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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093933/acute-kidney-injury-in-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome-of-childhood-is-a-major-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Afshan Yaseen, Vina Tresa, Ali Asghar Lanewala, Seema Hashmi, Irshad Ali, Sabeeta Khatri, Muhammed Mubarak
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important complication of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) and is associated with adverse outcomes, especially the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to determine the clinical profile of children with INS who developed AKI and its short-term outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from March 2014 to October 2015. A total of 119 children of INS (age: 2-18 years) fulfilling the pediatric RIFLE criteria for the diagnosis of AKI were enrolled and followed up for 3 months to determine the outcome...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089222/-etiology-and-prognosis-of-the-eye-traumas-by-war-weapons-in-the-senegalese-army
#2
S M Seck, M Diakhaté, M N Ndiaye Sow, M Dieng, G Agboton, N N Guèye
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to identify the main weapons causing eye injuries during the campaigns of the Senegalese army in the south of the country, as well as the prognosis of these traumas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is retrospective and concerns soldiers wounded by the weapons of war during the exercise of their mission within the Senegalese armed forces of 1991 in 2005. They are mainly soldiers affected in the south of the country during a war, clashes with the rebels or in Guinea-Bissau during operation Gabou in 1998...
January 11, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079263/comparison-of-rates-of-nephrotoxicity-associated-with-vancomycin-in-combination-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-administered-as-an-extended-versus-standard-infusion
#3
Mariam Mousavi, Tanya Zapolskaya, Marco R Scipione, Eddie Louie, John Papadopoulos, Yanina Dubrovskaya
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Despite recent reports of relatively high rates (16-37%) of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving the combination of intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ) and vancomycin, data are limited evaluating the impact of PTZ infusion strategy on the occurrence of nephrotoxicity. The objective of this study was to compare the rates of nephrotoxicity in patients receiving vancomycin in combination with PTZ administered as an extended infusion (EI) versus a standard infusion (SI)...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072758/how-to-escape-the-immune-response-what-tumours-have-to-teach-to-transplant-immunologists
#4
Guillaume Claisse, Olivier Thaunat, Christiane Mousson, Kathryn J Wood, Gérard Rifle, Christophe Mariat
Recent progress in deciphering the mechanisms underlying the concepts of tumor immunosurveillance and immunoevasion has opened new opportunities for the development of effective anti-tumor therapies. Transplant physicians and immunologists have much to learn from those direct clinical translations of basic science. The 2016 Beaune Seminar in Transplant research brought together researchers from both fields to explore and discuss significant advances in cancer biology, immunotherapies and their potential impacts for the management of cancer in transplant recipients...
January 9, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054900/urine-output-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-predicts-acute-kidney-injury-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#5
Mehmet Yilmaz, Rezan Aksoy, Vildan Kilic Yilmaz, Canan Balci, Cagri Duzyol, Atike Tekeli Kunt
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between the amount of urinary output during cardiopulmonary bypass and acute kidney injury in the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Two hundred patients with normal preoperative serum creatinine levels, operated on with isolated CABG between 2012-2014 were investigated retrospectively. The RIFLE (Risk, injury, failure, loss of function, and end-stage renal disease) risk scores were calculated for each patient in the third postoperative day...
16, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049899/the-incidence-of-cisplatin-induced-hypomagnesemia-in-cervical-cancer-patients-receiving-cisplatin-alone
#6
Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Kazushi Watanabe, Hiroshi Matsushita, Ikuto Tsukiyama, Katsuhiko Matsuura, Akihiko Wakatsuki
 Hypomagnesemia is one side effect in patients receiving cisplatin. However, there are few reports of cisplatin-induced hypomagnesemia in Japan. We retrospectively investigated the incidence of hypomagnesemia and nephrotoxicity in patients undergoing radiation therapy who were treated with cisplatin alone (dosage: 40 mg/m(2), administration interval: 1 week) for cervical cancer. Thirty-two patients undergoing radiation therapy who received cisplatin alone for cervical cancer between January 2012 and May 2016 at Aichi Medical University Hospital were included...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018150/frequency-of-and-risk-factors-for-acute-kidney-injury-associated-with-vancomycin-use-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#7
Sarah Bonazza, Lauren C Bresee, Timothy Kraft, B Catherine Ross, Deonne Dersch-Mills
BACKGROUND: Published information evaluating frequency of and risk factors for vancomycin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) population is conflicting. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to describe the proportion of our PICU patients who developed AKI with intravenous (IV) vancomycin. The secondary objective was to describe the associated potential risk factors. METHODS: Pediatric patients (0-18 years) who received their first IV vancomycin dose in the PICU were evaluated in this retrospective chart review...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991471/cigarette-and-snus-modified-association-between-unprotected-exposure-to-noise-from-hunting-rifle-caliber-weapons-and-high-frequency-hearing-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-among-swedish-hunters
#8
Louise Honeth, Peter Ström, Alexander Ploner, Dan Bagger-Sjöbäck, Ulf Rosenhall, Olof Nyrén
AIM: To investigate in this cross-sectional study among Swedish hunters if tobacco use modifies the previously observed association, expressed as prevalence ratio (PR), between unprotected exposure to impulse noise from hunting rifle caliber (HRC) weapons and high-frequency hearing impairment (HFHI). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted among Swedish sport hunters in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was Internet-based and consisted of a questionnaire and an Internet-based audiometry test...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987425/rifle-bullet-penetration-into-ballistic-gelatin
#9
Yaoke Wen, Cheng Xu, Yongxi Jin, R C Batra
The penetration of a rifle bullet into a block of ballistic gelatin is experimentally and computationally studied for enhancing our understanding of the damage caused to human soft tissues. The gelatin is modeled as an isotropic and homogeneous elastic-plastic linearly strain-hardening material that obeys a polynomial equation of state. Effects of numerical uncertainties on penetration characteristics are found by repeating simulations with minute variations in the impact speed and the angle of attack. The temporary cavity formed in the gelatin and seen in pictures taken by two high speed cameras is found to compare well with the computed one...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943125/identifying-high-risk-medications-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients-a-pharmacoepidemiologic-evaluation
#10
Morgan B Slater, Andrea Gruneir, Paula A Rochon, Andrew W Howard, Gideon Koren, Christopher S Parshuram
BACKGROUND: Nephrotoxic medications are a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). Critically ill children receive more medication than other inpatients; however, the risk of nephrotoxic medication-induced AKI in these children is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association between exposure to nephrotoxic medications in the intensive care unit (ICU) and the development of AKI amongst critically ill children, adjusting for differences in underlying risk...
