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motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913692/factors-motivating-hpv-vaccine-uptake-among-vaccinated-and-nonvaccinated-hispanic-young-adult-women
#1
Dionne P Stephens, Hod Tamir, Tami L Thomas
INTRODUCTION: To identify factors influencing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination up taking decision making among vaccinated and nonvaccinated Hispanic college women. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic young women between the ages of 18 and 24 years (N = 49). In total, 26 had not received the HPV vaccine, and 23 had started/completed the vaccine series. METHOD: Participants registered for the study via a psychology research pool at a large public university in the southeast United States after institutional review board approval...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909084/sustained-benefits-of-exercise-based-motivational-interviewing-but-only-among-nonusers-of-opioids-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#2
Sunghye Kim, James E Slaven, Dennis C Ang
OBJECTIVE: Given the known side effects of opioids and their potential effects on cognition, we sought to evaluate the benefits of motivational interviewing (MI) to promote physical activity on 2 subsets of participants with fibromyalgia (FM): nonusers and users of opioids. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of a 36-week randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of MI to promote physical activity among participants with FM. Participants were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: 6 phone-based MI sessions (n = 107) or 6 sessions of FM self-management instructions [attention control (AC), n = 109]...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906198/population-screening-for-brca1-brca2-mutations-lessons-from-qualitative-analysis-of-the-screening-experience
#3
Sari Lieberman, Amnon Lahad, Ariela Tomer, Carmit Cohen, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Aviad Raz
PURPOSE: Population screening for BRCA1/BRCA2. mutations is being considered for Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) because 2.5% carry recurrent deleterious mutations and effective cancer prevention exists. This study aimed to provide a qualitative focus on perspectives of individuals, particularly carriers, who were tested through a screening trial. In this trial, the pretest process included only written information. METHODS: Interviews were performed with 26 carriers and 10 noncarriers who participated in a BRCA population screening trial for AJ...
December 1, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906041/implementation-of-the-better-2-program-a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-of-a-novel-way-to-improve-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening-in-primary-care
#4
Nicolette Sopcak, Carolina Aguilar, Mary Ann O'Brien, Candace Nykiforuk, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Richard Cullen, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Patricia Manca
BACKGROUND: BETTER (Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care) is a patient-based intervention to improve chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and associated lifestyle factors in patients aged 40 to 65. The key component of BETTER is a prevention practitioner (PP), a health care professional with specialized skills in CDPS who meets with patients to develop a personalized prevention prescription, using the BETTER toolkit and Brief Action Planning...
December 1, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906028/re-focusing-hiv-prevention-messages-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-uganda
#5
Sanyukta Mathur, Dina Romo, Mariko Rasmussen, Neema Nakyanjo, Fred Nalugoda, John S Santelli
BACKGROUND: After 30 years, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains an epidemic of global concern. To support the increasing emphasis on biomedical interventions for prevention requires a renewed and reframed focus on HIV prevention messages to motivate engagement in risk-reduction activities. This paper examines youth and adult perceptions of HIV prevention messages and HIV risk assessment in a generalized HIV epidemic context in Uganda. METHODS: We conducted 24 focus group discussions and 24 in-depth interviews with 15-45 year olds (n = 218) from three communities in the Rakai district of Uganda in 2012...
November 11, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905928/perceptions-on-the-effect-of-small-electric-fans-on-comfort-inside-bed-nets-in-southern-ghana-a-qualitative-study
#6
Mulako S Jaeger, Olivier J T Briët, Joseph Keating, Collins K Ahorlu, Joshua O Yukich, Samuel Oppong, Peter Nardini, Constanze Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are known to be highly effective in reducing malaria transmission, morbidity and mortality. However, among those owning an LLIN, use rates are often suboptimal. A reported barrier to bed net use is discomfort due to heat. This qualitative study was part of a larger evaluation conducted in communities without electricity in rural Ghana to assess whether 0.8 W solar powered net fans can increase net use. METHODS: Twenty-three key informant interviews with household heads in the study communities in Shai-Osudoku District, southern Ghana, were conducted from July to August 2015...
