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Drug addiction in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926654/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-ethical-approaches-to-the-identification-of-pregnant-women-who-use-drugs
#1
Mishka Terplan, Howard Minkoff
The United States is experiencing an epidemic of opioid use, addiction, and neonatal abstinence syndrome. Consequentially, a great deal of public, and public health, attention has turned toward the timely recognition of pregnant women who use drugs. We explore the clinical efficacy and ethical acceptability of different methods of identification-contrasting drug testing (using biologic samples such as urine) with screening (using an instrument or questionnaire) under both universal and selective approaches within the current legal and social landscape, which is fraught with potential adverse consequences for both the woman and her child...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#2
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893229/measurement-invariance-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-across-gender-and-racial-groups
#3
Meagan M Carr, Pelin D Catak, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Karen K Saules, Ashley N Gearhardt
Food addiction describes a psychological and behavioral eating pattern that is similar to the experience of those compulsively taking drugs of abuse. Recent developments related to food addiction, including the development and validation of an updated measure (Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0; Gearhardt, Corbin, & Brownell, 2016), have increased knowledge as to the prevalence and associated correlates of food addiction. However, less is known about the phenomenological experience of food addiction in diverse samples or how the existing measure of food addiction performs in heterogeneous samples...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890689/developmental-toxicity-of-nicotine-a-transdisciplinary-synthesis-and-implications-for-emerging-tobacco-products
#4
REVIEW
Lucinda J England, Kjersti Aagaard, Michele Bloch, Kevin Conway, Kelly Cosgrove, Rachel Grana, Thomas J Gould, Dorothy Hatsukami, Frances Jensen, Denise Kandel, Bruce Lanphear, Frances Leslie, James R Pauly, Jenae Neiderhiser, Mark Rubinstein, Theodore A Slotkin, Eliot Spindel, Laura Stroud, Lauren Wakschlag
While the health risks associated with adult cigarette smoking have been well described, effects of nicotine exposure during periods of developmental vulnerability are often overlooked. Using MEDLINE and PubMed literature searches, books, reports and expert opinion, a transdisciplinary group of scientists reviewed human and animal research on the health effects of exposure to nicotine during pregnancy and adolescence. A synthesis of this research supports that nicotine contributes critically to adverse effects of gestational tobacco exposure, including reduced pulmonary function, auditory processing defects, impaired infant cardiorespiratory function, and may contribute to cognitive and behavioral deficits in later life...
November 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870459/sex-differences-in-nicotine-preference
#5
REVIEW
Sakire Pogun, Gorkem Yararbas, Tanseli Nesil, Lutfiye Kanit
Smoking is the major cause of preventable deaths worldwide, and although there is a decline in overall smoking prevalence in developed countries, the decline in women is less pronounced than in men. Women become dependent faster and experience greater difficulties in quitting. Similar trends have been observed in animal models of nicotine/tobacco addiction. Individual differences in vulnerability to drug abuse are also observed in nicotine/tobacco addiction and point to the importance of sex differences. This Review, summarizes findings from three experimental approaches used to depict nicotine preference in animal models, intravenous and oral nicotine self-administration and nicotine-induced conditioned place preference...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861252/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-in-portugal
#6
Mário J Silva, João Valente, Tiago Capela, Pedro Russo, Filipe Calinas
The epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal is insufficiently characterized. We aimed to review the epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal since 1980. A literature review was performed in MEDLINE, Scielo, Web of Science, and the Portuguese Scientific Repository for studies containing 'Hepatitis B' and 'Portugal' published from 1980 to June 2016. The initial search was complemented by abstract books from national gastroenterology and hepatology meetings and reports from the Service for Intervention on Addictive Behaviours and Dependences, the Portuguese Blood Institute, and Directorate-General of Health...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855664/challenges-in-detecting-and-diagnosing-substance-use-in-women-in-the-acute-psychiatric-department-a-naturalistic-cohort-study
#7
Torill Vassli Sallaup, Arne Einar Vaaler, Valentina Cabral Iversen, Ismail Cuneyt Guzey
BACKGROUND: This study examines sex differences in substance use and substance use disorder in the acute psychiatric department, and possible interactions between sex and clinical and social factors associated with this phenomenon. METHODS: Data concerning substance use were collected in a naturalistic cohort study (n = 384, 51.6% male, 48.4% female) in an acute psychiatric department. Recent intake of substances at admission, diagnosis of substance use disorder and demographic and socioeconomic information were recorded...
