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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098571/operating-room-anesthesia-subspecialization-is-not-associated-with-significantly-greater-quality-of-supervision-of-anesthesia-residents-and-nurse-anesthetists
#1
Franklin Dexter, Johannes Ledolter, Richard H Epstein, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Supervision of anesthesia residents and nurse anesthetists is a major responsibility of faculty anesthesiologists. The quality of their supervision can be assessed quantitatively by the anesthesia residents and nurse anesthetists. Supervision scores are an independent measure of the contribution of the anesthesiologist to patient care. We evaluated the association between quality of supervision and level of specialization of anesthesiologists. METHODS: We used two 6-month periods, one with no feedback to anesthesiologists of the residents' and nurse anesthetists' evaluations, and the other with feedback...
November 2, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093821/decreasing-rates-of-pediatric-bipolar-within-an-outpatient-practice
#2
Daniel Wesemann
PROBLEM: Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) prevalence is estimated to be 1-3%. Nationally and internationally, rates of PBD have increased by over 400%. However, in Iowa and at one psychiatric clinic in Iowa, from 2008-2013, there was a decrease in PBD diagnosis of 33 and 51.2% respectively. This study examined the diagnosing practices of PBD by local providers in one outpatient mental health center. METHOD: Parents completed a screening packet to differentiate between PBD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using three tools: Child Mania Rating Scale (CMRS), Child Behavior Checklist-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), and the NICHQ Vanderbilt...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093302/aging-and-risky-decision-making-new-erp-evidence-from-the-iowa-gambling-task
#3
Elisa Di Rosa, Daniela Mapelli, Giorgio Arcara, Piero Amodio, Stefano Tamburin, Sami Schiff
Several pieces of evidence have highlighted the presence of an age-related decline in risky decision-making (DM), but the reason of this decline is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the neural correlates of feedback processing in risky DM. Twenty-one younger (age <50 years) and 15 older (age >50 years) adults were tested with the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) during Event Related Potentials (ERP) recording. The analysis was focused on the feedback-related negativity (FRN) and P3, two ERP components that represent different stages of feedback processing...
January 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092195/serum-bdnf-levels-in-patients-with-gambling-disorder-are-associated-with-the-severity-of-gambling-disorder-and-iowa-gambling-task-indices
#4
Sam-Wook Choi, Young-Chul Shin, Jung Yeon Mok, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi, Samuel Suk-Hyun Hwang
Background and aims Gambling disorder (GD) shares many similarities with substance use disorders (SUDs) in clinical, neurobiological, and neurocognitive features, including decision-making. We evaluated the relationships among, GD, decision-making, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), as measured by serum BDNF levels. Methods Twenty-one male patients with GD and 21 healthy sex- and age-matched control subjects were evaluated for associations between serum BDNF levels and the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), as well as between serum BDNF levels and Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) indices...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077590/molecular-epidemiology-of-ascaris-infection-among-pigs-in-iowa
#5
Jeba Jesudoss Chelladurai, Kaitlyn Murphy, Tymbrie Snobl, Christopher Bader, Cody West, Kylie Thompson, Matthew T Brewer
Ascaris is a large roundworm parasite that infects humans and pigs throughout the world. Molecular markers have been used to study parasite transmission in Ascaris-endemic and -nonendemic regions of the world. In the United States, ascariasis still persists in commercial swine and has been designated a neglected disease of poverty in humans. However, relatively few data are available for evaluation of zoonotic transmission. In the present study, we obtained adult worms from abattoirs and characterized each worm on the basis of the gene encoding nuclear internal transcribed sequence (ITS) and mitochondrial cox1 Restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis of ITS revealed swine, human, and hybrid genotypes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065206/iowa-gambling-task-performance-prospectively-predicts-changes-in-glycemic-control-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
Yana Suchy, Tara L Queen, Bryce Huntbach, Deborah J Wiebe, Sara L Turner, Jonathan Butner, Caitlin S Kelly, Perrin C White, Mary Murray, Michael Swinyard, Cynthia A Berg
OBJECTIVES: Good glycemic control is an important goal of diabetes management. Late adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are at risk for poor glycemic control as they move into young adulthood. For a subset of these patients, this dysregulation is extreme, placing them at risk for life-threatening health complications and permanent cognitive declines. The present study examined whether deficiency in emotional decision making (as measured by the Iowa Gambling Task; IGT) among teens with T1D may represent a neurocognitive risk factor for subsequent glycemic dysregulation...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061376/visual-orienting-and-attention-deficits-in-5-and-10-month-old-preterm-infants
#7
Shannon Ross-Sheehy, Sammy Perone, Kelsi L Macek, Bret Eschman
Cognitive outcomes for children born prematurely are well characterized, including increased risk for deficits in memory, attention, processing speed, and executive function. However, little is known about deficits that appear within the first 12 months, and how these early deficits contribute to later outcomes. To probe for functional deficits in visual attention, preterm and full-term infants were tested at 5 and 10 months with the Infant Orienting With Attention task (IOWA; Ross-Sheehy, Schneegans and Spencer, 2015)...
