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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333486/ethical-considerations-when-delivering-behavior-analytic-services-for-problem-behavior-via-telehealth
#1
Patrick W Romani, Kelly M Schieltz
Delivery of healthcare services via telehealth has been growing in popularity, and work completed by behavior analytic researchers and practitioners have supported this trend. Behavior analysts at the University of Iowa Children's Hospital (UICH) developed a telehealth model of service delivery to build upon their already established in-clinic and in-home services. Results from their telehealth studies showed positive effects. Social functions were identified for most children, and problem behavior decreased by an average of 94...
November 2017: Behavior Analysis (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#2
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326031/depressive-symptoms-and-poorer-performance-on-the-stroop-task-are-associated-with-weight-gain
#3
Emma J Stinson, Jonathan Krakoff, Marci E Gluck
OBJECTIVE: Executive function impairments and depression are associated with obesity but whether they predict weight gain is unclear. METHODS: Forty-six individuals (35m, 37±10y) completed the Stroop Task, Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST), Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology (IDS-SR), Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Body composition (DXA) and fasting glucose were also measured. Data from return visits were used to assess changes in weight...
January 8, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325489/creating-effective-biocontainment-facilities-and-maintenance-protocols-for-raising-specific-pathogen-free-severe-combined-immunodeficient-scid-pigs
#4
Ellis J Powell, Sara Charley, Adeline N Boettcher, Lisa Varley, Justin Brown, Martine Schroyen, Malavika K Adur, Susan Dekkers, Dean Isaacson, Mary Sauer, Joan Cunnick, N Matthew Ellinwood, Jason W Ross, Jack Cm Dekkers, Christopher K Tuggle
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is defined by the lack of an adaptive immune system. Mutations causing SCID are found naturally in humans, mice, horses, dogs, and recently in pigs, with the serendipitous discovery of the Iowa State University SCID pigs. As research models, SCID animals are naturally tolerant of xenotransplantation and offer valuable insight into research areas such as regenerative medicine, cancer therapy, as well as immune cell signaling mechanisms. Large-animal biomedical models, particularly pigs, are increasingly essential to advance the efficacy and safety of novel regenerative therapies on human disease...
January 1, 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320336/knowledge-gaps-of-the-health-benefits-of-beans-among-low-income-women
#5
Shelly Palmer, Donna M Winham, Christine Hradek
OBJECTIVES: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women. METHODS: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319644/improving-thermoregulation-for-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department-an-evidence-based-practice-project
#6
Ada Saqe-Rockoff, Finn D Schubert, Amanda Ciardiello, Elizabeth Douglas
Extensive evidence exists on the association between hypothermia and increased morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Gaps in practice related to temperature assessment have been identified in literature, along with limited personnel knowledge regarding management of patients with accidental hypothermia. An interdisciplinary team identified gaps in practice in our institution regarding temperature assessment and documentation of rewarming and initiated an evidence-based practice project to change practice at our institution...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319472/state-variations-in-infant-mortality-by-race-and-hispanic-origin-of-mother-2013-2015
#7
T J Matthews, Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll
Data from the National Vital Statistics System: -In 2013-2015, the infant mortality rate by state ranged from 4.28 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to 9.08 in Mississippi. -Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), the mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic white women ranged from 2.52 in D.C. to 7.04 in Arkansas. -For infants of non-Hispanic black women, the mortality rate ranged from 8.27 in Massachusetts to 14.28 in Wisconsin. -The mortality rate for infants of Hispanic women ranged from 3...
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310459/psychometrics-of-the-iowa-and-berlin-gambling-tasks-unresolved-issues-with-reliability-and-validity-for-risk-taking
#8
Florian Schmitz, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Andrea Hildebrandt, Klaus Oberauer, Oliver Wilhelm
The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is one of the most prominent paradigms employed for the assessment of risk taking in the laboratory, and it was shown to distinguish between various patient groups and controls. The present study was conducted to test the psychometric characteristics of the original IGT and of a new gambling task variant for assessing individual differences. Two studies were conducted with adults of the general population ( n = 220) and with adolescents ( n = 389). Participants were also tested on multiple measures of working memory capacity, fluid intelligence, personality traits associated with risk-taking behavior, and self-reported risk taking in various domains...
January 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309322/years-versus-days-between-successive-surgeries-after-an-initial-outpatient-procedure-for-the-median-patient-versus-the-median-surgeon-in-the-state-of-iowa
#9
Franklin Dexter, Craig Jarvie, Richard H Epstein
BACKGROUND: Previously, we studied the relative importance of different institutional interventions that the largest hospital in Iowa could take to grow the anesthesia department's outpatient surgical care. Most (>50%) patients having elective surgery had not previously had surgery at the hospital. Patient perioperative experience was unimportant for influencing total anesthesia workload and numbers of patients. More important was the availability of surgical clinic appointments within several days...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308655/radiocontrast-dye-extravasation-during-sialography
#10
Kristy Truong, Henry T Hoffman, Bruno Policeni, Joan Maley
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the pathophysiology of contrast extravasation. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-five sialograms at the University of Iowa from 2008 to 2016 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve sialograms (4.7% of total) were identified with main ductal extravasation. In each case, ductal stenosis as a diagnosis was supported by clinical history and the finding of difficulty in advancing the cannula into the duct during sialography. In all but 1 case, extravasation occurred at the distal duct with no further imaging of the ductal system...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305529/geographic-variation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-in-medicare-and-veterans-affairs-populations-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#11
Alexis L Beatty, Michael Truong, David W Schopfer, Hui Shen, Justin M Bachmann, Mary A Whooley
Background -Cardiac rehabilitation is strongly recommended after myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), but is historically underused. We sought to evaluate variation in cardiac rehabilitation participation across the United States. Methods -From administrative data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system and a 5% Medicare sample, we used ICD-9 codes to identify patients hospitalized for MI, PCI, or CABG from 2007-2011. After excluding patients who died within 30 days of hospitalization, we calculated the percent of patients who participated in one or more outpatient visits for cardiac rehabilitation during the 12 months after hospitalization...
