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motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912960/understanding-women-s-uptake-and-adherence-in-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-papua-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#1
Christina Lumbantoruan, Michelle Kermode, Aloisius Giyai, Agnes Ang, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: Despite a more proactive approach to reducing new HIV infections in infants through lifelong treatment (Option B+ policy) for infected pregnant women, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) has not been fully effective in Papua, Indonesia. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the second greatest risk factor for HIV infection in the community, and an elimination target of <1% MTCT has not yet been achieved. The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of the implementation of Option B+ for PMTCT in Papua through investigation of facilitators and barriers to women's uptake and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the program...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912659/adolescents-perspectives-on-everyday-life-with-obesity-a-qualitative-study
#2
Gudbjørg Øen, Bente Kvilhaugsvik, Kari Eldal, Anne-Grethe Halding
PURPOSE: This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the perspectives and life experiences of adolescents living with obesity. METHODS: Five adolescents living with obesity were involved in repeated interviews, and qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: obesity as a multi-faceted and difficult to solve condition; obesity as a shameful and vulnerable subject; and bullying and fragile social relationships...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911511/adherence-in-youth-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-assessment-of-habit-formation-barriers-and-facilitators
#3
E Ann Yeh, Nicole Chiang, Bindia Darshan, Nadine Nejati, Stephanie A Grover, Carolyn E Schwartz, Ruth Slater, Marcia Finlayson
Rates of medication nonadherence in youth with multiple sclerosis (MS) range from 10% to 60%. Qualitative studies of adherence can provide insight into children's own perspectives about barriers and facilitators to their adherence and inform future interventions. This qualitative longitudinal descriptive study included children with MS ( n = 28) participating in a randomized controlled trial focused on medication adherence ( clinicaltrials.gov : NCT02234713). Following established methods, three independent reviewers coded transcripts of motivational interviewing (MI) sessions (three interviews per subject, performed monthly over a 3-month period) for relevant themes...
June 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910618/suicidality-self-stigma-social-anxiety-and-personality-traits-in-stabilized-schizophrenia-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova, Krystof Kantor, Antonin Kolek, Aleš Grambal, Milos Slepecky
Background and aim: Patients who have schizophrenia are more prone to suicidal behavior than the general population. This study aimed to find connections between suicidality and self-stigma, hope, and personality traits in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Forty-eight stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia attended this cross-sectional study. Patients were diagnosed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) using the ICD-10 research diagnostic criteria...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910353/perceptions-and-determinants-of-eating-for-health-and-performance-in-high-level-male-adolescent-rugby-union-players
#5
Emily G Stokes, Roger Hughes, David M Shaw, Helen T O'Connor, Kathryn L Beck
Sports nutrition recommendations provide guidance on dietary strategies to optimise sports performance. However, research indicates that young athletes often find it difficult to follow these guidelines in practice. Limited research exists on the determinants that influence adherence to sports nutrition guidelines. This study aimed to explore the perceptions and determinants of eating for health and performance in high-level male adolescent rugby union players. Determinants were explored using semi-structured individual interviews in New Zealand high-level male rugby union players ( n = 20, 16⁻18 years)...
May 28, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910016/the-relationship-between-in-session-commitment-language-and-daily-self-reported-commitment-to-reduce-or-abstain-from-drinking
#6
Alexis Kuerbis, Jessica Houser, Paul Amrhein, Hayley Treloar Padovano, Jon Morgenstern
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing is hypothesized to operate by enhancing a client's internal motivation to change. Past research operationalizes this process by measuring in-session statements for change (i.e., change talk), yet relationships between change talk and other measures of motivation have yet to be substantiated. This study tested whether in-session change talk predicted subsequent reports of commitment to abstain or moderate drinking assessed via ecological momentary assessment (EMA), and explored each of their contributions to drinking outcomes...
August 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909744/the-role-of-ecstasy-mdma-in-managing-intimacy-and-conflict-in-stable-relationships
#7
Kristin M Kostick, Jean J Schensul
This paper discusses motivations for the use of MDMA among young adults in intimate relationships living in resource poor environments, where structural constraints limit potential for economic mobility and impact upon interpersonal relations. Drawing from in-depth interviews with men and women in intimate relationships with one or more partners, we report the range of motivations for MDMA use and their association with indicators of relationship quality, specifically trust and romantic exclusivity. Findings demonstrate that both men and women use MDMA primarily for the purpose of sexual enjoyment...
