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Oncology pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048519/finding-silver-linings-a-preliminary-examination-of-benefit-finding-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#1
Sabine Soltani, Alex Neville, Karen Hurtubise, Aimee Hildenbrand, Melanie Noel
Background: Chronic pain is a pervasive condition in adolescence and is associated with significant psychological distress, functional disability, social isolation, and decreased quality of life for a subset of affected youth. There is a paucity of research examining potential resilience factors and adaptive processes in pediatric chronic pain. Benefit finding refers to the process of perceiving positive consequences in the face of adversity. Previous research on benefit finding in pediatric samples (e...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045267/the-prevalence-and-investigation-of-risk-factors-of-oral-mucositis-in-a-pediatric-oncology-inpatient-population-a-prospective-study
#2
Gabrielle Allen, Richard Logan, Tom Revesz, Dorothy Keefe, Sam Gue
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis can be a frequent and severe complication of chemotherapy in children. It can result in pain, infection, depression, prolonged admission, treatment delays, increase in patient morbidity, and increased costs. AIM: To record the prevalence and severity of oral mucositis among inpatients and explore the relationship of risks factors and the development of oral mucositis. DESIGN: During an 18-month period 643 clinical inpatient assessments were completed on 73 children who were admitted and had received chemotherapy in the last 14 days...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040189/the-patient-and-observer-scar-assessment-scale-to-evaluate-the-cosmetic-outcomes-of-the-robotic-single-site-hysterectomy-in-endometrial-cancer
#3
Giacomo Corrado, Gloria Calagna, Giuseppe Cutillo, Salvatore Insinga, Emanuela Mancini, Ermelinda Baiocco, Ashanti Zampa, Arabella Bufalo, Antonio Perino, Enrico Vizza
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the cosmetic outcome of robotic single-site hysterectomy (RSSH) in early-stage endometrial cancer. METHODS: We prospectively collected patient demographics, operative times, complications, pathologic results, and length of stay on all patients who underwent RSSH for early-stage endometrial cancer. The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) was used for the evaluation of the cosmetic outcome. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were included in our study from January 2012 to October 2015...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035643/role-of-bone-modifying-agents-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-an-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-cancer-care-ontario-focused-guideline-update
#4
Catherine Van Poznak, Mark R Somerfield, William E Barlow, J Sybil Biermann, Linda D Bosserman, Mark J Clemons, Sukhbinder K Dhesy-Thind, Melissa S Dillmon, Andrea Eisen, Elizabeth S Frank, Reshma Jagsi, Rachel Jimenez, Richard L Theriault, Theodore A Vandenberg, Gary C Yee, Beverly Moy
Purpose To update, in collaboration with Cancer Care Ontario (CCO), key recommendations of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guideline on the role of bone-modifying agents (BMAs) in metastatic breast cancer. This focused update addressed the new data on intervals between dosing and the role of BMAs in control of bone pain. Methods A joint ASCO-CCO Update Committee conducted targeted systematic literature reviews to identify relevant studies. Results The Update Committee reviewed three phase III noninferiority trials of dosing intervals, one systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of de-escalation of BMAs, and two randomized trials of BMAs in control of pain secondary to bone metastases...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034687/predictors-of-placement-of-inpatient-palliative-care-consult-orders-among-patients-with-breast-lung-and-colon-cancer-in-a-safety-net-hospital-system
#5
Lauren N Smith, Ramona L Rhodes, Lei Xuan, Ethan A Halm
BACKGROUND: The provision of palliative and end-of-life care to patients who are underrepresented and underserved provides unique challenges and opportunities. OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of placement of inpatient palliative care consult orders among patients with breast, lung, and colorectal cancer hospitalized in a safety net hospital in 2010. METHODS: Simple and multivariable logistic regression of data on selected patients with cancer was performed to identify predictors of placement of inpatient palliative care consult orders...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#6
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019326/epidemiology-and-outcomes-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-or-metastatic-carcinoma-cervix-in-a-developing-country-experience-from-a-tertiary-oncology-centre-in-southern-india
#7
K C Lakshmaiah, Aditi Harsh Thanky, D Lokanatha, K Govind Babu, Linu Jacob, Suresh Babu, A H Rudresha, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev, Aparna Sridharmurthy
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is the leading cause of cancer in Indian women. Recurrent/metastatic cervix is the most aggressive form of the disease. There is paucity of data in this setting in Indian women regarding outcomes with palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed hospital registry data between January 2013 and December 2014 for recurrent/metastatic carcinoma cervix patients who were planned for palliative chemotherapy and assessed their demographic parameters, response and survival outcomes with chemotherapy...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018482/the-advances-of-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Yeon-Ju Huh, Joo-Ho Lee
Laparoscopic gastrectomy is evolving. With the increasing expertise and experience of oncologic surgeons in the minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer, the indication for laparoscopic gastrectomy is expanding to advanced cases. Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of minimally invasive surgery, including reduced risk of surgery-related injury, reduced blood loss, less pain, and earlier recovery. In order to establish concrete evidence for the suitability of minimal invasive surgery for gastric cancer, many multicenter RCTs, comparing the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic versus open surgery, are in progress...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987657/feasibility-of-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-vertebral-metastases-under-local-anaesthesia-in-asaiii-patients
#9
Alessandro Motta, Giuseppe Caltabiano, Stefano Palmucci, Giovanni Failla, Antonio Basile
PURPOSE: spine metastases are common concern from several primary neoplasms, modern management include percutaneous techniques such as ablation and cementoplasty. This research aims to evaluate the treatment under local anaesthesia in high-risk patients (ASA III). METHODS AND MATERIAL: from January 2013 up to September 2016 we treated via percutaneous cryoablation 11 advanced oncological patients classified as ASA III, then retrospectively a review of their clinical history has been performed...
