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Savannah R Hall, Kristen A Crifasi, Christina M Marinelli, Hon K Yuen
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the contents of each state's occupational therapy (OT) regulatory board requirements regarding licensees' acquisition of continuing education units in the United States of America. Methods: Data related to continuing education requirements from each OT regulatory board of all 50 states and the District of Columbia in the United States were reviewed and categorized by two reviewers. Analysis was conducted based on the categorization of the continuing education requirements and activities required, allowed, and not allowed/not mentioned for continuing education units...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, Miriam Kulkarni, Pedro Tomas-Domingo, Craig Anderson, Denise McCormack, Khoa Tu, Bharath Chakravarthy, Shahram Lotfipour
We evaluated the effectiveness of text messaging, versus email, as a delivery method to enhance knowledge retention of emergency medicine (EM) content in EM residents. We performed a multi-centered, prospective, randomized study consisting of postgraduate year (PGY) 1 to PGY 3 & 4 residents in three United States EM residency programs in 2014. Residents were randomized into one delivery group: text message or email. Participants completed a 40 question pre- and post-intervention exam. Primary outcomes were the means of pre- and post-intervention exam score differences...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Deepthi Alapati, Edward E Morrisey
While our understanding of the genetics and pathology of congenital lung diseases such as surfactant protein deficiency, cystic fibrosis and alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency is extensive, treatment options are lacking. Since the lung is a barrier organ in direct communication with the external environment, targeted delivery of gene corrective technologies to the respiratory system via intra-tracheal or intranasal routes is an attractive option for therapy. CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology is a promising approach to repair or inactivate disease causing mutations...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Christina Mohr Jensen, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
OBJECTIVE: There is conflicting evidence as to whether or not the incidences of affective disorders are on the rise. The aim of the present study was to identify time trends across 16 years in the incidences of affective disorders in a nationwide sample. METHODS: Using the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Registry, age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates of diagnosed affective disorders in Danish psychiatric hospitals using ICD-10 classification were calculated per 100,000 person-years for the population aged 4-65 years during the period 1995-2010...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Chittaranjan Andrade
Patients with schizophrenia have increased prevalence rates for many cardiometabolic risk factors; the prevalence and severity of these risks increase after the institution of antipsychotic medication. Nearly 2 dozen different pharmacologic interventions have been trialed to prevent or attenuate antipsychotic-related cardiometabolic changes. Metformin (usually 1,000-1,500 mg/d) has emerged as the best-studied intervention; in short- and intermediate-duration randomized controlled trials, it has been shown to bring about improvements in weight and other anthropometric indices, in fasting sugar and other glycemic control indices, and in total cholesterol and other lipid metabolism indices...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
E Rudy, K W Bauer, S O Hughes, T M O'Connor, K Vollrath, A Davey, N E M Correa, T-A Chen, J O Fisher
BACKGROUND: Snacking among US preschoolers has increased in recent decades, raising questions about whether snacking contributes to dietary excess. OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to characterize snacking contributions to dietary excess and to evaluate associations with appetite and weight among preschool-aged children. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional, observational study of 187 Hispanic low-income preschoolers. Three 24-h dietary recalls were used to assess snacking frequency and parameters of dietary excess including energy, saturated fat, trans fats and added sugars...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
Helena Mihaljević-Brandt, Lucía Santamaría, Marco Tullney
Despite the increasing number of women graduating in mathematics, a systemic gender imbalance persists and is signified by a pronounced gender gap in the distribution of active researchers and professors. Especially at the level of university faculty, women mathematicians continue being drastically underrepresented, decades after the first affirmative action measures have been put into place. A solid publication record is of paramount importance for securing permanent positions. Thus, the question arises whether the publication patterns of men and women mathematicians differ in a significant way...
2016: PloS One
Mario Santos, Dalane W Kitzman, Kunihiro Matsushita, Laura Loehr, Carla A Sueta, Amil M Shah
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dyspnea and incident heart failure (HF) and myocardial infarction (MI) among patients without previously diagnosed cardiopulmonary disease is unclear. We studied the prognostic relevance of self-reported dyspnea for cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality in persons without previously diagnosed cardiopulmonary disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 10 881 community-dwelling participants (mean age 57±6, 56% women, 25% black) who were free of prevalent cardiopulmonary disease from Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study...
