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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766321/acute-kidney-injury-after-implantation-of-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-comparison-of-axial-flow-heartmate-ii-and-centrifugal-flow-heartware-hvad-devices
#1
Azeen Anjum, Chitaru Kurihara, Andre Critsinelis, Masashi Kawabori, Tadahisa Sugiura, Andrew B Civitello, Whitson B Etheridge, Reynolds M Delgado, Leo Simpson, Joggy K George, Ajith P Nair, O H Frazier, Jeffrey A Morgan
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) are increasingly being used to treat advanced, refractory chronic heart failure. Herein, we sought to determine the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in axial-flow (HeartMate II; HM-II) and centrifugal-flow (HVAD) CF-LVAD recipients, as well as the effect of AKI on mortality. The study cohort comprised 520 patients who received a HM-II (n = 398) or HVAD (n = 122) at our center between November 2003 and March 2016. Their records were reviewed to determine the incidence of RIFLE-defined AKI after LVAD implantation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758424/using-strontium-isotopes-to-evaluate-the-spatial-variation-of-groundwater-recharge
#2
John N Christensen, Baptiste Dafflon, Alyssa E Shiel, Tetsu K Tokunaga, Jiamin Wan, Boris Faybishenko, Wenming Dong, Kenneth H Williams, Chad Hobson, Shaun T Brown, Susan S Hubbard
Recharge of alluvial aquifers is a key component in understanding the interaction between floodplain vadose zone biogeochemistry and groundwater quality. The Rifle Site (a former U-mill tailings site) adjacent to the Colorado River is a well-established field laboratory that has been used for over a decade for the study of biogeochemical processes in the vadose zone and aquifer. This site is considered an exemplar of both a riparian floodplain in a semiarid region and a post-remediation U-tailings site. In this paper we present Sr isotopic data for groundwater and vadose zone porewater samples collected in May and July 2013 to build a mixing model for the fractional contribution of vadose zone porewater (i...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757568/acute-kidney-injury-following-radical-cystectomy-and-urinary-diversion-predictors-and-associated-morbidity
#3
Yasser Osman, Ahmed M Harraz, Samer El-Halwagy, Mahmoud Laymon, Ahmed Mosbah, Hassan Abol-Enein, Atalla A Shaaban
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after major surgeries is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aim to report incidence, predictors and associated comorbidities of AKI after radical cystectomy in a large cohort of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 1000 patients who underwent open radical cystectomy in a tertiary referral center. Perioperative serum creatinine measurements were used to define AKI according to the RIFLE criteria (as Risk, Injury and Failure)...
March 18, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731241/validation-of-renal-risk-score-models-for-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-diabetic-patients
#4
Mehmet Kalender, Taylan Adademir, Deniz Çevirme, Mehmet Atay, Kamil Boyacioglu, Mehmet Tasar, Fuat Buyukbayrak
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting is applicable with very low mortality and morbidity rates around the world. However, exposure to even one of the risk factors increases mortality and morbidity significantly. There are three acute kidney injury definitions, and classification methods are applicable (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO); Risk, Injury, and Failure; and Loss; and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE); and Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN)), for understanding and grading of renal impairment...
April 18, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712661/incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-among-patients-treated-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-meropenem-in-combination-with-vancomycin
#5
W Cliff Rutter, David S Burgess
Acute kidney injury increases during empiric antimicrobial therapy with the combination of piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) and vancomycin (VAN) when compared to monotherapy or the combination of cefepime and VAN. Limited data regarding the impact of meropenem (MEM) combined with VAN exist. This study examined the AKI incidence among patients treated with MEM+VAN or TZP+VAN. Data were collected from the University of Kentucky Center for Clinical and Translational Science Enterprise Data Trust from September 2007 through October 2015...
April 30, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696106/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-aminophylline-in-reducing-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Shahrbanoo Shahbazi, Peyman Alishahi, Elham Asadpour
Objectives: Acute renal failure is a common complication of major cardiovascular surgeries (One-third of patients). Adenosine release as a vascular vasodilator increases after cardiac surgery, which reduces renal and glomerular blood flow and subsequently causes kidney ischemic damage. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of aminophylline as an adenosine receptor antagonist on renal function after cardiac surgery hoping to find an appropriate method to reduce acute kidney injury...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690893/inclusion-and-definition-of-acute-renal-dysfunction-in-critically-ill-patients-in-randomized-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review
#7
Rogerio da Hora Passos, Joao Gabriel Rosa Ramos, André Gobatto, Juliana Caldas, Etienne Macedo, Paulo Benigno Batista
BACKGROUND: In evidence-based medicine, multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating treatment benefits and ensuring the effectiveness of interventions. Patient-centered outcomes, such as mortality, are most often the preferred evaluated outcomes. While there is currently agreement on how to classify renal dysfunction in critically ill patients , the application frequency of this new classification system in RCTs has not previously been evaluated...
