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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208981/the-effect-of-emotion-regulation-training-on-occupational-stress-of-critical-care-nurses
#1
Darya Saedpanah, Shiva Salehi, Ladan Fattah Moghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is a common, serious and costly health problem in work environment. Nursing is a very stressful job high level of stress in this job affects nurses' physical and mental health. AIM: To investigate the effect of emotion regulation training of occupational stress on critical care nurses in two teaching hospitals in Sanandaj, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional study was conducted on 60 nurses working in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Critical Care Unit (CCU) in two teaching hospitals in Sanandaj, Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208730/dynamic-voltage-frequency-and-workload-joint-scaling-power-management-for-energy-harvesting-multi-core-wsn-node-soc
#2
Xiangyu Li, Nijie Xie, Xinyue Tian
This paper proposes a scheduling and power management solution for energy harvesting heterogeneous multi-core WSN node SoC such that the system continues to operate perennially and uses the harvested energy efficiently. The solution consists of a heterogeneous multi-core system oriented task scheduling algorithm and a low-complexity dynamic workload scaling and configuration optimization algorithm suitable for light-weight platforms. Moreover, considering the power consumption of most WSN applications have the characteristic of data dependent behavior, we introduce branches handling mechanism into the solution as well...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208590/synthesizing-existing-csma-and-tdma-based-mac-protocols-for-vanets
#3
Jiawei Huang, Qi Li, Shaohua Zhong, Lianhai Liu, Ping Zhong, Jianxin Wang, Jin Ye
Many Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA) and Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) based medium access control (MAC) protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) have been proposed recently. Contrary to the common perception that they are competitors, we argue that the underlying strategies used in these MAC protocols are complementary. Based on this insight, we design CTMAC, a MAC protocol that synthesizes existing strategies; namely, random accessing channel (used in CSMA-style protocols) and arbitral reserving channel (used in TDMA-based protocols)...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208099/the-impact-of-walking-while-using-a-smartphone-on-pedestrians-awareness-of-roadside-events
#4
Ming-I Brandon Lin, Yu-Ping Huang
Previous studies have shown that using a cell phone to talk or text while walking changes gait kinematics and encourages risky street-crossing behaviors. However, less is known about how the motor-cognitive interference imposed by smartphone tasks affects pedestrians' situational awareness to environmental targets relevant to pedestrian safety. This study systematically investigated the influence of smartphone use on detection of and responses to a variety of roadside events in a semi-virtual walking environment...
February 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207821/relationship-of-work-family-conflict-self-reported-social-support-and-job-satisfaction-to-burnout-syndrome-among-medical-workers-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu, Hongbo Liu, Juying Zhang, Zhanqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a psychosomatic syndrome widely observed in Chinese medical workers due to the increasing cost of medical treatment, excessive workload, and excessive prescribing behavior. No studies have evaluated the interrelationship among occupational burnout, work-family conflict, social support, and job satisfaction in medical workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate these relationships among medical workers in southwest China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2013 and December 2013, and was based on the fifth National Health Service Survey (NHSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207783/patient-experience-with-outpatient-encounters-at-public-hospitals-in-shanghai-examining-different-aspects-of-physician-services-and-implications-of-overcrowding
#6
Yuhua Bao, Guanrong Fan, Dongdong Zou, Tong Wang, Di Xue
BACKGROUND: Over 90% of outpatient care in China was delivered at public hospitals, making outpatient experience in this setting an important aspect of quality of care. OBJECTIVE: To assess outpatient experience with different aspects of physician services at China's public hospitals and its association with overcrowding of the hospital outpatient departments. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a large survey of outpatient experience in Shanghai, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207001/genome-editing-using-facs-enrichment-of-nuclease-expressing-cells-and-indel-detection-by-amplicon-analysis
#7
Lindsey A Lonowski, Yoshiki Narimatsu, Anjum Riaz, Catherine E Delay, Zhang Yang, Francesco Niola, Katarzyna Duda, Elke A Ober, Henrik Clausen, Hans H Wandall, Steen H Hansen, Eric P Bennett, Morten Frödin
This protocol describes methods for increasing and evaluating the efficiency of genome editing based on the CRISPR-Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-CRISPR-associated 9) system, transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) or zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs). First, Indel Detection by Amplicon Analysis (IDAA) determines the size and frequency of insertions and deletions elicited by nucleases in cells, tissues or embryos through analysis of fluorophore-labeled PCR amplicons covering the nuclease target site by capillary electrophoresis in a sequenator...