October 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987229/controversies-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-oncology
#10
REVIEW
Jacob G Yetzer
Imaging studies are essential components of tumor diagnosis, staging, assessing tumor response to neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies, and postoperative surveillance on completion of definitive treatment. Treatment of early stage clinically node negative oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma is controversial. Approximately 3% of all head and neck tumors arise within the parotid gland and most often within the superficial lobe, lateral to the facial nerve; about 80% are benign and most are pleomorphic adenoma. In patients with dry eyes failing multiple other treatment modalities and facing ongoing pain and loss of vision, microvascular transplant of the submandibular gland is a viable option...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982637/pediatric-chronic-patients-at-outpatient-clinics-a-study-in-a-latin-american-university-hospital
#11
Renata A Alveno, Caroline V Miranda, Caroline G Passone, Aurora R Waetge, Elza S Hojo, Sylvia C L Farhat, Vicente Odone-Filho, Uenis Tannuri, Werther B Carvalho, Magda Carneiro-Sampaio, Clovis A Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children and adolescentes with chronic diseases of outpatient clinics at a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 16,237 patients with chronic diseases followed-up in one year. The data were collected through the electronic system, according to the number of physician appointments in 23 pediatric specialties. Patients were divided in two groups: children (0-9 years) and adolescents (10-19 years)...
October 2, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982515/robotic-total-pelvic-exenteration-with-intracorporeal-sigmoid-conduit-and-colostomy-step-by-step-technique
#12
Matthew J Maurice, Daniel Ramirez, Emre Gorgun, Georges-Pascal Haber
OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for robotic total pelvic exenteration with intracorporeal sigmoid conduit and colostomy using the da Vinci Si robot. METHODS: Three 8-mm robotic ports and two 12-mm laparoscopic ports are placed in a "W" configuration, approximately 2-3 cm more cephalad than for radical prostatectomy (Fig. 1). The robot is docked between the legs with the patient in steep Trendelenburg. The ureters are dissected out from the iliac vessels to the rectovesical pouch, where they are clipped and transected...
July 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975575/oncologist-s-knowledge-and-implementation-of-guidelines-for-breakthrough-cancer-pain-in-spain-conoce-study
#13
R López López, C Camps Herrero, P Khosravi-Shahi, V Guillem Porta, A Carrato Mena, J Garcia-Foncillas, J J Cruz Hernández, P Gascón Vilaplana, A Antón Torres, E Diaz-Rubio, M Feyjoo Saus, E Aranda Aguilar
PURPOSE: Breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP) has been shown to be a prevalent and poor prognostic factor for oncologic patients, which remain under diagnosed and undertreated. In 2012, the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) published a clinical practice guideline (CPG) for the treatment of cancer pain which specifically addressed the management of BTcP. METHODS: Fundación ECO designed a qualitative study using an Internet-based survey to investigate the attitudes toward, compliance with, and use of SEOM Guideline...
October 3, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973687/cancer-related-pain-a-nationwide-survey-of-patients-treatment-modification-and-satisfaction-in-taiwan
#14
Kun-Ming Rau, Jen-Shi Chen, Hung-Bo Wu, Sheng-Fung Lin, Ming-Lih Huang, Cheng-Jeng Tai, Wen-Li Hwang, Yin-Che Lu, Chuan-Cheng Wang, Ruey Kuen Hsieh
Background: We have limited knowledge about cancer patients' pain control satisfaction in outpatient departments in Taiwan and doctors' practice of adjusting analgesics according to their pain status. This survey examined pain management and satisfaction among cancer outpatients with pain and obtained information on their quality of life and treatment management for different pain intensities. Methods: The Short version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used as the outcome questionnaire...