April 24, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682165/urinary-mitochondrial-dna-identifies-renal-dysfunction-and-mitochondrial-damage-in-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#8
Qiongyuan Hu, Jianan Ren, Huajian Ren, Jie Wu, Xiuwen Wu, Song Liu, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Kun Guo, Jieshou Li
Background: Recent animal studies have shown that mitochondrial dysfunction initiates and accelerates renal injury in sepsis, but its role in sepsis remains unknown. Mitochondrial stress or dying cells can lead to fragmentation of the mitochondrial genome, which is considered a surrogate marker of mitochondrial dysfunction. Therefore, we evaluated the efficiency of urinary mitochondrial DNA (UmtDNA) as a marker of renal dysfunction during sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: We isolated DNA from plasma and urine of patients...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666827/donald-s-coffey-the-brady-long-rifles-and-the-war-on-prostate-cancer
#9
EDITORIAL
Markham C Luke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665445/acute-kidney-injury-during-treatment-with-high-dose-cloxacillin-a-report-of-23-cases-and-literature-review
#10
Aurélie Lavergne, Cécile Vigneau, Elisabeth Polard, Louise Triquet, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Pierre Tattevin, Léonard Golbin
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend high-dose cloxacillin for endocarditis or osteoarticular infections due to meticillin-susceptible staphylococci. However, data on the tolerability of these regimens are scarce. METHODS: We used the computerized registry of suspected drug-related adverse events in our institution. Cases of acute kidney injury (AKI), as defined by KDIGO, in patients receiving high-dose cloxacillin, were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from medical charts on a standardized questionnaire...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662540/the-impact-of-comorbidities-sex-and-age-on-the-occurrence-of-acute-kidney-injury-among-patients-undergoing-nephron-sparing-surgery
#11
Elias Hellou, Zaher Bahouth, Edmond Sabo, Zaid Abassi, Ofer Nativ
Background: The aim of this study was to report the impact of patients' baseline characteristics on the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) for localized kidney cancer. Patients and methods: Data from our kidney cancer database were retrospectively extracted to include 402 patients who underwent NSS between March 2000 and June 2016, and had sufficient data. Definition of AKI was based on the postoperative serum creatinine levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) magnitude, which were measured during the 72 h after surgery...
March 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662256/analysis-of-combat-casualties-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-during-the-negotiation-of-the-comprehensive-colombian-process-of-peace
#12
Carlos A Ordoñez, Ramiro Manzano Nunez, Michael W Parra, Juan Pablo Herrera, Maria Paula Naranjo, Sara Sofia Escobar, Marisol Badiel, Monica Morales, Cecibel Cevallos, Juan G Bayona, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Juan Carlos Puyana, Alberto F García
Aim: Our objective was to describe the variations in casualties admitted to the emergency department during the period of the negotiation of the comprehensive peace agreement in Colombia between 2011 and 2016. Methods: A retrospective study of all hostile military casualties managed at a regional Level I trauma center from January 2011 to December 2016. Patients were subsequently divided into two groups: those seen before the declaration of the process of peace truce (November 2012) and those after (negotiation period)...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649828/risk-analysis-for-invasive-fungal-infection-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-which-patient-needs-potent-prophylaxis
#13
Masashi Utsumi, Yuzo Umeda, Takahito Yagi, Takeshi Nagasaka, Susumu Shinoura, Ryuich Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Tomokazu Fuji, Kosei Takagi, Akinobu Takaki, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is associated with high mortality after living donor liver transplant (LDLT). The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for post-LDLT IFI for early diagnosis and improvement of antifungal treatment outcome. METHODS: Risk analysis data were available for all 153 patients who underwent LDLT between January 2005 and April 2012. RESULTS: During the follow-up period (1,553 ± 73 days, range 20-2,946 days), 15 patients (9...
April 12, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644274/ocular-manifestations-of-taser-induced-trauma
#14
Briana C Gapsis, Amber Hoang, Kourosh Nazari, Marcelle Morcos
A young adult male experienced penetrating globe injury due to a Thomas A. Swift Electric Rifle (TASER). Despite successful repair of the globe, the damage was profound. This case report explores the complex ways in which mechanical and electrical forces from a TASER may impact the structural integrity and the neurosensory structures of the eye.
