keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

randomised controlled trial surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777632/predictor-factors-for-long-term-outcomes-stability-of-coronally-advanced-flap-with-or-without-connective-tissue-graft-in-the-treatment-of-single-maxillary-gingival-recessions-9-years-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Giulio Rasperini, Raffaele Acunzo, Gaia Pellegrini, Giorgio Pagni, Maurizio Tonetti, Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, Pierpaolo Cortellini
AIM: To assess the clinical outcomes 9 years after the surgical treatment of single maxillary gingival recessions and identify predictors for long-term gingival margin stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five gingival recession (Miller Class I and II) were randomly treated with CAF plus CTG or CAF alone. Outcomes included Complete Root Coverage (CRC), Recession Reduction (REC), Keratinized Tissue (KT) gain and dentin hypersensitivity, and were evaluated at 6-month, 1-year and 9-year...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777264/empagliflozin-reduces-cardiovascular-events-mortality-and-renal-events-in-participants-with-type-2-diabetes-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-subanalysis-of-the-empa-reg-outcome%C3%A2-randomised-trial
#2
Subodh Verma, C David Mazer, David Fitchett, Silvio E Inzucchi, Egon Pfarr, Jyothis T George, Bernard Zinman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: After coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in individuals with type 2 diabetes, there remains a considerable residual cardiovascular risk. In the EMPA-REG OUTCOME® trial in participants with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease, empagliflozin reduced the risk of cardiovascular death by 38%, all-cause mortality by 32%, hospitalisation for heart failure by 35% and incident or worsening nephropathy by 39% vs placebo when given in addition to standard of care...
May 19, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776444/mediastinal-staging-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-endobronchial-and-endoscopic-ultrasonography-with-or-without-additional-surgical-mediastinoscopy-mediastrial-study-protocol-of-a-multicenter-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Jelle E Bousema, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Nicole E Papen-Botterhuis, Hermien W Schreurs, Jos G Maessen, Erik H van der Heijden, Willem H Steup, Jerry Braun, Valentin J J M Noyez, Fieke Hoeijmakers, Naomi Beck, Martijn van Dorp, Niels J M Claessens, Birgitta I Hiddinga, Johannes M A Daniels, David J Heineman, Harmen R Zandbergen, Ad F T M Verhagen, Paul E van Schil, Jouke T Annema, Frank J C van den Broek
BACKGROUND: In case of suspicious lymph nodes on computed tomography (CT) or fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), advanced tumour size or central tumour location in patients with suspected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Dutch and European guidelines recommend mediastinal staging by endosonography (endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)) with sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes. If biopsy results from endosonography turn out negative, additional surgical staging of the mediastinum by mediastinoscopy is advised to prevent unnecessary lung resection due to false negative endosonography findings...
May 18, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773696/electroacupuncture-as-a-complement-to-usual-care-for-patients-with-non-acute-low-back-pain-after-back-surgery-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
In Heo, Man-Suk Hwang, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Jae-Heung Cho, In-Hyuk Ha, Kyung-Min Shin, Jun-Hwan Lee, Nam-Kwen Kim, Dong-Wuk Son, Byung-Cheul Shin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the sample size for a large pragmatic study of the comparative effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) for low back pain (LBP) after back surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, active-controlled, assessor-blinded trial. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with recurrent or persistent LBP, defined as a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score of ≥50 mm, with or without leg pain after back surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomised to an EA plus usual care (UC) group or to a UC alone group at a 1:1 ratio...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761273/a-randomised-trial-of-observational-learning-from-2d-and-3d-models-in-robotically-assisted-surgery
#5
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson, John S McGrath, Marie-Eve LeBel, Gavin Buckingham
BACKGROUND: Advances in 3D technology mean that both robotic surgical devices and surgical simulators can now incorporate stereoscopic viewing capabilities. While depth information may benefit robotic surgical performance, it is unclear whether 3D viewing also aids skill acquisition when learning from observing others. As observational learning plays a major role in surgical skills training, this study aimed to evaluate whether 3D viewing provides learning benefits in a robotically assisted surgical task...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757454/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Juan Va Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752333/the-endocrinology-of-male-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Ian S Fentiman
Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease but, as a result of epidemiological collaborations, there is now greater clarity concerning endocrine risk factors. The significant rise in global age-standardised mean BMI in men is likely to lead to increases in incidence of maturity-onset diabetes and MBC. The metabolic changes accompanying obesity decrease androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), thereby increasing available oestrogens. The higher rates of MBC in North and Equatorial Africa are largely due to liver damage from endemic bilharziasis and hepatitis B causing elevated oestradiol (E2 ) levels from hepatic conversion of androgen...
