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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550417/motivational-interviewing-for-workers-with-disabling-musculoskeletal-disorders-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#1
Joanne Park, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose Although functional restoration programs appear effective in assisting injured workers to return-to-work (RTW) after a work related musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder, the addition of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to these programs may result in higher RTW. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial with claimants attending an occupational rehabilitation facility from November 17, 2014 to June 30, 2015. Six clinicians provided MI in addition to the standard functional restoration program and formed an intervention group...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550383/-you-can-carry-the-torch-now-a-qualitative-analysis-of-parents-experiences-caring-for-a-child-with-trisomy-13-or-18
#2
Joshua D Arthur, Divya Gupta
Trisomy 13 and 18 (T 13/18) are rare chromosomal abnormalities associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improved survival rates and increased prevalence of aggressive medical intervention have resulted in families and physicians holding different perspectives regarding the appropriate management of children with T 13/18. Families were invited for open-ended interviews regarding their experiences with the medical care of a child with T 13/18 over the past 5 years. Seven of 33 invited families were surveyed; those who had spent more than 40 days in the hospital were most likely to accept the invitation (OR 8...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549609/development-and-validation-of-cf-medication-beliefs-questionnaire-a-mixed-methods-approach
#3
Michelle N Eakin, Shang-En Chung, Jessica Hoehn, Belinda Borrelli, Devin Rand-Giovannetti, Kristin A Riekert
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about medication have been associated with adherence in other diseases but there are no existing disease-specific medication beliefs questionnaires for CF. This mixed-methods validated the Cystic Fibrosis Medication Belief Questionnaire (CF-MBQ), based on social cognitive theory. METHODS: Based on previous research, items were developed for five domains: motivation, self-efficacy, perceived importance, and decisional balance to take or miss medications...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549250/the-clinical-communication-and-information-challenges-associated-with-the-psychosexual-aspects-of-prostate-cancer-treatment
#4
Susan A Speer, Samantha R Tucker, Rebecca McPhillips, Sarah Peters
RATIONALE: Prostate cancer and its treatment have significant sexual side effects that necessitate timely patient information and open communication with healthcare professionals. However, very little is known about men's experiences of talking to clinicians about the psychosexual difficulties associated with the disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to advance understanding of men's perceptions of the communication and information challenges associated with the psychosexual aspects of prostate cancer and its treatment...
May 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549180/relationships-among-self-perception-of-aging-physical-functioning-and-self-efficacy-in-late-life
#5
Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria H Raveis
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549161/cigarette-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-buprenorphine-treatment-patients
#6
Sharon M Hall, Gary Humfleet, James Gasper, Kevin L Delucchi, David Hersh, Joseph Guydish
Introduction: Patients receiving Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT) for opioid use disorder have high cigarette smoking rates. Cigarette smoking interventions have had limited success. We evaluated an intervention to increase cigarette abstinence rates in patients receiving buprenorphine-assisted therapy. Methods: Cigarette smokers (N=175; 78% male; 69% Caucasian; 20% Hispanic), recruited from a buprenorphine clinic were randomly assigned to either an extended innovative system intervention (E-ISI) or to Standard Treatment Control (STC)...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549156/early-subjective-sensory-experiences-with-cigalike-e-cigarettes-among-african-american-menthol-smokers-a-qualitative-study
#7
Sabrina L Smiley, Teresa DeAtley, Leslie F Rubin, Emily Harvey, Elexis C Kierstead, Monica Webb Hooper, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Jennifer L Pearson
Introduction: Despite smoker interest in e-cigarettes as a harm reduction or cessation aid, many smokers prematurely discontinue vaping after trying a product. This study explored the role of early subjective sensory experience in vaping persistence and desistence. Methods: African American menthol cigarette smokers aged ≥18 years (n=15; M=54.1 years; SD=8.2), motivated to quit smoking, and interested in trying e-cigarettes were recruited in Washington, D.C. Participants were followed for three weeks and provided menthol cigalike e-cigarettes after week one...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548619/stages-of-change-model-has-limited-value-in-explaining-the-change-in-use-of-cannabis-among-adolescent-participants-in-an-efficacious-motivational-interviewing-intervention
#8
Hans B Dupont, Math J J M Candel, Paul Lemmens, Charles D Kaplan, Dike van de Mheen, Nanne K De Vries