January 5, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303818/daniel-gentry-phd-clinical-professor-and-program-director-university-of-iowa-college-of-public-health
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298107/longitudinal-case-series-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-and-infection-in-two-cohorts-of-rural-iowans
#13
Tara C Smith, Emily J Hellwig, Shylo E Wardyn, Ashley E Kates, Dipendra Thapaliya
OBJECTIVE: Examine the relationship between colonization with Staphylococcus aureus in the community and symptomatic infection in two cohorts of Iowans. DESIGN: Case series within cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Rural Iowans selected from the Keokuk Rural Health Study, the Agricultural Health Study, and the Iowa Voter Registry. METHODS: Longitudinal study within established cohorts evaluating documented S. aureus infections with samples available for molecular typing...
January 3, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290565/serum-vitamin-d-levels-affect-pathologic-complete-response-in-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for-operable-breast-cancer
#14
Akiko Chiba, Rachna Raman, Alexandra Thomas, Pierre-Jean Lamy, Marie Viala, Stephane Pouderoux, Sarah L Mott, Mary C Schroeder, Simon Thezenas, William Jacot
INTRODUCTION: There has been increasing interest in the potential benefit of vitamin D in improving breast cancer outcome. Preclinical studies suggest that vitamin D enhances chemotherapy-induced cell death. We investigated the impact of serum vitamin D levels during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on the rates of achieving pathologic complete response (pCR) after breast cancer NAC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from 1 of 2 Iowa registries who had serum vitamin D level measured before or during NAC were included...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290176/comparative-effectiveness-of-anticholinergic-agents-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#15
Ali B Goodson, Matthew A Cantrell, Robert F Shaw, Brian C Lund
BACKGROUND: Limited data from short-term clinical trials suggest efficacy advantages of solifenacin and fesoterodine over other anticholinergic agents in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the real-world comparative effectiveness of newer anticholinergic agents for lower urinary tract symptoms, as assessed by 1-year persistence, and (b) identify patient factors independently associated with persistence. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of U...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287880/revisits-after-pediatric-tracheotomy-airway-concerns-result-in-returns
#16
Sophie Shay, Nina L Shapiro, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES: Children undergoing tracheotomy represent a medically vulnerable patient population, and understanding the reasons for revisiting the hospital setting following tracheotomy is critical for improving the quality of care for these patients. This study aims to investigate the incidence and characteristics of revisits following pediatric tracheotomy. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study using state databases. The State Inpatient Databases and State Emergency Department Databases for California, Florida, Iowa and New York 2010-11 were linked and examined for cases of pediatric tracheotomy (patients < 18...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286931/newborn-drug-testing-practices-in-iowa-birthing-hospitals
#17
K E Wood, P Smith, M D Krasowski
OBJECTIVES: Federal law mandates states to have policies and procedures to identify newborns exposed to maternal substance use during pregnancy. National guidelines for newborn drug testing are lacking; therefore, procedures are variable and determined by state law and local practices. In Iowa, maternal substance use during pregnancy is considered child abuse and must be reported.The objective of this study was to identify newborn drug testing policies and procedures among birthing hospitals in Iowa...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286870/a-task-based-analysis-of-black-carbon-exposure-in-iowa-farmers-during-harvest
#18
Emma M Stapleton, Patrick T O'Shaughnessy, Sarah J Locke, Ralph W Altmaier, Jonathan N Hofmann, Laura E Beane Freeman, Peter S Thorne, Rena R Jones, Melissa C Friesen
Diesel exhaust has been associated with adverse human health effects. Farmers are often exposed to diesel exhaust; however, their diesel exposure has not been well characterized. In this descriptive study, we measured black carbon concentrations as a proxy for diesel exhaust exposure in 16 farmers over 20 sampling days during harvest in southeast Iowa. Farmers wore a personal aethalometer which measured real-time black carbon levels throughout the working day, and their activities were recorded by a field researcher...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286185/the-relationships-between-fluoride-intake-levels-and-fluorosis-of-late-erupting-permanent-teeth
#19
Pradeep Bhagavatula, Alexandra Curtis, Barbara Broffitt, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, John Warren, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between fluoride intake levels and fluorosis of late-erupting permanent teeth. METHODS: The current study used information collected from 437 children in the longitudinal Iowa Fluoride Study. Participants' fluoride intake information was collected using questionnaires from birth to age 10 years. Estimated mean daily fluoride intake was categorized into low, moderate, and high intake tertiles for each age interval (2-5, 5-8, and 2-8 years)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283076/the-value-of-electronically-extracted-data-for-auditing-outpatient-antimicrobial-prescribing
#20
Daniel J Livorsi, Carrie M Linn, Bruce Alexander, Brett H Heintz, Traviss A Tubbs, Eli N Perencevich
OBJECTIVE The optimal approach to auditing outpatient antimicrobial prescribing has not been established. We assessed how different types of electronic data-including prescriptions, patient-visits, and International Classification of Disease, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes-could inform automated antimicrobial audits. DESIGN Outpatient visits during 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, including chart abstraction, if an antimicrobial was prescribed (cohort 1) or if the visit was associated with an infection-related ICD-10 code (cohort 2)...
December 28, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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