January 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061143/perceptions-of-public-breastfeeding-images-and-their-association-with-breastfeeding-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-an-internet-panel-of-men-ages-21-44-in-the-united-states
#8
Brianna M Magnusson, Callie R Thackeray, Sarah A Van Wagenen, Siena F Davis, Rickelle Richards, Ray M Merrill
BACKGROUND: Men's attitudes toward public breastfeeding may influence a woman's decisions about breastfeeding and her perceived comfort with public breastfeeding. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with men's visual perception of images of public breastfeeding. METHODS: A 95-item online survey was administered to 502 U.S. men ages 21 to 44. Respondents were presented with four images of women breastfeeding and asked to evaluate agreement with 15 adjectives describing each image...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060525/diurnal-rhythms-in-psychological-reward-functioning-in-healthy-young-men-wanting-liking-and-learning
#9
Jamie E M Byrne, Greg Murray
A range of evidence suggests that human reward functioning is partly driven by the endogenous circadian system, generating 24-hour rhythms in behavioural measures of reward activation. Reward functioning is multifaceted but literature to date is largely limited to measures of self-reported positive mood states. The aim of this study was to advance the field by testing for hypothesised diurnal variation in previously unexplored components of psychological reward: 'wanting', liking, and learning using subjective and behavioural measures...
January 6, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054908/binaural-interference-and-the-effects-of-age-and-hearing-loss
#10
Bruna S S Mussoi, Ruth A Bentler
BACKGROUND: The existence of binaural interference, defined here as poorer speech recognition with both ears than with the better ear alone, is well documented. Studies have suggested that its prevalence may be higher in the elderly population. However, no study to date has explored binaural interference in groups of younger and older adults in conditions that favor binaural processing (i.e., in spatially separated noise). Also, the effects of hearing loss have not been studied. PURPOSE: To examine binaural interference through speech perception tests, in groups of younger adults with normal hearing, older adults with normal hearing for their age, and older adults with hearing loss...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053221/laterality-of-oral-clefts-and-academic-achievement
#11
Emily R Gallagher, Brent R Collett, Sheila Barron, Paul Romitti, Timothy Ansley, George L Wehby
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children with isolated oral clefts have lower academic performance when compared with unaffected peers, yet few studies have examined specific attributes of clefts that may modify this risk. Oral clefts have nonrandom laterality, with left-sided clefts being more common than right-sided clefts, a pattern that may be genetically or environmentally influenced. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between cleft laterality and academic achievement in a population-based sample of children with and without isolated oral clefts...
