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motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471587/managing-unsolicited-findings-in-genomics-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-cancer-patients
#1
R M Bijlsma, R H P Wouters, H Wessels, A M May, M G E M Ausems, E E Voest, A L Bredenoord
OBJECTIVE: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is increasingly being employed in the context of personalized cancer treatment. Anticipating unsolicited findings that may arise during a NGS procedure is a key consideration; however, little is known about cancer patients' intentions, needs, and preferences concerning the return of unsolicited findings. METHODS: A qualitative design using individual semi-structured interviews with 24 cancer patients was utilized to explore patients' decisions on whether to receive unsolicited findings from NGS...
February 22, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471331/cross-cultural-validation-and-extension-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms-cains-in-the-chinese-context-evidence-from-a-spectrum-perspective
#2
Dong-Jie Xie, Hai-Song Shi, Simon S Y Lui, Chuan Shi, Ying Li, Karen K Y Ho, Karen S Y Hung, Wen-Xiu Li, Zheng-Hui Yi, Eric F C Cheung, Ann M Kring, Raymond C K Chan
The Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) was designed in accordance with the recent theory and research in social affective neuroscience and to address the psychometric and conceptual limitations of other instruments assessing negative symptoms. The present study aimed to provide a large-scale validation of the CAINS in China and examine its applicability and validity evidence across the schizophrenia spectrum. Using confirmatory factor analysis, our results replicated the original findings in the US development samples that the CAINS possesses a stable 2-factor structure, namely "motivation/pleasure" and "expression"...
February 20, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470814/continuing-professional-development-in-maternal-health-care-barriers-to-applying-new-knowledge-and-skills-in-the-hospitals-of-rwanda
#3
Germaine Tuyisenge, Celestin Hategeka, Isaac Luginaah, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, David Cechetto, Stephen Rulisa
Objectives Training healthcare professionals in emergency maternal healthcare is a critical component of improving overall maternal health in developing countries like Rwanda. This paper explored the challenges that healthcare professionals who participated in a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program on Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics® (ALSO) face in putting the learned knowledge and skills into practice in hospitals of Rwanda. Methods This study used a mixed methods approach to understand the challenges/barriers to applying new knowledge and skills in the hospitals of Rwanda...
February 22, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469651/-i-m-scared-of-the-disappointment-young-adult-smokers-relational-identity-gaps-and-management-strategies-as-sites-of-communication-intervention
#4
Samantha J Stanley, Margaret Jane Pitts
While cigarette smoking is decreasing among young adults, rates of nicotine consumption through other devices, most notably electronic cigarettes, are on the rise. Framed by communication theory of identity, this study examines young adult smokers' experiences with relational others in regard to their smoking. Focus group discussions and individual interviews convened with 20 young adult cigarette and electronic cigarette smokers revealed identity gaps implicating the relational layer of identity, including personal-relational, enacted-relational, and personal-enacted-relational identity gaps...
February 22, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468772/the-personal-and-community-impact-of-a-scottish-men-s-shed
#5
Emma J Foster, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Stephen J Leslie
Social isolation and loneliness are known to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reducing social isolation and loneliness may improve such outcomes. In relation to men's health, "Men's Sheds" have been shown as one mechanism to achieve this. Studies in Australia and England have shown social, health and personal benefits; however, this remains an area that has not yet been researched in Scotland. This study, therefore, aimed to assess the characteristics of attendees, self-reported motivations for and the values and benefits of attending the Shed from the views of the attendees themselves...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468084/a-development-study-and-randomised-feasibility-trial-of-a-tailored-intervention-to-improve-activity-and-reduce-falls-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#6
Rowan H Harwood, Veronika van der Wardt, Sarah E Goldberg, Fiona Kearney, Pip Logan, Vicky Hood-Moore, Vicky Booth, Jennie E Hancox, Tahir Masud, Zoe Hoare, Andrew Brand, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Carys Jones, Roshan das Nair, Kristian Pollock, Maureen Godfrey, John R F Gladman, Kavita Vedhara, Helen Smith, Martin Orrell
Background: People with dementia progressively lose abilities and are prone to falling. Exercise- and activity-based interventions hold the prospect of increasing abilities, reducing falls, and slowing decline in cognition. Current falls prevention approaches are poorly suited to people with dementia, however, and are of uncertain effectiveness. We used multiple sources, and a co-production approach, to develop a new intervention, which we will evaluate in a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), with embedded adherence, process and economic analyses...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467033/correction-to-testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-motivational-interviewing-based-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-as-an-adjunct-to-usual-care-in-community-based-aids-service-organizations-study-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Bryan R Garner, Heather J Gotham, Stephen J Tueller, Elizabeth L Ball, David Kaiser, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, Steve Martino
Upon publication of the original article.
