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Bugi Ratno Budiarto, Desriani
The authors wish to make the following corrections to their paper [1]:[...].
December 2, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Ping Xu, Wen-Bo Zhang, Xin-Hua Cai, Pei-Yong Qiu, Ming-Hua Hao, Dan-Dan Lu
Radiotherapy is one of the most effective non-surgical treatments for many tumors. However, radiation damage remains a major negative consequence of radiotherapy. At present, radio-protective effect of troxerutin has been confimed, but the mechanism of this radioprotection has not been elucidated. Here, this study showed that troxerutin protected thymus tissue of irradiated mice, and its radio-protective effect on thymocytes was significant in the range of 0.625-10μg/ml. Troxerutin significantly inhibited apoptosis of irradiated thymocytes at the concentration of 10μg/ml...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Paul P Dobesh Pharm D, John Fanikos Mba R Ph
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and increases risk of stroke by nearly 5-fold. While warfarin has been employed successfully to reduce the risk of stroke in these patients, there are a number of challenges with therapy. These include the need for therapeutic monitoring due to variability in patient response, frequent dose adjustments, numerous drug-drug, drug-food, and drug-disease interactions, and a heightened risk of thrombosis and bleeding due to these issues. Current guidelines recommend that the vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) should be used for thromboprophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular AF at risk for stroke or systemic embolic events...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
Mark L Brader, Edward N Baker, Michael F Dunn, Thomas M Laue, John F Carpenter
Every major biopharmaceutical company incorporates a protein crystallography unit that is central to its structure-based drug discovery efforts. Yet these capabilities are rarely leveraged toward the formal higher order structural characterization that is so challenging but integral to large-scale biologics manufacturing. Although the biotech industry laments the shortcomings of its favored biophysical techniques, x-ray crystallography is not even considered for drug development. Why not? We suggest that this is due, at least in part, to outdated thinking (for a recent industry-wide survey, see Gabrielson JP, Weiss IV WF...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Eli N Deal, Paul M Stranges, Whitney D Maxwell, Jennifer Bacci, Emily J Ashjian, David L DeRemer, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Nicholas B Norgard, Lauren Dombrowski, Robert B Parker
Regardless of practice setting, it is imperative that pharmacists be able to either participate in generating new knowledge or use the ever-expanding body of literature to guide patient care. However, competing priorities in Pharm.D. curricula and residency training programs have resulted in limited emphasis on acquiring research and scholarly skills. Factors likely contributing to this reduced focus include the lack of curricular and postgraduate training standards emphasizing the development of research skills, time to commit to scholarly activity, and accessibility to experienced mentors...
November 25, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel, Christina L Aquilante, Samuel Johnson, David F Kisor, Philip E Empey
PURPOSE: The current state of pharmacogenomics education for pharmacy students and practitioners is discussed, and resources and strategies to address persistent challenges in this area are reviewed. SUMMARY: Consensus-based pharmacist competencies and guidelines have been published to guide pharmacogenomics knowledge attainment and application in clinical practice. Pharmacogenomics education is integrated into various pharmacy school courses and, increasingly, into Pharm...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Gregory W Gundersen, Kathleen M Jagodnik, Holly Woodland, Nicholas F Fernandez, Kevin Sani, Anders B Dohlman, Peter Man-Un Ung, Caroline D Monteiro, Avner Schlessinger, Avi Ma'ayan
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide gene expression profiling of mammalian cells is becoming a staple of many published biomedical and biological research studies. Such data is deposited into data repositories such as the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) for potential reuse. However, these repositories currently do not provide simple interfaces to systematically analyze collections of related studies. RESULTS: Here we present GENE Expression and Enrichment Vector Analyzer (GEN3VA), a web-based system that enables the integrative analysis of aggregated collections of tagged gene expression signatures identified and extracted from GEO...
November 15, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
William F Weiss, John P Gabrielson, Wasfi Al-Azzam, Guodong Chen, Darryl L Davis, Tapan K Das, David B Hayes, Damian Houde, Satish K Singh
Characterization of the higher order structure (HOS) of protein-based biopharmaceutical products is an important aspect of their development. Opinions vary about how best to apply biophysical methods, in which contexts to use these methods, and how to use the resulting data to make technical decisions as drug candidates are commercialized [Gabrielson JP, Weiss WF IV. J Pharm Sci. 2015;104(4):1240-1245]. The aim of this commentary is to provide guidance for the development and implementation of a robust and comprehensive HOS characterization strategy...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Bernadett Berecz Berecz, Helga Zelenyánszki, Sára Pólya, Cecília Tamás-Nyitrai, Mária Oszvald
Vaccines produced in plants have opened up new opportunities in vaccination. Among the various categories of vaccines, the recombinant vaccine is generally regarded as the most economical and safest type because it cannot cause disease and does not require large-scale cultivation of pathogens. Due to the low cost of their cultivation, plants may represent viable alternative platforms for producing subunit vaccines. Genetic engineering of plastids is the innovation of the last three decades and has numerous benefits when compared to nuclear transformation...
