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Drug abuse in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648845/substance-abuse-and-gender-differences-in-first-episode-psychosis-impact-on-hospital-readmissions
#1
Josep M Crosas, Jesus Cobo, Maribel Ahuir, Carla Hernández, Rebeca García, Esther Pousa, Joan-Carles Oliva, José-Antonio Monreal, Diego J Palao
INTRODUCTION: There have been controversial results in the study of gender differences in first episode psychosis (FEP). Substance abuse is the main existing comorbidity in FEP, and has been associated with worse prognosis and greater symptom severity. OBJECTIVES: To explore gender differences in FEP in relation to drug abuse, and their relationship with hospital readmissions. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and prospective study (18 months). RESULTS: We included 141 patients (31...
June 22, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625145/clomiphene-for-the-treatment-of-male-infertility-a-case-report-of-mood-change
#2
Marine Aussedat, Jennifer Jean-Louis, Orchidée Djahangirian, Marie-Sophie Brochet
BACKGROUND: Clomiphene is normally used in women with ovulatory dysfunction. In men, it is used off label in some cases of infertility. Psychological adverse effects are reported in women but very few in men. CASE: A 34 year-old man treated with clomiphene for oligoteratospermia presented anxiety, decreased appetite, and depressed mood making him unable to function properly at work, five days after initiation of therapy. Symptoms required reduction followed by discontinuation of treatment four days later because of absence of improvement...
June 15, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623765/is-there-a-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-problem-drinking-behaviors-findings-from-a-population-based-sample
#3
Lin Fang, Sandra McNeil
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the relationships between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and heavy and binge drinking, stratified by gender. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were retrieved from 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Over 39,000 individuals from five states were included in the study. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the weighted data to determine factors associated with heavy and binge drinking for men and women...
June 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619859/criminal-charges-for-child-harm-from-substance-use-in-pregnancy
#4
Cara Angelotta, Paul S Appelbaum
Despite the opposition of medical and public health professionals, several state legislatures are considering laws that permit child abuse charges for substance use during pregnancy. We reviewed legal decisions regarding women charged with a crime against a fetus or child as a result of substance use during pregnancy. We identified 24 judicial opinions published between 1977 and 2015 in cases involving 29 women prosecuted in 19 states. Charges included child endangerment, child abuse, drug delivery, attempted aggravated child abuse, chemical endangerment of a child, child neglect, child mistreatment, homicide, manslaughter, and reckless injury to a child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615948/marijuana-use-recent-marijuana-initiation-and-progression-to-marijuana-use-disorder-among-young-male-and-female-adolescents-aged-12-14-living-in-us-households
#5
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Cristie Glasheen, Kathryn R Batts
Marijuana initiation during adolescence, and early adolescence in particular, is associated with adverse health consequences. Our study used 2005-2014 data from the annual, cross-sectional National Survey on Drug Use and Health to study the prevalence and correlates of marijuana initiation, use, and marijuana use disorder (MUD; abuse or dependence) among 12- to 14-year olds living in civilian US households (n = 84 954). Examined correlates included age, sex, race/ethnicity, poverty status, metropolitan status, year of survey, depression, tobacco use, alcohol use, and fighting at school...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607565/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-relationship-with-demographic-factors-biochemical-and-anthropometric-indicators-a-population-based-study
#6
Mohammad Khajedaluee, Tahereh Hassannia, Abdolrahim Rezaee, Maryam Ziadi, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health challenge worldwide. The prevalence of HTN varies across countries. It is necessary to obtain valid information about the prevalence of chronic condition like HTN and its predictors in different societies. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HTN and associated factors in Mashhad, Iran, 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 2974 adults residing in Mashhad in 2015...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600929/detrimental-effects-of-self-administered-methamphetamine-during-pregnancy-on-offspring-development-in-the-rat
#7
Daniela Rüedi-Bettschen, Donna M Platt
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse by pregnant women is a commonly observed phenomenon. While the harmful effects of METH are well described for adults, there is only limited knowledge of the effects of METH use during pregnancy on the developing child. In the present study, we investigated how intraveneous (iv) METH self-administration throughout pregnancy affected rat dams and their offspring through weaning, compared to controls. METHODS: Female rats (n=16) were trained to self-administer METH iv; every drug infusion by a dam also resulted in a saline injection to a yoked control (n=16)...