December 1, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903490/can-a-free-wearable-activity-tracker-change-behavior-the-impact-of-trackers-on-adults-in-a-physician-led-wellness-group
#7
Lisa Gualtieri, Sandra Rosenbluth, Jeffrey Phillips
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers (trackers) are increasingly popular devices used to track step count and other health indicators. Trackers have the potential to benefit those in need of increased physical activity, such as adults who are older and face significant health challenges. These populations are least likely to purchase trackers and most likely to face challenges in using them, yet may derive educational, motivational, and health benefits from their use once these barriers are removed...
November 30, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902572/meeting-people-where-they-are-case-managers-empower-and-motivate-clients-to-pursue-their-health-goals
#8
Jane Harkey, Charlotte Sortedahl, Michelle M Crook, Patrice V Sminkey
PURPOSE: The propose of this discussion is to explore the role of the case manager to empower and motivate clients, especially those who appear "stuck" or resistant to change. Drawing upon the experiences of case managers across many different practice settings, the article addresses how case managers can tap into the individual's underlying and sometimes deep-seated desires in order to foster buy-in for making even small steps toward achieving their health goals. The article also addresses how motivational interviewing can be an effective tool used by case managers to uncover blocks and barriers that prevent clients from making changes in their health or lifestyle habits...
January 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900649/brief-report-a-randomized-control-trial-assessing-the-influence-of-a-telephone-based-intervention-on-readmissions-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-in-a-developing-country
#9
U A Botha, L Koen, M Mazinu, E Jordaan, D J H Niehaus
Whilst comprehensive post-discharge interventions have been successful in reducing readmissions in our setting, they are possibly not sustainable due to limited resources. We assessed the impact of a more cost-effective telephone-based intervention on readmissions in a developing country over 12 months. 100 patients with severe mental illness were randomized to facilitated care or treatment as usual. All were interviewed prior to discharge and after 12 months. Facilitated care consisted of structured telephonic interviews and motivational support to patients and families...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900507/-why-throw-away-something-useful-attitudes-and-opinions-of-people-treated-for-bipolar-disorder-and-their-relatives-on-organ-and-tissue-donation
#10
Carolina S Padoan, Lucas F Garcia, Aline A Rodrigues, Lucas M Patusco, Mariana V Atz, Flavio Kapczinski, José R Goldim, Pedro V S Magalhães
In regard to mental illness, brain donation is essential for the biological investigation of central pathology. Nevertheless, little is known about the thoughts of people with mental disorders on tissue donation for research. Here, our objective was to understand the attitudes and opinions of people treated for bipolar disorder and their relatives regarding donation in general, and particularly donation for research. This is a qualitative study that used in-depth interviews to determine the thoughts of participants regarding tissue donation for research...
November 29, 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898304/motivational-processes-from-expectancy-value-theory-are-associated-with-variability-in-the-error-positivity-in-young-children
#11
Matthew H Kim, Loren M Marulis, Jennie K Grammer, Frederick J Morrison, William J Gehring
Motivational beliefs and values influence how children approach challenging activities. The current study explored motivational processes from an expectancy-value theory framework by studying children's mistakes and their responses to them by focusing on two event-related potential (ERP) components: the error-related negativity (ERN) and the error positivity (Pe). Motivation was assessed using a child-friendly challenge puzzle task and a brief interview measure prior to ERP testing. Data from 50 4- to 6-year-old children revealed that greater perceived competence beliefs were related to a larger Pe, whereas stronger intrinsic task value beliefs were associated with a smaller Pe...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896801/from-threat-to-gradual-lifestyle-changes-iranians-experiences-with-chronic-illnesses
#12
H Vahedparast, E Mohammadi, F Ahmadi
AIM: This study aimed to explore and describe the experience of making a healthy lifestyle change among the patients with chronic illness. BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of different evidence on the critical role of lifestyle in the prevention and management of chronic diseases, many people face challenges in terms of starting and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study with in-depth semi-structured interviews was carried out in 2015 in Iran...
