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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775969/the-scale-on-community-care-perceptions-scope-for-nursing-students-a-development-and-psychometric-validation-study
#1
Margriet van Iersel, Rien de Vos, Corine Latour, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer
The aim of this study was to develop a valid instrument to measure student nurses' perceptions of community care (SCOPE). DeVellis' staged model for instrument development and validation was used. Scale construction of SCOPE was based on existing literature. Evaluation of its psychometric properties included exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis. After pilot-testing, 1062 bachelor nursing students from six institutions in the Netherlands (response rate 81%) took part in the study. SCOPE is a 35-item scale containing: background variables, 11 measuring the affective component, 5 measuring community care perception as a placement, 17 as a future profession, and 2 on the reasons underlying student preference...
May 11, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775692/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-providing-medical-assistance-in-dying-a-qualitative-study
#2
Narges Khoshnood, Marie-Clare Hopwood, Bhadra Lokuge, Allison Kurahashi, Anastasia Tobin, Sarina Isenberg, Amna Husain
CONTEXT: MAiD allows a practitioner to administer or prescribe medication for the purpose of ending a patient's life. In 2016, Canada was the latest country, following several European countries and American states, to legalize physician-assisted death. Although some studies report on physician attitudes towards MAiD or describe patient characteristics, there are few that explore the professional challenges faced by physicians who provide MAiD. OBJECTIVES: To explore the professional challenges faced by Canadian physicians who provide MAiD...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774171/the-effect-of-satellite-laboratory-installation-on-chemotherapy-waiting-time-in-an-oncology-treatment-unit
#3
Abdullah Bany Hamdan, Abdullah Aldakhil, Mushabbab Asiri, Jesusa Tamani, Sherwynn Javison, Sheena Peethambaran, Isamme AlFayyad, Richard Erlandez, Huda AlKarim, Musa AlHarbi
Background Timely treatment is a patient's right. Increasing the efficiency of laboratory testing could potentially improve hospital operations, provide quicker access to health services, and have a positive impact on patient experience. Installation of a satellite laboratory may shorten laboratory turnaround time (TAT) and chemotherapy waiting time. Method The laboratory TAT and chemotherapy waiting time were analyzed and compared before and three years after the establishment of the satellite laboratory. Result The mean laboratory TAT decreased from one hour and 30 minutes at baseline in 2012 to 43, 43, and 37 minutes in 2013, 2014, and 2015, respectively; a reduction rate of 59%...
March 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773966/exact-solutions-for-the-collaborative-pickup-and-delivery-problem
#4
Margaretha Gansterer, Richard F Hartl, Philipp E H Salzmann
In this study we investigate the decision problem of a central authority in pickup and delivery carrier collaborations. Customer requests are to be redistributed among participants, such that the total cost is minimized. We formulate the problem as multi-depot traveling salesman problem with pickups and deliveries. We apply three well-established exact solution approaches and compare their performance in terms of computational time. To avoid unrealistic solutions with unevenly distributed workload, we extend the problem by introducing minimum workload constraints...
2018: Central European Journal of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772768/within-and-between-individual-variability-of-exposure-to-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-risk-factors
#5
Mohsen Zare, Jean-Claude Sagot, Yves Roquelaure
Industrial companies indicate a tendency to eliminate variations in operator strategies, particularly following implementation of the lean principle. Companies believe when the operators perform the same prescribed tasks, they have to execute them in the same manner (completing the same gestures and being exposed to the same risk factors). They attempt to achieve better product quality by standardizing and reducing operational leeway. However, operators adjust and modify ways of performing tasks to balance between their abilities and the requirements of the job...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771966/the-effect-of-chronic-progressive-dose-sodium-bicarbonate-ingestion-on-crossfit-like-performance-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-trial
#6
Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Emilia E Zawieja, Tomasz Podgórski, Igor Łoniewski, Bogna E Zawieja, Marta Warzybok, Jan Jeszka