2016: PloS One
Vanessa Pereira Lima, Vinicius C Iamonti, Marcelo Velloso, Tania Janaudis-Ferreira
PURPOSE: The mechanisms underlying physiological limitations during arm activity in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are unknown. The objective of this systematic review was to describe cardiorespiratory responses, symptoms, chest wall kinematics, muscle activity, and lung volumes during arm activity in individuals with COPD relative to the responses of healthy controls. METHODS: Original research articles that compared cardiorespiratory responses, symptoms, muscle activity, chest wall kinematics, and lung function during arm activity between individuals with COPD and healthy controls were identified after searches of 5 electronic databases and reference lists of pertinent articles...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
H Susan J Picavet, Nina Berentzen, Ninotsjka Scheuer, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Bert Brunekreef, Henriette A Smit, Alet Wijga
For musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) among adults, several risk factors are known, but the most important determinant is an earlier episode of MSCs. Research has shifted to younger ages, showing a high prevalence of MSCs among children and adolescents. Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence of MSCs among those growing up from age 11 to 14 and to explore the role of several sociodemographic, growth and development, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors. Data collected at age 11 (n = 2651) and age 14 (n = 2522) in the ongoing Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used...
September 15, 2016: Pain
Emma Dargie, Ronald R Holden, Caroline F Pukall
Millions suffer from chronic vulvar pain (ie, vulvodynia). Vulvodynia represents the intersection of 2 difficult subjects for health care professionals to tackle: sexuality and chronic pain. Those with chronic vulvar pain are often uncomfortable seeking help, and many who do so fail to receive proper diagnoses. The current research developed a multidimensional assessment questionnaire, the Vulvar Pain Assessment Questionnaire (VPAQ) inventory, to assist in the assessment and diagnosis of those with vulvar pain...
August 1, 2016: Pain
See Wan Tham, Tonya M Palermo, Amy Lewandowski Holley, Chuan Zhou, Audun Stubhaug, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Christopher Sivert Nielsen
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) has been used to characterize pain sensitivity in individuals with and without pain conditions. Research remains limited in pediatric populations, hindering the ability to expand the utility of QST toward its potential application in clinical settings and clinical predictive value. The aims of this study were to examine pain sensitivity using QST in adolescents with chronic pain compared to adolescents without chronic pain and identify predictors of pain sensitivity. A population-based study conducted from 2010 to 2011 provided data on 941 adolescents, 197 were classified as having chronic pain and 744 were classified without chronic pain...
September 15, 2016: Pain
Kyle S Beyer, David H Fukuda, Michael J Redd, Jeffrey R Stout, Jay R Hoffman
Beyer, KS, Fukuda, DH, Redd, MJ, Stout, JR, and Hoffman, JR. Player selection bias in National Football League draftees. J Strength Cond Res 30(11): 2965-2971, 2016-Relative age effects (RAEs) have been studied as a potential factor associated with player selection bias in numerous sports. However, little research has examined the role of RAEs among National Football League (NFL) draftees. The purpose of the current study was to determine the existence of RAEs in NFL draftees from the last 10 NFL drafts. Draftee birth dates were collected and divided into calendar and scholastic quarters (SQ1-SQ4)...
November 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Joice Sophia Ponraj, Zai-Quan Xu, Sathish Chander Dhanabalan, Haoran Mu, Yusheng Wang, Jian Yuan, Pengfei Li, Siddharatha Thakur, Mursal Ashrafi, Kenneth Mccoubrey, Yupeng Zhang, Shaojuan Li, Han Zhang, Qiaoliang Bao
Apart from conventional materials, the study of two-dimensional (2D) materials has emerged as a significant field of study for a variety of applications. Graphene-like 2D materials are important elements of potential optoelectronics applications due to their exceptional electronic and optical properties. The processing of these materials towards the realization of devices has been one of the main motivations for the recent development of photonics and optoelectronics. The recent progress in photonic devices based on graphene-like 2D materials, especially topological insulators (TIs) and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) with the methodology level discussions from the viewpoint of state-of-the-art designs in device geometry and materials are detailed in this review...