June 18, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907556/veterans-perspectives-on-fitbit-use-in-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-interview-study
#8
Ada Ng, Madhu Reddy, Alyson K Zalta, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: The increase in availability of patient data through consumer health wearable devices and mobile phone sensors provides opportunities for mental health treatment beyond traditional self-report measurements. Previous studies have suggested that wearables can be effectively used to benefit the physical health of people with mental health issues, but little research has explored the integration of wearable devices into mental health care. As such, early research is still necessary to address factors that might impact integration including patients' motivations to use wearables and their subsequent data...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907494/what-prevents-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-from-engaging-in-physical-activity-an-examination-of-the-barriers-to-physical-activity
#9
Raeana E Newberry, Derek J Dean, Madison D Sayyah, Vijay A Mittal
BACKGROUND: Exercise has increasingly been proposed as a healthful intervention prior to and after the onset of psychosis. There is some evidence to suggest that youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis are less physically active and report more barriers to engaging in exercise; however, there has been relatively limited empirical work documenting this phenomenon, and to date, relationships between physical activity, barriers, and clinical phenomenology have been unclear. METHODS: CHR (N = 51) and healthy control (N = 37) participants completed a structured clinical interview assessing attenuated psychotic symptoms and substance use, and an exercise survey that assessed current exercise practices, perceived physical fitness, and barriers related to engaging in exercise...
June 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907157/why-do-some-physicians-choose-to-tackle-inequities-in-healthcare
#10
Victoria Nkunu, Kevin J McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Despite the reputation of Canada's healthcare system as being accessible to all Canadians, certain populations continue to face inequities within our healthcare system. In addition to promoting fairness, addressing healthcare inequities has the potential to reduce healthcare costs, which is increasingly important as healthcare costs continue to rise. Intentionally or otherwise, physicians are often leaders in healthcare teams, but there is a paucity of literature on physicians' perceptions of the problem of healthcare inequities and their potential role in addressing inequities...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905855/public-private-partnerships-in-practice-collaborating-to-improve-health-finance-policy-in-ghana-and-kenya
#11
Lauren Suchman, Elizabeth Hart, Dominic Montagu
Social health insurance (SHI), one mechanism for achieving universal health coverage, has become increasingly important in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as they work to achieve this goal. Although small private providers supply a significant proportion of healthcare in LMICs, integrating these providers into SHI systems is often challenging. Public-private partnerships in health are one way to address these challenges, but we know little about how these collaborations work, how effectively, and why...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905499/developing-nurses-skills-in-motivational-interviewing-to-promote-a-healthy-lifestyle-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Jos Dobber, Corine Latour, Marjolein Snaterse, Berno van Meijel, Gerben Ter Riet, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Ron Peters
BACKGROUND: If nurses have the communication skills and the time, they can play an important role in increasing the intrinsic motivation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) to change their lifestyle. Motivational Interviewing (Mo-Int) can be used to further support this role. However, few nurses are sufficiently proficient in applying Mo-Int skills. Increasing these complex communication skills may contribute significantly to achieve lifestyle changes in CAD patients. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the coaching of nurses to skilfully use Mo-Int in a secondary prevention programme for CAD patients...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902987/views-on-and-experiences-of-electronic-cigarettes-a-qualitative-study-of-women-who-are-pregnant-or-have-recently-given-birth
#13
Katharine Bowker, Sophie Orton, Sue Cooper, Felix Naughton, Rachel Whitemore, Sarah Lewis, Linda Bauld, Lesley Sinclair, Tim Coleman, Anne Dickinson, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are increasingly used for reducing or stopping smoking, with some studies showing positive outcomes. However, little is known about views on ECs during pregnancy or postpartum and previous studies have nearly all been conducted in the US and have methodological limitations, such as not distinguishing between smokers and ex/non-smokers. A greater understanding of this topic will help to inform both clinicians and EC interventions. We elicited views and experiences of ECs among UK pregnant or recently pregnant women...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902036/a-service-user-co-facilitated-intervention-to-reduce-mental-illness-stigma-among-primary-healthcare-workers-utilizing-perspectives-of-family-members-and-caregivers
#14
Sauharda Rai, Dristy Gurung, Bonnie N Kaiser, Kathleen J Sikkema, Manoj Dhakal, Anvita Bhardwaj, Cori Tergesen, Brandon A Kohrt
INTRODUCTION: Service users' involvement as cofacilitators of mental health trainings is a nascent endeavor in low- and middle-income countries, and the role of families on service user participation in trainings has received limited attention. This study examined how caregivers perceive and facilitate service user's involvement in an antistigma program that was added to mental health Gap Action Program (mhGAP) trainings for primary care workers in Nepal. METHOD: Service users were trained as cofacilitators for antistigma and mhGAP trainings delivered to primary care workers through the REducing Stigma among HealthcAre ProvidErs (RESHAPE) program...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900652/challenges-in-preparing-the-dietetics-workforce-of-the-future-an-exploration-of-dietetics-educators-experiences
#15
Kate Morgan, Dianne P Reidlinger, Sally Sargeant, Linda Crane, Katrina L Campbell
AIM: Dietetics educators represent a small but influential workforce group that has experienced significant change in recent years. The workforce development challenges faced by this group have been largely unexplored. The present study aimed to explore the experiences of, and challenges faced by, academic dietetics educators in preparing dietitians for the workforce. METHODS: The approach taken in the present study was informed by qualitative description. Fifteen dietetics educators employed by 13 universities across Australia were purposively sampled...