February 21, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463491/a-smartphone-app-to-promote-an-active-lifestyle-in-lower-educated-working-young-adults-development-usability-acceptability-and-feasibility-study
#8
Dorien Simons, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Katrien De Cocker, Corneel Vandelanotte, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are problematic in lower-educated working young adults (18-26 years). To promote PA, smartphone apps have great potential, but there is no evidence for their effectiveness in this population. To increase the likelihood that a newly developed app will be effective, formative research and user testing are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility of a new theory- and evidence-based smartphone app to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults...
February 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463490/motivational-interviewing-and-medication-review-in-coronary-heart-disease-mimeric-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-effects-on-clinical-outcomes-adherence-and-quality-of-life
#9
Malin Johansson Östbring, Tommy Eriksson, Göran Petersson, Lina Hellström
BACKGROUND: Preventive treatment goals for blood pressure and cholesterol levels continue to be unmet for many coronary patients. The effect of drug treatment depends on both its appropriateness and the patients' adherence to the treatment regimen. There is a need for adherence interventions that have a measurable effect on clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effects on treatment goals of an intervention designed to improve patient adherence and treatment quality in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease...
February 20, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463245/fatigue-in-chronically-critically-ill-patients-following-intensive-care-reliability-and-validity-of-the-multidimensional-fatigue-inventory-mfi-20
#10
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: Fatigue often occurs as long-term complication in chronically critically ill (CCI) patients after prolonged intensive care treatment. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) has been established as valid instrument to measure fatigue in a wide range of medical illnesses. Regarding the measurement of fatigue in CCI patients, the psychometric properties of the MFI-20 have not been investigated so far. Thus, the present study examines reliability and validity of the MFI-20 in CCI patients...
February 20, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461908/improving-early-palliative-care-with-a-scalable-stepped-peer-navigator-and-social-work-intervention-a-single-arm-clinical-trial
#11
David B Bekelman, Rachel Johnson-Koenke, Daniel W Bowles, Stacy M Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer could benefit from early primary (i.e., basic) palliative care. Scalable models of care delivery are needed. OBJECTIVE: Examine the feasibility of a stepped peer navigator and social work intervention developed to improve palliative care outcomes. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective clinical trial. The peer navigator educated patients to advocate for pain and symptom management with their healthcare providers, motivated patients to pursue advance care planning, and discussed the role of hospice...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461622/fidelity-of-motivational-interviewing-in-an-american-indian-oral-health-intervention
#12
Anne R Wilson, Karen A Fehringer, William G Henderson, Kamilla Venner, Jacob Thomas, Maya M Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Judith Albino
OBJECTIVES: Assess fidelity of a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention focused on preventing early childhood caries in a cohort of American Indian mothers with newborns. METHODS: Four interventionists were trained to administer an oral health MI intervention. The MI sessions were audio recorded to enable scoring as part of fidelity studies to assess the interventionist's degree of competence in using MI principles. Evaluation of the interventionists was completed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) 3...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461487/understanding-the-role-of-negative-emotions-in-adult-learning-and-achievement-a-social-functional-perspective
#13
Anna D Rowe, Julie Fitness
The role of emotions in adult learning and achievement has received increasing attention in recent years. However, much of the emphasis has been on test anxiety, rather than the wider spectrum of negative emotions such as sadness, grief, boredom and anger. This paper reports findings of a qualitative study exploring the experience and functionality of negative emotions at university. Thirty-six academic staff and students from an Australian university were interviewed about emotional responses to a range of learning events...