Previously, a Dutch randomized controlled trial evaluating an intervention aimed at changing adolescents' cannabis use, called Moti-4, has shown its efficacy. A secondary analysis of the Moti-4 data investigated the process of change specified by the Stage of Change (SOC) model in cannabis use during the trial. Seventy-one Moti-4 participants and 60 controls were recruited for the study with a pre-test, post-test (T1), and six-month follow-up (T2). All participants showed signs of problematic cannabis use. No contribution of the Moti-4 intervention to a change in SOC between T1 and T2 was found...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545500/strengthening-capacity-to-research-the-social-determinants-of-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-from-the-intrec-programme
#9
Nicholas Henschke, Anna Mirny, Joke A Haafkens, Heribert Ramroth, Siwi Padmawati, Martin Bangha, Lisa Berkman, Laksono Trisnantoro, Yulia Blomstedt, Heiko Becher, Osman Sankoh, Peter Byass, John Kinsman
BACKGROUND: The INDEPTH Training & Research Centres of Excellence (INTREC) collaboration developed a training programme to strengthen social determinants of health (SDH) research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It was piloted among health- and demographic researchers from 9 countries in Africa and Asia. The programme followed a blended learning approach and was split into three consecutive teaching blocks over a 12-month period: 1) an online course of 7 video lectures and assignments on the theory of SDH research; 2) a 2-week qualitative and quantitative methods workshop; and 3) a 1-week data analysis workshop...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545416/the-role-of-indonesian-patients-health-behaviors-in-delaying-the-diagnosis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
R Fles, A C R K Bos, Supriyati, D Rachmawati, E Waliyanti, I B Tan, S M Haryana, M K Schmidt, F S T Dewi
BACKGROUND: With an estimated 13,000 newly diagnosed patients per year, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common types of cancer in males in Indonesia. Moreover, most patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease. This study aimed to explore the health behaviors of patients diagnosed with NPC and the possible causes of patient delay in NPC diagnosis. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used to gain better insight into patient behaviors...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544056/exploring-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-needs-of-advance-care-planning-in-older-chinese-australians
#11
S S Yap, K Chen, K M Detering, S A Fraser
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence the engagement of Chinese-Australians with advance care planning (ACP). BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of ACP there is a low prevalence of ACP in the Chinese-Australian community. Reasons for this are often cited as cultural considerations and taboos surrounding future medical planning and death, however, other logistical factors may also be important. DESIGN: This qualitative study used a thematic analysis grounded theory approach to explore facilitators and barriers to engagement in ACP...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543618/-i-try-to-make-a-net-around-each-patient-home-care-nursing-as-relational-practice
#12
Kristin Bjornsdottir
BACKGROUND: As a result of restructuring, home care is increasingly defined in a narrow, task-based way, undermining the holistic nature of practice. Recent practice theories can aid us in articulating the nature of this important, yet often invisible practice. AIM: My aim in this article was to enhance our knowledge and understanding of the nature of home care nursing practice. METHOD: The approach was ethnographic, involving extensive fieldwork and formal interviews with members of five home care nursing teams and 15 older persons receiving care at home in a metropolitan area of Iceland...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542063/drivers-motivating-community-health-improvement-plan-completion-by-local-public-health-agencies-and-community-partners-in-the-rocky-mountain-region-and-western-plains
#13
Anne Hill, Holly J Wolf, Elaine Scallan, Jenny Case, Yvonne Kellar-Guenther
CONTEXT: There are numerous drivers that motivate completion of community health improvement plans (CHIPs). Some are more obvious and include voluntary public health accreditation, state requirements, federal and state funding, and nonprofit hospital requirements through IRS regulations. Less is known about other drivers, including involvement of diverse partners and belief in best practices, that may motivate CHIP completion. OBJECTIVE: This research investigated the drivers that motivated CHIP completion based on experiences of 51 local public health agencies (LPHAs)...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541430/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-prototype-consumer-reporting-system-for-patient-safety-events
#14
Saul N Weingart, Joel S Weissman, Karen P Zimmer, Robert C Giannini, Denise D Quigley, Lauren E Hunter, M Susan Ridgely, Eric C Schneider
Objective: No methodologically robust system exists for capturing consumer-generated patient safety reports. To address this challenge, we developed and pilot-tested a prototype consumer reporting system for patient safety, the Health Care Safety Hotline. Design: Mixed methods evaluation. Setting: The Hotline was implemented in two US healthcare systems from 1 February 2014 through 30 June 2015. Participants: Patients, family members and caregivers associated with two US healthcare systems...