March 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206841/stressors-and-protective-factors-among-veterinary-students-in-new-zealand
#8
Jenny F Weston, Dianne Gardner, Polly Yeung
A study was undertaken to investigate the stressors faced by veterinary students and the protective factors against those stressors. The study was conducted as a workshop during which students collaborated with their peers through an iterative process to identify personal and external factors that contributed to or protected against stress as a veterinary student, and then to suggest strategies that would protect their mental health and well-being. Workload and assessment were the most commonly reported stressors...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201830/-subjective-workload-job-satisfaction-and-work-life-balance-of-physicians-and-nurses-in-a-municipal-hospital-in-a-rural-area-compared-to-an-urban-university-hospital
#9
Michael Körber, Klaus Schmid, Hans Drexler, Johannes Kiesel
Medical and nursing shortages in rural areas represent a current serious public health problem. The healthcare of the rural population is at risk. This study compares perceived workload, job satisfaction and work-life balance of physicians and nurses at a clinic in a rural area with two clinics of a University hospital. Physicians and nurses were interviewed anonymously with a standardized questionnaire (paper and pencil), including questions on job satisfaction, subjective workload and work-life balance. The response rate was almost 50% in the University hospital as well as in the municipal hospital...
February 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199417/physical-activity-prevents-alterations-in-mitochondrial-ultrastructure-and-glucometabolic-parameters-in-a-high-sugar-diet-model
#10
Karina Barbosa de Queiroz, Kinulpe Honorato-Sampaio, Joamyr Victor Rossoni Júnior, Diego Andrade Leal, Angélica Barbosa G Pinto, Lenice Kappes-Becker, Elisio Alberto Evangelista, Renata Guerra-Sá
Endurance exercise is a remarkable intervention for the treatment of many diseases. Mitochondrial changes on skeletal muscle are likely important for many of the benefits provided by exercise. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects that a regular physical activity (swimming without workload) has on mitochondrial morphological alterations and glucometabolic parameters induced by a high-sugar diet (HSD). Weaned male Wistar rats fed with a standard diet or a HSD (68% carbohydrate) were subjected to 60 minutes of regular physical activity by swimming (without workload) for four- (20 sessions) or eight-week (40 sessions) periods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198601/the-effect-of-high-speed-strength-training-with-heavy-and-low-workloads-on-neuromuscular-function-and-maximal-concentric-quadriceps-strength
#11
Ali A Mazani, Mohamed R Hamdinia, Amir H Haghigi, Nosratollah Hedayatpour
BACKGROUND: Dynamic strength training has been widely used to increase the ability of skeletal muscle to produce muscle force. Manipulating resistance training program variables has been commonly used as a tool to optimize maximum strength. This study examined the effects of 12 weeks of high-speed strength training with low and heavy workloads on muscle strength and neuromuscular function of quadriceps muscle. METHODS: Thirty male subjects (age, mean ± SD, 20.6 ± 2...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198305/give-us-a-break
#12
Diana De Lord
I have seen many nurses go without a break because their workload is too great and they are conscientious, as reported in your news story online (19 January).
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197619/evaluating-a-modular-decision-support-application-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#13
Laura G Militello, Julie B Diiulio, Morgan R Borders, Christen E Sushereba, Jason J Saleem, Donald Haverkamp, Thomas F Imperiale
BACKGROUND: There is a need for health information technology evaluation that goes beyond randomized controlled trials to include consideration of usability, cognition, feedback from representative users, and impact on efficiency, data quality, and clinical workflow. This article presents an evaluation illustrating one approach to this need using the Decision-Centered Design framework. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, through a Decision-Centered Design framework, the ability of the Screening and Surveillance App to support primary care clinicians in tracking and managing colorectal cancer testing...