BACKGROUND: Sodium bicarbonate (SB) has been proposed as an ergogenic aid, as it improves high-intensity and resistance exercise performance. However, no studies have yet investigated SB application in CrossFit. This study examined the effects of chronic, progressive-dose SB ingestion on CrossFit-like performance and aerobic capacity. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 21 CrossFit-trained participants were randomly allocated to 2 groups and underwent 2 trials separated by a 14-day washout period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769833/effects-of-knee-alignments-and-toe-clip-on-frontal-plane-knee-biomechanics-in-cycling
#7
Guangping Shen, Songning Zhang, Hunter J Bennett, James C Martin, Scott E Crouter, Eugene C Fitzhugh
Effects of knee alignment on the internal knee abduction moment (KAM) in walking have been widely studied. The KAM is closely associated with the development of medial knee osteoarthritis. Despite the importance of knee alignment, no studies have explored its effects on knee frontal plane biomechanics during stationary cycling. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of knee alignment and use of a toe clip on the knee frontal plane biomechanics during stationary cycling. A total of 32 participants (11 varus, 11 neutral, and 10 valgus alignment) performed five trials in each of six cycling conditions: pedaling at 80 rpm and 0...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769832/validity-and-reliability-of-the-powertap-p1-pedals-power-meter
#8
Jesús G Pallarés, José Ramón Lillo-Bevia
To validate the new PowerTap P1® pedals power meter (PP1), thirty-three cyclists performed 12 randomized and counterbalanced graded exercise tests (100-500 W), at 70, 85 and 100 rev·min-1 cadences, in seated and standing positions. A scientific SRM system and a pair of PP1 pedals continuously recorded cadence and power output data. Significantly lower power output values were detected for the PP1 compared to the SRM for all workloads, cadences, and pedalling conditions (2-10 W, p < 0.05), except for the workloads ranged between 150 W to 350 W at 70 rev·min-1 in seated position (p > 0...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769830/low-external-workloads-are-related-to-higher-injury-risk-in-professional-male-basketball-games
#9
Toni Caparrós, Martí Casals, Álvaro Solana, Javier Peña
The primary purpose of this study was to identify potential risk factors for sports injuries in professional basketball. An observational retrospective cohort study involving a male professional basketball team, using game tracking data was conducted during three consecutive seasons. Thirty-three professional basketball players took part in this study. A total of 29 time-loss injuries were recorded during regular season games, accounting for 244 total missed games with a mean of 16.26 ± 15.21 per player and season...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768733/assessment-of-nursing-workload-in-adult-psychiatric-inpatient-units-a-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
C Sousa, P Seabra
DFINTRODUCTION: No systematic reviews on measurement tools in adult psychiatric inpatient settings exist in the literature, and thus, further research is required on ways to identify approaches to calculate safe nurse staffing levels based on patients' care needs in adult psychiatric inpatient units. AIM: To identify instruments that enable an assessment of nursing workload in psychiatric settings. Method A scoping review was conducted. RESULTS: Four studies were identified, with five instruments used to support the calculation of staff needs and workload...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768634/perceived-burden-of-ehrs-on-physicians-at-different-stages-of-their-career
#11
Saif Khairat, Gary Burke, Heather Archambault, Todd Schwartz, James Larson, Raj M Ratwani
OBJECTIVE:  The purpose of this study was to further explore the effect of EHRs on emergency department (ED) attending and resident physicians' perceived workload, satisfaction, and productivity through the completion of six EHR patient scenarios combined with workload, productivity, and satisfaction surveys. METHODS:  To examine EHR usability, we used a live observational design combined with post observation surveys conducted over 3 days, observing emergency physicians' interactions with the EHR during a 1-hour period...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768027/professional-burnout-and-work-stress-among-israeli-dental-assistants
#12
Nir Uziel, Joseph Meyerson, Yonatan Birenzweig, Ilana Eli
Professional burnout and work-related stress are known problems that have been the subject of in-depth examination among dentists. Nevertheless, these issues have not been widely studied among dental assistants. The aims of this study were threefold: to confirm the structure of a Work Stress Inventory (WSI) for Dental Assistants which was originally developed for Jordanian dental assistants (factor analysis); to evaluate work stress and burnout among Israeli dental assistants and to discover the factors predicting Israeli assistants' burnout (regression analyses)...