November 28, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896294/a-qualitative-assessment-of-return-to-sport-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#13
Vehniah K Tjong, Charles J Cogan, Brett D Riederman, Michael A Terry
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is known to produce excellent outcomes, yet some patients do not return to their preinjury level of sport participation. Much literature on return to sport has revolved around anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and even shoulder instability, but none to date have used qualitative, semistructured patient interviews on patients with hip labral tears. PURPOSE: To understand the factors influencing the decision to return to sport after arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895826/motivation-of-health-surveillance-assistants-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#14
Kingsley R Chikaphupha, Maryse C Kok, Lot Nyirenda, Ireen Namakhoma, Sally Theobald
BACKGROUND: Motivation of health workers is a critical component of performance and is shaped by multiple factors. This study explored factors that influence motivation of health surveillance assistants (HSAs) in Malawi, with the aim of identifying interventions that can be applied to enhance motivation and performance of HSAs. METHODS: A qualitative study capturing the perspectives of purposively selected participants was conducted in two districts: Salima and Mchinji...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#15
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895476/community-based-exercise-training-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-and-chronic-cardiac-disease-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#16
Renae J McNamara, Zoe J McKeough, Laura R Mo, Jamie T Dallimore, Sarah M Dennis
BACKGROUND: Poor uptake and adherence are problematic for hospital-based pulmonary and heart failure rehabilitation programs, often because of access difficulties. The aims of this mixed-methods study were to determine the feasibility of a supervised exercise training program in a community gymnasium in people with chronic respiratory and chronic cardiac disease, to explore the experiences of participants and physiotherapists and to determine if a community venue improved access and adherence to rehabilitation...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895102/delaying-and-seeking-care-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-the-role-of-gender-family-and-morality
#17
Dana Zarhin
Social scientists have proposed various theories as to when, why, and how people come to seek medical care for multiple conditions. Yet, there is still little empirical research to illustrate the pathways into and out of care, especially for chronic illness. This article contributes to this body of work by exploring individuals' reasons for delaying and seeking care for obstructive sleep apnea, which despite being the most diagnosed sleep disorder, has been largely neglected by social scientists. Drawing upon in-depth interviews with 65 Jewish-Israeli obstructive sleep apnea patients, this study shows how intersections of gender, family, and morality shape and are shaped by care-seeking behavior...
November 28, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894466/relationships-between-adult-emotional-states-and-indicators-of-health-care-utilization-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey-2006-2014
#18
Judith D Weissman, David Russell, Jeannette Beasley, Melanie Jay, Dolores Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: Adults with serious psychological distress have a high likelihood of mental health problems severe enough to cause serious impairment in social and occupational functioning requiring treatment. These adults visit doctors frequently yet have poor health compared to adults without serious psychological distress. This study examined associations between emotional states of serious psychological distress in relationship to healthcare utilization indicators. A guiding hypothesis was that somatization underlying emotional states contributes to excessive healthcare seeking among adults with serious psychological distress...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889374/-consumption-of-cannabis-in-adolescents
#19
O Phan, I Obradovic, A Har
Over the past 10 years, the consumption of cannabis among adolescents has dramatically increased. Today, adolescent cannabis use is a major public health problem. Two forms of cannabis are commonly smoked: herb (marijuana) and resin. These forms have a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol, the active molecule of cannabis. Recent research has helped understand how the cannabinoid system works. This system combines specific receptors and specific molecules: the endocannabinoids. The effects of cannabis use are now well documented...
November 23, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888232/parents-perspectives-on-whole-genome-sequencing-for-their-children-qualified-enthusiasm
#20
J A Anderson, M S Meyn, C Shuman, R Zlotnik Shaul, L E Mantella, M J Szego, S Bowdin, N Monfared, R Z Hayeems
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the consequences of returning whole genome sequencing (WGS) results in paediatrics and facilitate its evidence-based clinical implementation, we studied parents' experiences with WGS and their preferences for the return of adult-onset secondary variants (SVs)-medically actionable genomic variants unrelated to their child's current medical condition that predict adult-onset disease. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews with parents whose children were undergoing WGS as part of the SickKids Genome Clinic, a research project that studies the impact of clinical WGS on patients, families, and the healthcare system...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
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