November 18, 2016: Nanotechnology
Mehrdad Namdari, Ali Eatemadi
Heart valves are currently under thorough investigation in tissue engineering (TE) research. Mechanical and biological heart valve prostheses which are recently used have several shortcomings. While allogenic and xenogenic biological prostheses are related to graft rejection, degeneration and thrombosis, resulting in a high rate of reoperation. Mechanical prostheses on the other hand are based on metallic, carbon, and polymeric components, and require continuous treatment with anticoagulant, which result in adverse reactions, e...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xin Yu Leong, Punniyakoti Veeraveedu Thanikachalam, Manisha Pandey, Srinivasan Ramamurthy
BACKGROUND: Swertiamarin, is a secoiridoid glycoside found in genera of Enicostemma Species (Enicostemma littorale and Enicostemma axillare) belonging to the family of gentianaceae, which has been reported to cure many diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, arthritis, malaria and abdominal ulcers. However, to the best of our knowledge, till date systematic studies to understand the molecular basis of cardiac and metabolic disease preventing properties of swertiamarin has not been reported...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Alexandra B Collins, Carol Strike, Adrian Guta, Rosalind Baltzer Turje, Patrick McDougall, Surita Parashar, Ryan McNeil
BACKGROUND: Compensation for participating in research has been a fundamental element of the research apparatus despite concerns about its impact on incentivising participation. Researchers and research ethics boards acknowledge that compensation may prompt structurally vulnerable populations, such as people who use drugs (PWUD), to engage in research primarily out of financial need. Thus, institutional restrictions around compensation have been implemented. This study explores the ethical implications of compensation practices aimed at 'protecting' structurally vulnerable people living with HIV (PLHIV) who use drugs within the context of individuals' lived realities...
October 22, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Dyann Daley, Michael Bachmann, Brittany A Bachmann, Christian Pedigo, Minh-Thuy Bui, Jamye Coffman
As indicated by research on the long-term effects of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), maltreatment has far-reaching consequences for affected children. Effective prevention measures have been elusive, partly due to difficulty in identifying vulnerable children before they are harmed. This study employs Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM), an analysis of the cumulative effect of environmental factors thought to be conducive for child maltreatment, to create a highly accurate prediction model for future substantiated child maltreatment cases in the City of Fort Worth, Texas...
October 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Jakarwan Yostawonkul, Suvimol Surassmo, Tawin Iempridee, Wittaya Pimtong, Kunat Suktham, Warayuth Sajomsang, Pattarapond Gonil, Uracha Rungsardthong Ruktanonchai
A nanostructure lipid carrier (NLC) composed of solid, and liquid lipid as a core has been developed as a delivery system for hydrophobic drug molecules. The aim of this research was to fabricate an oleoyl-quaternized-chitosan (CS)-coated NLC, where the mucoadhesive property of nanoparticles is enhanced for more efficient drug delivery. NLC loaded with alpha-mangostin (AP), a model hydrophobic drug, were fabricated using a high pressure homogenization process and subsequently coated with CS. The fabricated nanoparticles showed particle sizes in the range of 200-400nm, with low polydispersity, high physical stability and excellent encapsulation efficiency (EE>90%)...
September 29, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Loes A M Leenen, Ben F M Wijnen, Reina J A de Kinderen, Caroline M van Heugten, Silvia M A A Evers, Marian H J M Majoie
INTRODUCTION: Self-management for people with epilepsy (PWE) should lead to shared decision-making and thus to adherence to the treatment plan. eHealth is an important way of supporting PWE in their self-management. METHOD: In this survey, we used a mixed method to explore the following: 1) which factors were monitored by PWE and how (using pen and paper or eHealth-tools), 2) how many PWE own a computer or smartphone, and 3) how do they perceive the use of eHealth...
October 22, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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