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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334190/limited-impact-of-a-fall-seeded-spring-terminated-rye-cover-crop-on-beneficial-arthropods
#1
Mike W Dunbar, Aaron J Gassmann, Matthew E O'Neal
Cover crops are beneficial to agroecosystems because they decrease soil erosion and nutrient loss while increasing within-field plant diversity. Greater plant diversity within cropping systems can positively affect beneficial arthropod communities. We hypothesized that increasing plant diversity within annually rotated corn and soybean with the addition of a rye cover crop would positively affect the beneficial ground and canopy-dwelling communities compared with rotated corn and soybean grown without a cover crop...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315149/can-myofunctional-therapy-increase-tongue-tone-and-reduce-symptoms-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#2
Maria Pia Villa, Melania Evangelisti, Susy Martella, Mario Barreto, Marco Del Pozzo
PURPOSE: Data in the literature suggest that myofunctional therapy (MT) may be able to play a role in the treatment of children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Our study investigated the effectiveness of MT in reducing respiratory symptoms in children with SDB by modifying tongue tone. METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings were performed at baseline to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in 54 children (mean age 7.1 ± 2.5 years, 29 male) with SDB...
March 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306601/assessing-the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-donor-corneal-endothelial-cell-density
#3
Chase A Liaboe, Benjamin T Aldrich, Pamela C Carter, Jessica M Skeie, Kimberlee A Burckart, Gregory A Schmidt, Cynthia R Reed, M Bridget Zimmerman, Mark A Greiner
PURPOSE: To quantify changes in endothelial cell density (ECD) of donor corneal tissue in relation to the presence or absence of a medical history of diabetes mellitus diagnosis, treatment, and complications. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for all corneas collected at Iowa Lions Eye Bank between January 2012 and December 2015. For purposes of analysis, donor corneas were divided into 4 groups: nondiabetic, non-insulin-dependent diabetic, insulin-dependent diabetic without medical complications due to diabetes, and insulin-dependent diabetic with medical complications due to diabetes...
March 16, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303534/chronic-tobacco-smoking-on-psychopathological-symptoms-impulsivity-and-cognitive-deficits-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#4
Linda Chang, Ahnate Lim, Eric Lau, Daniel Alicata
HIV-infected individuals (HIV+) has 2-3 times the rate of tobacco smoking than the general population, and whether smoking may lead to greater psychiatric symptoms or cognitive deficits remains unclear. We evaluated the independent and combined effects of being HIV+ and chronic tobacco-smoking on impulsivity, psychopathological symptoms and cognition. 104 participants [27 seronegative (SN)-non-Smokers, 26 SN-Smokers, 29 HIV+ non-Smokers, 22 HIV+ Smokers] were assessed for psychopathology symptoms (Symptom Checklist-90, SCL-90), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, CES-D), impulsivity (Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, BIS), decision-making (The Iowa Gambling Task, IGT, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, WCST), and cognition (seven neurocognitive domains)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301877/using-landscape-habitat-associations-to-prioritize-areas-of-conservation-action-for-terrestrial-birds
#5
Tyler M Harms, Kevin T Murphy, Xiaodan Lyu, Shane S Patterson, Karen E Kinkead, Stephen J Dinsmore, Paul W Frese
Predicting species distributions has long been a valuable tool to plan and focus efforts for biodiversity conservation, particularly because such an approach allows researchers and managers to evaluate species distribution changes in response to various threats. Utilizing data from a long-term monitoring program and land cover data sets, we modeled the probability of occupancy and colonization for 38 bird Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) in the robust design occupancy modeling framework, and used results from the best models to predict occupancy and colonization on the Iowa landscape...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301447/mercury-spill-responses-five-states-2012-2015
#6
Ryan J Wozniak, Anne E Hirsch, Christina R Bush, Stuart Schmitz, Jeff Wenzel
Despite measures to educate the public about the dangers of elemental mercury, spills continue to occur in homes, schools, health care facilities, and other settings, endangering the public's health and requiring costly cleanup. Mercury is most efficiently absorbed by the lungs, and exposure to high levels of mercury vapor after a release can cause cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, and visual disturbances (1). Children and fetuses are most susceptible to the adverse effects of mercury vapor exposure...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296155/obituary-of-thomas-e-starzl-m-d-ph-d
#7
EDITORIAL
John J Fung
Thomas E. Starzl was born in LeMars, Iowa, where his father, Roman Starzl, owned and edited the town's newspaper. Young "Tommie" worked at every job on the paper, from printer's devil to reporter. His mother had been a nurse earlier in life. Her encouragement and her long fight with breast cancer inspired Starzl to pursue a medical career. After graduating from high school, he enlisted in the U.S. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 12, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294474/modulating-risky-decision-making-in-parkinson-s-disease-by-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#8
