keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

RIFLE

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#1
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895019/nephrotoxicity-during-vancomycin-therapy-in-combination-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-cefepime
#2
W Cliff Rutter, Jessica N Cox, Craig A Martin, Donna R Burgess, David S Burgess
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated that vancomycin (VAN) may lead to an increase in acute kidney injury (AKI) when combined with anti-pseudomonal beta-lactams. This study compared the incidence of AKI associated with VAN plus piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) or cefepime (FEP). METHODS: This was a retrospective, matched cohort study at an academic medical center between September 2010 and September 2014 including adult patients receiving TZP-VAN or FEP-VAN for at least 48 hours and without severe chronic or structural kidney disease, dialysis, pregnancy, cystic fibrosis, or hospital transfer...
November 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890835/acute-kidney-injury-after-open-repair-of-intact-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#3
REVIEW
Charles Dariane, Raphaël Coscas, Celia Boulitrop, Isabelle Javerliat, Eve Vilaine, Olivier Goeau-Brissonniere, Marc Coggia, Ziad A Massy
BACKGROUND: These last years, considerable attention has been given to renal issues following endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) but acute kidney injury (AKI) also remains one of the most frequent complications following open repair (OR). OBJECTIVES: Since AKI definition has evolved, our aim was to review the aetiology, incidence, classifications and consequences of AKI after OR for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: A review of the English language literature published between 2004 and 2016 was conducted according to the PRISMA criteria...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890096/entrance-and-exit-wounds-of-high-velocity-bullet-an-autopsy-analysis-in-the-event-of-dispersing-the-mass-rally-in-bangkok-thailand-may-2010
#4
Vichan Peonim, Smith Srisont, Jitta Udnoon, Sompong Wongwichai, Arisa Thapon, Wisarn Worasuwannarak
Fatal mass casualties by high velocity bullets (HVBs) are rare events in peaceful countries. This study presents 27 forensic autopsy cases with 32 shots fired by 5.56×45mm. HVB (M-16 rifle bullets) during the dispersing the mass rally in Bangkok Thailand, May 2010. It was found that twenty-three (71.88%) typical entrance HVB wounds had round sizes less than the bullet diameters. Most entrance wounds had microtears but no collar abrasion since a HVB has a small streamlined spitzer tip and full metal jacket...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885881/spectral-analysis-of-hearing-protector-impulsive-insertion-loss
#5
Cameron J Fackler, Elliott H Berger, William J Murphy, Michael E Stergar
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the performance of hearing protection devices (HPDs) in impulsive-noise conditions and to compare various protection metrics between impulsive and steady-state noise sources with different characteristics. DESIGN: HPDs were measured per the impulsive test methods of ANSI/ASA S12.42- 2010 . Protectors were measured with impulses generated by both an acoustic shock tube and an AR-15 rifle. The measured data were analysed for impulse peak insertion loss (IPIL) and impulsive spectral insertion loss (ISIL)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#6
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876521/increased-risk-of-renal-dysfunction-with-percutaneous-mechanical-thrombectomy-compared-with-catheter-directed-thrombolysis
#7
Katherine L Morrow, Ann H Kim, Steven A Plato, Andrew J Shevitz, Jerry Goldstone, Henry Baele, Vikram S Kashyap
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) is regularly used in the treatment of both venous and arterial thrombosis. Although there has been no formal report, PMT has been linked to cases of reversible postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risk of renal dysfunction in patients undergoing PMT vs catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for treatment of an acute thrombus. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of all patients in a single institution with a Current Procedural Terminology code for PMT or CDT from January 2009 through December 2014...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872973/persistent-mercury-contamination-in-shooting-range-soils-the-legacy-from-former-primers
#8
M Stauffer, A Pignolet, J A Corcho Alvarado
Mercury (Hg) compounds were used in the past in primers for rifle and handgun ammunition. Despite its toxicity, little is known about the contamination of shooting-range soils with this metal. We present new data about the Hg contamination of surface soils from numerous shooting ranges of Switzerland. Our study demonstrates that Hg is measurable at high levels in surface soils from the shooting ranges. In three of the investigated ranges, concentrations above the maximum Swiss guidance value of Hg in soil of 500 µg kg(-1) were measured...