January 4, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053163/atgc-database-and-atgc-cogs-an-updated-resource-for-micro-and-macro-evolutionary-studies-of-prokaryotic-genomes-and-protein-family-annotation
#12
David M Kristensen, Yuri I Wolf, Eugene V Koonin
The Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) database is a collection of closely related bacterial and archaeal genomes that provides several tools to aid research into evolutionary processes in the microbial world. Each ATGC is a taxonomy-independent cluster of 2 or more completely sequenced genomes that meet the objective criteria of a high degree of local gene order (synteny) and a small number of synonymous substitutions in the protein-coding genes. As such, each ATGC is suited for analysis of microevolutionary variations within a cohesive group of organisms (e...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#13
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048868/su-f-j-219-predicting-ventilation-change-due-to-radiation-therapy-dependency-on-pre-rt-ventilation-and-effort-correction
#14
T Patton, K Du, G Christensen, J Reinhardt, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Ventilation change caused by radiation therapy (RT) can be predicted using four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and image registration. This study tested the dependency of predicted post-RT ventilation on effort correction and pre-RT lung function. METHODS: Pre-RT and 3 month post-RT 4DCT images were obtained for 13 patients. The 4DCT images were used to create ventilation maps using a deformable image registration based Jacobian expansion calculation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047865/we-de-bra-10-development-of-a-novel-scanning-beam-low-energy-intraoperative-radiation-therapy-sbiort-system-for-pancreatic-cancer
#15
B Wears, I Mohiuddin, R Flynn, T Waldron, Y Kim, B Allen, J Xia
PURPOSE: Developing a compact collimator system and validating a 3D surface imaging module for a scanning beam low-energy x-ray radiation therapy (SBIORT) system that enables delivery of non-uniform radiation dose to targets with irregular shapes intraoperatively. METHODS: SBIORT consists of a low energy x-ray source, a custom compact collimator module, a robotic arm, and a 3D surface imaging module. The 3D surface imaging system (structure sensor) is utilized for treatment planning and motion monitoring of the surgical cavity...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047165/we-ab-202-03-quantifying-ventilation-change-due-to-radiation-therapy-using-4dct-jacobian-calculations
#16
T Patton, K Du, G Christensen, J Reinhardt, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and image registration can be used to determine regional lung ventilation changes after radiation therapy (RT). This study aimed to determine if lung ventilation change following radiation therapy was affected by the pre-RT ventilation of the lung. METHODS: 13 subjects had three 4DCT scans: two repeat scans acquired before RT and one three months after RT. Regional ventilation was computed using Jacobian determinant calculations on the registered 4DCT images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042356/assessment-of-pharmacists-delivery-of-public-health-services-in-rural-and-urban-areas-in-iowa-and-north-dakota
#17
David M Scott, Mark Strand, Teri Undem, Gabrielle Anderson, Andrea Clarens, Xiyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: The profession of pharmacy is expanding its involvement in public health, but few studies have examined pharmacists' delivery of public health services. OBJECTIVE: To assess Iowa and North Dakota pharmacists' practices, frequency of public health service delivery, level of involvement in achieving the essential services of public health, and barriers to expansion of public health services in rural and urban areas. METHODS: This study implemented an on-line survey sent to all pharmacists currently practicing pharmacy in Iowa and North Dakota...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034803/computational-eeg-modelling-of-decision-making-under-ambiguity-reveals-spatio-temporal-dynamics-of-outcome-evaluation
#18
Lee Jollans, Robert Whelan, Louise Venables, Oliver H Turnbull, Matteo Cella, Simon Dymond
Complex human cognition, such as decision-making under ambiguity, is reflected in dynamic spatio-temporal activity in the brain. Here, we combined event-related potentials with computational modelling of the time course of decision-making and outcome evaluation during the Iowa Gambling Task. Measures of choice probability generated using the Prospect Valence Learning Delta (PVL-Delta) model, in addition to objective trial outcomes (outcome magnitude and valence), were applied as regressors in a general linear model of the EEG signal...
December 26, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032796/peter-nathan-1935-2016
#19
Don Fowles
Presents an obituary for Peter Nathan who died suddenly on May 8, 2016, in Iowa City, Iowa. Nathan was an outstanding clinical scientist who's pioneering research confirming the effectiveness of psychological interventions to treat alcoholism and substance abuse set off an explosion of research and clinical applications over the ensuing decades. He made seminal contributions to diagnostic decision making, syndromal assessment, and science-based treatments of psychopathology. He helped found the field of social and behavioral science of addiction...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031280/proteolytic-cleavage-of-the-immunodominant-outer-membrane-protein-rompa-in-rickettsia-rickettsii
#20
Nicholas F Noriea, Tina R Clark, David Mead, Ted Hackstadt
: Rickettsia rickettsii, the causative agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, contains two immunodominant proteins, rOmpA and rOmpB, in the outer membrane. Both rOmpA and rOmpB are conserved throughout spotted fever group rickettsiae as members of a family of autotransporter proteins. Previously, it was demonstrated that rOmpB is proteolytically processed with the cleavage site residing near the autotransporter domain at the carboxy-terminal end of the protein, cleaving the 168 kDa precursor into apparent 120 kDa and 32 kDa fragments...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
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