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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667794/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-cosmetic-practice
#1
Helena Kuhn, Paulo R Cunha, Natalie H Matthews, George Kroumpouzos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with a slight or imagined flaw in appearance that causes significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. The disease is more prevalent among patients who seek aesthetic procedures as compared with population standards or individuals that are not interested in aesthetic surgery. Several studies have indicated that BDD symptoms typically worsen after an aesthetic procedure because the preoccupation shifts to a different body area. This article discusses the demographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidity, assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of BDD...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667326/total-glossolaryngectomy-cohort-study-n-25-survival-function-and-quality-of-life
#2
Yasmine Kamhieh, Hannah Fox, Sarah Healy, Emma Hallett, Stuart Quine, David Owens, Alun Tomkinson, Cellan Thomas, David Smith, Duncan Ingrams, Carl Passant, Laysan Pope, Connor Marnane, Sandeep Berry
Glossolaryngectomy is a major operation with significant biopsychosocial implications. Outcome data in the literature is limited. This study reports the overall survival rate (68% at 1 year) and functional outcomes. Despite the significant psychological impact of the lack of speech, all interviewed patients were glad they had had the operation. We argue based on these results that glossolaryngectomy remains an important option for certain motivated patients with limited treatment alternatives. This article is protected by copyright...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665855/dutch-citizens-of-turkish-origin-who-utilize-healthcare-services-in-turkey-a-qualitative-study-on-motives-and-contextual-factors
#3
Aydın Şekercan, Anke J Woudstra, Ron J G Peters, Majda Lamkaddem, Seval Akgün, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot
BACKGROUND: Dutch residents of Turkish origin frequently utilize healthcare in Turkey. METHODS: To investigate their motives for doing so, we conducted a qualitative study among these healthcare users using semi-structured interviews. We complemented this with informal conversations with Turkish healthcare providers and observations at the registration offices and waiting rooms of outpatient clinics in several Turkish hospitals. RESULTS: Respondents believed their perceived needs for referral to specialist care and diagnostic assessments to quantify their health were not being met in the Netherlands...
April 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665702/current-weight-management-approaches-used-by-primary-care-providers-in-six-multidisciplinary-healthcare-settings-in-ontario
#4
Stephanie Aboueid, Monika Jasinska, Ivy Bourgeault, Isabelle Giroux
Background Obesity management in primary care has been suboptimal due to lack of access to allied health professionals, time, and resources. Purpose To understand the weight management approaches used by primary care providers working in team-based settings and how they assess the most suitable approach for a patient. Methods A total of 20 primary care providers (13 nurse practitioners and 7 family physicians) working in 6 multidisciplinary clinics in Ontario were interviewed. All interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using NVivo qualitative software...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659819/mindfulness-based-lifestyle-programs-for-the-self-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-australia
#5
Brooke E Vandenberg, Jenny Advocat, Craig Hassed, Jennifer Hester, Joanne Enticott, Grant Russell
Despite emerging evidence suggesting positive outcomes of mindfulness training for the self-management of other neurodegenerative diseases, limited research has explored its effect on the self-management of Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to characterize the experiences of individuals participating in a facilitated, group mindfulness-based lifestyle program for community living adults with Stage 2 PD and explore how the program influenced beliefs about self-management of their disease. Our longitudinal qualitative study was embedded within a randomized controlled trial exploring the impact of a 6-week mindfulness-based lifestyle program on patient-reported function...
April 11, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659707/therapist-client-interactions-in-motivational-interviewing-the-effect-of-therapists-utterances-on-client-change-talk
#6
Michael Brown, Ciara Masterson, Gary Latchford, Gillian Tober
Aims: Motivational Interviewing is an effective treatment for a range of problematic behaviours, however, previous studies have revealed substantial variability in the effectiveness of therapists. Curiously, the specific behaviours which contribute to positive outcomes have rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate hypothesised relationships between therapists' utterances and clients' change talk by analysing interactions sampled from the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT)...