November 17, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853328/domestic-violence-in-methamphetamine-psychotic-users-psychiatric-inpatients-and-healthy-people-a-comparative-study
#8
Seyed Mohammad Rasoul Khalkhali, Kiomars Najafi, Reza Ahmadi, Azadeh Yousefnezhad, Azam Hamidi, Masoumeh Ellahi, Ali Amiri, Afsar Montakhabi, Maryam Zavarmousavi
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of women. The aim of the present study was to find and compare the frequency of domestic violence between methamphetamine users, patients with psychiatric disorders, and healthy people. METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, methamphetamine users (n=30) and patients with psychiatric disorders (n=30) were women whose husbands were hospitalized during 2014 in Shafa Psychiatric Hospital in Guilan...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852971/-yale-food-addiction-scale-review-of-literature
#9
Éva Erzsébet Magyar, Györgyi Csábi, Tamás Tényi, Dalma Tényi
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a condition presenting with a similar symptomatology to that of drug addiction, with an underlying individual sensitivity and special adaptation to certain foods, being consumed regularly. The concept of food addiction created one of the central issues in addiction research, owing to the pandemic spreading of obesity causing serious public health concerns. Development of an objective, standardized measuring tool of food addiction has become markedly necessary for both research and public health purposes...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822496/estradiol-facilitation-of-cocaine-self-administration-in-female-rats-requires-activation-of-mglur5
#10
Luis A Martinez, Kellie S Gross, Brett T Himmler, Nicole L Emmitt, Brittni M Peterson, Natalie E Zlebnik, M Foster Olive, Marilyn E Carroll, Robert L Meisel, Paul G Mermelstein
In comparison to men, women initiate drug use at earlier ages and progress from initial use to addiction more rapidly. This heightened intake and vulnerability to drugs of abuse is regulated in part by estradiol, although the signaling mechanisms by which this occurs are not well understood. Recent findings indicate that within the nucleus accumbens core, estradiol induces structural plasticity via membrane-localized estrogen receptor α, functionally coupled to metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5)...
September 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813045/-health-medical-and-psychosocial-care-needs-of-older-drug-addicts-40-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
A Wehrwein, G Schröder, J Lindert
Background: We aimed 1) to assess health, health-related quality of life and social care needs of substance-abusing individuals aged 40+ and 2) to investigate associations between health and psychosocial care needs. Methods: We estimated the size of the population by using capture-recapture methods. Based on this sample size estimation, we conducted a cross-sectional survey with socio-demographic data, using standardized instruments including the SF-36 (36 items), a measure of physical disorders (14 items), social support, and psychosocial and health care needs and substance abuse ("European Addiction Severity Index")...
November 3, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792911/towards-greater-understanding-of-addiction-stigma-intersectionality-with-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#12
Magdalena Kulesza, Mauri Matsuda, Jason J Ramirez, Alexandra J Werntz, Bethany A Teachman, Kristen P Lindgren
BACKGROUND: In spite of the significant burden associated with substance use disorders, especially among persons who inject drugs (PWIDs), most affected individuals do not engage with any type of formal or informal treatment. Addiction stigma, which is represented by negative social attitudes toward individuals who use alcohol and/or other drugs, is one of the barriers to care that is poorly understood. The current study: a) assessed implicit (indirect and difficult to consciously control) and explicit (consciously controlled) beliefs about PWIDs among visitors to a public web site; and b) experimentally investigated the effects of ethnicity/race and gender on those implicit and explicit beliefs...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756640/reward-sensitivity-and-food-addiction-in-women
#13
Natalie J Loxton, Renée J Tipman
Sensitivity to the rewarding properties of appetitive substances has long been implicated in excessive consumption of palatable foods and drugs of abuse. Previous research focusing on individual differences in reward responsiveness has found heightened trait reward sensitivity to be associated with binge-eating, hazardous drinking, and illicit substance use. Food addiction has been proposed as an extreme form of compulsive-overeating and has been associated with genetic markers of heightened reward responsiveness...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745531/epidemiology-of-emergency-department-visits-for-anxiety-in-the-united-states-2009-2011
#14
Tyra Dark, Heather A Flynn, George Rust, Heidi Kinsell, Jeffrey S Harman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of anxiety-related emergency department (ED) visits in the United States and assess the care provided during those visits. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey were used to identify all ED visits in which the patient received a primary anxiety diagnosis or declared anxiety as the reason for the visit (N=1,029). Patient characteristics, treatment provided, and dispositions of these nationally representative visits were assessed...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743517/a-unique-opportunity-to-study-short-and-long-term-consequences-in-children-prenatally-exposed-to-illicit-drugs-and-opioid-maintenance-treatment-using-czech-and-scandinavian-registers