November 21, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864946/development-of-a-mobile-toolmark-characterization-comparison-system
#9
Scott Chumbley, Song Zhang, Max Morris, Ryan Spotts, Chad Macziewski
Since the development of the striagraph, various attempts have been made to enhance forensic investigation through the use of measuring and imaging equipment. This study describes the development of a prototype system employing an easy-to-use software interface designed to provide forensic examiners with the ability to measure topography of a toolmarked surface and then conduct various comparisons using a statistical algorithm. Acquisition of the data is carried out using a portable 3D optical profilometer, and comparison of the resulting data files is made using software named "MANTIS" (Mark and Tool Inspection Suite)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843860/rhabdomyolysis-in-dak-bum-devotees-a-case-series
#10
Sonia Singh, Pankaj Hans
INTRODUCTION: India is a land of culture and heritage always known for its rituals. The devotees offer their prayers in the form of fasting, sacrifices and many other difficult ways to please Almighty! While doing so they often endanger their lives. Rhabdomyolysis, in a particular group of devotees of Bihar/Jharkhand known as Dak-Bum, is a life-threatening clinical entity which occurs in these devotees who travel a long distance in a short period in a fasting state. Rhabdomyolysis detected by myoglobinuria can lead to acute kidney injury and mortality...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811635/systemic-allergic-response-in-the-setting-of-a-metallic-intraorbital-foreign-body-with-intraoperative-magnet-assisted-retrieval
#11
Scott C Cole, Kian Eftekhari, Richard L Anderson, Thomas J Oberg
A 12-year-old boy with a past medical history of nickel allergy was referred to our service after sustaining an air rifle injury with a retained BB in his left inferior orbit. On examination, he had a palpable orbital mass and systemic urticaria. Plain films demonstrated a spherical metallic foreign body adjacent to the left inferior orbital rim. Given his worsening systemic reaction despite oral antihistamine therapy, decision was made to remove the foreign body. In the operating room, the Allergan Magna Finder-a prepackaged, sterile device normally used for retrieval of a port used in tissue expansion surgery-was placed over the inferior conjunctiva of the lower eyelid...
November 2, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803367/management-of-post-operative-acute-kidney-injury
#12
S Bell, V C Ross, K A Zealley, F Millar, C Isles
Post-operative acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of surgery with significant short- and long-term adverse consequences. The adoption of diagnostic criteria for AKI (RIFLE, AKIN and KDIGO) has facilitated comparison of data reported by different centres, confirming that even mild AKI is associated with excess mortality. It remains unclear whether this is caused by the kidney injury itself or whether AKI is simply a marker of underlying disease severity. There is no trial evidence to support the use of any specific therapeutic intervention in post-operative AKI...
October 18, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797892/sex-and-the-risk-of-aki-following-cardio-thoracic-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#13
Joel Neugarten, Sandipani Sandilya, Beenu Singh, Ladan Golestaneh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Being a woman is a well established risk factor for the development of cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI. In striking contrast, women are less likely to develop AKI associated with noncardiac surgical procedures than men. In an attempt to ascertain why being a woman might be protective for ischemic AKI after general surgery but deleterious in patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery, we examined cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI in greater detail. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI studies published between January of 1978 and December of 2015 to further explore the relationship between sex and cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794023/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-high-dose-colistin-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Yael Dishon Benattar, Muna Omar, Oren Zusman, Dafna Yahav, Yael Zak-Doron, Sergey Altunin, Michal Elbaz, Vered Daitch, Michal Granot, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND:  Optimizing colistin dosing should translate to improved patient outcomes. METHODS:  We used data from 2 prospective cohort studies performed between 2006 and 2009 and between 2012 and 2015. In the latter period, a new policy of high-dose colistin (9 million international units [MIU] loading dose followed by 9 MIU daily for normal renal function) was introduced in 2 participating hospitals. We included adult inpatients with invasive infections caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria treated with colistin...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782938/examination-of-ricochet-gunshot-wounds-from-commonly-encountered-surfaces
#15
Leigh Hlavaty, Sarah Avedschmidt, Kelly Root, Jeffrey Amley, LokMan Sung
Proper interpretation of gunshot wounds is vital for the forensic pathologist and requires experience and expertise, as well as consultation with a firearms and ballistics expert and careful scene investigation in cases of atypical gunshot wounds. This study is the first large-series examining ricochet gunshot wounds involving different firearm calibers. Typical gunshot wounds created from 4 handgun calibers (22 Long Rifle, 9 × 19 mm Parabellum, .40 Smith &Wesson, and .45 Automatic Colt Pistol) and 2 rifle calibers (5...