February 15, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196511/antiretroviral-therapy-related-adverse-effects-can-sub-saharan-africa-cope-with-the-new-test-and-treat-policy-of-the-world-health-organization
#14
Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Jean Joel R Bigna
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation results in significant HIV transmission reduction. This is the rationale behind the "test and treat" policy of the World Health Organization (WHO). Implementation of this policy will lead to an increased incidence of ART-related adverse effects, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Is the region yet ready to cope with such a challenging issue? MAIN BODY: The introduction and widespread use of ART have drastically changed the natural history of HIV/AIDS, but exposure to ART leads to serious medication-related adverse effects mainly explained by mitochondrial toxicities, and the situation will get worse in the near future...
February 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196085/what-device-would-be-best-for-early-infant-male-circumcision-in-east-and-southern-africa-provider-experiences-and-opinions-with-three-different-devices-in-kenya
#15
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Fredrick O Otieno
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces risk of HIV acquisition in heterosexual men by approximately 60%. As some countries approach targets for proportions of adolescents and adults circumcised, some are considering early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as a means to achieve sustainability of VMMC for long term reduction of HIV incidence. Evaluations of specialized devices for EIMC are important to provide programs with information required to make informed decisions about how to design safe, effective EIMC programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194334/ethics-committees-in-india-past-present-and-future
#16
REVIEW
Urmila M Thatte, Padmaja A Marathe
: Following watershed amendments in Schedule Y India's star rose rather rapidly on the clinical research (especially clinical trials) horizon. Just as dramatic was the fall of this empire. At the centre of these events has been the participant and indirectly, the Ethics Committee (EC) that is established primarily to protect this individual. This paper traces the evolution of the concept of ECs in India, examines the current state of these committees in the country and suggests the way forward...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190372/training-performance-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-two-and-three-dimensional-displays
#17
Chiuhsiang Joe Lin, Chih-Feng Cheng, Hung-Jen Chen, Kuan-Ying Wu
INTRODUCTION: This research investigated differences in the effects of a state-of-art stereoscopic 3-dimensional (3D) display and a traditional 2-dimensional (2D) display in simulated laparoscopic surgery over a longer duration than in previous publications and studied the learning effects of the 2 display systems on novices. METHODS: A randomized experiment with 2 factors, image dimensions and image sequence, was conducted to investigate differences in the mean movement time, the mean error frequency, NASA-TLX cognitive workload, and visual fatigue in pegboard and circle-tracing tasks...
February 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188371/the-effect-of-functional-overreaching-on-parameters-of-autonomic-heart-rate-regulation
#18
Clint R Bellenger, Rebecca L Thomson, Eileen Y Robertson, Kade Davison, Maximillian J Nelson, Laura Karavirta, Jonathan D Buckley
PURPOSE: Correlations between fatigue-induced changes in performance and maximal rate of HR increase (rHRI) may be affected by differing assessment workloads. This study evaluated the effect of assessing rHRI at different workloads on performance tracking, and compared this with HR variability (HRV) and HR recovery (HRR). METHODS: Performance [5-min cycling time trial (5TT)], rHRI (at multiple workloads), HRV and HRR were assessed in 12 male cyclists following 1 week of light training (LT), 2 weeks of heavy training (HT) and a 10-day taper (T)...
February 11, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188010/the-1-min-sit-to-stand-test-in-cystic-fibrosis-insights-into-cardiorespiratory-responses
#19
Thomas Radtke, Helge Hebestreit, Milo A Puhan, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize the cardiopulmonary response during a 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test and compare peak exercise cardiorespiratory variables to a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in cystic fibrosis (CF). We further aimed to assess the validity of the STS power index (PowerSTS) as a measure of exercise capacity. METHODS: Fifteen adult CF patients performed spirometry, CPET and the 1-min STS test with respiratory gas analysis. RESULTS: Peak-exercise cardiorespiratory variables during the 1-min STS test correlated strongly (r=0...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186931/balancing-nurses-workload-in-hospital-wards-study-protocol-of-developing-a-method-to-manage-workload
#20
W F J M van den Oetelaar, H F van Stel, W van Rhenen, R K Stellato, W Grolman
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals pursue different goals at the same time: excellent service to their patients, good quality care, operational excellence, retaining employees. This requires a good balance between patient needs and nursing staff. One way to ensure a proper fit between patient needs and nursing staff is to work with a workload management method. In our view, a nursing workload management method needs to have the following characteristics: easy to interpret; limited additional registration; applicable to different types of hospital wards; supported by nurses; covers all activities of nurses and suitable for prospective planning of nursing staff...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
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