A Benussi, A Alberici, V Cantoni, R Manenti, M Brambilla, V Dell'Era, S Gazzina, M Manes, V Cristillo, A Padovani, M Cotelli, B Borroni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Performance on gambling tasks in Parkinson's disease (PD) is of particular interest, as pathological gambling is often associated with dopamine replacement therapy in these patients. We aimed to evaluate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in modulating gambling behaviour in PD. METHODS: We assessed the effects of cathodal tDCS over the right DLPFC during the Iowa Gambling Task in 20 patients with PD, compared with sham stimulation...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#9
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289108/access-to-primary-care-appointments-following-2014-insurance-expansions
#10
Karin V Rhodes, Simon Basseyn, Ari B Friedman, Genevieve M Kenney, Douglas Wissoker, Daniel Polsky
PURPOSE: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded coverage to roughly 12 million individuals by mid-2014 and 20 million by 2016, raising concern about the capacity of the primary care system to absorb these individuals. We set out to determine how justified the concern was. METHODS: We used an audit design in which simulated patients called primary care practices seeking new-patient appointments in 10 diverse states (Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Texas) from November 2012 through March 2013 and from May 2014 through July 2014, before and after the major ACA insurance expansions...
March 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281951/bedsharing-and-oral-health-related-feeding-behaviors-among-zero-to-three-year-old-children
#11
Vanessa R Axelsen, Arwa I Owais, Fang Qian, Cameron L Perigo, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between bedsharing and oral health-related feeding behaviors among zero- to three-year-old children. METHODS: Data were collected from records of children attending the University of Iowa's Infant Oral Health Program (1998 to 2009), including maternal demographics, children's nighttime dietary practices, bedsharing habits, methods to help children sleep, and clinical evidence of plaque and caries...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274186/cochlear-implantation-under-local-anaesthesia-our-experience-and-a-validated-patient-satisfaction-questionnaire
#12
Sandeep G Mistry, Simon Carr, Jane Martin, David R Strachan, Christopher H Raine, Georgios Fyrmpas
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implantation (CI) under local anaesthetic (LA) has previously been shown to be a successful and safe option for a specific group of patients (e.g. elderly and significant co-morbidity). We aim to discuss our practice and obtain qualitative information about patient experience from our cohort of patients at the Yorkshire Auditory Implant Service (YAIS). METHODS: Retrospective chart review to include demographics, co-morbidities and physiological parameters were recorded and used to calculate P-POSSUM (Portsmouth Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity) scores...
March 9, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273692/the-extent-and-scope-of-prosthodontic-practice-in-iowa
#13
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
PURPOSE: The purpose of this questionnaire was to ask general dentists in private practice in the state of Iowa about the extent and scope of their prosthodontic practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 22-item questionnaire was developed and tested on 5 general dentists. The Iowa Dental Association agreed to electronically distribute the survey to all general practice dentists in their database. After three rounds, a total of 289 responses were received from the 996 general dentists in the database...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259744/beverage-consumption-patterns-at-age-13-to-17-years-are-associated-with-weight-height-and-body-mass-index-at-age-17-years
#14
Teresa A Marshall, John M Van Buren, John J Warren, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Steven M Levy
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been associated with obesity in children and adults; however, associations between beverage patterns and obesity are not understood. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe beverage patterns during adolescence and associations between adolescent beverage patterns and anthropometric measures at age 17 years. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analyses of longitudinally collected data. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Data from participants in the longitudinal Iowa Fluoride Study having at least one beverage questionnaire completed between ages 13...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252454/ingested-nitrate-disinfection-by-products-and-kidney-cancer-risk-in-older-women
#15
Rena R Jones, Peter J Weyer, Curt T Dellavalle, Kim Robien, Kenneth P Cantor, Stuart Krasner, Laura E Beane Freeman, Mary H Ward
BACKGROUND: N-nitroso compounds formed endogenously after nitrate/nitrite ingestion are animal renal carcinogens. Previous epidemiologic studies of drinking water nitrate did not evaluate other potentially toxic water contaminants, including the suspected renal carcinogen chloroform. METHODS: In a cohort of postmenopausal women in Iowa (1986-2010), we used historical measurements to estimate long-term average concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) and disinfection byproducts (DBP) in public water supplies...