February 20, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461308/interprofessional-communities-of-practice-in-continuing-medical-education-for-promoting-and-sustaining-practice-change-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Megan Barker, Julia Lecce, Anna Ivanova, Laurie Zawertailo, Rosa Dragonetti, Peter Selby
INTRODUCTION: Standard knowledge delivery formats for CME may have limited impact on long-term practice change. A community of practice (CoP) is one tool that may enhance competencies and support practice change. This study explores the utility of an interprofessional CoP as an adjunct to a CME program in tobacco addiction treatment (Training Enhancement in Applied Counselling and Health [TEACH] Project) to promote and sustain practice change. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was utilized to examine the long-term impact of the TEACH CoP on practice change...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461283/the-impact-of-education-about-cervical-cancer-and-human-papillomavirus-on-women-s-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-beliefs-using-the-precede-educational-model
#15
Zeliha Koç, Emel Kurtoğlu Özdeş, Serap Topatan, Tuğba Çinarli, Asuman Şener, Esra Danaci, Cansu Atmaca Palazoğlu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of cervical cancer improves the chances of successful treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of education about cervical cancer and human papillomavirus on the healthy lifestyle, behavior, and beliefs of Turkish women who were without cancer, using the PRECEDE education model. METHODS: This qualitative and quantitative study was conducted as a prospective, randomized, 2-group (intervention and control) trial at a community training center in north Turkey...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459838/characterizing-and-measuring-maliciousness-for-cybersecurity-risk-assessment
#16
REVIEW
Zoe M King, Diane S Henshel, Liberty Flora, Mariana G Cains, Blaine Hoffman, Char Sample
Cyber attacks have been increasingly detrimental to networks, systems, and users, and are increasing in number and severity globally. To better predict system vulnerabilities, cybersecurity researchers are developing new and more holistic approaches to characterizing cybersecurity system risk. The process must include characterizing the human factors that contribute to cyber security vulnerabilities and risk. Rationality, expertise, and maliciousness are key human characteristics influencing cyber risk within this context, yet maliciousness is poorly characterized in the literature...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458515/a-pilot-feasibility-study-to-improve-food-parenting-practices
#17
Amy M Moore, Mary Clair-Michaud, Kathleen J Melanson, Alison Tovar
OBJECTIVES: We examined the feasibility and acceptability of a novel home-based intervention to improve the food parenting practices of low-income mothers with preschool-aged children. METHODS: Mother-child dyads (N = 15) were recruited from WIC in southern Rhode Island. A non-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used to assess changes in maternal food parenting practices. Dyads participated in 3 home-based sessions that included baseline measures and an evening meal video recording at session 1, a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention that included feedback on the evening meal video recording at session 2, and a satisfaction ques- tionnaire at session 3...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458348/patients-and-caregivers-experiences-of-using-continuous-glucose-monitoring-to-support-diabetes-self-management-qualitative-study
#18
J Lawton, M Blackburn, J Allen, F Campbell, D Elleri, L Leelarathna, D Rankin, M Tauschmann, H Thabit, R Hovorka
BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) enables users to view real-time interstitial glucose readings and provides information on the direction and rate of change of blood glucose levels. Users can also access historical data to inform treatment decisions. While the clinical and psychological benefits of CGM are well established, little is known about how individuals use CGM to inform diabetes self-management. We explored participants' experiences of using CGM in order to provide recommendations for supporting individuals to make optimal use of this technology...
February 20, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457304/-everyone-has-an-agenda-professionals-understanding-and-negotiation-of-risk-within-the-guardianship-system-of-victoria-australia
#19
Aaron Wyllie, Bernadette J Saunders
It is frequently asserted that pressures to assess and manage risk have eroded the therapeutic, rights-based foundation of the human services profession. Some argue that human service workers operate in a culture of fear in which self-protection and blame avoidance, rather than clients' needs, primarily drive decision-making. In the field of Adult Guardianship, it has been suggested that organisational risk avoidance may be motivating applications for substitute decision-makers, unnecessarily curtailing clients' rights and freedoms...
February 19, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456426/influences-on-diabetes-self-management-education-participation-in-a-low-income-spanish-speaking-latino-population
#20
Jill Testerman, Dian Chase
Objective: To investigate influences on participation in diabetes self-management education (DSME) classes in a low-income, Spanish-speaking, Latino population. Methods: Fifteen patients from an Oregon clinic participated in semi-structured interviews designed to understand influences on their participation in DSME classes, and the authors conducted a thematic analysis. Results: Four themes characterized the data: 1 ) limited resources, 2 ) culture, 3 ) relationship with diabetes, and 4 ) relationship with clinic...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
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