June 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595576/perceptions-of-quality-across-the-maternal-care-continuum-in-the-context-of-a-health-financing-intervention-evidence-from-a-mixed-methods-study-in-rural-malawi
#8
Christabel Kambala, Julia Lohmann, Jacob Mazalale, Stephan Brenner, Malabika Sarker, Adamson S Muula, Manuela De Allegri
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Malawi with its development partners introduced a Results-Based Financing for Maternal and Newborn Health (RBF4MNH) intervention to improve the quality of maternal and newborn health-care services. Financial incentives are awarded to health facilities conditional on their performance and to women for delivering in the health facility. We assessed the effect of the RBF4MNH on quality of care from women's perspectives. METHODS: We used a mixed-method prospective sequential controlled pre- and post-test design...
June 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595490/the-protective-effect-of-pregnancy-on-risk-for-drug-abuse-a-population-co-relative-co-spouse-and-within-individual-analysis
#9
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Dace S Svikis, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine whether pregnancy is an intrinsic motivator for cessation of drug abuse. METHOD: The authors conducted prospective cohort, co-relative, co-spouse, and within-person analyses of registration for drug abuse during pregnancy among Swedish women born between 1980 and 1990 who gave birth between ages 20 and 35 (N=149,512). Drug abuse was assessed from medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: In the population, rates of drug abuse were lower during pregnancy (unadjusted odds ratio=0...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580807/adverse-childhood-environment-relationship-with-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-marital-status-in-a-large-american-sample
#10
Kermyt G Anderson
A substantial theoretical and empirical literature suggests that stressful events in childhood influence the timing and patterning of subsequent sexual and reproductive behaviors. Stressful childhood environments have been predicted to produce a life history strategy in which adults are oriented more toward short-term mating behaviors and less toward behaviors consistent with longevity. This article tests the hypothesis that adverse childhood environment will predict adult outcomes in two areas: risky sexual behavior (engagement in sexual risk behavior or having taken an HIV test) and marital status (currently married vs...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570298/the-effect-of-litter-separation-on-methamphetamine-conditioned-place-preference-in-post-partum-dams
#11
Candace R Lewis, Allison N Baker, Paulette Fennig, Phoebe Conrad, Lyndsay Hess, Ryan M Bastle, M Foster Olive
Methamphetamine (METH) abuse among women has recently increased to levels comparable to those observed in men. Although studies using animal models of addiction have begun to include more female subjects, examination of the effects of drugs of abuse on post-partum females is currently lacking. This is especially important in light of the significant hormonal and neurobiological changes that accompany pregnancy and rearing experiences. Furthermore, stress in a known factor in addiction vulnerability and the post-partum experience in the clinical population can be highly stressful...
May 31, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561211/-increasing-consumption-of-crystal-meth-in-saxony-and-its-risks-for-mother-and-child-experiences-at-a-level-i-perinatal-center-from-a-pediatric-viewpoint
#12
Jürgen Dinger, Nicole Näther, Pauline Wimberger, Ulrich S Zimmermann, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Over the past several years, the number of first-time users of methamphetamine considerably increased within the Free State of Saxony. This number also, and especially, includes women of child-bearing age and young mothers. A supportive intervention aimed at reducing the effects of drug abuse should begin in a timely way - during pregnancy at latest, but better before it. To develop an optimal care protocol for both the mother and her child, more knowledge regarding the personal conditions of the women as well as the specific features of later child development after prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) is vital...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558858/adolescents-from-upper-middle-class-communities-substance-misuse-and-addiction-across-early-adulthood
#13
Suniya S Luthar, Phillip J Small, Lucia Ciciolla
In this prospective study of upper middle class youth, we document frequency of alcohol and drug use, as well as diagnoses of abuse and dependence, during early adulthood. Two cohorts were assessed as high school seniors and then annually across 4 college years (New England Study of Suburban Youth younger cohort [NESSY-Y]), and across ages 23-27 (NESSY older cohort [NESSY-O]; ns = 152 and 183 at final assessments, respectively). Across gender and annual assessments, results showed substantial elevations, relative to norms, for frequency of drunkenness and using marijuana, stimulants, and cocaine...