March 1, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251340/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-risk-of-renal-cancer-in-the-iowa-women-s-health-study
#16
Nitin Shivappa, Cindy K Blair, Anna E Prizment, David R Jacobs, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: The association between inflammatory potential of diet and renal cancer risk has not been investigated. METHODS: In this study, we explored the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and risk of renal cancer in the Iowa Women's Health Study. From 1986 to 2011, 33,817 women initially recruited at 55-69 years of age were followed for incident renal cancers (n = 263). The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed using a reproducible and valid 121-item food frequency questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249014/maximum-soil-organic-carbon-storage-in-midwest-u-s-cropping-systems-when-crops-are-optimally-nitrogen-fertilized
#17
Hanna J Poffenbarger, Daniel W Barker, Matthew J Helmers, Fernando E Miguez, Daniel C Olk, John E Sawyer, Johan Six, Michael J Castellano
Nitrogen fertilization is critical to optimize short-term crop yield, but its long-term effect on soil organic C (SOC) is uncertain. Here, we clarify the impact of N fertilization on SOC in typical maize-based (Zea mays L.) Midwest U.S. cropping systems by accounting for site-to-site variability in maize yield response to N fertilization. Within continuous maize and maize-soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] systems at four Iowa locations, we evaluated changes in surface SOC over 14 to 16 years across a range of N fertilizer rates empirically determined to be insufficient, optimum, or excessive for maximum maize yield...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248976/residual-soil-nitrate-content-and-profitability-of-five-cropping-systems-in-northwest-iowa
#18
Robert L De Haan, Matthew A Schuiteman, Ronald J Vos
Many communities in the Midwestern United States obtain their drinking water from shallow alluvial wells that are vulnerable to contamination by NO3-N from the surrounding agricultural landscape. The objective of this research was to assess cropping systems with the potential to produce a reasonable return for farmers while simultaneously reducing the risk of NO3-N movement into these shallow aquifers. From 2009 to 2013 we conducted a field experiment in northwest Iowa in which we evaluated five cropping systems for residual (late fall) soil NO3-N content and profitability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213135/genetic-variants-in-the-peripheral-auditory-system-significantly-affect-adult-cochlear-implant-performance
#19
A Eliot Shearer, Robert W Eppsteiner, Kathy Frees, Viral Tejani, Christina M Sloan-Heggen, Carolyn Brown, Paul Abbas, Camille Dunn, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz, Richard J H Smith
BACKGROUND: Cochlear implantation is an effective habilitation modality for adults with significant hearing loss. However, post-implant performance is variable. A portion of this variance in outcome can be attributed to clinical factors. Recent physiological studies suggest that the health of the spiral ganglion also impacts post-operative cochlear implant outcomes. The goal of this study was to determine whether genetic factors affecting spiral ganglion neurons may be associated with cochlear implant performance...
February 15, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211101/dental-status-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-among-nursing-facility-residents-in-eastern-iowa
#20
Daniel J Caplan, Tariq S Ghazal, Howard J Cowen, Deise C Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate dental status (ie, number of teeth and presence of removable dental prostheses) as a predictor of all-cause mortality among nursing facility residents. BACKGROUND: Edentulism has been associated with poorer health outcomes in geriatric populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2006 and June 2008, oral health screening examinations were completed for 584 residents of 10 nursing facilities in four eastern Iowa counties...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
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