816 crack users and collected data with the Addiction Severity Index. Women were more likely to be in vulnerable situations: had worst levels of education, were not receiving money enough to their basic needs; more likely to be HIV positive (10...
August 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819616/maternal-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-in-mexico-a-case-control-study
#14
Emmanuel Angulo-Castro, Luis F Acosta-Alfaro, Alma M Guadron-Llanos, Adrian Canizalez-Román, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Joel Murillo-Llanes
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818242/young-adult-risk-factors-for-cancer-obesity-inflammation-and-sociobehavioral-mechanisms
#15
Yang Claire Yang, Moira P Johnson, Kristen M Schorpp, Courtney E Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
INTRODUCTION: The paper assesses social disparities in the burdens of metabolic and inflammatory risks for cancer in the U.S. young adult population and examines psychosocial and behavioral mechanisms in such disparities. METHODS: Using data of 7,889 individuals aged 12-32 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health from 1994 to 2009, generalized linear models were used to assess the sex, race/ethnicity, and SES differences in the risks of obesity and inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811141/the-pharmacokinetic-profile-of-synthetic-cathinones-in-a-pregnancy-model
#16
Lauren G Strange, Kerri Kochelek, Robert Keasling, Stacy D Brown, Brooks B Pond
In recent years, the abuse of synthetic cathinones or 'bath salts' has become a major public health concern. Although these compounds were initially sold legally and labeled "not for human consumption", the 'bath salts' are psychostimulants, with similar structures and pharmacologic mechanisms to cocaine, the amphetamines, and 3,4 methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Molly, or Ecstasy). The reported use of these substances by women of child-bearing age highlights the necessity of studies seeking to delineate risks of prenatal exposure...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811121/emergency-department-use-in-the-perinatal-period-an-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#17
Saloni Malik, Catherine Kothari, Colleen MacCallum, Michael Liepman, Shama Tareen, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We characterize emergency department (ED) utilization among perinatal women and identify differences in risk factors and outcomes between women who use versus do not use the ED during the perinatal period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study comparing patients who used the ED versus did not use the ED during the perinatal period. Patient data were collected from medical chart review and postpartum interviews. RESULTS: Of the 678 participants, 218 (33%) had at least 1 perinatal ED visit...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777203/a-review-of-alprazolam-use-misuse-and-withdrawal
#18
Nassima Ait-Daoud, Allan Scott Hamby, Sana Sharma, Derek Blevins
: Alprazolam is one of the most widely prescribed benzodiazepines for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder. Its clinical use has been a point of contention as most addiction specialists consider it to be highly addictive, given its unique psychodynamic properties which limit its clinical usefulness, whereas many primary care physicians continue to prescribe it for longer periods than recommended. Clinical research data has not fully shed light on its "abuse liability," yet it is one of the most frequently prescribed benzodiazepines...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774479/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-cancer
#19
Héctor E Alcalá, A Janet Tomiyama, Ondine S von Ehrenstein
OBJECTIVES: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to a variety of diseases in adulthood, including cancer. However, current research has yet to determine if all abuse types are associated with cancer and if women are more adversely impacted by ACEs than men. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a national survey of American adults 18 and older (N = 111,964) were analyzed. Logistic regression models were fit to estimate odds of ever being diagnosed with cancer after experiencing one or more of eight different ACEs, while adjusting for potential confounders...
July 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771091/metabolic-syndrome-among-individuals-with-heroin-use-disorders-on-methadone-therapy-prevalence-characteristics-and-related-factors
#20
Gabriel Vallecillo, María José Robles, Marta Torrens, Pilar Samos, Albert Roquer, Paula K Martires, Arantza Sanvisens, Roberto Muga, Juan Pedro-Botet
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have reported a high prevalence of obesity and diabetes in subjects on methadone therapy; there are, however, limited data about metabolic syndrome. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in individuals with heroin use disorder on methadone therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in individuals with heroin use disorder on methadone therapy at a drug abuse outpatient center...
August 3, 2017: Substance Abuse
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