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642731/the-effect-of-hemodynamically-significant-patent-ductus-arteriosus-on-acute-kidney-injury-and-systemic-hypertension-in-extremely-low-gestational-age-newborns
#15
Danitza M Velazquez, Kimberly J Reidy, Madhu Sharma, Mimi Kim, Melissa Vega, Tomas Havranek
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in preterm neonates is becoming an increasingly recognized morbidity in the neonatal intensive care unit neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), yet its epidemiology, delineation and relation to numerous toxic exposures and common morbidities such as systemic hypertension is just evolving. With a frequency of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) as high as 70% in preterm infants born before 28-week gestation, the role of the hemodynamically significant PDA (hs-PDA) remains unclear...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622408/the-use-of-a-magnetic-port-finder-in-the-retrieval-of-air-rifle-bbs-to-the-upper-extremity
#16
Elizabeth Kiwanuka, Sun Hsieh, Lauren Ouellet Roussel, Charles Christopher Jehle, Raman Mehrzad, Scott Schmidt
Air-powered rifles shoot ball bearings with enough kinetic energy to penetrate skin and fracture underlying bones. In addition, there are reports of these ball bearings embolizing within the vascular network, causing serious injuries such as ischemic stroke with resultant blindness. The severity of these complications warrants occasional removal of these foreign bodies; however, they can be difficult to localize. In this case report, we describe the use of a magnetic port finder, a sterilizable tool used in breast reconstruction, to localize the foreign body in situ...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619336/risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients-with-presumed-pneumonia-is-not-impacted-by-choice-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-therapy
#17
Kelsey B Billups, Erica E Reed, Gary S Phillips, Kurt B Stevenson, Steven M Steinberg, Claire V Murphy
Background: Vancomycin and linezolid are standard treatment options for nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia. While acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly attributed to vancomycin, existing data has not definitely confirmed vancomycin as an independent risk factor for AKI. Aims: This study aimed to quantify the incidence of AKI in Surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients receiving empiric vancomycin or linezolid for nosocomial pneumonia and to identify risk factors for AKI with a focus on MRSA antibiotic therapy...
January 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616881/the-use-of-ketamine-xylazine-or-butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine-to-immobilize-american-black-bears-ursus-americanus
#18
Ryan H Williamson, Lisa L Muller, Coy Blair
  Wildlife anesthetic protocols must offer rapid inductions and recoveries, be physiologically safe, and be minimally regulated. With this in mind, we evaluated differences in induction and recovery times and physiological parameters in 33 American black bears ( Ursus americanus) anesthetized with ketamine-xylazine (KX) or immobilized with a commercial drug combination of butorphanol, azaperone, and medetomidine (BAM). Dose was based on mass estimated from field observations. Bears were housed at Appalachian Bear Rescue, Townsend, Tennessee, US, or free-ranging within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Tennessee and North Carolina, US) and chemically immobilized for management purposes...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599099/predictive-value-of-acute-kidney-injury-for-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-following-tricuspid-annuloplasty-a-comparison-of-three-consensus-criteria
#19
Mei-Zhen Wu, Yan Chen, Wing-Kok Au, Daniel Chan, Ko-Yung Sit, Kar-Lai Ho, Lai-Ming Ho, Yui-Ming Lam, Chu-Pak Lau, Tak-Mao Chan, Hung-Fat Tse, Kai-Hang Yiu
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid annuloplasty (TA) is increasingly being performed, but the clinical outcome is unsatisfactory. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following cardiac surgery and predicts outcome. Nonetheless the occurrence rate and prognostic value of AKI after TA are unclear. METHODS: This study reviewed 339 consecutive patients (age 65±11 years; male 42%) who underwent TA. The incidence of AKI was defined according to risk/injury/failure/loss/end stage (RIFLE), acute kidney injury network (AKIN), and kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO) criteria, respectively...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598959/morbidity-and-mortality-of-acute-renal-failure-in-the-critical-care-unit-of-a-regional-hospital
#20
M E Esteban Ciriano, J M Peña Porta, C Vicente de Vera Floristán, S Olagorta García, R Álvarez Lipe, J M Vicente de Vera Floristán
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study is to perform an analysis on the incidence, predictive variables, and severity of acute kidney injury (AKI) and its impact on the morbidity and mortality of patients in the Resuscitation and Special Care Unit (RSCU) of a regional hospital. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted that included all patients admitted from 1 January 2012 to 1 January 2015 (1,115 patients). The follow-up was until 15 July 2015...
March 26, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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