June 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751360/intact-intraoperative-fluorescence-angiography-ifa-to-prevent-anastomotic-leak-in-rectal-cancer-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
G Armstrong, J Croft, N Corrigan, J M Brown, V Goh, P Quirke, C Hulme, D Tolan, A Kirby, R Cahill, R O'Connell, D Miskovic, M Coleman, D G Jayne
PURPOSE: Anastomotic leak (AL) is a major complication of rectal cancer surgery. Despite advances in surgical practice, rates of AL have remained static at around 10-15%. The aetiology of AL is multifactorial, but one of the most crucial risk factors, which is mostly under the control of the surgeon, is blood supply to the anastomosis. The MRC/NIHR IntAct study will determine whether assessment of anastomotic perfusion using a fluorescent dye (Indocyanine Green) and near-infrared laparoscopy can minimise the rate of anastomotic leak as compared to conventional white light laparoscopy...
May 11, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746373/incidence-of-akathisia-after-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-prophylaxis-with-droperidol-and-ondansetron-in-outpatient-surgery-a-multicentre-controlled-randomised-trial
#9
Antoine Charton, Nicolas Greib, Aude Ruimy, Valentina Faitot, Yves Noudem, Girish P Joshi, Nicolas Meyer, Pierre Diemunsch
BACKGROUND: Akathisia, a distressing movement disorder induced by butyrophenones, has been described with low doses of droperidol used for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis, but the incidence remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of akathisia after PONV prophylaxis with two doses of droperidol in comparison with ondansetron, in patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. We hypothesised that the incidence of akathisia is higher with droperidol than that with ondansetron...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744950/the-idemcare-study-improving-dementia-care-in-black-african-and-caribbean-groups-a-feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
REVIEW
Moïse Roche, Naaheed Mukadam, Simon Adelman, Gill Livingston
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of a tailored evidence-based intervention, consisting of a leaflet and a letter, to encourage timely help-seeking for dementia in Black elders. METHODS: Participating GP surgeries were randomised to send either the intervention or a control leaflet about ageing well to Black patients aged ≥50 years old without known dementia. We interviewed patients 2 weeks later about the intervention's acceptability using closed and open-ended questions, and they completed a Theory-of-Planned-behaviour questionnaire about what they would do if they developed memory problems, which they also completed 4 months later...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744243/effect-of-bougie-guided-nasal-intubations-upon-bleeding-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Prasanna Vadhanan, Debendra Kumar Tripaty
Objective: Bleeding due to inadvertent trauma is a troublesome complication of nasal intubations. A lot of methods have been suggested to minimise this problem. A flexible bougie can be passed atraumatically via the nasal route to the trachea and an appropriate-sized endotracheal tube can be railroaded over it to avoid this problem. The primary objective of the study was to compare the severity of bleeding with bougie-guided and conventional nasotracheal intubations on a subjective scale...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743064/patient-directed-self-management-of-pain-padsmap-compared-to-treatment-as-usual-following-total-knee-replacement-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Katherine H O Deane, Richard Gray, Paula Balls, Clare Darrah, Louise Swift, Alan B Clark, Garry R Barton, Sophie Morris, Sue Butters, Angela Bullough, Helen Flaherty, Barbara Talbot, Mark Sanders, Simon T Donell
BACKGROUND: Self-administration of medicines by patients whilst in hospital is being increasingly promoted despite little evidence to show the risks and benefits. Pain control after total knee replacement (TKR) is known to be poor. The aim of the study was to determine if patients operated on with a TKR who self-medicate their oral analgesics in the immediate post-operative period have better pain control than those who receive their pain control by nurse-led drug rounds (Treatment as Usual (TAU))...