June 13, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900599/exploring-what-motivates-and-sustains-support-group-engagement-amongst-young-people-with-allergies-a-qualitative-study
#16
Christina J Jones, Lauren A Sommereux, Helen E Smith
BACKGROUND: Positive self-care behaviours are more likely in young people who engage with allergy support groups, but reasons for this association are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study explored how and why young people engage with allergy support groups to identify what activities and resources are beneficial. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with young people aged 12-21 years who reported engaging with allergy support groups (in person or on-line)...
June 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897535/commissioning-parents-experiences-with-international-surrogacy-a-qualitative-study
#17
Lindsay B Gezinski, Sharvari Karandikar, Sarah Huber, Alexis Levitt
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of commissioning parents (CPs) who travel abroad for surrogacy, paying attention to motivations, processes, and sources of social support. The authors recruited 10 CPs and used semistructured, in-depth interviews to illicit storytelling. Data analysis revealed primary themes around CPs' experiences pre-surrogacy, during surrogacy, and post-surrogacy. International surrogacy was described as a long and arduous journey only undertaken after multiple failed attempts at "natural" conception...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895280/effectiveness-of-motivational-interviewing-health-education-and-brief-advice-in-a-population-of-smokers-who-are-not-ready-to-quit
#18
Majid Bani-Yaghoub, Abdellatif Elhomani, Delwyn Catley
BACKGROUND: Motivational Interviewing (MI), Brief Advice (BA) and Health Education (HE) are established smoking cessation induction methods for smokers with low desire to quit. Although randomized controlled trials (RCT's) have been frequently used to assess these interventions the temporal efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions have been poorly elaborated. The present work endeavors to fill the gap by considering the full range of possible motivational outcomes for all of the participants...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895237/the-ambivalence-that-cannot-be-spoken-kinship-obligation-in-living-kidney-donation
#19
Colin M E Halverson, Megan Crowley-Matoka, Lainie Friedman Ross
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, living kidney donors were first-degree relatives due to both greater biological compatibility and concerns about extrafamilial motivation. Because familial relationships often entail distinctive experiences of moral obligation, health-care providers must be attentive to potential undue influences on intrafamilial donor decision-making processes to ensure that decisions are voluntary. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 individuals who donated kidneys to first-degree relatives and subsequently developed end-stage renal disease themselves...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893846/physical-activity-promotion-in-primary-care-a-utopian-quest
#20
Alexis Lion, Anne Vuillemin, Jane S Thornton, Daniel Theisen, Saverio Stranges, Malcolm Ward
The health benefits of physical activity (PA) are acknowledged and promoted by the scientific community, especially within primary care. However, there is little evidence that such promotion is provided in any consistent or comprehensive format. Brief interventions (i.e. discussion, negotiation or encouragement) and exercise referral schemes (i.e. patients being formally referred to a PA professional) are the two dominant approaches within primary care. These cost-effective interventions can generate positive changes in health outcomes and PA levels in inactive patients who are at increased risk for non-communicable diseases...
June 8, 2018: Health Promotion International
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