May 16, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764876/integrated-versus-non-integrated-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-which-is-the-most-effective-system-for-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-management-the-optimum-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#13
Maria Isabel Castillo, Emily Larsen, Marie Cooke, Nicole M Marsh, Marianne C Wallis, Julie Finucane, Peter Brown, Gabor Mihala, Peter J Carr, Joshua Byrnes, Rachel Walker, Prudence Cable, Li Zhang, Candi Sear, Gavin Jackson, Anna Rowsome, Alison Ryan, Julie C Humphries, Susan Sivyer, Kathy Flanigan, Claire M Rickard
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) are frequently used in hospitals. However, PIVC complications are common, with failures leading to treatment delays, additional procedures, patient pain and discomfort, increased clinician workload and substantially increased healthcare costs. Recent evidence suggests integrated PIVC systems may be more effective than traditional non-integrated PIVC systems in reducing phlebitis, infiltration and costs and increasing functional dwell time...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764731/how-much-is-enough-in-rehabilitation-high-running-workloads-following-lower-limb-muscle-injury-delay-return-to-play-but-protect-against-subsequent-injury
#14
Jordan Stares, Brian Dawson, Peter Peeling, Michael Drew, Jarryd Heasman, Brent Rogalski, Marcus Colby
OBJECTIVES: Examine the influence of rehabilitation training loads on return to play (RTP) time and subsequent injury in elite Australian footballers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Internal (sessional rating of perceived exertion: sRPE) and external (distance, sprint distance) workload and lower limb non-contact muscle injury data was collected from 58 players over 5 seasons. Rehabilitation periods were analysed for running workloads and time spent in 3 rehabilitation stages (1: off-legs training, 2: non-football running, 3: group football training) was calculated...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764616/uncertainty-in-monetary-cost-estimates-for-assessing-working-postures-using-inclinometry-observation-or-self-report
#15
Amanda Waleh Åström, Marina Heiden, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Annika Strömberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess uncertainty in cost estimates for collecting posture data by inclinometry, observations and self-report. METHOD: In a study addressing physical workloads at a paper mill, costs were calculated for measuring postures of twenty-eight workers during three shifts. Uncertainty in costs was assessed for all three methods as the range between an assumed best case (lowest cost) and worst case (highest cost) using scenario analysis. RESULTS: The cost for observation was larger, but also more uncertain (€16506 and €89552 in the best and worst case, respectively) than that of inclinometry (€7613 - €45896)...
September 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764269/factors-influencing-the-use-of-outcome-measures-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-method-study-of-physiotherapists-in-nigeria
#16
Adesola C Odole, Nse A Odunaiya, Joshua O Ojo, Aderonke O Akinpelu
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee constitutes a significant proportion of musculoskeletal disorders managed in physiotherapy clinics worldwide. Best practice guidelines in the management of OA ensure the use of outcome measures. AIM: This study explored the factors influencing the use of outcome measures in management of patients with knee OA among physiotherapists in southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: Mixed method design was used that involved a cross-sectional survey of 77 purposively selected physiotherapists and a focus group discussion with another 6 physiotherapists...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762982/the-role-and-experiences-of-advanced-nurse-practitioners-working-in-out-of-hours-urgent-care-services-in-a-primary-care-setting
#17
Jacci Yuill
GPs' workload has increased significantly in recent years affecting their ability to provide high-quality services, and consequently there is increasing focus on nurses to provide a solution. There is little evidence of how advanced nurse practitioners (ANPs) experience their role in out of hours (OOH) services, and it is important to understand their perceptions of this and the challenges they may face in supporting service development and improvement. This article evaluates the role and experiences of ANPs working in an OOH urgent primary care service and identifies important factors that affect their roles...
May 15, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760597/application-of-an-incident-taxonomy-for-radiation-therapy-analysis-of-five-years-of-data-from-three-integrated-cancer-centres
#18
Stuart Greenham, Stephen Manley, Kirsty Turnbull, Matthew Hoffmann, Amara Fonseca, Justin Westhuyzen, Andrew Last, Noel J Aherne, Thomas P Shakespeare
Aim: To develop and apply a clinical incident taxonomy for radiation therapy. Background: Capturing clinical incident information that focuses on near-miss events is critical for achieving higher levels of safety and reliability. Methods and materials: A clinical incident taxonomy for radiation therapy was established; coding categories were prescription, consent, simulation, voluming, dosimetry, treatment, bolus, shielding, imaging, quality assurance and coordination of care...
May 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760030/nurse-practitioner-physician-comanagement-a-theoretical-model-to-alleviate-primary-care-strain
#19
Allison A Norful, Krystyna de Jacq, Richard Carlino, Lusine Poghosyan
PURPOSE: Various models of care delivery have been investigated to meet the increasing demands in primary care. One proposed model is comanagement of patients by more than 1 primary care clinician. Comanagement has been investigated in acute care with surgical teams and in outpatient settings with primary care physicians and specialists. Because nurse practitioners are increasingly managing patient care as independent clinicians, our study objective was to propose a model of nurse practitioner-physician comanagement...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757870/changing-clinical-practice-evaluation-of-implementing-recommendations-for-opportunistic-salpingectomy-in-british-columbia-and-ontario
#20
Bryn Lander, Elizabeth Wilcox, Jessica N McAlpine, Sarah J Finlayson, David G Huntsman, Dianne Miller, Gillian E Hanley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the factors that contributed to the adoption of opportunistic salpingectomies (removal of fallopian at the time of hysterectomy or in lieu of tubal ligation) by gynecologic surgeons in British Columbia (where a knowledge translation initiative took place) and in Ontario (a comparator where no knowledge translation initiative took place). We aimed to understand why the knowledge translation initiative undertaken by OVCARE in British Columbia resulted in such a dramatic uptake in opportunistic salpingectomy...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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