April 12, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658764/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-family-mediation-with-and-without-motivational-interviewing
#7
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658399/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-barber-perceptions-of-the-feasibility-of-the-employer-as-a-health-advisor-for-obesity-prevention
#8
Siddhartha Roy, Andrew R Hansen, Levi Ross, Rebecca Larson
Obesity has become a serious issue affecting millions of Americans, especially in the southern United States. One avenue for addressing obesity is the workplace setting. This formative research study examined the feasibility of an obesity prevention worksite intervention in the barbershop for African American barbershop owners (employers) and barbers (employees). The study proposes an intervention where the owner of the barbershop would be trained to educate his barbers about obesity prevention. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with the owners ( n = 5) and barbers ( n = 15) of five barbershops in Statesboro, Georgia, to determine the feasibility of the intervention...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656865/when-and-how-do-brief-alcohol-interventions-in-primary-care-reduce-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-consequences-among-adolescents
#9
Amanda S Newton, Christopher Mushquash, Marvin Krank, T Cameron Wild, Michele P Dyson, Lisa Hartling, Sherry H Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To systematically describe when and how brief alcohol interventions delivered to adolescents in primary care settings reduce alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among adolescents, using realist review methodology. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven electronic databases, gray literature, and reference screening were searched up to June 2016; 11 brief interventions published in 13 studies met inclusion criteria. Intervention design components (delivery context and intervention mechanisms) underlying brief alcohol interventions for adolescents were extracted and linked to alcohol use and related consequences...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656474/assessment-of-motivation-levels-and-associated-factors-among-the-nursing-staff-of-tertiary-level-government-hospitals
#10
Rahul Pandey, Sonu Goel, Vipin Koushal
The present study assessed the motivation level of nurses working in 3 highly decorated tertiary-level government hospitals of India and also underpins the factors attributing to motivation levels. A sequential mixed-method design was used in this study wherein 400 nurses working in 5 units of nursing care in the hospitals were enrolled based upon proportionate random stratified sampling techniques. A self-administered questionnaire with Likert scale was developed based upon scale used by Mbindyo et al. The attributes of motivation were then categorized into external and internal attributes...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656439/investigating-the-motives-of-patients-with-knee-oa-undergoing-a-tkr-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Line Traumer, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Kathrine Hoffmann Kusk, Søren Thorgaard Skou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653255/promoting-father-involvement-for-child-and-family-health
#12
REVIEW
Brandon S Allport, Sara Johnson, Anushka Aqil, Alain B Labrique, Timothy Nelson, Angela Kc, Yorghos Carabas, Arik V Marcell
Paternal involvement in children's lives is associated with a variety of child outcomes, from improved cognition and mental health to reduced obesity rates and asthma exacerbations. Given this evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics has promoted actions by pediatricians to engage fathers in pediatric care. Despite these recommendations, the mother-child dyad remains a frequent focus of care, rather than the mother-father-child triad. Furthermore, pediatric care is often leveraged to improve maternal health, such as screening for maternal depression, but paternal health is infrequently addressed even as men tend to exhibit riskier behaviors, poorer primary care utilization, and lower life expectancy...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650283/-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-2018
#13
REVIEW
J Abdul-Kader, G Airagnes, S D'almeida, F Limosin, A-L Le Faou
Smoking cessation treatments have been proved effective to stop smoking. For pharmacological treatments, nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) as well as bupropion allow to increase 6 month-abstinence rates by more than 80% in comparison with placebo while varenicline prescription doubles success rates in the same conditions. These results mean that for 10 smokers who quit with placebo, 18 are expected to quit with NRT or bupropion and 28 are expected to quit with varenicline. Varenicline is 50% more effective than nicotine patch and 70% more effective than nicotine gum...
April 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649021/impressions-of-early-mobilization-of-critically-ill-children-clinician-patient-and-family-perspectives
#14
Katina Zheng, Aimee Sarti, Sama Boles, Saoirse Cameron, Robert Carlisi, Heather Clark, Adeeb Khawaji, Saif Awladthani, Samah Al-Harbi, Karen Choong
OBJECTIVES: To understand patient, family caregiver, and clinician impressions of early mobilization, the perceived barriers and facilitators to its implementation, and the use of in-bed cycling as a method of mobilization. DESIGN: A qualitative study, conducted as part of the Early Exercise in Critically ill Youth and Children, a preliminary Evaluation (wEECYCLE) Pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: McMaster Children's Hospital PICU, Hamilton, ON, Canada...