#15
Roman Gabrhelík, Blanka Nechanská, Viktor Mravčík, Svetlana Skurtveit, Ingunn Olea Lund, Marte Handal
Licit and illicit drug use in pregnant women constitutes a long lasting and serious problem worldwide. Information on long-term effects of maternal drug use on the child is limited. Nationwide registers provide a great potential to study short and long-term consequences for children exposed to licit and illicit drugs during pregnancy. We discuss this potential, with a special emphasis on exposure to methamphetamine, heroin and prescription drugs used for opioid maintenance treatment (OMT). We also discuss the advantages of register data and of merging such data from different regions...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669339/pattern-of-drug-abuse-in-addicts-self-referred-drug-rehabilitation-centers-in-khuzestan-province-iran-2014-2015
#16
F Jamshidi, I Nazari, Z Rahimi, M Cheraghi
AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to determine the pattern of drug use and the affective demographic factors in addicts in self-referred drug rehabilitation centers in Khuzestan province. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study which has done on 4400 addicts in self-referred drug rehabilitation centers in Khuzestan province from March 2014 to March 2015. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS version 22 software. Mean and standard deviation were calculated for continuous variables and the frequency and percentage frequency were calculated for nominal and classified variables, and also t-test, χ2 and ANOVA were used to examine the relationships between variables...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664496/all-the-darkness-we-don-t-see
#17
Julia M Geynisman-Tan, Jolyn S Taylor, Terri Edersheim, Debra Taubel
Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. This is a public health crisis; as physicians who have direct contact with victims, we have a unique opportunity to intervene. The authors developed a specialty clinic for survivors of sex trafficking in 2013 at an academic medical center in New York City. Twenty of the 24 women seen in the Survivor Clinic saw a physician while being trafficked. Sex trafficking violates basic human rights, which include the rights to bodily integrity, dignity, health, and freedom from violence and torture...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647710/measuring-affiliation-in-group-therapy-for-substance-use-disorders-in-the-women-s-recovery-group-study-does-it-matter-whether-the-group-is-all-women-or-mixed-gender
#18
Dawn E Sugarman, Sara B Wigderson, Brittany R Iles, Julia S Kaufman, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, E Yvette Hilario, Michael S Robbins, Shelly F Greenfield
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A Stage II, two-site randomized clinical trial compared the manualized, single-gender Women's Recovery Group (WRG) to mixed-gender group therapy (Group Drug Counseling; GDC) and demonstrated efficacy. Enhanced affiliation and support in the WRG is a hypothesized mechanism of efficacy. This study sought to extend results of the previous small Stage I trial that showed the rate of supportive affiliative statements occurred more frequently in WRG than GDC. METHODS: Participants (N = 158; 100 women, 58 men) were 18 years or older, substance dependent, and had used substances within the past 60 days...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638501/hazardous-alcohol-use-associated-with-increased-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#19
Nadia Fairbairn, Kanna Hayashi, M-J Milloy, Seonaid Nolan, Paul Nguyen, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is associated with a multitude of severe health consequences. While risk behaviors related to illicit drug use are commonly studied among people who inject drugs (PWID), the role of alcohol use has received substantially less attention in this population. We explored whether drug and sexual risk behaviors as well as experiences of violence were associated with hazardous alcohol use in a cohort of PWID. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using observational data from a prospective cohort of community-recruited HIV-negative PWID in Vancouver, Canada...
November 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623834/-cocaine-characteristics-and-addiction
#20
REVIEW
Katarzyna Girczys-Połedniok, Robert Pudlo, Magdalena Jarząb, Agnieszka Szymlak
Cocaine use leads to health, social and legal problems. The aim of this paper is to discuss cocaine action, addicts characteristics, use patterns and consequences, as well as addiction treatment methods. A literature review was based on the Medline, PubMed, Polish Medical Bibliography databases and the Silesian Library resources. The Police and Central Statistical Office statistics, as well as the World Health Organization, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and the National Office for Combating Drug Addiction reports were used...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
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