October 4, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Henrik Aronsson, Petter Larsson, Sandra Bains
Higher plants have been used in medicine throughout human history. While traditional medicinal uses relied on compounds produced naturally by plants, recent advances have enabled the use of plant-based factories to produce diverse agents including pharmaceuticals, antibiotics, and vaccines. The genes responsible for the production of these substances can be either transiently expressed in plants or integrated into their nuclear genome or plastid genome (plastome) by genetic transformation. This review focuses on the application of plastid transformation of higher plants to produce biopharmaceuticals for human applications that are neither antibiotics nor vaccines...
October 4, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Krm Ferrier, C E van Elk, P E Bunskoek, Mph van den Broek
Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) can suffer from fungal infections, which can be treated with voriconazole. In common practice, the voriconazole doses are extrapolated from human doses by adjusting for body weight only, because no dose regimen is available yet. Therefore, the aim of this study was to define a dose regimen for voriconazole in bottlenose dolphins. Dolphins treated with voriconazole between November 2005 and September 2015 at the Dolfinarium Harderwijk, the Netherlands, and TDM was performed were included...
October 4, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Andrea Di Guardo, Antonio Finizio
Analogously to the evolution of the EU legislation on pesticides, there is an increasing need of strategies aiming to reach a "sustainable use of veterinary pharmaceuticals". To this end, it is essential to develop tools, such as supporting information systems (SIS), for managing the environmental risks of veterinary pharmaceuticals on a territorial scale. In this context, we propose Sust-PHarm (SUSTainable use of veterinary Pharmaceuticals), a SIS useful to identify groundwater vulnerable areas to veterinary pharmaceuticals at both local and regional scale...
September 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Iqbal Ahmad, Adeel Arsalan, Syed Abid Ali, Raheela Bano, Iqra Munir, Arif Sabah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Paul A Dickinson, Filippos Kesisoglou, Talia Flanagan, Marilyn N Martinez, Hitesh B Mistry, John R Crison, James E Polli, Maria T Cruañes, Abu T M Serajuddin, Anette Müllertz, Jack A Cook, Arzu Selen
The aim of Biopharmaceutics Risk Assessment Roadmap (BioRAM) and the BioRAM Scoring Grid is to facilitate optimization of clinical performance of drug products. BioRAM strategy relies on therapy-driven drug delivery and follows an integrated systems approach for formulating and addressing critical questions and decision-making (J Pharm Sci. 2014,103(11): 3777-97). In BioRAM, risk is defined as not achieving the intended in vivo drug product performance, and success is assessed by time to decision-making and action...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jamal Shamsara
BACKGROUND: Cross-docking is an approach to find the best holo structures among multiple structures available for a target protein. RESULTS: CrossDocker significantly decreases the time needed for setting parameters and inputs for performing multiple dockings, data collection and subsequent analysis. CONCLUSION: CrossDocker was written in Python language and is available as executable binary for Windows operating system. It is available at http://www...
2016: SpringerPlus
Shivangi Naik, Raj Mukherjee, Bodhisattwa Chaudhuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Gina Webster, Audrey Y-H Teh, Julian K-C Ma
Degeneracy in the genetic code allows multiple codon sequences to encode the same protein. Codon usage bias in genes is the term given to the preferred use of particular synonymous codons. Synonymous codon substitutions had been regarded as "silent" as the primary structure of the protein was not affected; however, it is now accepted that synonymous substitutions can have a significant effect on heterologous protein expression. Codon optimization, the process of altering codons within the gene sequence to improve recombinant protein expression, has become widely practised...
September 12, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Jaime I Arevalo-Villalobos, Sergio Rosales-Mendoza, Sergio Zarazua
INTRODUCTION: Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) have a serious impact on global health with no effective treatments available to date. Vaccination has been proposed as a therapeutic approach for NDs, and clinical evaluations of some candidates for Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis are ongoing. Moreover, monoclonal antibodies for passive immunotherapy are under evaluation for Alzheimer's, synucleinopathies, and multiple sclerosis. AREAS COVERED: With the consolidation of plant-based systems for the production and oral delivery of biopharmaceuticals, interesting perspectives arise in the fight against NDs...
August 31, 2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
Patrick J Lindsay, Stuart E Bond, Ross Norris, Deborah J E Marriott, Spiros Miyakis
BACKGROUND: Posaconazole therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is recommended to promote effective antifungal prophylaxis, but its utility has yet to be optimized. Breakthrough invasive fungal infections have been reported with serum concentrations <700 mcg/L, but there is little evidence to determine the optimal serum concentration for efficacy or concentrations associated with toxicity. Challenges for effective monitoring are greater in settings without posaconazole TDM facilities because of the long turnaround time before receipt of results...
December 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Ariana Low, Si Ling Kok, Yuetmei Khong, Sui Yung Chan, Rajeev Gokhale
No standard time or pharmacopoeia disintegration test method for orodispersible films (ODFs) exists. The USP disintegration test for tablets and capsules poses significant challenges for end-point determination when used for ODFs. We tested a newly developed disintegration test unit (DTU) against the USP disintegration test. The DTU is an accessory to the USP disintegration apparatus. It holds the ODF in a horizontal position, allowing top-view of the ODF during testing. A Gauge R&R study was conducted to assign relative contributions of the total variability from the operator, sample or the experimental set-up...
November 2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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