April 11, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648960/running-out-of-time-exploring-women-s-motivations-for-social-egg-freezing
#15
Kylie Baldwin, Lorraine Culley, Nicky Hudson, Helene Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Few qualitative studies have explored women's use of social egg freezing. Derived from an interview study of 31 participants, this article explores the motivations of women using this technology. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 31 users of social egg freezing resident in UK (n = 23), USA (n = 7) and Norway (n = 1). Interviews were face to face (n = 16), through Skype and Facetime (n = 9) or by telephone (n = 6)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648860/motivation-and-readiness-for-tobacco-cessation-among-nicotine-dependent-postmenopausal-females-a-pilot-study
#16
MacKenzie R Peltier, Melanie R Roys, Aaron F Waters, Christine Vinci, Krystal M Waldo, Shelby A Stewart, Robert C Toups, Louis Jones, Amy L Copeland
Despite considerable health risks due to lower levels of estrogen production and the compounding antiestrogenic effects of nicotine, postmenopausal females continue to smoke. These females face significant barriers to cessation, including negative affect, weight concerns, and menopausal symptom severity. The current pilot study explored the effect of negative affect, weight concerns, and menopausal symptom severity on motivation and readiness to quit smoking. Eighteen postmenopausal smokers were randomized to receive brief motivational interviewing (B-MI; n = 8) or control treatment (i...
April 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648853/individualized-motivational-plans-in-batterer-intervention-programs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Marisol Lila, Enrique Gracia, Alba Catalá-Miñana
OBJECTIVE: Treatment compliance and motivation to change are among the main challenges to improving batterer intervention program (BIP) effectiveness. This study examined whether adding an individualized motivational plan (IMP) to a standard BIP (SBIP) increased intervention effectiveness relative to BIP alone. METHOD: One hundred sixty males convicted of intimate partner violence were randomly assigned to receive 70 hr of either SBIP or SBIP plus IMP. The IMP is based on motivational interviewing, stages of change, and strength-based theory principles...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645327/exploring-cancer-survivors-views-of-health-behavior-change-where-do-you-start-where-do-you-stop-with-everything
#18
Teresa Corbett, Tara Cheetham, Andre Matthias Müller, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Laura Wilde, Adele Krusche, Alison Richardson, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet can improve the well-being of cancer survivors. However, cancer survivors often do not engage in these behaviours. This study aimed to explore barriers and facilitators to engaging in these behaviours following cancer treatment. METHODS: During the development of a web-based intervention to enhance health-related quality of life in cancer survivors, 32 people who had completed treatment for breast, colon or prostate cancer were presented with an intervention for PA and healthy eating...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644932/the-starr-county-border-health-initiative-focus-groups-on-diabetes-prevention-in-mexican-americans
#19
Sharon A Brown, William B Perkison, Alexandra A García, Heather E Cuevas, Mary M Velasquez, Mary A Winter, Craig L Hanis
Purpose The purpose of the study was to conduct focus groups with Mexican Americans in an impoverished rural community on the Texas-Mexico border to identify current barriers to adopting healthier lifestyles and to obtain recommendations for diabetes prevention. Methods Three separate 2-hour focus groups were led by an experienced bilingual Mexican American moderator. Interviews included questions about cultural factors and barriers that influence lifestyle behaviors, aspects of previous diabetes self-management interventions that were helpful for motivating behavioral change, and recommendations for diabetes prevention...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643739/experiences-expectations-and-challenges-of-an-interactive-mobile-phone-based-system-to-support-self-management-of-hypertension-patients-and-professionals-perspectives
#20
Inger Hallberg, Agneta Ranerup, Ulrika Bengtsson, Karin Kjellgren
Background: A well-controlled blood pressure (BP) reduces cardiovascular complications. Patient participation in care using technology may improve the current situation of only 13.8% of adults diagnosed with hypertension worldwide having their BP under control. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore patients' and professionals' experiences of and expectations for an interactive mobile phone-based system to support self-management of hypertension. Methods: The self-management system consists of: 1) a mobile phone platform for self-reports, motivational messages and reminders; 2) a device for measuring BP and 3) graphical feedback of self-reports...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
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