December 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759741/acute-kidney-injury-in-liver-transplant-candidates-a-position-paper-on-behalf-of-the-liver-intensive-care-group-of-europe
#16
Paolo Angeli, Dimitri Bezinover, Gianni Biancofiore, Anja Bienholz, James Findlay, Catherine Paugam Burtz, Koen Reyntjens, Tetsuro Sakai, Fuat H Saner, Dana Tomescu, Gebhard Wagener, Emmanuel Weiss
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high perioperative mortality. A series of AKI research breakthroughs are worth mentioning. First, in 2003, serum and urine biomarkers specific to AKI were identified. These biomarkers have contributed to early detection, prevention, and treatment of AKI. In 2004, AKI severity was defined with the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria, which was developed by the International Consensus Conference Workgroup of the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756352/is-there-a-risk-of-permanent-renal-dysfunction-after-primary-total-hip-and-knee-joint-replacements
#17
Basim Kamil Hassan, Ram Benny Christian Dessau, Arne Sahlström
BACKGROUND: Permanent renal dysfunction is considered as being a serious complication which may occur after major surgery and which furthermore may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of long-term postoperative renal dysfunction after primary total hip and knee joint replacements. METHODS: Long-term postoperative renal dysfunction was analyzed in a retrospective study of 1301 consecutive primary total hip and knee joint replacements performed between January 2009 and December 2013...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741497/use-of-agar-glycerol-and-agar-glycerol-water-as-a-translucent-brain-simulant-for-ballistic-testing
#18
Lisa Falland-Cheung, J Neil Waddell, Milad Soltanipour Lazarjan, Mark C Jermy, Taylor Winter, Darryl Tong, Paul A Brunton
The suitability of agar/glycerol/water and agar/glycerol mixtures as brain simulants was investigated. Test specimens (n=15) (50x27×37mm) were fabricated for these different mixtures and conditioned to 12°C, 22°C, and 26°C prior to testing. For comparison, fresh deer brain specimens (n=20) were sourced and prepared to the same dimensions as the agar/glycerol(/water) mixtures and conditioned to 12°C and 37°C. High impact tests were carried out with a 0.22-caliber air rifle pellet and a high-speed camera was used to record the projectile as it passed through the specimens, allowing for energy loss and vertical displacement velocity calculation...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706879/acute-kidney-injury-post-major-orthopaedic-surgery-a-single-centre-case-control-study
#19
Tracey Ying, Samantha Chan, Stephen Lane, Christine Somerville
AIM: To identify risk factors for acute kidney injury following major orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: We included all patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery at University Hospital Geelong between 2008 and 2014 in the study. Out of 2188 surgeries audited, we identified cases of acute kidney injury using the RIFLE criteria and matched those to controls 2:1 for age, sex, procedure and chronic kidney disease stage. We reviewed their records for risk factors of postoperative acute kidney injury, including medications such as gentamicin, diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker use...
October 5, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686609/colistin-versus-polymyxin-b-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Konstantinos Z Vardakas, Matthew E Falagas
Colistin and polymyxin B (PMB) have different pharmacokinetic profiles and minor differences in antimicrobial activities that may result in discrepancies in mortality and nephrotoxicity. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were searched. There was no significant difference in unadjusted mortality between patients treated with colistin and PMB [risk ratio (RR) = 0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-1.13]. Adjusted data were not available. Unadjusted nephrotoxicity was more common in patients treated with colistin than PMB (RR = 1...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
keyword
keyword
13103
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"