May 31, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558808/gender-differences-in-discharge-dispositions-of-emergency-department-visits-involving-drug-misuse-and-abuse-2004-2011
#14
Jennifer I Manuel, Jane Lee
BACKGROUND: Drug use-related visits to the emergency department (ED) can undermine discharge planning and lead to recurrent use of acute services. Yet, little is known about where patients go post discharge. We explored trends in discharge dispositions of drug-involved ED visits, with a focus on gender differences. METHODS: We extracted data from the 2004-2011 Drug Abuse Warning Network, a national probability sample of drug-related visits to hospital EDs in the U...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558774/gender-based-disparities-in-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-health-findings-from-a-national-study-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#15
Maha Almuneef, Nathalie ElChoueiry, Hassan N Saleheen, Majid Al-Eissa
BACKGROUND: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have been linked to an increased risk of health and social problems throughout life. Studies on gender differences from developing countries are scarce. In this paper, we will examine gender variations in the types of reported ACEs and gender-specific relationships between cumulative ACEs and physical and mental health, and Risky Health Behaviors (RHB) in adulthood in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: A cross sectional national study was conducted in all of the 13 regions in KSA in 2013 using the ACE- International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557506/correction-to-chun-et-al-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "A psychometric investigation of gender differences and common processes across borderline and antisocial personality disorders" by Seokjoon Chun, Alexa Harris, Margely Carrion, Elizabeth Rojas, Stephen Stark, Carl Lejuez, William V. Lechner and Marina A. Bornovalova (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2017[Jan], Vol 126[1], 76-88). In the original record, there were two errors in the article's suppemental material. The supplemental material stated, "In each case, if the relaxed model fit significantly better than the baseline model (i...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553000/psychosocial-stress-course-of-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-the-context-of-the-provision-of-sexual-services
#17
Elisabeth Simoes, Johannes Gostomzyk, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Joachim Graf
Introduction There has been very little medical research into pregnancies which occur in the context of prostitution, even though the associated health risks for mother and child, e.g. violence or maternal drug abuse, are well known. The aim of this study was to compile and summarize what is known (inter-)nationally about this topic and identify key points of support as part of a uniform standard of healthcare in pregnancy. Material and Methods A selective search of the literature was done in Pubmed and Livivo/Medpilot and in the databases NIH, Cochrane, DARE, NHSEED and HTA on the factors influencing preterm delivery...
April 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550519/drug-abuse-associated-mortality-across-the-lifespan-a-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-analysis
#18
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
PURPOSE: Nationwide data have been lacking on drug abuse (DA)-associated mortality. We do not know the degree to which this excess mortality results from the characteristics of drug-abusing individuals or from the effects of DA itself. METHOD: DA was assessed from medical, criminal, and prescribed drug registries. Relative pairs discordant for DA were obtained from the Multi-Generation and Twin Registers. Mortality was obtained from the Swedish Mortality registry...
May 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535758/hiv-prevalence-risky-behaviors-and-discrimination-experiences-among-transgender-women-in-cambodia-descriptive-findings-from-a-national-integrated-biological-and-behavioral-survey
#19
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Srean Chhim, Khuondyla Pal, Phalkun Mun, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Transgender people are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite their high vulnerability to HIV, lack of adequate epidemiological and surveillance data related to this population in many countries prevents provision of appropriate services. This paper summarizes descriptive findings from a national integrated biological and behavioral survey and discusses policy implications of the findings on HIV prevention among transgender women in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2015 and February 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532894/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#20
Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada, Pedro Armario, José María Lobos Bejarano, Juan Pedro-Botet, Fernando Villar Álvarez, Roberto Elosua, Carlos Brotons Cuixart, Olga Cortés, Benilde Serrano, Miguel Camafort Babkowski, Antonio Gil Núñez, Antonio Pérez, Antonio Maiques, Ana de Santiago Nocito, Almudena de Castro, Eduardo Alegría, Ciro Baeza, María Herranz, Susana Sans, Pilar Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
May 2017: Semergen
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