September 8, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971346/combined-pet-mri-global-warming-summary-report-of-the-6th-international-workshop-on-pet-mri-march-27-29-2017-t%C3%A3-bingen-germany
#15
REVIEW
D L Bailey, B J Pichler, B Gückel, G Antoch, H Barthel, Z M Bhujwalla, S Biskup, S Biswal, M Bitzer, R Boellaard, R F Braren, C Brendle, K Brindle, A Chiti, C la Fougère, R Gillies, V Goh, M Goyen, M Hacker, L Heukamp, G M Knudsen, A M Krackhardt, I Law, J C Morris, K Nikolaou, J Nuyts, A A Ordonez, K Pantel, H H Quick, K Riklund, O Sabri, B Sattler, E G C Troost, M Zaiss, L Zender, Thomas Beyer
The 6th annual meeting to address key issues in positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was held again in Tübingen, Germany, from March 27 to 29, 2017. Over three days of invited plenary lectures, round table discussions and dialogue board deliberations, participants critically assessed the current state of PET/MRI, both clinically and as a research tool, and attempted to chart future directions. The meeting addressed the use of PET/MRI and workflows in oncology, neurosciences, infection, inflammation and chronic pain syndromes, as well as deeper discussions about how best to characterise the tumour microenvironment, optimise the complementary information available from PET and MRI, and how advanced data mining and bioinformatics, as well as information from liquid biomarkers (circulating tumour cells and nucleic acids) and pathology, can be integrated to give a more complete characterisation of disease phenotype...
October 2, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971171/retrospective-analysis-of-cases-of-intestinal-invagination-treated-and-followed-up-at-our-clinic
#16
Bora Barut, Huseyin Yonder, Kemal Baris Sarici, Fatih Ozdemir, Volkan Ince
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present data on the diagnosis, treatment, clinical course, and outcome of cases of intestinal invagination. METHODS: Data of 11 patients treated for intestinal invagination at one center between June 2009 and July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively in terms of demographic data, etiological factors, anatomical localization of invagination, admission complaints, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging modalities used, postoperative complications, and hospital stay...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970949/single-incision-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Yoontaek Lee, Hyung-Ho Kim
The implementation of national cancer screening has increased the detection rates of early gastric cancer (EGC) in Korea. Since the successful introduction of laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the early 1990s, this technique has demonstrated improved short-term outcomes without compromising long-term oncologic results. It is associated with reduced pain, shorter hospitalization, reduced morbidity rates, better cosmetic outcomes, and equivalent mortality rates as those for open surgery. Laparoscopic gastrectomy improves patients' quality of life (QOL) and provides favorable prognosis...
September 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969747/primary-pleural-epitheliod-hemangioendothelioma-with-lung-involvement
#18
Saima Siraj, Saima Akhter, Nadeem Rizvi
The authors report a case of 50-year man who presented with 2-year history of dry cough, right sided chest pain, and shortness of breath. Chest X-ray revealed right-sided pleural effusion and left-sided opacity. Pleuroscopic pleural biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of primary pleural epitheliod hemangioendothelioma (EHE) with peripheral lung parenchymal invasion. Chest drain was inserted; and significant amount of fluid was drained, but lung failed to expand after 72 hours. Patient was planned for video assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) and also discussed with oncology department for chemotherapy; but he refused any further treatment, and left home against medical advice with chest drain in place...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967303/laparoendoscopic-single-site-radical-cystectomy-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-radical-cystectomy-for-patient-with-bladder-urothelial-carcinoma-matched-case-control-analysis
#19
Xu Zhang, Kai Xu, Bin Lang, Bin Fu, Taoping Shi, Baojun Wang
OBJECTIVE: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is increasingly popular in urology. However, data on LESS radical cystectomy (LESS-RC) are immature, and no adequate comparative study has assessed conventional laparoscopic radical cystectomy (CL-RC) versus LESS-RC. The primary aim of this study was to compare efficiency and safety of LESS-RC and CL-RC for patients with bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective and case-matched control comparative analysis was performed of patients who underwent LESS-RC (n= 54) and CL-RC (n= 108) from January 2011 to June 2015...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964931/does-site-of-specimen-extraction-affect-incisional-hernia-rate-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#20
M Seveso, S Melegari, G Bozzini, O De Francesco, A Mandressi, G Taverna
BACKGROUND: Robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) spread in the last decade as a minimally invasive alternative to open radical prostatectomy for men with localized prostate cancer. It is associated with excellent surgical, functional and oncological results with less postoperative pain and shorter convalescence. Anyway, the development of an incisional hernia (IH), may negate known benefits as it can lead not only to bothersome symptoms but also to severe complications, such as bowel obstruction, strangulation and perforation...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
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