May 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741289/grommets-ventilation-tubes-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Paul Mick, Anne Gm Schilder, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood illnesses. While many children experience sporadic AOM episodes, an important group suffer from recurrent AOM (rAOM), defined as three or more episodes in six months, or four or more in one year. In this subset of children AOM poses a true burden through frequent episodes of ear pain, general illness, sleepless nights and time lost from nursery or school. Grommets, also called ventilation or tympanostomy tubes, can be offered for rAOM...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738635/nasopharyngeal-versus-hypopharyngeal-packing-during-sino-nasal-surgeries-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mohamed G Alfiky, Osama A Margalani, Afnan F Rajeh, Fares E Alghamdi, Omar A Abu Suliman, Sumaiya H Muathen, Soha A Elmorsy
OBJECTIVES: Primary: to compare the severity of postoperative throat pain between patients who received a nasopharyngeal pack, and those who received a hypopharyngeal pack during their sino-nasal surgery. Secondary: to assess the efficacy of using a nasopharyngeal pack in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and to compare its result with patients who received a hypopharyngeal pack. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary Hospital...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733492/cognitive-training-for-technical-and-non-technical-skills-in-robotic-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
N Raison, K Ahmed, T Abe, O Brunckhorst, G Novara, N Buffi, C McIlhenny, H Van der Poel, M Van Hemelrijck, A Gavazzi, P Dasgupta
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of motor imagery (MI) for technical and non-technical skills (NTS) training in minimally invasive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single blind, parallel group randomised controlled trial was conducted at the Vattikuti Institute of Robotic Surgery, King's College London. Novice surgeons were recruited by open invitation in 2015. Following basic robotic skills training, participants underwent simple randomisation to either MI training or standard training...
May 7, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730174/a-systematic-review-of-the-aetiology-and-management-of-post-cholecystectomy-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Isherwood, Kathryn Oakland, Achal Khanna
BACKGROUND: 10% of patients who undergo a cholecystectomy go on to develop post-cholecystectomy syndrome (PCS). The majority of these patients may suffer from extra-biliary or unrelated organic disorders that may have been present before cholecystectomy. The numerous aetiological causes of PCS result in a wide spectrum of management options, each with varying success in abating symptoms. This systematic review aims to provide a summary of the causative aetiologies of post cholecystectomy syndrome, their incidences and efficacy of available management options...
May 2, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727028/effects-of-depth-of-neuromuscular-block-on-surgical-conditions-during-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
B W Koo, A Y Oh, H S Na, H J Lee, S B Kang, D W Kim, K S Seo
There have been few objective evaluations of the effects of deep neuromuscular blockade on intra-operative conditions. In this prospective randomised controlled study, we evaluated the effects of deep neuromuscular block on surgical conditions during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Patients were randomly allocated using a computer-generated randomisation code to either moderate (train-of-four count 1-2 maintained and antagonised with neostigmine) or deep (post-tetanic count 1-2 maintained and reversed with sugammadex) levels of neuromuscular blockade...
May 4, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726345/mortality-and-morbidity-in-acutely-ill-adults-treated-with-liberal-versus-conservative-oxygen-therapy-iota-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Derek K Chu, Lisa H-Y Kim, Paul J Young, Nima Zamiri, Saleh A Almenawer, Roman Jaeschke, Wojciech Szczeklik, Holger J Schünemann, John D Neary, Waleed Alhazzani
BACKGROUND: Supplemental oxygen is often administered liberally to acutely ill adults, but the credibility of the evidence for this practice is unclear. We systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of liberal versus conservative oxygen therapy in acutely ill adults. METHODS: In the Improving Oxygen Therapy in Acute-illness (IOTA) systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, HealthSTAR, LILACS, PapersFirst, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry from inception to Oct 25, 2017, for randomised controlled trials comparing liberal and conservative oxygen therapy in acutely ill adults (aged ≥18 years)...
April 28, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724252/synthetic-versus-autologous-reconstruction-syn-var-of-the-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Adam Tucker, Sam McMahon, Bronwyn McArdle, Bridgeen Rutherford, Danny Acton
BACKGROUND: Recurrent patellar instability incidence is 5.8/100,000 population, and recurrent dislocations are reported in the range of 15-80%. Recurrent instability is multifactorial and can be associated with disorder of limb alignment, osseous development, congruity of the patella in the trochlea and soft tissue static and dynamic constraints. The multifactorial aetiology makes management challenging, and a lack studies in a heterogeneous population with robust clinical outcomes compounds this further...
May 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721332/a-pilot-randomised-double-blind-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-purified-fatty-acids-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-endometriosis-associated-pain-purfect-study-protocol
#20
Ibtisam M Abokhrais, Philippa T K Saunders, Fiona C Denison, Ann Doust, Linda Williams, Andrew W Horne
Background: Endometriosis affects 6-10% of women and is associated with debilitating pelvic pain. It costs the UK > £2.8 billion per year in loss of productivity. Endometriosis can be managed by surgical excision or medically by ovarian suppression. However, ~ 75% symptoms recur after surgery and available medical treatments have undesirable side effects and are contraceptive. Omega-3 purified fatty acids (PUFA) have been shown in animal models to reduce factors that are thought to lead to endometriosis-associated pain, have minimal side effects, and no effects on fertility...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
keyword
keyword
13108
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"