December 9, 2016: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934815/hypopituitarism-following-rifle-cleaning-accident
#11
Vimal Upreti, Narendra Kotwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#12
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895019/nephrotoxicity-during-vancomycin-therapy-in-combination-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-cefepime
#13
W Cliff Rutter, Jessica N Cox, Craig A Martin, Donna R Burgess, David S Burgess
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated that vancomycin (VAN) may lead to an increase in acute kidney injury (AKI) when combined with anti-pseudomonal beta-lactams. This study compared the incidence of AKI associated with VAN plus piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) or cefepime (FEP). METHODS: This was a retrospective, matched cohort study at an academic medical center between September 2010 and September 2014 including adult patients receiving TZP-VAN or FEP-VAN for at least 48 hours and without severe chronic or structural kidney disease, dialysis, pregnancy, cystic fibrosis, or hospital transfer...
November 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890835/acute-kidney-injury-after-open-repair-of-intact-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#14
REVIEW
Charles Dariane, Raphaël Coscas, Celia Boulitrop, Isabelle Javerliat, Eve Vilaine, Olivier Goeau-Brissonniere, Marc Coggia, Ziad A Massy
BACKGROUND: These last years, considerable attention has been given to renal issues following endovascular aortic repair but acute kidney injury (AKI) also remains one of the most frequent complications following open repair (OR). Since AKI definition has evolved, our aim was to review the etiology, incidence, classifications, and consequences of AKI after OR for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: A review of the English language literature published between 2004 and 2016 was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890096/entrance-and-exit-wounds-of-high-velocity-bullet-an-autopsy-analysis-in-the-event-of-dispersing-the-mass-rally-in-bangkok-thailand-may-2010
#15
Vichan Peonim, Smith Srisont, Jitta Udnoon, Sompong Wongwichai, Arisa Thapon, Wisarn Worasuwannarak
Fatal mass casualties by high velocity bullets (HVBs) are rare events in peaceful countries. This study presents 27 forensic autopsy cases with 32 shots fired by 5.56×45mm. HVB (M-16 rifle bullets) during the dispersing the mass rally in Bangkok Thailand, May 2010. It was found that twenty-three (71.88%) typical entrance HVB wounds had round sizes less than the bullet diameters. Most entrance wounds had microtears but no collar abrasion since a HVB has a small streamlined spitzer tip and full metal jacket...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885881/spectral-analysis-of-hearing-protector-impulsive-insertion-loss
#16
Cameron J Fackler, Elliott H Berger, William J Murphy, Michael E Stergar
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the performance of hearing protection devices (HPDs) in impulsive-noise conditions and to compare various protection metrics between impulsive and steady-state noise sources with different characteristics. DESIGN: HPDs were measured per the impulsive test methods of ANSI/ASA S12.42- 2010 . Protectors were measured with impulses generated by both an acoustic shock tube and an AR-15 rifle. The measured data were analysed for impulse peak insertion loss (IPIL) and impulsive spectral insertion loss (ISIL)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#17
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876521/increased-risk-of-renal-dysfunction-with-percutaneous-mechanical-thrombectomy-compared-with-catheter-directed-thrombolysis
#18
Katherine L Morrow, Ann H Kim, Steven A Plato, Andrew J Shevitz, Jerry Goldstone, Henry Baele, Vikram S Kashyap
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) is regularly used in the treatment of both venous and arterial thrombosis. Although there has been no formal report, PMT has been linked to cases of reversible postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risk of renal dysfunction in patients undergoing PMT vs catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for treatment of an acute thrombus. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of all patients in a single institution with a Current Procedural Terminology code for PMT or CDT from January 2009 through December 2014...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872973/persistent-mercury-contamination-in-shooting-range-soils-the-legacy-from-former-primers
#19
M Stauffer, A Pignolet, J A Corcho Alvarado
Mercury (Hg) compounds were used in the past in primers for rifle and handgun ammunition. Despite its toxicity, little is known about the contamination of shooting-range soils with this metal. We present new data about the Hg contamination of surface soils from numerous shooting ranges of Switzerland. Our study demonstrates that Hg is measurable at high levels in surface soils from the shooting ranges. In three of the investigated ranges, concentrations above the maximum Swiss guidance value of Hg in soil of 500 µg kg(-1) were measured...
November 21, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864946/development-of-a-mobile-toolmark-characterization-comparison-system
#20
Scott Chumbley, Song Zhang, Max Morris, Ryan Spotts, Chad Macziewski
Since the development of the striagraph, various attempts have been made to enhance forensic investigation through the use of measuring and imaging equipment. This study describes the development of a prototype system employing an easy-to-use software interface designed to provide forensic examiners with the ability to measure topography of a toolmarked surface and then conduct various comparisons using a statistical algorithm. Acquisition of the data is carried out using a portable 3D optical profilometer, and comparison of the resulting data files is made using software named "MANTIS" (Mark and Tool Inspection Suite)...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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