May 24, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540899/gender-differences-in-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-general-population-towards-organ-donation-an-indian-perspective
#15
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, T S Sunitha, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Bada Math
Globally, shortage of organs available for organ transplantation is a major problem. Studies assessing awareness and attitudes towards organ donation are limited from India. The aim of this study is to assess gender differences in the perceptions and attitude of general population toward organ donation. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among randomly selected patient relatives (n = 193) at the outpatient department of a tertiary care center. Data were collected through face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540621/universal-brca1-brca2-testing-for-ovarian-cancer-patients-is-welcomed-but-with-care-how-women-and-staff-contextualize-experiences-of-expanded-access
#16
Hannah Shipman, Samantha Flynn, Carey F MacDonald-Smith, James Brenton, Robin Crawford, Marc Tischkowitz, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams
Decreasing costs of genetic testing and advances in treatment for women with cancer with germline BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations have heralded more inclusive genetic testing programs. The Genetic Testing in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (GTEOC) Study, investigates the feasibility and acceptability of offering genetic testing to all women recently diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (universal genetic testing or UGT). Study participants and staff were interviewed to: (i) assess the impact of UGT (ii) integrate patients' and staff perspectives in the development of new UGT programs...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540402/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-survivors-acceptance-of-and-preferences-for-consumer-wearable-technology-activity-trackers
#17
Nga H Nguyen, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Melissa M Moore, Dori E Rosenberg, Chris Lynch, Marina M Reeves, Brigid M Lynch
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are common amongst breast cancer survivors. These behaviours are associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as heart disease, diabetes and other cancers. Commercially available, wearable activity trackers (WATs) have potential utility as behavioural interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour within this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the acceptability and usability of consumer WAT amongst postmenopausal breast cancer survivors...
May 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539895/individual-difference-variables-and-the-occurrence-and-effectiveness-of-faking-behavior-in-interviews
#18
Anne-Kathrin Buehl, Klaus G Melchers
There is widespread fear that applicants can fake during selection interviews and that this impairs the quality of selection decisions. Several theories assume that faking occurrence is influenced by personality and attitudes, which together influence applicants' motivation to show faking behavior. However, for faking behavior to be effective, interviewees also need certain skills and abilities. To investigate the impact of several relevant individual difference variables on faking behavior and interview success, we conducted two studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539092/work-remains-meaningful-despite-time-out-of-the-workplace-and-chronic-pain
#19
Sara Saunders, Bernadette Nedelec, Ellen MacEachen
PURPOSE: Although work has been found to be meaningful and a source of motivation to return to work in certain disabled populations, it was unclear if this was also true for people experiencing a long period of unemployment and job loss due to a musculoskeletal injury. Therefore, the aim of this phenomenological study was to explore the meaning of work for those with chronic work disability due to a musculoskeletal injury. METHOD: The data from 27 interviews, conducted with 9 participants, was analyzed using the Empirical Phenomenological Psychological method...
May 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537951/an-interprofessional-course-on-substance-use-disorders-for-health-professions-students
#20
Andrew J Muzyk, Chris Tew, Allie Thomas-Fannin, Sanjai Dayal, Reina Maeda, Nicole Schramm-Sapyta, Kathryn M Andolsek, Shelley Holmer
PROBLEM: Substance use disorders (SUDs) affect millions of Americans. Nevertheless, there is insufficient health care resource allocation for these patients. One reason may be the lack of education and training about SUDs in health professions programs. APPROACH: The authors developed a required, interprofessional SUDs course for health professions students completing a one-month psychiatry clerkship within the Duke University Health System starting in November 2015...
May 23, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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